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Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 2 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 2Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issueEnvironmental analysis by capillary electrophoresis. Atmospheric samplesCamelia Draghici, Gheorghe Coman, Mihaela Sica,Dana Perniu, Mihaela Badea   The ecological farms - A solution for sustainable agriculture. II. Position and perspectives of the ecofarms in the frame of the productive agricultural system Stela Axinte, Alina Stanciu, Lorica Axinte  The extraction and clean up of organochlorine pesticides and PCB's from water using solid phase ex...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25170

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /02 PLENARY SESSION:"Environmental Engineering and Management in the Context of Sustainable Development"Design for sustainability (D4S): towards advanced product conceptsHan Brezet, Sacha SilvesterICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SECTION"Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies"Complex approach to the problem of persistent organic pollutants degradation in water environmentVictor Covaliov, Olga Covaliova, Angela Cincilei, Gilles Mailhot, Pasca...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25176

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole:� Synthesis of Ferrierite/ZSM-35 type zeolite with ethylenediamine as template� Recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid from wastewaters by reactive extraction 1. Extraction mechanism and influencing factors� Relationships between metals extent and cytological characteristics at Prunus persica L. pollen� Smoke Emissions From Diesel Vehicles: A Case Study� Carbon dioxide generation - implications for romanian pulp and paper industry � Enhanced decolorization of ...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25208

Microwave-assisted chemistry. A review of environmental applications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe extraction of some pollutants from different matrices, the treatment of hazardous and infectious wastes, the destruction of refractory compounds and the prevention of noxious emissions are the main environmental applications of microwave-assisted chemistry. The advantages and disadvantages of this technique are also considered....
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Georgiana G. Surpăţeanu, Mioara Surpăţeanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25217

Recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid from wastewaters by reactive extraction 1. Extraction mechanism and influencing factors
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThe comparative study on reactive extraction of p-hydroxybenzoic acid with Amberlite LA-2 and D2EHPA in two solvents with different polarity (n-heptane and dichloromethane) indicated that the extractant type and solvent polarity control the extraction mechanism. Thus, the reactive extraction with Amberlite LA-2 occurs by means of the interfacial formation of an aminic adduct with three extractant molecules in low-polar solvent, or of an salt with one extractant molecule in higher polar s...
Autori: Anca-Irina Galaction, Dan Caşcaval, Maria Cămăruţ
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25250

Separation of uranium(vi) from soils by extraction in aqueous PEG (1550) - Na2SO4 - Na2CO3 two-phase systems. I. Preliminary results
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
Abstract In this paper preliminary results of studies concerning the extraction of uranium(VI) from soils in aqueous PEG (1550) 20 % - Na2SO4 20 % - Na2CO3 10-2-10-3 M two-phase systems are presented, as well as the spectrophotometric determination of extracted uranium with pirocatechol violet (PV). A special attention was given to the experimental factors (pH, redox potential, CO32- anion concentration and initial uranium concentration), which was found to influence both the formation and stabi...
Autori: Daniel Condorachi, Doru Juravle, Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25290

Remediation techniques for contaminated soils
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractSoil pollution causes significant damage to the environment and human health as a result of their mobilities and solubilities.Significant progress has been made in regulating soil pollution, with a parallel development of methodologies for soil assessmentand remediation. The selection of the most appropriate soil and sediment remediation method depend on site characteristics, concentration, type of pollutants to be removed, and the end use of the contaminated medium. The approach include...
Autori: Attar Singh Sheoran, Poonia Poonam, Vimla Sheoran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25291

Determination of heavy metals in extracts and macerates from garden flowers
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThe aim of this work was to study the content of Fe, Mn, Zn and Pb in the mixtures which contain volatile oil between othercomponents, obtained after the Soxhlet extraction or maceration of the samples (different organs of garden flowers - blue hyacinthand chrysanthemum). The blue hyacinth is a bulbous perennial herb in the Lilliaceae family, grown for its showy and fragrantspringtime flower display. Garden chrysanthemums are tender perennials in the Asteraceae family in double-flowered ...
Autori: , Simona Dobrinas, Viorica Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25294

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
Include urmatoarele articole:� Removal of nickel from aqueous solution by Nordmann FIR (ABIES Nordmanniana (STEV.) SPACH SUBSP. Nordmanniana) cones� Determination of heavy metals in extracts and macerates from garden flowers� Biological phosphorus removal in a high performance single reactor � Advanced Cd2+ removal on dispersed TioO2-fly ash � Remediation techniques for contaminated soils� Separation of uranium(vi) from soils by extraction in aqueous PEG (1550) - Na2SO4 - Na2CO3 two-...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25296

Earth oil extraction - major environmental pollution source
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe work presents the negative environmental impact produced by an extraction of crude oil activity. To highlight and quantify the negative effects on the environment produced from such activity, the experimental part has been focused on evidence of samples of soil, water from groundwater aquifers and surface, and the air emissions. The values of quality indicators are presented in graphs and tables, highlighting an activity with all major impact on the environment....
Autori: Aurica Grec, Corneliu Maior
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25326

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
Include urmatoarele articole:� Composite membranes with cross-linked matrimid selective layer for gas separation� Determination of organic compounds from different types of coffee by Hplc and Gc-Ecd analysis� An integrated assessment of the suitability of domestic solar still as a viable safe water technology for India� Investigations on the possibility of natural hemp fibers use for Zn(II) ions removal from wastewaters� Removal of acid red 398 dye from aqueous solutions by coagulation...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25340

Titanium dioxide extraction from paint sludge of automotive industry Case study: Paint sludge of Saipa paint shop
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractPaint sludge of automotive industry contains heavy metals and other toxic substances. Due to this matter, it has a high pollution potential. Incorrect disposal of paint sludge led to kinds of environmental pollution. Recycling and reusing of wastes can be one of the best solutions for decreasing of pollutant entrance to environment. The purpose of this study was to present a new method of extracting the main components of paint sludge, for determining concentration of elements in paint s...
Autori: Azadeh Akhavan Bloorchian, Seyed Mostafa Khezri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25346

GHG emissions evaluation from fossil fuel with CCS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractA present challenge for research is to determine how to use the combination of oil, gas and coal most efficiently with the minimum environmental damage. In this paper the authors have compared technologies to produce the electricity using natural gas and coal. The objective of this paper consists in evaluation of the life cycle assessment of the natural gas and coal in order to compare their greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions. In this way, three systems with and without CCS were examined: ...
Autori: Adrian-Alexandru Badea, Cristian Dincă, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Tiberiu Apostol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25355

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
Include urmatoarele articole:� CsHSO4/mesoporous silica composites - new electrolytes for solid acid fuel cells� Trend in exhaust emissions from in-use gasoline vehicles� Analysis of distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors for bacterial broths� Electrochemical characteristics of Ti6Al7Nb alloy in Ringer's solution� Pulsed high voltage discharge technology as a new method for killing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cells� Hydrodynamic modelling of pollution with LNAPL gene...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25367

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
� Physiological changes in seedling germination and growth plant under chemical stress conditions� Studies on sorption and transport processes of cadmium in soils� Assessment of the anthropogenic impact on water systems by fluorescence spectroscopy� Research on the effects of soil improvement by fertilization on the quality of winter wheat� Halotherapy: From ethnoscience to scientific explanations� Study regarding the sorption of erythrosine from aqueous solution onto soil� Hydroxy...
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ISSN: 1582 - 9596
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25375

Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from refinery spent catalysts
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Spent hydroprocessing catalysts from petroleum refining industries have been classified as hazardous wastes due to their content in heavy metal and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The aim of our paper determine the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) residues contents in spent catalysts samples from four different units of the Romanian refinery Rompetrol Rafinare,Constanta: Hydrogen (H), Gas Desulfurization Sulfur Recovery (GDSR), Hydrofining Turbojet Kerosene (HTK) and Pet...
Autori: Camelia Draghici, , , Gabriela Stanciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25449

Study of copper and cadmium accumulation by bean
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Bioremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil is one of the major concerns of our days. Phytoextraction has been lately utilized as an alternative of in situ remediation technology for polluted soils but is generally perceived to be too slow. Even so, phytoextraction is an efficient long lasting, accessible and environmentally friendly technique. The aim of this paper was to evaluate the phytoextraction potential of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in stress conditions induced by heavy me...
Autori: Alina Stingu, Irina Volf, Valentin I. Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25508

Modeling the extraction process of oil from seeds of white mustard (Sinapis alba)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract White mustard (Sinapis white) is an annual plant of the Cruciferae family originating from the Mediterranean region and is cultivated in Europe and Asia, mainly for its seeds, but also for animal feed or crop rotation. White mustard seed is also an important source of vegetable oil that can be used as fuel. The chemical composition of mustard seed (Sinapis alba) includes glucosinolate (sinalbozida, sinapina free), essential oils, fatty oils (glycerides of oleic acid, linoleic, linole...
Autori: Camelia Ciubota-Rosie, Rodica Diaconescu, Irina Volf, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25561

