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Rezultatele pentru emission reduction

Rezultate gasite: 461

Catalytic destruction of aromatic VOCs on SCR-DeNOx commercial catalyst
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
AbstractAromatic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) proved to have enhanced polluting behavior upon the atmosphere and human health. Their catalytic destruction is an alternative for environmental pollution reduction in the case of gaseous emissions with low contents of VOC.In this paper, an experimental study is presented, concerning the conversion of benzene and its mono-halogenated derivatives on SCR-DeNOx (V2O5-WO3/TiO2) commercial catalyst, specific for the reduction process of nitrogen oxid...
Autori: Florin Bandrabur, Heinz Koser, Ion Balasanian, Liliana Lazar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25105

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole� Degradation of alcian blue 8 gx by heterogeneous and homogeneous photocatalytic processes� Evaluating the performance of solid waste management models� Bioreactors with stirred bed of immobilized cells 1. Studies on mixing efficiency� Fugitive emissions estimation from petroleum storage tanks� New Ni(II) coordination polymers with insulating and anticorrosive properties� Determination of water quality deterioration at pilgrimage centre along river netrav...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25196

Hydrogen and sustainable energy. Research for hydrogen production
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
Abstract Hydrogen could be considered a synthetic secondary power carrier fuel in the years to come, subsequent to the fossil fuels economy. Thus the concept 'hydrogen economy' shall be defined, and it will also have a great influence in the future years.The field of power generation (producing electric power), transports, (electric cars), chemistry (hydrogen is a major raw material) are potential users of hydrogen.The experts support, by means of a series of economical and strategic analysis ma...
Autori: Corina Rădulescu, Elisabeta Păsculete, Florentina Condrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25111

Fugitive emissions estimation from petroleum storage tanks
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
Liquid petroleum fuel products such as High Speed Diesel (HSD), Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO), Motor Sprit (MS) are stored in floating roof tanks under atmospheric conditions. The Storage tanks are provided with fittings like rimseals, gauge float wells,sample ports, deck drains and access hatches and becomes the sources of hydrocarbon vapour emissions released to the atmosphere. The net throughput and the annual turnovers of the fuel products and annual average meteorological conditions were cons...
Autori: Bandari Chakradhar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25117

Methyl tert- butyl ether occurrence and degradation in water
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
The use of gasoline oxygenated with MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) reduced significantly air pollution (16 - 23% lower emissions of CO and 18% lower emissions of unburned hydrocarbons) but increased water pollution. There is no European or national regulations for MTBE in drinking water except for Denmark, which has set a limit value of 30 µg/ L for MTBE. USEPA proposed a maximum concentration of 20- 40 µg/L. This paper is a review with 70 references on the MTBE production, use, properties and...
Autori: Camelia Beţianu, Florina Ungureanu, Loredana Branza, Lucian Vasile Pavel, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25122

Development trends of cold plasma reactors in the global context of carbon emission reduction
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
This paper brings a review on the trends of arc plasma reactors, in the new millennium, as an alternative contribution to the reduction of carbon emission at global level. The development of technically and economically feasible plasma processes for the production of hydrogen is analyzed. Literature provides data on achievable intensification of the involved chemical processes comparing with those from the classic reactors. The hydrogen production is studied starting from hydrocarbons and alcoho...
Autori: Iulian Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25128

Assessing the potential of wind power in Romania within Kyoto targets
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
The Kyoto target for Romania was to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 8 % from the 1989 levels. The 1989 emissions were around 260 million tones. In 2000 the net CO2 emission - some 125 million tones - were 54% of the net CO2 emission in the reference year -1989, leaving some 115 million tones as a reserve or as a tradable resource to other countries that can not met their Kyoto targets. Assuming that Romania will sell 100 millions tones of its extra quota in accordance to Article 17 under ...
Autori: Ciprian Sebastian Munteanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25129

Sustainability evaluation of an urban residential settlement
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
AbstractThe Kyoto target for Romania was to reduce its carbon dioxide emissions by 8 % from the 1989 levels. The 1989 emissions werearound 260 million tones. In 2000 the net CO2 emission - some 125 million tones - were 54% of the net CO2 emission in the reference year -1989, leaving some 115 million tones as a reserve or as a tradable resource to other countries that can not met their Kyoto targets. Assuming that Romania will sell 100 millions tones of its extra quota in accordance to Article 17...
Autori: Koshy Varghese, L. S. Ganesh,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25130

Landfill inventory in the Republic of Moldova: problems and solutions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbsractThe paper highlights the inventory of landfill, focusing on the feasibility study of solid waste disposal sites inventory in the Republic of Moldova and existing situation in waste management, including landfills analysis. The paper contains relevant information on landfills characteristics, their location and description of disposed waste. Technical assistance for the study was provided by the regional project Capacity building for improving the quality of greenhouse gas inventories (Eur...
Autori: Tatiana Tugui
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25135

Zero discharge: technological progress towards eliminating pulp mill liquid effluent
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractThe goal of this paper is to examine the potential for ecologically and economically sustainable kraft pulp mills. This paper reviews technical and scientific literature on a wide range of factors that will influence the overall impact of a pulp mill on its total environment. The emphasis is on efforts to achieve "closed-loop," or Totally Effluent Free (TEF) mills which eliminate all liquid effluent and minimize the quantity and environmental impact of air and land discharges. An attempt...
Autori: Adrian Puitel, Dan Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25202

Electrical properties of SnO2-Pt/Al2O3 in reduction atmosphere
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractCatalysts having mobile electrons in bulk such as metals and semiconductors are good solid materials for red/ox type of reaction (oxidation) and can be effectively used in gas sensing devices as well. The aims of this work were: (i) to investigate the surface behavior of Pt(0.28%)/Al2O3 and SnO2(2.94%)-Pt(0.28%)/Al2O3 samples in inert atmosphere (He) and in reducing atmosphere containing helium-cyclopropane gas mixture under ambient condition (i.e., room temperature, atmospheric pressure...
Autori: , Cornel Munteanu, Jozsef Kovacs, Mariana Scurtu, Monica Caldararu, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25146

Organic food in Denmark - from grass root initiative to market niche: potentials and barriers for further sustainable transition
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractThe mechanisms in the shaping of organic food in Denmark since the 1970'ies are analysed as a contribution to the discussion of strategies for a more sustainable production and consumption of food. The background is the major  achievements in Denmark within organic food since the 1970'ies, but also the recent years' reduction in the land converted to organic farming. The analyses are based on experiences from projects, analyses and literature and draw on innovation theory and theory...
Autori: Michael Sogaard Jorgensen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25153

Study of the non-catalytic and catalytic oxidative destruction of VOCs
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
In recent years, the release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has received much attention. Catalytic oxidation of VOCs, found in small concentration in industrial gas emissions constitutes an alternative for environmental pollution reduction.In this paper, a comparative study regarding the non-catalytic and catalytic oxidative destruction of non-halogenated or halogenated C6 hydrocarbons (C6H14, C6H12, C6H6, Cl-C6H5, Br-C6H5), is presented. Catalytic oxidation was studied in the presence of ...
Autori: Florin Bandrabur, Heinz Koser, Ion Balasanian, Liliana Lazar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25162

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 1 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 1Nr. 2
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /01 PLENARY CONFERENCETen years of Environmental Engineering and Management education and research at the Technical University of IasiMatei Macoveanu, Carmen Teodosiu ICEEM/01  - Environmental Engineering SectionRemoval of nitrogen oxides from Diesel exhaust: Laboratory studies for development of an SCR-catalyst-system using solid urea as reducing agentWerner Weisweiler High temperature desulphurization of hydrogen sulphide containing ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25167

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /02 PLENARY SESSION:"Environmental Engineering and Management in the Context of Sustainable Development"Design for sustainability (D4S): towards advanced product conceptsHan Brezet, Sacha SilvesterICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SECTION"Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies"Complex approach to the problem of persistent organic pollutants degradation in water environmentVictor Covaliov, Olga Covaliova, Angela Cincilei, Gilles Mailhot, Pasca...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25176

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr.1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issueBiosorption of Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution by Enteromorpha sp.Loredana Brinza, Matthew Dring, Maria Gavrilescu  Environmental impact assessment for steel processingBrindusa Robu, Carmen Zaharia, Matei MacoveanuEnhanced primary treatment of municipal wastewater by ion exchange and membrane processesDaniela Teleman, Peter A. Wilderer, Carmen Teodosiu, Thilo K?¶tzle Best practices in kraft pulping - benefits and costs Dan GavrilescuAspects of waste m...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25177

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 3 (I)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 3
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /02 PLENARY SESSION:"Environmental Engineering and Management in the Context of Sustainable Development"Green technology foresight of high technology: Hype of potentials - The challenges from nanotechnology, Biotechnology and ICTMichael S?¸gaard J?¸rgensenIntrinsic properties of noble metals in catalytic selective reduction of NO by propene in lean burn conditionsAnne Giroir-Fendler, Helleh Saadallah, Adela HaletaICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25178

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr.4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issueNitrous oxide decomposition over Fe-ZSM-5 catalysts prepared by different methodsMircea Teodor Nechita, Ioan Rosca, Daniel Sutiman, Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan Iordache Geometrical correlation method for global estimation of the ecosystem stateCamelia Popa, Cornel Cojocaru, Matei MacoveanuImmobilized lipases as biocatalysts for organic synthesis 1. Transesterification of ethyl acetate with alcohols in the presence of free Candida antarctica lipase BBrindusa...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25181

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
Include urmatoarele articole:� Removal of persistent organic pollutants from textile wastewater by membrane processes� Sustainability evaluation of an urban residential settlement� Removal of zinc (II) from aqueous solutions by romanian sphagnum peat moss� Development trends of cold plasma reactors in the global context of carbon emission reduction� Assessing the potential of wind power in Romania within Kyoto targets� Research on the impact induced in the environment by milk process...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25198

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
Include urmatoarele articole:� Keynote Lectures Energy from municipal solid waste: large-scale incineration or small-scale pyrolysis?� Electrical properties of SnO2-Pt/Al2O3 in reduction atmosphere� Corporate management tools to address sustainability Challenges. A reflection on the progress and difficulties experienced during the last decade� Emerging academic responsibilities and opportunities for promoting regional sustainability� Challenges for integrated water resources management...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25200

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
Iinclude urmatoarele articole:â€? Phenol degradation in water through a heterogeneous photo-fenton processâ€? Study concerning the influence of oxidizing agents on heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of persistent organic pollutantsâ€? Nonmarket valuation of acequias: Stakeholder analysisâ€? Metals concentration in soils adjacent to waste depositsâ€? Polyelectrolyte - surfactant complexesâ€? Modelling of sorption equilibrium of Cr(vi) on isomorphic substituted Mg/Zn-Al - type hydrotalcitesâ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25206

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
Include urmatoarele articole:� "Waste not, want not" a study of household attitude toward recycling of solid wastes� A kinetic model for the crystal violet mineralization in water by the electro- fenton process� Development of a coagulation/flocculation predictive model for turbidity removal from tehran water treatment plants� Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat: Equilibrium study� Environmental sustainability based on fuzzy models� Impact of dust emi...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25207

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole:� Synthesis of Ferrierite/ZSM-35 type zeolite with ethylenediamine as template� Recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid from wastewaters by reactive extraction 1. Extraction mechanism and influencing factors� Relationships between metals extent and cytological characteristics at Prunus persica L. pollen� Smoke Emissions From Diesel Vehicles: A Case Study� Carbon dioxide generation - implications for romanian pulp and paper industry � Enhanced decolorization of ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25208

Microwave-assisted chemistry. A review of environmental applications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe extraction of some pollutants from different matrices, the treatment of hazardous and infectious wastes, the destruction of refractory compounds and the prevention of noxious emissions are the main environmental applications of microwave-assisted chemistry. The advantages and disadvantages of this technique are also considered....
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Georgiana G. Surpăţeanu, Mioara Surpăţeanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25217

Environmental pollution with VOCs and possibilities for emission treatment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractVolatile organic compounds (VOCs) constitutes an important class of environmental pollutants, which, together with other contaminants as NOx, SOx, CO, NH3, CO2 etc. participate in degradation of atmosphere and exhibit a potential risk for human health. VOC emissions may be generated in more than 25 percentages through the use of solvents in different industrial or house holding activities. For applying a certain plan concerning the pollution reduction, any user of organic solvents contai...
Autori: Florin Bandrabur, Ion Balasanian, Liliana Lazar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25218

Obtaining and characterization of romanian zeolite supporting silver ions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe aim of this work was to obtain Ag - doped zeolite as antibacterial material using natural and sodium form of zeolite from Mirsid Romania with the dimensions ranged between 0.8-1.2 mm. The comparative structural characterization of natural and Ag - doped zeolite were performed using Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS), X-ray Diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), and Infrared Spectroscopy (IR). In addition, the ion exchange total ...
Autori: Aurel Iovi, Corina Orha, Cornelia Ratiu, Florica Manea, Georgeta Burtica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25220

Synthesis, characterization and catalytic reduction of NOx emissions over LaMnO3 Perovskite
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe perovskite structure was synthesized by sol-gel method type citrate. Three perovskite LaMnO3 samples were obtained after calcination and were characterized by XRD, XPS and TPR. The catalytic testing was carried out in SCR-HC equipment (HC=C3H6 and C3H6 respectively) in presence and also in absence of oxygen atmosphere. The results pointed out a good activity in NOx reduction but only in oxygen absence. As it was expecting, LaMnO3 perovskite has shown a good activity for hydrocarbons ...
Autori: Helmut Papp, Ion Balasanian, Liliana-Mihaela Chirilă, Wladimir Suprun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25222

Urban traffic pollution reduction using an intelligent video semaphoring system
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe present paper suggests making an intelligent video system of command over crossroads with traffic lights, its main goal being diminishing road congestion, a better traffic speed of vehicles, diminishing the environment pollution and improvement of negative effects that vehicle concentration has over the physical and psychological state of the population....
Autori: Codrin Donciu, Marinel Temneanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25224

Methods and procedures for environmental risk assessment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThis work presents the state of the art of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment methodologies in a variety of fields. Because risk exists in all ranges of human activity, both private and professional, risk assessment is an attempt to analyze precipitating causes of risk in order to more efficiently reduce its probability and effects. Numerous methodological guidelines within the field of environmental science exist to provide guidance for a risk assessment program, although the ...
Autori: , , Florentina Anca Căliman, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25226

Impact of dust emission on plant vegetation in the vicinity of cement plant
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractEnvironment is a major issue which confronts industry and business in today's world on daily basis. Different industrial activities are degrading various environmental components like water, air, soil and plant vegetation. Cement industry is one of the 17 most polluting industries listed by the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB). The Jaypee Rewa Cement Cement industry, Rewa, Madhaya Pradesh is located between 24o 33' North longitude and 81o 10' east latitude and is situated at Jay Pr...
Autori: Baby Sunisha, Nagpure Ajay Singh, Shrivastava Preeti, Shukla Ravindra Nath, Shukla Sudheer Kumar, Singh Deepali, Vivek Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25233

Evaluation of lead pollution in Bucharest. Part II: Theoretical aspects of risk management strategy for impact of lead on human health
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractDespite its well known toxic effects, lead continues to be a part of modern life. Lead concentrations in the environment have increased steadily throughout history, with a huge increase when lead became a common additive to paint and gasoline. Although the use of lead in gasoline and most paint has been banned in many countries, there are still many ways for lead to be released on the environment. The effects of lead on human health have been the subject of significant international exam...
Autori: Alina Murariu, Aurelia Meghea, Ioana Lacatusu, Mihaela Mihai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25244

Carbon dioxide generation - implications for romanian pulp and paper industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractAs a member of the European Union, and as part of the Kyoto Protocol, Romania has the obligation to implement environmental legislation regarding greenhouse gases (GHG) and to take appropiate actions for emissions reduction. The paper deals with Romanian GHG legislation and with its requirements concerning monitoring, reporting and reduction of GHG emissions, within the field of pulp and paper manufacturing....
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25246

Smoke Emissions From Diesel Vehicles: A Case Study
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractWith a greater emphasis on the increasing number of diesel vehicles provided with pollution control systems complying to regulatory standards these days than ever before, it is also necessary to look into the emission characteristics of the diesel vehicles with respect to vehicle-related parameters with a view to ascertain as to how the tail pipe emission from the diesel vehicles could be kept under control by adopting suitable strategies. Considering the constraints of data collection a...
Autori: Manoranjan Parida, Mishra Rajeev Kumar, Pandey Govind
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25248

Effects of coagulants on the DCS accumulation in process water of papermaking
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractAdvanced closing of paper machine circuits results in the accumulation of the dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS) in the process water. At a critical concentration, the DCS are destabilizing even by small variations in paper machine parameters, producing operational and product quality problems. This article presents results of lab experiments simulating the process water recycling in short circuit of paper machine, without and with addition of fixing agents. Tests were performing w...
Autori: Dan Belosinschi, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25261

Sustainable combined utilization of renewable forest resources and coal in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractAs answer to European Community politics, in Romania the researches for waste reworking and ecological treatment are developing. The researches are focusing on wood wastes for its recovery in energy purposes. The purpose is the enlargement of superior coal utilization area obtained from Jiu Valley coal field, for increasing the efficiency of heating installations for domestic consumption, concordantly to European and Romanian pollutions regulations.Combined utilization of the fuel compos...
Autori: Camelia Bădulescu, Eugen Traistă, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Maria Orban, Valeriu Plesea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25267

Remediation techniques for contaminated soils
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractSoil pollution causes significant damage to the environment and human health as a result of their mobilities and solubilities.Significant progress has been made in regulating soil pollution, with a parallel development of methodologies for soil assessmentand remediation. The selection of the most appropriate soil and sediment remediation method depend on site characteristics, concentration, type of pollutants to be removed, and the end use of the contaminated medium. The approach include...
Autori: Attar Singh Sheoran, Poonia Poonam, Vimla Sheoran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25291

Opportunities and barriers for development of biogas technologies in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe development of technologies for waste treatment, simultaneously with minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, has become a matter of great concern at global level. Biogas systems can help in the fight against global warming by avoiding to escape methane from organic waste, into the atmosphere. Biogas technology is of great benefit to the end-users and the environment by energy, compost and nutrient recovery. Romania is a country with a huge biomass potential. Implementing of biogas techn...
Autori: , Corina Alice Babutanu, Gheorghe Băran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25300

Combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass brichettes in a boiler test facility
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe use of composite fuels using pitcoal and sawdust represents a high perspective. The paper deals with the experimental results focusing on the combustion efficiency of composite fuel briquettes and on the polluting emissions level. A special care is given to the determination of boiler efficiency and to the establishment of exploiting economic conditions, like the supply, cleaning etc. The research of the combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass briquettes is conducted on a 55 kW boiler.A n...
Autori: Gabriel Negreanu, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Ion Oprea, Ionel Pisa, Lucian Mihăescu, Radu Indries, Tudor Prisecaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25301

Integration of biorefinery clusters towards zero emissions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractDepletion of world recourses, increasing pollution, and climate change make us shift from linear economy to system economy - an economy of technologies integrated to reach a non-polluting zero emissions production system. Transition to renewable resources requires replacement the present crude oil refinery by biomass refinery. Along with conventional biomass refinery technologies bioengineering and nano-technologies become significant players of systems in the design of clusters of integ...
Autori: Arnis Kokorevics, Janis Abolins, Janis Gravitis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25304

Energy from biomass in pulp and paper mills
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractPulp and paper mills generate various quantities of energy-rich biomass as wastes, depending on technological level, pulp and paper grades and wood quality. These wastes are produced in all stages of the process: wood preparation, pulp and paper manufacture, chemical recovery, recycled paper processing, waste water treatment. Energy recovery from wastes of different origin has become a generally accepted alternative to their disposal. Pulp and paper industry expresses an interest in adap...
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25307

Biomass - A source of chemicals and energy for sustainable development
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractNowadays, energetic utilization of biomass, biotechnology attracts a big attention not only from the environmental point of view but also have a social, political and economical impact. According to the Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and the European Council the emission of greenhouse gases can be reduced by 49% using bioethanol produced by a manufacturing process based on corn, instead of crude oil based fuels. Moreover in Hungary from 1st of July 2007 only gasoline wit...
Autori: , , Gyula Marton, , Jenő Hancsók, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25312

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
Include urmatoarele articole:� Biomass - A source of chemicals and energy for sustainable development � Equilibrium study of Pb(II) and Hg(II) sorption from aqueous solutions by moss peat� Wood-based epoxy resins and the ramie fiber reinforced composites� Studies on the interaction between birch veneer and compounds with biocide potential action� Effect of methanogenic inhibitors, inocula type, and temperature on biohydrogen production from food components� Energy from biomass in pul...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25313

Determination of major and minor elements in milk through ICP-AES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractMilk products are a very important human nutrient since their consumption has increased in recent years. Good quality measurements are essential to control and maintain milk products and processes quality, both in manufacturing, trade and in research. The presence of toxic elements in powdered and liquid milk may create significant health problems for people. The aim of this paper was to determine the content of major and minor elements in different milk samples, sold in major supermarke...
Autori: Alina Soceanu, Gabriela Stanciu, , Simona Dobrinas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25320

Earth oil extraction - major environmental pollution source
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe work presents the negative environmental impact produced by an extraction of crude oil activity. To highlight and quantify the negative effects on the environment produced from such activity, the experimental part has been focused on evidence of samples of soil, water from groundwater aquifers and surface, and the air emissions. The values of quality indicators are presented in graphs and tables, highlighting an activity with all major impact on the environment....
Autori: Aurica Grec, Corneliu Maior
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25326

Environmental impact assessment induced by an industrial unit of basic chemical organic compounds synthesis using the alternative method of global pollution index
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractThe technological process of basic chemical organic compounds synthesis is included among the economic activities that can affect the environment quality. The environmental impact of chemical organic synthesis is evaluated using the alternative method of global pollution index that considers the concentric circles graphical methodology proposing a scale of the arithmetic mean values for the evaluation scores of each environmental components (e.g. water resources, gaseous emission, soil a...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Ilie Murăraşu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25352

GHG emissions evaluation from fossil fuel with CCS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractA present challenge for research is to determine how to use the combination of oil, gas and coal most efficiently with the minimum environmental damage. In this paper the authors have compared technologies to produce the electricity using natural gas and coal. The objective of this paper consists in evaluation of the life cycle assessment of the natural gas and coal in order to compare their greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. In this way, three systems with and without CCS were examined: ...
Autori: Adrian-Alexandru Badea, Cristian Dincă, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Tiberiu Apostol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25355

Sonic solution for the reduction of weight of the wind tower nacelle
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractThe paper presents an original method, as well as a calculus mode of the main hydraulic parameters, for the transfer of the aeolian power from the nacelle of the tower to its base. The system proposes the existence in the nacelle of a two-, three- or poly- phased sonic generator, from which the obtained energy is transferred by some pipes to the base of the tower, where this can be easily  transformed in electric energy. The paper treats the two-phase variant. An important consequen...
Autori: Ioan I. Pop, Ioana Denes-Pop
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25356

Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in different stages of Capsicum annuum (pepper) and Solanum lycopersicum (tomato) growing
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractPolycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are included in the European Community (EC) and in the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) priority pollutant list due to their mutagenic and carcinogenic properties. PAHs emissions from automobile traffic and industry activities were shown to influence the PAHs levels and profiles in vegetables grown nearby. The levels of 15 PAHs were determinate in samples of pepper (Capsicum Annuum) and tomato (SolanumLlycopersicum) in different stages of plan...
Autori: Alina Soceanu, Dan Tiberius Epure, Gabriela Stanciu, Simona Dobrinas, Valentina Coatu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25360

Trend in exhaust emissions from in-use gasoline vehicles
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractThe main goal of this study is to determine the trend in exhaust concentrations during the last 12 years. Accordingly, a nondisperse infrared gas analyzer was used to measure the concentrations of carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrocarbons (HC) emitted from vehicle exhaust. A total of 449 vehicles distributed across model years ranging between 1968 and 2005 were tested under idling conditions. The results indicated that there is a strong relationship between the age of the vehicle and the con...
Autori: Kamel Al Zboon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25365

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
Include urmatoarele articole:� CsHSO4/mesoporous silica composites - new electrolytes for solid acid fuel cells� Trend in exhaust emissions from in-use gasoline vehicles� Analysis of distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors for bacterial broths� Electrochemical characteristics of Ti6Al7Nb alloy in Ringer's solution� Pulsed high voltage discharge technology as a new method for killing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cells� Hydrodynamic modelling of pollution with LNAPL gene...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25367

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole:� Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 2� Bioengineering aspects of tissues culture bioreactors for medicine and environmental applications� Removal of bis (1-chloro-2-propyl) ether from wastewater using sonodegradation and biodegradation� A novel plasma reactor for toluene decomposition in contaminated air flow� Study of the copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions by chelating resin Purolite S930 � Analysis of some metal levels...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25371

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
� Bioremediation of contaminated air using a bioscrubber� Quality risk evaluation of the groundwater resources on the moldavian area� Electrochemical characterization of some dental materials in accelerated environmental testing� Preliminary study of simple and Fenton oxidation with hydrogen peroxide applied on final effluents from a zootechnical farm� The environmental impact assessment caused by the dykes failure� Revaluation of beer industry byproducts – medical implications� ...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25372

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
� Photocatalytic properties of titania - fly ash thin films� Study of the viscosity of some biodiesel – diesel oil blends� Aspects refering to technical and leaching properties of the secondary aluminium slags - cement composites� Studies regarding phenol and 4-chlorophenol sorption by surfactant modified zeolites� Cu-Ni nanostructured electrocatalysts obtained by electrocodeposition� Molecularly imprinted poly (vinyl alcohol) films for the selective absorption of glycyrrhizinic ac...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25373

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
� Photocatalytic properties of titania - fly ash thin films� Study of the viscosity of some biodiesel – diesel oil blends� Aspects refering to technical and leaching properties of the secondary aluminium slags - cement composites� Studies regarding phenol and 4-chlorophenol sorption by surfactant modified zeolites� Cu-Ni nanostructured electrocatalysts obtained by electrocodeposition� Molecularly imprinted poly (vinyl alcohol) films for the selective absorption of glycyrrhizinic ac...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25374

Application of inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) based analysis for water quality control
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe quantification of heavy metals presence in the environment is a very important aspect regarding water quality control. The limits for those metals are very well established by Romanian laws and the essence of every validation report is to prove that the method, the apparatus and the operator can reach the established limits. In the present paper such a validation report is presented, proving the appropriate use of Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AE...
Autori: Irina Dumitriu, , Ioana Raluca Bunghez, Rodica - Mariana Ion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25380

Minimization of cutting fluids ecological impact by near dry machining
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper analyses a new technology for minimizing the use of metalworking fluids (MWF) during the machining process. Despite the fact that near dry machining (NDM) produces almost similar cutting performance to conventional flood supply machining while using much less MWF, for being fully utilized in industry is necessary to research ecological impact of these machining techniques. To take full advantage of minimal quantity lubrication (MQL) technique and expand its applicability, an u...
Autori: Domnita Florina Fratila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25382

Research on the use of environmentally friendly additives in the building industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe use of adhesives for floor covering have been deeply modified for longtime, by formulations of polymer-based products in aqueous dispersion as an alternative to organic solvents. These advances envisaged ways for obtaining nonpolluting products. Developing these adhesives required the parallel development of methods for monitoring and analyzing the emissions over time. This paper shows the results of some research devoted to identify the indoor presence of volatile organic compounds ...
Autori: Irina Ioniţă, Domnica Ciobanu, Monica Tulbure, Iulian Tanţoş
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25388

Plant protection products and their sustainable and environmentally friendly use
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Protection of plants from diseases, pests and weeds plays a decisive role in agricultural development, as an essential part in planning and policy of numerous countries. Since the plant protection products are mainly chemicals and may be not only poisonous for humans and fauna, but they may also pollute water bodies, ground water and soil with hazardous pollutants, their use have to be environmentally friendly and sustainable. The paper discuss some aspects of benefits and risks con...
Autori: Manuela Olga Pogăcean, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25405

Methodology for real estate appraisal of green value
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Green buildings are considered a quick and effective approach to protect the environment by slowing down the consumption rate of primary energy resources and by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In Europe, appraisals of properties should take into consideration this new feature of buildings by implementing data from Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) into real estate assessment. With this respect, a methodology is proposed and analyzed to be considered in the sales comparison rea...
Autori: Daniela Popescu, Emilia Cerna Mladin, Rodica Boazu, Sven Bienert
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25406

Environmental monitoring of co emissions: Statistical character of acquired data
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract A set of experimental data resulted from environmental monitoring and its informational content has to be revealed and checked for its statistical character. As a result in this paper the aim was to verify if the environmental monitoring data obtained for a specific air pollutant monitored during three years presents statistical properties. Based on the results obtained by applying statistical requirements such as fixed location, fixed variation, randomness and fixed distribution, a ...
Autori: Irina Meghea, Mihaela Mihai, Ioana Lacatusu, Tiberiu Apostol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25410

Preparation and characterization of sodium alginatechitosan microparticles for controlled release of ibuprofen in a sustainable way
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The preparation of microspheres containing chitosan, sodium alginate and ibuprofen and the pH dependent drug release were investigated. The microspheres were prepared by two experimental routes: the first one starting with a chitosan/ibuprofen core subsequently coated by an alginate shell (S1) and the second one based on an alginate/ibuprofen core, later coated by a chitosan layer (S2). The physical-chemical characterization was done by using Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Atomic Fo...
Autori: Luminiţa Elena Balău, Nicolae Aelenei, Marcel Ionel Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25412

Iron containing anionic clays supported with iron and cerium oxides as catalyst precursors for NOx reduction
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract A facile and straightforward synthesis route, based on the anionic clay structural â€?memory effect??, has been used to obtain Fe2O3 or CeO2 supported on iron substituted hydrotalcite-like clay (FeLDH). The surface properties of the metal oxide / anionic clay ensembles were studies by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). After calcination at 550°C the derived mixed oxides were tested as new catalysts in the process of the selective catalytic reduction (SCR) of NOx using NH3...
Autori: Gabriela Carja, Sofronia Dranca, Elena Husanu, Irina Volf
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25413

Utilization of coal fly ash from power plants II. Geopolymer obtaining
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Study of geopolymer is a developing field of research for capitalizing solid waste and by-products in the view of new materials achievement having characteristics necessary for using as cement substitute. Also, it provides a solution to many problems regarding environment, such as reduction of gaseous emissions and particles matter resulted from cement industry and raw materials economy. In this paper, the experimental conditions for obtaining new materials on the basis of fly ash f...
Autori: Maria Harja, , Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25419

Reactive dyes removal from wastewater by combined advanced treatment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Textile industry is one of the most pollutant and water consuming industries. Large quantities of water are required in materials preparation and dyeing, so consumption and waste generation have become serious concerns for textile manufacturers and finishers. Textile effluents are characterized by high values of quality indicators such as BOD and COD, suspended solids and heavy metals. A serious environmental problem and also an aesthetic problem is the color of the effluent. Reactiv...
Autori: Daniela Cailean, George Barjoveanu, Corina - Petronela Musteret, Liliana Rozemarie Manea, Nicolae Sulitanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25420

