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Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole� Degradation of alcian blue 8 gx by heterogeneous and homogeneous photocatalytic processes� Evaluating the performance of solid waste management models� Bioreactors with stirred bed of immobilized cells 1. Studies on mixing efficiency� Fugitive emissions estimation from petroleum storage tanks� New Ni(II) coordination polymers with insulating and anticorrosive properties� Determination of water quality deterioration at pilgrimage centre along river netrav...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25196

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
Contine urmatoarele articole:??Â?Â? Alternative energy sources in transition countries. The case of bioenergy in Ukraine??Â?Â? Catalytic destruction of aromatic VOCs on SCR-DeNOx commercial catalyst??Â?Â? Ecological Economics And Transport Systems??Â?Â? Bioleaching of uranyl ions from uranium ores by some algae??Â?Â? Irreversible affinity immobilization of lentil seedling??Â?Â? Evaluation of artificial neural network techniques for river flow forecasting??Â?Â? Hydrogen and sustainable energy. Re...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25194

Hydrogen and sustainable energy. Research for hydrogen production
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
Abstract Hydrogen could be considered a synthetic secondary power carrier fuel in the years to come, subsequent to the fossil fuels economy. Thus the concept 'hydrogen economy' shall be defined, and it will also have a great influence in the future years.The field of power generation (producing electric power), transports, (electric cars), chemistry (hydrogen is a major raw material) are potential users of hydrogen.The experts support, by means of a series of economical and strategic analysis ma...
Autori: Corina Rădulescu, Elisabeta Păsculete, Florentina Condrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25111

Solid waste management systems assessment: the municipality's point-of-view
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
AbstractThe objective of the paper is to present sustainability indicators for municipal solid waste management (MSWM). Sustainability implies environmental, economic and social acceptance. The complexity of the system-in-focus requires the employment of a systems (or cybernetic) approach: Acceptance implies clear objectives, from a specific point of view (here, the viewpoint of the municipal administration is taken), over a time horizon covering at least two generations, a life-cycle considerat...
Autori: Demetrios Panagiotakopoulos, Konstantinia Tsilemou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25112

Evaluating the performance of solid waste management models
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
The great variety of available Solid Waste Management System (SWMS) models, along with a plethora of continuously developing technological advancements in the design and operation of the treatment facilities and collection and transport schemes, the continous updating of national (and/or European) regulations on waste management and the increased computer literacy and availability, renders the selection of a SWMS model a complex endeavor. From the view point of a municipality, the following ques...
Autori: Demetrios Panagiotakopoulos, Konstantinia Tsilemou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25115

Leptospirosis:clinical and environmental aspects of the IaÂ?i county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
During 2005 and 2006, in the Infectious Diseases Hospital in IaÂ?i, there were admitted 26 patients suffering by Leptospirosis. The clinical investigations followed the tests of inflammation, the renal and hepatic proofs, the cefalo-rahidian liquid’s aspect, the ELISA Leptospirosis serum tests etc. The Leptospirosis etiology shown that on 50% of the patients, the affection was owed to L.ichterohemoragiae. The average cost of the treatment for a patient was evaluated as around 1000 Euro. The pa...
Autori: Carmen Dorobăţ, Doina Carmen Manciuc, Mihai Nicu, Mihnea Hurmuzache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25120

Methyl tert- butyl ether occurrence and degradation in water
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
The use of gasoline oxygenated with MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) reduced significantly air pollution (16 - 23% lower emissions of CO and 18% lower emissions of unburned hydrocarbons) but increased water pollution. There is no European or national regulations for MTBE in drinking water except for Denmark, which has set a limit value of 30 ”g/ L for MTBE. USEPA proposed a maximum concentration of 20- 40 ”g/L. This paper is a review with 70 references on the MTBE production, use, properties and...
Autori: Camelia Beţianu, Florina Ungureanu, Loredana Branza, Lucian Vasile Pavel, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25122

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 No.4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
Iinclude urmatoarele articole:� Process water of papermaking: model building and characterization� Landfill inventory in the Republic of Moldova: problems and solutions� Floodplain revegetation and river basin restoration� Environmental problems of copper complex in Bor area� Researches on air micro flora determination from public indoor spaces and hospital wards in an urban area� Current practice of solid waste management in Malaysia and its disposal� An assessment of potential he...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25199

Removal of zinc (II) from aqueous solutions by romanian sphagnum peat moss
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
In recent years the removal of toxic substances especially heavy metals from water and wastewater by using of non-conventional low-cost sorbent (industrial wastes and some natural material including microorganisms, plant-derived materials, agricultural products and by-products, mineral oxides, clays) has received much attention. In this paper efficiency of Zn (II) removal from aqueous solutions by sorption onto Romanian sphagnum peat moss was studied in batch experiments involving process parame...
Autori: Angelica Kicsi, , Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25126

Removal of persistent organic pollutants from textile wastewater by membrane processes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
AbstractThe textile industry is a large water consumer. Stringent regulations of wastewater characteristics require the use of membrane processes for the removal of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) from textile wastewater prior to discharge or recycling of these effluents.This paper presents an overview of research related to the removal of persistent organic pollutants from textile industry by membrane processes, discussing also the correlations with actual pre-treatment and removal rates. ...
Autori: , Corina - Petronela Musteret
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25127

Marine micro and macro algal species as biosorbents for heavy metals
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
AbstractThis paper reviews some practical aspects of the application of algal biomass for the biosorption of heavy metals from wastewater. The ability of different algal species to remove metals varies with algal group and morphology, with the speciation of specific metals and their competition with others in wastewater, and with environmental or process factors. The scattered literature on the uptake of heavy metals by both living and dead algal biomass - both macroalgae and immobilized microal...
Autori: Loredana Branza, Maria Gavrilescu, Matthew J. Dring
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25133

Process water of papermaking: model building and characterization
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
Actual trends in papermaking concern on the use of recycled fibers and minimizing effluent volume by closing water circuit. Beside environmental and economic advantages, both trends can lead to serious problems in papermaking processes due to contaminants introduced with recycled fibers and their accumulation in closed water system. A key factor to avoid disturbances in the papermaking is to prevent the accumulation of detrimental compounds. In this respect, first it is necessary to find out met...
Autori: Dan Belosinschi, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25134

Landfill inventory in the Republic of Moldova: problems and solutions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbsractThe paper highlights the inventory of landfill, focusing on the feasibility study of solid waste disposal sites inventory in the Republic of Moldova and existing situation in waste management, including landfills analysis. The paper contains relevant information on landfills characteristics, their location and description of disposed waste. Technical assistance for the study was provided by the regional project Capacity building for improving the quality of greenhouse gas inventories (Eur...
Autori: Tatiana Tugui
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25135

Floodplain revegetation and river basin restoration
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbstractDuring the modern history the ability of plant roots to consolidate and strengthen the soil was exploited twice in France: once in1867 by Joseph Monier who created the reinforced concrete, and then in 1962 by Henry Vidal who created structured soils.The paper presents the some results obtained on the ecological protection of floodplain in major riverbeds. The aerodynamic modeling represents an efficient, economic and easy way to work with. The main condition of successful experiments is ...
Autori: Ana Virsta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25136

Application of polycations in separation processes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractFlocculation performance of three chitosan samples with different viscosities (?§ = 400, 800 and 1000 mPas) and two strong synthetic polycations of integral type (PDADMAC and PCA5) on two model aqueous suspensions (kaolin and bentonite) was investigated. The flocculation results indicated that all the polycation samples were efficient in the kaolin flocculation, the turbidity being completely removed at approximately the same polycation dose; the flocculation window ranged between 2.7 an...
Autori: Ecaterina Stela Dragan, Luminita Ghimici, Marcela Mihai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25201

Current practice of solid waste management in Malaysia and its disposal
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbstractMalaysia is a country that has recorded a phenomenal economic development success story. One of the most important problems is solid waste due to inadequate management practices. This resulted in an increase in the amount of waste generated. The national average in at 0.5-0.8 kg/person/day, but in the cities the figures have escalated to 1.7 kg/person/day. This paper addresses the current practice of solid waste management and its disposal in Malaysia. Currently, the waste management app...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran, Abdullah Mahmood,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25140

E-waste management
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbstractE-waste is a new term coined in the market of hazardous substances. It has taken a new bourgeoning route since the boom of Information Technology (IT). The problems regarding the transportation, handling and dispose have to be tackled at the earliest as it might cause detrimental effects on environment. Presently in India there is no distinct and lucid regulation(s) regarding e-waste management. There should one stop solution! In the present paper, some of the Technical and E-Management ...
Autori: Santosh M. Avvannavar, Surathkal Shrihari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25142

Layered double hydroxides as potential solid for obtaining more environmentally friendly pesticides
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbstractThe paper describes the synthesis and characterization of layered double hydroxides (LDH) intercalated with 4,6-dinitro-o-cresol(DNOC) and 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (2,6DBN) by anionic exchange method. The incorporation of the organic pesticides in the structure of layered double hydroxides can offer premises to increase the pesticide active life by reducing its volatilization, controlling the release of the pesticide from the layered structure and decreasing the pesticide adsorption in s...
Autori: Gabriela Lisa, Marcel Ionel Popa, Mihaela Frunza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25144

Wet hydrogen peroxide catalytic oxidation of parachlorophenol over clay based catalysts
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
This study presents an evaluation of the catalytic performances of Fe containing clay-based catalysts for the wet hydrogen peroxide catalytic oxidation (WHPCO) of 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) aqueous wastes. The catalysts were prepared by well-established techniques, their properties being determined by DRX, BET and chemical analysis techniques. All the tests were performed on a laboratory scale set-up. The ion-exchanged clays were the most active catalysts (100 % 4-CP and 84 % COD removal for Fe-Mt) b...
Autori: , Cezar Catrinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25157

Electrical properties of SnO2-Pt/Al2O3 in reduction atmosphere
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractCatalysts having mobile electrons in bulk such as metals and semiconductors are good solid materials for red/ox type of reaction (oxidation) and can be effectively used in gas sensing devices as well. The aims of this work were: (i) to investigate the surface behavior of Pt(0.28%)/Al2O3 and SnO2(2.94%)-Pt(0.28%)/Al2O3 samples in inert atmosphere (He) and in reducing atmosphere containing helium-cyclopropane gas mixture under ambient condition (i.e., room temperature, atmospheric pressure...
Autori: , Cornel Munteanu, Jozsef Kovacs, Mariana Scurtu, Monica Caldararu, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25146

Solid waste in romania: management, treatment and pollution prevention practices
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper analyzes some aspects of waste management in Romania and, in particular, in Iasi County, in view of the European perspective. Urban and rural waste management is considered and collection, transport, processing, recycling or disposal of waste materials is discussed relative to the National Waste Management Strategy and the National Plan for Waste Management, as well as European and national legislative framework.It was showed that land disposal will continue to be a disposal op...
Autori: Ana-Maria Schiopu, Ion Apostol, Maria Gavrilescu, Monica Hodoreanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25203

Quantification of lead pollution in bucharest area and potential risks for human health
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractLead is unique among the toxic air contaminants that the World Health Organization (WHO) has identified it in several ways. Lead concentration is increasing rapidly in the environment due to increased use in anthropic activity. Lead is released into the atmosphere from metallurgy and siderurgy industry, during coal burning, oil or wastes, from power plants which use solid fuel, from traffic and the building sites. Regardless the exposure mode, the presence of lead in urban air, even in r...
Autori: Alina Murariu, Aurelia Meghea, Aurelian Stanescu, Ioana Lacatusu, Mihaela Mihai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25205

Keynote Lectures Energy from municipal solid waste: large-scale incineration or small-scale pyrolysis?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
AbstractMunicipal solid waste (MSW) management is an important and challenging issue for sustainable development. It is also one of themost controversial problems and a subject of an ongoing debate between different interested parties. A particularly controversial issue is MSW incineration (with or without energy recovery) which has in many countries become a socially unacceptable option for dealing with solid waste. On the other hand, the increasing amounts of waste each year demand immediate a...
Autori: Adisa Azapagic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25147

Challenges for integrated water resources management in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
This study presents an overview of the current activities and results undertaken within the CEEX SIWMANET project dealing with an assessment of the actual challenges for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) implementation in Romania,seen especially in relation with the R&D system and the need to develop especially the cooperation, training and participatory processes that are required for actual implementation in which the universities may play an important role in terms of catalyst ...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25150

Simultaneous voltammetric detection of organics from wastewater on a copper oxide-copper electrode
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
The amperometric response in dynamic or fixed potential conditions, as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and chronoamperometry (CA) of a copper oxide-copper electrode was studied and proposed for the fast characterization of the simulated wastewaters containing acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and sulfur compounds, i.e., thioacetamide (TA) as organic pollutant models. The additivity of the individual amperometric signals in the overall response of the electrode for mixed solutions corresponded to over 95% recov...
Autori: Aniela Pop, Ciprian Radovan, Florica Manea, Georgeta Burtica, Ilie Vlaicu, Joop Schoonman, Marcel Morariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25158

Equilibrium isotherms studies for sorption of lead ions from aqueous solutions using Romanian peat sorbent
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
In this work, the ability of Romanian peat for sorption of Pb (II) ions from aqueous solution has been determined using the batch experimental techniques. The sorption equilibrium has been studied at different pH values. The equilibrium adsorption level was determined to be dependent of the pH of solution and initial Pb(II) concentration.The equilibrium adsorption capacity of Romanian peat sorbent for lead has been described by seven types of mathematical model isotherms, namely: Freundlich, Lan...
Autori: Brindusa Robu, Corneliu Cojocaru, Laura Bulgariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25160

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 1 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 1Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issue Risk assessment and management - tools for sustainable developmentMaria GavrilescuSustainable alternatives for petrochemical wastewater managementCarmen Teodosiu, Lidy E. Fratila-ApachiteiThe role and the place of oxidant reagents in wastewater treatmentIoan RoscaEnvironmental Psychology, a new direction in the psychological fieldCarmen Catalina IoanChanging concepts of high performance to socially sustainable organizationCostache Rusu, Nerida DavisU...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25166

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 1 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 1Nr. 2
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /01 PLENARY CONFERENCETen years of Environmental Engineering and Management education and research at the Technical University of IasiMatei Macoveanu, Carmen Teodosiu ICEEM/01  - Environmental Engineering SectionRemoval of nitrogen oxides from Diesel exhaust: Laboratory studies for development of an SCR-catalyst-system using solid urea as reducing agentWerner Weisweiler High temperature desulphurization of hydrogen sulphide containing ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25167

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 1 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 1Nr. 3
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM/01 -- Environmental Engineering SectionThermodynamic and kinetic study of gas desulphurization by adsorption on zeolites  Ion Untea, Dan Brasoveanu, Madeleine Dancila, Szidonia Bocskor Mixed oxides derived from vanadium substituted layered double hydroxides as catalysts precursors for SO2 oxidationGabriela Carja, Ionel Popa, Gabriela Ciobanu, Nicolae Aelenei The impact of energy production on environment in RomaniaCarmen Zaharia, Mioara Sur...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25168

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 1 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 1Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issue:ICEEM/01 -- Environmental Management Section Corporate environmental competence: A concept for characterising and assessing the environmental practice in companies and product chainsMichael S?žgaard J?žrgensen, Marianne Forman Life cycle assessment of some alternatives for the supply of thermal energy in the municipality of Iasi (Romania).Nicolae Peiu Management options for the industrial and municipal wastes in the city of Iasi Carmen Teod...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25169