Device for rapid preparation of samples for detection and identification of the toxic compounds
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract This paper presents a portable device for rapid preparation of samples, in situ, in order to facilitate the detection and identification of toxic substances. This product is for research and provides increased sensitivity NBC detection equipment (ion mobility spectrometers, indicated tubes), and decreasing the time needed for preparation solid and liquid samples to identify toxic substances by spectrometric techniques (gas chromatography with mass spectrometry). It is used especially...
Autori: Alexandru Bobes, Aurica Dumitrescu, Doru Alexe, Gabriel Epure, Liliana Rece, Nicoleta Petrea, Petrisor Zamora Iordache, Razvan Petre, Vasile Somoghi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25595

Artificial intelligence applications in the atmospheric environment: status and future trends
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract The Air Quality Management problem calls for detailed, case-specific knowledge and requires, due to legal mandates, the development of operational, environmental parameter related, incident forecasting. Both targets can be met by applying Artificial Intelligence (AI) methods, and by employing relevant computational algorithms that are capable of producing reliable results. The current paper provides with an overview of the problem domain, identifies goals and proposes methods that ma...
Autori: Kostas D. Karatzas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25616

Olive mill wastewater as a renewable resource
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a stable emulsion composed by water, olive pulp and residual oil. An approach for using this waste as a renewable resource is of greater interest. Several authors have been studding physicochemical treatment methods. However, the biological treatments allow not only the treatment, but also the effluent valorization, by producing several valuable products. This effluent is also a source of natural antioxidants and its extraction is economically attra...
Autori: Carina Pereira, Cristiana Goncalves, Isabel Belo, Madalena Alves
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25635

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 5
? SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE HARDENING PROCESSES IN NORMAL CLIMATIC AND THERMAL TREATMENT CONDITIONS ? THE ENVIRONMENTAL DIMENSION ? AN INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREA ? MENU PLANNING STRATEGY BASED ON ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT ? EVALUATING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF NIGERIAN COMPOSTED WASTES USING LABORATORY EXTRACTION TEST ? IN SITU RADIOFREQUENCY FIELD LEVEL ASSESSMENT IN TWO URBAN AREAS IN ROMANIA: OPEN QUESTIONS TO ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION ? INNOVATIVE SOLUTION FOR WARNING ON HI...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25657

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 7
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 7
? MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLING AND TREATMENT OF RESULTING LIQUID EFFLUENTS ? ROMANIA: ENTREPRENEURIAL VALUES AND SUSTAINABILITY ? THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF WOODEN BRIQUETTES USED AS RENEWABLE FUEL ? ECO-FRIENDLY EXTRACTION AND SEPARATION METHODS OF CAPSAICINES ? ADDRESSING ISSUES OF GEOENVIRONMENTAL RISKS IN DOBRUJA, ROMANIA/BULGARIA ? ADSORPTION OF 2,4-DINITROPHENOL AND 2,6-DINITROPHENOL ONTO ORGANOCLAYS AND INORGANIC-ORGANIC PILLARED CLAYS ? APPLICATION O...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25659

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 10
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 10
? AN ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHLOROPHENOLS FROM WASTEWATER ? ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: A PSYCHOLOGICAL-BEHAVIORAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHERS ? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: DYNAMICS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN SOILS CULTIVATED WITH MAIZE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ? SOLAR-ASSISTED JOULE-BRAYTON ENGINES USED TO REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ? STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HEATING SYSTEMS ? MIXED JET-VORTEX METHOD FOR ...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25662

LEACHING OF NONFERROUS METALS FROM OXIDIZED LOW GRADE COMPLEX CONCENTRATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The oxidation of low grade complex concentrates (Cu, Pb and Zn) in aqueous media (weak alkaline) oxidized nonferrous metalsconcentrates is carried out at high pressure. Leaching is the subsequent processing step in metal extraction. The paper studies theinfluence of some parameters (temperature, time, L:S ratio, excess) on the leaching efficiency of nonferrous metals from oxidizedconcentrate. The optimum parameters determined are: S/L ratio of 10/1, 25% reactive excess, leaching tempera...
Autori: Cornelia Lupu, Dragoş Taloi, Liliana Gherghe, Luminita Mara, Teodor Velea, Vasile Predica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25774

BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM SLUDGE UNDER ANAEROBIC MICROENVIRONMENT: INFLUENCE OF BIOSTIMULATION AND BIOAUGMENTATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Bioremediation is considered as one of the prominent and cost-effective cleanup technology to treat oily sludge disposals. In the present investigation anaerobic bioremediation of petroleum based oily sludge was studied in a slurry reactor by applying different experimental strategies viz., bioaugmentation, biostimulation and co-substrate addition. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) present in the oily sludge before and after degradation was extracted using soxhlet extraction procedure....
Autori: Asha Juwarkar, Kuppam Chandrasekhar, Mamilla Prathima Devi, Motakatla Venkateswar Reddy, Ponnapalli Nageswara Sarma, Srinivasula Reddy Venkata Mohan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25794

DIRECT SEPARATION OF PROPIONIC ACID FROM Propionibacterium acidipropionici BROTHS BY REACTIVE EXTRACTION 1. INTERFACIAL MECHANISM AND INFLUENCING FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 4
The reactive extractions of propionic acid with TOA dissolved in three solvents with different dielectric constants (dichloromethane, butyl acetate, n-heptane) without and with 1-octanol as phase modifier have been comparatively analyzed. The results indicated that the mechanism of the interfacial reaction between acid and extractant is controlled by the organic phase polarity. In absence of 1-octanol, the structures of the extracted complexes are RCOOH.Q2 for dichloromethane and butyl acetate, ...
Autori: Alexandra Cârlescu, Anca-Irina Galaction, Dan Caşcaval, Mădălina Poştaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25938

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN WASTEWATER SEWERAGE SYSTEM FROM THE CLUJ-NAPOCA AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are by-products of petrol transformation; a report prepared by ICON, London, United Kingdom in 2001, showed that the principal sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in wastewater are domestic usage, storm runoff and commercial effluent. This work presents the results on 14 commonly occurring and/or highly carcinogenic PAH compounds listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the European Union. Wastewater sa...
Autori: Dumitru Ristoiu, Edward Muntean, Livia Alhafez, Nicoleta Muntean, Radu Mihaiescu, Tania Mihaiescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25847

ASSESSING IMPACTS OF TRIAZINE PESTICIDES USE IN AGRICULTURE OVER THE WELL WATER QUALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The herbicide use can be seen as an auxiliary path for new farming methods, providing more advantageous farming and land use capabilities and increasing crop yields. Some of them are quickly degraded but others persist in the environmental compartments being toxic for human health and the environment.The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of some triazine herbicides from agricultural sources on quality of well and surface water, in two regions of Romania with different agricultural act...
Autori: Andreea Dragus, Mihail Simion Beldean-Galea, Radu Mihaiescu, Tania Mihaiescu, Dumitru Ristoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25889

OCCURRENCE AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF ESTROGENS AND ANTIINFLAMMATORIES IN BAIYANGDIAN LAKE, NORTH CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractEstrogens and anti-inflammatories can pose adverse effects on human health and wildlife. This paper investigated four estrogens(estrone, E1; 17β-estradiol, E2; estriol, E3; 17α-ethynylestradiol, EE2) and three anti-inflammatories (ibuprofen, ketoprofen andnaproxen) by solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in BaiyangdianLake during the dry (April) and wet seasons (September). These compounds were mostly detected at low levels ...
Autori: Jianghong Shi, Jinling Cao, Ting Bo, Xiaowei Liu, Yingxia Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25955

A TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM MICROALGAE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe preliminary assessment of a cost-effective flow-sheet for the production of biodiesel from microalgae lipid fraction wascarried out. The study was based on approximated cost-estimation methods integrated with the simulation software Aspen Plus®.Several scenarios were investigated to compare costs regarding the main steps of the biodiesel production process. Ranges ofinput variables from downstream literature and experimental data were used to simulate the sections that define concret...
Autori: Antonio Marzocchella, Giuseppe Olivieri, Piero Salatino, Teresa Guida
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25973

PHYTOEXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIALLY POLLUTED ZONE USING Lolium perenne AND Lemna minor
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper intends to contribute to the stages of bioremediation technologies elaboration, by means of experiments and efficiencydemonstrations of adequate biological depollution and ecological reconstruction methods. During the 2009-2011 period, heavymetals and metalloids, etc phytoextraction tests were performed with Lolium perenne L, from tailing samples collected fromwaste heaps and tailings dams of the mining exploitations (Rodna, Bistriţa–Năsăud, Fundu-Moldovei, Sucea...
Autori: Alexandru Crihan, Alin Bolonyi, Bianca Malschi Florian, Cecilia Roman, Dana Malschi, Dorian Brăhaiţa, George Ghira, , Marin Şenilă, Mirela Miclean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26044

THE ROLE OF GREEN CHEMISTRY IN BIOMASS PROCESSING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
The book edited by Haibo Xie and NicholasGathergood focuses on one of the most importantscientific issues of the 21 century which is thereplacing fossil fuel with sustainable alternatives suchas biomass. Fossil fuels are conventional rawmaterials for many industrial sectors includingchemical and energy production. Usage of fossil fuelis limited by their availability, price and carbonfootprint. Biomass is a renewable resource globallyavailable, cheaper and carbon sequestering. Step bystep shiftin...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26101