Evolution of emissions of heavy metals in Vaslui County
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Elaboration of the inventory of the pollutants emissions in atmosphere constitutes the basis for elaboration of the strategies and reglementations, assessment of the trends in evolutions of emissions, modeling of the pollutants dispersions, analysis of new sources, establishment of emission taxes, compliance with legislation, as well as review of existing reglementation and standards regarding the air quality. The current paper describes both the evolution of the emissions of the he...
Autori: Mihaela Budianu, Mihai Nicu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25422

Carbon dioxide emission associated with the production of plastics - A comparison of production from crude oil and recycling for the dutch case
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Literature data show that in general, plastics produced through the mechanical recycling route involve less carbon dioxide emission than when produced from crude oil. A review of readily available data shows that road transport of untreated waste plastics account for a significant portion of the carbon dioxide emission generated during recycling. Therefore, much carbon dioxide emission can be saved by optimizing the logistics in the recycling of plastics. On the example of polyolefi...
Autori: Peter C. Rem, Stig Olsen, Jan-Henk Welink, Norbert Fraunholcz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25442

Energy conservation and CO2 emissions reduction for clinker portland cement manufacturing process
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract At present, dangerous industrial wastes are a main source of environmental pollution because they are stored and deposited improperly. Besides, dangerous industrial wastes could also be a source of secondary raw materials which are not well capitalized. This fact causes substantial losses of secondary raw materials and energy and it is explained by the lack of certain technologies of treatment, capitalization and final removal that are technically and economically sustainable. To ide...
Autori: Neculai Mihailescu, Vasilica Daescu, Elena Holban, Mariana Nicoleta Badea, Jenica Paceagiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25447

The eco-impact of small hydro implementation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The development of energy from renewable resources is a very important action in the reduction of CO2 emissions. Hydropower is a renewable source able to reduce the CO2 emissions by more than 67 million tons / year. The paper analyzes a small hydropower plant to be implemented in Brasov region, from the environmental point of view. The reduction in the CO2 emissions brought by the small hydro is estimated by taking into account an ex-ante emission factor, based on validated and regis...
Autori: Codruta Jaliu, Dorin Diaconescu, Mircea Neagoe, Radu Saulescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25466

Nanoparticle-based materials for catalysis
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Highly dispersed nanoparticles of transition and noble metals are utilized for hydrocarbon reactions and rearrangements important to the chemical industry. The need to obtain 1 to 3 nm particles with narrow size distributions has prompted the development of alternative processing methods. Due to widespread speculation concerning the enhanced properties of nanoparticles over their bulk and atomic material equivalents, nanoparticle synthesis has become an active field of research withi...
Autori: , Irina Dumitriu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25482

Gold nanoparticles for biological target conjugates
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Nanotechnologies may have properties of self-assembly, stability, specificity, drug encapsulation and biocompatibility as a result of their material composition. Nano-particles are being actively developed for tumour imaging in vivo, bio-molecular profiling of cancer biomarkers, and targeted drug delivery. These particles are stable, environmentally benign, and their chemical properties can be easily tailored by chemically modifying their surfaces. Conjugated with pharmacological a...
Autori: Simona-Florentina Pop, ,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25484

Cu-Ni nanostructured electrocatalysts obtained by electrocodeposition
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract A simple method to synthesize copper, nickel and Cu-Ni nanotubes in alumina membrane by direct electrochemical deposition technique is presented. This work is divided into three main parts: - elaboration of the nanostructured metals supported on Cu and Ni electroconductive support; - SEM - EDX characterization of nanodeposits; - electrochemical characterization of the nanostructured electrodes; Cu and Cu-Ni nanostructures were obtained by deposition through an alumina membrane (...
Autori: Maria Jitaru, Ana-Maria Toma, Mihaela-Claudia Tertis, Ancuta Trifoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25496

Evaluation of petroleum contaminants in soil by fluorescence spectroscopy
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Preliminary investigation of contaminated soil in the surrounding area of a petroleum tank has been carried out based on fluorescence techniques: excitation emission matrix (EEM) and synchronous fluorescence scan (SFS). A fluorescence fingerprints library containing several EEM and SFS maps for various dilutions of Romanian crude oil in methanol, was used to confirm the identity of the soil contaminant. A calibration curve was created to estimate the contamination level of soil sampl...
Autori: Dan Savastru, Elfrida M. Carstea, Gabriela Pavelescu, Luminita Cristescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25505

Reducing of pollutants emissions and heavy liquid fuels consumption in boilers by using of additives
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The paper presents the experimental results, obtained using a pilot installation and hot-water boilers for reducing the pollutants emissions in combustion of heavy liquid fuels by using of additives for catalyzing of burning processes. The experiments were made using additives based on iron and cerium carboxylates. Experimental results, which are presented both in variant of heavy liquid fuels burning with additives and without additives, highlight the reducing of pollutants emissio...
Autori: Aurel Gaba, Stefania Iordache, Mircea Vladescu, Dan Ungureanu, Petrica Vizureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25509

Alignment of the manufacturing technologies of automotive metallic component to the environment european directives
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Alignment of the manufacture technologies to the environment European directives requirements represents a modern approach of the environment issues considered as integrant part of the lasting development which will represent one of the connecting ways of the Romanian economy to the globalization process. In the present work a pertinent study is made regarding the harmonizing into the limits imposed by the environment European directives (Dir. 99/13/CE, Dir. 76/464/CEE and Dir. 2000/...
Autori: Stefan Velicu, Petrica Corabieru, Dumitru Zait, Anisoara Corabieru, Dan Dragos Vasilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25518

Environmentally friendly industrial technologies: Case studies
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Nowadays the global climate change is one of the most significant questions from environmental, social, political and economic point of views. Global warming caused by green house gases emitted into the air is a result of the human activities (Energy Revolution, 2005-2007). The majority of the industrial processes has significant impact to human life and deteriorates the natural environment. In this paper different technologies (three industrial technologies) will be dealt with spec...
Autori: Zsofia Kovacs, Orsolya Kakucs, Janos Lako, , Tamas Fulop, Tatiana Yuzhakova, , Endre Domokos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25545

Assessment of the environmental impacts generated by rubber processing activity
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This work presents a global approach of the impact generated in the environment by rubber processing activity. The objective analyzed as a case study is a company that produces rubber tires for trucks and industrial vehicles. The experimental part includes the determination of quality indicators for each environmental factor (air, water, soil) and the evaluation of environmental impact on these factors. Determination of the environmental quality indicators was done by sampling and a...
Autori: Aurica Grec, Florin Dumescu, Corneliu Maior
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25547

Inter-cities transfer of a transportation project
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract Transferability process identifies the transportation projects which could be implemented successfully in different cities in order to encourage the good practices. This paper proposes a method to evaluate the environmental efficiency of a project by using a hybrid approach based on utility theory and data mining techniques. Transferability principle is applied to show the environmental efficiency of an access controlled area in the hyper centre of two different cities. COPERT III te...
Autori: Catalin Popescu, Luminita Ion, Tatiana Cucu, Jean-Marie Boussier, Augustin Mitu, Daniela Uta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25560

Particulate matter pollution in university area: Traffic flow analysis
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract University campuses can be seen as �small cities’ due to their high population (students, professors, employees) and corresponding high traffic flow, which may have a significant impact on both environment and people health. The objective of this work was to analyze particulate matter seasonal trends in the university area of Cosenza (University of Calabria). The relationship between sources emission, meteorological parameters and particle properties was defined. Sampling was co...
Autori: Monica Filice, Pierantonio De Luca, Giuseppe Piero Guido
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25564

Analysis of factors determining the behaviour of chromium in some romanian soils
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Chromium (Cr) is one of the most common metal contaminants in soil because of its use in ore refining, production of steel and alloys, metal plating, tanneries, wood preservation, and pigmentation. In soil environment, the most stable oxidation states of chromium are Cr (III) and Cr (VI). While Cr (III) is considered an essential trace element for the functioning of living organisms, Cr (VI) is toxic and carcinogenic to humans via inhalation for long exposures, since it is easily sol...
Autori: Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu, Raluca Maria Hlihor, Vasile Lucian Pavel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25590

Researches on the negative effects assessment (slugging, clogging, ash deposits) developed at the biomass-coal co-firing
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Using biomass in combustion, as a renewable source of energy, from ecological and economic considerations, sets special demands for control of the co-firing process. The paper aimed to study the problems like slugging, clogging and ash deposits formed on heat exchange surfaces during the co-firing process of agricultural biomass with coal. There are identifies the main factors that influence the formation of flying ash deposits and corrosion process. Most problems of co-firing proces...
Autori: Corina Rădulescu, Danut Vairenu, Elena Popa, Gheorghe Lazaroiu, Ionel Pisa, Lucian Mihăescu, Simona Zamfir, Tudor Prisecaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25600

Catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation of 4-chlorophenol over iron-exchanged clays
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Chlorophenols were selected for this study because most of them are toxic and difficult to biodegrade. They represent a particular group of priority toxic pollutants listed by the US EPA in the Clean Water Act and by the European Decision 2455/2001/EC. The efficiency of advanced oxidation processes for degradation of chlorophenols has been extensively documented. The catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation process, involving oxidation with H2O2 and solid catalysts in mild reaction ...
Autori: Brindusa Dragoi, , Cezar Catrinescu, Daniela Arsene
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25601

Analysis of distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors for fungus broths 1. Suspensions of P. Chrysogenum free mycelia
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Unlike the P. shermanii and S. cerevisiae cultures, the study on the distribution of oxygen transfer in stirred bioreactor for P. chrysogenum free mycelia broths indicated that this process is controlled mainly by the high apparent viscosity of broths, and less by the presence of fungus biomass. For this reason, the influence of fungus accumulation on the reduction of kla is attenuated compared with that obtained for bacterial or yeasts broths. The lower influence of fungus biomass i...
Autori: Anca-Irina Galaction, Dan Caşcaval, Marius Turnea, Stefanica Camarut
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25606

Environmental hazards and anaerobic treatment of wastewaters generated in alcohol industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Finding solutions to the waste problems generated by human activity represents a high concern of authorities and environment specialists for many years. Furthermore, energy conservation and reduction of the dependency from fossil fuels represents a top priority of governmental organizations at world level. The developments in alcohol industry have resulted in the increase of wastewaters which are highly polluted with organic substances, causing environmental pollution hazards. A wide...
Autori: Carmen Mateescu, Ionel Constantinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25626

Assessment of Jajrood river watershed microbial pollution: Sources and fates
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The Jajrood River watershed is one of the main drinking water resources of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. In addition it provides many recreational usages. However, a variety of microbial pollutions is commonly perceived in the Jajrood River, among them a high concentration of coliform group bacteria that has caused strong concerns. In this article, different aspects of microbial pollution as well as the main microbial pollution sources in the region are discussed. Coliform group ...
Autori: Mahdi Jamshidi, Mahdi Maghrebi, Masoud Tajrishy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25627

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 6
? RESEARCH ON NaCl SALINE AEROSOLS I. NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL SOURCES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS ? DECISION SUPPORT MODELS FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ? AN OVERVIEW ? POLICY AND STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING SUSTAINABLE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES ? APPLICATION OF SHALLOW POND SYSTEM USING WATER HYACINTH FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF HIGH TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) AND HEAVY METAL SALTS ? TRENDS OF THE COMMUNITARIAN COHESION POLICIES AND ADVERTISING FOR EC...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25658

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 7
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 7
? MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLING AND TREATMENT OF RESULTING LIQUID EFFLUENTS ? ROMANIA: ENTREPRENEURIAL VALUES AND SUSTAINABILITY ? THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF WOODEN BRIQUETTES USED AS RENEWABLE FUEL ? ECO-FRIENDLY EXTRACTION AND SEPARATION METHODS OF CAPSAICINES ? ADDRESSING ISSUES OF GEOENVIRONMENTAL RISKS IN DOBRUJA, ROMANIA/BULGARIA ? ADSORPTION OF 2,4-DINITROPHENOL AND 2,6-DINITROPHENOL ONTO ORGANOCLAYS AND INORGANIC-ORGANIC PILLARED CLAYS ? APPLICATION O...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25659

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 9
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 9
? STUDY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM OILSEED PLANTS II. EVALUATION OF BIODISEL PRODUCTION FROM SOME CULTIVARS OF RAPES ? STUDY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM OILSEED PLANTS I. EVALUATION OF THE GENETIC SIMILARITY OF SOME Brassica Napus CULTIVARS USING RAPD MARKERS ? STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION AND IN VITRO CYTOTOXIC POTENTIAL OF COAL DUST IN A ROMANIAN POWER PLANT ? MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BENGHAZI (LIBYA): CURRENT PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES ? COMPARATIVE ENVIRONM...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25661

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 10
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 10
? AN ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHLOROPHENOLS FROM WASTEWATER ? ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: A PSYCHOLOGICAL-BEHAVIORAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHERS ? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: DYNAMICS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN SOILS CULTIVATED WITH MAIZE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ? SOLAR-ASSISTED JOULE-BRAYTON ENGINES USED TO REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ? STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HEATING SYSTEMS ? MIXED JET-VORTEX METHOD FOR ...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25662

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 12
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 12
? POST-DARCY FILTRATION THROUGH RIGID PERMEABLE MEDIA ? BIOSORPTION OF Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS ONTO Hydrilla verticillata WEED: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES ? IMPACT OF BUILDING A TIDAL GATE ON THE YONGJIANG RIVER IN CHINA ? MONITORING OF THE HYDROTECHNICAL TORRENT CONTROL STRUCTURES: A STATISTICAL APPROACH ? RESEARCH ON SOIL PROPERTIES CONSERVATION DURING THE PREPARATION OF GERMINATION BEDS IN GREENHOUSES ? MANAGEMENT OF THE POTATO CROPS FOR MIN...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25664

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 2
? Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 4 ? THE PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENTS USING VOLATILE INHIBITORS ? CONTINUOUS SURFACE TEMPERATURE MONITORING TO ESTIMATE SENSIBLE HEAT LOSS BY BUILDING FINISHES ? RECYCLE OF POLYAMIDE DYEING WASTEWATER FOLLOWING DECOLORIZATION WITH POLYMERIC SORBENTS ? PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AMINO ACID SALT-BASED COMPLEX ABSORBENTS FOR CO2 CAPTURE ? ADSORPTION EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES ON COPPER (II) IONS REMOVAL BY NATURAL WASTE USIN...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25666

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 4
? EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CURRENT ON H2/ H2O2 GENERATION IN NON-THERMAL PLASMA GLIDING ARC REACTORS ? ADVANCES IN THE VISUALIZATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL SEISMIC VOLUME DATA ? CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FROM A PATIENT MONITOR ? METHODS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE REDUCTION IN ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC SIGNAL ACQUISITION ? SPHERICAL MODEL OF THE HUMAN HEAD EXPOSED TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ? BRAIN ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY RECORDING IN SOME ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONM...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25667

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 5
? HYDROGEL MICROSPHERES BASED ON ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY POLYMERS WITH POTENTIAL BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS ? STUDY ON THE MIXING EFFICIENCY IN A BASKET BIOREACTOR WITH IMMOBILIZED YEASTS CELLS ? MANAGEMENT OF WASTE FROM ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT IN CYPRUS ? A CASE STUDY ? SEPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ANTHOCYANINS BY ANALYTICAL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL METHODS ? AN INTEGRATED DECISION AID FOR IDENTIFYING AND PRIORITIZING STRATEGIES IN FOREST MANAGEMENT ? INFLUEN...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25668

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT FOR CARBON EMISSION OF PLATE GLASS INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Carbon issue is becoming more important all over the world. Plate glass is a typical kind of building materials and the life cycle carbon emission of plate glass is a big contributor, resulting from the energy consumption in the stages of its life cycle which includes four aspects: raw materials acquirement, materials transportation, production and embodied consumption of energy carriers. Based on the relevant data calculation from China’s condition, the life cycle carbon emission of plate gla...
Autori: Meng Liu, Wenlong Li, Qunying Cheng, Yueer He, Xinyun Caohttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25672

EFFECT OF THE INCYLINDER FORCED SWIRLS ON PERFORMANCE AND EMISSION OF DIESEL ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
The combustion process plays the important role to improve performance and emission of diesel engine. To improve the rate of combustion process, the fuel-air mixing process should be accelerated. In this paper, based on the Double Swirl combustion chamber, from the macroscopic characteristics and simulation analysis, the effect of the incylinder forced swirls on performance and emission of diesel engine was studied. The results indicated that due to the incylinder forced swirls, the distribution...
Autori: Chang-Yuan Wang, Fu-Shui Liu, Xiang-Rong Lihttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25673

TREND ANALYSIS OF WET DEPOSITION IN NANNING CITY DURING 1991-2004
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
The variation of acidity and the wet deposition fluxes of rainwater in Nanning City were analyzed based on the local acid rain monitoring data provided by environmental protection authorities from 1991 to 2004. The result shows that the annual value of pH is less than 5.6 in the past 14 years and the wet deposition has been getting more and more severe in Nanning. The ratio of SO42-/NO3 - has decreased. NO3 - has played an increasingly large role in acidity, though SO4 2- remains a key player. T...
Autori: Feng-qin Zheng, Guo-liang Liao, Hai-hong Huang, Yu-chun Mo, Shen-xian Wuhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25678

SIMULATING HUMAN-INDUCED CHANGES OF WATER RESOURCES IN THE UPPER XILIAOHE RIVER BASIN, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Human activities can considerably change water resources of river basins. This is particularly true in Laohahe River Basin (LRB) located in upper Xiliaohe River in northern China, where intensive irrigation has resulted in almost full cessation of the water inflow, as well as the drastic drop in underground water level. The impact induced by climate change effects and human activities on stream flow changes in LRB was weighed up and distinguished by using Soil and Water Assessment Tool. Simulati...
Autori: Hao Lu, Zhang Xiaoyu, Gao Jingminhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25680

ELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF MUSTARD WASTEWATER USING CARBON PAPER ELECTRODE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Treatment of mustard wastewater with high salinity and organic concentration by electrochemical degradation was studied. The influence of the critical parameters of electro-oxidation such as pH, current density, salt concentration and energy consumption on the removal efficiency of COD and NH3-N was studied using porous carbon electrode. It was found that the COD and NH3-N removal efficiency could be enhanced by increasing pH, current density and salt concentration. The current density of 0.032A...
Autori: Hainan Ai, Qiang He, Hongxiang Chai, Xuebin Hu, Tengrui Longhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25685

SIMULATION OF DENOX MASS BALANCE BASED ON VISUAL COMPONENT LIBRARY (VCL)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Mass and energy balance calculation is the premise and key of the SCR (Selective Catalyst Reduction) DeNOx system design. However, the traditional calculation method is too complicated. In this paper, the author designed E-R data model for DeNOx system, simulated mass and energy transfer process, and developed visual calculation software based on VCL (visual component library) after studying the principle of SCR and data structure of DeNOx system. Comparing the ammonia demand and flue gas volume...
Autori: Yungui Du, Qirong Wu, Xiu Yang, Yu Yuhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25688

CO2 REDUCTION BY CLATHRATE HYDRATE CRYSTALLIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
It is a promising way for CO2 capture and sequestration by hydrates crystallization. In this study, the characteristics of CO2 hydrate formation are investigated in a small scale dynamic reactor under pressure conditions from 2.0-3.5 MPa and temperature varied between 0.5-4.0Â?C. The effects of supercooling degree and pressure on hydrates formation were discussed. Hydrates formation can be completely finished within 150 min and the final pressure-temperature points of system are just located on ...
Autori: Ni Liu, Xiaobo Xuan, Daoping Liu, Yingming Xiehttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25689

RESEARCH OF MEMBRANE FOULING PERFORMANCE IN A SUBMERGED DOUBLE-SHAFT ROTARY ANAEROBIC MEMBRANE BIOREACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Considering the membrane fouling problem in submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors, a set of submerged double-shaft rotary anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SDRAnMBR) was constructed by applying a double-shaft rotary module to submerged anaerobic bioreactor, and the theoretic analysis of the characteristics of hydraulics dynamics in SDRAnMBR has been performed. The membrane fouling performance for treatment of synthetic brewery wastewater was investigated by SDRAnMBR. The results of a theoretical...
Autori: Ling Bai, Chao Liu, Weiguang Lanhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25694

EVALUATION OF THE IMPACT OF PLANTING STRUCTURE ON WATER RESOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Many regions are facing formidable freshwater management challenges. In this research, the Water Evaluation and Planning System (WEAP) was used to simulate water demand and supply under planting structure adjustment scenario in Laohahe River Basin (LRB), China. The effects of planting structure adjustment on alleviating the water resources vulnerability were simulated by defining scenario for changes in crops sown area inputs to WEAP model. The results show that compared with the Reference, plan...
Autori: Lu Hao, Lingling Huang, Wenbin Wang, Huiyuan Zhanghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25699

FORCED SWIRL COMBUSTION CHAMBER IN DIESEL ENGINE: NUMERICAL SIMULATION AND EXPERIMENTAL RESEARCH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Fuel injection system, intake system and the geometric shape of combustion chamber are the three key factors to the fuel-air mixture and combustion process for diesel engine. long with the need of high power density in diesel engine, the pressure of intake is higher increasingly. Together with the effect of high pressure fuel injection, the fuel-air mixture and combustion process is hard to spread as usual. In this circumstance, the performance of power, heat efficiency and emission in diesel en...
Autori: Shang Yong, Liu Fu-Shui, Li Xiang-Ronghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25704

DESIGN OF THE SUSTAINABLE URBAN VEHICLES - NEW CONCEPTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC INTEGRATED SOLUTIONS IN AUTOMOTIVE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The demand for new and high performance products in the automotive industry is increasing exponentially and this trend imposesinnovative concepts for cars. The future solutions for the automotive industry may find their answer in the fabricationtechnologies and also in alternative propulsion and energy production.The car design field cannot ignore the global economic crisis, imposing new approaches in terms of materials and cost effectivetechnologies and by the means of environmental pr...
Autori: Mihai Comşiţ
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25733

STUDY ON ENERGY RESOURCES INTEGRATION AND SUSTAINABILITY OF THE NEW MODULAR AGRICULTURE PATTERN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The paper aims to present the new pattern of modular agriculture, as evolution of agri-food production in the coming decades aswell as to highlight the direct relation between this pattern and the massive energy support it requires.The paper basically deals with reactions to climate change, reductions of carbon emission, in addition to high quality and safetyrequirements for food production. The author envisages the PAC measures called for in order to ensure a sustainable developmentof ...
Autori: Romulus Gruia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25746

ANALYSIS OF FLOOR AND CEILING HEATING WITH INTERMITTENT OPERATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:One of the most complex aspects of water accounting is the assessment of point and diffuse source pollution. At present, thebuilding sector in European countries is responsible for 40% of the total energy consumption. To reduce the European Uniondependency on energy import, the strategy undertaken in Lisbon is to reduce as much as possible the energy consumption ofbuildings and to increase the share of renewable energy sources. As an average, house heating represents about 75% from the ...
Autori: Ferenc Kalmár, Tünde Kalmár
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25750

PARAMETERS EFFECT ON THE PRODUCT DISTRIBUTION IN THE BIOMASS TO FISCHER-TROPSCH FUELS PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:The increasing of energy consumption and fossil fuel emissions (especially CO2, SO2 and NOx) and the limitation of crude oilreserves, determined a growing trend toward renewable energy technologies, like solar, wind, geo-thermal energy and biomass forbiofuels.From all the renewable energies sources, biomass attracts more and more interest being a renewable resource with economicpotential, which can be found all over the world, with positive environmental properties due to neutral emissi...
Autori: Anca Sauciuc, Angela Potetz, Georg Schlaub, Gerald Weber, Hermann Hofbauer, Lucia Dumitrescu, Reinhard Rauch, Ziad Abosteif
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25762

ECONOMIC AND CONSTRUCTION ANALYSIS OF LIGHTWEIGHT MEMBRANES IN HOUSING IN TEMPERATE CLIMATES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:Lightweight materials are more viable for use in invariably hot or cold climates than in temperate climates. However, it is possibleto use lightweight construction systems and specifically membranes even in housing buildings in temperate climate areas, if theirproperties are well explored, allowing better environmental performance and cost effectiveness than conventional solutions. In theouter skin and in dividing elements, architectural membranes can be used as thermal regulators, for ...
Autori: António Pedro Reis, Joăo Pedro Couto, Paulo Mendonça
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25781

DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SUBSIDIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY VEHICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The present paper is concerned with the determination of the appropriate subsidy level for environmental friendly technologyvehicles. For this purpose, the economic calculation of the corresponding environmental benefit is necessary, which is realizedthrough the calculation of the negative environmental externality that could be avoided, if the examined subsidies have beenestablished. For the calculation of the latter, the EcoSenseLE tool has been applied here, using life-cycle airborne...
Autori: Dimitrios A. Georgakellos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25782

CLIMATE CHANGE POLICY IN SHIPPING FOCUSING ON EMISSION STANDARDS AND TECHNOLOGY MEASURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:There is a growing concern that the Earth’s atmospheric composition is being altered by human activities which can lead toclimate change. Policy measures to reduce carbon dioxide emissions are on the agenda of the International Maritime Organization(IMO) and the European Union (EU). Climate Change is an environmental problem and answers have to be sought among robustenvironmental policies that are often classified in market-based, command-and-control and voluntary instruments. Althoug...
Autori: Christos A. Kontovas, Harilaos N. Psaraftis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25792

PER CAPITA CO2 EMISSION TRENDS AMONG EUROPEAN OECD COUNTRIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
The relationships between economic growth, environmental sustainability and energy are of great interest among researchers and policy makers. One of the theoretical conclusions that have received most attention is the convergence of the per capita carbon emission levels. But empirical results of theoretical growth models that include the environmental variable or estimated Environmental Kuznets Curve are not conclusive. This paper uses a multivariate state-space model to examine the process of c...
Autori: Gema Fernández-Avilés, Jose Mondejar-Jimenez, Josep Illa, Manuel Vargas-Vargas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25823

PREDICTIVE MODELLING OF ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE LEVELS IN LITHUANIAN URBAN AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
Modelling of environmental noise is a process aimed at estimating the noise levels in an area of interest under a particular set of conditions. The aim of the work is to evaluate the impact of the planned reconstruction work on the change of noise level in Panevė??ys city. The software MapNoise was used for modelling work. Strategic noise maps are updated on a regular basis and information dating back not more than three years will be used for their build. Values of emissions from each indi...
Autori: Egidijus Petraitis, , Petras Vaitiekūnas, Raimondas Leopoldas Idzelis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25830

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 10/12
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
� SUSTAINABILITY IN ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION � EVALUATING THE CLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE HYDROLOGICAL FLOW REGIME OF THE MOLDAVIAN AREAS � ENSURING ECONOMICAL AND FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY: STATE FISCAL CONTROL - A WAY TO PREVENT AND REDUCE TAX AVOIDANCE � COMBINED OXIDATION AND ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESSES FOR THE REMOVAL OF PRIORITY ORGANIC POLLUTANTS FROM WASTEWATERS � THE FREE LEVEL UNIFORM POST-DARCY FILTRATION THROUGH A SPHERE-MADE HOMOGENOUS MEDIUM � HSLA ST...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25838

DIRECT SEPARATION OF PROPIONIC ACID FROM Propionibacterium acidipropionici BROTHS BY REACTIVE EXTRACTION 1. INTERFACIAL MECHANISM AND INFLUENCING FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 4
The reactive extractions of propionic acid with TOA dissolved in three solvents with different dielectric constants (dichloromethane, butyl acetate, n-heptane) without and with 1-octanol as phase modifier have been comparatively analyzed. The results indicated that the mechanism of the interfacial reaction between acid and extractant is controlled by the organic phase polarity. In absence of 1-octanol, the structures of the extracted complexes are RCOOH.Q2 for dichloromethane and butyl acetate, ...
Autori: Alexandra Cârlescu, Anca-Irina Galaction, Dan Caşcaval, Mădălina Poştaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25938

REMOVAL OF Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS ENVIRONMENT USING PEAT MOSS: EQUILIBRIUM STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum peat moss was investigated in batch experiments as a function of solution pH and initial Cr (VI) concentration. The highest removal percentage (R=99%) was obtained at pH = 1, in solutions of 20.8 mg Cr (VI)/L. In order to establish the mechanism of the removal process, Cr (VI) and total Cr (Cr (VI) + Cr (III)) in residual solutions was analyzed. The Cr (VI) removal by the peat moss at low pH is governed by two processes – electrostatic ...
Autori: Catalin Balan, Doina Bilba, Irina Volf, Matei Macoveanu, Petru Bulai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25849

CONTROLLING THE ACTIVITY AND CHEMOSELECTIVITY IN THE CINNAMALDEHYDE HYDROGENATION BY INSERTION OF NONNOBLE METALS IN THE MATRIX OF HYDROALCITE-LIKE MATERIALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The purpose of this study was to prepare new nanocomposite catalysts of Metal/LDHs type by mild reduction of transition metal cations Co2+ and Cu2+ substituted in the matrix of ZnAl-LDH at 150°C and atmospheric pressure, under hydrogen flow. To this end, a series of ZnCuCoAl layered double hydroxides (LDH) precursors were synthesized by co-precipitation method. M2+/M3+ (i.e., Zn2+/Al3+) molar ratios were kept constant while the Cu2+/Co2+ molar ratios were varied in order to investigate their in...
Autori: Adrian Ungureanu, Alexandra Sasu, Alexandru Chirieac, Alina Moscu Corcodel, Brindusa Dragoi, Constantin Rudolf, Emil Dumitriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25852

FOOD CHAIN BIOMAGNIFICATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SAMPLES FROM THE LOWER PRUT FLOODPLAIN NATURAL PARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Pollutants transfer via the food chain was investigated in a wetland ecosystem from the Lower Prut Floodplain Natural Park in Romania. Trace elements (Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn) were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) from samples belonging to primary producers and primary and secondary consumers, and also from water and sediments samples. Non-essential trace elements as Cd and Pb exhibited low concentrations in molluscs and fish, but zinc had shown conc...
Autori: Alin Tudorache, Gabriel Chisamera, Gabriel Lucian Radu, Iulia Gabriela David, Laurentiu Rozylowicz, Marius Lucian Matache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25855

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PULP AND PAPER MILLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The paper aims to present the environmental impact of pulp and paper manufacturing and the most important production and control practices to minimizing this impact. The environmental consequences of manufacturing pulp and paper from pulping and bleaching processes are discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms. In these processes, sulfur compounds and nitrogen oxides are emitted to the air, and chlorinated and organic compounds and nutrients are discharged to the wastewaters. Large quantit...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel, Dan Gavrilescu, Gheorghe Dutuc, Grigore Craciun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25857

ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PACKAGING PAPER PRODUCTION BASED ON RECYCLED FIBRE RAW MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper is part of LCA studies performed in the frame of FP7 project �Recovered Paper Sorting by Innovative Technologies - SORT IT�. It analysis the results obtained by Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) of the reference case for recycled packaging paper manufacturing (current sorting technology), which will constitute a comparison base for new sorting technology developed in SORT IT project. The main stages considered in the life cycle were: recovered paper (RP) transport from collectio...
Autori: Alina Iosip, Antonio Dobon, Elena Bobu, Mercedes Hortal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25860

