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Rezultatele pentru pretreatment

Rezultate gasite: 26

Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from refinery spent catalysts
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Spent hydroprocessing catalysts from petroleum refining industries have been classified as hazardous wastes due to their content in heavy metal and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The aim of our paper determine the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) residues contents in spent catalysts samples from four different units of the Romanian refinery Rompetrol Rafinare,Constanta: Hydrogen (H), Gas Desulfurization Sulfur Recovery (GDSR), Hydrofining Turbojet Kerosene (HTK) and Pet...
Autori: Camelia Draghici, , , Gabriela Stanciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25449

Integrated treatment of leachate from municipal waste solid landfill
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The present paper proposes an integrated-treatment process of leachate from a municipal landfill, which involves two treatment steps. The first step consists in diminishing the organic content through an advanced oxidation process using ozone and hydrogen peroxide. The second step is performed in order to diminish the content of heavy metals through a sorption process on a natural low-cost biosorbent, thus the traces of organic substances remained after oxidative degradation or oxida...
Autori: Carmen Paduraru, Corneliu Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Lavinia Tofan, Marius Sebastian Secula, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25589

Olive mill wastewater as a renewable resource
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a stable emulsion composed by water, olive pulp and residual oil. An approach for using this waste as a renewable resource is of greater interest. Several authors have been studding physicochemical treatment methods. However, the biological treatments allow not only the treatment, but also the effluent valorization, by producing several valuable products. This effluent is also a source of natural antioxidants and its extraction is economically attra...
Autori: Carina Pereira, Cristiana Goncalves, Isabel Belo, Madalena Alves
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25635

COMPOSITE VEGETABLE DEGRADATION AND ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELL WITH ULTRASONIC PRETREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractVegetable waste was used as the fuel of a two-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) for simultaneous power recovery and wastedegradation. Effects of ultrasonic pretreatment, organic loadings, anolyte pH adjustment on the MFC performance wereinvestigated. Results showed that higher power generation and organic compounds removal efficiency were achieved in theMFCs with the vegetable waste pretreated with ultrasonication at >1.0W/mL compared to the un-pretreated control. A maximumvoltage of ...
Autori: Kun Tao, Xiangchun Quan, Yanping Quan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25953

THE ROLE OF GREEN CHEMISTRY IN BIOMASS PROCESSING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
The book edited by Haibo Xie and NicholasGathergood focuses on one of the most importantscientific issues of the 21 century which is thereplacing fossil fuel with sustainable alternatives suchas biomass. Fossil fuels are conventional rawmaterials for many industrial sectors includingchemical and energy production. Usage of fossil fuelis limited by their availability, price and carbonfootprint. Biomass is a renewable resource globallyavailable, cheaper and carbon sequestering. Step bystep shiftin...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26101

COAGULATION COMBINED WITH FENTON PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF WATER-BASED PRINTING INK WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractWater-based printing ink has been used widely and perfectly in printing the packaging of food, drug, and wine products etc.However, due to the need of altering different colors of ink, most water-based printing ink wastewater was generated from theequipment cleaning process. Coagulation combined with Fenton process has been used for this kind of wastewater treatment inthis study, results showed that coagulation using polyaluminium chloride (PACl) as coagulant and ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) ...
Autori: Xiangjuan Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26214

A NOVEL APPROACH FOR MODELING Cu2+ AND Zn2+ ADSORPTION FROM INDUSTRIAL LEACHATE BY PEANUT SHELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn this work the adsorption of Cu2+ and Zn2+ from industrial wastewater by peanut shells without any pretreatment wasinvestigated through optimization techniques such as a feed-forward back-propagation artificial neural network and a simplexalgorithm. The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm was the best back-propagation algorithm, with a minimum mean squared error of0.000217 for Cu(II) and of 0.000229 for Zn2+. Mean square error on the validation set is used as an estimate for variance.Accordi...
Autori: Başak Mesci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26227