FLY ASH FROM THERMAL POWER PLANT, RAW MATERIAL FOR GLASS-CERAMIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Waste recycling represents a very significant issue for the protection of our environment. Large waste quantities (slag and ashes) are products of the coal extraction industry and its subsequent combustion in thermal power stations. The possibilities of obtaining crystallized glasses in the CaO-Al2O3-Fe2O3-SiO2 system by introducing in the raw materials mixture ashes from Mintia Deva thermal power station have been studied. The physical and chemical characterization of the...
Autori: Firuţa Goga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26121

ATR-FTIR CHARACTERIZATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF AVOCADO OILS FROM FIVE CAMEROON CULTIVARS EXTRACTED WITH A FRIENDLY ENVIRONMENTAL PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Avocado post-harvest losses and cultivar-oriented trade are relevant issues in Cameroon that affect producers and retailers incomes. Identifying specific chemical characteristics of avocado oils would give an added value to underutilized species. Five avocado varieties, Booth 7, Booth 8, Collinson, Hickson and Lula, were subjected to aqueous extraction and the Attenuated Total Reflectance-Fourier Transformed Infrared spectrometry coupled with chemometrics (ATR-FTIR) profil...
Autori: Brice Ulrich Saha Foudjo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26143

ADSORPTION OF DIBUTYL-PHTHALATE ON HUMIC ACID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractBehaviors of adsorption of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on humic acid and the effects of temperature on these processes are studied by solid phase extraction-HPLC method. The results show that the adsorption amounts of DBP increase with increasingequilibrium-concentrations of DBP. Such results could be well described by Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorptionamount (Qmax) and adsorption constant (k) at 35oC were both lower than those at 25oC. Thus, high temperature is unfavorable to the ...
Autori: Zhi-dang Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26162

DYNAMICS OF LAND USE/ COVER CHANGE IN IRAQI MARSHLANDS USING REMOTE SENSING TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractThe Iraqi Marshlands, the largest wetland in the Middle East and one of the most outstanding in the world have been lost mainlyas result of drainage and damming. This study analyzed the dynamics of land use/cover change in Iraqi Marshlands Region from1973 to 2011. In this process, we established the land use/cover classification system and remote sensing interpretationcharacteristics. A laminar extraction technique was used in the identification of typical attributes of land use/cover ty...
Autori: Hongxia Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26168

ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS CONTAMINATIONS FROM SOLIDIFIED WASTE DRILLING MUD LANDFILLING POND IN ORDOS PLATEAU (SEMI-ARID REGION), CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractThe solidified waste drilling mud has been landfilled into slurry ponds with impermeable layer at oil & gas field since 1990s. Thisarticle aims to elucidate the heavy metal contaminations from landfill ponds at semiarid region. The heavy metal concentration inthe waste and its potential mobility based on its binding forms was studied. Furthermore, the blocking effect of impermeable layer was used to elaborate the environmental effects of heavy metals. From the analysis, Cr was found ...
Autori: Yun Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26171

FLUORIDE CONTENT IN SOME TEA LEAVES AND TEA INFUSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractFluoride content in some available teas, dry leaves and tea infusions were determined, in order to check the influence of brewingtime on fluoride content in tea and to compare the percent extraction of fluoride releasing during tea infusion time. A fluoride ionselective electrode was used to determinate the fluoride content in tea samples (Hypericum perforatum, Tilia cordata andCamellia sinensis). Total fluoride contents of tea leaves were determined to be 91.1 - 162 mg/kg d.w., and 0.09...
Autori: Semaghiul Birghila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26242

UTILIZATION OF AGROINDUSTRIAL WASTE AND DAIRY WASTE IN SOLID STATE PRODUCTION OF LACTIC ACID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe abundant availability of solid agroindustrial waste, sugarcane bagasse from sugar mills and juice extraction units, can bepotentially beneficial for the production of fermentation based biochemicals, paper boards and power. However, its role incausing bagassosis, an acute respiratory disease among the personnel handling large dry deposits has also been detected. Disposal of liquid waste whey from dairy industries poses a formidable threat to the aquatic ecosystem due to high BOD and ...
Autori: Manoj K. Ghosh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26248

OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS FOR TOTAL RECOVERY OF ALUMINUM FROM SMELTING SLAG 2. REMOVAL OF ALUMINUM SULFATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThis paper continues the previous investigations regarding the technology for the Aluminum (Al) recovery as Al sulfate fromblack Al slag. Leaching is the next compulsory step in the Al extraction process. The paper studies the influence of mothersolutions´ (MS) recirculation resulted from the process within the system over the quality of Al sulfate and the siliceous residue(R) and, the aluminum nitride (AlN) hydrolyses in the leaching process. The optimum parameters determined are: *the ...
Autori: Romanita Teodorescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26250

EVALUATION OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ROAD PAVEMENTS FROM A LIFE CYCLE PERSPECTIVE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe road infrastructure has a major environmental impact by covering important land surfaces and consuming enormous amounts of raw materials for construction and maintenance. The impact of transport pavements needs to be considered from the design stage and to be examined during the whole life cycle of the infrastructure: raw materials extraction and initial transformation, manufacturing, placement on site, exploitation, maintenance, and demolition. This paper evaluates the impact of asp...
Autori: Isabela Maria Simion, Laura Dumitrescu, Maria Gavrilescu, , Radu Andrei, Sebastian George Maxineasa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26297

EVALUATION OF FOUR PESTICIDES RESIDUES CONTENTS IN THE CITRUS FRUITS FROM SOUSS-MASSA AREA (MOROCCO)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractA number of 138 samples of citrus fruits (oranges), produced in Souss-Massa area in south of Morocco, were analysed. Amultiresidue method was assessed for the determination of several organophosphorus pesticides using gas chromatography. Theextraction of pesticides was carried out by liquid-liquid extraction and solid-phase clean-up. The pesticide were separated bycapillary column gas chromatography and detected by the Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector (NPD). The majority of pesticidesrecover...
Autori: Abdelaziz Ait Addi, El Habib Ait Addi, Fouad Achemchem
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26320

ASSESSMENT OF DISTRIBUTION CHARACTERISTICS AND CONTAMINATION WITH HEAVY METALS IN SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF LAKE CHAOHU, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe distribution and fractionation of nine heavy metals (Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Cd, Zn, V, Pb and As) in the sediments of Lake Chaohu,a shallow eutrophic lake, were investigated using the BCR sequential extraction procedure. The level of pollution attributed tothese nine heavy metals was evaluated employing the potential ecological risk index (RI) and geoaccumulation index (Igeo). Metalconcentrations in sediments ranged from 65.00~104.00 for Cr, 14.50~21.70 for Co, 28.50~50.90 for Ni, 25.40~51....
Autori: Beidou Xi, Fengyu Zan, Guangchao Zhao, Jing Su, Kevin M. Yeager, Shouliang Huo, Xiujuan Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26321

CLOUD POINT EXTRACTION PROCEDURE FOR FLAME ATOMIC ABSORPTION SPECTROMETRIC DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METALS IN SURFACE SEDIMENTS OF CHAOHU LAKE, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractA cloud point extraction (CPE) procedure for the simultaneous preconcentration of trace amounts of Cd(II), Pb(II), Cu(II), Co(II)and Ni(II) ions as a prior step to their determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS) has been developed. Thisdeveloped method is based on the formation of hydrophobic complexes of these metals with the chelating agent 1-(2-thiazolylazo)-2-naphthol (TAN), which then are entrapped “in situ” into micellar media of non ionic surfactantoctylphenoxyp...
Autori: Wanli Huang, Zhixia Zheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26357

COMPARATIVE STUDY ON ROSMARINIC ACID SEPARATION BY REACTIVE EXTRACTION WITH AMBERLITE LA-2 AND D2EHPA 2. KINETICS OF THE INTERFACIAL REACTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractThe study on the kinetics of reactive extraction of rosmarinic acid with two extractants, Amberlite LA-2 and D2EHPA,underlined the strong influence of extractant type, solvent polarity, and 1-octanol content on the relative magnitude of thediffusional or kinetic resistances and on the interfacial reaction rate. Thus, indifferent of the extractant type, the highest values ofinterfacial mass flows and reaction rates have been reached for extraction in dichloromethane. The addition of 1-oct...
Autori: Mădălina Poştaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26412

POTENTIAL ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF GEO-MATERIALS EXPLOITATION IN THE CITY OF KINSHASA, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe supply of building materials in the city of Kinshasa is one of the major challenges for sustainable development andespecially at this time when the authorities are committed to rebuild the country and to rehabilitate the basic infrastructure,mobilization and knowledge of these materials appears to be of paramount importance. In this context, the Kinshasa morphologywill change day by day because of the operations of construction materials extraction, to meet the needs of the populatio...
Autori: Holenu Holy Mangenda
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26428

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN VEGETABLES GROWN IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractVegetables are an important part of a healthy diet because of their nutritional value. Contamination in vegetable may provehazardous for population. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are compounds widespread in the environment, many ofthem showing carcinogenic effects. These compounds can reach the food chain by different ways and, therefore, the analysis ofPAHs in food is a matter of concern.The present work provides data regarding levels of PAHs: acenaphthene (Ace), acenaphthylen...
Autori: Alina Soceanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26510