THERMAL STABILITY AND SURFACE STRUCTURE OF SnO2-CeO2 IMPREGNATED CATALYSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Newly prepared SnO2-CeO2 catalyst samples used as depollution catalysts were characterized applying low-temperature nitrogen adsorption (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetry (TG-dTG) and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) methods. Pure SnO2 has higher surface area (17 m2/g) than the pure CeO2 (8 m2/g). Addition of organic tin oxide precursor to ceria in amount of 5 wt% slightly decreases the surface area of CeO2 (SSn5-Ce= 7 m2/g). The increase of tin oxide content to 10 and 20 wt...
Autori: , Anca Vasile, , Cristian Hornoiu, Jozsef Kovacs, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Veronica Bratan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25875

INTEGRATED ULTRASONICATION-ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF TEXTILE EFFLUENTS: ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Nowadays, advanced wastewater treatment has become a stringent step for the removal of priority organic pollutants and many technologies have been proposed in order to achieve effluents with a superior quality for recycling or reuse purposes. This research is focused on the possibilities of using an integrated process, comprising 2 stages: the advanced oxidation process of ultrasonication and a membrane separation process, ultrafiltration. The main objective of the study is to assess the efficie...
Autori: , Daniela Cailean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25880

REAL-TIME MONITORING OF AN URBAN RIVER CONTAMINATED WITH PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Fluorescence spectroscopy is a promising approach to the characterization of natural aquatic components and organic pollutants, due to its rapid analysis and high sensitivity. Petroleum products had been studied, using fluorescence technique, in numerous occasions, as seawater and soil contaminant or as raw sample. Nevertheless, no complex assessment has been made on fluorescence real–time spectra of freshwater diesel oil contamination. This study reports a 5–days experiment on an urban rive...
Autori: Elfrida M. Carstea, Gabriela Pavelescu, Luminita Ghervase, Marina Tautan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25882

WATER POLLUTION REDUCTION BY USING NEW PREMETALATED DYES IN DYEING WOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
2This study shows the dyeing behaviour and impact over the wastewaters quality resulted from dyeing wool fibres, of a new synthesized premetalated dyes, derived from new acid dye, sodium(E)-2 –((1-amino-4-sulphonatonaphthalen-2-yl)diazenyl)-6- methoxybenzo[d]thiazole- 5 or 7 –sulphonate, as a result of interaction with Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions. In order to characterize the complexed dyes they were studied in both phase: solution and solid phase. The dyeing performances assessment and the envir...
Autori: Ion Sandu, Laura Chirila, Maria Marcela Tarlea, Romen Butnaru, Viorica Vasilache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25886

MODELING THE IMPACT OF ROAD TRAFFIC ON AIR POLLUTION IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT CASE STUDY: A NEW OVERPASS IN THE CITY OF CRAIOVA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Since the last century, as a consequence of advanced industrialization, the remarkable growth of population, and its mobility have turned the field of transport into the main factor responsible for air pollution attributable to mobile sources of pollution. The continuous accumulation of various pollutants in the environment determines severe consequences on humans, animals and plants, buildings, works of art and landscape. Road transport represents, through its characteristic features – high f...
Autori: Gabriela Mitran, Ion Tabacu, Sorin Ilie, Viorel Nicolae
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25898

EFFECTS OF Fe(III) ON DISSIMILATORY FERRIC REDUCTION, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
Abstract An activated sludge from SBBR (sequencing biofilm batch reactor) reactor filled with Fe0  as filler had been acclimated to Fe(III)rich environment aiming at secure an enrichment culture of iron-reducing bacteria. The dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction ability and its efficiency on the effect of nitrogen and phosphorous removal by dosing different Fe(III) under anaerobic condition were investigated. The mechanism was also proposed based on the results derived from the experiment a...
Autori: Jie Li, Juanjuan Feng, Siyuan Zhai, Ya’e Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25943

ENHANCED NITROGEN REMOVAL FROM REJECT WATER OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS USING A NOVEL EXCESS ACTIVATED SLUDGE (EAS) BASED NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractIn this study, a novel excess activated sludge (EAS) based nitrification and denitrification process was developed using EAS toprovide nitrifiers and denitrifers for nitrogen removal from the reject water of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWWTP).This can achieve a significant reduction in the nitrogen (N) loading in wastewater treatment plants. The results show that theammoniacal-nitrogen (NH4+-N) and total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiencies were in the range from 74.7% to 93.1%...
Autori: Wei Li, Xiaoxia Yang, Xinchao Guo, Yongzhe Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25946

AEROBIC SLUDGE GRANULATION FOR PARTIAL NITRIFICATION OF AMMONIA-RICH INORGANIC WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractPartial nitrification for the biological nitrogen removal (BNR) via nitrite has recently gained interest for treating high-strengthammonium wastewater with low organic matter content. However, stability of partial nitrification is still a challenge in activatedsludge system. In the present study, the technique of aerobic granulation was developed to produce granules for stable nitritation,treating ammonia-rich inorganic influent with 400 mg NH4+-N/L. The morphology, physical properties, ...
Autori: An-Jie Li, Xiang-Chun Quan, Xiao-Yan Li, Zhi-Feng Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25947

STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF HEAT-TREATED COLLOIDAL PYRITE UNDER INERT ATMOSPHERE AND ITS APPLICATION FOR THE REMOVAL OF Cu(II) ION FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractIn this paper, we report a study on structural evolution, magnetic susceptibility and arsenic content of colloidal pyrite fromXinqiao deposits in Tongling, Anhui Province, China. The pyrite was treated under N2 atmosphere and charaterized with X-raypowder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), magnetic susceptibility analysis, and atomicfluorescence spectroscopy (AFS). We observed that heating of colloidal pyrite in N2 atomosphere did not change the crys...
Autori: Dong Chen, Ping Li, Tianhu Chen, Xiao Zhu, Yadan Shi, Yan Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25951

GEOCHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF REDUCED INORGANIC SULFUR IN A COASTAL ENVIRONMENT, BOHAI BAY, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
Geochemical cycling of reduced inorganic sulfur in sediments may affect water quality. This study investigated the reducedinorganic sulfur distribution and environmental behaviour in superficial sediments in different watersheds and coastal zones inBohai Bay, China. Acid volatile sulfur (AVS), chromium (II)-reducible sulfur (CRS) and elemental sulfur (ES) distributed insurface sediment were quantified. Total organic carbon and total nitrogen were presented in higher concentrations in the fluvial...
Autori: Robert Mortimer, Simon Bottrell, Wenjing Shi, Yanqing Sheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25959

ESTIMATING AND MODELLING THE SLUDGE EXCESS DISCHARGE IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractA rapid increase of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has made the disposal of excess sludge from WWTPs a seriousproblem. In order to enhance the management of sludge, both development of sludge reduction technologies and sludgeevaluation system are of great importance. Based on the survey data from 696 plants in China in 2009, an empirical model wasdeveloped to simulate the production and discharge of excess sludge, which considered influent, temperature, Chemical OxygenDemand (COD), ...
Autori: Chengwen Wang, Tao Xie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25963

A SPECIAL ISSUE ON RECENT ADVANCES IN WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND POLLUTION CONTROL: WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
A fast economic development in China over thelast three decades has lifted hundreds of millions ofpeople out of poverty. However, an annual GDPincrease of over 10% due to the large scale industrialactivities and fast urbanization has released substantialamounts of pollutants into the environment and exertedtremendous pressure on local ecosystems. Although alarge amount of investment has been made by theChinese government and a series of efforts have beenmade by the environmental regulators, scie...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25965

EDITORIAL A SPECIAL ISSUE ON PROGRESS IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE FRAME OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
“The Exploratory Workshop „Progress inEnvironmental Engineering, Biotechnology andManagement in The Frame of Knowledge-BasedSustainable Economy” took place in the contextwhen worldwide research shows that the currentindustrial system supports a population that useresources and generates waste, consuming the Earth'ssupply, but who’s biocapacity is far outweighed bythe increased demand of products for a developmentsystem that often works on unsustainable bases.Today’s challenge is the integration ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25969

ENGINEERING CHALLENGES IN ADVANCED WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractWastewater streams and particularly industrial effluents tend to increase in volumes and to get more complex in terms ofpollution. Nevertheless, nowadays the focus is directed towards recycling or reuse of treated wastewater so as to close the wateruse loop. Advanced wastewater treatment allows these possible applications by achieving good quality effluent to suit the newpurposes, but the implementation of this treatment stage is a difficult task. This study gives an example on how to ap...
Autori: , Daniela Cailean, Florina Ungureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25971

CO2 CAPTURE BY BIOMIMETIC ADSORPTION: ENZYME MEDIATED CO2 ABSORPTION FOR POST-COMBUSTION CARBON SEQUESTRATION AND STORAGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe huge emission of greenhouse gases from fossil-fuelled power plants is emphasizing the need for efficient Carbon Captureand Storage (CCS) technologies. The biomimetic CO2 absorption in aqueous solutions has been recently investigated as apromising innovative alternative for post-combustion CCS. The carbonic anhydrase (CA) - a broad group of ubiquitous enzymes– may catalyse the CO2 hydration reaction and then to promote CO2 absorption rate into aqueous solutions. Nevertheless theresear...
Autori: Antonio Marzocchella, Giuseppe Olivieri, Maria Elena Russo, Piero Salatino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25976

POLYMERIC WASTES FROM AUTOMOTIVES AS SECOND RAW MATERIALS FOR LARGE SCALE PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractEfficient large-scale recycling of polymeric wastes for automotives is of increased interest from ecologic and economic point ofview and represents an important goal for the car recycling industry. One alternative is to develop novel composite materials,relying on waste car parts, for indoor or outdoor large-scale applications, without using small molecular plasticizer or otheradditives but insuring a good compatibility for large percentages of thermoset plastics in the composite. Previo...
Autori: Anca Duta, Cristina Cazan, Dana Perniu, Mihaela Cosnita
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25982

STREET LITTER REDUCTION PROGRAMS IN THE NETHERLANDS: REFLECTIONS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DUTCH LITTER REDUCTION PROGRAM FOR 2007 – 2009. LESSONS FROM A PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractOn a daily basis one is confronted with litter. Most forms of litter are, however, of no concern to people. Nonetheless, litteraccounts for serious economic costs, and causes negative effects to health, safety and biodiversity. Most countries implementlitter reduction policy programs, often in the form of litter collection and penalties for littering. Litter reduction does notnecessarily have to be a government initiative as grassroots and business initiatives have shown; for instance, c...
Autori: , Laura Franco - Garcia, Theo de Bruijn, Thomas Hoppe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25983

REDUCING EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES FROM MUNICIPAL LANDFILLS-BETWEEN THEORY AND REALITY. MITIGATION OF METHANE EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractMethane landfill emissions are a general concern and should be estimated for taking the proper measures for global warmingmitigation. The European legislation is supporting all techniques that avoid, reduce or treat CH4 emissions. One of the maindirections is reducing the quantities of biodegradable waste disposed in landfills. The efforts for GHG emissions reduction andalso compliance with European legislation in the field of waste management does not mean only putting in place some sta...
Autori: Liliana Bobirica, Rodica Stanescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25984

EDITORIAL - A SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO - ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
This special issue of EnvironmentalEngineering and Management Journal is dedicated tointerdisciplinary research and discusses multipleresults addressing environmental issues inElectromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) andEngineering in Medicine and Biology (EMB) areas.Some of the most significant researchdirections considered in this issue entail theelectromagnetic pollution together with a survey ofelectromagnetic environment in order to analyze andquantify the biological and health effects ofelectro...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25990

REDUCTION OF POWER LINE INTERFERENCES FROM ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC SIGNALS BY APPLYING ADAPTIVE FILTERING ON FIELD PROGRAMMABLE GATE ARRAY CIRCUITS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractThe paper presents an extended implementation of an adaptive filter structure for electrocardiographic (ECG) signals denoisingwhich is implemented on Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) circuit. The proposed FPGA adaptive filter structure can beused to clean in real-time the ECG signals from power line interferences. In order to update the adaptive filter weights, the LeastMean Square (LMS) algorithm is used. The discrete forms of the filter structure and adaptive algorithm are presente...
Autori: Cristian Győző Haba, Ioan Tudosa, Narcis Adochiei, Valeriu David
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26002

STUDIES ON HEAT RECOVERY FROM CELLULOSIC TEXTILES FINISHING WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractDue to high energy costs and the rising consciousness of energy issues in the textile industry, saving energy became a significantproblem. Since a large amount of the energy required in textile finishing is needed in the form of steam for various processes,recovering wastewater heat has great potential for cost reduction. In this research, it was studied the heat recovery from cellulosictextiles finishing wastewater, based on a case study in a textile company. After examining the wastewa...
Autori: Armand F. Bertea, Gheorghe Condurache, Răzvan Berariu, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26013

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal - Vol 12, No 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
• STUDIES ON HEAT RECOVERY FROM CELLULOSIC TEXTILES FINISHING WASTEWATER    • ASSESSMENT OF SYNERGIC REGULATORY ACTIONS OF SPRUCE BARK EXTRACT AND DEUTERIUM DEPLETED WATER ON MAIZE (Zea mays L.) CROPS    • LUNG CANCER RISK INDUCED BY RESIDENTIAL RADON IN CLUJ AND ALBA COUNTIES, ROMANIA    • A CLEAR SKY IRRADIATION ASSESSMENT USING THE ESRA MODEL AND SRTM DATABASE    • ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DYSPHONIA IN PROFESSIONAL VOICE USERS    ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26014

SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE ZnFe2O4 AND ITS USE FOR THE REMOVAL OF CONGO RED FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper describes the synthesis of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite starting from 1,4-butanediol and a mixture of zinc and ironnitrates. During the heating of the obtained solution, a redox reaction takes place with emission of brown nitrogen oxides andformation of a solid powder. This powder was characterized by thermal analysis and FT-IR spectrometry, techniques thatconfirmed the formation of a mixture of zinc and iron carboxylates. This mixture was further used as precursor for zinc fer...
Autori: Cornelia Muntean, Marcela Stoia, Paul Barvinschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26029

PHYTOEXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIALLY POLLUTED ZONE USING Lolium perenne AND Lemna minor
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper intends to contribute to the stages of bioremediation technologies elaboration, by means of experiments and efficiencydemonstrations of adequate biological depollution and ecological reconstruction methods. During the 2009-2011 period, heavymetals and metalloids, etc phytoextraction tests were performed with Lolium perenne L, from tailing samples collected fromwaste heaps and tailings dams of the mining exploitations (Rodna, Bistriţa–Năsăud, Fundu-Moldovei, Sucea...
Autori: Alexandru Crihan, Alin Bolonyi, Bianca Malschi Florian, Cecilia Roman, Dana Malschi, Dorian Brăhaiţa, George Ghira, , Marin Şenilă, Mirela Miclean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26044

STUDY ON GLOBAL DIMMING GENERATED BY ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe global diming means a gradual reduction on the earth's surface of global direct irradiance. The global dimming blocks thesunlight that would otherwise cause evaporation, thereby interacting with the global warming. In order to determine somecharacteristics confirming the global dimming were conducted a series of measurements of temperature and luminosity in Iasi.The purpose of the study was to link the urban pollution to the decrease in the solar luminosity during the time of a month...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26065

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT APPLIED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractConstruction and demolition waste (C&DW) are the result of inefficient and unsustainable use of natural resources and energy inproduction processes and other human activities, leading to economic losses. In this paper, the Ecological Footprint (EF), as a newindicator and methodology in environmental sustainability assessment was used to calculate where and how the humans induceimpacts on the environment, in particular due to the generation of C&DW. Ecological footprint makes a re...
Autori: Alessandra Bonoli, Cristina Ghinea, Isabela Maria Simion, Maria Gavrilescu, Nicolae Taranu, Sebastian George Maxineasa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26070

WATER MANAGEMENT AT THE FORMER COPPER MINING SITE MEDET (BULGARIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe scope of the present paper is water management dimensioning closed to the copper mining area in the Medet region(Bulgaria). The mining works left an open pit and several waste rock dumps within the catchment area of Medetska River. Atpresent although the flooding of open pit is going on, it will be finished approximately in 2018. Water treatment is necessary dueto the high concentrations of pollutants (sulphate and copper) in the waters influenced by mining. The objective of the stud...
Autori: Gabriela Biali, Petra Schneider, Ralf Löser
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26077

DEVELOPMENT OF A TOOL FOR INDUSTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION MANAGEMENT IN THE APULIA REGION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractAtmospheric emission inventories are useful tools to support informed decision making in air quality management. In theframework of Apulia Region emission inventory, a tool for the industrial atmospheric emission management called TerritorialEmissions Cadastre (CET) was developed. CET is a Web-based system able to store all data related to the industrial plants and toperform spatial queries; its components are used for synchronizing, exporting and querying the underlined database. CET al...
Autori: Eleonora Andriani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26079

TRAFFIC NOISE MEASUREMENT AND PREDICTION OF THE BARRIER EFFECT ON TRAFFIC NOISE AT DIFFERENT BUILDING LEVELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractWith the development of transportation systems, the associated traffic noise problem has drawn more and more attention in HongKong. Under the Hong Kong Planning Standards and Guidelines, a standard of 70 dB(A), measured as LA10 (1 hour), has been setfor road traffic noise. The Calculation of Road Traffic Noise (CRTN) method has been adopted in Hong Kong to estimate suchnoise. This study first examined and evaluated the accuracy of this method in predicting traffic noise at different floo...
Autori: Cheuk Ming Mak
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26082

INFLUENCE OF NITRATE LOAD ON SULFUR TRANSFORMATIONS IN THE RHIZOSPHERE OF Juncus effusus IN LABORATORY-SCALE CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS TREATING ARTIFICIAL DOMESTIC WASEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractTwo laboratory-scale constructed wetlands planted with Juncus effusus were used to investigate the effect of nitrate load on thesulfur transformation dynamics related to the removal of organic carbon and ammonium. Organic carbon was removed at aconstant high mean level of 80% (inflow of 25 mg/L total organic carbon), irrespective of the nitrate load. In contrast, sulfatereduction responded immediately to the presence or absence of nitrate in an opposing manner, indicating a high abundanc...
Autori: Shubiao Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26095

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT FOR TRADITIONAL VERSUS RECYCLED ROAD ASPHALT MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe evaluation of the environmental impact of transport infrastructure entails a complex characterization of factors, attitudes andconsequences. In the frame of an ecologically friendly approach, sustainable alternatives and solutions for road asphaltpavements production and exploitation must be identified. A comparative evaluation of the environmental impact for recycledand traditional road pavements asphalt mixtures, expressed as the amount of equivalent carbon dioxide, per ton of mixt...
Autori: Alina Mihaela Nicuţă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26096

SECOND GENERATION BIOFUELS AND BIOMASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
Mother Earth Investments AG, is actively working onthe development 2nd generation bioenergy feedstocks.In this book, Mr. Jansen generously shares hisknowledge in the field, in particular, regarding thechallenges and opportunities in development ofbiomass-derived fuels. This essential guide toinvesting in bioenergy commodities details secondgeneration biofuels from a scientific, technical andeconomic perspective, and discusses their globalenvironmental, political and financial impact.The book is ...
Autori: Roland A. Jansen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26100

THE ROLE OF GREEN CHEMISTRY IN BIOMASS PROCESSING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
The book edited by Haibo Xie and NicholasGathergood focuses on one of the most importantscientific issues of the 21 century which is thereplacing fossil fuel with sustainable alternatives suchas biomass. Fossil fuels are conventional rawmaterials for many industrial sectors includingchemical and energy production. Usage of fossil fuelis limited by their availability, price and carbonfootprint. Biomass is a renewable resource globallyavailable, cheaper and carbon sequestering. Step bystep shiftin...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26101

EDITORIAL - A SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION, SAFETY ENGINEERING AND DISASTER MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
The ELSEDIMA International Conference on “Environmental Legislation, Safety Engineering and Disaster Management” held its 9th edition in 2012. This edition was organized by the “Babeş-Bolyai” University of Cluj-Napoca - Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, together with the Ministry of Administration and Interior - General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, the Disaster Preparedness and Prevention Initiative for South – Eastern Europe and S.C. I...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26102

COMBINED OPTOELECTRONIC METHODS USED IN THE MONITORING OF SO2 EMISSIONS AND IMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This study focuses on the local scale behavior of SO2 emissions resulting from lignite-combustion thermal power plants. The investigations aimed at monitoring the SO2 emissions and imissions over a two week period in September 2010. One of the largest power plants from Eastern Europe was chosen for monitoring using different optoelectronic techniques. Rovinari power plant (44o54’45”N – 23o09’44”E) is one of the largest electricity suppliers of Romania, having 4 groups of 3...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26113

SIMULATIONS FOR INCLUDING THE ENVIRONMENTAL TAX IN MOTOR LIABILITY INSURANCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Nowadays, all over the world, the car transport sector is one of the main factors responsible for the Greenhouse Gas Emissions. The current systems of emission taxation do not take into consideration the distance travelled by cars; therefore, they are not fully compliant with the “polluter pays” principle. In addition to the produced inequality, these systems do not encourage the reduction of the distances travelled annually (with possible favorable effects on pollution an...
Autori: Cristian-Mihai Dragos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26120

EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF GAS EMISSIONS FROM NON-COMPLIANT MUNICIPAL LANDFILL USED FOR ENERGETIC EVALUATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This paper presents a research method for the exploratory analysis of non-compliant municipal waste landfills by determining the gas composition of emissions. The proposed method has the following stages: establishing municipal landfill surface contour by topographic measurements; setting measuring points on the deposit surface; setting the number of points needed and their spatial coordinate; field location of points for making exploratory measurements; making and recordi...
Autori: Michaela Bianca Vac Soporan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26127

ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY FOR NON-COMPLIANT LANDFILLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This paper presents a proposal for measurements and interpretation of gaseous emissions from the municipal landfills, especially for non-compliant sites. Based on the measurements made on the Pata Rat landfill, Cluj-Napoca, a methodology for interpreting the results is presented, in order to assess current energy potential of the deposit. Measurements are the main basis for determining the energy potential of the deposit. By applying the methodology for determining the ene...
Autori: Michaela Bianca Vac Soporan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26128

STUDY ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract One of the causes of climate change is the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Methane (CH4) is one of the greenhouse gases, with an ability to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere 21 times greater than carbon dioxide (CO2) per unit mass and in the same period of time. Because the lifetime of methane in the atmosphere is relatively short, it could be kept under control. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are anthropogenic sources of CH4 emissions. Anaerobic digestion of t...
Autori: Doru Lucian Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26139

OPTIMIZATION OF A MIXED CYCLE GAS TURBINE TITAN 130S TYPE OPERATING UNDER PARTIAL LOADS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The paper presents several aspects regarding the optimization of the operation for a mixed cycle gas turbine, Titan 130S type, installed at S.C. CET S.A. Bacau, during the warm season. The optimization entails the partial loads operation and has been done using the multicriterial analysis, taking into consideration the operation restrictions required for this type of gas turbine. The criteria that regard this analysis are: thermal energy requirements, the global efficiency...
Autori: Marius-Ion Stanila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26145

APPLICATION OF A NEURO-GENETIC TECHNIQUE IN THE OPTIMIZATION OF HEAVY METALS REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATERS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RISK REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The reason for carrying out this research is related to the significant risk of heavy metals present in wastewater on the environment and human health. The removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions was performed in a batch system, using peat (from Poiana Stampei, Romania) as adsorbent. The efficiency of the process was predicted with high accuracy (correlation with experimental data more than 0.99) based on a feed-forward neural network with two hidden layers. The...
Autori: Gabriel Dan Suditu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26150

NAPHTHALENE DEGRADATION IN SOIL INOCULATED WITH MIXED DENITRIFYING BACTERIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractKnown concentrations of naphthalene were added to soil samples to investigate the anaerobic degradation potential by theinoculated naphthalene-adapted bacteria under nitrate reducing conditions. Naphthalene could be anaerobically biodegraded tonon-detectable levels within 35 days when the initial concentrations were 5.8 mg/kg, 34.7 mg/kg, 61.4 mg/kg, 93.7 mg/kg and146.6 mg/kg in soil, respectively. The degradation rates of naphthalene increased with increasing initial concentrations. The...
Autori: Junfeng Dou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26157

RESEARCH ON CLEANER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LIAO RIVER BASIN BASED ON SYSTEM DYNAMICS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractCompared with pollution transfer, cleaner production (CP) was more effective to reduce pollution in many less developedcountries. However, it was more difficult to assess the potential of cleaner production (PCP) in emission-reduction. The model ofPCP in Liao River Basin was established based on system dynamics, which could quantitatively analyse the potential of basincleaner production and the contribution to emission-reduction. The result showed that selected 2010 as the base year, 201...
Autori: Minghui Xie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26179

DYNAMIC SIMULATION OF CHINA’S CARBON INTENSITY AND ENERGY INTENSITY EVALUATION FOCUSING ON INDUSTRY AND ENERGY STRUCTURE ADJUSTMENTS BY 2020
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractAlong with the rapid economic development of China, the large amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) emission has become constrainton future sustainable development. The Chinese government has established a series of policies to come with the high CO2-emission resulting from economic development with the target to reduce its carbon intensity (CO2-emissions per unit of grossdomestic product (GDP)) by 40-45%, and to decrease the energy intensity (energy consumption per unit of GDP) by 20% by theye...
Autori: Feng Xu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26181

ESTIMATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS AND SPATIAL VARIATION FROM TOURISM ACCOMMODATION IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractAccommodation profoundly affects energy use and carbon dioxide emissions in the tourism sector. This paper focuses on starratedhotels in China, and applies a bottom-up approach to estimate the amount of carbon dioxide emissions from tourismaccommodation in 1998–2009. The results show that carbon dioxide emission of star-rated hotels increased from 4.37 million tonin 1998 to 16.82 million ton in 2009 (an increase of 3.84 times). Although the amount of carbon emissions is increasing, the r...
Autori: Zi Tang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26185

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractNowadays, companies at the electrical industry have to meet numerous environmental requirements which involve a largeincrement in their costs. However, it is considered that these investments made by organizations may affect positively to theirreputation and therefore to their profits.So the aim of this paper is to analyze the influence that some Environmental variables related to the emission and resourcereductions have on the Financial Performance of the electrical firms through a data...
Autori: Bernabé Escobar-Pérez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26195

ANALYSIS OF INTEGRATION OF SOLAR COLLECTOR SYSTEMS INTO DISTRICT HEAT SUPPLY NETWORKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractSupply of heat energy is of the high importance in the northern countries of the Europe. EU energy policy and high prices of theheat energy resources takes a challenge to find any alternative resources for generation of heat energy. Therefore in this paper the integration of renewable energy source - solar energy into the existent heat energy supply system is analyzed as the alternative or additional source of heat energy. The case study of the Girionys boiler-house (at Kaunas district, ...
Autori: Jolanta Dvarionienė
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26201

STUDIES ON EXCESS SLUDGE REDUCTION AND MICROBIAL COMMUNITY GROWING IN A NOVEL A+OSA REACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractExcess biomass produced in the degradation processes of organic pollutants is creating environmental challenges for wastewatertreatment plants. The A+OSA system, a modification of the anoxic / oxic (A/O) process via insertion of a sludge holding tankinto a sludge return line, has been demonstrated to be capable of achieving simultaneous nutrient removal and sludge reduction.Here we report the results of an investigation aimed at evaluating the impact of the sludge holding tank on the bio...
Autori: Li Jia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26207

ENHANCED REMOVAL OF FECAL BACTERIA BY ZINC-MODIFIED ZEOLITE IN AN INTERMITTENT MEDIA INFILTRATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThe reuse of a wastewater treatment system was investigated using intermittent media infiltration (IMI) to evaluate the fecalcoliform (FC) removal efficiency with natural zeolite containing clinoptilolite from the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico and itszinc-modified form (Zeo-Zn). The municipal wastewater, which was from Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico, was treated for FC analysisfor four months. The physicochemical properties of zeolite were analyzed, and their behavior as filter media for ...
Autori: Sasirot Khamkure
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26212

REDUCING AMMONIA, CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND AND COLOR FROM PRAWN POND WASTEWATER USING COMPOSITE MEDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractLow water quality due to high levels of ammonia, chemical oxygen demand (COD), abnormal pH, and undesirable water color isprevalent in many prawn ponds in Malaysia. A composite medium used in the treatment of prawn pond effluent was examinedfor the reduction of undesirable parameters. The composite medium is a mixture of limestone, activated carbon, zeolite, and ricehusk. Experiments were conducted under three different conditions, i.e., sole aeration, adsorption, and adsorption with pre...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26219

DETERMINING THE EFFECTIVE WIDTH OF RIPARIAN BUFFERS IN KOREAN WATERSHEDS USING THE SWAT MODEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractRiparian buffers play an important role in improving water quality, providing wildlife habitat, and reducing suspended sedimentsand pollutants entering the water body. The efficiency of pollutant reduction by a riparian buffer is greatly influenced by thewidth of the riparian buffer. In this study, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was applied to the YudeungStream watershed, Daejeon Stream watershed, and Gap Stream watershed to determine the most effective width of the ripa...
Autori: Jongpil Moon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26223

AN ECO SUSTAINABLE TECHNIQUE TO REDUCE CADMIUM AVAILABILITY TO AMARANTHUS CAUDATUS GROWN UNDER AGRICULTURAL WASTE AND FERTILISER AMENDED SOIL: GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractPresent study deals with a technology that reduces the cadmium(Cd) availability to the leafy vegetable Amaranthus caudatusfrom Cd contaminated soil (6 μg Cd g-1soil), amended with farmyard manure FYM, FYM+NPK and agricultural wastes (ricehusk; RH and saw dust; SD) at different doses (0.5 %, 2 %, 5 % and 10 %). Among all the doses 5 % was found to the best foreach amendment showing maximum reduction in phytoavailability of Cd hence better vegetable yield. At this dose the reductionin...
Autori: Anita Singh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26228

OZONE POLLUTION AND THE EFFECTS ON CROP YIELDS AT A COASTAL SITE IN THE YANGTZE DELTA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractBased on the measurement at a coastal site in the Yangtze Delta, the temporal variation characteristics of ozone and theinfluences of the precursors (NO, NO2, and CO) and meteorological conditions were analyzed. Also the crop yield loss by ozoneexposure at the site was estimated and discussed. The variation of daytime ozone showed a two-peak pattern during the year with one peak in spring and the other in summer, while the nighttime ozone just presented one peak in spring. The diurnal va...
Autori: Wenpo Shan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26231

SOURCES AND OCCURRENCE OF NON-PESTICIDE PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (POPs). THE CASE STUDY OF TAIWAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractNon-pesticide persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the Stockholm Convention include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs),polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs), polybromobiphenyls (PBBs) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), which are industrial chemicals and/orunintentional byproducts that remain in the environment, bioaccumulate in human and animal tissue through the food chain, andhave adverse effects ...
Autori: Wen-Tien Tsai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26239

ON THE NOx EMISSION LEVELS OF AN ASYMMETRIC VORTEX FLAME COMBUSTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe vortex flame concept of combustion has been well known to produce low levels of NOx. This feature qualifies it to be usedin industrial processes and in power generation to comply with the environmental regulations concerning nitrogen oxideemissions. An asymmetric vortex flame combustor has been recently proposed by the authors. The present article reports thelevels of NOx emissions of such combustor for the first time. An experimental platform designed and developed to examine theNOx...
Autori: Khalid M. Saqr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26245