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 2 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 2Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issueEnvironmental analysis by capillary electrophoresis. Atmospheric samplesCamelia Draghici, Gheorghe Coman, Mihaela Sica,Dana Perniu, Mihaela Badea   The ecological farms - A solution for sustainable agriculture. II. Position and perspectives of the ecofarms in the frame of the productive agricultural system Stela Axinte, Alina Stanciu, Lorica Axinte  The extraction and clean up of organochlorine pesticides and PCB's from water using solid phase ex...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25170

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 2 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 2Nr. 3
Plants as biomarkers, biosensors and biomonitorsModelling of wastewater treatment of a pulp and paper mill for monitoringCatalysts for heterogeneous photocatalysts. Part I. Possibilities to improve photoefficiency through catalysts modificationThe global assessment method of the water qualityAspects regarding the wood certification in RomaniaDecolorizing of pulping effluents by ammonium lignosulphonate oxidationPowder coatings-based organic filmsOn environmental effects of the pulp and paper mil...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25172

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issueConsiderations concerning ecological footprint of RomaniaNicolae Peiu, Matei MacoveanuEffects of some industrial wastes on different plant species in hydroponics experimentsRuxandra Bodarlau, Carmen-Alice Teaca, Valentin I.Popa The pollution index, a new technical tool in water quality assessmentMihai Nicu, Marcel Perjoiu Solid waste management in pulp productionDan Gavrilescu Curricular development perspectives: education for sustainabledevelopmentCarmen ...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25174

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 2
Contain all the articles from this issueCatalysis for heterogeneous photocatalysis. Part II. Methods for synthesisAnca Florentina Caliman, Ion BalasanianpH influence on sonochemical degradation of cyanides with H2O2 and O2Ioan Iordache, Mircea Teodor Nechita, Nicolae Aelenei, Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan Rosca Studies of various wastewater nitrification bioreactor types based on modelling and simulationDiana Lupasteanu, Florina Ungureanu, Maria Gavrilescu Wastewater from winemaking industry: monit...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25175

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /02 PLENARY SESSION:"Environmental Engineering and Management in the Context of Sustainable Development"Design for sustainability (D4S): towards advanced product conceptsHan Brezet, Sacha SilvesterICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SECTION"Water and Wastewater Treatment Technologies"Complex approach to the problem of persistent organic pollutants degradation in water environmentVictor Covaliov, Olga Covaliova, Angela Cincilei, Gilles Mailhot, Pasca...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25176

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr.1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 1
Contain all the articles from this issueBiosorption of Cu2+ ions from aqueous solution by Enteromorpha sp.Loredana Brinza, Matthew Dring, Maria Gavrilescu  Environmental impact assessment for steel processingBrindusa Robu, Carmen Zaharia, Matei MacoveanuEnhanced primary treatment of municipal wastewater by ion exchange and membrane processesDaniela Teleman, Peter A. Wilderer, Carmen Teodosiu, Thilo K?¶tzle Best practices in kraft pulping - benefits and costs Dan GavrilescuAspects of waste m...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25177

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 3 (I)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 3
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM /02 PLENARY SESSION:"Environmental Engineering and Management in the Context of Sustainable Development"Green technology foresight of high technology: Hype of potentials - The challenges from nanotechnology, Biotechnology and ICTMichael S?žgaard J?žrgensenIntrinsic properties of noble metals in catalytic selective reduction of NO by propene in lean burn conditionsAnne Giroir-Fendler, Helleh Saadallah, Adela HaletaICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25178

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 2
Contain all the articles from this issueCatalysis for heterogeneous photocatalysis. Part II. Methods for synthesisAnca Florentina Caliman, Ion BalasanianpH influence on sonochemical degradation of cyanides with H2O2 and O2Ioan Iordache, Mircea Teodor Nechita, Nicolae Aelenei,Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan RoscaStudies of various wastewater nitrification bioreactor types based on modelling and simulationDiana Lupasteanu, Florina Ungureanu, Maria Gavrilescu Wastewater from winemaking industry: monitor...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25179

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr.3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 3
Contain all the articles from this issueLignin in crop cultivations and bioremediationAlfred Abaecherli, Valentin I. PopaMaterials for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells and for proton exchange membrane fuel cellsAnnemarie Huijser, Joop SchoonmanAre interfacial biocatalysts important tools for nonpolluting technologies? 2. Immobilization of lipases and their  representative applications Brindusa Dragoi, Emil DumitriuUASB treatment of fruit canning wastewater: pilot-scale invest...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25180

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 4 Nr.4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 4Nr. 4
Contain all the articles from this issueNitrous oxide decomposition over Fe-ZSM-5 catalysts prepared by different methodsMircea Teodor Nechita, Ioan Rosca, Daniel Sutiman, Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan Iordache Geometrical correlation method for global estimation of the ecosystem stateCamelia Popa, Cornel Cojocaru, Matei MacoveanuImmobilized lipases as biocatalysts for organic synthesis 1. Transesterification of ethyl acetate with alcohols in the presence of free Candida antarctica lipase BBrindusa...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25181

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 3 Nr. 3 (II)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 3Nr. 3
Contain all the articles from this issueICEEM/02 - ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING SECTION"Treatment Technologies for Gaseous Fluxes"Surface chemistry studies on molybdena–alumina catalystTatiana Yuzhakova, ?kos R?©dey, Endre Domokos, J??zsef Kov??cs, Monica Caldararu, Cristian Hornoiu, Mariana Carata, G.Postole, Cornel Munteanu, Larisa Strukova, Jozse FazakasHebicidal behaviour of a new N,N'- biquaternary salt of 4,4'- bipyridineServilia Oancea, Marinela Irimia, Gabriela Carja, Anton Airinei, Nicu...
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ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25189

Sensor networks in waste water treatment monitoring
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
AbstractThis paper presents the architectures of wireless sensor networks integrated in a complex monitoring system for a waste water treatment plant. Presently is a very expressive trend to use wireless technology for smart sensor network communication. The measurement system avoids manual data storage and an Internet server assures remote access from a station with a Web browser. ...
Autori: Florina Ungureanu, Marcelin Iulian Balasca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25190

Modelling and simulation of heavy metals transport in water and sediments
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
AbstractHeavy metals can be transported by rivers which flow through areas with industrial pollution, both as metal in solution and metal adsorbed to suspended solids. They can settle in lakes and accumulate in the sediment, exhibiting significant effects on wildlife and humans if they enter into the food chain.In this work, heavy metals transport and sedimentation is simulated based on an analytical model proposed in literature, considering the material balance and complementary equations, unde...
Autori: Camelia Beţianu, Florina Ungureanu, Loredana Branza, Lucian Vasile Pavel, Maria Gavrilescu, Simona Pintilie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25197

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
Include urmatoarele articole:� Removal of persistent organic pollutants from textile wastewater by membrane processes� Sustainability evaluation of an urban residential settlement� Removal of zinc (II) from aqueous solutions by romanian sphagnum peat moss� Development trends of cold plasma reactors in the global context of carbon emission reduction� Assessing the potential of wind power in Romania within Kyoto targets� Research on the impact induced in the environment by milk process...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25198

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
Include urmatoarele articole:� Keynote Lectures Energy from municipal solid waste: large-scale incineration or small-scale pyrolysis?� Electrical properties of SnO2-Pt/Al2O3 in reduction atmosphere� Corporate management tools to address sustainability Challenges. A reflection on the progress and difficulties experienced during the last decade� Emerging academic responsibilities and opportunities for promoting regional sustainability� Challenges for integrated water resources management...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25200

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
? Kinetics considerations concerning the oxidative degradation by photo-fenton process of some antibiotics ? Catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation of 4-chlorophenol over iron-exchanged clays ? Researches on the negative effects assessment (slugging, clogging, ash deposits) developed at the biomass-coal co-firing ? Contribution to the study of the environmental heritage of a former chemical plant ? Impact of chemicals on derivatives with important therapeutic activity in C...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25376

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 6 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
Iinclude urmatoarele articole:â€? Phenol degradation in water through a heterogeneous photo-fenton processâ€? Study concerning the influence of oxidizing agents on heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of persistent organic pollutantsâ€? Nonmarket valuation of acequias: Stakeholder analysisâ€? Metals concentration in soils adjacent to waste depositsâ€? Polyelectrolyte - surfactant complexesâ€? Modelling of sorption equilibrium of Cr(vi) on isomorphic substituted Mg/Zn-Al - type hydrotalcitesâ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25206

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
Include urmatoarele articole:� "Waste not, want not" a study of household attitude toward recycling of solid wastes� A kinetic model for the crystal violet mineralization in water by the electro- fenton process� Development of a coagulation/flocculation predictive model for turbidity removal from tehran water treatment plants� Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat: Equilibrium study� Environmental sustainability based on fuzzy models� Impact of dust emi...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25207

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole:� Synthesis of Ferrierite/ZSM-35 type zeolite with ethylenediamine as template� Recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid from wastewaters by reactive extraction 1. Extraction mechanism and influencing factors� Relationships between metals extent and cytological characteristics at Prunus persica L. pollen� Smoke Emissions From Diesel Vehicles: A Case Study� Carbon dioxide generation - implications for romanian pulp and paper industry � Enhanced decolorization of ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25208

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
Include urmatoarele articole:� Cost sensitivity analysis by Monte Carlo simulation� Mathematical modeling of gas drying by adsorption� Methyl isobutyl ketone combustion over Pt/Al2O3 catalyst� Distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors with simulated broths� Unsteady heat transfer inside an elliptic cylinder� Triphasic external-loop airlift reactors. Hydrodynamic and dispersion studies� Sustainable combined utilization of renewable forest resources and coal in Roma...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25209

Metals concentration in soils adjacent to waste deposits
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe paper presents original results concerning concentrations of eight heavy metals in soils adjacent to two improperly built municipal waste deposits located in Eforie Sud and Techirghiol, Constanta County, Romania. Measurements have been done on surface and depth soils, during April-October 2006. The applied analytical technique for metal determination was flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). The mean measured values ranged as follows (in mg/kg dry weight): Cd: 0.09 - 0.15; Co:...
Autori: , Elisabeta Chirilă, Narcisa Elena Ilie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25213

Microwave-assisted chemistry. A review of environmental applications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe extraction of some pollutants from different matrices, the treatment of hazardous and infectious wastes, the destruction of refractory compounds and the prevention of noxious emissions are the main environmental applications of microwave-assisted chemistry. The advantages and disadvantages of this technique are also considered....
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Georgiana G. Surpăţeanu, Mioara Surpăţeanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25217

Waste not, want not" a study of household attitude toward recycling of solid wastes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractSolid waste management in Malaysia has become an increasingly important task of local government authorities over the recent years as a result of urban population growth, industrialization and an increase in quantity and variation in the types of waste generated. For this reason the government of Malaysia through the Ministry of Housing and Local Government has taken various measures to promote recycling amongst its population. However, a recycling program is only successful if household...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran, Adam D. Read
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25228

Development of a coagulation/flocculation predictive model for turbidity removal from tehran water treatment plants
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractAluminum and ferric salts are widely used as coagulants in water and wastewater treatment. They are effective in removing a broad range of impurities from water, including colloidal particles and dissolved organic substances. As well as traditional additives, such as aluminum sulphate ("alum") and ferric chloride, other products containing prehydrolized metal ions such as polyaluminum chlorides are now commonly used. The aim of this study was to develop a model for coagulation/flocculati...
Autori: Avid Banihashemi, Manouchehr Nikazar, , Reza Maknoon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25230

Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat: Equilibrium study
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractCadmium is listed by US-EPA as one of priority pollutant and as a known carcinogen, and therefore its removal from wastewaters of various industrial processes is a very important environmental problem. The paper analyzes the effectiveness of a Romanian sphagnum moss peat as available and cheaper sorbent in removal of Cd (II) from aqueous solutions. Batch sorption experiments were carried out in order to establish the influence of solution pH, peat dose, contact time and initial cadmium c...
Autori: Catalin Balan, , Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25231

Ecological management for textile wastes processing
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractThe zero waste is a policy, a way, an aim and represents a new approach planned for the 21st century, which includes the resource preservation principles, pollution reducing, increasing of the opportunities to create new jobs and providing the highest degree of economic stability.The strategy of developing the Romanian textile industry sub-sectors envisages the achieving of certain superior production indices, from a physical and value point of view, in 2010, a quantitative increase of t...
Autori: Eftalea Carpus, Emilia Visileanu, Razvan Scarlat
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25236

Assessment of water pollution potential by acide drainage
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractAn assessment of acide drainage forming potential for a mining waste material resulted in a former mine of nonferrous and precious metals ore has been made. The waste material has the following contents: 2,20?·2,28% sulphide sulphur, 2,53?·2,58% Fe, 0,07% Cu, 0,05% Zn, 0,36?·0,40% Pb, 0,008?·0,013% Ca and 3,85?·7,97% sulphate. Bacterial leaching tests in percolating columns during 380 days have been made. The leaching liquor has been recirculated at a liquid:solid ratio of 1L:1kg. After ...
Autori: Vasile Oros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25239

Surfactant - modified natural zeolites for environmental applications in water purification
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents an overview of research related to use of surfactant modified natural zeolites (SMZ) in water and wastewater treatment. The most common natural zeolite, widely used as starting material is clinoptilolite, but other natural zeolites have also been used (chabasite, heulandite, mordenite). In the first part, the preparation methods and the influence of process parameters on the final product properties is reviewed. The discussion is focused on the influence of surfactant...
Autori: , Cezar Catrinescu, Roxana Elena Apreutesei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25241

Enhanced decolorization of reactive blue 19 dye from synthetic textile wastewater through uv photolysis in alkaline conditions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractLaboratory scale experiments were conducted in order to investigate the photolysis of Reactive Blue 19 (RB 19) dye using UV as the irradiation source in alkaline solution. The effects of operating parameters such as, pH, initial dye concentration, UV dosage, hydrogen peroxide and oxygen have been evaluated. The results indicate that the UV photolysis process in alkaline solution is ideal for decolorizing of RB 19 and it can be taken as a starting step to establish the economical feasibil...
Autori: Abbas Rezaee, Ebrahim Hajizadeh, Gholamreza Mosavi, Mohamadtaghi Ghaneian, Seyyed Jamalodin Hashemian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25245

Recovery of p-hydroxybenzoic acid from wastewaters by reactive extraction 1. Extraction mechanism and influencing factors
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThe comparative study on reactive extraction of p-hydroxybenzoic acid with Amberlite LA-2 and D2EHPA in two solvents with different polarity (n-heptane and dichloromethane) indicated that the extractant type and solvent polarity control the extraction mechanism. Thus, the reactive extraction with Amberlite LA-2 occurs by means of the interfacial formation of an aminic adduct with three extractant molecules in low-polar solvent, or of an salt with one extractant molecule in higher polar s...
Autori: Anca-Irina Galaction, Dan Caşcaval, Maria Cămăruţ
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25250

Synthesis of Ferrierite/ZSM-35 type zeolite with ethylenediamine as template
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThe crystallization of ferrierite/ZSM-35 zeolite at 180 ± 50C in the presence of ethylenediamine as a structure-directing agent from reaction mixtures containing various active NaOH/SiO2 ratios has been studied. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, TG/DTG/DSC analysis, nitrogen sorption measurements and temperature-programmed ammonia desorption were used to characterize the ferrierite/ZSM-35 solids. The XRD data reveal that the samples synthesized in optimized conditions are...
Autori: Ioana Droahna, Iuliean Asaftei, Nicolae Bilba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25251