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS DUE TO HEAVY METAL POLLUTION OF WATER RESULTED FROM MINING WASTES IN NW ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe mining waste facilities in the Baia Mare region, Romania, resulted from the extraction of poly-metallic ores (including Au,Ag). Metal sulphide minerals from the mining waste facilities have a potential to produce acid rock drainage (ARD) and togenerate risk for the environment, including for the water resources. Some of the mining waste deposits from the region arelocated near the town of Baia Mare, close to the residential areas, the agricultural lands and the surface water. The sho...
Autori: Oana-Cristina Modoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26512

OPTIMIZATION OF CADMIUM DISSOLUTION FROM A HAZARDOUS WASTE BY STATISTICAL DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Cadmium leaching experiments from hazardous waste containing 16.5 wt% CdO were conducted using H2SO4. Dominant experimental and process parameters were determined by factorial design. Six controlling factors were considered, i.e. solidliquid ratio, acid concentration, reaction time, particle size, stirring speed and temperature. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to identify main effects and their interactions. An empirical model, based upon experimental results, was developed to...
Autori: Mahdi Gharabaghi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26590

POTENTIAL USE OF Crambe abyssinica PRESS CAKE AS AN ADSORBENT: BATCH AND CONTINUOUS STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This study evaluates the potential of Crambe abyssinica press cake, a residue from crambe oil extraction and/or biodiesel production, as an adsorbent for removal of cationic dyes from wastewaters. Batch adsorption tests were performed at 30, 40 and 50oC. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium were satisfactorily described by the pseudo second-order and Freundlich models, respectively. Adsorption was spontaneous and exothermic. Fixed bed adsorption (breakthrough curve) was satisfactoril...
Autori: Adriana S. Franca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26597

AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM DRY OLIVE MILL RESIDUE AS A POSSIBLE BASAL MEDIUM FOR LACCASE PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Due to its very low moisture content, the solid waste from the two-phase olive oil extraction process (dry olive mill residue, DOR) can be easily stored and used as a readily available basal liquid culture medium via its reconstitution with water. Five white-rot fungi (namely Phanerochaete chrysosporium NRRL 6361, Lentinus tigrinus CBS 577.79, Pleurotus pulmonarius CBS 664.97, Phlebia radiata DABAC 9 and Botryosphaeria rhodina DABAC P82), previously selected in a screening program, ...
Autori: Alessandro D’Annibale
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26598

VOLATILES IN TĂMÂIOASĂ ROMÂNEASCĂ VIA SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION (SFE) ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Wine analysis is a complex process, requiring multiple techniques and very in-depth multidisciplinary knowledge. Moreover, when talking about sensorial potent wines, like Muscat or Tămâioasă Românească (from aromatic Romanian grape variety), the identification and characterization of its volatile compounds is achieved through different methods, most calling for powerful solvents to separate the aroma substances. Supercritical fluid extraction is a powerfu...
Autori: Lucia Cintia Colibaba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26641

INFLUENCE OF EXTRACTION METHODS ON CARAWAY (Carum carvi L.) ESSENTIAL OIL YIELD AND CARVONE/LIMONENE RATIO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The caraway (Carum carvi L.) samples were collected from little meadows situated in Harghita Mountain (Mădăraş Ciuc, Harghita Băi, Jigodin, Tuşnadu Nou), where a relatively small area was covered by a group of rich populations of wild cumin. The harvested plants are dried by: a) convective laboratory dryer in thick layer, b) static outdoors in sunshine, and (c) static in a warm indoor place in darkness. The hand-picked seeds were separated from debris by sie...
Autori: Csaba Dezső András
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26646

A NEW STRATEGY FOR PENTACHLOROPHENOL MONITORING IN WATER SAMPLES USING ULTRA-HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY - MASS SPECTROMETRY TANDEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract A novel sensitive and rapid analytical approach based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (UHPLC/MS/MS) tandem was developed for the monitoring of pentachlorophenol in water samples. Chromatographic separation was carried out on Acquity BEH C18 (100 x 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) column under gradient mode using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile/ultrapure water/formic acid. Quantification of pentachlorophenol was performed on a triple-quadrupole tandem ...
Autori: Yassine Kadmi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26673

SUPERCRITICAL FLUIDS AND ULTRASOUND ASSISTED EXTRACTIONS APPLIED TO SPRUCE BARK CONVERSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract Supercritical fluid and ultrasound assisted extractions were applied as a first step in a complex processing of spruce bark in order to recover polyphenols compounds. The aim of the study was to compare the efficiency of these "green" processes with a conventional extraction technique (ethanolic extraction). Supercritical fluid extraction was carried out in two steps: (i) static extraction for 15 min at 1000 psi with pure CO2 and (ii) dynamic extraction for 45 min at 35, 4...
Autori: Adina Iulia Talmaciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26680

BIODEMINERALIZATION OF SHRIMP SHELL VIA AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS: GROWTH KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In the process of chitin extraction, shrimp shell powder was treated by Lactobacillus plantarum culture. The efficiency of microbial demineralization (DM) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was investigated. The shrimp shell powder was incubated at 30 °C for 6 days with L. plantarum. In order to prepare microbial culture, inoculums size was 5% for culture inoculation. Date syrup with total reduce sugar concentration of 30 g.L-1 was used. The value of pH in anaerobic conditio...
Autori: Marjan Khorrami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26692

SYNTHESIS AND BIOEVALUATION OF MAGNETIC PARTICLES BASED ON CHITOSAN AND PHYTOCOMPONENTS FROM Eugenia carryophyllata AQUEOUS EXTRACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In this study we report the preparation and evaluation of the antimicrobial activity of a new hybrid material based on chitosan (CH), magnetite (Fe3O4) and phytocomponents from the Eugenia carryophyllata aqueous extract (AE). CH/Fe3O4 was prepared by chemical precipitation of Fe2+ and Fe3+ ions in aqueous solution of sodium hydroxide and CH. E. carryophyllata’s dried buds were hydrodistilled under microwave conditions. The AE was separated in three equal parts, one for the chl...
Autori: Ion Anghel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26707

INHIBITION OF CARBONIC ANHYDRASE I AND II WITH TOTAL ANTHOCYANINS EXTRACTED FROM SWEET CHERRY CULTIVARS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Total anthocyanins were extracted from six sweet cherry cultivars grown in Sakarya, Turkey. In vitro inhibition effects of the extracted total anthocyanins on purified carbonic anhydrase I and II were investigated using CO2 as a substrate. All the extracted total anthocyanins inhibited the activity of the human carbonic anhydrase (hCA) I and II enzymes. Among all the cultivars, ‘Karakiraz’ was found to be the most active on both hCA I (IC50 = 30.59 μg/mL) and hCA II a...
Autori: Taki Demir
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26715

OPTIMIZATION OF ULTRASONIC EXTRACTION CONDITIONS FOR EXCESS SLUDGE PROTEIN USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Response surface methodology and central composite experimental design were used to model and optimize the operational parameters of the excess sludge protein extraction yield by ultrasonic wave-assisted extraction. The three variables involved in this research were the ultrasonic extraction time, pH, and temperature. In the range studied, statistical analysis of the results showed that selected variables had a significant effect on protein extraction yield. The optimized extraction...
Autori: Yulin Xiang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26736

DISCHARGE WATERS: DETERMINATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBON (PAH) LEVELS BY A GC-MS/MS METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract The aim of this work was to determine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) levels in discharge waters from municipal and industrial treatment plants. For this purpose a simple and sensitive method for the analysis of 16 PAHs at ultra-trace levels in water has been developed and validated using liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and gas chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS). The total PAH content was in the range 100-800 ng L-1 for samples from surface treatment ...
Autori: Nadia Crini
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26740

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE HEAT OF COMBUSTION FOR SOLID PLASTIC WASTE MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The aim of this paper is to determine the heat of combustion of plastic wastes resulted from municipal solid waste, automotive shredder facility waste and building and construction waste. The plastic wastes have been separated by flotation technique using as flotation media: water, ethanol, their mixtures and magnetic fluid. Resulted fractions have been analyzed aiming to determine the most effective fraction from the heat of combustion point of view. The obtained results have been ...
Autori: Liviu Costiuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26750

A HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS FOR RECOVERING RARE EARTHS AND METALS FROM SPENT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The recovery of raw materials from waste represents a sustainable growth opportunity for those countries with limited mineral resources availability. A case study for an integrated approach to recover raw materials from spent fluorescent lamps is presented, with the aim of improving the current treatments which are only able to recover the glass fraction. In particular a hydrometallurgical process was developed to obtain valuable metals such antimony, copper, and rare earths (yttriu...
Autori: Roberta De Carolis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26782

ASSESSMENT OF THERMAL ENERGY FOR NaCl PRODUCTION BY SOLAR ASSISTED EVAPORATION OF CONCENTRATED SALTWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Vacuum-tube thermal collectors are used to collect heat radiated by the sun. This heat is then used to drive the forced evaporation of concentrated seawater (saltwater) released by reverse osmosis and the extraction of NaCl. This paper reports heat consumption during evaporation. About 78.90% of seawater has to be evaporated in advance through insolation to initiate forced evaporation. This step is conducted to precipitate the NaCl because only CaSO4·2H2O are initially precip...
Autori: Huaigang Cheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26813