EXPLOITATION OF AN ANAEROBIC UP-FLOW COLUMN REACTOR (AUFCR) USING ACTIVATED SLUDGE BIOMASS FOR THE DECOLORIZATION OF DYES AND COD REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe aims of this study were to investigate the performance of anaerobic up-flow column reactor (AUFCR) and immobilizedactivated sludge biomass (ASB) potential for the adsorption of dye drimarene Blue-K2RL (Db-K2RL) and removal of chemicaloxygen demand (COD) from textile wastewater (TWW). AUFCR with ASB at flow rate of 50 mL h-1 and hydraulic retentiontime (HRT) of 10 h showed 95% dye adsorption at pH 4 and 87% COD reduction at pH 6 while non-activated sludge (NAS)showed only 60% of adsor...
Autori: Anwar Ahmad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26246

REMOVAL OF BIOPOLYMERS IN DISTILLERY SPENTWASH USING IRIDIUM OXIDE COATED TITANIUM MESH ANODE AND POLYALUMINUM CHLORIDE: OPTIMIZATION AND SEQUENTIAL STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe purpose of the undertaken research work is to degrade the biopolymeric pigments present in the distillery spentwash. This isdone by direct electro-oxidation using iridium oxide coated titanium mesh as catalytic anode. The effects of current intensity,dilution, pH and time of electro-oxidation were studied. The combined effects were analyzed using Box-Behnken design foroptimization and statistical analysis. The rate constant for first order electrochemical kinetics relating the rate c...
Autori: R. Krishna Prasad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26253

REMOVAL OF DYE AND CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING HYBRID BIOREACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA bench-scale anaerobic bioreactor for the anaerobic treatment of textile wastewater using anaerobic sludge was experimented.The Top and bottom of hybrid bioreactor were functioned with UAF (Up Flow Anaerobic Filter) and UASB (Up Flow AnaerobicSludge Blanket), respectively. The effect of organic loading rate (OLR) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on treatment oforganic matters in the textile wastewater was investigated. The maximum removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colorwas 9...
Autori: Reza Katal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26255

URBAN ENERGY SAVING AND CARBON REDUCTION POTENTIAL OF NEW-TYPES OF BUILDING MATERIALS BY RECYCLING COAL MINING WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe construction industry is one of the main sectors of energy consumption and carbon emissions in China. The new-types ofbuilding materials can be produced by recycling industrial solid wastes which is an effective solution to development of greenbuilding materials and abatement of environmental emissions. In this paper, new-types of bricks made of fly ash (residuesgenerated in coal combustion) and coal gangue (a kind of solid wastes generated in coal mining and coal production) and the...
Autori: Haitao Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26265

AN APPROACH ON ATTACHED GROWTH PROCESS FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe applications of biofilm treatment technologies for domestic wastewater are being increased in many parts of the world. Theaim of the study is to assess a compacted aerobic attached growth fix-film unit (termed Bio-cache) for treatment of small volumedomestic wastewater. The system consists of the miniature plastic packing matrix, which provides a large surface area of 300m2/m3, so as to maintain the high rate growth of viable organisms responsible for organic degradation. The study o...
Autori: Alireza Valipour
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26266

OPTIMIZATION OF AVIATION EMISSIONS THROUGH ALTERNATIVE ROUTING STRATEGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe significant increase in air transportation expected over the coming decades, combined with the initiation of the emissions trading system (EU-ETS) within European aviation, is increasing the requirement for airlines to find new levels of efficiency in their operating practices leading to reduced emission levels. Technological developments are expected to lead to substantial reductions in fuel burn and emissions over the long term, including aircraft design optimization and the use of...
Autori: Athanasios J. Kolios, Stuart Howe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26282

REMOVAL OF COLOR AND COD FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION CONTAINING DYES BY ELECTROCOAGULATION IN A NEW CELL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractA new cell design which makes an efficient use of the cathodically evolved H2 to improve the mixing efficiency and thefloatation ability during electrocoagulation was used to remove dyes from waste solution. In this study, the decolorization andCOD reduction of colored solutions containing reactive and basic dyes by electrocoagulation was investigated using aluminumelectrodes in a batch mode. The effect of operating parameters such as current density, initial dye concentration, NaClconce...
Autori: El Sayed Zakaria El Ashtoukhy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26303

EFFECT OF HYDRO- AND OSMO-PRIMING ON MEMBRANE DETERIORATION, PROLINE ACCUMULATION AND H2O2 SCAVENGING ENZYMES IN TWO SALT STRESSED CHICKPEA CULTIVARS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractSeed priming has been reported to be a simple technique for enhancing seedling establishment in environment and cropproduction under stressed condition. In this study, we investigated osmo and hydropriming effect in two salt stressed chickpeacultivars. This research monitors the changes in growth factors, proline content, lipid peroxidation and H2O2 scavenging enzymesactivities in osmo (mannitol 4%) and hydro (water) primed plantlets of two salt stressed chickpea cultivars (Arman and Biv...
Autori: Akbar Mostajeran, Fatemeh Khodabakhsh, Rayhaneh Amooaghaie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26315

1,2-DICHLOROBENZENE OXIDATION USING INDIVIDUAL AND COMBINED EFFECTS OF OZONE AND ULTRAVIOLET IRRADIATION: CHEMICAL ABATEMENT AND IMPACT ON WATER TOXICITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractDue to its toxicity, persistence in the environment and specific properties, 1,2-dichlorobenzene (DCB) has been listed as apriority pollutant by the European Agency. In this study, the oxidation with ozone alone as well as in combination withultraviolet irradiation was applied for the degradation of DCB. This article presents the abatements obtained, after the varioustreatments proposed, in the levels of chemical pollution as monitored by chromatographic techniques (GC/ECD, GC/MS andHPLC...
Autori: Bertrand Sancey, Corina Bradu, Grégorio Crini
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26328

IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON WATER RESOURCES IN TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractGlobal climate change affects the temperature and precipitation. These changes have serious impacts on the availability of waterresources on regional basis. Turkey, being located in the Mediterranean Basin, is predicted to be severely affected by the adverseeffects of global climate change, particularly in terms of water resources. It is important to figure out the situation of the countryin terms of water scarcity induced by anthropogenic climate change in order to provide rational meas...
Autori: Özgür Aktaş
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26342

LAND-USE TYPE OF CATCHMENT VARYING NITROGEN CYCLE IN AN ENDANGERED SALMON INHABITED STREAM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe survival of Formosan landlocked salmon has been threatened by the change of habitat ambience. Because of the potentialtoxicity of nitrite (NO2-) and ammonium (NH4+) to salmonid fisheries, we studied the evolution of nitrogen compounddistributions in stream water and their relationship with ambient abiotic factors. The water was sampled at five sites surroundedwith various land-use types in bi-monthly intervals for seven years. The results indicated that a high NO2- concentration occu...
Autori: Wen-Hui Kuan, Yi-Lang Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26351

FACTORS AFFECTING BIOLOGICAL SULPHATE REDUCTION IN TANNERY WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractA pilot scale Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF) treating tannery wastewaters was operated for 160 days. The UAF was fed with lowCOD/SO42- ratio (SO42- = 1810 mg L-1, CODtotal = 2530 mg L-1) for the investigation of sulphate and COD removal as a functionof substrates limitation and ammonia and sulphide inhibition. Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) out-competed methanogenicbacteria due to the low influent COD/SO42- ratio, the high concentration of sulphide and the presence of inhibiting compoun...
Autori: Alberto Mannucci, Claudio Lubello, Giulio Munz, Gualtiero Mori
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26353

EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTS OF CARBON TAXES ON ECONOMY AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractUsing the provincial panel data of China during 1995-2009, this paper focused on the effects of carbon taxes on economy andcarbon emissions in China based on different scenarios. Our research makes the following conclusions: Carbon taxes will restraineconomy growth and curb carbon emissions, but the effects will continually decrease with the enhancement of carbon taxes.Increasing carbon taxes will increase output elasticities of capital and labour, but decrease output elasticity of energ...
Autori: Ru-yin Long, Shi-Chun Xu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26360

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBased on the improved C-D production function model, the relationship of China’s energy consumption, economic growth andcarbon emissions are comprehensively studied in this paper through the panel data in China from1991 to 2009. The researchshows that energy consumption and economic growth have a long-term equilibrium and a one-way causality relationship fromenergy consumption to economic growth. In both elasticity coefficients and contributive rate, energy consumption plays the mostimpo...
Autori: Huifeng Pan, Jian-Min Wang, Li Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26370

CARBON TAX DESIGN AND ITS IMPACT ON CHINESE REGIONAL ECONOMY BASED ON EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractThe adoption of Carbon tax is usually thought to be one kind of important economic measures to reduce carbon emissions. Onthe one hand, the adoption of carbon tax can reduce the use of fuels that contain high percentage of carbon, and promote thedevelopment and use of renewable energy. On the other hand, the measure will affect energy prices, supply and demand, andincome distribution, thus causing negative effects on economic growth. This paper discusses the design of the basic taxations...
Autori: Yan-bing Cai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26371

INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SPILLOVER ON CHINA’S CARBON EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBased on the 1995-2009 panel data from 29 provinces of China mainland, this paper uses the panel co-integration model to assessthe influence of technology spillover effect from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and that from import on the carbon emissionsof China. The result shows that both have an inhibitory effect on the carbon emissions, and the inhibitory effects brought by thelatter is more distinct than the former. Based on the analysis, we put forward several points on how to take b...
Autori: Jianping Liu, Qingbin Guo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26373

SPATIAL EFFECT ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) ON CARBON INTENSITY IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBecause of the current researches ignoring the spatial spillover effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), this study empiricallyanalyses the spatial spillover effects of FDI on carbon emission intensity by using the spatial panel data model. Results show thatthe spatial autocorrelation between FDI and carbon emission intensity in China is evident, and that FDI is not only conducive toreducing of carbon emission intensity of the local region whose space spillover effects but also has a...
Autori: Wei Zhang, Xiongfeng Pan, Yue Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26379

ACCUMULATION AND DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS IN PLANTS WITHIN THE TECHNOGENESIS ZONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractThe effects of natural (soil properties) and technogenic factors (atmospheric pollution by harmful industrial discharges, soilcontamination) on accumulation of heavy metals in natural grasslands have been studied at monitoring plots located within theinfluence zone of Novocherkassk power station. Contamination of grass plants by Ni, Cd, Zn and Pb occurs at plots located nearthis station along the line of wind rose. They are contaminated with Pb and Cd through vehicular emission as well. ...
Autori: Galina Motuzova, Saglara Mandzhieva, Sergey Kolesnikov, Svetlana Sushkova, Tatiana Bauer, Tatiana Minkina, Victor Chapligin, Yuriy Fedorov
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26384

VARIATION OF ANNUAL, SEASONAL, NOCTURNAL AND DIURNAL CONCENTRATIONS OF GASEOUS AND PARTICULATE POLLUTANTS IN SIX AREAS OF BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractThe importance of air pollution for health results from the major role the air plays in preserving life. The air pollution is one ofthe most serious problems of the current society, both temporally and spatially. The air pollution of the environment is stronglyinfluenced by meteorological factors because of a complex combination of emission processes, transport, chemicaltransformations and the removal of pollutants through wet and dry processes. This study established a database on ozone...
Autori: Gilda Rusu-Zagar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26391

MULTICRITERIAL ANALYSIS OF ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN THERMOELECTRIC POWER STATION AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractThe paper represents the application of a multicriterial analysis for establishing the decisional priorities in the field of impactsgenerated by polluting emissions from large burning installations. The analytic hierarchy process (AHP) method was used inorder to express quantitatively how the environmental protection and sustainable development objectives are met. Based onexperimental determinations carried out on site at Mintia Power Station, Romania and the brainstorming sessions held ...
Autori: Dan Codruț Petrilean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26398

BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES APPLIED TO PREVENT AND REDUCE CONCENTRATIONS OF DUST AND GASES RELEASED FROM POWER PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractEmployers notified about working places under special conditions are required to develop Preventive and Protective RevisedPlan, in order to ensure the improvement of workers safety and health protection, including specific measures and actions, so thatthose working places comply with the norms and operate under normal conditions by the late 31 December 2013.This paper considers some outcomes of the Nucleu Program PN 07450226 funded by Romanian National Authority for Research(ANCS) and de...
Autori: Marius Kovacs
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26404

ENVIRONMENTAL SOUNDNESS OF VIRTUAL SIMULATIONS FOR COAL BED DEGASSING PROCESSES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractMining industry, by underground coal exploitations allows the release of important methane quantities in the atmosphere.Methane can be found stored both in coal deposits, as well as in sterile rocks from the proximity of coal beds. By carrying out thedegassing process in advance of the exploitation, there can be obtained at least three benefits simultaneously: a new source offuel for heating devices, methane emissions reduction and ventilation costs reduction.With the help of computer, s...
Autori: Nicolae-Ioan Vlasin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26407

PROCEDURE FOR METAL CUTTING USING EXPLOSIVES, WITH LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractResearches aim to develop new knowledge in the metal cutting field, using a relatively new technique with a low number ofapplications nationwide, namely the flexible explosive charge with cumulative effect for fast and precise cutting of metals. Theprocedure of cutting with explosives is a process that involves using and handling materials in their solid phase.This procedure isespecially applied in cases where materials are mostly metals and it uses a directed and controlled cumulative e...
Autori: Ilie Ciprian Jitea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26410

DESIGN OF A MEASUREMENT MODEL FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE: APPLICATION TO THE FOOD SECTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractIn light of recent environmental crises, companies are rethinking their relations with key stakeholders who live in theenvironments in which they operate. To meet the expectations of groups concerned about the environment, companies must adopta responsible attitude for their surroundings to maintain sustainable development. Environmental monitoring is not always easy,given the many environmental consequences generated by business activities. This study proposes an innovative measurementm...
Autori: Carlos Atienza-Sahuquillo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26411

DYNAMIC CHANGE AND INFLUENTIAL FACTORS OF CARBON FOOTPRINT FOR ENERGY CONSUMPTION: A CASE STUDY OF WUHAN CITY, HUBEI PROVINCE, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractAs the threat posed by global climate change becomes more acute, action must be taken to mitigate carbon emission. Carbonfootprint, as a widely used term and concept, is increasingly being recognized as a valuable indicator in the field of GHG andcarbon emissions management. However, few attempts have been made to investigate precise relationship between carbonfootprint and influential factors. In this paper, STIRPAT model was employed to reveal the dynamic relationships betweencarbon fo...
Autori: Xiangmei Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26414

MONITORING EMISSIONS FROM LARGE COMBUSTION PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe most important aspect of the national environmental policy concerns air pollutant emission decrease. The studies led in orderto identify the atmospheric pollution sources have revealed that the energy sector is one of the biggest pollutants in the economy.Given the negative impact of the pollutant emissions on the environment and the possibility of closing the large combustionplants in case necessary measures to comply with the legal regulations in the field are not taken will signif...
Autori: Mirela Panainte
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26432

INTEGRATING ADAPTIVE LEARNING INTO ADAPTIVE WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractAdaptive water resources management recognizes the centrality of learning to its effective implementation. However, theliterature on learning in Adaptive Management (AM) is disjointed and lacks rigorous treatment. The purpose of this paper is toclarify how learning associated with AM is distinctive and to explain the importance of successfully integrating it into policydesign. Because adaptive learning holds a unique position within the adaptive management and assessment process, it shou...
Autori: Wietske Medema
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26450

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT AND TOTAL CHROMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY PLUM (P. domestica L.) TREE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe main purpose of the present work was to evaluate the potential of plum (P. domestica L.) tree bark (PDB) to remove Cr(VI)and total chromium from aqueous solutions in batch systems. Experimental data showed that the Cr(VI) and total chromiumremoval capacity was dependent on operating variables such as PDB particle size, PDB pretreatment, solution pH, initial Cr(VI)concentration, and contact time. The mechanism of Cr(VI) removal by PDB implies two simultaneous processes: 1) the reducti...
Autori: Perla Vianey Lopez-Nuńez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26464

METHOD FOR INVENTORYING CO EMISSIONS FROM ROAD TRAFFIC IN URBAN AREAS THROUGH TRANSPORT MODELING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractCarbon monoxide (CO) is a gas obtained both from natural sources (bush fires, volcanic emissions and electric discharges) andby anthropogenic processes (incomplete combustion of fossil fuels). Together with particulate matter, nitrogen oxides andhydrocarbons, it is part of the air pollutants associated with the transport sector, which have a negative impact on human health,animals and vegetation. In this paper the authors propose a methodology for assessing CO emissions from road traffic...
Autori: Gabriela Mitran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26466

RECOVERY OF WASTE GAS BY COMBUSTION IN AN ORIGINALLY DESIGNED PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThis work presents an original method and an automated installation to recover by combustion the waste gas obtained in theignition process of xylites in rotary kiln. The flue gas resulting from the combustion of waste gas, with light fuel support areused in the technological processes of obtaining activated carbon, satisfying the conditions where the oxygen content does notexceed 0.3 % vol. and the temperature is above 1200°C, conditions imposed by the Project Manager of the European pro...
Autori: Aurel Gaba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26461

SUSTAINABLE USE OF RECOVERED PAPER IN THE ROMANIAN PAPER INDUSTRY. PART II – ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractIn the last decades, the surface of Romanian forests decreased due to an intensive harvesting and, as a consequence, the price ofpulpwood significantly increased. In the same time, the regulations for environmental protection were successively hardened inRomania, so that all chemical pulp mills were closed for economic and environmental reasons. In these circumstances, Romanianpaper producers shifted to recovered paper as raw material. This decision is in accordance with trends of Europe...
Autori: Adrian Cătălin Puiţel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26462

COMBINED ULTRASONIC IRRADIATION AND AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION TREATMENT FOR OLIVE MILLS WASTEWATERS
Nr. 8
AbstractIn this study, the reduction of phenolic compounds and other organic pollutants from greenish black (GB) and dark brown (DB)olive mill wastewater (OMW) was investigated. Ultrasonic irradiation in combination with aerobic biodegradation was adoptedas the treatment technique. Operational parameters such as the duration of ultrasonic irradiation, ultrasonic power intensity andultrasonic frequency were tested to determine their effects on phenol, BOD, and COD degradations. It was found that ...
Autori: Zakaria Al-Qodah
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26484

BORON-DOPED DIAMOND ELECTRODE-BASED ADVANCED TREATMENT METHODS FOR DRINKING WATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractIn this study, boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode was tested in electrochemical oxidation and reduction processes using thesame vertical electrodes undivided cell in order to remove natural organic matter (NOM) and nitrogen compounds (NC) fromdrinking water. Boron-doped diamond-based electrochemical oxidation process has proven to be an efficient and versatilemethod suitable for NOM and NC in forms of nitrite and ammonium present in drinking water sources. However, the applicationof BDD...
Autori: Florica Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26492

FACTORS CONTROLLING KEY NITROGEN FLUXES IN GRASSLAND ECOSYSTEMS: CASE STUDIES – SOUTHERN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractEnhanced nitrogen inputs to both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems affects biodiversity at all its levels. Grasslands provide acomplex range of functions, due to their wide representation throughout terrestrial ecosystems. Numerous studies demonstratesoil acidification, eutrophication and species richness reduction as a result of elevated reactive nitrogen availability. The presentstudy aims to assess soil nitrogen stocks and transformations for two Romanian grasslands during November 2...
Autori: Carmen Postolache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26497

COMPARISON BETWEEN A RETROFITTED AND A NEWLY-DESIGNED OXYCOMBUSTION BOILER INTENDED TO BE USED IN CARBON DIOXIDE SEQUESTRATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractGreenhouse gases emissions represent a first-degree concern in power generation from fossil fuels combustion. Over the past twoand a half centuries, since the dawn of the industrial era, huge amounts of carbon dioxide have been released into the atmospherefrom combustion processes, most of it coming from fossil fuel-fired power plants. The effects of CO2 accumulation in theatmospheric environment become more and more apparent due to the increasingly strong greenhouse effect leading to gl...
Autori: Bogdan Horbaniuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26505

UNCERTAINTY IN CALCULATING AIR EXCHANGE RATE OF NATURALLY VENTILATED DAIRY BUILDING BASED ON POINT CONCENTRATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractAccurate quantification of gaseous emissions from livestock buildings to the atmosphere requires accurate determination of theventilation rate and the representative gas concentration in the exhaust air. But there is a lack in the investigation of reasons anduncertainties for selecting sampling points and locations in naturally ventilated dairy (NVD) buildings. The objective of thisstudy was to investigate uncertainties in calculating AER based on carbon dioxide (CO2) balance method. The...
Autori: Chayan K. Saha
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26515

ELECTROCHEMICAL RECLAMATION OF WASTEWATER RESULTED FROM PETROLEUM TANKER TRUCK CLEANING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractPetroleum tanker trucks are integral vehicles for delivering fuel and other petrochemical products from place to place and must becleaned regularly. Pressure washing with hot or cold water serving to remove oil and filth from the tanker truck container,produces oily waste water with an oil concentration of about 300-500 mg L-1 which, according to environmental standards andregulations worldwide, must be disposed of and treated properly. In the present paper an integrated electrochemical ...
Autori: Konstantinos Dermentzis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26520

SECONDARY MUNICIPAL EFFLUENT TREATMENT BY CATALYTIC WET HYDROGEN PEROXIDE OXIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractWater recycling and reuse, answering the needs of creating cleaner water resources, need to be closely related with water resourcemanagement and technologies. Current municipal wastewater treatment plants are capable to control conventional pollutants(carbonaceous compounds, particulate matter, nutrients). Priority organic compounds, like polyaromatic hydrocarbons,polychlorinated biphenyls, endocrine disrupting chemicals, personal care products, pesticides etc., may escape the treatment ...
Autori: Andreea Chelba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26521

QUALITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HOUSEHOLD GREYWATER IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAIN REGION OF HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractGreywater (GW) has attracted global attention as an alternative water source over the last few decades. GW treatment andreliable reuse require the overall qualitative characterization of samples from different sources. This paper represents aninvestigation of household-generated GW in the Northern Great Plain Region of Hungary. Modern and reliable analyticaltechniques and instruments (ion chromatography, microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometry, Zetasizer Nano Z analysis,etc.) were ...
Autori: Ildiko Bodnar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26528

ENERGY EFFICIENCY OBLIGATION SCHEMES IN THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY DIRECTIVE – AN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThis paper will focus on the 2012/27/EU Energy Efficiency Directive (EED). Because the EED is a rather new legal act, itsassessment from an environmental law perspective has been neglected in the scientific literature. The previous regulation(Directive 2006/32/EC on end-use energy efficiency) has already been analyzed from an ecological point of view (Bányai, 2013).Therefore, the next question automatically arises: does the new directive take steps to improve the European Union (EU)regul...
Autori: Orsolya Bányai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26532

HYDRAULIC BALANCING ANALYSIS OF A CENTRAL HEATING SYSTEM WITH CONSTANT SUPPLY TEMPERATURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractIn European countries with temperate climates, heating represents approximately 70% of the total energy consumption of aresidential building. Different Directives of the European Parliament and Council prescribe the enhancement of energy efficiencyand the reduction of energy demand of buildings. Consequently, the control of delivered heat is indispensable. The properoperation of the control system is possible only for balanced central heating systems. In the case of central heating syste...
Autori: Sándor Hámori
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26537

THE CARBON FOOTPRINT OF A BIOGAS POWER PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractIn our study, we examined the annual carbon footprint and energy balance of a Hungarian biogas power plant with a poweroutput of 0.637 MW in 2013, with reference to the complete life cycle of the biogas production. The life cycle analysis (LCA)considered the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) during the production of feedstock and its transportation into the powerplant, during the operation of the factory and during the process of rendering the discarded waste materials harmless. Weesta...
Autori: György Szabó
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26548

PHYTOACCUMULATION, COMPETITIVE ADSORPTION AND EVALUATION OF CHELATORS-METAL INTERACTION IN LETTUCE PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractPresent study was envisaged to study chelators-metal interaction in phytoaccumulation of metals as a bioremediation technologyto decontaminate metal pollution and adsorption of metals on soil. Lactuca sativa was used as model plant for phytoaccumulationto identify uptake of Cadmium (Cd) and Lead (Pb) and their subsequent accumulation in edible tissue of plant. Cadmium andlead were two selected metals for phytoaccumulation and copper was also studied for adsorption experiment. Green house...
Autori: Audil Rashid
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26568

ADVANCED OXIDATION OF AN AZO DYE AND ITS SYNTHESIS INTERMEDIATES IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION: EFFECT OF FENTON TREATMENT ON MINERALIZATION, BIODEGRADABILITY AND TOXICITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe objective was to study the degradation of azo dye C.I. Acid Orange 7 (AO7) and intermediates for its synthesis sulphanilicacid (SA) and 2-naphthol (2-N) by Fenton process. Full factorial design and response surface methodology were applied to modelthe system behavior influenced by studied process parameters ([Fe2+] and [H2O2]).Optimal process conditions were determined on the basis of mineralization efficiency. The effectiveness evaluation of appliedtreatment process was conducted on...
Autori: Sanja Papić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26569

STUDY OF A ROAD TEST TRACK WITH AND WITHOUT CRUMB RUBBER. SOLUTIONS FOR NOISE POLLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractEnd-of-life tires are waste materials that pollute landscapes when they are disposed of in tire dumps. However, its life cycle is notfinished when they are scrapped. The rubber of end-of-life tires could be used for new purposes as construction material in roadrehabilitation. A gap-graded mix characterization was carried out in this work by means of laboratory and field performancetests. The mixture has a high content of crumb rubber (CR) by weight of bitumen. Crumb Rubber was added to t...
Autori: Victor F. Vázquez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26577

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON ELECTROCATALYTIC CONVERSION OF CO2 INTO FUELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe CO2 electroreduction in gas phase using Pt on carbon black catalysts is investigated in this work. This process is expected tobecome a key technology to prevent anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Specifically, the electrocatalytic reduction in a solventless gasphase is studied, as a first approach to later develop a photoelectrocatalytic device for the efficient conversion of CO2 to fuelsusing solar energy for the reaction. The objective of this preliminary work has been the tuning up of t...
Autori: Fabiola Martínez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26578

ESTIMATING NATIONAL WILDFIRE EMISSIONS FOR THE LAST DECADE IN TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Wildfire emissions are a major contributor of atmospheric gaseous and particulate pollutants for local air pollution levels. With respect to wildfires, Turkey faces one of Europe’s most severe problems during summer. In this study, a database which holds data for wildfire emissions in Turkey for the last decade (between 2000 and 2009) was established in order to create a wildfire emissions inventory. The emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), n...
Autori: Faruk Dincer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26584

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SAFETY OF CO2 GEOLOGICAL STORAGE IN DEEP SALINE AQUIFERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Carbon capture and storage is one of the critical technologies that can enable the reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions of large industrial sites worldwide. The injection of CO2 into saline water formations is related with many factors and processes that control the safety of its long-term storage. This paper analyzes the leakage risks and the factors that influence the integrity of the cap rock in deep saline aquifer formation. Several pathways have leakage potential risks d...
Autori: Xiaojuan Qiao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26585

ENERGY USE, CONSERVATION AND EMISSIONS REDUCTIONS IN TAIWANESE COSMETICS INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This work performs an energy flow case study on the cosmetics industry in Taiwan. In addition, the energy-saving potential of these options is evaluated. It is found that the total potential energy saving amounts to around 2397.0 GJ. It represented a potential reduction of 179.8 tonnes in carbon dioxide emissions. This study establishes an energy flow analysis and energysaving method for this case study, in addition to identifying potential energy-saving areas. The greatest energy-s...
Autori: Te-Li Su
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26591

ECOPHYSIOLOGICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PARAMETERS FOR ASSESSING Cr+6 STRESS CONDITIONS IN Pterogyne nitens Tul.: NEW AND USUAL METHODS FOR THE MANAGEMENT AND RESTORATION OF DEGRADED AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Heavy metals, such as Cr (chromium), have received attention during recent years due to their disposal in soil and water. Brave peanut (Pterogyne nitens Tul.), a tropical tree, was cultivated in 500 mol L-1 Cr+6 to observe how this species responds to this stress, with a view to its possible application in the restoration of degraded areas. In the present study, we report the use of a new method, photoacoustic spectroscopy, to evaluate the emission of CO2 and ethylene and th...
Autori: Luisa Brito Paiva
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26602

SCREENING THE WEEKDAYS/WEEKEND PATTERNS OF AIR POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS RECORDED IN SOUTHEASTERN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Some of the major stressors of air quality in the urban areas are nitrogen oxides, ozone and suspended particles. The effect of air pollution on respiratory diseases can increase considerably at high levels of pollution and might trigger asthma symptoms. Longterm exposure can increase the rate of respiratory infections and symptoms at population level, but particularly in children. The goal was to analyze with statistical techniques the pollutant concentrations (NO, NO2, and SO2) re...
Autori: Daniel Dunea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26605

OPTIMIZATION OF REDUCTION OF COPPER USING Stenotrophomonas maltophilia PD2 BIOMASS AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
OPTIMIZATION OF REDUCTION OF COPPER USING Stenotrophomonas maltophilia PD2 BIOMASS AND ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK MODELING ...
Autori: Arpita Ghosh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26616

ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION OF THE HOSPITAL ENVIRONMENT DUE TO NEW GENERATION MOBILE PHONES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The aim of this paper is to characterize the electromagnetic pollution of the hospital environment and to determine what effects it could have on patient care, focusing on the electromagnetic interference phenomena of medical devices due to new generation mobile phones emissions. Measurements results of the electromagnetic background and mobile phone emissions are presented, along with the effects on specific susceptible medical devices. ...
Autori: Vlad Dafinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26620

SHORT-TERM RESPONSES OF NITROUS OXIDE FLUXES TO NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS ADDITION IN A PEATLAND ON THE TIBETAN PLATEAU
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The effects of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) addition to peatland ecosystem on emissions of nitrous oxide (N2O) were measured using the closed chamber method during one growing season within a peatland on the Tibetan Plateau. The highest N2O fluxes occurred during late spring (May), while fluxes of N2O were lowest during early autumn (September). No significant correlations were found between N2O emissions and soil temperature. Because of the sites stable hydrological conditions n...
Autori: Yongheng Gao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26626

CAUSAL ANALYSIS ON THE SPECIFIED PAROXYSMAL WATER POLLUTION INCIDENTS IN THE HUAI RIVER BASIN, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
In the Huai River Basin, pollutant masses are frequently concentrated into dams and sluices, which are subsequently discharged anddestroying the downstream ecology and environment. This phenomenon has been termed the specified paroxysmal water pollution incident (SPWPI), which has attracted worldwide attention as a large-scale water pollution problem. Studies of the formation mechanism of SPWPIs have become an urgent topic for fundamental research in water pollution prevention and control. I...
Autori: Şukru Dursun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26628

PRODUCT ECODESIGN IN COMPANIES WITH ISO 14001 CERTIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Product eco-innovation based on ecodesign principles is based on the idea of including the environmental aspects of a product over its entire life-cycle, thus providing the opportunity for manufacturing companies to intervene earlier during product development processes. The aim of this study was to gather information and evaluate the situation regarding ecodesign within the ISO 14001 certified medium and large manufacturing companies in the Republic of Slovenia by means of a questi...
Autori: Gregor Radonjič
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26630