Polyacrylonitrile ultrafiltration membranes for recycling of refinery and petrochemical effluents
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractHollow fiber polyacrylonitrile membranes with three different MWCOs (i.e. 6, 13, 50 kDa) have been tested for dead-end ultrafiltration of a combined refinery and petrochemical secondary effluent. The effluent treatment envisaged further recycling as cooling water make-up following an ultrafiltration/reverse osmosis advanced treatment scheme. Criteria for ultrafiltration evaluation included flux restoration by backwashing, turbidity removal efficiency and water recovery. The membranes cou...
Autori: , Lidy E. Fratila-Apachitei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25258

Utilization of coal fly ash from power plants I. Ash characterization
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractA comprehensive characterization of fly ash from Iasi, Romania has been carried out in order to set up the utilization potential of fly ash resulting in appreciable amounts from thermal power plants as a waste, which leads to soil and groundwater contamination, as well as atmospheric pollution. This fly ash can be classified on the base chemical and technological properties in F class. Having in mind the assignment of the processing conditions, the fly ash can be used as sorbent for poll...
Autori: , Maria Harja, Marinela Bărbuţă, Nicolae Apostolescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25259

Effects of coagulants on the DCS accumulation in process water of papermaking
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractAdvanced closing of paper machine circuits results in the accumulation of the dissolved and colloidal substances (DCS) in the process water. At a critical concentration, the DCS are destabilizing even by small variations in paper machine parameters, producing operational and product quality problems. This article presents results of lab experiments simulating the process water recycling in short circuit of paper machine, without and with addition of fixing agents. Tests were performing w...
Autori: Dan Belosinschi, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25261

Synthesis of highly ordered titanium-containing SBA-15 mesoporous silicas for catalytic eco-friendly oxidations
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractMesoporous Ti-SBA-15 materials have been synthesized up to a Si/Ti ratio of 20 using a two-step pH adjusting method. Low angle X-ray diffraction and diffuse reflectance UV-Vis spectroscopy revealed that the optimal pH value to synthesize highly ordered mesoporous solids having Ti atoms primarily in tetrahedral coordination environments is around 7.5. The nitrogen physisorption and TEM indicated also ordered mesostructures having relatively large surface areas and uniform mesopore size di...
Autori: Adrian Ungureanu, Alexandru Chirieac, Brindusa Dragoi, Cezar Catrinescu, Emil Dumitriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25263

Study on new complex compounds of Ti(IV) and Zr(IV) in aqueous solutions: synthesis, stability and application in cleaner technologies of natural leather
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractIn this paper, the study of synthesis and stability in aqueous solutions of new coordination compounds of Ti(IV) and Zr(IV) with ligand N-hydroxy-succinimide is presented. The salts: TiOSO4·2H2O and ZrOCl2·8H2O used for obtaining the studied coordination complexes, can derive from recycling metallic residues resulted in mechanical technologies applied for titanium and zirconium in S.C. ZIROM S.A. Giurgiu.The new complexes were synthesized in aqueous solutions and stability were study u...
Autori: Adrian Cailean, Daniel Sutiman, Doina Sibiescu, Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan Roşca, Marian Crudu, Mihaela Vizitiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25265

Textural properties of chabazite crystalized from Cs+, Na+ - aluminosilicate gels
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractZeolites Cs+, Na+-chabazite with SiO2 /Al2O3 ratio of 7 were prepared from gels with molar composition (2.41-2.73)(Cs+ + Na+)2O : (0.02 TPAOH) : Al2O3 : 7.21 SiO2 : (194-204) H2O in static hydrothermal conditions at 108 – 132 0C for 8-21 days. The solids were characterized by X - ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, thermal analysis and nitrogen sorption measurements. The nitrogen sorption isotherms at -1960C present a hysteresis loop which is indicative for the existence of ...
Autori: Ionela Droahna, Iuliean Asaftei, Nicolae Bilba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25266

Sustainable combined utilization of renewable forest resources and coal in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractAs answer to European Community politics, in Romania the researches for waste reworking and ecological treatment are developing. The researches are focusing on wood wastes for its recovery in energy purposes. The purpose is the enlargement of superior coal utilization area obtained from Jiu Valley coal field, for increasing the efficiency of heating installations for domestic consumption, concordantly to European and Romanian pollutions regulations.Combined utilization of the fuel compos...
Autori: Camelia Bădulescu, Eugen Traistă, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Maria Orban, Valeriu Plesea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25267

Triphasic external-loop airlift reactors. Hydrodynamic and dispersion studies
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractConsidering that three-phase dispersions are common in chemical engineering and biotechnology, and with increasing airlift reactor applications to chemical and biotechnological processes, a experimental study was undertaken in order to investigate the liquid phase hydrodynamics and dispersion in an external-loop airlift reactor on laboratory scale. Experiments were conducted in order to find a relationship between relevant hydrodynamic and mixing parameters of a solidsuspended exter...
Autori: Florina Ungureanu, Maria Gavrilescu, Radu Z. Tudose
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25268

Mathematical modeling of gas drying by adsorption
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractTheoretical and experimental studies of gas drying processes by adsorption in fixed bed of grains are presented in this paper. Based on an extensive literature study, some of the most representative mathematical models describing gas adsorption in fixed bed and consequently gas drying processes by adsorption in fixed bed are also presented. Using a mathematical model from those mentioned describing adsorption under isotherm regime, the temperature and gas flow velocity effects over the d...
Autori: Marius Sebastian Secula, Stelian Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25272

Municipal solid waste management in developing countries: A perspective on Vietnam
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractEnvironmental pollution has posed and continues to cause specific to and complicated problems. The unsustainable production and consumption patterns result in waste that can harm health and the environment. Because of rapid population growth and urbanization, industrialization process and rural to urban migration, solid waste management is becoming more and more critical now, being a problem in rapidly growing urban centers in developing countries. All these threaten the health and well-...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25275

Study of the separation process of tartaric acid by ion-exchange with solid anionites Amberlite IRA-67 AND Amberlite IRA-410
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThe present work describes an investigation of process of ion-exchange separation of tartaric acid in model systems. These investigations will be used for the separation of tartaric acid from secondary wine products. Their valorisation allows obtaining valuable compounds, as well as decreasing the huge quantities of wastes accumulated at wine making factories.As ionic exchangers, there have been used weakly basic anion exchanger Amberlite IRA-67 (tertiary functional amine groups) and str...
Autori: Aliona Mereuţa, Gheorghe Duca, Herbert G. Boechzelt, Natalia Marchitan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25286

Recovery of some inorganic compounds from the sludges resulted after the leaching of uranyl ions from uranium ores
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractIn this work it had been tested the recovery of some compounds like: Fe2O3, TiO2, PO4 3- ions, Al2O3 from the sludges, which result in the industrial facilities for output of pure uranium dioxide. Solubilization of the chemical compounds from the uraniumwastes was performed in strong acidic media, using adequate methods....
Autori: Alexandru Cecal, Doina Humelnicu, Romeo Iulian Olariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25288

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
? Denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm? Denitrifying potential of an activated sludge derived consortium? Biosorption of hexavalent chromium based on modified Y zeolites obtained by alkali-treatment? Identifying anaerobic digestion models using simultaneous batch experiments? Olive mill wastewater as a renewable resource? Influence of innoculum acclimation in the biodegradation rate and estimated biodegradbility of cow manure, food waste and oil? Studies on the ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25378

Advanced Cd2+ removal on dispersed TioO2-fly ash
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThe paper proposes a suitable solution for a one step treatment process of the wastewaters resulted from the textile industry, using a mixture of anatase and modified fly ash. The dyes photo-degradation on TiO2 anatase is well known. The use of fly ash in advanced wastewater treatment, for heavy metal adsorption, represents an environmental friendly process, efficient if the fly ash surface charge is controlled by solubilisation/reprecipitation. The first step in implementing the single ...
Autori: Anca Duta, Maria Visa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25292

Biological phosphorus removal in a high performance single reactor
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThe possibility of biological phosphorus removal (BPR) was studied using a lab-scale single reactor the same as SHARON process. Up to now, there has been no investigation of the feasibility of SHARON process for the purpose of phosphate removal. The optimal operation conditions were established to obtain highest removal rates. Under the experimental conditions, the phosphorus concentration dropped from an influent concentration of 1000 mg/L to levels around 0.1 mg/L or less. It was concl...
Autori: Abbas Rezaee, Hatam Godini, Masod Solimani, Nayera Nami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25293

Removal of nickel from aqueous solution by Nordmann FIR (ABIES Nordmanniana (STEV.) SPACH SUBSP. Nordmanniana) cones
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractBiosorption an alternative process is the uptake of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by biological materials. The biosorption of nickel ions from aqueous solution was investigated by Nordmann fir (Abies nordmanniana (Stev.) Spach. subsp. nordmanniana) in a batch adsorption system as a function of pH, initial metal concentration, biomass dosage, contact time. The data showed that the maximum pH for efficient sorption of Ni(II) was 6.5. At the optimal conditions, Ni(II) ion biosorption ...
Autori: Handan Ucun, Ozkan Aksakal, Yusuf Kaya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25295

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
Include urmatoarele articole:� Removal of nickel from aqueous solution by Nordmann FIR (ABIES Nordmanniana (STEV.) SPACH SUBSP. Nordmanniana) cones� Determination of heavy metals in extracts and macerates from garden flowers� Biological phosphorus removal in a high performance single reactor � Advanced Cd2+ removal on dispersed TioO2-fly ash � Remediation techniques for contaminated soils� Separation of uranium(vi) from soils by extraction in aqueous PEG (1550) - Na2SO4 - Na2CO3 two-...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25296

Opportunities and barriers for development of biogas technologies in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe development of technologies for waste treatment, simultaneously with minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, has become a matter of great concern at global level. Biogas systems can help in the fight against global warming by avoiding to escape methane from organic waste, into the atmosphere. Biogas technology is of great benefit to the end-users and the environment by energy, compost and nutrient recovery. Romania is a country with a huge biomass potential. Implementing of biogas techn...
Autori: , Corina Alice Babutanu, Gheorghe Băran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25300

Energy from biomass in pulp and paper mills
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractPulp and paper mills generate various quantities of energy-rich biomass as wastes, depending on technological level, pulp and paper grades and wood quality. These wastes are produced in all stages of the process: wood preparation, pulp and paper manufacture, chemical recovery, recycled paper processing, waste water treatment. Energy recovery from wastes of different origin has become a generally accepted alternative to their disposal. Pulp and paper industry expresses an interest in adap...
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25307

Effect of methanogenic inhibitors, inocula type, and temperature on biohydrogen production from food components
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractDark fermentation hydrogen production from a mixture of food components using two different methods of methanogenic inhibition (autoclaving and BES) and three different temperatures (37, 60, and 70 Â?C) was examined in batch assays for two different mixed anaerobic cultures - one suspended sludge (S) obtained from an anaerobic digester and one granular sludge (G) obtained from a brewery wastewater treatment plant. In general, BES-inhibition of sludge was more robust when compared against...
Autori: Angela A. Abreu, Anthony S. Danko, Francisco Pinheiro, Maria Madalena Alves
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25308

Wastewater characteristics in textile finishing mills
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe aim of this paper was to accurately analyze the sources of water pollution and loading concentrations in textile finishing mills. A process data collection was performed and integrated with a characterization of the process effluents in terms of treatability and reusability. In order to evaluate properly the wastewater loading, an analysis course was set. The samples have been gathered for two months; instantaneous samples (PI) were drawn from the wastewater, as well as from the pain...
Autori: Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25314

Quality analysis of the soils in the Cordun metallurgical platform area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe present article deals with the study of the quality of the soils in the Cordun area – the waste dump. This refers to the characteristics of the analyzed location site (geomorphological, geological considerations, the pedological and agrochemical characterization of the soils in the area outside the plant), but also to the establishment of the pollution rate in the location site (experimenata data, results and debates). The conclusion of the present article is that the analyzed area...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25315

Migration and fate of persistent organic pollutants in the atmosphere - A modelling approach
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractConsidering that the fate and behaviour of contaminants within the environment is an extremely complex issue, this paper analyzes the development of predictive models which can contribute to the understanding of the release of a contaminant.  Different types of models concerning the atmospheric transport of POPs are examined, taking into consideration that these models can be used to simulate the behaviour of contaminants. A successful simulation, in which there is satisfactory agre...
Autori: Camelia Smaranda, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25327

Groundwater contamination from waste storage works
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractGroundwater is an important source of drinking water, especially for rural population. In the last years, bacteria, nitrate, organic chemicals and other pollutants existing in groundwater have increased public concern about the quality of groundwater. Groundwater provides about 22% of all freshwater withdrawals; 37% of agricultural use (mostly for irrigation); 37% of the public water supply withdrawals; 51% of all drinking water for the total population and 99% of drinking water for the ...
Autori: Ancuţa Rotaru, Paulica Raileanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25329

Management of waste in rural areas of Gorj county, Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractOn the top of the ecological priority list in Romania, waste management is on the third place following the problems regarding the surface and underground water pollution, as well as that of the atmosphere. The clean-up of the landscape represents an issue largely discussed in Romania. The paper presents the advantages of waste management for the landscape, which includes: waste gathering and transfer, waste selection, waste biological treatment and the storage.Some analyses of the const...
Autori: Camelia Capatana, Claudia Maria Simonescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25331

Investigations on the possibility of natural hemp fibers use for Zn(II) ions removal from wastewaters
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractNatural hemp fibers have been evaluated for Zn (II) ions sorption from diluted aqueous solutions. In order to establish the optimum conditions, the effect of initial pH of solution, hemp dose, Zn (II) concentration, temperature and contact time of phases on the Zn (II) sorption by natural hemp has been studied. To model the Zn (II) sorption at three different temperatures the Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms have been used. The Langmuir maximum sorption capacities were determined as bei...
Autori: Carmen Paduraru, Lavinia Tofan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25336

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
- Artificial intelligence applications in the atmospheric environment: status and future trends- Kernel methods and neural networks for water resources management- Environmental decision support systems based on models and model-based reasoning- Towards an intelligent tutoring system for environmental decision makers- SBC-MEDIU: A multi-expert system for environmental diagnosis- Fast and accurate residential fire detection using wireless sensor networks- Validation of a knowledge-based risk mode...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25377

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 7 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
Include urmatoarele articole:� Composite membranes with cross-linked matrimid selective layer for gas separation� Determination of organic compounds from different types of coffee by Hplc and Gc-Ecd analysis� An integrated assessment of the suitability of domestic solar still as a viable safe water technology for India� Investigations on the possibility of natural hemp fibers use for Zn(II) ions removal from wastewaters� Removal of acid red 398 dye from aqueous solutions by coagulation...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25340

Impact of human activities on the soil in Vaslui county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractThe soil is a fundamental component of both urban and rural environment, the main reason behind the fact that the protection of soil and subsoil is a matter of national importance. By its position and characteristics, the soil is, in fact, the convergence area of all the pollutants, of which the most are airborne. The present paper, which presents the sources of heavy metals as well the impact of those on the soil from Vaslui county, is part of a series of papers published as preparation...
Autori: Mihaela Budianu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25343