URBAN FOREST CANOPY EXTRACTION USING LIDAR DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) is an important asset in the urban ecological system by reducing the heat, runoff and improving air quality. Estimating the available urban tree canopy is important for decision makers for better understanding of urban ecosystems and helps to improve environmental quality and human health in urban areas and plan conservation activities. This paper reports on an object-oriented tree extraction method developed by using spectral and textural information of High...
Autori: Muneeswaran Mariappan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26858

METHODS TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Municipal (urban) wastewater treatment creates environmental problems, especially in urban areas where urban waste water and industrial waste water have a common treatment system. The present paper aims at describing a method which facilitates the mixing of resulting sludge with metallurgical coke in the process of iron agglomeration due to the heat input brought about by the combustibles in their composition. This method may be applied to reduce the huge quantities of sewage sludge...
Autori: Catalina Iticescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26870

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON ADSORPTION OF PHOSPHORUS ON SEDIMENT COMPONENTS WITH DIFFERENT PARTICLE SIZES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract The adsorption of phosphorus (P) on sediment plays a significant role in phosphorus transport in aquatic systems. This research examined the effect of the main components of sediments (including iron (Fe), manganese (Mn) oxides and organic matter (OM)) on P adsorption and to evaluate their relative contribution with different sediment particle sizes. The sediments were separated into four particle-size fractions: 0-30 μm, 30-62 μm, 62-90 μm, and 90-125 μm, and then selec...
Autori: Yang Xiao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26873

RESEARCH ON WASTEWATER PHYTOREMEDIATION USING AQUATIC SPECIES FOR HEAVY METALS PHYTOEXTRACTION AND BIOACCUMULATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Phytoremediation tests on heavy metals bioaccumulation were performed during 2012-2014 with aquatic species Lemna minor, Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes, Vallisneria spiralis, Hydrilla verticillata, Cladophora glomerata on samples of contaminated waters collected from the toxic pond of waste landfill Şomârd-Mediaş, Sibiu County. With the purpose to check the species capacity for heavy metal removal and bioaccumulation, comparative analysis of water samples wa...
Autori: Dana Malschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26882

THE EXPOSURE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD AND ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC SIGNAL MODIFICATION TO MEDICAL PERSONNEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract This paper presents the results of electrocardiography (ECG) signal acquisition, the heart rate variability (HRV) extraction method and the statistical processing of the extracted features on human exposed below the maximum level of exposure of the electromagnetic field. The ECG recordings were acquired in common situation of electromagnetic fields exposure occurring in hospitals: the power line supply (50 Hz), the fluorescent lights tubs (5 KHz - 150 KHz) and the electrosurgical un...
Autori: Narcis Iulian Adochiei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26904

FROM SEEDS TO BIODIESEL: EXTRACTION, ESTERIFICATION, TRANSESTERIFICATION AND BLENDING OF Jatropha curcas OIL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The aim of this research was to find the optimal method of extracting oil from jatropha seeds and to discovery a technically viable process in which high quality biodiesel can be produced. To begin with, the oil extraction yield obtained with solvent extraction was 34%, using n-hexane in 2 hours. Then, the properties and fatty acid composition of jatropha oil were investigated. We must emphasize that jatropha oil contains about 11% of free fatty acids (FFA), which is far beyond the ...
Autori: Carmen María Fernández
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26909

BIO-MECHANICAL LEACHING OF URANIUM FROM LOW GRADE BLACK SHALE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The present study was designed to determine the sound effects of ultrasonic treatment and the biologically mediated extraction of uranium from low grade black shale. Low grade uranium was subjected to fungal treatments assisted by sonication by conventional methods. In situ fungal leaching of black shale with different fungal strains in the presence of molasses as growth substrate resulted in highest leaching yield of uranium by Phoma tropica (57.73%) compared to Penicillium chrysog...
Autori: Fozia Anjum
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26919

COMPARISON OF THE STABILIZING CAPABILITIES OF IRON AND ALUMINUM IN TREATING WASTE HIGHLY CONTAMINATED WITH ARSENIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Ferric sulfate and aluminum sulfate were applied to stabilize the available arsenic in solid waste residue (SWR) from the organic arsenic industry, previously pretreated by the semi-solid Fenton process. NaOH, Ca(OH)2, and MgO were introduced to adjust the matrix pH. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP), and sequential extraction procedure (SEP) were carried out to evaluate the effect and difference on the fixation treatments of ...
Autori: Li-Fang Hu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26956

ALLELOPATHIC POTENTIAL OF THE Ranunculus rionii LAGGER AND Ceratophyllum demersum L. EXTRACTS AGAINST MICROBIAL AND MICROALGAL CULTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Ranunculus rionii and Ceratophyllum demersum develop aquatic dense stands, which lately started to represent a major ecological concern for all the ponds and/or lakes in Romania. The potential relationships between the phytochemical compounds detected in these plant extracts (acids, phenols, heterocycles, alcohols, hydrocarbures) and the allelopathic properties against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial strains and microalgal cultures were investigated and discussed in the current stud...
Autori: Mariana Lupoae
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26971

IMPACT OF MERCURY POLLUTION ON SOIL, SURFACE WATER AND SEDIMENT ECOSYSTEMS IN THE AREA OF AN OLD MERCURY MINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The aim of this study was to determine the impact of mercury pollution on soil, surface water, and sediment ecosystems in the area of old mercury mines. The study was performed in the touristic area of Sântimbru Băi and Sâncrăieni villages from the Harghita County, Romania. More than twenty years ago, a mine for the extraction of mercury operated in Sântimbru Băi. The area was decontaminated, but no monitoring studies have been made for over 15 years. During t...
Autori: Luisa Roxana Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27038

PRACTICAL WAYS OF EXTRACTING KERATIN FROM KERATINOUS WASTES AND BY-PRODUCTS: A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Renewable resources, biopolymers and bio-based materials are keywords of the sustainable development and environmental sustainability concepts. Biopolymers, the green alternatives to fossil fuel based polymers, have already found different feasible applications, from consumer goods to regenerative medicine. Keratin is the biopolymer contained in the skin derivatives and appendages and is one of the the proteins with the most sophisticated architecture nature could produce. It is found in huge...
Autori: Hossein Rajabinejad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27043

COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT STUDY OF THREE WINTER WHEAT PRODUCTION SYSTEMS IN THE EUROPEAN UNION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Three different winter wheat production systems for three European countries (United Kingdom, France and Italy), all with different climatic conditions, soil management and input levels (e.g. tillage, fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides) were analysed from an environmental perspective. The intended applications were the analysis and comparison from a Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) perspective and the identification of the key parameters which have the greatest influence on final results. The ...
Autori: Daniele Cambria
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27102

ECO-FRIENDLY PRODUCTION OF CHEMICALS 1. IMPROVEMENT OF ENZYMATIC PRODUCTION OF ACETOPHENONE BY DIRECT EXTRACTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Acetophenone can be enzymatically produced by conversion of methylbenzylamine using transaminase. The enzymatic process is strongly affected by the product inhibition, thus requiring the acetophenone removal from the media during its synthesis. In this purpose, the individual and selective extraction of acetophenone and methylbenzylamine with the biocompatible solvent nheptane containing 1-octanol, D2EHPA or TOA has been analyzed at three values of pH (5, 7, and 9). Regardless of the solvent ...
Autori: Lenuţa Kloetzer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27111

VALORIZATION OF GLASS WASTES AS SUPPORT FOR LIPASE IMMOBILIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
This work focuses on treatment of lead polluted waste glass from urban collection (Pb≈5% wt) for its valorization as support in the immobilization of lipase, because soda-lime glasses are used in enzymatic catalysis. First of all, an extraction process of surface Pb was performed. The process is based on nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) chelating agent. The operating conditions are: T=80°C, t=1h, pH 10, solid/liquid weight ratio=1/10, reagent concentration=0.1 M. Leaching tests at contr...
Autori: Luisa Barbieri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27122

RAPESEED MEAL: AN AGRO-WASTE FOR CHEAP/LOW COST LACCASE PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Rapeseed meal (RM) is an abundant and cheap by-product of oil extraction process. RM is a rich source of nitrogen, carbon, and minerals. Thanks to these features, RM has a striking potential for eco-friendly production of high value products in biotechnological processes. In this study, the possibility of using a low-cost medium based on the water soluble fraction of RM for laccase production by the fungus Pleurotus ostreatus has been evaluated and compared with the use of synthetic complex ...
Autori: Lucia Guarino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27129

EXTRACTION OF BIOCHEMICALS FROM THE WINE INDUSTRY BY-PRODUCTS AND THEIR VALORIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
The production process of wine and distilled generates several by-products (20-30% of total production). Currently, most of the solid by-products (pomace, stalks, lees and seeds) obtained as downstream of the vinery industry, are conferred to the distillery or, less frequently, used in agriculture and for energy production. As a consequence, much of the antioxidant compounds contained in the grape is unused in the products of processing and is lost. These substances (among which the most impo...
Autori: Paola Zitella
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27135