CORRELATION ANALYSIS OF CH4 EMISSIONS FROM PADDY SOILS WITH CHANGES IN OXIDIZABLE ORGANIC CARBON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Soil organic carbon is one of the key substrates affecting methane emissions in paddy fields. However, not all soil organic carbon forms methane. This study therefore involved comparative analysis of the methanogenesis of different organic carbon sources (rice straw, chicken manure and pig manure) in paddy field soils. The results indicated that whereas methane emissions from the pig manure treatment (PM) were not significantly different to those associated with the application of c...
Autori: Jiamei Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26637

DEVELOPMENT AND OPTIMIZATION OF WATER BASED PAINT FORMULA IN ORDER TO REDUCE VOCs EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The interest in waterborne paints amelioration increased lately due to the toxicological effect of certain ingredients on human health, the restrictive environmental legislation and the depletion and escalation in price of raw materials. Research efforts in formulating waterborne paints are directed to insure low volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emission while maintaining and even improving their properties. This paper presents a waterborne paint formulation process. The required ...
Autori: Andrei Ionut Simion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26639

AN IMPROVED METHODOLOGY FOR DETERMINATION OF RADIOCHEMICAL AND CHEMICAL IMPURITIES IN THE SYNTHESIS PROCESS OF 18F-FDG (2-[18F] FLUORO-2-DEOXY-D-GLUCOSE)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract 18F-FDG is a glucose analog in which the hydroxyl group on the second carbon is substituted with 18F, being used as an indicator of glucose uptake and cell viability. The aim of this work was to synthesize the 18F-FDG and to validate the methodology for the assessment of its both radiochemical and chemical purities, according to the European Pharmacopoeia. The proposed methodology encompasses three chromatographic methods: radio-HPLC, radio-TLC and HS/GC. Radiochemical impurities ...
Autori: Mirela Mihon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26640

NEW COMPLEXES OF 2-(1H-1, 2, 4-TRIAZOL-3-YL) PYRIDINE WITH Co(II), Cd(II), Rh(III), IONS: SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE, PROPERTIES AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Co(II), Cd(II) and Rh(III) complexes with 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)pyridine (Htzp) as ligand were synthesized and investigated. The neutral mononuclear complexes with a generic [M(tzp)n] structure have been prepared from Htzp and corresponding transition metals chlorides at 2:1 and 3:1, respectively molar ratios in H2O–EtOH. The resulted crystalline complexes were investigated through magnetic and molar conductivity measurements, elemental analysis, FT-IR, mass spectroscopy, t...
Autori: Petronela Horlescu
ISSN: 1
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26652

GREEN SYNTHESIS AND CHARACTERIZATION OF GOLD NANOPARTICLES OBTAINED BY A DIRECT REDUCTION METHOD AND THEIR FRACTAL DIMENSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract Nanoparticles are very interesting materials due to their properties which can be different than those of the bulk and they have many applications in various domains, like electronic, catalytic or biomedical. Gold is one of the most studied materials and is used in many applications that will have the human being as recipient, that’s why gold nanoparticles should be obtained as environmentally friendly as possible. In this work, particles of around 50 nm were obtained in a so ...
Autori: Razvan State
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26676

EFFECT OF HYDROGEN ADDITION ON EXHAUST EMISSIONS AND PERFORMANCE OF A SPARK IGNITION ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The use of hydrogen in spark ignition engines as a supplementary fuel can enhance combustion and reduce toxic emissions. Difficulties in hydrogen storage and production limit its use in internal combustion engines. This paper investigates the performance of a spark ignition engine with the addition of a mixture of hydrogen (H2) and oxygen (O2) into the intake manifold. Hydrogen is produced by an alkaline electrolyser and consumed simultaneously to eliminate the need for a storage de...
Autori: Yasin Karagöz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26685

COMBINATION OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS AND GENETIC ALGORITHM - GAMMA TEST METHOD IN PREDICTION OF ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract This paper proposes an expert system based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to model road traffic noise. Feed-Forward Neural Networks (FFNNs) that are trained with the Levenberg-Marquardt back-propagation algorithm were used. Models were evaluated using mean squared error (MSE) and coefficient of determination (R2) as statistical performance parameters. In traffic noise modelling, the noise level at a receptor position due to the source of traffic emission is modelled as a funct...
Autori: Leila Khouban
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26700

CO2 CAPTURE AND ITS INFLUENCE ON ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY OF A COAL FIRED POWER PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Currently, conventional energy sources i.e. fossil fuels represent the main segment as regards electricity generation. Thus, their contribution to global CO2 emissions is considerable. This study considers carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a promising solution for the environmental problems we are now facing. Based on previous research, post-combustion capture (PCC) has been recognized as being the more appropriate technology for CO2 capturing from the existing power plants. The m...
Autori: Ales Hribernik
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26714

INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS FOR BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT – A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract The Organizations of the 21st century had evidenced that Management Systems and Standards have become a key aspect for their sustainable development and a prerequisite for their existence. In this recent decade, the Systems for Quality (ISO 9001:2008), Environment (ISO 14001:2004), Occupational Health and Safety (OHSAS 18001:2007), Corporate Social Responsibility (SA 8000:2008 and ISO 26000:2010) and Risk Management (ISO 31000:2009) form the core pillars of the Organization, supple...
Autori: Gopalakrishnan Muthu Samy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26720

THE EFFECTS OF TREE SPECIES ON REDUCTION OF THE RATE OF NOISE POLLUTION AT THE EDGE OF HYRCANIAN FOREST ROADS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Plants have an effective role in reducing noise pollution. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of broad-leaved and coniferous species on reducing noise pollution according to the distance from the sound source and the tree species type. For this purpose, 25 plots for coniferous species and 25 plots for the broadleaved species was selected. The decibel-meter (Casella Enhances CEL-630) and the trumpet (FIAMM) of machine were used to measure the sound level. Results indica...
Autori: Mehran Nasiri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26723

RESONANT TECHNIQUES AS NON-DESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUES (NDT) APPLIED TO COMPOSITE MATERIALS: CASE STUDY ON LOW VELOCITY IMPACTS DETECTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Impact damage is considered the primary cause of in-service delamination in composite materials and promotes significant reduction in residual strength. Non-destructive techniques (NDT) include several methods able to detect the shape and the size of the interior damages without destruction of the structure or component, which is economically advantageous. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the properties after low velocity impacts using an experimental-numerical procedure based o...
Autori: Ana Martins Amaro
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26726

CHARACTERISTIC OF ROAD DEPOSITED SEDIMENTS ON THE HIGHWAY OF HUNAN, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract This paper aims to analyze the characteristic of Road deposited sediment (RDS) using West Chang Tan highway, Hunan, China as a study site. RDS samples were collected at five representative highway sites and the particle size distribution was generally less than 150μm. Particles with the grain size (<150μm) had high metal concentrations among all sampling sites (unit: mg/kg): Cu 74-178, Zn 309-2737, Pb 601-1160, Cd 9.8-44.5. There is significant spatial variability between t...
Autori: Yunbo Zhai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26728

AN EFFICIENT ACTIVATED SLUDGE MODEL FOR OPERATOR SUPPORT IN PAPER MILL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract In paper processes, the variability of effluent composition and flow is impossible to predict and generally depends on the type of production method used and the manufacturing breakdowns suffered. Wastewater treatment plant operators find it difficult to maintain the efficiency of biological treatment processes. This paper focuses on activated sludge treatment modelling of paper mill wastewater to provide operators with additional support. Based on both standard activated sludge mod...
Autori: Catherine Cadet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26732

MODELING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF CYBERNETIC TRANSPORTATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Cybernetic Transportation System (CTS) is a relatively new branch of the Intelligent Transportation System, which can provide flexible transportation services for university campuses, resorts, and industrial parks. The proposed simulation approach is suitable for a preliminary assessment of CTS-related environmental impact in real-world driving conditions. The model is built to allow performance prediction of a single cybercar or the whole CTS in a wide range of operational conditio...
Autori: Leonid Tartakovsky
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26737

NOVEL USES OF RED MUD IN TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT, DYEING, AND CONCRETE PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Optimum conditions for the reusability of red mud were explored testing both dried and HCl-activated red mud as a coagulant in the treatment of dyehouse wastewater. Treated dyehouse wastewater was further reused in five dyebaths with different mixture ratios of distilled water (D) and treated wastewater (W) for dyeing fabrics at three color strengths of three reactive dyes. Sludge obtained from the optimum dosage of HCl-activated red mud was tested for its reuse potential in the pro...
Autori: Aylin Yildiz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26738

TOWARDS INCREASED WATER AND ENERGY EFFICIENCIES IN WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Along with nowadays growth of urban areas and population, it is more and more important to have better water resources management, especially regarding drinking water supply. Maintaining a good state of a water distribution network poses challenges that are addressed by research community. Two of the main challenges in management of water distribution systems are the reduction of energy consumption due to the high pumping requirements in some systems and/or reduction of water losses...
Autori: Mario Castro Gama
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26747

CO2 AND ENERGY FOOTPRINT OF DIFFERENT RETAINING WALLS SOLUTIONS. MASONRY RETAINING WALL vs. CANTILEVER RETAINING WALL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The paper presents the most economical and less polluting retaining wall system, calculated for the same site, having few different common heights used in design. The paper will highlight the importance of an environmentally friendly solution, but also the most economical solution, which should be the main criteria in the design. Two of the tools used in environmental life cycle assessments (LCA) are the carbon footprint and the energy footprint. The quantification of the carbon and...
Autori: Vasile Farcas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26753

REMOVAL OF AN ORGANIC REFRACTORY COMPOUND BY PHOTOCATALYSIS IN BATCH REACTOR – KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The present work systematically investigates the photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ), an organic compound, known as refractory to the conventional wastewater treatment by the titanium dioxide PC 500 catalyst. The effects of some fundamental operating parameters in heterogeneous photocatalysis were investigated in this work in order to determine the main ones affecting the degradation kinetics. The obtained results clearly showed that the removal rate of the target comp...
Autori: Lidia Favier
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26754

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF AN OPTIMISED WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM – CASE STUDY IN A GERMAN COMMUNITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Waste management does not try to dispose waste anymore but is searching for the best solution to manage valuable and scarce resources and reduce the negative impact on the environment. Preoccupation in Germany with regard to optimization of waste recuperation and valorization increases and separate collection systems for different waste fractions are taken into consideration. Within this study a pilot project was set up and its results are presented below. The investigation evaluate...
Autori: Mihaela Berechet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26758

EVALUATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND METHANE EMISSION FROM CLUJ-NAPOCA MUNICIPAL LANDFILL, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The municipal waste landfills are known as important anthropogenic sources of methane and carbon dioxide being the most important greenhouse gases. The present study estimates the methane and carbon dioxide emission from the municipal open dump landfill of Cluj-Napoca (Romania). Two different methods were used: the first method was based on in situ measurements, using the closed chamber technique and the second one was based on the 2006 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chan...
Autori: Gabriela-Emilia Popiţa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26761

GEARBOXES NOISE REDUCTION BY APPLYING A FLUOROPOLYMER COATING PROCEDURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Every day, millions of people are exposed to noise at work and to all the associated risks. It is a clear fact that the noise is an important problem in the industrial areas and moreover it becomes a significant issue in a wide range of other non-industrial environments as well. The current trend in the construction of gearboxes, regarding the speed increasing, favors the increase of the dynamic loads, which are accompanying the operation of equipments. The dynamic contact phenomen...
Autori: Zoltan Iosif Korka
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26765

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANJALUKA REGION WITH FOCUS ON LANDFILLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract This paper presents the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling used in the process of comparing the best technology for disposal municipal solid waste (MSW) in the Banjaluka region. Three scenarios were considered: unsanitary landfill, sanitary landfill with gas collection and burning on flare and sanitary landfill with energy recovery. The Banjaluka landfill is currently an unsanitary landfill because a system for collecting and treating gas has not yet been implement...
Autori: Draženko Bjelić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26767

RECOVERY OF SEWAGE SLUDGE ON AGRICULTURAL LAND IN LOMBARDY: CURRENT ISSUES AND REGULATORY SCENARIOS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Issues concerning the treatment and the recovery/disposal of sludge derived from the municipal WWTPs (Wastewater Treatment Plants) are gaining importance both in Italy and abroad. In Lombardy Region this aspect is particularly relevant due to both the amount of sludge produced and its remarkable reuse in agricultural soils. This paper discusses different strategies for land application of sludge in order to provide technical and regulatory guidance at regional level. The work is bas...
Autori: Maria Cristina Collivignarelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26769

COST-EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO CONTROL INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND COMFORT IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING RETROFITTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper presents a toolset for the efficient control of the indoor air quality and thermal comfort in retrofitted buildings. The refurbishment of existing buildings, compliant to actual regulations, often leads to airtightness and the consequent poor conditions for the occupants that could cause low productivity and even sickness. For this reason, the CETIEB (Cost Effective Tools for Better Indoor Environment in Retrofitted Energy Efficient Buildings) project developed innovative...
Autori: Gian Marco Revel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26770

CARBON FOOTPRINT OF ELECTRICITY FROM ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract In the context of biogas sustainability assessment, a promising way to reach greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction and fossil energy savings is the anaerobic digestion (AD) of both animal manure and energy crops. Nowadays, more than 1,100 AD plants are working in Italy, mostly located in Northern Regions. To those plants with an electrical power lower than 1 MW, strong public incentives were given, therefore, several of them have been put into operation; this entailed increasing cereal ...
Autori: Jacopo Bacenetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26771

OPTIMIZATION OF THERMOPHILIC ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF WINERY BIO-WASTE BY MICRO-NUTRIENTS AUGMENTATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Thermophilic anaerobic digestion is a suitable technology to treat agricultural waste because of its higher biogas production, hygienisation effect and solids removal efficiency. Although these benefits, poor effluent quality and instability are encountered in some cases. The anaerobic co-digestion of winery waste and waste activated sludge at 55°C, operating at 23 days HRT and with an organic loading rate of 3.2 kg COD/m3d, was characterized by accumulation of volatile fatty ac...
Autori: Cinzia Da Ros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26775

INVESTIGATION OF STRESS - STRAIN BEHAVIOUR OF RECYCLED AGGREGATE CONCRETE UNDER CYCLIC LOADS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The recent awareness about recycling also involves the resources used in civil engineering. The use of Recycled Aggregate Concrete (RAC) has several advantages in terms of conservation of natural resources and of reduction of pollution. Although the interest on the use of structural concrete with recycled aggregates is increasing, extensive studies on the mechanical behaviour of such materials that can allow their use in alternative to standard concrete are still lacking. As a conse...
Autori: Marco Breccolotti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26776

INDOOR AND OUTDOOR VOLATILE ORGANIC COMPOUNDS MONITORING IN A MULTI-STOREY CAR PARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract A VOC monitoring was carried out inside and outside a multi-storey car park in order to characterize the emission profile of vehicular traffic source in an indoor environment. BTEX, and in particular toluene, were the most abundant compounds in all monitored sites, with different compositions between indoor parking areas and outdoor sites. The motor vehicle exhaust and gasoline vapor emission in these enclosed parking garages were characterized by diffusion or degradation phenomena ...
Autori: Gianluigi de Gennaro
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26778

A HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS FOR RECOVERING RARE EARTHS AND METALS FROM SPENT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The recovery of raw materials from waste represents a sustainable growth opportunity for those countries with limited mineral resources availability. A case study for an integrated approach to recover raw materials from spent fluorescent lamps is presented, with the aim of improving the current treatments which are only able to recover the glass fraction. In particular a hydrometallurgical process was developed to obtain valuable metals such antimony, copper, and rare earths (yttriu...
Autori: Roberta De Carolis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26782

PYROLYSIS OF WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (WEEE) FOR RECOVERING METALS AND ENERGY: PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS AND CURRENT APPROACHES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The amount of collected Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in Europe is growing about 7 wt.-% per year (2007- 2012). It contains a number of economically relevant base, precious and high-tech metals. However, only a limited number of these metals can be recovered by currently applied recycling processes. Especially high-tech metals like gallium, germanium and tantalum get lost during the treatment of WEEE. The pyrolysis technology allows an accumulation of these metals...
Autori: Peter Hense
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26785

INTERSECTORIAL REUSE OF WASTE AND SCRAPS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BUILDING PRODUCTS: STRATEGIES AND VALORIZATION OF WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The European Commission has introduced a whole range of policies and initiatives to promote the product eco-innovation and the environmental impacts reductions. One of the key topic for the reduction of the environmental impacts is the waste recycling and reuse (turning waste into useful resources). A teamwork of Politecnico di Milano has developed a research work, still ongoing and continuously updated, called “The usefulness of the useless. Cross-sectorial evaluation of wast...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26788

ASSESSMENT OF INDOOR POLLUTION IN A SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT THROUGH BOTH PASSIVE AND CONTINUOUS SAMPLINGS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The aim of this study is to assess indoor air quality in an educational institute located in a suburban area of the Po plain (Italy). Samplings are carried out in preschool and elementary school classrooms, and also in the garden of the institute, to have information on outdoor levels. The monitoring is performed to determine the most important indoor pollutants (i.e. volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbonyls and NO2), by using diffusive passive samplers. Sampling in the classroo...
Autori: Ivano Vassura
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26797

FUZZY MULTI-OBJECTIVE MODEL FOR SUPPLIER SELECTION CONSIDERING MULTIPLE PRODUCTS IN LOW CARBON SUPPLY CHAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Today companies are facing more and more with pressures for reducing carbon emissions, as a consequence of the development of the green movement and because materials continue to generate very large impacts on carbon emissions. In this context, supplier selection is one of the most vital components in purchasing management, which becomes more and more important. However, most of the earlier researchers have not paid enough attention to supplier selection in low carbon supply chain. ...
Autori: Wei Pan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26799

DEVELOPING URBAN LOW-CARBON TRANSPORT SYSTEM IN DEVELOPED CITIES OF CHINA: THE EXAMPLE OF JINAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Economy depends heavily on transport. Since the overwhelming motor vehicles burn fossil fuels at present, transport system keeps producing CO2, which will speed up the climate change if fossil fuels are consumed excessively. Thus, Jinan, the economic center of China’s second developed province, aims to formulate a low-carbon transport system in future. This paper analyzes the causal relationship in transport system and discusses its CO2 emission situation according to the time...
Autori: Qiang Han
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26802

EVALUATION OF THE DEVELOPMENT LEVEL OF LOW-CARBON LOGISTICS IN BEIJING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Low-carbon logistics is an important part of the fight against global climate change. It is particularly important that rapidly expanding cities establish scientific and comprehensive evaluation indexes for low-carbon logistics in order to accurately and quickly determine their logistics development situation. This paper develops an evaluation index system, especially including low carbon technological progress, and applies the entropy weight method to calculate the weights of indic...
Autori: Yanchun Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26804

INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EMISSION REDUCTION TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract For the purpose of evaluating the effect of environmental regulations addressing Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction (ECER) on Chinese industry, this paper introduces a non-radial, non-oriented and slacks-based data envelopment analysis (DEA) model, energy conservation and undesirable output reduction slacks-based Malmquist index (EUSM index) and its decompositions. This model can simultaneously measure energy and non-energy inputs along with pollutant emissions in addition t...
Autori: Jing Xiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26805

INTEGRATION OF CONGESTION-RELATED EMISSIONS IN A TRANSIT BUS SCHEDULING PROBLEM DURING RUSH HOURS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The wide spread traffic congestion witnessed in urban transportation network, especially during rush hours, aggravates vehicle exhaust emissions. Previous studies reveal that congestion not only slows down the traffic flow but also significantly increases emissions. This highlights the need of accounting for congestion-related emissions in transportation planning. In this paper, congestion-related emission is incorporated into a transit bus scheduling problem by a nonlinear programm...
Autori: Yan Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26806

COORDINATING SUPPLY CHAINS TO REDUCE CARBON EMISSIONS THAT OF A RETAILER AND A SUPPLIER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Recently, the low carbon economy concept has attracted the interest of governments and enterprises. To achieve low-carbon economy, enterprises must invest in upgrading existing facilities, processes and products so as to reduce carbon emissions. Generally, the benefits of carbon emissions reduction of firms in a supply chain are significant, so the firms should share the investments. Based on this idea, we studied how to coordinate the supply chain to reduce carbon emissions. Specif...
Autori: Jing Gao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26807

RESEARCH ON SUPPLY CHAIN FUZZY-RANDOM MULTI-OBJECTIVE PROGRAMMING MODEL WITH CONSTRAINT OF CO2 EMISSIONS
Nr. 8
Abstract The uncertain phenomenon is very complex and using only fuzzy or random variable cannot describe it appropriate. In addition, low carbon is the requirement of the supply chain. In order to overcome those two issues, this paper describes the uncertain phenomenon in supply chain design under fuzzy random environment and constraints on CO2 emission. It considers that the demand rate is a fuzzy random variety, and builds a mixed integer optimization models featuring multiple products, m...
Autori: Zhixue Liao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26808

INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE COASTAL AREA IN JIAOZHOU BAY OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Jiaozhou Bay, a shallow semi-closed bay surrounded by Qingdao City, has become one of the most important industrial zones in Shandong Peninsula, China. The sound development of Jiaozhou Bay is crucial to the Qingdao regional economy and ecosystem, but rapid urbanization and industrialization of Qingdao have imposed numerous environmental stresses on Jiaozhou Bay. The influence of anthropogenic activities on the environment of Jiaozhou Bay is discussed based on satellite images, bath...
Autori: Zhao Jun Song
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26811

ASSESSMENT OF THERMAL ENERGY FOR NaCl PRODUCTION BY SOLAR ASSISTED EVAPORATION OF CONCENTRATED SALTWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Vacuum-tube thermal collectors are used to collect heat radiated by the sun. This heat is then used to drive the forced evaporation of concentrated seawater (saltwater) released by reverse osmosis and the extraction of NaCl. This paper reports heat consumption during evaporation. About 78.90% of seawater has to be evaporated in advance through insolation to initiate forced evaporation. This step is conducted to precipitate the NaCl because only CaSO4·2H2O are initially precip...
Autori: Huaigang Cheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26813

TREATMENT OF MATURE LANDFILL LEACHATE BY USING COMBINED ARB PROCESS AND SULFATE RADICAL OXIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Treatment experiments for mature landfill leachate were conducted by using combined aged refuse bioreactor (ARB) process and sulfate radical oxidation. In the ARB process, the effects of wet/dry ratios, hydraulic loading, and influent introduction time on contaminant removal were investigated. In the oxidation process, Na2S2O8 was activated by heat to generate powerful oxidants, such as sulfate radicals, to oxide residual contaminants in the effluent. The removal of chemical oxygen ...
Autori: Zhanmeng Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26818

RESEARCH ON SUPPLY CHAIN FUZZY-RANDOM MULTI-OBJECTIVE PROGRAMMING MODEL WITH CONSTRAINT OF CO2 EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The uncertain phenomenon is very complex and using only fuzzy or random variable cannot describe it appropriate. In addition, low carbon is the requirement of the supply chain. In order to overcome those two issues, this paper describes the uncertain phenomenon in supply chain design under fuzzy random environment and constraints on CO2 emission. It considers that the demand rate is a fuzzy random variety, and builds a mixed integer optimization models featuring multiple products, m...
Autori: Zhixue Liao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26824

MULTIVARIATE OPTIMIZATION TO DECREASE TOTAL ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN THE WATER SUPPLY SYSTEM OF ABBIATEGRASSO (MILAN, ITALY)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The application of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for water supply systems has steadily increased in the last 20 years. The city of Milan is presented as case study where the main challenge for the coming 20 years is the efficient use of energy. Opposite to other parts of the world, in Milan, water is neither scarce nor there is a growing need for supply. Given that the system completely relies on pumping, optimization algorithms and sensor technologies can be appl...
Autori: Mario E. Castro Gama
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26826

CERAMIC MEMBRANE BASED MICROFILTRATION FOR TREATMENT OF HIGHLY CONTAMINATED TANNERY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The feasibility of treating tannery wastewater having high organic loads was studied using ceramic membrane based microfiltration process. The common effluent treatment plant (CETP) of a centralized leather complex was selected for the study which accommodates about 450 tanneries in the city, processing hides from raw to finished products. Effluent sample was collected from different locations of the CETP, i.e. untreated composite effluent, effluent from primary clarifier and from ...
Autori: Priyankari Bhattacharya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26837

SOCIAL COST OF FOSSIL-BASED ELECTRICITY GENERATION PLANTS IN IRAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Energy costs not included in consumer utility invoices include human health problems triggered by air pollution from burning fossil fuels, and environmental degradation caused by global warming, acid rain, and water pollution. Such costs, peripheral to energy pricing, are called externalities because electricity producers and users do not pay for them directly. Society as a whole must pay. This pricing system masks the true costs of fossil-based electricity generation plants, result...
Autori: Hasan Karimzadegan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26862

TRUE COLOR REMOVAL FROM REAL TEXTILE WASTEWATER USING WASTE TEA LEAF POWDER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract This study investigated the use of tea waste to decolorize refractory dyestuff from textile wastewater. The influence of the solution pH and the contacting time were examined for various adsorbents, namely green tea-leaf powder (GTP), black tea-leaf powder (BTP), and powdered activated carbon (PAC). Results from batch experiments revealed that the reduction in true color (ADMI) increases with decreasing pH. The ADMI reduced from 1106 to 150 with 0.8 g/L of GTP at pH 2. The results a...
Autori: Chih-Huang Weng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26863

THE IMPACT OF TRAFFIC RELATED POLLUTION ON AIR QUALITY IN SIBIU REGION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Urban areas represent the main zones of anthropogenic emissions and, at the same time, includes the largest number of population exposed to air pollution. Data related to traffic hot spots locations in Sibiu urban areas are presented and discussed in this paper. It is important to assess the impact of changing climate conditions and concentration of pollutants, these aspects are of special interest because of high and increasing population of urban regions exposed to consequences of...
Autori: Valentin Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26887

SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PUBLIC HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Romania has recorded a dramatic number of road traffic accidents in the last five years. The latest European documents and statistics indicate that the country has the highest number of traffic fatalities across the Member States of the European Union. The aim of the paper is twofold. First, the authors aim to analyze the spatial characteristics of traffic accidents for the period 2010-2014: spatial distribution of accidents at county level, number of vehicles involved, socio-spatia...
Autori: Silviu Marian Ciobanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26893

KINETIC TESTS OF ANAEROBIC DECHLORINATION OF A POLLUTED GROUNDWATER IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The results of batch tests of anaerobic dechlorination on groundwater samples collected downgradient from an industrial site in Northern Italy are presented and discussed. The experiments were carried out using sucrose as electron donor at equimolar concentration and at selected excess with respect to the total reducible species. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of sucrose to achieve a complete chlorinated solvents degradations at the specific site, and ...
Autori: Luca Di Palma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26895

PERIODIC SYSTEMS AS ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE REDUCING DEVICES: PROTOTYPE AND STANDARDIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The design, the realization of the prototype and the acoustic standardization process of a novel periodic system made up of multiphysical phenomena scatterers as a road traffic noise reducing device are reported in this work. The structure analysed here, inspired by Sonic Crystals, has been designed following the guidelines established in recent works according to the concept of tunability. Thus, the acoustic barrier proposed here includes several mechanisms of noise control, such a...
Autori: Sergio Castińeira-Ibáńez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26900

REMOVAL OF METHYLENE BLUE BY AN AQUEOUS SUSPENSION OF NANO-SIZED TIO2 CONTAINING DIFFERENT SALTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The photocatalytic degradation (PCD) of methylene blue (MB) in aqueous suspensions of nano-sized TiO2 particles containing high concentrations of NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2 was studied. The rates of PCD and adsorption of ions were monitored by measuring the total organic carbon (TOC) and using inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry, respectively. The results showed that the removal rate decreased with increasing concentrations of NaCl, MgCl2, and CaCl2. The trend for th...
Autori: Yuping Jiang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26910

BIODEGRADATION OF HIGH GRAVITY DISTILLERY EFFLUENTS USING MICROBES FROM DIFFERENT ECOLOGICAL HABITATS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The distillery wastewaters lead to multiple environmental concerns due to release in large volume of pollutants in water-bodies. In the present study, microbes tolerant to 10-50%, v/v of distillery spent wash (DSW) and decolorization capacity were explored for decontamination. Total 32 microbes from various eco-habitats and depositary were examined to degrade DSW, initially at 10% and successively to 25 and 50%. Of these, 3 thermotolerant Pichia sp. viz. Y4, Y16 and D1C and an isola...
Autori: Bhagyashri Dandi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26911

REDUCTION OF TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS AND CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENTS USING THE ELECTROCOAGULATION PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract This study investigated the feasibility of electrocoagulation (EC) process on the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME). The effect of several parameters namely initial pH, current density, stirring speed and operating time on removal efficiency of total suspended solids (TSS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were investigated. The experiments were conducted batch wise using 400 mL of the POME per batch and pair of aluminum electrodes immersed in the reactor. At optimal initial...
Autori: Firdaus Ghazali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26914

IRON ELECTROCOAGULATION WITH ENHANCED CATHODIC REDUCTION FOR THE REMOVAL OF AQUEOUS CONTAMINANT MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract This study presents enhanced reduction of soluble contaminants in a modified electrocoagulation process that is capable of treating a mixture of aqueous contaminants. By incorporating an iron foam cathode, the process can remove aqueous trichloroethylene (TCE) by 99.1% and nitrate ions by 98.2%, which represents 58.1 and 20 percent higher than the removal rates achieved by iron plate cathode, respectively. pH and ORP measurements indicate the development of a reducing electrolyte c...
Autori: Xuhui Mao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26915

NITROUS OXIDE EMISSION DURING NITRIFICATION OF INFLUENTS WITH DIFFERENT AMMONIUM CONCENTRATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
As the serious effect of climate change and global warming is recognized, nitrous oxide (N2O) emission during wastewater treatment is receiving lots of attention due to its high potential to greenhouse effect. In this study, nitrifiers were acclimated in sequencing batch reactors with influent ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) concentrations of 60 mg/L (SBR60) and 180 mg/L (SBR180), respectively. Nitrous oxide emission during nitrification was examined in both typical cycles and batch experiments. T...
Autori: Enge Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26926

EFFECT OF CLAY SOIL CONTENT ON FECAL BACTERIA REMOVAL IN AN INTERMITTENT MEDIA INFILTRATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Water scarcity, the degradation of freshwater resources, and wastewater pollution are reaching crisis levels, especially in arid regions of the world. The reuse of wastewater was investigated by using intermittent media infiltration (IMI) to evaluate fecal coliform (FC) removal efficiency. Twelve IMI columns were packed with soil and natural filtering materials (sand, zeolite, vermicompost and charcoal) at percentages of 25, 50 and 75. The municipal wastewater was treated for the FC analysis ...
Autori: Sasirot Khamkure
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26935

ECO-EFFICIENCY INDICATORS IN THE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF THERMAL POWER PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Eco-efficiency is a key concept which brings together two essential aspects for economic progress and ecological aspect. Ecoefficiency indicators are very relevant and play an important role for environmental cost management. For a thermal power plant, which has a great impact on the environment, these indicators involve lower costs and efficient use of energy, water and fuel. The paper proposes a number of eco-efficiency indicators applicable to a thermal power plant, according with specific...
Autori: Roxana Grigore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26938