Removal of some environmentally relevant heavy metals using low-cost natural sorbents
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Abstract        The sorption of metal ions from aqueous solution plays an important role in water pollution control and in recent years there has been considerable interest in the use of low-cost adsorbents. Many researchers have tried to exploit naturally occurring materials as low-cost adsorbents, for removing of heavy metals. In this article the removal performance of various low-cost adsorbents derived from agricultural waste or natural material is evaluate...
Autori: Raluca Maria Hlihor, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25379

Titanium dioxide extraction from paint sludge of automotive industry Case study: Paint sludge of Saipa paint shop
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractPaint sludge of automotive industry contains heavy metals and other toxic substances. Due to this matter, it has a high pollution potential. Incorrect disposal of paint sludge led to kinds of environmental pollution. Recycling and reusing of wastes can be one of the best solutions for decreasing of pollutant entrance to environment. The purpose of this study was to present a new method of extracting the main components of paint sludge, for determining concentration of elements in paint s...
Autori: Azadeh Akhavan Bloorchian, Seyed Mostafa Khezri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25346

Solid waste management practices in Penang state: A review of current practices and the way forward
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractSolid waste management problems proved to be complex in origin and in solution. The rapid economic development and population growth experienced by the State of Penang, Malaysia have resulted in a tremendous increase in the quantities and types of solid wastes generated. Domestic solid waste is the most visible consequence of this economic development. However, considerable amounts of this waste could be recycled and reutilized if separated. This paper reviews the current status of solid...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran, Abdelsalam O. El-Amrouni, Abdul Hamid Pakir, , Latifa K. Suliman, Mahyuddin Ramli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25353

Monitoring of PAHs in refinery effluents
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractA study was fulfilled concerning the source and the distribution of PAHs in the effluent proceeding from an oil refinery. The monitoring of the PAHs concentration in the refinery’s effluent also was performed during a year long. The practical goal of the work was to observe the complying with the limits imposed by the current legislation and to identify the potential risks of exceeding these limits in the future. For this study, gas chromatographic and HPLC methods were used. The metho...
Autori: Anca Iuliana Birladeanu, Claudia Irina Koncsag, Mariana Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25357

An experimental three-stage hybrid constructed wetland system for removal of organics and nutrients from domestic wastewater
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractAn experimental three-stage subsurface flow constructed wetland system was investigated for the removal of nutrient and organic matter from primary-treated domestic wastewater. Built in the Turkey Scientific and Technical Research Council-Marmara Research Center, Gebze, Turkey (Istanbul), the system consisted of a vertical flow-gravel filtration in the first stage, a horizontalsubsurface flow bed vegetated with Iris in the second stage, and a vertical-subsurface flow bed vegetated Phragm...
Autori: Bilal Tuncsiper
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25358

Hydrodynamic modelling of pollution with LNAPL generated by waste dump from metal working industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractIn the present article, some models conceptually and mathematically applicable to the LNAPL transitory transport process through ground water were discussed. Subsequently, by using a personal computer program of pre-processing basis data combined with MOVER 2.0, the levigation process of oily dross/scale stored in the waste dump, which produces steel rolled tubes, was numerically simulated, in adequate scenarios. The results of the simulations will be useful at the evaluation of the impa...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25361

CsHSO4/mesoporous silica composites - new electrolytes for solid acid fuel cells
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractHigh proton conductivity of CsHSO4 opened new opportunities for applications as electrolyte in solid acid fuel cells (SAFC). Relatively recent, it was proved that the accommodation of this solid electrolyte by silica supports improves its proton conductivity. During this work, solid acid CsHSO4 and its composites with mesoporous silica of SBA-15 and MCF-types as host materials were synthesized and studied for the first time. Studies were mainly focused on the influence of mesoporous supp...
Autori: Adrian Ungureanu, Brindusa Dragoi, Emil Dumitriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25366

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
Include urmatoarele articole:� CsHSO4/mesoporous silica composites - new electrolytes for solid acid fuel cells� Trend in exhaust emissions from in-use gasoline vehicles� Analysis of distribution of oxygen transfer rate in stirred bioreactors for bacterial broths� Electrochemical characteristics of Ti6Al7Nb alloy in Ringer's solution� Pulsed high voltage discharge technology as a new method for killing Hepatitis C virus (HCV) cells� Hydrodynamic modelling of pollution with LNAPL gene...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25367

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Include urmatoarele articole:� Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 2� Bioengineering aspects of tissues culture bioreactors for medicine and environmental applications� Removal of bis (1-chloro-2-propyl) ether from wastewater using sonodegradation and biodegradation� A novel plasma reactor for toluene decomposition in contaminated air flow� Study of the copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions by chelating resin Purolite S930 � Analysis of some metal levels...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25371

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
â€? Bioremediation of contaminated air using a bioscrubberâ€? Quality risk evaluation of the groundwater resources on the moldavian areaâ€? Electrochemical characterization of some dental materials in accelerated environmental testingâ€? Preliminary study of simple and Fenton oxidation with hydrogen peroxide applied on final effluents from a zootechnical farmâ€? The environmental impact assessment caused by the dykes failureâ€? Revaluation of beer industry byproducts – medical implicationsâ€? ...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25372

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
â€? Photocatalytic properties of titania - fly ash thin filmsâ€? Study of the viscosity of some biodiesel – diesel oil blendsâ€? Aspects refering to technical and leaching properties of the secondary aluminium slags - cement compositesâ€? Studies regarding phenol and 4-chlorophenol sorption by surfactant modified zeolitesâ€? Cu-Ni nanostructured electrocatalysts obtained by electrocodepositionâ€? Molecularly imprinted poly (vinyl alcohol) films for the selective absorption of glycyrrhizinic ac...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25373

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
â€? Photocatalytic properties of titania - fly ash thin filmsâ€? Study of the viscosity of some biodiesel – diesel oil blendsâ€? Aspects refering to technical and leaching properties of the secondary aluminium slags - cement compositesâ€? Studies regarding phenol and 4-chlorophenol sorption by surfactant modified zeolitesâ€? Cu-Ni nanostructured electrocatalysts obtained by electrocodepositionâ€? Molecularly imprinted poly (vinyl alcohol) films for the selective absorption of glycyrrhizinic ac...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25374

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
� Physiological changes in seedling germination and growth plant under chemical stress conditions� Studies on sorption and transport processes of cadmium in soils� Assessment of the anthropogenic impact on water systems by fluorescence spectroscopy� Research on the effects of soil improvement by fertilization on the quality of winter wheat� Halotherapy: From ethnoscience to scientific explanations� Study regarding the sorption of erythrosine from aqueous solution onto soil� Hydroxy...
Autori:
ISSN: 1582 - 9596
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25375

Application of inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) based analysis for water quality control
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe quantification of heavy metals presence in the environment is a very important aspect regarding water quality control. The limits for those metals are very well established by Romanian laws and the essence of every validation report is to prove that the method, the apparatus and the operator can reach the established limits. In the present paper such a validation report is presented, proving the appropriate use of Inductively Coupled Plasma - Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AE...
Autori: Irina Dumitriu, , Ioana Raluca Bunghez, Rodica - Mariana Ion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25380

Improving the recycleability of printing paper by in-situ filler loading
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe purpose of this study is to analyze the recycling potential of printing papers, which are obtained by two different filler loading processes: conventional loading by direct addition of calcium carbonate to cellulose fiber suspension and in-situ loading by precipitating calcium carbonate within cell wall and lumen of pulp fibres. In order to evidence the influences of the both filler content and loading method, a reference sample for recycling was obtained without filler, but using th...
Autori: Maria Ciobanu, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25386

Priority organic pollutants removal by ultrafiltration for wastewater recycling
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractUltrafiltration (UF) represents an important option for the advanced wastewater treatment as it offers good performances from both technical and economical points of view, for the removal of suspended solids, colloids and some of the organic compounds present in different effluents. The occurrence of priority organic pollutants in wastewaters streams and the environment has raised intensive scientific debates about their effects and the possible abatement technologies. As part of a broad...
Autori: George Barjoveanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25390

Treatment and management of distillery fermentedfruit spent marc. I. Processing into compacted solid fuel
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe study presents the processing possibilities for marc resulted as still residue from the distillation of fermented fruits in view to obtain a compacted solid fuel. Initial marc composition (carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur and oxygen contents) determined by elemental analysis is evidenced, as well as technical characterisation (ash and moisture contents) and ash's qualitative composition, chemical characterisation of the liquid phase (pH, total phosphorus, acidity and conductivity)...
Autori: Daniela Simina Stefan, Anca-Ileana Penu, Mircea Stefan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25391

On electro-dewatering a cellulosic sludge
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe paper describes in brief the electro-osmosis process and reviews the possibility to use it in dewatering the pulp and paper waste sludge. The waste sludge main characteristics and dewatering methods from the Vrancart SA factory are revealed. After the experimental method and test bench description, some results from the preliminary laboratory tests on the Vrancart SA sludge are presented and discussed....
Autori: Dorin D. Lucache, Adrian Bulgaru, Dan Ioachim, Elena Danila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25392

Application of natural materials as sorbents for persistent organic pollutants
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractPersistent organic pollutants (POPs) are toxic chemicals that adversely affect human health and the environment around. This group of priority pollutants consists of pesticides, industrial chemicals and unintentional by-products of industrial processes. Natural materials, waste from industry and agriculture and bioadsorbents can be employed as inexpensive adsorbents to remove POPs from environmental components by sorption processes. The paper presents various natural sorbents and some ou...
Autori: Laura Carmen Apostol, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25395

Optimization of process variables for cadmium removal from synthetic wastewaters by sphagnum moss peat
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Abstract The efficiency of Cd (II) removal from aqueous solutions was investigated using Sphagnum moss peat as sorbent. A 23 orthogonal central composite design was successfully employed for experimental design and analysis of results. The combined effect of the initial solution pH, peat dosage and initial Cd (II) concentration was studied and optimized using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). The optimum values of these variables were found to be pH = 4.72, 14.7 g peat /L and 13.64 mg Cd /L, ...
Autori: Catalin Balan, Corneliu Cojocaru, Petru Bulai, Doina Bilba, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25399

Study of the copper (II) removal from aqueous solutions by chelating resin Purolite S930
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Abstract This work examines the influence of experimental conditions on the copper (II) ions removal from aqueous solutions using chelating ion exchange resin Purolite S930. The influence of solution pH, initial metal concentration, contact time, temperature, ionic form of the resin and resin dose was studied in batch experiments. The percent of Cu (II) removal has a maximum at pH 5.0 (buffered solutions), and increases with the increasing of resin dose, of the contact time and of temperature...
Autori: Petru Bulai, Catalin Balan, Doina Bilba, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1582 - 9596
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25401

Removal of bis (1-chloro-2-propyl) ether from wastewater using sonodegradation and biodegradation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Abstract The potential of using ultrasonic irradiation and microbiological treatment for the removal bis(1-chloro-2-propyl) ether from aqueous solutions has been investigated. Experiments were performed in a continuous bioreactor, 3500 mL volume, and in an ultrasonic bath respectively, using frequencies of 38+1kHz and applying a power of 30 W. Under these conditions, the sonochemical conversion of ether was found to be superior to the biological one. The ultrasound method was improved by air ...
Autori: Mihaela Iordache, Vasile Lucian Pavel, Lim Myunghee, Ioan Iordache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25403

Methodology for real estate appraisal of green value
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Green buildings are considered a quick and effective approach to protect the environment by slowing down the consumption rate of primary energy resources and by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In Europe, appraisals of properties should take into consideration this new feature of buildings by implementing data from Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) into real estate assessment. With this respect, a methodology is proposed and analyzed to be considered in the sales comparison rea...
Autori: Daniela Popescu, Emilia Cerna Mladin, Rodica Boazu, Sven Bienert
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25406

Treatment and management of distillery fermented fruit spent marc. II. Processing by composting
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract This paper presents a comparative study of natural and mechanically mixed composting processes of marc resulting as a byproduct during the production of alcohol obtained from fermented fruits. Moisture, temperature, pH values, soluble fraction, total organic carbon, Kjeldahl nitrogen and ash content were monitored for 60 days. During this period the atmospheric temperature varied from 18Â?C to 21Â?C. The composting process could be considered a combination of three stages: mesophilic...
Autori: Anca-Ileana Penu, Daniela Simina Stefan, Mircea Stefan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25407

Research on the treatment of wastewater in the textile industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Taking into account the statistical data gathered in two previously published papers concerning the pollution sources in the production sector, namely Finishing section, various solutions are proposed for wastewater treatment. Bearing in mind the results obtained through the sampling method on different types of water in the urban sanitary sewer system, the conclusion was that the most convenient alternative, besides the source control is the treatment in wastewater treatment plants...
Autori: Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25408

Researches on possibility to recover and reuse the Iron(II) sulphate from etching of rolled steels
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The etching of iron materials in sulphuric acid solutions allows the dissolution of the iron oxides with formation of iron sulphates. The relatively low solubility of the formed sulphates imposes their separation for avoiding the contamination of the etching bath, as well as for preventing the environmental pollution through the wastewater. Within the flow sheet of the processing of the hot or cold rolled steel, a stage of separation by crystallization of iron sulphate is foreseen. T...
Autori: Liliana Lazar, Ion Balasanian, Florin Bandrabur
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25415

Numerical simulation of pollution with anion SO4 2- for the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The current paper describes the concept and the mathematical models axed upon flow transport and transport of pollutants in the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall. Then, using a complex of basic data related to a representative case study - several information being achieved by systematic measurements, for long period, throughout ten drillings - and the pack of FEFLOW 5.1 programmes, the dispersion of an uppermost pollutant (the anion SO4) has been numerically simulated, for t...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Esmeralda Chiorescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25416

Phytoremediation technology for remediation of radiostrontium (90SR) and radiocaesium (137CS) byCatharanthus roseus (L.) G. don in aquatic environment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Phytoremediation is an eco-friendly, cost effective, in situ treatment technology. In the present research study, phytoremediation technology has been employed for remediation of radionuclides namely 137Cs and 90Sr by using living green plant Catharanthus roseus. C. roseus plants were exposed to different activity levels of 137Cs and 90Sr in aquatic condition to assess the efficiency of plants for remediation of radionuclides. C. roseus plants have been found to remediate 70%, 52% an...
Autori: Singh Anamika, Susan Eapen, Madhusudan H. Fulekar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25417

Utilization of coal fly ash from power plants II. Geopolymer obtaining
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Study of geopolymer is a developing field of research for capitalizing solid waste and by-products in the view of new materials achievement having characteristics necessary for using as cement substitute. Also, it provides a solution to many problems regarding environment, such as reduction of gaseous emissions and particles matter resulted from cement industry and raw materials economy. In this paper, the experimental conditions for obtaining new materials on the basis of fly ash f...
Autori: Maria Harja, , Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25419

Reactive dyes removal from wastewater by combined advanced treatment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Textile industry is one of the most pollutant and water consuming industries. Large quantities of water are required in materials preparation and dyeing, so consumption and waste generation have become serious concerns for textile manufacturers and finishers. Textile effluents are characterized by high values of quality indicators such as BOD and COD, suspended solids and heavy metals. A serious environmental problem and also an aesthetic problem is the color of the effluent. Reactiv...
Autori: Daniela Cailean, George Barjoveanu, Corina - Petronela Musteret, Liliana Rozemarie Manea, Nicolae Sulitanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25420