ENHANCING DEWATERING CAPACITY OF SLUDGE RESULTED FROM THE MICRO-POLLUTED WATER STRENGTHENED PRETREATMENT BY POWDERED ZEOLITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractAmmonia pollution occurs frequently in urban water networks, which threatens the safety of water supply systems. Zeolite can beused for the removal of ammonium in the pretreatment of raw water for its peculiar adsorptive property to ammonium, but a largeamount of sludge from this measure could be a significant pollution source. In this work, the dewatering performance ofprecipitated sludge from the pretreatment of micro-polluted raw water was studied. Batch experiments of the simulatedco...
Autori: Bairong Zhu, Hao Chen, Huaizheng Li, Zhenliang Liao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26355

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT AND TOTAL CHROMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY PLUM (P. domestica L.) TREE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe main purpose of the present work was to evaluate the potential of plum (P. domestica L.) tree bark (PDB) to remove Cr(VI)and total chromium from aqueous solutions in batch systems. Experimental data showed that the Cr(VI) and total chromiumremoval capacity was dependent on operating variables such as PDB particle size, PDB pretreatment, solution pH, initial Cr(VI)concentration, and contact time. The mechanism of Cr(VI) removal by PDB implies two simultaneous processes: 1) the reducti...
Autori: Perla Vianey Lopez-Nuñez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26464

INFLUENCE OF EXTRACTION METHODS ON CARAWAY (Carum carvi L.) ESSENTIAL OIL YIELD AND CARVONE/LIMONENE RATIO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The caraway (Carum carvi L.) samples were collected from little meadows situated in Harghita Mountain (Mădăraş Ciuc, Harghita Băi, Jigodin, Tuşnadu Nou), where a relatively small area was covered by a group of rich populations of wild cumin. The harvested plants are dried by: a) convective laboratory dryer in thick layer, b) static outdoors in sunshine, and (c) static in a warm indoor place in darkness. The hand-picked seeds were separated from debris by sie...
Autori: Csaba Dezső András
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26646

CERAMIC MEMBRANE BASED MICROFILTRATION FOR TREATMENT OF HIGHLY CONTAMINATED TANNERY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The feasibility of treating tannery wastewater having high organic loads was studied using ceramic membrane based microfiltration process. The common effluent treatment plant (CETP) of a centralized leather complex was selected for the study which accommodates about 450 tanneries in the city, processing hides from raw to finished products. Effluent sample was collected from different locations of the CETP, i.e. untreated composite effluent, effluent from primary clarifier and from ...
Autori: Priyankari Bhattacharya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26837

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PRETREATMENTS ON BIOMASS COMPOSITION EVALUATED BY SPECTRAL AND CHEMOMETRIC TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Biomass is a very important source for the production of biofuels. During the hydrolysis step of the process for obtaining biofuels the rate of decomposition of biomass is strictly related to its organic matter content and the operating mode of the facilities. This paper highlights the effect of different pretreatments on the composition of biomass at the molecular level using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). For this experiment, a mixture...
Autori: Andreea Cocarcea Rusei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26986

INFLUENCE OF FREEZING/THAWING AND DRYING/MILLING ON BIOCHEMICAL METHANE POTENTIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
In studies of biochemical methane production (BMP) researchers often collate a large number of samples at the same time for a sample archive. The samples are often frozen to avoid microbial transformation, further homogenized by grinding. We studied the influence of subfreezing/thawing and drying/milling of energy crop on BMP and anaerobic biodegradability (BD). Relative standard deviation (RSD, %) between the BMP of controls and of the subfrozen was in the range 2.1–9.0%, and of the d...
Autori: Jin Mi Triolo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27079

CAN DISINTEGRATION BASED ON COD (DDCOD) REPRESENT THE BIODEGRADABILITY OF DISINTEGRATED SLUDGE?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The research presented in this paper aimed to investigate the relationship between sludge anaerobic biodegradability and degree of sludge disintegration based on COD (DDCOD) in a wide range from 0 to 66.7%. Sonication as an advanced sludge pretreatment was used to disintegrate sludge. Meanwhile, biogas production in the anaerobic digestion process was used to present the sludge biodegradability. The performances of anaerobic digestion for pretreated sludge at different degrees of disintegrati...
Autori: Shuyu Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27100