BIODEGRADATION OF BASIC FUCHSIN AND METHYL RED BY THE BLUE GREEN ALGAE Hydrocoleum oligotrichum AND Oscillatoria limnetica
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
In this work biodegradation of basic fuchsin and methyl red by the blue green algae Hydrocoleum oligotrichum and Oscillatoria limnetica was investigated. The degradation of basic fuschin after 7 days by H. oligotrichum and O. limnetica was 92.44% and 90.23%, respectively. On the other hand, the degradation of methyl red by H. oligotrichum and O. limnetica after 7 days was 53.23% and 50.18%, respectively. The degradation of these dyes by algae seems to be related to the molecular structures of...
Autori: Ghada W. Abou-El-Souod
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26949

COMBINED AEROBIC AND H2O2/SULFURIC ACID TREATED ACTIVATED CARBON-FENTON TREATMENT OF AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Treatment of agrochemical industry wastewater is difficult to carry out unless integration with some advanced oxidation process (AOP) is used. The present study deals with treatment of an agrochemical industry wastewater, first using activated sludge and then with sulfuric acid treated activated carbon (SAAC) in presence of Fenton reagent. During the activated sludge treatment the food-to-microorganisms (F/M) ratio is varied from 0.1 to 0.2 mg chemical oxygen demand (COD) per mg mixed liquor ...
Autori: Makarand Vasant Karkare
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26957

APPLICATION OF THE FLOCCULATION PROCESS IN THE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The flocculation process is applied in wastewater treatment to separate the destabilized colloid particles (or the particles formed during the coagulation phase) by forming flocs. The scope of this research was to identify the predictability of the synthetic organic flocculants use for industrial wastewater treatment. The research was performed at small scale, in laboratory, but also at industrial scale, by applying the synthetic organic flocculants in a real industrial wastewater treatment p...
Autori: Mariana Turcu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26975

GASOLINE AND DIESEL AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION INVESTIGATED BY SPECTRAL AND CHEMOMETRICS TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Cameroon's coast that is located in the Guinea Gulf oil region was exposed to hydrocarbon pollution due to oil exploitations and other petroleum activities. The intrinsic biodegradation of hydrocarbons is essential for the depollution methods of the marine environment. Nevertheless, these do not represent a common practice in Cameroon. This study aimed to assess the capacity of bacteria of Cameroon’s waters coast to degrade gasoline and diesel. The kinetic degradation of gasoline an...
Autori: Lucie Leme Banock
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26983

ECO-INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MITIGATING GASEOUS EMISSIONS FROM WASTEWATER COLLECTION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The study aims to identify important challenges that the practitioners and researchers in wastewater collection systems are facing in order to reduce the emissions of hydrogen sulphide and greenhouse gas emissions. Based on literature review, it identifies the main technologies used for avoiding and removing odorous compounds from wastewater gas streams. The paper also highlights issues pertaining to the emission and biofiltration of hydrogen sulphide, methane and nitrous oxide from sewage co...
Autori: Iulia Carmen Ciobotici Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26984

WOOD WASTE AS A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The renewable sources of energy represent a viable alternative for satisfying the energetic needs of humanity in case the fossil fuels reserves are exhausted, which is estimated to occur in maximum 25 years if the current rate of exploitation is maintained. Nowadays, there are several concerns about the valorization of the energetic potential of these resources (wind, water flows, solar, geothermal energy etc.), but also a series of extremely beneficial practical uses (i.e. wind parks, photov...
Autori: Daniela Suteu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26989

OCCURRENCE OF PLASTIC WASTE IN THE ENVIRONMENT: ECOLOGICAL AND HEALTH RISKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Environmental threats posed in the environment by plastic production and plastic wastes continue to be a major problem today, closely connected with the increase of plastics consumption by the population. Moreover, little efforts are involved in some parts of the world associated to plastic waste collection, recycling and reuse. Considering all these prerequisites, the identification and discussion of risks generated by plastic production and waste in the environment are performed in this pap...
Autori: Elena - Diana Comăniță
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26990

MEASUREMENTS OF O3, NOX AND VOCs DURING SUMMER IN BEIJING, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Measurements were taken for Ozone (O3) and its precursors simultaneously from June to August 2008 in Beijing. We analyzed the spatial and temporal variability of O3 and its precursors and the roles of the precursors in O3 formation. The results suggest that O3 mixing ratios are higher in rural areas than in urban areas. Highest mixing ratios of VOCs were alkanes, followed by aromatics; alkenes and biogenics were present at lower mixing ratios. Because of their relatively high reactivities, ar...
Autori: Junlin An
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26994

ASSESSING THE ROLE OF Phragmites australis IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Treatment of domestic wastewater using constructed wetland system vegetated with Phragmites australis was studied at lab scale. Response surface methodology (RSM) a mathematical model was employed for analyzing the effect of independent factors (inlet flow rate, outlet flow rate, retention time) on wastewater parameters e.g. electrical conductivity, BOD5, COD, nitrates, phosphates, total solids, suspended solids, heavy metals in order to maximally treat wastewater. All independent variables w...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26999

NITRATE DEPENDENT DEGRADATION OF XYLENE ISOMERS BY PSEUDOMONAS CHLORORAPHIS UNDER ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
A pure strain of Pseudomonas chlororaphis DJ-4 capable of anaerobic biodegradation of o-xylene, m-xylene and p-xylene was isolated from gasoline contaminated soil. In batch cultures, growth of the strain and biodegradation of xylene isomers led to stoichiometric reduction of nitrate. P. chlororaphis DJ-4 could degrade 150 mg L-1 of m-xylene completely within 12 days and without a lag period. However, higher initial concentrations of o-xylene and p-xylene were toxic to the bacterium of P. chl...
Autori: Junfeng Dou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27005

A STUDY ON RECOVERY OF SILICA AND ALUMINA FROM FLY ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Fly ash is the major residue produced during the combustion of coal. Research has been carried out to recover silica and alumina from fly ashes collected from different thermal power plants in India. Silica and alumina from the fly ash were recovered and the recovered products were subjected to X-ray diffraction, X-ray fluorescence and Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectroscopy analyses to estimate the silica and alumina content. Total recovered silica content in the samples was...
Autori: Ruth Sherly Endluri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27007

MITIGATION OF GASEOUS EMISSION FROM BURNER SYSTEM UTILIZING ENVO DIESEL FUEL VIA AIR STAGING METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Emission from the combustion processes can cause adverse effect to the environment. The formation of pollutants such as oxides of nitrogen (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxides of sulphur (SOx) are hazardous and harmful to the ecosystem. Due to these pollutants and also depletion of fossil fuel, several steps should be taken in order to mitigate this problem. Biofuel is known as the potential replacement for fossil fuel. Envo Diesel is one form of biofuel that can be us...
Autori: Mohammad Nazri Mohd Ja’afar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27011

MONITORING OF RADIOACTIVITY LEVEL IN AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE PRODUCED IN ROMANIA AND RISK ASSESSMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
This paper presents the results of measurements related to the activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) used as building materials for various constructions in Romania. Radiation index (I) and the hazard index (HI) were estimated to assess the risk arising from the usage of AAC materials. Our study considered various AAC samples produced by different companies, in 2015. The activity concentrations of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were measured using by a gam...
Autori: Dorina Nicolina Isopescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27018

MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES FOR HEAT EXCHANGERS USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The issues of global warming and reducing energy consumption led to an evolutionary progress of research to find as many solutions as possible for solving these environmental issues. The need to ensure a sustainable energetic development while achieving effective protection of the environment has led to the amplification of activities based on secondary energetic resources combined with low energy consumption industrial technologies. In the present paper it is discussed how to recover thermal...
Autori: Timea Gabor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27030

BUILT ENVIRONMENTS AND ‘DIRECT’ ENERGY CONSUMPTION – A CONCEPTUAL METHODOLOGY FRAMEWORK TO FACILITATE DELIVERY OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE ACT 2008
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The generation of energy via fossil fuel burning results in carbon emissions. These emissions contribute to the climate change of our world, particularly in terms of global warming. On the contrary, energy has become blood of life for the existence and functioning of our built environments. In order to control carbon emissions, the UK has taken lead among many countries around the globe and especially in Europe by passing a bill for the Climate Change Act 2008 which legally binds the UK to at...
Autori: Talib E. Butt
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27045

COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON OF A FEW VARIANTS OF CLUSTER ANALYSIS AS DATA MINING TOOL IN SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
A few variants of hierarchical cluster analysis (CA) as tool of assessment of multidimensional similarity in environmental dataset are compared. The dataset consisted of analytical results of determination of metals (Na, K, Ca, Sc, Fe, Co, Zn, As, Br, Rb, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Sm, Hf and Th) in ambient air dried and kept alive, by the means of hydroponics, moss baskets collected in 12 locations on the area of Tricity (Poland). The selected urban locations covered sites of various anthropoge...
Autori: Aleksander Astel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27046

PONDS DELINEATION IN VARIOUS URBAN LANDFORMS. CASE STUDY FOR CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Urbanization and industrialization have led to the increase in impervious surfaces, the reduction of water seepage into soil and the increase of runoff discharges in urban areas. The overland flow may be carried over long distances along the streets and sidewalks depending on the land slope and morphology, while in lowland, water tends to accumulate in ponds. In this research, we aim to identify these ponds in the floodplain, slope and urbanized interfluves in Cluj-Napoca. The ponds outline t...
Autori: Ionel Haidu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27063

EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS OF DOUBLE SWIRL COMBUSTION SYSTEM FOR A DIESEL ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Experimental research focus on the emission characteristics of a diesel engine employed a new combustion system-double swirl combustion system (DSCS) is carried out. The influence of spray angle on diesel emission characteristics with DSCS is analyzed by experimental and numerical method. Main emissions such as particulate matters (PM) and nitrogen oxidants (NOx) are measured in diesel engine with DSCS and the original engine. Also, fuel consumption, combustion pressure, heat release rate are...
Autori: Liwang Su
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27087

OPTIMIZATION OF SOME ALTERNATIVES TO NOISE BARRIERS AS NOISE MITIGATION MEASURES ON MAJOR ROADS IN EUROPE. CASE STUDY OF A HIGHWAY IN SPAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
There is an extensive literature covering a number of considerations for installing noise barriers to protect living areas. In fact, noise barriers are the most popular mitigation measure on major roads across Europe. This paper aims to review some situations where the use of noise barriers is not fully recommended. Fortunately, there are available wide ranges of technical noise solutions as an alternative to the barriers. What we propose in this article is to create a simple procedure to hel...
Autori: Alina Mihaela Petrovici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27088

PROGRESSES IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING CONCERNING THE RETENTION OF TOXIC WASTE FROM NEW PHARMACEUTICAL FORMS WITH ANTI-FUNGAL ACTION AND THE PROTECTION OF WASTEWATER QUALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Researching and industrializing a new pharmaceutical form results in an impressive amount of waste due to the methods used. Despite numerous reports about the addition of pharmaceutical ingredients to the environment, the effect they have on the environment at the nanogram (ng) level remains largely unknown; thus, it has been proposed to retain toxic compounds using Dowex resins in biomucoadhesive tablets containing miconazole nitrate, an antifungal medication. This study demonstrates the re...
Autori: Magdalena Bîrsan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27091

INFLUENCE OF PRINTING MICROCLIMATE PARAMETERS ON ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL EMISSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The concentrations of isopropyl alcohol were monitored during the working time (8 hours) in three different printing plants (two sheet-fed offset and one digital) in Novi Sad, Serbia, using portable gas chromatograph. The concentration levels were below the recommended limits by the U.S. National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Unequal presence of isopropyl alcohol in printing plants involved a multiple linear regression analysis of microclimate parameters using program ORIGIN 5...
Autori: Jelena Kiurski
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27096

STUDIES ON THE USE OF CALCIUM HYPOCHLORITE IN THE TiO2 MEDIATED DEGRADATION OF PHARMACEUTICAL WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The present study investigates the effect of addition of calcium hypochlorite in the titanium dioxide (TiO2) mediated degradation of bio-recalcitrant wastewater from pharmaceutical industry. The degradation studies were carried out in photoreactor irradiated with ultraviolet (UV) light at 365 nm under slurry mode. The reduction in chemical oxygen demand (COD) was estimated as an index of degradation. The influence of process parameters viz., catalyst dose, pH, oxidant concentration and source...
Autori: Amit Dhir
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27097

CAN DISINTEGRATION BASED ON COD (DDCOD) REPRESENT THE BIODEGRADABILITY OF DISINTEGRATED SLUDGE?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The research presented in this paper aimed to investigate the relationship between sludge anaerobic biodegradability and degree of sludge disintegration based on COD (DDCOD) in a wide range from 0 to 66.7%. Sonication as an advanced sludge pretreatment was used to disintegrate sludge. Meanwhile, biogas production in the anaerobic digestion process was used to present the sludge biodegradability. The performances of anaerobic digestion for pretreated sludge at different degrees of disintegrati...
Autori: Shuyu Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27100

COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT STUDY OF THREE WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Three different winter wheat production systems for three European countries (United Kingdom, France and Italy), all with different climatic conditions, soil management and input levels (e.g. tillage, fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides) were analysed from an environmental perspective. The intended applications were the analysis and comparison from a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) perspective and the identification of the key parameters which have the greatest influence on final results. The ...
Autori: Daniele Cambria
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27102

EFFECTS OF NITROGEN ON METHANE PRODUCTION AND OXIDATION AND DISSOLVED ORGANIC CARBON IN A FRESHWATER MARSH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Freshwater marshes are the single largest source of atmospheric methane (CH4). Climate change and anthropogenic nitrogen (N) deposition can alter the production and oxidation of CH4 respectively and thereby also CH4 exchange. But there was little known about how N regulate key carbon (C) processes, like CH4 production and oxidation under freshwater marshland conditions. In this study, field-fertilization and incubation experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of four N-fertilizat...
Autori: Lihua Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27107

PRELIMINARY EVALUATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF WATER TREATMENT PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Urban water cycle, managing water supply, distribution, potabilization and wastewater treatment, comprehensively involve a considerable consumption of chemicals and energy. This study proposes an overview of the factors contributing to the environmental impact of Water Treatment (WT) process. The approach is based on the evaluation of Carbon Footprint, the environmental indicator able to relate direct and indirect emissions generated by any process in terms of CO2 equivalents. Energy consump...
Autori: Florina Fabian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27113

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM BIOGAS IN PALESTINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
In Palestine, the energy situation is unique compared to other Middle Eastern Countries, as there are technical and political challenges for transporting, storing, importing and exporting energy. Actually, energy import from Israel meets the major share of Palestinian energy needs. Palestinian reliance on Israel concerning its energy supply is an issue due to the political situation. Furthermore, from an environmental point of view, Israel predominantly relies on fossil fuels for its own elec...
Autori: Jacopo Bacenetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27120

PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTIC FROM WASTE OILS BY RECOMBINANT Escherichia coli: A PIT-STOP IN WASTE FRYING OIL TO BIO-DIESEL CONVERSION RACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Waste frying oil (WFO) is a complex and heterogeneous waste collected mainly from restaurants and, to a lesser extent, from food processors and households. In the last decades, interest for this waste has deeply grown and a strong competition in grabbing this raw material has begun. About 90% of WFOs collected in Europe is recycled for biodiesel production, being the high free fatty acids (FFAs) concentration in WFOs one of the main drawback limiting the yield of the conversion process. In th...
Autori: Cinzia Pezzella
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27130

SANITATION RESPONSE IN EMERGENCIES: LESSONS LEARNT FROM PRACTITIONERS IN POST-EARTHQUAKE HAITI
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
The January 2010 earthquake in Haiti caused catastrophic damage, and the displacement of about 1.5 million people in urban and peri-urban areas of Port-au-Prince. A web-based questionnaire was developed and sent to international organizations working in Haiti through the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Cluster in order to assess how humanitarian actors responded to the sanitation needs for Internally Displaced People (IDP). The findings showed different sanitation systems being implement...
Autori: Daniela Giardina
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27133

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PHYTOSYNTHESIS OF SILVER-BASED MATERIALS USING Cornus mas L. FRUITS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
The aim of the present study was to prepare environmentally friendly silver-based materials using Cornus mas L. fruits extract. For this purpose, silver nanoparticles (Cornus mas-AgNPs) were green synthesized using this plant extract. The bioreduction of silver ions was analyzed by UV–VIS and ATR-FTIR spectroscopic studies. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) analysis revealed the formation of spherical phyto-nanosilver particles with size ranging between 12 and 40 nm. Different amounts ...
Autori: Ioana-Raluca Suica-Bunghez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27139

EDITORIAL Livestock Waste Management and Resource Recovery 1st International Conference on Recent Advances in Pollution Control and Resource Recovery for the Livestock Farming Industry LivestockWaste 2013
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
This special issue of Environmental Engineering and Management Journal (EEMJ) contains papers that were delivered at the LivestockWaste 2013 conference, which took place in Jiaxing City, Zhejiang Province, China in 25-26 October, 2013. The topic of the conference was on recent advances in resource recovery and pollution control for livestock waste management. The papers included in this special issue focus on the following areas: (1) policies and regulations on management of animal waste; (2) te...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27144

ACCUMULATION OF ANTIBIOTICS AND TET RESISTANCE GENES FROM SWINE WASTEWATER IN WETLAND SOILS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
The accumulated characteristics of typical veterinary antibiotics (tetracyclines, sulfonamides, quinolones and macrolides) and tetracycline resistance (tet) genes in the different wetland soils (Krasnozem and Chernozem), and the effects from Phragmites australis were evaluated in this study. Results indicated that the concentrations of targeted antibiotics and tet genes in soils with swine treatment would increase as time progressed. The tet genes and targeted antibiotics (except sulphonamide...
Autori: Lin Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27145

ANALYSIS OF TOTAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY POLLUTANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
During the Twelfth Five-Year period (2011-2015), agricultural sources have been incorporated in the total emission reduction policy for the first time in China. The discharge from livestock and poultry industry has become a focus for increased research. Based on the present situation of total emission reduction from livestock and poultry industry, this paper analyzes the pollution reduction problems such as data, measures and regulations, and provides the suggestions such as “reliable d...
Autori: Yueying Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27148

WHAT CHINA CAN LEARN FROM THE PRACTICE OF POLLUTION PREVENTION AND WATER ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN NEW ZEALAND DAIRY INDUSTRY?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
China has witnessed a rapid growth of livestock breeding industry. Pollution from livestock breeding industry has also increased unprecedentedly and become a big issue of environmental quality. China has attached great effort to address the issue associated with intensive livestock breeding. In 2009, China and New Zealand started a cooperation project on pollution prevention and waste emission reduction in dairy industry. It is meaningful to borrow experience from well-developed countries to fac...
Autori: Jinping Tian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27152

EMISSION OF CH4, N2O AND NH3 FROM VEGETABLE FIELD FERTILIZEDWITH ANIMAL MANURE COMPOSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from vegetable land are of great concern because agricultural land is one of major sources contributing to global GHG emissions. In this study, the emission of GHG (methane, CH4; nitrous oxide, N2O; and ammonia, NH3), as well as the factors affecting GHG and NH3 emission were investigated in land planted with Lactuca sativa L. and treated with different animal manure composts in a greenhouse located in Beijing. Methane emission flux was significantly affected by so...
Autori: Zhen Ge
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27153

IMPACT OF COD:N RATIO ON N2O EMISSIONS DURING LIVESTOCK WASTEWATER TREATMENT VIA THE NITRITE PATHWAY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
This study examines the impact of the chemical oxygen demand to nitrogen ratio (COD:N) on nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions during N removal via a nitrite (NO2−) pathway for synthetic livestock wastewater treatment. Based on typical cycle operations, 1.07 ± 0.07% of the incoming N load was emitted as N2O at a COD:N ratio of 3:1. This was higher than the 0.83 ± 0.08% emitted at a COD:N ratio of 6:1. The low COD:N ratio in the synthetic livestock wastewater may thus cause increa...
Autori: Qiang Kong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27157

EFFECTS OF ADDITION OF RED MUD ON EMISSION OF GREENHOUSE GASES AND AMMONIA FROM FULL-SCALE SWINE MANURE WINDROW COMPOSTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
It is of great concern to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) and ammonia (NH3) emissions from animal manure composting in China. The purpose of this study was to investigate effects of adding red mud on emissions of GHG (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O)) and NH3 in full-scale swine manure windrow composting. Two full-scale swine manure windrow composting experiments were carried out to compare emission of GHG and NH3 with and without addition of red mud. Results showed that the addition of modified...
Autori: Chenyang Zhao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27158

PILOT FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF WOODCHIP BIOFILTERS IN THE TREATMENT OF SEPARATED PIG MANURE DIGESTATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Three pilot-scale biofilters consisting of 1 m aerobic woodchip layers and 0.5 m submerged woodchip layers were constructed to treat the separated pig manure anaerobic digestate (SAD). Reductions of 54% dry matter, 80% of chemical oxygen demand (COD), 93% of 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), 86% of total nitrogen (TN) and 79% of total phosphorus (TP) were achieved. The study results confirm the occurrence of nitrification in the aerobic woodchip layers and denitrification in the submer...
Autori: Kathy Carney
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27161

ANALYSIS OF SOLID WASTE GENERATION IN A UNIVERSITY CAFETERIA IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Environmental problems that result from increases in the generation of urban solid waste are compounded by the inadequate management of wastes generated by large-scale meal production at Food and Nutrition Units (FNUs). With the growth of eating out sector, solid waste management of FNUs should be focused on minimizing waste generation, while considering all regulations enforced, including those related to hygienic quality of food. The goal of this study was to determine the quantities and t...
Autori: Jaqueline Zotesso
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27168

DIFFUSION CHARGING EFFECTS ON PM10 COLLECTION EFFICIENCY IN A WIRE-PIPE ESP UNDER MULTI-FIELD COUPLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this study, a mathematical model was introduced to calculate the collection efficiency of dust particles in a wire-pipe single-stage electrostatic precipitator (ESP). The aerodynamic diameters of these particles are less than 10 μm (PM10). The mathematical model, using combined Deutsch-Anderson Equation, considers coupling effects among gas flow field, electric field and particle field. A simplified 2-D ESP model was established using GAMBIT and a software application (FLUENT) was used to ...
Autori: Jian-Ping Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27172

TECHNICAL POTENTIAL FOR USING BIOMASS AS A FUEL IN COGENERATION PLANTS IN SERBIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
The need for ensuring safety of energy supply, as well as the tendency to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has led to greater use of energy efficient technologies and renewable energy sources. Cogeneration (combined production of heat and electricity) is one of high-efficiency technologies, because the losses of primary energy are less than losses from the separate generation of heat and power. Consequently, in 27 EU member-states 70% of the district heating is based on cogeneration plants. Us...
Autori: Vladimir Vukašinović
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27177

COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT DURATION OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC PHASES ON ACID RED 18 REMOVAL IN SEQUENCING BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this work, the effect of cyclic anaerobic/aerobic conditions on the biodegradative capability of the mixed microbial culture for the azo dye Acid Red 18 was investigated in the sequencing batch reactors. For this purpose, five anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactors were operated under the same operation conditions at different anaerobic/aerobic reaction times. The whole reaction time was 22-h with anaerobic/aerobic periods of 6/16, 10/12, 14/8, 18/4 and 22/0 (h/h) in An/ASBR1 to 5, respe...
Autori: Mohammad Hakimelahi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27191

BIOREMEDIATION OF CHROMIUM(VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY Aspergillus niger: OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS PARAMETERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Hexavalent chromium, Cr(VI), is one of the toxic heavy metals released into the environment by a number of industries, so it is crucial to limit its further discharge into the environment. In the present study, the aerobic reduction of Cr(VI) to less mobile and less toxic Cr(III) by Aspergillus niger was investigated. The potential of this fungus strain as biocatalyst was capable of resisting Cr(VI) up to 300 mg/L. The effects of the process parameters such as solution pH, initial Cr(VI) concent...
Autori: Farshid Ghanbari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27194

HIGH EFFICIENCY INDUCTION ELECTRIC MOTORS FOR THE MINIMIZATION OF ENERGY LOSS AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Following the current trend in fossil energy saving, emphasized both by sustainable economy principles and by environmental protection constraints, the electrical equipment producers are in competition for delivering high efficiency products on the global market. The fabrication of electrical motors is already regulated through efficiency product standards; complying with them represents a continuous tough challenge for manufacturers. The paper outlines the normative frame for developing energy ...
Autori: Cristina Mihaela Gheorghe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27197

MEASURING INDUCED FOOT CURRENTS CAUSED BY RADIOFREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS EXPOSURE OF MANPACK RADIO TRANSCEIVERS USERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
In order to limit personnel exposure to electromagnetic fields, safety standards provide among others, limitations in terms of induced currents in limbs, which is the measurable quantity allowing the evaluation of thermal load in limbs in the real conditions of electromagnetic radiofrequency exposure. Using a clamp-on current meter, eleven subjects were measured for current passing through their feet during the use of backpacked radio equipment, configured in various operating modes while using ...
Autori: Annamaria Paljanos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27204

RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM) BASED OPTIMIZATION OF BIODIESEL-DIESEL BLENDS AND INVESTIGATION OF THEIR EFFECTS ON DIESEL ENGINE OPERATING CONDITIONS AND EMISSION CHARACTERISTICS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
In this study, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was applied to investigate both the effects of biodiesel percentage in fuel mixture and engine operating parameters (engine load and engine speed) on emission characteristics (unburned hydrocarbons (HC), CO and NOx) of a diesel engine. The optimization of biodiesel percentage in fuel mixture and engine operating parameters also was performed using the desirability approach of the response surface methodology for lower emission characteristics. Th...
Autori: Alireza Shirneshan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27217

AN EVOLUTIONARY PATH FOR CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM ROAD TRANSPORT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
The important factor for health hazards in major cities in India is air pollution. Due to the sudden increase in vehicular population in the city of Chennai, South India, there is a high increase in vehicular emission caused by the vehicular effluents like Carbon monoxide, oxides of Nitrogen, oxides of Sulfur and other Particulate Matter. This study proposes an advanced state of the art technology (On Board Diagnostics) to acquire and process data from the vehicular emissions through online data...
Autori: Gunaselvi Manohar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27221

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY POWER DISPATCH AT SUGAR PLANT WITH OPTIMUM BAGASSE UTILIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
Availability of alternate fuels for cogeneration helps to limit the amount of bagasse as fuel at sugar plants and make them available for other uses such as paper manufacture or ethanol production. Due to the increased awareness on the adverse effects of carbon dioxide emission on the environment, power plant operators are compelled to reduce emissions of pollutants during cogeneration. Selection of low pollutant fuels, tapping of renewable energy and use of efficient operating policies can help...
Autori: Faisal Pazheri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27244

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF PLANKTONIC ROTIFERS IN LOTIC ECOSYSTEMS: A CASE OF STUDY OF DANUBE, SFÂNTU GHEORGHE BRANCH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Rotifers are known as cosmopolitan organisms, found in high density in most waters, often representing the dominant group in terms of species diversity and abundance in the zooplankton community. Since the functionality of an ecosystem is closely related to the diversity of communities, analysis of rotifers assemblage may be a useful tool in understanding the mechanisms of the spatial and temporal changes on this level. Data were collected from 2008 until 2010, in distinct areas of Danube, Sf...
Autori: Larisa Florescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27247

HUMAN HEALTH RISK ASSESSMENT OF ARSENIC IN AIR, SOIL AND WATER IN AN INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX IN KOREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Many industrial complexes in Korea have produced a variety of potential toxic chemicals during manufacturing processes and activities by air emissions, effluents, or solid wastes over the past few decades. In this study, arsenic levels in air, soil, and water near an industrial complex were determined. Human health risk assessment for arsenic was conducted based on the levels and potential exposure pathways in a multimedia environment (air, soil, and water). The point estimate of incremental can...
Autori: Yong-Chul Jang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27249

EFFICIENCY OF A FISHPOND AT EAST CALCUTTA WETLANDS IN IMPROVEMENT OF WATER QUALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
The Storm Water Flow (SWF) and the Dry Weather Flow (DWF) canals carry composite industrial and municipal effluent (nearly 50,000 m3 d-1) from Kolkata city. Wastewater from SWF and DWF canals is used for pisciculture at the East Calcutta Wetland (ECW) for nearly a century. A wastewater fed pisciculture pond was selected to study the efficiency of the pond in treatment of wastewater. Monthly changes of hydraulic variables viz. inflow and outflow rates, depth, hydraulic loading rates, detention ti...
Autori: Abhishek Roy Goswami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27255

EVALUATION OF AIR POLLUTION SOURCES IN SELECTED ZONE OF TEXTILE INDUSTRIES IN PAKISTAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
The present work reports the gaseous emissions of the following industries, Interloop Textile (IP Tex), Crescent Textile (CT Tex), Kalash Textile (KH Tex), Noor Fatima Textile (NF Tex), Bashir Textile (BP Tex) and Hina Sana Texile (HS Tex), which are located in Faisalabad, Pakistan. Industries were tested for the mixture of gases containing carbon monoxide (CO), nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulphur oxides (SOx), carbon dioxide (CO2) and hydrogen (H2) emitting from these industries. The maximum amounts...
Autori: Muhammad Zubair
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27256

ECONOMIC CONSEQUENCES OF BANK EROSION IN THE LOWER PART OF THE KOLUBARA RIVER BASIN, SERBIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Anthropogenic influences on the hydrological network in the lower part of the Kolubara River have been notably intensive since 1959, when huge river regulation works were constructed to open new mining fields for lignite exploitation. From that moment, the Kolubara River flowed through the Pestan's riverbed (its right tributary), and the bank erosion became stronger, resulting in the lateral migration of the river course on one hand and land loss, land use changes, and economic consequenc...
Autori: Slavoljub Dragicevic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27257

THERMAL STUDY OF ADSORBENTS PREPARED FROM WASTE TYRES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Carbonaceous materials were obtained from waste tyres and their potential application as hydrogen sulphide adsorbents was investigated. The adsorbents were obtained by pyrolysis of waste tyres and physical (CO2) or chemical (KOH) activation at 550 and 800ºC. The effect of modification conditions on the performance of waste tyres based materials as adsorbents of H2S at room temperature in dry and wet conditions was investigated. Sorption capacity of such adsorbents was found to strongly depe...
Autori: Magdalena Hofman-Bieniek
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27263

MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN POLAND - CASE STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
After the entry into force of Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC the member states of European Union (EU) turned towards other technologies for waste treatment and management, such as mechanical-biological treatment of waste (MBT) in order to meet the obligations related to the reduction of the amount of landfilled biodegradable waste. This paper presents an analysis of the waste management in Poland in terms of the current regulations and requirements of the EU and achievement of the mechanical - bi...
Autori: Monika Suchowska-Kisielewicz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27266

OPTIMIZING THE OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS OF AN INSTALLATION FOR THERMAL DESORPTION TO DIMINISH GAS EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
This paper presents the results of a scientific study on industrial emissions based on requirements of the European Directive 2010/75/EU and Law 278/2013 referring to the minimization of greenhouse gas emissions into the environment. In this context, our study was focused on the decrease (in terms of environmental protection) of gas emissions generated by an installation for thermal desorption belonging to a commercial agent by adjusting its tunings after performing emission measurements. The in...
Autori: Angelica Călămar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27287