Evolution of emissions of heavy metals in Vaslui County
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Elaboration of the inventory of the pollutants emissions in atmosphere constitutes the basis for elaboration of the strategies and reglementations, assessment of the trends in evolutions of emissions, modeling of the pollutants dispersions, analysis of new sources, establishment of emission taxes, compliance with legislation, as well as review of existing reglementation and standards regarding the air quality. The current paper describes both the evolution of the emissions of the he...
Autori: Mihaela Budianu, Mihai Nicu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25422

Impact evaluation within strategic environmental assessment: The case study of the waste management. Regional plan for Kolubara region in Serbia
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) represents one of the most important instruments for implementation of the sustainable development strategy in planning. The paper presents methodological framework and method used for SEA impact evaluation of the Waste Management Regional plan for Kolubara region in Serbia. The methodological approach and method are based on planer’s approach that has results in practice. The method is found after the multicriterion evaluation of the plan s...
Autori: Bosko Josimovic, Tijana Crnčević
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25427

A theoretical analysis of the economy - ecology - environment system
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract This paper aims to analyze theoretically events in the economy - ecology - environment (natural resources) mega - system. This analysis includes methodologies making use of the first and second thermodynamic principles (for approaching the waste role in technological processes contour toward environment and the entropy variation importance in the main environmental segments), the application of systems theory and theories relating to emergy. The obtained results allow us to propose, ba...
Autori: Avram Nicolae, Cristian Predescu, Maria Nicolae, Mirela Gabriela Sohaciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25428

Preliminary study of simple and Fenton oxidation with hydrogen peroxide applied on final effluents from a zootechnical farm
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The paper presents the preliminary experimental results performed at laboratory scale set-up for different combined mechanochemical treatments of final effluents from a zootechnical farm from the central Moldavian region of Romania. Because of the high content of pollutants into wastewaters, the soil can be polluted and also the ground waters. To avoid this soil pollution episode, some combined mechano-chemical processes were studied and applied into a specific technological order as...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Mioara Surpăţeanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25434

Options for the valorization by recirculation of powder material for steel manufacture in EAF
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract This paper aims to propose a new solution for rational valorization of the secondary powder materials from steel makingin electric arc furnaces. The elaborated steel quality as well as the economical advantages represented by secondary powdermaterials recirculation were studied. A good correlation between the proportion of brickets loaded into the melt and the melting ofcarbon has been found. The proportion of the EAF dust brickets can grow even at 5-7%. Zinc presence could havenegat...
Autori: Mirela Gabriela Sohaciu, Avram Nicolae, Cristian Predescu, Stefan Velicu, Gheorghe Gh. Calea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25438

Trends in selective collection of the household waste
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The paper presents actual trends concerning the selective collection of the household waste. The collecting methods used in the EU countries and the results obtained by the Romanian municipalities in the last two years are also exposed. The results show thedynamics of household collection and the expectations for the next years. It is known that a town of 100 000 inhabitants collecting 100% of its household recyclable packaging waste could recycle 780 tonnes of steel, 200 tonnes of a...
Autori: Liana Baltes, Camelia Draghici, Camelia Manea, Dan Ceausescu, Mircea Tierean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25440

Carbon dioxide emission associated with the production of plastics - A comparison of production from crude oil and recycling for the dutch case
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Literature data show that in general, plastics produced through the mechanical recycling route involve less carbon dioxide emission than when produced from crude oil. A review of readily available data shows that road transport of untreated waste plastics account for a significant portion of the carbon dioxide emission generated during recycling. Therefore, much carbon dioxide emission can be saved by optimizing the logistics in the recycling of plastics. On the example of polyolefi...
Autori: Peter C. Rem, Stig Olsen, Jan-Henk Welink, Norbert Fraunholcz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25442

Recycling of mixed polyolefin wastes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The mass of usage of secondary plastics are mostly determined by their quality and price. Therefore it was essentially to collect and evaluate the related aspects and expectations from the potential secondary-plastics users. To enable this in the frame of the W2Plastics EU7 project (Magnetic Sorting and Ultrasound Sensor Technologies for Production of High Purity Secondary Polyolefins from Waste) an adequate questionnaire was worked and sent out to automotive plastics end-product man...
Autori: Andrea Toldy, Brigitta Bodzay, Mircea Tierean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25443

High-purity products from plastic waste: The w2plastics project
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The European annual consumption of plastic materials has increased from 24.6 Mtons in 1993 to 39.7 M tons in 2003 and it is likely to keep growing. Europe is faced with the challenge of managing millions of tons of waste plastics. At the same time, polymer recyclers and manufacturing industries do not find enough secondary polymers of consistent quality. Plastics production and use has a range of environmental impacts because of the considerable quantity of resources needed as raw ma...
Autori: Peter Rem, Venga Solaria, Francesco Di Maio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25444

Energy conservation and CO2 emissions reduction for clinker portland cement manufacturing process
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract At present, dangerous industrial wastes are a main source of environmental pollution because they are stored and deposited improperly. Besides, dangerous industrial wastes could also be a source of secondary raw materials which are not well capitalized. This fact causes substantial losses of secondary raw materials and energy and it is explained by the lack of certain technologies of treatment, capitalization and final removal that are technically and economically sustainable. To ide...
Autori: Neculai Mihailescu, Vasilica Daescu, Elena Holban, Mariana Nicoleta Badea, Jenica Paceagiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25447

Uncertainty estimation-Case study for phenolic compounds determination in municipal wastewaters
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The Romanian standard for the analytical method for phenols measurements in aquatic media was subject of internal validation procedure, adapted to the specific concentration domain of the laboratory. Method performance criteria were investigated on standard samples measurements: selectivity, linearity domain, precision, accuracy, limit of detection, limit of quantification androbustness. The validated method was further used on real samples of domestic and industrial wastewaters from...
Autori: Carmen Dima, Cristina Jelescu, Camelia Draghici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25448

Residues of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from refinery spent catalysts
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Spent hydroprocessing catalysts from petroleum refining industries have been classified as hazardous wastes due to their content in heavy metal and persistent organic pollutants (POPs). The aim of our paper determine the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) residues contents in spent catalysts samples from four different units of the Romanian refinery Rompetrol Rafinare,Constanta: Hydrogen (H), Gas Desulfurization Sulfur Recovery (GDSR), Hydrofining Turbojet Kerosene (HTK) and Pet...
Autori: Camelia Draghici, , , Gabriela Stanciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25449

New composites from solid waste
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The waste recycling done in order to obtain composite products with performant properties and also, with long life cycle is the main purpose for the sustainable development. The present paper describes the way in which, different kind of solid wastes are immobilised in an organic resin as a binder matrix. Composites with different proportion of waste as, rubber/plastic, glass and silica sand have been obtained. The physical-mechanical properties and chemical stability of such organic...
Autori: Ioan Ropota, Emilia Zamfirache, Marcela Muntean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25450

Preliminary investigation aimed to ecological reclaiming by phytoremediation of a large flotation tailing dump in baia mare mining area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The flotation tailing pond Bozinta is located at 5 Km West from Baia Mare town. It is closed and is preparing for ecological reclaiming. Preliminary investigations have been made on the meteorological and climatologic indicators of the site. The temperature, air relative humidity, the wind speed, the rain values and the soil temperature have been measured during the vegetation period of 2008 year. The air temperature on the tailing pond is always 1?·2 0C higher than the values regist...
Autori: Vasile Oros, Mirela Coman, Monica Marian, Leonard G. Mihaly, Anca Mihaly
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25452

Sludge recycling in ceramic matrix
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract In the new millennium to sustain a healthy life in harmony with nature, it will be extremely important to develop various materials and processes that minimize any harmful influence on the environment. The feasibility of sludge recycling in the brick manufacture was evaluated through laboratory testing. Several ceramic masses with clay, sand and various proportion of sludge have been synthesized and than characterized by their physical-mechanical properties. Sludge fineness also has ...
Autori: Ana - Maria Szoke, Marcela Muntean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25454

Non-ferrous heavy metal metallurgy wastewater treatment by the electro-floto-coagulation method
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Electroflotocoagulation is used for the treatment of liquid wastes of various origins, containing suspended matter. The metal hydroxide formed by electrochemical metallic ions generation acts to aggregate the colloidal impurities, and the hydrogen bubbles evolved at the cathode allow flotation of foam containing the impurities. The aggregates formed (containing the impurities) and lifted above the solution can then be removed. Electroflotocoagulation (simultaneous electrocoagulation ...
Autori: Marius Constantin Mirica, Mirela Ioana Iorga, Adina Segneanu, Ionel Balcu, Doru Buzatu, Cristian Vaszilcsin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25457

Performances of biochemical treatment stage from municipal wastewater treatment plant
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The paper presents new studies about the removal efficiency of the biochemical treatment process of the Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant from Constanta city, during 2008. Influent and effluent samples of biochemical treatment stage were collected and ammonium concentration, chemical oxygen demand (CODCr) and biochemical oxygen demand in five days (BOD5) were measured, aiming to study the evolution of the removal efficiency, during 2008. Additional analyses have been performed in ...
Autori: Elisabeta Chirilă, Camelia Draghici, Adriana Puhacel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25458

Adsorption of Cu2+ on White Poplar and Oak Sawdust
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The studies of Cu (II) adsorption were conducted by testing various sawdust types. Two biomass, oak sawdust wood (Querqus robur) and white poplar sawdust wood (Populus alba), have been compared considering their efficiency for copper removal from diluted water solutions. Raw sawdust proved no efficiency in adsorption. Therefore, pre-treatment processes were developed and optimized, to enhance the sawdust affinity for heavy metals adsorption. The optimized pre-treatment conditions are...
Autori: Dora Lucaci, Anca Duta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25460

Olt river monitoring and quality assessment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract This paper aims to present an assessment of Olt River water quality along Brasov county area, using data acquired during 2005- 2007. Olt River is an important river in Romania, and its basin is covering almost 10 counties, which main part of its middle section passes Brasov County. Olt River is providing water for industry, agriculture and human use, but is also collecting treated and not treated wastewaters from different sources. Two important sampling sites were studied: Feldioar...
Autori: Mihaela Sica, Dorina Dragan, Ramona Furnica, Camelia Draghici,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25467

Enhanced heavy metal adsorption on dye-modified fly ash
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The use of fly ash (FA) in wastewater treatment received a lot of attention for the immobilization of heavy metal cations, mainly Cd2+, Pb2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Cu2+. For an up-scalable wastewater treatment process, the substrate must have good adsorption efficiency and relatively constant behaviour. Modifying the fly ash surface can be a solution for reaching both goals. The use of FA for heavy metals removal, from wastewaters resulted in the dye finishing industry, faces a supplementary p...
Autori: Maria Visa, Anca Duta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25471

Anticorrosive protection system based on nanocomposites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Corrosion control, using inhibitors like, polymerisable porphyrins and multifunctional nanocomposites, is extremely useful in many environments. Phosphogypsum is a waste product resulted from the process of obtaining the phosphoric acid and it can be also used as corrosion inhibitor; in a mixture with other coating materials. Two types of modified porphyrin: Na4TFP Ac - dissolved in KOH and H2SO4 and H2TPP - dissolved in benzonitrile, were tested. The structure characterization of pho...
Autori: Ionel Balcu, Adina-Elena Segneanu, Marius Constantin Mirica, Mirela Ioana Iorga, Corina Amalia Macarie, Iuliana Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25477

Immobilization mechanisms of chromium in cementbased solidified waste
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Knowledge of the binding mechanisms of heavy metals to cement minerals is essential for the prediction of the long-term leachability of cement-based solidified waste containing heavy metals. In this paper, the sorption of chromate ions onto calciumsilicate- hydrate (C-S-H) in equilibrated aqueous suspensions was investigated as a function of liquid-to-solid ratio. The hypothesis of super-equivalent adsorption was assumed to be involved in chromate ions immobilization. This hypothesis...
Autori: Constantin Bobirica, Ionel Constantinescu, Liliana Bobirica,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25478

Wastewater treatment using optimized TiO2 photocatalytic properties
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The paper presents a comparative approach concerning the properties of TiO2 thin layers obtained via spray pyrolysis deposition (SPD) using hydrophilic and hydrophobic polymers as additives. The influences of composition (X-ray diffraction), morphology (Atomic Force Mycroscopy, Contact angle) and optoelectric (electrical conductivity, absorption, band gap and photocurrent) properties on the photocatalytic activity of the layers were studied. ...
Autori: Alexandru Enesca, Luminita Andronic, Anca Duta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25479

Microwaves effect over biomass hydrolysis
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Changing fuel consumption to a more ecological environmentally alternative is replacing fossil fuels with fuels generated from renewable resources. Ethanol, a renewable fuel, can be produced mainly from crops, lignocellulosic biomass and different other environmental wastes. Although ethanol has been produced mainly from crops, there is a great interest in using cheaper lignocellulosic materials as a feedstock for ethanol production. The aim of this paper is study of dilute acid hyd...
Autori: Ionel Balcu, Adina-Elena Segneanu, Marius Constantin Mirica, Mirela Ioana Iorga, Corina Macarie, Raluca Martagiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25481

New materials for water ozonization
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Application of ozone is known to yield favorable results in purification of phosphate plant water from elemental phosphorus, in treatment of water of alkali aluminate solutions of aluminum plants, in decontamination of cyanide-containing waste water of enrichment plants, and so on. It has been proved that halogen-containing compounds, most of which have mutagenic properties, and some of which are carcinogenic to humans, are formed when water is treated with chlorine. Conclusions made...
Autori: Irina Dumitriu, ,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25483

Issues on costs and investment for environmental protection
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The concept of sustainable development has emerged in order to correlate the need to continue increasing the level of human and increasingly fragile â€?health?? level of environment. At the industrial level, things have moved more quickly. Thus, many companies use waste as fuel, and in some localities they are trying to implement systems for heating cottage on the combustion of waste. They are first to have acknowledged the eco-economical importance of recovery and reuse waste....
Autori: Dan Duran, Irina Duran, Adrian Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25488

Utilization of waste materials in concrete production for sustainable development
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract In order to reduce the cement content used in concrete production utilization of waste materials for substitution of a part of cement can be considered. In this study, two pozzolanic-waste materials, silica fume and fly ash, are used as a part of cement up to 12% and 40%, respectively in concrete and compressive strength as well as permeability properties were determined. The test results were evaluated by using the response surface method. By keeping the cement content in concrete c...
Autori: Dogan U. Anil, Ozkul M. Hulusi, Ekincioglu Ozgur
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25490

Abiotic and biotic mitigation of volatile methyl siloxanes in anaerobic gas-phase biomatrices
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract This paper presents preliminary results of a batch-scale study assessing the contribution of the multiple phenomena involved in siloxane removal in three-phase biomatrices. Batch scale experiments were undertaken in shaken flasks containing acclimatised culture medium, solid media and siloxane vapours (octamethylcylotetrasiloxane and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, respectively) under anaerobic gas-phase conditions. Abiotic and biotic phenomena, considered to be possible siloxane remov...
Autori: Gabriela Soreanu, Patricia Falletta, Michel Beland, Kara Edmonson, Peter Seto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25510

Alignment of the manufacturing technologies of automotive metallic component to the environment european directives
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Alignment of the manufacture technologies to the environment European directives requirements represents a modern approach of the environment issues considered as integrant part of the lasting development which will represent one of the connecting ways of the Romanian economy to the globalization process. In the present work a pertinent study is made regarding the harmonizing into the limits imposed by the environment European directives (Dir. 99/13/CE, Dir. 76/464/CEE and Dir. 2000/...
Autori: Stefan Velicu, Petrica Corabieru, Dumitru Zait, Anisoara Corabieru, Dan Dragos Vasilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25518