CHROMATOGRAPHIC METHOD FOR THE ANALYSIS OF SOME PHARMACEUTICAL COMPOUNDS FROM RIVER WATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
The pharmaceutical compounds are emerging pollutants for which the international scientific community has paid special attention in recent years, because these substances can have adverse effects on living organisms in the aquatic environment. In this paper we developed a chromatographic method for the quantification of trace class of analgesic and anti-inflammatory drugs in river water. The present method is a simple and economical way to perform a preliminary screening of eight widely used pha...
Autori: Vasile Ion Iancu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27227

ASSESSMENT OF THE MOBILITY OF SELECTED ELEMENTS IN BIOLEACHED MINING WASTE FROM ZLOTY STOK (POLAND)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Different bioleaching processes were applied to mining wastes deposited in the highly polluted post-industrial region - Lower Silesia in Poland. The chemical characterization of the wastes before and after bioleaching processes was performed. The characterisation was based on the distribution of selected elements (Fe, Mn, As, Co, Cr, Cu and Ni) between operationally-defined phases. The phases were defined using a six-step extraction procedure optimised according to the properties of the studie...
Autori: Joanna Pałdyna
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27259

QUANTIFICATION OF EFFECTS PRODUCED BY THE EXTRACTION OF MINERAL AGGREGATES TOWARDS WATER BODIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
This paper presents the research performed in view of emphasizing the effects of mineral aggregates extraction on the geomorphological and hydraulic features of Moldova body of water. The effect on the geomorphological features was assessed by overlapping the cross profiles (22 profiles) and long profiles (2 profiles) from the entire area studied. These profiles were obtained by topographical measurements on the starting date (July 2013) and on the research end date, respectively (March 2015). T...
Autori: Paula Cojocaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27335

GREENHOUSE EFFECT REDUCTION THROUGH MINE METHANE VALORIZATION: OVERVIEW AND FEASIBILITY STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Although the main reason for the extraction of methane from coal beds continues to address ensuring the safety of workers, an important driver is the need to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. In order to identify potential technical problems specific for available technologies implementation, we performed a comparative critical analysis, based on which the technically feasible systems resulted, their further selection being based on detailed analysis in financial and investment terms. The re...
Autori: Lucian-Ionel Cioca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27350

WORKERS EXPOSURE TO NOISE IN SURFACE EXTRACTIVE INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Discomfort caused by noise is ever-present, having numerous physiological, psychological and social implications. One of the most important discomfort factors for personnel working in the processes of surface coal extraction is represented by noise. This paper examines how noise generated by the process of lignite extraction influences the working capacity of employees. The covering effect of voice or different sound and verbal signals, during work, leads to tiring efforts of attention, thus de...
Autori: Sorin Simion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27366

OPTIMIZATION OF UNDERGROUND ENVIRONMENT BY IMPROVING THE MANAGEMENT OF VENTILATION NETWORKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
In the process of underground coal mining a complex network of vertical, horizontal and inclined mine workings with the purpose of extraction, transportation and evacuation to the surface are utilized. The mining workings are also being utilized for ventilation network system, which is also used for ensuring the oxygen supply necessary for workers, as well for diluting explosive gases and/or toxic substances and, ultimately, for exhausting the heat resulted from underground workings. For air flo...
Autori: Marius Simion Morar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27372

A CRITICAL REVIEW OF DRILLING WASTE MANAGEMENT TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
Drilling waste management for oil and gas industry involves collection, transportation, processing, recycling, disposal, and monitoring of waste materials in order to reduce their effects on health and environment. In the Exploration and Production industry, environmental concerns have made effective management of drilling waste at well sites a great priority. Effective waste management is thus a key element in a successful drilling project. The industry therefore relies on effective expertise a...
Autori: M. Enamul Hossain
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27375

UTILIZATION OF Citrus sinensis WASTE FOR THE PRODUCTION OF β-GLUCOSIDASE BY SOLID-STATE FERMENTATION USING A Bacillus subtilis MUTANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
The utilization of agro-industrial waste as a potential substrate for producing enzymes may serve a dual purpose of reducing the environmental pollution along with producing a high value commercial product. Twelve different agro-industrial wastes were evaluated for extracellular BGL (β-glucosidase) production by a mutant of Bacillus subtilis on solid state fermentations (SSF). The Citrus sinensis bagasse was found to be the most suitable substrate with highest BGL titer (35 U/gds). Optimum ...
Autori: Ruchi Agrawal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27378

LONG-TERM IMPACTS OF GROUND SKIDDING ON STANDING TREES: ASSESSMENT OF DECAY USING STRESS WAVES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
Timber harvesting and log extraction with conventional ground-based skidding systems in steep, mountainous terrain often results in severe damage to residual stands and forest sites. In this study, the impact of rubber-tired skidders on standing trees along sides of the trails was investigated 5 to 20 years post-harvest in terms of frequency and development of decay at the points of wounding. The study was located in the Hyrcanian mountainous forests of Iran. All standing beech trees (healthy or...
Autori: Davoud Kartoolinejad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27457

USE OF ZINC ASH FROM GALVANIZATION AS A SOURCE OF ZINC OXIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
This paper reports the possibility of using zinc ash as a secondary source for zinc oxide, which can be further used as white pigment. For the extraction of zinc from zinc ash, sulphuric acid was used. The impact of different parameters (ash fraction, contact time, sulphuric acid concentration and liquid:solid (L:S) ratio) upon the extraction degree of metallic ions from zinc ash was studied. The optimum conditions for the metallic ions extraction are: 20 % H2SO4, 30 minutes contact time, 1:1 L:...
Autori: Adina Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27475

METHODS FOR HEAVY METALS (HM) EXTRACTION FROM SLUDGE SAMPLES AND THEIR USE FOR SOIL UPGRADING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The paper presents results obtained by analysis of some soil and wastes samples in order to establish the heavy metal (HM) content from these samples. The analyzed wastes were sewage sludge from municipal waste treatment and hydrotechnical basin sludge. These types of wastes were mixed with soil from Oltenia Sub-Carpathian area, obtaining the substrates useful for different types of plants. It was studied the migration potential of the metals from substrate to apple trees, the results being comp...
Autori: Cristian Predescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27476

MONITORING OF MOBILIZATION AND UPTAKE OF NUTRIENTS IN RESPONSE TO EDTA ADDITIONS TO A CONTAMINATED AGRICULTURAL SOIL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Mobilization of micro- and macronutrients and their uptake by Zea mays L. and Triticum aestivum L. in response to EDTA additions to risk metal contaminated agricultural soil was monitored over a three year period on the field scale. EDTA addition effectively increased the mobility of total water-soluble micronutrients (Cu, Fe, Mn) and macronutrients (Ca, Mg, P) in soil extracts. Mobilization was highest in the first year and decreased strongly over time. Elements with a high affinity for EDTA (C...
Autori: Reinhard Rauch
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27477

MULTIPLE STAGE CROSS-CURRENT EXTRACTION USING VEGETABLE OIL IN THE REMEDIATION OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS-CONTAMINATED SOIL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
The present study aims to compare the efficiency of a single extraction and a 3-stage cross-current extraction of PAHs from both lowly contaminated (LC) and highly contaminated (HC) sands using palm kernel and soybean oils (PKO, SO). It is observed that 3-stage cross-current extractions increase the total efficiencies compared to single extractions by 18.7–22.7% and 27.2–30.6% for LC and HC sands, respectively. Maximum efficiencies of 94.3% and 98.4% are obtained for phenanthrene (PH...
Autori: Ee Von Lau
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27530

MASS TRANSFER MODEL OF SOIL VAPOR EXTRACTION UNDER THERMAL TREATMENT FOR REMOVING A VOLATILE CONTAMINANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
A series of column experiments were conducted to study volatile contaminant (benzene) removal and process principles using soil vapor extraction (SVE) under different thermal conditions. Compared with the normal SVE method, two thermal methodssteam injection and electrical resistance heating effectively increased the benzene vapor diffusion and removal rates. The removal efficiency of benzene with the electrical resistance heating method was 96.5%, which was significantly higher than that with t...
Autori: Peng Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27534

PRECONCENTRATION AND DETERMINATION OF SAFRANINE T IN ENVIRONMENTAL WATER SAMPLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
A micelle-mediated preconcentration method has been developed for determination of Safranine T at trace amounts, which is widely used in textile industry. It can be evaluated as one of the dangereous chemicalsdue to its carcinogenicity and toxic properties. The method is based on the cloud point extraction (CPE) of Safranine T at pH 8.0 in the presence of Triton X-114 as nonionic surfactant. The obtained surfactant–rich phase (SRP) was diluted with ethanol and its absorbance was measured ...
Autori: Songül Ulusoy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27538