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS OF A NEARLY ZERO ENERGY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING - A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
Environmental issues have received ascending attention in recent years due to the increase of their negative effects. Greenhouse gas emission levels have experienced an exponential increase in the last decades mainly on account of the development of the building sector. Life cycle assessment (LCA) of buildings is a proper tool to analyse the full environmental impact during their designed lifespan. Inventory databases have a shortage of local parameters in some countries and need to be developed...
Autori: Iosif Boros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27289

INCREASING ENERGY AND ECONOMIC EFFICIENCY AND DECREASING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN AN ICE CREAM COMPANY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
There are industrial processes where cold and heat are used. In such a process, a heat pump integrated into a refrigeration system lead to energy savings. This paper analyzes two-stage compression refrigeration combined with a compression heat pump. A case study is made based on a proposed mathematical model and on the measurements performed in an ice cream company. Three operation regimes are simulated for different hot water temperatures obtained from the heat pump. The energetic efficiency, e...
Autori: Aneta Hazi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27297

AIR DISPERSION MODELLING AND SIMULATION IN AERATION TANKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
The necessary oxygen concentration for the biological process depends on the organic matter present in wastewater characterized by organic matter reaction rate with oxygen, k. This article highlights the impact of the reaction coefficient on oxygen dispersion in water. The first stage of the research led to the determination of the ratio between the coefficient of reaction and the coefficient of dispersion on the vertical of the tank as k/εz ϵ [0.066 - 0.79]. Starting from this rat...
Autori: Corina Boncescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27298

REDUCING CARBON FOOTPRINT OF A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT USING ADVANCED TREATMENT AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
In this paper carbon footprint is estimated for wastewater treatment plant Constanta South, Romania, by using a combined model from the available protocols for carbon footprint calculation. Off-site and on-site emissions were taken into account. The carbon footprint calculations were based on the operational data regarding power consumptions, sludge, chemicals and biogas production. A prediction for carbon footprint is done for upgrading wastewater treatment plant. For the current plant technolo...
Autori: Lăcrămioara Diana Robescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27299

IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF INDUSTRIAL PACKAGING WASTE TRANSPORT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
Industrial packaging waste as an object of reverse logistics has nowadays from environmental and cost perspective become a huge task especially in retail. In addition to that most costs come from transportation, which if not rationalized leads to negative environmental impacts. The research consists out of two parts, where the first part provides an overview of domestic and foreign literature in the field of environmental impacts caused by transportation of packaging waste in retail and, the sec...
Autori: Vaska Pejić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27311

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANJALUKA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
In this paper life cycle assessment was applied to analyze and evaluate, from an environmental point of view, current and alternatives to the current solid waste management system in Banjaluka region. The current system, which is disposal on landfill, has significant adverse environmental impacts caused by methane emissions from landfill. Therefore, four different scenarios were developed as alternatives to the current waste management system. Landfilling with energy recovery, separate collectio...
Autori: Draženko Bjelić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27312

DOSE REDUCTION STRATEGIES IN COMPUTED TOMOGRAPHY OF CRANIO-FACIAL TRAUMA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
In emergency departments computed tomography (CT) has became the most important diagnostic tool because it is a very fast and accurate method, but the main drawback of the increased number of the CT examination is the high radiation dose and the potentially increased risk of developing cancer. That why, lowering the radiation dose at a level as reasonable achievable is the most important strategy in modern medical practice. This article has two parts: first part is a review of the physics of rad...
Autori: Bogdan Dobrovăț
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27313

MITIGATION OF HAZARDOUS AIR POLLUTANT EMISSIONS: VACUUM vs. CONVENTIONAL SEWER SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
The efforts to quantify gas emissions from wastewater handling have omitted the conveyance along sewers, lift stations, and manholes. This article compared the conventional system with the vacuum system based on sewer gas emissions. The goal of the study was to determine the emissions of methane, hydrogen sulphide, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at the level of the wet-wells of the conventional system and the exhaust of the vacuum system before and after the bio-filtration process by way of...
Autori: Iulia Carmen Ciobotici Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27326

INFLUENCE OF RECENT LAND USE CHANGE ON TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON STOCK IN HUMOR RIVER BASIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
Inventory and monitoring of total organic carbon stock (TOC) it’s an issue of actuality in the context of breaking into the atmosphere an alarming quantity of CO2 result of human activities. Management and sustainable management of forest and agricultural ecosystems can have a positive influence on maintaining optimal stock of carbon sequestered. A case study achieved in the Humor catchment reveals that changing the land’s utility means important modifications in the quantity of the ...
Autori: Eugen Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27336

POSTCLOSURE INFLUENCE OF EMISSIONS RESULTED FROM MUNICIPAL WASTE DUMP SITES: A CASE STUDY OF THE NORTH-EAST REGION OF ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
The Strategy of Waste Management, Horizon 2014-2020, states 8 major objectives with the role of establishing new priorities for Waste Management. Thus, one of the proposed measures for the next 5 years is encouraging the wastes exploitation for energy recovery. In this context, the main goal of our study was to evaluate the level of pollution considering 5 closed municipal waste dump sites from the North-East region of Romania over the period 2013-2015, having in mind at a first glance, the poss...
Autori: Brînduşa Mihaela Slușer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27347

GREENHOUSE EFFECT REDUCTION THROUGH MINE METHANE VALORIZATION: OVERVIEW AND FEASIBILITY STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Although the main reason for the extraction of methane from coal beds continues to address ensuring the safety of workers, an important driver is the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. In order to identify potential technical problems specific for available technologies implementation, we performed a comparative critical analysis, based on which the technically feasible systems resulted, their further selection being based on detailed analysis in financial and investment terms. The re...
Autori: Lucian-Ionel Cioca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27350

NEW ASPECTS REGARDING IGNITION SENSITIVITY OF AIR-METHANE MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
In the economic activities related to combustible substances, it may occur possible emissions and explosive atmospheres. Some typical examples include industrial activities in general, firedamp mines and power generation in particular. The aim of this paper is to accentuate hidden aspects regarding ignition sensitivity of moisturized air methane mixtures. Therefore, the first objective of the paper is to emphasize the air humidity as an extra factor needed to be considered in relation to igniti...
Autori: Marius Darie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27351

ASSESSMENT OF THE POTENTIAL RISKS OF AIRBONE MICROBIAL CONTAMINATION IN SOLID RECOVERED FUEL PLANTS: A CASE STUDY IN ISTANBUL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
In this pilot study, exposure to airborne microorganisms in solid recovered fuel (SRF) plants has been measured. Different steps in SRF production processes such as separation and size reduction can cause generation of airborne microorganisms. Exposure to these biological agents can cause some health problems, so their levels should be measured to assess the potential risks. Therefore, exposure to airborne total bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi were measured in the runn...
Autori: Şenol Yildiz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27373

A STUDY ON THE REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS FROM SECONDARY TREATED MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER BY SOLAR PHOTOCATALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
The aim of this work was to study the effectiveness of photocatalysis in the removal of contaminants from secondary treated municipal wastewater, on a batch scale. The samples were collected from the outlet of the secondary clarifier in the municipal wastewater plant located at Al Khoudh, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. The influences of TiO2 catalyst loading and solar radiation exposure time were investigated for the removal of COD and total Coliforms. 60% removal of COD was achieved with a catalyst...
Autori: Anna Jesil Cheriyan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27376

MODELING OF DYE REDUCTION BY SLUDGE DIGESTION: COMBINED EFFECT OF BIOCHEMICAL AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
The kinetics of azo dye reduction based on combined effect of biochemical reduction by anaerobic mixed culture and chemical reduction with hydrogen sulfide was investigated. Hydrogen sulfide was produced by sulphate reducing bacteria existing in the anaerobic mixed culture. The effect of initial anaerobic biomass, initial substrate, and initial dye (Reactive Orange 107) concentrations on reduction kinetics were studied with batch assays. The municipal waste sludge was used as electron donating s...
Autori: Umay Gokce Ozkan-Yucel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27386

A DECISION MAKING MODEL FOR SELECTING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS) PROJECT CONTRACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
Because of increased environmental consciousness, pollution emissions reduction has been stressed by more and more governments these days, and the environmental management system (EMS) has become one approach for many firms to comply with environmental regulations. However, with rapidly changing technologies along with increasingly complicated environments, how to select a suitable EMS project has become an important issue that has never been discussed comprehensively. First, tolerating vague a...
Autori: Hsing Hung Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27391

FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FINANCIAL STRUCTURE AND CARBON EMISSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
Using the panel data of 30 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in China from 1997 to 2013, and taking different finance development and financial structure indexes into consideration, the paper systematically investigate the impact of finance development and finance structure on carbon emission. The results of empirical research show: (1) The financial development efficiency at a provincial level, and in Eastern regions, has a significant effect on carbon emission, illustrating an invert...
Autori: Yu Kong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27393

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
• EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DE...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27398

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DEVELOPME...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27399

LIFE-CYCLE CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS OF THE PARMA HAM P.D.O. (PROTECTED DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN) ON-THE-BONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The Rural Development Plan (RDP) represent the most important source of contributions and support for the agro-food sector companies in Italy. The European Community planning tool based on a European Structural and Investment Fund (SIE) allows the agricultural and forestry entrepreneurs to undertake projects and investments for the improvement of their companies. During the 2014-2020 RDP program, the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), promoted a rewarding mechanism to support those companies car...
Autori: Enrico Gerboni
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27404

VALORIZATION OF AGRO-INDUSTRIAL WASTES IN LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATES FOR AGRONOMIC USE: PRELIMINARY STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
This research was focused on the valorization of agro industrial waste/by products available in the local industry with the kilometer zero (km 0) concept, as a replacement of virgin raw materials (clay) to elaborate lightweight aggregates (LWAS). The alternative raw materials were employed as pore forming agent, in order to reduce sintering temperature and energy consumption of the furnace. The three technical nutrients studied were provided for local food industries: sludge from wastewater trea...
Autori: Romina D. Farias
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27405

EFFECT OF pH IN THE SYNTHESIS OF ORGANO-CLAYS FOR RARE EARTHS REMOVAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Two montmorillonitic clays were modified with N-(methoxy-polyethylene glycol) ethylene diamine and tested as sorbents for removal of Rare Earths (REs) from aqueous solutions. Lanthanum was chosen as representing element of REs family and adsorption tests were performed with the aim of selecting a system with good uptake efficiency for the pollutant abatement in wastewaters. The effects of pH were studied and the properties of the obtained final materials were evaluated with simple model syst...
Autori: Elena Maria Iannicelli-Zubiani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27408

LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVELY SUPPLIED CARS. RESULTS OF AN INVESTIGATION CARRIED OUT IN THE NORTH-EAST OF ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The transport of both goods and passengers notably influences air quality. If strong decisions by the governments will not be taken, oil consumption for transport will be nearly doubled in 2030 if compared with 2000, thus considerably increasing the atmospheric presence of greenhouse gases. To boost the purchase of alternatively supplied cars would avoid serious, if not catastrophic, climatic changes. Our investigation shows what the situation is concerning new cars sold by SINA, an official ...
Autori: Veronica Novelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27411

PRELIMINARY ANALYSES ON AN ALGAE-BASED WATER SCRUBBER FOR SYNGAS CLEANSING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Common issues of the gasification systems relate to filtering apparatus. Dry filtering processes are simple and reliable. However, the filtering material defines the maximum and minimum temperature at which the filter can operate properly. In addition, dry filtration is not effective on light tar compounds (i.e. benzene and toluene) or ammonia compounds. On the other hand, despite being very efficient, wet filters drop the gas temperature below the line of condensation of tar, ammonia and ste...
Autori: Giulio Allesina
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27412

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF SECOND-GENERATION SUGARS PRODUCTION FROM CARDOON RESIDUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Biofuels and biochemicals are currently centre stage in the on-going scientific and political debate. The prevalent opinion is that their use can significantly reduce the greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions and primary energy demand along their whole value chain. This study aims at evaluating the environmental impact in terms of GHGs related to carbon dioxide (CO2) of secondgeneration sugars (2GSs) production from cardoon residual biomass. Cardoon is a favourable crop in Mediterranean areas for...
Autori: Maria Teresa Petrone
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27413

CO-DESIGN FOR A CIRCULAR APPROACH IN GREEN TECHNOLOGIES: ADAPTATION OF REUSED BUILDING MATERIAL AS GROWING SUBSTRATE FOR SOILLESS CULTIVATION OF LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa var. capitata)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Improving the awareness of the responsibility of our actions is the basis of achieving the ambitious aim of waste management and prevention established by the European Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/CE and the most recent Circular Economy Package. Circular Economy is connected both to improve manufacturing technologies and also educate people towards responsible consumption and waste reduction. Due to its educational and institutional role, universities provide a context to rethink not on...
Autori: Sara Rizzo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27414

CARBON FOOTPRINT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE COLLECTION IN THE TREVISO AREA (ITALY)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Carbon Footprint (CF) is an environmental indicator used in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) that allows measuring the total amount of CO2 emissions caused directly or indirectly by an activity or accumulated through the life cycle stages of a product (ISO 14064-14067). In this article CF was used to analyse and assess the environmental impacts of the resources used for the collection of municipal solid waste by the company Contarina S.p.A. Contarina oversees waste management for part of the Treviso...
Autori: Alex Zabeo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27415

SHARING ECONOMY AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY. HOW TECHNOLOGY AND COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION INNOVATIONS BOOST CLOSING THE LOOP STRATEGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Sharing economy business experiences are rapidly rising worldwide and deeply changing structures and models of customers purchasing attitudes and needs. Inspired by principles of sustainable consumption, its starting point is the idea that every underutilized resource is a wasted resource. Beyond the digital services implemented by sharing platform, there are also social and physical places where communities are experimenting the potential of collaborative and innovative solutions: purchasing...
Autori: Paola Sposato
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27417

SYNTHETIC TEXTILE WASTEWATERS TREATMENT BY COAGULATION/FLOCCULATION USING FERRIC SALT AS COAGULANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
Three different synthetic textile dyeing wastewaters were treated by a chemical coagulation/flocculation process, using ferric sulphate as coagulant. Polyacrylamide (Magnafloc 155) and polyamine (Superfloc C-573) based flocculants were applied. The influence of pH (between 3.5 and 10.4) and Fe3+ concentration (from 15 to 4000 mg/L) in both color and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal of polyester, cotton and acrylic dyeing wastewaters was assessed in the coagulation stage. As far as floc...
Autori: Carmen S.D. Rodrigues
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27427

DETERMINATION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY COST OF DECOLORIZATION OF C.I. ACID ORANGE 7 VIA TIO2-ASSISTED PHOTOCATALYSIS UNDER UV ILLUMINATION IN THE PRESENCE OF H2O2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
Decolorization of C.I. Acid Orange 7 (AO7) via TiO2-assisted photocatalysis under UV illumination in the presence of H2O2 has been investigated. The effect of pH on decolorization efficiency of AO7 was investigated in TiO2/UV/H2O2 process. The performance of TiO2/UV/H2O2 system was also evaluated by using synthetic dye-bath effluent of AO7. Solar driven TiO2 photocatalysis was found significantly efficient for the decolorization and degradation of AO7. The rates of decolorization and degrada...
Autori: Ozlem Esen Kartal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27433

EVOLUTION PATTERN OF ENGINEERED ROAD TURFY SOIL EXAMINED BY INVERSION AND ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
Turfy soil is a special soil formed in the swamp environment with the incomplete decomposition of plant residue. On one hand, the special engineering geological properties of turfy soil such as high compressibility, high moisture content, high void ratio, will cause great difficulty with engineering construction in turfy soil area, this study will make it clear of parameters value for engineering design. Turfy soil, on the other hand, is a part of the wetland, the essence of protection of the...
Autori: Lei Nie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27445

DEODORIZATION OF SWINE MANURE USING A Lactobacillus STRAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
One of the environmental problems caused by the large-scale livestock industry in China is odor pollution. Using the microbial strains with high deodorization efficiency is a feasible strategy to handle this problem. In this study, a Lactobacillus strain A2 with high efficient deodorization was isolated. To find the optimal deodorization conditions of strain A2, the deodorization efficiencies at different temperatures and inoculation quantities were tested. Our result showed that suitable tem...
Autori: Zhiying Yan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27447

DOES AN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM PROMOTE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION: A QUALITATIVE STUDY OF LEBANESE FIRMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
Globalization and a growing awareness of environmental issues are compelling firms to adhere to international environmental standards. Lebanese manufacturing industries are increasingly pressured to integrate environmental standards, mainly the ISO 14001 certification, in order to access - enter and compete - international markets. Although the ISO 14001 model is proposed to promote continual environmental improvement, the standard does not specify definite requirements for environmental per...
Autori: May A. Massoud
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27450

RESILIENCE TO ENVIRONMENTAL PRESSURE THROUGH QUALITY FOOD DEMAND: MEAT CONSUMPTION IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
The paper focuses on Romanian consumers’ habits and perceptions related to meat consumption, following that it is deeply embedded in their dietary food culture. The aim of this study was to determine the main directions for achieving environmental resilience through meat consumption. The novelty of the study originates from underlying consumers’ contribution to sustainable development on two pillars – “buy less, eat the same” and “buy less, eat less”. St...
Autori: Dacinia Crina Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27468

AN INTER-TEMPORAL PRODUCTION STRATEGY UNDER A CARBON TRADING POLICY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
In recent years, increasing temperatures and extreme weather conditions have had a significant impact on quality of life, especially in terms of the environment. Governments have made environmental preservation a priority and have received public support in turn. We formulate models to investigate a company’s optimal production quantities over two periods, including green technology efforts, to examine the impact of a carbon trading policy. We build separate inter-temporal production mode...
Autori: Changsong Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27469

ASSESSMENT OF OSCULATING VALUE METHOD BASED ON ENTROPY WEIGHT TO TRANSPORTATION ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EMISSION REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
To assess energy conservation and emission reduction effect on traffic and transportation at macro level more scientifically, the evaluation system based on the improved osculating value method for transportation is established. Information entropy weight is introduced to the traditional osculating value method and the numerical matrix normalization process in the osculating value method is simplified. The pollutant emission and the energy consumption is defined as negative index, and the capaci...
Autori: Yang Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27470

ENZYMATIC AND CHEMICAL DELIGNIFICATION OF KRAFT WOOD PULP: OPTIMIZATION AND SEQUENTIAL STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The delignification of wood pulp using hydrogen peroxide and xylanase enzyme in an ultrasonicator was studied at different process conditions. The factors influencing the chemical delignification were studied simultaneously using the Box-Behnken design of experiments. The mathematical model for Kappa reduction as functions of consistency of the pulp, concentration of peroxide and the temperature of delignification was developed. The response optimization studies for minimizing the Kappa numb...
Autori: Palaniappan Ramesh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27480

TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER WITH CALCIUM PHOSPHATE: A NEW PHYSICOCHEMICAL PURIFICATION STEP
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
An apatitic calcium phosphate gel (HaG) was elaborated and used to treat municipal wastewater in a physicochemical cycle prior to the standard biological degradation process. Preliminary laboratory batch experiments outlined the kinetics of heavy metal sorption by monitoring the concentrations found in filtered fractions as a function of treatment time. On site experiments were performed in a municipal wastewater treatment plant by derivation of real wastewater into an experimental tank. In this...
Autori: Nathalie Lyczko
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27488

POLLUTION LOAD AND ECOLOGICAL REPLENISHMENT PLAN OF LIJIANG RIVER, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Lijiang River is the link of Guilin landscape and the golden waterway of Guilin tourism. With the development of social economy, the pollution problem of Lijiang River in recent decades has become more and more serious, which has aroused widespread concern and attention. However, the study on the reduction of river pollution load is seldom found reported until now. In this paper, the pollutant load of Lijiang River is estimated by equal standard pollution load method and the water pollution mode...
Autori: Ronghui Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27490

EMPIRICAL STUDY ON THE INTERDEPENDENCE BETWEEN ENVIRONMENTAL WELLBEING, FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT AND ECONOMIC GROWTH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
This study investigates the dynamic relationship between economic growth, energy consumption, financial development, and CO2 emissions at macro level in the case of 49 countries from Europe and Central Asia over a two-year period. The research focuses exclusively on country-level characteristics and uses a heteroscedasticity-consistent standard error estimator (HC3) to analyze the aforementioned relationship. The proposed econometric models test whether: i) the level of development of financial ...
Autori: Marilena Mironiuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27494

PERFORMANCES EVALUATION OF PORTLAND CEMENT PRODUCED FROM DOPED CLINKERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
This study aims to obtain high performance cement under friendly environmental conditions, through the optimization of clinkerization process. The influence exerted by mineralizers i.e. fluoride (NaF, KF) or oxide (CuO, TiO2) on the Portland clinker characteristics and derived cement properties is presented in this experimental study. The presence of these additions in low concentration (i.e. 0.5-0.8 wt. %) permits the reduction of the burning temperature (with 20oC up to 70oC) of raw mix and mo...
Autori: Jenica Paceagiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27500

DYNAMIC AIR TOXIC EMISSION FACTOR OF MOTORCYCLES IN BANGKOK, THAILAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Average emission factors of air toxic compounds, emitted from motorcycles in Bangkok, Thailand were analyzed using the IVE (International Vehicle Emission) model. The model was utilized taking into account the actual fleet and characteristics of motorcycles of the study area. Four air toxic compounds (namely benzene, 1,3 butadiene, acetaldehyde and formaldehyde) and their emission rates were calculated under two main pollution abatement scenarios (the improvement of fuel quality and switching of...
Autori: Pantitcha Outapa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27513

THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL TAX REFORM ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Climate change is a major threat for our planet, with major negative impacts on economies and populations. International and regional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and governments have joined forces to take meaningful action against it. The European Union has also prioritised the fight against climate change, creating and implementing economic measures as part of its evolving environmental policy. The aim of our paper is to empirically evaluate the effects of environmental tax...
Autori: Mihaela Onofrei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27515

OPTIMIZING HOUSEHOLD WASTE COLLECTION THROUGH AHP–MEA MODEL: CASE STUDY OF KUNMING, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
The optimization of household waste collection in China is facing more complex and structural problems related to waste reduction and recycling than that of disposal. A rigorous decision-making model of matter-element analysis (MEA) combined with the analytic hierarchy process (AHP) is developed to validate the feasibility and practicality of five alternatives to separated waste collection. This model is based on a survey of residents’ cognition and inclination toward the optimization o...
Autori: Haibin Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27520

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY PROCESSINGS BY ELECTROMAGNETIC FORMING IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
Reduction of environmental pollution in general, and emissions of greenhouse gases in particular, remain priorities for the sustainable development of human society. The strategies applied for designing industrial manufacturing processes were radically changed; nowadays the focus is mainly on the efficient use of energy sources. This means that at this moment there is a huge demand for innovative environmentally friendly technologies, for various industrial processing sectors. Electromagnetic fo...
Autori: Dorin Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27539

CLEANER AND ENERGY EFFICIENT PRODUCTION: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
A project called ’Cleaner Production’ is conducted in the organization of the Cleaner Production Centre of Serbia at the Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy, University of Belgrade and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO). The goal of the project is to perceive critical places in a company and define measures which would achieve significant financial savings and, at the same time, protect and improve the condition of the environment with minimal investment...
Autori: Snezana Urosevic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27541

GHGs EMISSION REDUCTION TARGETING BASED ON HORIZONTAL EQUITY CONCEPT AT A COUNTRY LEVEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES OF 4-CHLOROPHENOL ADSORPTION ONTO MAGNETIC ACTIVATED CARBON COMPOSITES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Among the organic pollutants, the chlorinated phenols represent an important class of compounds having a stable world market of ca. 100 kt per year. Due to their aryl structure and presence of the chlorine atom, chlorinated phenols are exceptionally recalcitrant toward chemical reactions aimed at their reduction. Adsorption from liquid phase has received special interest due to its flexibility and simplicity in operation. Especially adsorption using activated carbon (AC) has been recognized by t...
Autori: Marius Sebastian Secula
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27552

PASSENGER CAR DEPENDENCY AND CONSEQUENT AIR POLLUTANTS EMISSIONS IN IASI METROPOLITAN AREA (ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Urban expansion, often seen as an indicator of economic growth and a possible response to housing crisis in big cities, is the main driver for carbon emissions in the metropolitan area due to higher values of household income, vehicle ownership and home size. The transport related pollution includes over 200 different compounds: besides CO2 emissions, CO, NOx, BTX and dust resulting from exhausting processes, from abrasive wear of brakes, tires and road surfaces. The expansion of the urban areas...
Autori: Lucian Roșu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27560

INFLUENCE OF FARMING SYSTEM ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS WITHIN CEREAL CULTIVATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
The emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from anthropogenic activities have still been a topical and much-discussed issue. In farming, room for reducing GHG emissions may also be available in crop farming. The measures aimed at the mitigation of GHG emissions may include a change in the farming system or partial switch to more extensive farming methods, including organic farming. The life cycle of oat, rye, wheat and spelt wheat cultivation in conventional and organic farming systems in the condi...
Autori: Jan Moudrý Jr.
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27564

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF NANOCOMPOSITE MATERIAL BASED ON TiO2-Ag FOR ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
A simple and efficient method for preparing Ag-doped TiO2 nanoparticles was successfully developed, by associating the sol-gel method and the impregnation-reduction. While titanium dioxide is one of the most used solids as photocatalyst, silver is particularly interesting for applications in biological and chemical detection and for its antibacterial properties. Moreover, in photocatalysis silver acts as an electron sink and donor in capturing the photogenerated electrons. The structural and mor...
Autori: Catalina Nutescu Duduman
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27566

COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Livestock production is under growing public and scientific scrutiny for its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This article contains a preliminary assessment of the inclusion of upstream life-cycle GHG emissions in concentrated feeds design, using the most common nonlinear programming optimization algorithms to determine feed composition. First, GHG emissions are included as costs in a single criteria optimization problem. The unit price of GHG emissions was obtained using a genetic algorithm. Sec...
Autori: Ricardo F.M. Teixeira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27572

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4
Vol. 1Nr. 11
• Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4    • AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART II – USER INTERFACE AND FIELD VALIDATION    • COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS    • FATE AND BIODEGRADATION OF ESTROGENS IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS – A REVIEW    • ANALYSIS OF THE MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF MIXED MUN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27577

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
• Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4    • AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART II – USER INTERFACE AND FIELD VALIDATION    • COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS    • FATE AND BIODEGRADATION OF ESTROGENS IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS – A REVIEW    • ANALYSIS OF THE MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF MIXED MUN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27576

ASSESSING THE ANTHROPOGENIC IMPACTS ON THE FLUVIAL WATER AND SEDIMENT FLUXES INTO THE THERMAIKOS GULF, NORTHERN GREECE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
The impacts of anthropogenic activities on the water and sediment fluxes in coastal areas have caused significant economic and environmental damages over the last century. The development of large-scale water abstraction and sediment retention infrastructures has facilitated phenomena such as coastal erosion, frequent eutrophication events and sea water anoxia. The present work investigates the alterations that have been observed over the last 50 years in the area of Thermaikos Gulf, Northern Gr...
Autori: Elias Dimitriou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27582

EFFECT OF COD/N RATIO ON PERFORMANCE OF A SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR TREATING SALINE WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
The performance and microbial community of an anoxic-aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) treating saline wastewater were investigated at different influent COD/N ratios. The average COD removal efficiencies at steady states were 87.46%, 73.75%, 64.87% and 88.34% at the COD/N ratios of 20, 10, 6 and 30, respectively. The average NH4+-N removal efficiencies were 79.74%, 74.34%, 64.55% and 89.29% at the COD/N ratios of 20, 10, 6 and 30, respectively. No obvious accumulation of NO2--N and NO3--N ...
Autori: Sen Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27592

COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT LANDFILL COVERS IN SEMIARID ZONES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
In order to reduce the production of pollutants, it is most important that landfills are adapted to the climatic conditions of the area where they are located. In this sense, there are very few studies focused on how to reduce leachates from landfills in semiarid regions, which are especially sensitive to the impacts that this type of activity potentially has on water resources. The aim of this study is to identify the best type of landfill cover that reduces leachate production in semiarid regi...
Autori: Javier Senent-Aparicio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27595

ESTIMATION OF VEHICLE EMISSION ON MAINLINE FREEWAY UNDER ISOLATED AND INTEGRATED RAMP METERING STRATEGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
On freeways with multiple on-ramps, it is a common practice to design a ramp metering strategy so as to regulate the entering rates from ramps and minimize the disruptions on the mainline. Most of the existing studies examine the performance of ramp metering on mobility and safety, rather than their impacts on the environment. This paper focuses on the estimates of vehicle emissions along mainline freeways under various ramp metering strategies. Vehicle speed and acceleration rates were measured...
Autori: Jianbang Du
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27600

EFFICIENCY AND CO2 EMISSION OF HEAT ENGINES OPERATING WITH HYDROGEN RICH GAS (HRG) ADDITION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
The effects of gas addition on efficiency and CO2 emission were investigated with a compression ignition (CI) engine and a spark ignition (SI) engine operating with hydrocarbons-based fuels. Hydrogen rich gas (HRG) provided by an electrolyze, was aspirated into the air stream inducted in the engine cylinders. Investigation was conducted at engine light and medium loads and speeds, with relative low concentrations of HRG. For the CI engine, HRG addition up to 12.5% energetic fraction in fuel lowe...
Autori: Gheorghe Niculae
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27606

SEPARATION OF NATURAL MONOCYCLIC PHENOLICS USING MICELLAR ENHANCED ULTRAFILTRATION WITH A CATIONIC SURFACTANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Phenolic compounds are known as recalcitrant pollutants in many industrial wastewaters, e.g. olive mill wastewater. An efficient treatment is therefore needed before the discharge of phenol-containing wastewaters into the environment. The possibility of removing some natural occurring phenolics, namely tyrosol, p-coumaric acid and vanillic acid, by micellar-enhanced ultrafiltration (MEUF) using a cationic surfactant, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), and polyethersulfone membranes of 20 and 50 kDa...
Autori: Abdelilah El-Abbassi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27607

CARBON EMISSION MANAGEMENT FOR GREENING SUPPLY CHAINS AT THE OPERATIONAL LEVEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Increased concern about global warming in today’s world has led to the legislation of regulations that seek to gradually reduce the amount of greenhouse gases emitted by industrial sectors and along their supply chains. This study focuses on the amount of carbon emitted in a two-echelon supply chain in which one supplier delivers a single product to a group of retailers and attempts are made to integrate and coordinate its different members. A mixed integer programming model is thus develo...
Autori: Seyed Hesameddin Anvar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27610

MANAGEMENT OF CHEESE WHEY BY FILM FREEZE CONCENTRATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
This study evaluates the behavior of freeze concentration of cheese whey (CW). Parameters studied were: Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Total Dissolved Solids (TDS), Suspended Solids (SS), Total Settleable Solids (TSS), pH and electrical conductivity (EC) in the concentrated cheese whey and in the ice. The final concentration of TDS reached was 25 ± 0.16 %wt for the liquid phase, which corresponds to a reduction of 83% of the initial volume. The COD in the ice fractions had lower values tha...
Autori: Freddy Belén
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27613