EVALUATION OF A PILOT-SCALE SEQUENCING BATCH BIOFILTER GRANULAR REACTORS (SBBGR) SYSTEM FOR MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Sequencing Batch Biofilter Granular Reactors (SBBGRs) represent an innovative technology; coupling granular and attached biomass and operating in a batch mode. These systems allow good removal rates with low sludge production and space requirement. A particular application, consisting of an aeration unit and an upflow SBBGR in series, has been tested at pilot scale. The pilot system was installed at a conventional activated sludge plant and fed with average-strength urban wastewater after pre...
Autori: Paolo Cirello
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27123

PRODUCTION OF BIOPLASTIC FROM WASTE OILS BY RECOMBINANT Escherichia coli: A PIT-STOP IN WASTE FRYING OIL TO BIO-DIESEL CONVERSION RACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Waste frying oil (WFO) is a complex and heterogeneous waste collected mainly from restaurants and, to a lesser extent, from food processors and households. In the last decades, interest for this waste has deeply grown and a strong competition in grabbing this raw material has begun. About 90% of WFOs collected in Europe is recycled for biodiesel production, being the high free fatty acids (FFAs) concentration in WFOs one of the main drawback limiting the yield of the conversion process. In th...
Autori: Cinzia Pezzella
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27130

ELECTROCHEMICAL CATALYTIC DEGRADATION AND BIODEGRADABILITY ENHANCEMENT OF REAL TEXTILE WASTEWATER BY ANODIC AND CATHODIC REACTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
An electro-Fenton process was carried out using undivided cell containing tridimensional graphite felt cathode for treatment of real textile wastewater. The study is essentially focused on effects of pH, applied current and transition metal types (Fe2+ and Cu2+) as catalysts on the electrochemical degradation efficiency based on color and COD removal and BOD5/COD value. The results indicated that pH 3 and applied current of 150 mA are the optimum conditions for decolorization and COD removal of ...
Autori: Akbar Eslami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27167

EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PRETREATMENTS ON BIO-HYDROGEN PRODUCTION FROM MARICULTURE ORGANIC WASTES (MOW)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this study, S-TE pretreated mariculture organic waste (MOW) was used as substrate. Acid, alkaline, S-TE, sterilization and microwave pretreated waste sludge was used as inoculation respectively. The highest hydrogen yield of 22.02 ml H2/g COD (chemical oxygen demand) was obtained from MOW with sterilization pretreated inoculation at mesophilic conditions in batch reactors. The impacts of different pretreatments on the changes of soluble chemical oxygen demand (SCOD), protein, carbohydrate, pH...
Autori: Liang Guo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27193

EFFECT OF PRETREATMENT ON Ceratophyllum demersum FOR ENHANCED BIOSORPTION OF Cr(VI) AND Cd(II)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
In this work, twenty different physical and chemical methods were used to study the effect of pretreatment on Cr(VI) and Cd(II) biosorption by an aquatic plant (Ceratophyllum demersum) biomass. The H3PO4 boiled biomass had the highest biosorption capacity (45 mg/g) for Cr(VI). The NaOH boiled biomass showed a higher biosorption capacity for Cd(II) (63 mg/g). Dunnett's test was carried out to compare the biosorption capacity of raw biomass with those pretreated by H3PO4 and NaOH, and the resu...
Autori: Pari Teymouri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27265

STUDY REGARDING THE OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR REDUCING SUGARS PRODUCTION FROM WHEAT STRAWS BY ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
The purpose of this paper is to present the results regarding the obtaining of reducing sugars at the enzymatic hydrolysis of the lignocellulosic material, wheat straws. For these, the lignocellulosic material was submitted to a preliminary pretreatment for destruction of the cellulose crystalline structure and to increase the material's susceptibility to the enzymatic attack. The preliminary pretreated material with diluted acid (0.5%-4%) or with water at different temperatures (120-170&ord...
Autori: Eufrozina Albu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27463