Impact of landfill leachate on soil quality in Iasi county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Waste management hierarchy has as priorities waste recycling and energy recovery. Unfortunately, Romania is in the situation so as the waste landfilling is still considered as a suitable solution for waste management. European Union imposed a number of regulations and programs in the field of waste treatment and management that Romania must comply. The paper describes some aspects regarding characterization of the leachate originating from the Tomesti landfill (situated in Iasi County...
Autori: Ana-Maria Schiopu, Brindusa Mihaela Robu, Ion Apostol, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25523

Tendences and perspectives regarding the recycling of automotive waste
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The work studies the orientations regarding the recycling of the products from the industry of auto-vehicles parts and components, orientations that can provide solutions which permit to the enterprises producing auto components the efficient management of the related products and services during the whole life cycle of the products, from the conception phase to that of recycling. The new way of approaching the development of metallic auto products promoted in Romania will contribut...
Autori: Petrica Corabieru, Stefan Velicu, Dumitru Zait, Anisoara Corabieru, Dan Dragos Vasilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25524

Wastes used in obtaining polymer composite
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract In the paper is analyzed the possibility of using some industrial wastes for obtaining new building materials. From the industry or from the power station a lot of by-products or wastes have resulted and their storage is a big problem for the environment. In the building material industry a part of these wastes can be used in different ways: for replacing the cement, as addition in concrete, as component of cements, in the mixture of polymer concrete, etc. In the present investigati...
Autori: Marinela Bărbuţă, Nicolae Taranu, Maria Harja
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25525

A new technology to obtain ecological steels
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract A friendly technology with the environment which consists of the elaboration of carbon steels through specific proceedings to powder metallurgy has in view the contribution of methane gas in iron powders at the same time with sintering. This technology is advantageous from various points of view: the final product is a part which does not need afterward processing with solid waste result and therefore the specific energy consume is lower, the wear and corrosion behavior is similar to...
Autori: Olimpia Ghermec, Cristian Ghermec, Traian Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25526

Leaching of copper from cement-based waste materials
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The use of appropriate leaching tests and leaching models can help to predict the hazardous components release from cementbased solidified waste during either utilization or disposal. Numerous parameters influence the leaching rates such as grain size/specimen size,ccc liquid-to-solid ratio, pH value of the leachate, leaching time etc. This study evaluates the effect of initial liquid-to-solid ratio of cement paste on the release of copper from cement-based solidified waste. Dynamic ...
Autori: Constantin Bobirica, Liliana Bobirica, , Ionel Constantinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25527

Driving forces and barriers for sustainable use of recovered paper in papermaking
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Recovered paper is a valuable raw material for the paper industry at global level. Paper made from recovered paper reduces the demand on forests, uses less energy, water and chemicals, produces less toxic releases and reduces solid wastes that must be landfilled or incinerated. This paper is mainly aiming to analyze the driving forces for sustainable use of recovered paper and to discuss the benefits of recovered paper use on paper and board production, as well as on the environment....
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25528

Economical and social assessments approach on paper recycling
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Life Cycle Cost Analysis (LCC) and Social Life Cycle Analysis (SLCA) are available methodologies for the economic and social assessment of a product or process along its life cycle. Different approaches regarding LCC and SLCA have recently emerged and several hypotheses are currently on testing and discussing. This paper shows existing LCC and a SLCA approaches as well as the methodology applied in the particular case of a paper recycling process. This study gathers part of the Europ...
Autori: Beatriz Ferreira Pozo, Antonio Dobon Lopez, Carlos Lopez Lopez, Maria Calero Pastor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25529

Equilibrium and kinetic studies of copper (ii) removal on Purolite S930 resin
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The presence of heavy metals in the environment is a major concern due to their non-biodegradability, bioaccumulation tendency, persistence in nature and toxicity to many life forms. Different treatment techniques for wastewater laden with copper have been developed in recent years to decrease the amount of wastewater produced and to improve the quality of the treated effluent. All techniques have their advantages and limitations in application. One of the most used techniques to rem...
Autori: Petru Bulai, Catalin Balan, Camelia Scripcariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25531

Using of industrial waste materials for textile wastewater treatment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Sorption is one of the several methods that have been successfully utilized for dyes removal. A large number of materials have been used as suitable sorbents for decolourization of industrial effluents: activated carbon (the most common but expensive adsorbent), polymeric resins, various low-cost adsorbents (agricultural and industrial by-products, peat, chitin, silica, bentonite, other clays, fly ash). Our paper is a review about our researches regarding different types of industri...
Autori: Daniela Suteu, Carmen Zaharia, Augustin Muresan, Rodica Muresan, Alina Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25532

Influence of soil particle size onto sorption of tartrazine from aqueous solutions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Tartrazine, (CI 19140) is an azo dye widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and foodstuff, as well as for coloring the textiles, hence it can be easily found in municipal wastewaters or wastewaters originating from textile, food, drugs and cosmetic industry. In this work, the capacity of a Romanian soil to retain Tartrazine from aqueous solution by sorption onto soil particles of different size has been investigated. The sorption kinetics was studied by applying five kinetic model...
Autori: Florentina Anca Căliman, Laura Carmen Apostol, Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25534

Reorganization of water and waste water management in Romania: From local to regional water governance
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Romania’s drinking water and wastewater sector is currently going through a process of regionalization. This process involves a replacement of a local-focused governance structure by a regional-focused governance structure. The objective of this paper is to explore and explain this regionalization from a governance perspective. In two case studies, the situation before and after the regionalization are investigated. Analyses of the case studies show that the local-focused governanc...
Autori: Joanne Vinke-de Kruijf, Valentina Dinica, Denie C.M. Augustijn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25536

Removal of 4-chlorophenol by surfactant modified zeolites and surfactant modified alkali-treated natural zeolites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Chlorophenols are contaminants in soils, sediments, surface waters and groundwater, largely because of their worldwide utilization in the last 50 years as wood preservatives and general biocides in industry and agriculture. The toxicity of chlorophenols and their persistence in the environment require advanced treatment techniques for their removal. Surfactant-modified natural zeolites (SMZs) represent an important class of sorbents for water treatment. This work presents a comparat...
Autori: Roxana Elena Apreutesei, Cezar Catrinescu, Adrian Ungureanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25537

Studies regarding advanced processes used for reactive dyes removal from textile effluents
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract In the textile finishing and dyeing industries, the total volume of water consumed is around 150 millions tons/year, and thus very large quantities of water are processed and produced as wastewater by textile plants. Quality indicators of textile wastewaters, like BOD and COD, have values which, in some cases, exceed 5 times the maximum concentration value (allowed by the national quality standards). One of the greatest concerns in wastewater treatment of a textile effluent is the co...
Autori: Daniela Cailean, , Florin Brinza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25538

Study of morphology for geopolymer materials obtained from fly ash
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Geopolymerization is a continuous developing field of research for utilizing solid waste and by-products. It provides a solution to many problems where hazardous residue has to be treated and stored under critical environmental conditions. Consumption of fly ash in the manufacture of geopolymer is an important strategy in making materials more environmentally friendly. Fly ash has been chosen as a base material in order to utilize this industrial waste. Previous researches have show...
Autori: Maria Harja, Marinela Bărbuţă, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25542

Plasma chemistry and the environment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract Plasma is often called the fourth state of matter. It is distinct from other lower-energy states of matter, most commonly solid, liquid, and gas, although it is closely related to the gas phase in that it also has no definite form or volume. Plasma technique may use any gas or gas mixture, within equipment limitations. Each gas or mixture of gases produces distinctive plasma, making possible a very diverse range of chemical environments. Besides the recombination mechanisms developed...
Autori: Marian I. Totolin, Ghiocel E. Ioanid, Iordana Neamtu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25550

Recycling of waste from the grinding operations
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This paper introduces and analyses the results of some research regarding the recovery of fine chips from the slurry resulted from the finishing operations (grinding) of the parts used in automobile industry. Little chips, in the form of slime, represent a very important source of raw materials when preparing the powders and at the same time it can be appreciated that the volume of these chips in the form of slurry is high enough so that its use can substantially diminish the product...
Autori: Olimpia Ghermec, Cristian Ghermec, Marin Didu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25552

A social inquiry assessment of new water and wastewater disinfection devices
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This paper aims at developing a study concerning a prototype production opportunity and its use for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) as polluters and consumers, as well as for household consumers. The technical impact can be assessed through introduction of a new and low polluting technology which does not change the taste and smell of water, does not need chemical additives and uses a series of small and easy maintainable equipments with low costs. The method called �documenta...
Autori: Daniela Suteu, Irina Volf, Luminita Lupu, , Carmen Ioan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25555

Assessment of human and natural impacts over water quality in the prut river basin, Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) concept evolved over time, the focus on river basin management, consultation and coordination with all water users, and the use of the â€?polluter pays?? principle being all included in the EU Water Framework Directive (EC Directive, 2000), which forms the basis of water management undertaken in Europe. The role and significance of water resources for sustainable development, as well as the water crisis experienced nowadays are ...
Autori: , Claudia Cojocariu, Corina - Petronela Musteret, Ioana Gabriela Dascalescu, Ionut Caraene
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25559

Textile wastewater treatment by homogeneous oxidation with hydrogen peroxide
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The textile wastewaters have a diverse composition depending both on the used raw materials and applied manufacturing technologies. These wastewaters may contain various pollutants such as organic compounds (e.g. residual dyes), suspended solids, metal ions etc. Most of dyes are synthetic compounds with aromatic molecular structures and non-biodegradable. The oxidative destruction via homogenous oxidation processes with hydrogen peroxide (simple chemical oxidation with H2O2 or advanc...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Daniela Suteu, Augustin Muresan, Rodica Muresan, Alina Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25570

Hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membranes for lead ions removal
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This work describes the preparation of a hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membrane and their characteristics. The porous hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membranes were made via solvent casting process. The deposited hydroxyapatite layers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The data suggest that the method utilized in this work can be applied to obtain deposition of coating of crystalline hydroxyapatite on porous polyurethane...
Autori: Gabriela Ciobanu, Dorina Ignat, Gabriela Carja, Constantin Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25572

Overview on paper and board recycling in Europe
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract In Europe, recovered paper is a valuable raw material for the paper industry already since the early 20th century, actually corresponding to half of the total use of fibres for paper and board production. The aim of this paper is to describe the present status of paper recycling in Europe and thereby to create a data basis for evaluation the results of the FP7 project ?Recovered Paper Sorting by Innovative Technologies ? SORT IT. The overview is based on specific questionnaires addre...
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25579

Enhancement of separation performances of a new azoic derivative from industrial water and the posibility to recover its complex as nanomaterial
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract In order to obtain new complexes of Fe(III) with multiple uses, their characteristics, important applications and also the obtaining conditions are studied. The obtaining conditions consist in mixing solutions of the same concentrations of ligand 2 amino-6-methoxy-benzothiazole sulphonic acid??†’1-naphtol-4-sulphonic acid with FeCl3. The solutions are mixed in molar ratios of 1:1, 2:1 and 3:1 (ligand to central metallic atom). For determining the molar ratio ligand:central metall...
Autori: Daniela Zavastin, Doina Sibiescu, Igor Creţescu, Ioan Roşca, Mihaela Dana Tutulea, Mihaela Vizitiu
ISSN: 1843-3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25581

Valorization of plaster molds waste from fine ceramic industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The Environment Action Program foresees the development of a Thematic Strategy concerning the sustainable use of natural resources and waste management (Report EUR 21002 EN, 2004). In this context, the activities regarding the research and industrial development related to waste valorization through recycling and reusing have been grown. The wastes resulted from the fine ceramic technological process (scraps, used molds etc.) may be valorized. The used molds can be valorized in other...
Autori: Ion Balasanian, Liliana Lazar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25582

Chelating sorbent containing two types of functional groups hydroxamic acid and amidoxime for lead (II) ions effluent management
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The removal efficiency of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions by sorption on a bifunctional acrylic ion exchange resin with groups of hydroxamic acid and amidoxime is presented. It was found that Pb(II) sorption potential varies as function of solution pH, initial metal concentration, contact time and temperature. From aqueous solutions with Pb(II) initial concentration of 82.96 ?ŽÂ?g/mL the sorption percentage is 98.64%. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to model the Pb(II) ...
Autori: Anca Ceica, Carmen Paduraru, Igor Creţescu, Lavinia Tofan, Violeta Neagu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25586

Removal of dunkel blau dye from aqueous solutions by fungal and peat biomass in batch mode
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Wastewaters of textile and leather dying industries contain significant quantities of water-soluble dyes. Moreover the temperature and pH of these wastewaters may be controlling variables affecting the biosorption performance. In this study the sorption of dark blue dye by Aspergillus biomass and peat was studied as a function of temperature, initial dye concentration, and initial pH values. In addition, the effects of sorbent dosage on the sorption processes were systematically stud...
Autori: Cornel Cojocaru, Cornel Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Mariana Diaconu, Roxana Elena Benchea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25587

The treatment and minimization of metallurgical slag as waste
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The slags are an important waste and by-products of metallurgical industry. The present paper summarizes results obtained from physical and chemical analyses on metallurgical slag provided from S.C. ?Mittal Steel Galati? S.A. The physical structure and gradation of granulated slag depend on the chemical composition of the slag, its temperature at the time of water quenching, and the method of production. The following mineralogical components were noticed through bypowder X-ray diffr...
Autori: Maria Cioroi, Licuta Nistor Cristea, Igor Creţescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25588

Integrated treatment of leachate from municipal waste solid landfill
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The present paper proposes an integrated-treatment process of leachate from a municipal landfill, which involves two treatment steps. The first step consists in diminishing the organic content through an advanced oxidation process using ozone and hydrogen peroxide. The second step is performed in order to diminish the content of heavy metals through a sorption process on a natural low-cost biosorbent, thus the traces of organic substances remained after oxidative degradation or oxida...
Autori: Carmen Paduraru, Corneliu Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Lavinia Tofan, Marius Sebastian Secula, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25589

Biosorption of malachite green from aqueous solutions onto biomaterials
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The use of biomaterials as biosorbents for treatment of wastewaters will provide as a potential alternate to the conventional treatment methods. The main advantages of biosorption are high selectivity , cost effectiveness and good removal performance. World wide numerous low cost bio materials have tried for biosorption of dyes. In this present investigation, the dead biomass of Penicillium sp. fungus and wood sawdust was used as biosorbents and their capacity to removed malachite gr...
Autori: Cornel Pohontu, Florin Luca, Igor Creţescu, Manea Liliana, Mariana Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25593

Device for rapid preparation of samples for detection and identification of the toxic compounds
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract This paper presents a portable device for rapid preparation of samples, in situ, in order to facilitate the detection and identification of toxic substances. This product is for research and provides increased sensitivity NBC detection equipment (ion mobility spectrometers, indicated tubes), and decreasing the time needed for preparation solid and liquid samples to identify toxic substances by spectrometric techniques (gas chromatography with mass spectrometry). It is used especially...
Autori: Alexandru Bobes, Aurica Dumitrescu, Doru Alexe, Gabriel Epure, Liliana Rece, Nicoleta Petrea, Petrisor Zamora Iordache, Razvan Petre, Vasile Somoghi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25595