CASTOR LEAF POWDER AS A BIOSORBENT FOR Cu(II) REMOVAL AND PRECONCENTRATION OF NATURAL WATER SAMPLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
This paper describes the preparation and use of a low cost biosorbent made of castor leaves for the extraction of Cu(II) from an aqueous medium. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), surface area and pore diameter measurements. The results showed absorption bands of carboxylic and amide groups at 1738 and 1540 cm-1, respectively, and the measured surface area was 1.3728 ± 0.0160 m2 g-1, with predominance of microporous < 10.51 Å. ...
Autori: Milene S. Pereira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27540

EVALUATION OF PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS CONTENT IN GRAPE SEEDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
There is an increasing interest in the food industry and in protective health care for the expansion of natural antioxidants from plant materials. The solid wastes generated by the winemaking industry represent about 30% of the material used and it consists mainly of grape pomace (containing seeds, pulp, stem and skin). It is well known that high quantities of valuable compounds like dietary fibre, oils from the seeds, anthocyanins and phenolic compounds still remain within the grape marc. The p...
Autori: Valeriu V. Cotea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27553

MASS TRANSFER IN SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION AT HIGH SOLUTE CONCENTRATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
The solid-liquid extraction process and some of its influencing factors such as solid-liquid ratio, temperature and salt initial amount have been investigated. Also, mathematical modeling for mass transfer coefficients calculation was applied. An inert porous solid material (coal), impregnated with 10% and 20% mass NaCl or 15% and 30% mass CaCl2, was used. The leaching was conducted in a fixed bed column, in laminar flow. The CaCl2 impregnated samples were investigated in a column with a height...
Autori: Marcel Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27557

ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITIES OF BEECH BARK (Fagus sylvatica L.) POLYPHENOLIC EXTRACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
The study provides information about separation and identification of natural bioactive compounds from beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) bark with potential therapeutic applications such as antibacterial activity against human pathogens. Beech is a common material used in the wood industry, but its bark is separated from the wood and is considered a by-product. In this study, natural compounds with biological activity were obtained from beech bark by hot water extraction. The high-performance liquid ch...
Autori: Corneliu Tănase
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27561

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4
Vol. 1Nr. 11
• Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4    • AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART II – USER INTERFACE AND FIELD VALIDATION    • COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS    • FATE AND BIODEGRADATION OF ESTROGENS IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS – A REVIEW    • ANALYSIS OF THE MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF MIXED MUN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27577

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
• Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 4    • AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART II – USER INTERFACE AND FIELD VALIDATION    • COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS    • FATE AND BIODEGRADATION OF ESTROGENS IN THE ENVIRONMENT AND ENGINEERING SYSTEMS – A REVIEW    • ANALYSIS OF THE MATERIAL COMPOSITION OF MIXED MUN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27576

RECOVERY OF LiMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3O2 FROM SPENT LITHIUM-ION BATTERY USING A SPECIALLY DESIGNED DEVICE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
Recycling of battery components for natural resources sustainability and consumer products has become an important endeavor that demands continuity through effective processes. In compliance with the need for waste management, LiMn1/3Ni1/3Co1/3O2 in the positive electrode of spent lithium-ion batteries has been recovered using specially designed device, consisting of two compartments separated with a plastic sieve of pore size 0.2mm. The upper compartment equipped with a mechanical stirrer conta...
Autori: Oluwatosin Emmanuel Bankolehttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27581

PREPARATION OF Moringa oleifera SEEDS AS COAGULANT IN WATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
The influence of the active compound of Moringa oleifera Lam (MO) seeds was evaluated by different methods for the preparation of the natural coagulant in the treatment of surface water. Nine methods were analyzed, comprising samples of seed powder with different granulometry, aqueous and saline solutions, evaluated before and after oil extraction from MO seeds. Tests of coagulation/flocculation and sedimentation were accomplished using simple Jar Test. Natural coagulant dose of 50 mg.L-1 identi...
Autori: Karina Cardoso Valverde
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27588

CLOSING THE MATERIALS CYCLE IN PYROMETALLURGICAL PRODUCTION OF LEAD FROM WASTE FRACTIONS: HYDROMETALLURGICAL PURIFICATION OF IRON CONTAINING WASTE IN VIEW OF RECYCLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Pyrometallurgical recycling of lead from spent batteries entails secondary waste fractions generated in the blast furnace as iron stone and lead slags. For further purification of both fractions, hydrometallurgic processing is proposed. This paper focuses on purification of iron stone, in view of recovering metals (mainly lead) and of producing decontaminated iron stone fit for further recycling. The results demonstrate that iron stone is mainly composed of iron and lead; copper, zinc and antimo...
Autori: Bart Van der Bruggen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27642

VERTICAL DISTRIBUTION AND POTENTIAL MOBILITY OF HEAVY METALS IN NEW AND OLD TAILINGS OF A LEAD/ZINC SULFIDE MINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Sulfide bearing mine tailings generated through mining and processing of mineral ores is one of the serious problems around the world due to their potential environmental hazards. Current study focuses on vertical distribution and potential mobility of metals in New and Old tailings of a Lead and Zinc mining area of India. Mine tailing profiles sampled from New (0-500mm) and Old tailing (0-400mm) dams were chemically (pH, EC, Carbonate content, Cd, Pb, Zn and Mn levels) and mineralogically (usin...
Autori: Malik Anju
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27690

APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM) FOR OPTIMIZATION OF ZINC EXTRACTION FROM ANAEROBIC SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The reuse of sewage sludge will be increasing in the future, with expansion of sewerage works and advanced sewage treatments. During anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants the humification of organic matter will have an important effect on the physico-chemical forms of heavy metals. The aim of our paper was to investigate mobility of zinc from dried anaerobic sludge (DANS) from municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) via single step (simultaneous) extraction pr...
Autori: Vladimír Frišták
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27695

RESEARCH ON WASTEWATERS BIOREMEDIATION WITH AQUATIC SPECIES FOR CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
With the aim of contribute to a bioremediation technology drafting, this paper presents a preliminary research on bioremediation of wastewaters polluted with heavy metals and other toxic contaminants. Bioremediation tests were performed with aquatic species Lemna minor, Vallisneria spiralis, Eichhornia crassipes, Hydrilla verticillata, Pistia stratiotes, Cladophora glomerata, on samples of contaminated waters resulting from the toxic pond of waste landfill Şomârd-Mediaş, Sibiu Co...
Autori: Dana Malschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27702

DETERMINATION OF THE RARE EARTH METALS IN THE RED MUD FOR POSSIBLE UTILIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Huge amount of red mud has been disposed for the past several decades and it is still generating all over the world. Red mud is a waste of the bauxite processing industry obtained during the alkaline extraction of alumina from bauxite ore. The red mud is a potential raw material containing several valuable components including iron, titanium and rare earth metals. The aim of the research was to develop an appropriate acid digestion technique for the red mud in order to determine the amount of...
Autori: Tatjána Juzsakova1
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27780

SOIL-WASHING AND THERMAL PLASMA TREATMENT FOR DECONTAMINATION OF DREDGED MARINE SEDIMENTS FROM THE MIDIA PORT – ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The aim of this paper is to show the results of two methodological approaches applied for decontamination of the Midia Port dredged sediment to assess their potential reusability. Firstly, the sediment samples were defined in physical, chemical, microbiological and ecotoxicological terms. The results were compared to the limit values established by environmental regulations for dredged sediment management. Some sediment samples exposed a very high concentration of hydrocarbons; the sediments wer...
Autori: Irina Catianis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27770

MONITORING THE BREAKDOWN OF DINOCAP IN SPIKED SOIL, WINE AND GRAPE SAMPLES BY GC/MS AND FTIR/ATR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Capillary gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry technique was used for the assessment of low concentration of dinitrophenol pesticide, Dinocap in different spiked samples. For this purpose it has been spiked with Dinocap (15- 200 μg/mL) five environmental matrices (a soil sample and two each samples of wine and grapes). The Dinocap degradation grade in these samples was also monitored. The extraction was performed in dichloromethane. The assessment of the Dinocap in the samples we...
Autori: Nicoleta Grigoriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27746

AN INTEGRATED HIGH TEMPORAL RESOLUTION APPROACH TO MONITOR VOCs CONCENTRATIONS AND ODOUR ANNOYANCE NEAR A PETROLEUM PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
This study aims to monitor Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and odour annoyance perceived by the exposed population living nearby a petroleum plant through an integrated high temporal resolution methodological approach. The area under investigation is considered one of the most critical industrial areas of the South of Italy (Basilicata) because of presence of the largest Italian petroleum plant, called the "Center Olio Val d'Agri" (COVA). In fact, VOCs and odours emitted from ext...
Autori: Alessia Di Gilio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27791

INNOVATIVE USE OF SCRAP AND WASTE DERIVING FROM THE STONE AND THE CONSTRUCTION SECTOR FOR THE MANUFACTURING OF BRICKS. REVIEW OF THE INTERNATIONAL SCENARIO AND ANALYSIS OF AN ITALIAN CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
The construction sector has evolved a lot over the last few years promoting the design and manufacturing of innovative and environmentally sustainable materials and products. In accordance with European and national guidelines, with a growing awareness of environmental issues several experiences are showing the interest of companies to qualify their products as green and environmentally sustainable. In the European context many directives have been introduced which, among their themes, speak of ...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27806