TREATMENT OF PAPERMAKING TOBACCO SHEET WASTEWATER BY ELECTROCOAGULATION AND BIODEGRADABILITY ENHANCEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Papermaking tobacco sheet wastewater exhibits high content of fine suspended solids (SS), intensive color and low biodegradability. Through the process of electrocoagulation (EC) using aluminum anode and stainless steel net cathode, the performance of wastewater treatment and the evolution of the main components in wastewater were examined. Maintaining the pH of wastewater, with 40 mA/cm2 of current density, 2.5 g/L of NaCl for a reaction of 6 min duration, 66.1% of the total chemical oxygen dem...
Autori: Xiangjuan Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27509

TREATMENT OF FORGING INDUSTRY WASTEWATER USING NON-HYBRID AND HYBRID PROCESSES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
In this study, five distinctive separation processes namely sand filtration (SF), adsorption, microfiltration (MF), ultrafiltration (UF) and nanofiltration (NF) were examined in two ways for the treatment of forging industry wastewater. At first, each process was examined separately, and then they were applied in association with each other as hybrid processes including pretreatment, main treatment, and post-treatment. The results related to non-hybrid experiments show that none of the mentioned...
Autori: Reza Aminzadeh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27847

INFLUENCE OF VARIOUS COMBINATIONS OF HEAT PRETREATMENT ON HYDROGEN FERMENTATION FROM DEOILED JATROPHA WASTE USING MIXED MICROFLORA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 1
This study emphasis the hydrogen fermentation from de-oiled Jatropha waste (DJW), a secondary and promising waste from biodiesel industry via influence of various combination of heat pretreatment using sewage sludge as inoculum. Batch experiments were carried out at a DJW concentration of 50 g/L, temperature of 55oC and an initial cultivation pH of 7. The peak hydrogen production rate and hydrogen yield of 16.3 mmol H2/L-d and 1.10 mmol H2/g volatile solids (VS), respectively, were obtained ...
Autori: Gopalakrishnan Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27874

LIQUID WASTE MANAGEMENT METHODOLOGY. A WASTE-TO-ENERGY APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 12
The purpose of this paper was to sum up the most appropriate pretreatment methods for destabilizing the oil waste emulsions coming from metal surface processing operations. A three steps oil waste management pretreatment methodology was proposed considering the application of the waste hierarchy and end-of waste criteria in the spirit of circular economic concept. Our main objective was to valorize the high energy content of oil waste flows using low cost pretreatment methods. The obtained phase...
Autori: Lidia Kim
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28122

ENHANCEMENT OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM FOOD WASTES IN A HYBRID ANAEROBIC–AEROBIC BIOREACTOR BY MANURE ADDITION AND LIME-PRETREATMENT OF RECYCLED LEACHATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 12
The production of food wastes is a serious issue in developed and developing countries. The biogas production technology is one of the most sustainable methods for treating food wastes. Currently, there is a great need to implement suitable methods to enhance biodegradation and methane production. This study investigated the effect of manure addition and leachate lime-pretreatment on the biogas and methane production from spoilable municipal solid wastes using a hybrid anaerobic-aerobic bioreact...
Autori: Fatemeh Aliasgari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28123

UASB TECHNOLOGY AND CONSTRUCTED WETLAND ALTERNATIVE TO SEWAGE TREATMENT OF SMALL COMMUNITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 7
In Brazil, there is a deficit of access in relation to sewage services for a large part of the population, and this fact is the one responsible for the contamination of watercourses. This is because to the lack of investment in infrastructure in the country, since sewage treatment plants require high costs and high area demand for deployment, besides the installation of the collection system, which directs the wastewater to treatment. This paper describes the behavior of wetlands as a post trea...
Autori: Rodrigo de Freitas Bueno
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28241

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