A case study of industrial water polluted with chromium (VI) and its impact to river recipient in western Serbia
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract In this work the method for the treatment of industrial waste waters effluents containing hexavalent chromium in three companies during process of treating metal surface with chromic acid is described. Industrial water polluted with hexavalent chromium is collected in separate sewage system. Polluted water is collected in precipitation tanks which are directly connected with neutralization reservoirs. The treatment process includes pre-neutralization by lime-milk, sedimentation, floc...
Autori: Igor Creţescu, Mirjana Cvijovic, Predrag Djurdjevic, Slavica Cvetkovi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25596

Catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation of 4-chlorophenol over iron-exchanged clays
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Chlorophenols were selected for this study because most of them are toxic and difficult to biodegrade. They represent a particular group of priority toxic pollutants listed by the US EPA in the Clean Water Act and by the European Decision 2455/2001/EC. The efficiency of advanced oxidation processes for degradation of chlorophenols has been extensively documented. The catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation process, involving oxidation with H2O2 and solid catalysts in mild reaction ...
Autori: Brindusa Dragoi, , Cezar Catrinescu, Daniela Arsene
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25601

Optimization by NN ? GA technique of the metal complexing process. potential application in wastewater treatment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Some samples consisting in silica functionalized in different degrees with dihydroxy-azomethine groups have been tested as sorbents for copper (II) ions from aqueous solutions in different conditions. An indirect monitoring procedure for the complexing process was approached: UV-VIS absorption intensity ? time variation for the metal-containing solution in which complexing silica was soaked. In order to find the conditions in which the maximum efficiency in the metal absorption can b...
Autori: Ciprian-George Piuleac, Maria Cazacu, Silvia Curteanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25608

Stability factors and control strategy for biogas production from sludge
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract A method based on measuring substrate depletion rate was developed to evaluate the denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm form in anoxic serum flasks. The adapted activated sludge inoculum was grown as biofilm in an anoxic rotating biological contactor (RBC). Acetate was used as external carbon source to obtain a carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) of 2. The results showed that the specific activity of cells in biofilm form was higher than in planktonic for...
Autori: Elba Vivanco, Juan Carlos Ruiz, Paola Poirrier, Rolando Chamy, Yves Lesty
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25617

The characterization and the synthesis of a new coordination compound for removal of Cr(III) from wastewaters
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The Schiff base N,N??(salicylidene)-methylenediamine, known as Salmen in combination with Cr(III) forms at pH = 4.5 a greenish precipitate, which is stable at room temperature but decomposed on heating. The study of the Infrared spectra, Electron Spin Resonance (ESR), X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetry has pointed out that the precipitation form is a complex, while the molar ratio showed that the combination rate of Cr(III): N,N?-bis(salicylidene)-methylenediamine is 1:1. The new...
Autori: Doina Sibiescu, Ioan Roşca, Irina Spatarescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25619

Study on removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions by adsorption on bael tree leaf powder
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The adsorption behavior of bael tree (BT) leaf powder for cadmium ions from aqueous solutions has been investigated as a function of appropriate equilibrium time, adsorbent dose, adsorbate concentrations and pH using a batch system. Studies showed that the pH of aqueous solutions affected cadmium removal as a result of the fact that removal efficiency increased with increasing solution pH. The maximum adsorption was 93.56% at solution pH equal to 6.0, contact time of 30 min and initi...
Autori: Ponnusamy Senthilkumar, Rangasamy Gayathri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25621

Aerobic sequencing batch reactor system with granular activated carbon for the treatment of wastewater containing a reactive dye
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract In this study, the effect of adding granular activated carbon (GAC) to aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) on possibility to treat a wastewater containing a reactive dye (Brill Blue KN-R) was investigated. Experiments were performed in four cylindrical Plexiglas reactors for 68 days (5 days for acclimatization of sludge and 63 days for normal operation in two separate phases). Initial dye concentrations were adjusted to 20, 25, 30 and 40 mg/L in the reactors R1, R2, R3 and R4, res...
Autori: Amir Asadi Vaigan, Hossein Hashemi, Mohammad Reza Alavi Moghaddam
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25624

Strategies for the aerobic biological treatment of the dairy wastewaters in controlled conditions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate the capacity of certain bacterial and fungal strains - isolated from the dairy industry wastewater - to biodegrade the organic compounds such as casein, lactose and lactic acid similarly to those which determine the organic pollution. The strains able to rapidly biodegrade organic compounds were identified and screened for the inoculum preparation which is afterward tested for the aerobic biological treatment of the simulated dairy-processing was...
Autori: Gabriela Bahrim, George Ifrim, Marian Barbu, Mihaela Palela, Sergiu Caraman
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25625

Environmental hazards and anaerobic treatment of wastewaters generated in alcohol industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Finding solutions to the waste problems generated by human activity represents a high concern of authorities and environment specialists for many years. Furthermore, energy conservation and reduction of the dependency from fossil fuels represents a top priority of governmental organizations at world level. The developments in alcohol industry have resulted in the increase of wastewaters which are highly polluted with organic substances, causing environmental pollution hazards. A wide...
Autori: Carmen Mateescu, Ionel Constantinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25626

Assessment of Jajrood river watershed microbial pollution: Sources and fates
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The Jajrood River watershed is one of the main drinking water resources of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. In addition it provides many recreational usages. However, a variety of microbial pollutions is commonly perceived in the Jajrood River, among them a high concentration of coliform group bacteria that has caused strong concerns. In this article, different aspects of microbial pollution as well as the main microbial pollution sources in the region are discussed. Coliform group ...
Autori: Mahdi Jamshidi, Mahdi Maghrebi, Masoud Tajrishy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25627

Reduced water consumption in recovered paper plant for sustainable development
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Regardless of the production branch, advanced closing of water circuits in an industrial unit is a today?s requirement. To fulfill this, an advanced treatment of residual water is needed. Use of both specialized devices and specific chemicals leads to clear water that can be further reused. In this paper, the obtained performances with a unit, which uses dissolving air flotation principles for treating the residual water from a recovered paper de-inking plant, are presented....
Autori: Emanuel Poppel, Nela Dumea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25629

Modeling and simulation of an ultrafiltration process for the removal of suspended solids and colloids from wastewater
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Mathematical modeling of the ultrafiltration (UF) process is motivated by the complexity of retention phenomena that occur during the UF in conjunction with the complexity of wastewater matrices submitted to ultrafiltration, as well as by the need to predict the process behavior in extreme conditions, such as high pollution loads for UF-membrane cleaning cycles optimization or for automated control of the process. Thus, series of laboratory-scale ultrafiltration experiments were perf...
Autori: , George Barjoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25630

Chemical oxidation of treated textile effluent by hydrogen peroxide and fenton process
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract In this study the possibility to apply the oxidation process for treating textile effluents, by using hydrogen peroxide and Fenton process was evaluated through determining the color and chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal. The experimental variables studied include the dosages of hydrogen peroxide and iron salts, oxidation time and pH value. The result showed that oxidation process using hydrogen peroxide alone is inefficient in COD and color removal, since only 25 % of COD removal...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran, , Marniyanti Mamat Noor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25631

Studies on the biosorption of Terasil dye by Aspergillus Niger dead biomass
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Textile dyeing process is an important source of contamination responsable for the continous pollution of the environment. Control of water pollution has importance for both organisms, which live in water and those who benefit from water. Many dyes reaching the water source are difficult to decompose and cause many problems due to their carcinogenicity. Consequently, it is important to remove these pollutants from wastewater before their final disposal. This paper reports the resuls ...
Autori: Alina Dughila, Alina Stefanache, Cornel Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Mariana Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25633

Influence of innoculum acclimation in the biodegradation rate and estimated biodegradbility of cow manure, food waste and oil
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Two different inocula - acclimated and non-acclimated to fat- were used to evaluate the methane production of cow manure, food waste and oily waste in batch assays. The inoculum adapted to fat had a better performance in the methanisation of substrates with significant lipids content. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that an increase in the ratio inoculum/substrate can enhance the initial methane production rate of oily waste when using a non-adapted inoculum, improving also the ultim...
Autori: Lucia Neves, Maria Madalena Alves, Raquel Ferreira, Rosario Oliveira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25634

Olive mill wastewater as a renewable resource
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The olive mill wastewater (OMW) is a stable emulsion composed by water, olive pulp and residual oil. An approach for using this waste as a renewable resource is of greater interest. Several authors have been studding physicochemical treatment methods. However, the biological treatments allow not only the treatment, but also the effluent valorization, by producing several valuable products. This effluent is also a source of natural antioxidants and its extraction is economically attra...
Autori: Carina Pereira, Cristiana Goncalves, Isabel Belo, Madalena Alves
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25635

Denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract A method based on measuring substrate depletion rate was developed to evaluate the denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm form in anoxic serum flasks. The adapted activated sludge inoculum was grown as biofilm in an anoxic rotating biological contactor (RBC). Acetate was used as external carbon source to obtain a carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) of 2. The results showed that the specific activity of cells in biofilm form was higher than in planktonic for...
Autori: Manuel Mota, Pilar Teixeira, Rosario Oliveira, Susana Cortez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25639

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 5
? SUSTAINABLE CONCRETE HARDENING PROCESSES IN NORMAL CLIMATIC AND THERMAL TREATMENT CONDITIONS ? THE ENVIRONMENTAL DIMENSION ? AN INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH AREA ? MENU PLANNING STRATEGY BASED ON ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT ? EVALUATING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF NIGERIAN COMPOSTED WASTES USING LABORATORY EXTRACTION TEST ? IN SITU RADIOFREQUENCY FIELD LEVEL ASSESSMENT IN TWO URBAN AREAS IN ROMANIA: OPEN QUESTIONS TO ELECTROMAGNETIC POLLUTION ? INNOVATIVE SOLUTION FOR WARNING ON HI...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25657

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 4
? POLLUTION PREVENTION, A KEY TO ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY ? A COMPARISON BETWEEN DIFFERENT SCENARIOS OF ROMANIAN MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE TREATMENT BEFORE LANDFILLING ? A STUDY ON ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN ROMANIA ? ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON STRESSED METALLIC SURFACES ? ASPECTS OF HYDRODYNAMICS AND MASS TRANSFER IN DIFFUSED AERATION SYSTEMS ? THE STATUS OF SOME SELECTED HEAVY METALS IN ROADSIDE SOILS OF BURSA PROVINCE, TURKEY ? PREPARATION AND CHARACTERI...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25656

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 6
? RESEARCH ON NaCl SALINE AEROSOLS I. NATURAL AND ARTIFICIAL SOURCES AND THEIR IMPLICATIONS ? DECISION SUPPORT MODELS FOR SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT ? AN OVERVIEW ? POLICY AND STRATEGY FOR IMPROVING SUSTAINABLE SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMMES ? APPLICATION OF SHALLOW POND SYSTEM USING WATER HYACINTH FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE PRESENCE OF HIGH TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS (TDS) AND HEAVY METAL SALTS ? TRENDS OF THE COMMUNITARIAN COHESION POLICIES AND ADVERTISING FOR EC...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25658

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 7
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 7
? MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE LANDFILLING AND TREATMENT OF RESULTING LIQUID EFFLUENTS ? ROMANIA: ENTREPRENEURIAL VALUES AND SUSTAINABILITY ? THE COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH OF WOODEN BRIQUETTES USED AS RENEWABLE FUEL ? ECO-FRIENDLY EXTRACTION AND SEPARATION METHODS OF CAPSAICINES ? ADDRESSING ISSUES OF GEOENVIRONMENTAL RISKS IN DOBRUJA, ROMANIA/BULGARIA ? ADSORPTION OF 2,4-DINITROPHENOL AND 2,6-DINITROPHENOL ONTO ORGANOCLAYS AND INORGANIC-ORGANIC PILLARED CLAYS ? APPLICATION O...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25659

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 8
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 8
? GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SYMMETRICAL CARBONATE FT-IR STUDY ? SINTERED BASALT AS A PROMISING SUSTAINABLE MATERIAL IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ? DESIGN OF BUILDINGS INCLUDING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ? ANALYSIS METHODS FOR PYRAZINE-2,3-DICARBOXYLIC ACID SYNTHESIZED USING ELECTROCHEMICALLY REGENERATED KMnO4 ? RESEARCH ON NaCl SALINE AEROSOLS II. NEW ARTIFICIAL HALOCHAMBER CHARACTERISTICS ? DETERMINATION OF AEROSOLS POLLUTANTS ON MEMBRANES. 1. MEMBRANES PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATIO...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25660

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 9
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 9
? STUDY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM OILSEED PLANTS II. EVALUATION OF BIODISEL PRODUCTION FROM SOME CULTIVARS OF RAPES ? STUDY OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM OILSEED PLANTS I. EVALUATION OF THE GENETIC SIMILARITY OF SOME Brassica Napus CULTIVARS USING RAPD MARKERS ? STRUCTURAL CHARACTERIZATION AND IN VITRO CYTOTOXIC POTENTIAL OF COAL DUST IN A ROMANIAN POWER PLANT ? MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BENGHAZI (LIBYA): CURRENT PRACTICES AND CHALLENGES ? COMPARATIVE ENVIRONM...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25661

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 10
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 10
? AN ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHLOROPHENOLS FROM WASTEWATER ? ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: A PSYCHOLOGICAL-BEHAVIORAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHERS ? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: DYNAMICS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN SOILS CULTIVATED WITH MAIZE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ? SOLAR-ASSISTED JOULE-BRAYTON ENGINES USED TO REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ? STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HEATING SYSTEMS ? MIXED JET-VORTEX METHOD FOR ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25662

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 1
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 1
? COMPACT MICROPULSE BACKSCATTER LIDAR: AIRBORNE AND GROUND-BASED APPLICATIONS ? STUDIES OF THE IMPACT OF AEROSOL OPTICAL PROPERTIES ON CLIMATE CHANGE PROCESSES ? A STUDY OF THE AEROSOL OPTICAL PROPERTIES AT TWO AERONET STATIONS FROM ROMANIA ? COMPLEMENTARY ATMOSPHERIC URBAN POLLUTION STUDIES IN THE NORTH-EAST REGION OF ROMANIA, IASI COUNTY ? ?NGSTR?M TURBIDITY IN THE LOWER LAYERS OF THE TROPOSPHERE ? LIDAR MONITORING OF ANTHROPOGENIC POLLUTION AND NATURAL PHENOMENA ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25665

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 2
? Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 4 ? THE PROTECTION OF EQUIPMENTS USING VOLATILE INHIBITORS ? CONTINUOUS SURFACE TEMPERATURE MONITORING TO ESTIMATE SENSIBLE HEAT LOSS BY BUILDING FINISHES ? RECYCLE OF POLYAMIDE DYEING WASTEWATER FOLLOWING DECOLORIZATION WITH POLYMERIC SORBENTS ? PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF AMINO ACID SALT-BASED COMPLEX ABSORBENTS FOR CO2 CAPTURE ? ADSORPTION EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES ON COPPER (II) IONS REMOVAL BY NATURAL WASTE USIN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25666

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 5
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 5
? HYDROGEL MICROSPHERES BASED ON ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY POLYMERS WITH POTENTIAL BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS ? STUDY ON THE MIXING EFFICIENCY IN A BASKET BIOREACTOR WITH IMMOBILIZED YEASTS CELLS ? MANAGEMENT OF WASTE FROM ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT IN CYPRUS ? A CASE STUDY ? SEPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF ANTHOCYANINS BY ANALYTICAL AND ELECTROCHEMICAL METHODS ? AN INTEGRATED DECISION AID FOR IDENTIFYING AND PRIORITIZING STRATEGIES IN FOREST MANAGEMENT ? INFLUEN...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25668