TREATMENT OF BIODIESEL WASTEWATER BY SOLVENT EXTRACTION: EVALUATION OF KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
Transesterification is one of the main biodiesel production method that produces huge amount of wastewater due to the high organic substance content (COD =300000-400000 mg/L, oil and grease= 17000-25000 mg/L). Although there are several treatment methods, flotation is the current conventional treatment method for oil and grease (O&G) before the biological treatment. In this study solvent extraction method was developed for pre-refining of biodiesel wastewaters. For the solvent extraction met...
Autori: Pınar Tanattı
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27850

SAND TREATMENT PROCEDURES FOR CHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND BEACH SAND QUALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
Sand contamination is an important factor when assessing the health hazard potential of public beaches. The goals of this study are to assess the performance of four sand washing procedures on the removal of surface adsorbed chemical species, and to identify which chemical components are best suited for monitoring the health quality of beach sand. Four washing treatments were investigated: contact, stirring, sonication, and boiling. Sand samples were collected from three Portuguese beaches an...
Autori: Mário Dias Almeida
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27890

MODELLING THE SOURCE TERM FOR POLLUTANTS GENERATED FROM GALVANIC CELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 4
Being able to estimate the quantity of pollutants that can be spread in the environment is a factor of paramount importance in the industrial panorama. In order to accomplish such aim, a crucial step is the estimation of the so-called source term, that is the rate of generation (or release) of a substance in a generic process. A proper estimation requires to consider both the machinery and the unit operations present into the analysed system. For such reasons, ad hoc considerations and models...
Autori: Marco Barozzi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27964

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSION REDUCTION IN FROZEN FOOD PACKAGING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
This study evaluates the environmental impacts of four types of frozen food packages throughout their lifecycle and suggests strategies for reducing their related environmental impacts. The four most widely used frozen food packaging materials were chosen for this study: (1) pouches composed of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) film; (2) pouches composed of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) and LDPE film laminate; (3) cardboard boxes coated with LDPE; and (4) multipackage composed of cardboard boxe...
Autori: Daina Kliaugaite
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27979

COLORS DISTRIBUTION IN POLYMER WASTES AND COLOR PREDICTION OF RECYCLED POLYMERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 5
In this paper, several image analysis techniques have been applied aiming to obtain useful information regarding the processing of municipal solid waste polymers. An automated color extraction method has been applied in order to quantize the color distribution in the polymer wastes aiming their resource and time-efficient separation according to their color. Also, by processing different density fractions from the polymer waste the color of the final material has been predicted, as well as th...
Autori: Silvia Patachia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27994

PRINCIPLES AND TECHNOLOGY FOR THE SUBSTITUTION OF STRIP COAL PILLARS WITH COAL REFUSE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 6
This paper analyzes the fundamental principles of the substitution of strip coal pillars with coal refuse through the combination of theoretical analysis, physical simulation and numerical calculation with engineering practice. We propose to lay out roadways through strip coal pillars in a reasonable manner so as to produce a “coal-rock bearing mass” consisting of stowboards (i.e., roadways backfilled with coal refuse) and coal pillars that substitute the original strip coal pilla...
Autori: Qiang-ling Yao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28014

ASSESSMENT MODEL OF STRATA PERMEABILITY CHANGE DUE TO UNDERGROUND LONGWALL MINING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 6
The coal gas is a potential risk for the safety production in coalmines. The practical experiences in coalmine show that the gas may suffer massive desorption and migration after coal seam mining and deformation of overlying strata. Therefore, gas extraction in mines focuses on mining ground pressure relief gas extraction. In this paper, the study is carried out on gas permeability and migration pathway based on movements of overlying strata over the working face and the spatial location of t...
Autori: Jianwei Cheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28019

TRACE ELEMENTS EXTRACTION FROM METAL CONTAMINATED SOILS - IMPLICATION FOR RECLAMATION OF GOLD MINE AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 9
Trace elements (TEs) in contaminated soils are considered as primary jeopardy issues in developing countries which can cause major concerns for this industry and also menace the surrounding ecosystems, human health and wildlife, so urgent reclamation methods are required. The present research aims to evaluate potential phytoremediation capability of selected plant species Tamarix Spp., Haloxylon Spp. and Malcolmia Africana to grow in TE contaminated soils. Muteh Gold mine, a widespread mountaino...
Autori: Ali Daryabeigi Zand
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28056

PHENOLIC CONTENT AND ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY OF EXTRACTS FROM Bifurcaria bifurcata ALGA, OBTAINED BY DIVERSE EXTRACTION CONDITIONS USING THREE DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES (HYDROTHERMAL, ULTRASOUNDS AND SUPERCRITICAL CO2)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 7
Extracts of Bifurcaria bifurcata seaweed were obtained by diverse conditions. Different extraction techniques, such as hydrothermal and ultrasounds, and three different solvents (water, ethanol and water/ethanol (50:50)) depending on technique were used. Moreover, supercritical CO2 (SC-CO2) with 10% of ethanol as co-solvent using different extraction times (30, 45 and 60 min) was also used as extraction technique. Extraction yield, phenolic content and antioxidant activity were measured for e...
Autori: Rubén Agregán
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28039

CIRCULAR ECONOMY AND UPCYCLING OF WASTE AND PRE-CONSUMER SCRAPS IN CONSTRUCTION SECTOR. THE ROLE OF INFORMATION TO FACILITATE THE EXCHANGE OF RESOURCES THROUGH A VIRTUAL MARKETPLACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 10
The activities connected with the construction sector are responsible for several environmental impacts, both in the construction sector, and in the many manufacturing sectors involved in the supply chain of materials and products (mining sector, manufacturing sector, waste treatment etc.). The building products have a marked cross-sectorial connotation, according to the ANCE 2016 report, 31 economic sectors out of 36 are suppliers in the construction sector. One of the possibilities to reduce t...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28090

PRELIMINARY STUDY OF SOIL COMPOSITION FROM BALKAN ENDEMIC NEPHROPATHY AREAS, USING A GC-MS METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 11
Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic kidney disease occurring predominantly in certain rural villages from Balkan Peninsula, including Romania. Peculiar environmental factors, such as drinking water, organic contaminants derived from coal, plant toxins, mycotoxins, heavy metals have been proposed to be causing the disease. Still, one of these etiological factors stands out: Aristolochia clematitis L., a plant that contains aristolochic acids (AAs) known as carcinogenic and nephrotoxic c...
Autori: Lavinia Paula Drăghia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28104

STUDY OF VOLATILE COMPOUNDS OF ROMANIAN RED WINES AGED WITH OAK CHIPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 2
Wine aroma plays an essential role and can be considered one of the most important attributes of the overall wine quality. Generally, aroma is a remarkable complex chemical matrix comprising compounds from various chemical classes (alcohols, esters, acids, aldehydes, lactones, phenols, terpenes, ketones, norisoprenoids, etc.). Although some studies tackle wine aroma in general, the chemical changes attributed to wine aroma during the ageing process are still poorly understood. In this study, th...
Autori: Georgiana-Diana Dumitriu Gabur
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28151

THERMODYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF HEAVY METALS PRECIPITATION FOR THEIR RECOVERY FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 2
This work seeks to develop a suitable heavy metals precipitation modeling approach that could give reasonable results in mainstream use with industrial wastewater treatment. This paper is devoted to the thermodynamic analysis of the degree of precipitation of slightly soluble hydroxides and salts in industrial wastewaters in order to optimize the technological schemes of extraction and reuse of heavy metals from industrial waste. Based on the notion of the solubility product, the equations desc...
Autori: Igor Povar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28156

STRUVITE PRECIPITATION FROM SEWAGE SLUDGE ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 2
The recovery of nutrients from sewage sludge ash, especial phosphorus, is one of the most important alternative in sewage sludge management. Phosphorus is an essential element for all living organisms and very important for agriculture and industry, as well as. Because the phosphorus is a non-regenerative resource, its recovery plays an important role for society. Phosphorus capitalization as struvite (NH4MgPO4.6H2O) from sewage sludge has attracted considerable attention due to its potential to...
Autori: Bogdan Adrian Militaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28158

EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF SERICIN PROTEIN FROM Bombyx mori
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 5
Silk sericin is a water-soluble macromolecular protein obtained from the raw cocoons of silkworm, Bombyx mori. It comprises of about 25% of the total cocoon shell weight and is categorized as a waste by-product in textile and silk industries after the extraction of silk fibers. This study emphasizes on the extraction of sericin from B. mori by a conventional salt alkaline method and characterized their physico-chemical properties, thermal stability, anti-bacterial and anti-oxidant activities. T...
Autori: Inderchand Manjubala
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28213

OLIVE MILL WASTEWATER (OMW) TREATMENT BY HYBRID PROCESSES OF ELECTROCOAGULATION/CATALYTIC OZONATION AND BIODEGRADATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 8
The olive oil extraction industry is one of the most polluting wastewaters from the food industry, which is considered an important economic activity in the world. The environmental effects of olive wastewater are related to chemical and organic loading, which is resistant to biodegradation processes. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency of combined electrocoagulation, catalytic ozonation, to reduce organic load and improve the biodegradability of olive oil sewage. The pres...
Autori: Mohammad Reza Khani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28261

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