APPLICATION OF ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) IN EVALUATING MEASURES FOR MITIGATION OF EMISSION IMPACT ON COMMUNITIES NEAR LIGNITE-FIRED POWER PLANT AT MAE MOH, THAILAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
A coal-fired steam power plant, located near an open pit coal mine in Mae Moh, Lampang, a province in the north of Thailand, has been in operation since 1978, with a generating capacity of 2,400 megawatts, and lignite consumption of 40,000 tons/day. A maximum hourly concentration of SO2 of 3,418 μg/m3 was measured and an emission of 150 tons/hour of SO2 from the power plant was estimated. In order to mitigate the impacts of the emission on human health, crops and livestock, several measures h...
Autori: Athikom Bangviwat
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27621

ACCUMULATION AND AVAILABILITY OF TRACE ELEMENTS FROM SOIL INTO ORIENTAL TOBACCO GROWN IN MACEDONIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Tobacco is one of the most important agricultural products in the Republic of Macedonia. Elemental composition of tobacco and soil from different agricultural areas was studied for monitoring purposes. The main purpose was to determine the intensity of accumulation of various elements in tobacco plants and to determine possible relationships between certain chemical and physical properties of soils (pH, clay, cation exchange capacity - CEC, organic matters - OM and total organic carbon - TOC). T...
Autori: Biljana Jordanoska
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27625

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
FLUCTUATION OF RIVER NETWORK WATER ENVIRONMENTAL CARRYING CAPACITY IN A COMPLICATED RIVER-LAKE SYSTEM    • MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS FOR THE FAGUL CETĂȚII TAILINGS, ROMANIA    • ACCUMULATION AND AVAILABILITY OF TRACE ELEMENTS FROM SOIL INTO ORIENTAL TOBACCO GROWN IN MACEDONIA    • OLFACTORY EFFECT ON LANDSCAPE PREFERENCE    • EFFECT OF MOLASSES ADDITION AS BIODEGRADABLE MATERIAL ON PHENOL REMO...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27628

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC-RELATED AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH - A CASE STUDY OF A METROPOLITAN CITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
The present study aims to examine and model the adverse effects of vehicular emission on urban air quality and consequently on human health. It will facilitate the town planners to quantify the ill effects of vehicle generated air pollutants on human health to enable them to decide due weightage to be given to this attribute at planning level. Allahabad, a metropolitan city of India has been selected as the study area. Monitoring was conducted at various locations in the study area to evaluate t...
Autori: Binay K. Singh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27638

ELECTROCHEMICAL DEGRADATION OF CLINDAMYCIN BY ANODIC OXIDATION ON SnO2-Sb COATED TITANIUM ANODES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Degradation of Clindamycin phosphate (CMP) was studied in aqueous solutions by an anodic oxidation process under galvanostatic conditions. The electrolysis cell consisted of a Ti/SnO2-Sb anode, prepared by dip-coating technique, and a 316 stainless steel cathode, both of which had a surface area of 6 cm2. The effects of critical factors, including CMP concentration, current density, initial pH, and the supporting electrolyte were evaluated. The electrochemical oxidation of CMP was controlled by ...
Autori: Mitra Gholami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27639

A NEW SIMPLE INDEX FOR THE ESTIMATION OF ENERGY IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
A new methodology is presented for relating the generation and/or the consumption of heat and electrical energy to the rate of CO2, NO2, and SO2 emissions to the environment. Two indices are provided for the precise determination of emissions of these gases to the atmosphere and are of help in the analysis and comparison of the quality and efficiency of energy options. The indices have no linear dependency on energy consumptions (unlike EIA and EPA methodologies) and can be applied to any indust...
Autori: Mohammad Hossein Ordouei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27640

EFFECT OF CO-COMPOSTING ON HELMINTH EGGS REMOVAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
This study concerns the effectiveness of helminth eggs elimination during co-composting of activated sludge from a wastewater treatment plant mixed with ligno-cellulosic waste in a ratio of either 1/3-2/3 or 1/2-1/2 for 180 days. The Analysis of the initial sludge showed a load of 4-27 nematode eggs /g fresh matter identified as Ascaris sp., Capillaria sp. and Trichuris sp. During the co-composting stabilization phase, the reduction of the number of eggs varied between 50 and 90%. At the end of ...
Autori: Loubna El Fels
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27650

RIVER DAM EFFECTS ON CUBAN FISHERIES AND AQUACULTURE DEVELOPMENT WITH RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MITIGATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Dam construction in Cuba and their use for freshwater aquaculture development are explained. Some of the environmental impacts of Cuban freshwater reservoirs, particularly in fisheries, the salinization of coastal lands, and effects on marine fisheries, are reviewed and analyzed. Some argumentation and explanations given are in response to remarks on the impact of Cuban dams on species composition of reservoir fishery landings and on coastal marine fisheries. The main impacts of dams are on estu...
Autori: Luis Alvarez-Lajonchčre
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27653

TREATMENT OF SYNTHETIC OILY WASTEWATERS BY COAGULATION - MF HYBRID PROCESS USING MULLITE - ALUMINA CERAMIC MEMBRANES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
In this research, effects of in-line coagulation on permeation flux (PF), flux reduction (FR) and total organic compound rejection (TOC R) of synthesized mullite-allumina MF ceramic membrane (with 50 wt % alumina content) during treatment of synthetic oily wastewater in were investigated. Four coagulants ((ferrous chloride (FeCl2.4H2O), ferrous sulphate (FeSO4.7H2O), aluminum chloride (AlCl3.6H2O) and aluminum sulphate (Al2(SO4)3.18H2O)) plus equal concentration of slaked lime in form of calc...
Autori: Mohsen Abbasi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27659

SYNERGISTIC ELIMINATION OF Cr(VI) AND Ni(II) IONS WITH TRACE AMOUNTS OF TITANIA PHOTOCATALYST NANOPARTICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
The separate and simultaneous photocatalytic reduction of poisonous Cr(VI) and Ni(II) ions were examined with trace amounts of commercial titania nanoparticles (up to 50 mg/L). A direct irradiation photo-reactor, equipped with ultrasonic source was employed. The effects of four influencing parameters, catalyst dosage, pH, temperature and metal ions concentration ratio were investigated. The simultaneous operations, in the ternary Cr(VI)/Ni(II)/TiO2 system, show a synergism in reduction effici...
Autori: Javad Saien
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27662

EVALUATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE BY MEANS OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT: CASE STUDY IN THE SOUTH-WESTERN REGION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF NORTE DE SANTANDER, COLOMBIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
The main objective of this research was to evaluate the environmental impact generated by municipal solid waste during its collection, transportation, treatment and processing in the south-west region of the department of Norte de Santander, Colombia, by means of Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Three strategies for waste management were considered: the current baseline situation, wherein 100% solid waste was taken to the landfill; plus, an optimistic and a pessimistic scenario in which solid was...
Autori: Oscar Orlando Ortiz-Rodriguez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27665

MANAGEMENT PLANNING METHOD FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM FOREST BIOMASS: DEVELOPMENT OF AN OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM AND CASE STUDY FOR A FINNISH ENERGY PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
In this study, we consider a potential Finnish solution to sustainable energy production to satisfy the European Union's forestrelated energy policies related to climate change. Conventional energy production includes a number of fossil fuel, peat, and renewable fuel procurement chains that supply a combined heat and power (CHP) plant during different periods of the year. In Finland, peat is commonly used as fuel by energy plants. However, it is not environmentally friendly because it is ...
Autori: Teijo Sakari Palander
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27672

EFFICACY OF CHLORINE DIOXIDE AND SODIUM HYPOCHLORITE IN REUSE WATER DISINFECTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
Potable water is becoming day by day more difficult and more expensive to obtain. Therefore to reduce the pressure in natural water resources, wastewater reclamation is expanding through many municipalities and industries for applications where potable water is not required. However, specific treatments must be performed before the water reuse. These treatments are necessary to reduce physical-chemical and microbiological contaminants. This work has evaluated the action of chlorine dioxide (C...
Autori: Leo Kunigk
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27675

EFFICIENCY OF AN ELECTROCOAGULATION TREATMENT OF WATER CONTAMINATED BY HYDROCARBONS IN A CONTINUOUS MODE POWERED BY PHOTOVOLTAIC SOLAR MODULES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The aim of this study is the treatment of liquid effluents from a petroleum industry (NAFTAL /Algeria) by an electrochemical treatment process (electrocoagulation). The electrocoagulation has proved to be useful for the treatment of wastewater, but in order to enhance its ecological characteristic we found it would be essential to carry out our experiments with ecological energy derived from a photovoltaic solar module, which would contribute to sustainability objectives. The electrocoagulation ...
Autori: Kahina Ighilahriz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27679

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF SAJOR-CAJU MUSHROOM PRODUCTION BASED ON FARM SIZES IN THAILAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Unlike other vegetables, mushroom production requires several substrate ingredients, energy to sterilize the substrate, water to humidify the fruiting house and waste management of the spent substrate and used materials. This work studied the environmental impacts and eco-efficiency of sajor-caju mushroom (Pleurotus sajor-caju (Fr.) Sing.) production in terms of climate change potential, acidification potential, water depletion potential and fossil fuel depletion potential, using life cycle asse...
Autori: Siriprapa Ueawiwatsakul
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27685

INDIRECT ENVIRONMENT-RELATED EFFECTS OF ELECTRIC CAR VEHICLES USE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The article presents a study on indirect environment-related effects of electric car vehicles use. Although electric vehicles are considered zero emission vehicles, their use may be linked to indirect pollution of environment caused by energy sources used for electricity production and also other sources of pollution such as poor recycling procedures. A computer simulation was performed to determine the energy consumption of electric vehicles available on the Romanian car market. The values obta...
Autori: Bogdan Ovidiu Varga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27686

SUPPLY CHAIN EMISSION REDUCTION OPTIMIZATION UNDER CONSUMER CARBON SENSITIVITY AND CARBON TAX POLICY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
This paper presents decentralized and centralized decision-making conditions based on consumer carbon sensitivity and carbon tax policy in a supplier-driven two echelons supply chain. The analysis shows that: 1) the optimal emission reduction amount under centralized decision-making is more than that under decentralized decision-making; 2) the carbon tax should be levied properly because the carbon emission reduction will decrease as the carbon tax is higher than a critical value; 3) the consume...
Autori: Lan Bai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27691

SURVEY OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PERFORMANCE WITH BIOLOGICAL MONITORING OF PROTOZOA IN THE INDUSTRIAL PARK OF ABADAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Industrial wastewater is of particular importance. In most wastewater treatments, physicochemical parameters are used to determine the performances which are costly while protozoa can be used as less expensive biological indicators to determine the efficiency of the treatment plant. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between protozoa and physic-chemical characteristics of the Abadan wastewater treatment industry. Samples were collected from wastewater stabilization po...
Autori: Abotaleb Bay
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27694

INFLUENCING FACTORS OF THE ACCEPTABLE AMOUNT OF COMPENSATION OF FARMERS FOR CONTROLLING FERTILIZER-INDUCED WATER POLLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
This paper aims to identify the influencing factors of the acceptable amount of compensation (AAC) of farmers for controlling fertilizer-induced water pollution, and build a valid ecological compensation mechanism to curb the water impact. To this end, the ecological compensation for farmers is viewed as a good way to reduce fertilizer-induced pollution at drinking water sources, and the opportunity cost is introduced into the discussion of farmers’ AAC. To avoid the gaps of previous studi...
Autori: Jie Lin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27781

RESPONSE OF UPLAND COTTON GENOTYPES TO SALINITY AT EARLY GROWTH STAGES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Salt tolerance was studied in eight upland cotton cultivars (CIM-446, CIM-473, CIM-496, CIM-499, CIM-506, CIM-554, CIM-707 and SLH-284) under four NaCl salinity concentrations (50, 100, 150 and 200 mM) and control. Significant (p≤0.01) variations were observed among cultivars, salinity concentrations, and cultivar by salinity interactions for various growth traits and ions (K+ and Na+) accumulation in dry shoot and root tissues. As compared to control, the growth variables were decreased by i...
Autori: Zarina Bibi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27778

DIRECT SHEAR PROPERTIES OF LIGHTLY CEMENTED SOIL – POLYSTYRENE BACKFILL MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Geocomposite materials consisting of lightly cemented mixtures of expanded polystyrene beads (EPS) and backfill soils are commonly used as fillers and for the construction of light weight embankments. The constant normal stress (CNS) and constant volume (CV) direct shear parameters as well as the relationship between gradation properties of four residual granular backfill soils and direct shear parameters of lightly cemented mixture of EPS and backfill soils was evaluated. The maximum density an...
Autori: Felix Okonta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27771

SOIL-WASHING AND THERMAL PLASMA TREATMENT FOR DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED MARINE SEDIMENTS FROM THE MIDIA PORT – ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The aim of this paper is to show the results of two methodological approaches applied for decontamination of the Midia Port dredged sediment to assess their potential reusability. Firstly, the sediment samples were defined in physical, chemical, microbiological and ecotoxicological terms. The results were compared to the limit values established by environmental regulations for dredged sediment management. Some sediment samples exposed a very high concentration of hydrocarbons; the sediments wer...
Autori: Irina Catianis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27770

PLANNING AND DECISION-MAKING MODELS IN ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING APPLIED TO TAIWAN MID-WEST COAST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
The aim of this study is to identify the influential factors which affect the planning and construction process in coastal ecological engineering. Through the application of AHP to analyze weight, it applies the data obtained from descriptive statistics as a reference in decision-making. Research methods are by means of expert questionnaire. To understand the same and different points of views from the experts and scholars, then according to different purposes it uses the results of this study i...
Autori: Chi-Shun Hsu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27732

SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION POTENTIAL FROM AN URBAN ROAD NETWORK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
This study investigated the spatial variability of heavy metal emission patterns and associated measures of contamination on Riccarton Campus at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland. Road deposited sediments were collected from 12-different sites representing typical urban/sub-urban road layout over a 10 month period covering seasonal variations. The heavy metal concentrations of the road sediments collected from different sites of a road were determined by strong nitric acid digestion ...
Autori: Sudip K. Pal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27738

EMISSION INTENSITY AND ABATEMENT COST OF FOSSIL FUEL POWER PLANTS IN THAILAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Monitoring of air emission and pollution control cost is a key to improve air quality management of electricity generation industry. This research comprehensively evaluates abatement cost of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), emission intensity and emission inventory of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM), and carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from Thailand’s fossil fuel power plants. The research applied bottom-up approach with continuously monitored ...
Autori: Wasin Pinprateep
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27740

CONCENTRATIONS OF PETROLEUM HYDROCARBONS AT DIFFERENT DEPTHS OF SOIL FOLLOWING PHYTOREMEDIATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Petroleum hydrocarbons not only are toxic to humans and other living organisms, but will also pollute groundwater. It is thus critical to decrease the concentration of these pollutants in soil. Phytoremediation is an effective way to remove toxic compounds from soil. The current study used sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and barley (Hordeum vulgare) to reduce petroleum hydrocarbon content of contaminated soil around Isfahan Oil Refinery (Isfahan, Iran) and assessed the concentrations of pe...
Autori: Farida Iraji Asiabadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27741

REMOVAL OF ORGANIC MATERIALS FROM TANNERY WASTEWATER CONTAINING AMMONIA FOR REUSE USING ELECTRO-OXIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Leather manufacturing process generates significant volume of wastewater. Deliming is one of the unit processes, in which about 4.5 L of wastewater is generated per one Kg of pelt. Reuse of wastewater from the unit processes, where significant volume of wastewater is generated is much important to address pollution mineralization and water conservation. Presence of significant level of organic pollutants is the primary factor that deters reuse of waste streams. In this paper, the Electro-Oxidati...
Autori: Sundaramoorthy Sundarapandiyan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27744

EXPLORING THE POTENTIAL OF EO DATA AND GIS FOR ECOSYSTEM HEALTH MODELING IN RESPONSE TO WILDFIRE: A CASE STUDY IN CENTRAL GREECE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
In this study, the development of a suitable methodology for establishing and monitoring indicators of Ecosystem Health (EH) and its responses to wildfire using Earth Observation (EO) data synergistically with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is investigated. The proposed methodology combined GIS and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data to assess ecosystem characteristics, including its vigor, organization and resilience, for a case study in Central Gr...
Autori: Aaron Evans
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27745

CHANGE OF THE GROUNDWATER QUALITY FROM INDUSTRIAL AREA ORADEA, ROMANIA, USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
During the years 1965-1985, a veritable industrial platform was developed in the west part of Oradea, Bihor County, Romania. It stretches on an area of 9 sq. km. and is placed in the meadow of Crisul Repede River. Throughout that period, several industrial facilities were built that lately became sources of pollution for the environment. The purpose of the present paper is to study the influence of historical stages of industrialization and restructuring of enterprises in Western Oradea, address...
Autori: Tamara Romocea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27747

NUTRIENT REMOVAL IN A WET DETENTION POND WITH BAFFLE DIKE – A CASE STUDY OF THE CEDAR RIVER PROJECT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
The City of Jacksonville, Florida USA is in the midst of an important program to reduce nutrient load from its municipal storm water system. New regulations promulgated by the US EPA and State of Florida have targeted nutrient reduction within the St. Johns River watershed which includes most of the City of Jacksonville. In order to reduce overall nutrient loads to the St. Johns River, the City of Jacksonville and its consultant team have begun a construction program to build a series of wet det...
Autori: Killian Eckert
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27750

ENVIRONMENTAL TAXES TO PROMOTE THE EU CIRCULAR ECONOMY’S STRATEGY: SPAIN vs. ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
As it is widely known, according with European directives, the correct approach for waste management is based on a strict hierarchy of prevention, reuse and recycling, energy recovery and final disposal. In that way, all the countries have to strongly move in urban waste reduction and recycling promotion. The principles of the Circular Economy have become part of the European and other extra Europe Countries regulations. The European pack on Circular Economy suggests ambitious objectives by 203...
Autori: Alfonso Andretta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27785

MEASUREMENTS TO EVALUATE THE POSSIBILITY TO PRODUCE BRICKS FROM WASTE CUBILOT SLAGS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
In this paper, the typical measurement techniques and production procedures defined in the UNI-EN guidelines for ceramic manufacture are taken into consideration to evaluate the properties and the characteristics of the bricks produced by using a mixture containing cubilot slag. The results of the experimental tests demonstrate that these measurement techniques are not enough to define the safety of the waste bricks. Up to now, UNI-EN guidelines for ceramics do not define crystallinity measureme...
Autori: Domenico Luca Carni
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27787

ECO-INNOVATION IN VALCUCINE FOR A CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
Recently, more and more companies are implementing good environmental practices. Environmental certifications, besides being valuable management tools for companies, given the opportunity to strengthen their role on the market. An example of such virtuous behavior is the case of Valcucine, an enterprise of the Livenza furniture district in Northern Italy. Valcucine focuses its care in the production of furniture, in particular of kitchen units, characterized by sustainable production, eco-compat...
Autori: Veronica Novelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27797

APPLICATION OF LCA METHODOLOGY IN THE ASSESSMENT OF A PYROLYSIS PROCESS FOR TYRES RECYCLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
According to recent estimations, the total yearly amount of end-of-life tyres (ELTs) arising in Europe exceeds 3 million tons; more than 95% are managed through mechanical and thermal treatments because ELTs represent a useful resource both of materials and energy. For this purpose, the goal of the present work is the assessment of the environmental impacts of a novel pyrolysis process and the comparison with alternative ELTs valorisation or disposal scenarios. Life Cycle Analysis (LCA) methodol...
Autori: Esmeralda Neri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27798

SEPARATE COLLECTION OF ORGANIC WASTE AND CARDBOARD: ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF A DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION PROJECT IN TULKAREM, WEST BANK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
This research aimed to analyze the impact of the introduction of a separate collection system for organic waste and cardboard in the Governorate of Tulkarem, West Bank (Occupied Palestinian Territories). The amount of waste diverted from the final disposal at the landfill of Zahret Al-Finjan was quantified and the quality of separate materials was evaluated. An economic and environmental analysis was performed to quantify the impact of separate collection in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and...
Autori: Francesca Villa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27802

GASIFICATION OF BIOMASS FROM RIVER MAINTENANCE AND CHAR APPLICATION IN BUILDING MATERIALS PRODUCTION
Nr. 10
This paper exposes the research activities regarding REBAF (Energetic Recover of River Biomasses) project, focused on the maintenance operations self-sustainability of the Secchia river (Italy). Poplar was found as the most abundant and representative wood plant of Secchia riverbanks, with a good behavior during gasification process: from 1 hectare of maintenance every three year, it was possible to produce 23 MWh of electrical power and 31 MWh of thermal power. The biochar obtained was characte...
Autori: Vittorio Vezzali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27804

INNOVATIVE USE OF SCRAP AND WASTE DERIVING FROM THE STONE AND THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR FOR THE MANUFACTURING OF BRICKS. REVIEW OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO AND ANALYSIS OF AN ITALIAN CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
The construction sector has evolved a lot over the last few years promoting the design and manufacturing of innovative and environmentally sustainable materials and products. In accordance with European and national guidelines, with a growing awareness of environmental issues several experiences are showing the interest of companies to qualify their products as green and environmentally sustainable. In the European context many directives have been introduced which, among their themes, speak of ...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27806

VOLTAMMETRIC STUDIES OF YBaCo2O5 IN ALKALINE AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
Electrochemical behaviour of YBaCo2O5 perovskite in alkaline solution was studied during oxygen insertion/release process. In correlation with electrochemical studies was analyzed the compound morphology and structure. Compound electrochemical oxidation consists in intercalation of oxygen atoms in crystalline structure, which is equivalent with a structure compaction. These results were correlated with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of sample and also with SEM pictures. Compactio...
Autori: Mircea Dan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27866

BIOTREATMENT OF Cr(VI) - CONTAINING WASTEWATER MEDIATED BY INDIGENOUS BACTERIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
Indigenous Pseudomonas veronii 2E, Klebsiella oxytoca P2 and Klebsiella ornithinolityca 1P were tested as catalysts for the transformation of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) for Cr(VI)-containing wastewater biotreatments. The Cr(VI) biotransformation was assayed during bacterial growth and by using pre-grown quiescent cells. Proof of the unsuitability of a biotreatment based on Cr(VI)-reduction during bacterial growth was found: the reduction rate and the maximum Cr(VI) concentration able to be reduced were t...
Autori: Mauricio Javier Alessandrello
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27853

FLUE GAS DEDUSTING IN VENTURI SCRUBBERS AT THERMAL POWER PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
In this paper, an improved engineering model and analysis techniques are presented of the fly ash particles coagulation with droplets in Venturi tubes of industrial scale, based on spatial variation of the collection efficiency of particles on individual droplets, accounting for spray water flow polydispersity and particle size distribution, which allows to define optimal droplets size and spray water flow rate at different modes of thermal power units operation. The model is validated with the ...
Autori: Igor Volchyn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27836

SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT OF SULFATE WASTEWATER AND DOMESTIC SEWAGE WITH MICRO-AERATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
High sulfide inhibited the activities of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and methane-producing bacteria (MPB). In addition, a large number of domestic sewages should be treated in China. Thus, it is the first time that domestic sewage was collected to dilute high-sulfate wastewater in this study to achieve simultaneous treatment of sulfate wastewater and domestic sewage in the anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR). The results showed that there were obvious separation of sulfate reduction phase and me...
Autori: Peng Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27840

BENCH SCALE TWO STAGE HEAVY METAL LEACHING TEST WITH FLY ASH FROM WOODY BIOMASS COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
In this paper a two stage bench scale leaching procedure is used to assess the heavy metals release from a wood-based fly ash of a 5.0 MWth grate-fired boiler. In the first step mostly K was leached with water. In the subsequent acid leaching step heavy metals were leached at a pH of 3. The remaining solids were agglomerated together with the bottom ash and the dried K-concentrate from the first leaching step whereas the filtrate was treated before discharge. In the agglomerates produced the ...
Autori: Christof Lanzerstorfer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27875

LIFE CYCLE ENERGY USAGE AND GHG EMISSIONS STUDY OF A SUGAR MILL IN INDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
Day by day, energy resources are diminishing and the concentration of GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions are increasing in the world. So, analysis and waste utilization of industries has a great concern for the society. Sugar mill plays an important role in the context of Indian market. Sugar industry mainly consist of three plants i.e., sugar mill, cogeneration plant and distillery unit. These units i.e. cogeneration and distillery are basic industries for power and chemical sectors which is hav...
Autori: Manish Kumar Chauhan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27881

n-TYPE POLYIMIDES INCORPORATING OXADIAZOLE AND PERYLENE FLUOROPHORES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
The main topic of this study is the photo-optical and electrochemical behavior of a series of fluorinated copolyimides containing both oxadiazole and perylene moieties in the main chain. The polymers prove a strong photo-optical stability on a large temperature domain and display different types of photoluminescent behavior in solution and in solid state, with emission maxima in the bluish and green–yellow domains. Cyclic voltammetry investigations suggest that the polymers can be easil...
Autori: Radu-Dan Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27883

ANALYSIS OF CO2 EMISSIONS MANAGEMENT PERFORMANCE IN CHINA AT SUB-PROVINCE LEVEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
Sub-province (prefecture-level) regions are more fundamental and flexible in carbon mitigation and policy implementation in China compared to provinces and counties, due to their more manageable area than provinces, and more powerful governing capacity by means of regulations and standards than counties. Using the EDGAR database and prefecture boundary data, CO2 (carbon dioxide) emission management performances at the prefecture level in China were investigated using statistical analysis. The...
Autori: Bofeng Cai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27893

SIMULTANEOUS REMOVAL AND/OR RECOVERY OF Cr(VI) AND Cr(III) USING A DOUBLE MFC TECHNIQUE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
In order to reduce Cr(VI) and Cr(III) simultaneously, a double microbial fuel cell (MFC) system was employed to treat Crcontaining wastewater. Cr(VI)-MFC used Cr(VI) as a catholyte to supply the generated power to Cr(III)-MFC, while the latter MFC functioned as an external load resistor of the former one. Buffer characteristics of the catholyte greatly affected the reduction of chromium ions. At an initial pH of 2.0, Cr(VI) removal increased from 49.9% to 99.9% when KH2PO4 was added. Keeping ...
Autori: Fang Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27896

EMISSION FACTORS FOR LIGHT-DUTY VEHICLES EQUIPPED WITH THREE-WAY CATALYTIC CONVERTER BASED ON MICRO-REACTOR STUDIES: A PROPOSAL FOR AMMONIA, NITROUS OXIDE AND MOLECULAR HYDROGEN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 2
In this work, we report a methodology to provide emission factors based on micro-reactor studies. We propose emission factors for ammonia (NH3, 158 mg/km), nitrous oxide (N2O, 322 mg/km) and molecular hydrogen (H2, 72 mg/km) for vehicles equipped with three-way catalytic converter (TWC). Our experimental conditions were similar to those prevailing on vehicles during catalyst light-off and transient urban driving cycle. NH3 and H2 emission factors reported in this work are quantitatively simil...
Autori: Gustavo Ariel Fuentes
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27899

CONCEPTION OF A MASTER DEGREE PROGRAM IN SOLAR ENERGY: INFRASTRUCTURE, STRUCTURE AND RESULTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 2
Sustainable development is a key issue for the modern world economy. A solution for reducing the impact of carbon dioxide emissions on climate change and for compensating depletion of conventional energy resources relies on green economy and renewable energy. Polytechnic University Timisoara has a pioneering role in research and applications of solar energy to industrial and residential systems in Romania. The "Renewable Energies - Solar Energy" master program has been introduced fo...
Autori: Ioan Luminosu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27901

LANDFILL GAS TO ENERGY CONVERSION FROM ORADEA MUNICIPAL WASTE LANDFILL IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 2
This paper presents the results of theoretical estimations of the quantity of landfill gas (LFG), as well as the energy potential of Cell A from the municipal landfill in Oradea city, Romania, based on a mathematical model. Considering three scenarios for LFG recovery according to the capture system efficiency, the following LFG theoretical flows have been obtained: 157 m3LFG/h for 45% recovery efficiency; 209 m3LFG/h for 60% recovery efficiency; and 297 for 85% recovery efficiency, respectiv...
Autori: Gerardo Collaguazo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27903

A HYBRID MULTI-CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS APPROACH FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE EVALUATION: AN EXAMPLE OF THE TFT-LCD MANUFACTURERS IN TAIWAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 3
The study developed a quantitative evaluation model of environmental performance, using a hybrid multi-criteria decision making (MCDM) approach by key environmental indicators based on the ISO14031 environmental performance evaluation (EPE) dimensions. The causal relationships and influence intensity among the EPE dimensions were explored to construct the network evaluation structure. Three well-known thin film transistor-liquid crystal display (TFT-LCD) panel manufacturers in Taiwan were us...
Autori: Hung-Yi Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27930

TECHNICAL SUPPORT FRAMEWORK FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATER RESOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 3
Sustainable management of transboundary rivers, especially in water-scarce regions is increasingly becoming more challenging due to the collective adverse impact of upstream development and climate change on transboundary scale. Two major tributaries of the Tigris River, the Diyala (Sīrvān) and the Lesser Zab River basins, are shared between Iraq and Iran. They were adopted as representative basins for a large number of transboundary rivers, where short-sighted perspectives are curr...
Autori: Furat Al-Faraj
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27938

IMPROVING THE METHOD OF CALCULATING THE ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT GENERATED BY ROAD TRAFFIC - CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
Sustainable development brings in advance a new set of values that will guide the future model of economic and social progress, values that focus on human and his current and future needs, on the natural environment - protecting and preserving it, as well as on mitigating the current deterioration of ecosystems. The present paper aims at improving a calculation method for measuring the ecological footprint generated by road traffic, through modifying the concept of integrating variables, incr...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27948

PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING PROGRAM FOR INTERVENTION AND RESCUE PERSONNEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
The manner in which individuals deal with stressful situations depends on several variables. Personality characteristics, event circumstances, preparedness of individual, personal appraisal of events, pre-existing organizational and personal stressors are all key factors. Psychological resistance to stress can be the result of spontaneous evolution, or can be developed through special training, through programs that increase the threshold beyond which functional alterations may occur, resulti...
Autori: Izabella Kovacs
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27958

MODELLING THE SOURCE TERM FOR POLLUTANTS GENERATED FROM GALVANIC CELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
Being able to estimate the quantity of pollutants that can be spread in the environment is a factor of paramount importance in the industrial panorama. In order to accomplish such aim, a crucial step is the estimation of the so-called source term, that is the rate of generation (or release) of a substance in a generic process. A proper estimation requires to consider both the machinery and the unit operations present into the analysed system. For such reasons, ad hoc considerations and models...
Autori: Marco Barozzi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27964

DETERMINATION OF COAL MICROELEMENTS BY INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
In the mineral matter of coal there are microelements chemically bounded to organic matter or mineral impurities in various combinations that catalyzes the evolution / involution of a spontaneous combustion phenomenon as an accelerator in the oxidation reaction or which slows down these processes. Specialised literature analyzes the phenomenon of coal self-heating based on several theories of which we exemplify the theory of coal oxidation, the theory of pyrite and the theory of the microele...
Autori: Cristian Tomescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27966

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION REDUCTION IN FROZEN FOOD PACKAGING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
This study evaluates the environmental impacts of four types of frozen food packages throughout their lifecycle and suggests strategies for reducing their related environmental impacts. The four most widely used frozen food packaging materials were chosen for this study: (1) pouches composed of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film; (2) pouches composed of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and LDPE film laminate; (3) cardboard boxes coated with LDPE; and (4) multipackage composed of cardboard boxe...
Autori: Daina Kliaugaite
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27979

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