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 3
? ADSORPTION OF DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING SILVER WOOD SAWDUST CARBON ? TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF THE HEAVY METALS LOADED WASTEWATERS RESULTED FROM CHROMIUM ELECTROPLATING PROCESS ? WATER QUALITY CHARACTERIZATION OF THE PRUT RIVER ? ETHICAL AND SUSTAINABLE EDUCATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERS - BETWEEN REALITY AND HOPE ? INTERACTIONS AMONG CLIMATE, VEGETATION AND SOILS IN RADUCANENI ? IASI AREA ? DISTRIBUTION OF MIXING INTENSITY OF OXYGEN-VECTOR DISPERSIONS IN AERATED...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25669

NUMERICAL SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER IN DIRECTIONAL SOLIDIFICATION PROCESS FOR POLYCRYSTALLINE SILICON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Temperature distribution in the vacuum directional solidification system influenced seriously on the impurities concentration andmicrostructure in Polycrystalline Silicon. In this study, a numerical model for the transient global heat transfer for directionsolidification process has been developed by the finite element method (FEM). A two-dimension numerical simulation fortemperature distribution of directional solidification process was carried out using software Multi-physics Comsol 3.5a. Ther...
Autori: Guoqiang Lv, Wenhui Ma, Hua Wang, Xiangyang Mei, Kuixian Weihttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25671

BACKFILLING TECHNOLOGY OF SUBSTITUTING WASTE AND FLY ASH FOR COAL UNDERGROUND IN CHINA COAL MINING AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
As one of the very few countries using coal as its dominant energy resources, China has the coal production exceeding one thirds of in the world, added to it are the problems of environmental damages and soil resource destructions result from the solid waste, such as mining waste discharged in the process of coal production and fly ash deserted from the electric power plant etc. In this paper, the mineral ingredient of waste and fly ash was tested by X-ray Diffraction. Meanwhile, the deformation...
Autori: Yanli Huang, Jixiong Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Shoujiang Niehttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25677

EFFECT OF MICROBIAL ACTIVITY IN THE RHIZOSPHERE OF WETLAND PLANTS ON REMOVAL OF TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON AND NITROGEN FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Rhizobag incubation experiments were conducted to study microbial biomass carbon (MBC), microbial biomass nitrogen (MBN), soil respiration and enzyme activity (urease and phosphatase) in the rhizosphere soil of three different wetland plants and its influence on the removal of total organic carbon (TOC) and total nitrogen (TN). MBC, MBN, soil respiration and enzyme activity were higher in the rhizosphere than in the non-rhizosphere soil of the wetland plants. Microbial activity in the rhizospher...
Autori: Defu Xu, Hua Fang, Xianghua Xu, Xiaoli Zhao, Yingxue Lihttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25679

ELECTROCHEMICAL TREATMENT OF MUSTARD WASTEWATER USING CARBON PAPER ELECTRODE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Treatment of mustard wastewater with high salinity and organic concentration by electrochemical degradation was studied. The influence of the critical parameters of electro-oxidation such as pH, current density, salt concentration and energy consumption on the removal efficiency of COD and NH3-N was studied using porous carbon electrode. It was found that the COD and NH3-N removal efficiency could be enhanced by increasing pH, current density and salt concentration. The current density of 0.032A...
Autori: Hainan Ai, Qiang He, Hongxiang Chai, Xuebin Hu, Tengrui Longhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25685

INFLUENCE OF DISINFECTION WITH CHLORINE DIOXIDE ON DISSOLVED ORGANIC MATTER AND BIOLOGICAL TOXICITY OF URBAN WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Chlorine dioxide (ClO2) is widely used as disinfectant in tertiary sewage treatment process. In order to identify the impact of disinfection with ClO2 on treated water quality, secondary effluent pretreated by coagulation was disinfected by ClO2, and the characteristic of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and the biological toxicity of the water before and after disinfection were investigated. The results showed that ClO2 could remove part of DOM and the removal rate of hydrophobic (HO) component b...
Autori: Lihua Cheng, Xuejun Bi, Aihua He, Changqing Liu, Qi Wang, Zuliang Liaohttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25692

RESEARCH OF MEMBRANE FOULING PERFORMANCE IN A SUBMERGED DOUBLE-SHAFT ROTARY ANAEROBIC MEMBRANE BIOREACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Considering the membrane fouling problem in submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors, a set of submerged double-shaft rotary anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SDRAnMBR) was constructed by applying a double-shaft rotary module to submerged anaerobic bioreactor, and the theoretic analysis of the characteristics of hydraulics dynamics in SDRAnMBR has been performed. The membrane fouling performance for treatment of synthetic brewery wastewater was investigated by SDRAnMBR. The results of a theoretical...
Autori: Ling Bai, Chao Liu, Weiguang Lanhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25694

PERFORMANCE OF MEMBRANE BIOREACTOR (MBR) PROCESS TREATING WASTEWATER CONTAINING DIFFERENT CONTENT OF SEAWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
A submerged membrane bioreactor (MBR) was employed to treat wastewater containing different content of seawater in this work. During the process, the operating conditions were as follows: COD was 800-1000 mg/L, ammonium-N was 80-100 mg/L, pH was 7.5-8.5, mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) was around 7000 mg/L, dissolved oxygen (DO) was 2-4 mg/L. The results showed that the ammonium-N removal was better than COD removal. Sludge settling property was good in saline wastewater treatment, and the ...
Autori: Jin Li, Deshuang Yu, Dan Wanghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25697

DEVELOPMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT PRACTICES IN DIFFERENT GEOGRAPHICAL UNITS AND URBAN SYSTEMS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
On the basis of spot investigation of dozens of cities and hundreds of towns and villages in different regions in China, combining with the fundamental methods of municipal solid waste management (MSWM), three development modes of MSWM were proposed according to the land area, economic level, nature condition and population distribution of various geographical units and urban systems. They were respectively for the city/district system, the city/town (district)/village system and the city/ count...
Autori: Haibin Chen, Li Zhang, Jingcheng Zhou, Yang Huhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25707

INFLUENCE OF FERRIC IRON CONTENT ON THE TREATMENT EFFICIENCY OF PRINTING AND DYEING WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Adding ferric or bio-ferric agent is method to improve membrane fouling and prolong membrane life.This paper analyses the influence of ferric content on treatment effect of printing and dyeing wastewater, through examining the change of COD and dyestuff content in supernatant with the change of ferric content in sludge and in supernatant. COD in supernatant is reduced with increase of ferric content in sludge, and the dyestuff content in supernatant is reversed, which might be due to the adsorpt...
Autori: Shifeng Ji, Chunmei Gao, Hong Yang, Ming Chu, Chunfeng Wanghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25711

CHARACTERISTICS OF COALBED PRODUCED WATER IN THE PROCESS OF COALBED METHANE DEVELOPMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Chemical composition data of coalbed produced water can provide information to determine the water sources, understand the evolution, select appropriate treatment processes and increase the utilization efficiency of water resources. Based on methods of hydrogeology, water chemistry and environmental chemistry, the characters of coalbed produced water in the Powder River Basin in the USA and Qinshui Basin in China have been analyzed. Conclusions have been drawn as follows: (1) The coalbed produce...
Autori: Guang Xu, Li Tong, Mei Yang, Yi-wen Juhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25715

PHOTODEGRADATION PROCESSES FOR ADVANCED TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The textile industry uses high quantities of water which in many cases are disposed to the environment with inadequate treatment.In this work the effluents from the polyamide textile industry containing Bemacid Gelb, Bemacid Rot and Bemacid Blau weretreated by heterogeneous photodegradation. Treatment performances have been evaluated in terms of conductivity, turbidity, totaldissolved solids (TSD), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC), biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5...
Autori: Luminita Andronic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25720

PREDICTION OF TiO2 AND WO3 NANOPOWDERS SURFACE CHARGE BY THE EVALUATION OF POINT OF ZERO CHARGE (PZC)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:Point of zero charge (PZC) is defined as the condition at which the surface charge density of a material equals to zero and, formost of the solids it is strongly pH dependent. The PZC can be controlled by tuning the solid surface properties (crystallinestructure, morphology) and by a proper environment control, thus it is important to evaluate the PZC for a certain type of material,in given working conditions, for enhancing the efficiency in the targeted application (e.g. layer by layer...
Autori: Laura Maria Bertus, Radu Adrian Carcel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25721

DETERMINATION OF AROMATIC VOLATILE COMPOUNDS IN PETROCHEMICAL WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:A method based on headspace and capillary gas chromatography with flame ionization detector technique was validated for thesimultaneous determination of five individual aromatic volatile pollutants: benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, m/p-xylene and oxylene.The validation took in consideration liniarity, accuracy, precision, limit of detection, limit of quantification anduncertainty estimation criteria and concluded that the proposed method is suitable to determine the pollutants of interes...
Autori: Camelia Draghici, Elena Paunescu, Elisabeta Chirilă, Gabriela Stanciu, Simona Dobrinas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25729

TECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF REED AS BIOMASS FOR BRIQUETTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:In this paper the study on the possibilities of converting chopped reed stalk biomass into briquettes is described, in the conditions of harvesting water reed plant from Danube Delta region in winter time and based on briquetting technology used for wood waste from production. The water reed tested in the research has been harvested from Tulcea reed bed, one of the largest in Romania, chopped in a veneer drum chipper and compacted into the hydraulic briquette machine. The paper focuses ...
Autori: Aurel Lunguleasa, Camelia Coşereanu, Constantin - Radu Gheorghiu, Dumitru Lica, Gavril Budău
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25734

SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION TOOLS FOR THE STABILIZATION OF THE WASTE-BED TEMPERATURE WITHIN A WASTE-TO-ENERGY PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:Incineration plants are used since the beginning of the twentieth century to transform the mixed municipal waste into thermalenergy and to convert the hazardous components of waste into harmless compounds. To minimize the environmental pollutionand maximize the energy efficiency of the produced energy, the control of the complex processes that occur into the waste toenergy conversion is of major importance. In this work, the system identification approach is used to determine the dynami...
Autori: Adrian Danila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25739

REUSE OF PET WASTE AS THERMOPLASTIC COMPOSITES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:Composite manufacturing from plastic wastes of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) type, sand-blasting represents a materialrecovery of the wastes. This process can be achieved, with the purpose of reducing the material consumption which is in deficit,production costs, and the duration of the technological processes.Thermoplastics composites obtained by a melting process at 170-200 oC, wastes incorporation and solidification in forms replacesuccessfully the thermo rigid composites obtained...
Autori: Ioan Ropotă, Marcela Muntean, Mihai Bratu, Ovidiu Dumitrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25741

INFLUENCE OF PRECURSOR COMPOSITION ON OPTOELECTRIC AND PHOTOCATALYTIC PROPERTIES OF TIO2 AND WO3 FILMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The paper presents the influence of different WO3:TiO2 ratios on the photocatalytic and photoelectrolytic properties of the films.The investigations are focused on the morphological (Atomic Force Microscopy, Contact angle), compositional (X-raydiffraction), optoelectric (conductivity, photocurrent) and photocatalytic properties of titanium dioxide films mixed with tungstenoxide. The most important application of these layers is in wastewater purification and hydrogen production using ap...
Autori: Alexandru Enesca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25743

REMOVAL OF METHYL ORANGE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYES FROM WASTEWATER USING SAWDUST AND SAWDUST-FLY ASH AS SORBENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:Methyl orange and methylen blue are two dyes resulted from the textile industry. They are not raising just esthetical problems, butthey are toxic and hence harmful to aquatic animals. The aim of this study is to test the capacity of three types of sawdust (oak,willow and white poplar) and mixed substrates, sawdust: fly ash (FA), to remove the methyl orange (MO) and methylen blue(MB) from wastewater. The influence of contact time, solution pH and initial concentration of dyes on the blea...
Autori: Anca Duta, Dora Lucaci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25752

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC STRING WITH TRACKING MECHANISM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:The paper presents a method to improve the efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) string by employing a mono-axis trackingmechanism. The tracking system was optimized so that it has minimum energy consumption during tracking. The PV stringsimultaneously changes the daily position using a linear actuator which transmits the motion to all modules by a rack-pinion gearmechanism. The system is designed in virtual prototyping concept with the following software solutions: for the solid modeling -...
Autori: Cătălin Alexandru, Nicoleta-Irina Tatu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25766

COMPARATIVE HEAVY METALS AND DYES REMOVAL EFFICIENCY ON FLY ASH AND WOOD ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:Ash is a waste that can be an efficient substrate in wastewater treatment for the immobilization of heavy metals and for dyesremoval. For an up-scalable wastewater treatment process, efficient substrates, with relatively constant behavior are needed andmodifying the adsorbent surface can be a feasible solution. Fly ash, resulted from coal burning, and wood ash are mixtures mainlycontaining metal oxides and carbon in various proportion, depending on the initial raw material.The paper pre...
Autori: Maria Visa, Mihaela Nacu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25771

REDUCING THE VOLUME OF WASTE BY COMPOSTING VEGETABLE WASTE, SEWAGE SLUDGE AND SAWDUST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:Our research was focused on developing some new procedures to reduce the biodegradable wastes by composting. The aim of thisstudy was to obtain and asses at laboratory scale the maturity of three compost samples of different proportion of vegetable waste,beech sawdust and sewage sludge by analyzing their FT-IR spectra and C/N ratio. The composting process was monitored by testsperformed weekly on the three samples in order to investigate the physical parameters (pH and electroconductivi...
Autori: Anca Sauciuc, Claudia Zaha, Ileana Manciulea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25772

STUDIES ON ADSORPTION AND BIODEGRADATION OF CHROMIUMCONTAINING WASTEWATER BY LABORATORY-SCALE SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR-POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The study involved investigating the effects of Cr(III) and the efficacy of powdered activated carbon (PAC) in reducing theinhibitory effects of Cr(III) on activated sludge under sequencing batch reactor (SBR) operation. The addition of Cr(III) into SBRsystem caused significant inhibitory effects on the activity of activated sludge as indicated by drastic drop in specific oxygenuptake rate (SOUR). The increase of Cr(III) concentration from 5 to 10 mg/L further deteriorated the treatment...
Autori: Eiichi Toorisaka, Makoto Hirata, Soon-An Ong, Tadashi Hano
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25773

OPTIMIZATION OF PHOTO-CATALYTIC PROCESS BY TiO2 NANO POWDER IMMOBILIZED ON CONCRETE SURFACE FOR TREATMENT OF PHENOLIC WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:In this paper, photo-catalytic process for treatment of phenolic wastewater by TiO2 nano powder immobilized on concrete surfacein a recirculation hydraulic flow was investigated. The process affected by different operational conditions that the optimum onescould be obtained from variables interchange. Taguchi method as a proper method for design of experiments and optimizationwas used to find optimum conditions. Selected five parameters at four levels were consists of initial phenol con...
Autori: Bita Ayati, Hossein Ganjidoust, Mohammad Delnavaz, Sohrab Sanjabi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25778

ECONOMIC AND CONSTRUCTION ANALYSIS OF LIGHTWEIGHT MEMBRANES IN HOUSING IN TEMPERATE CLIMATES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:Lightweight materials are more viable for use in invariably hot or cold climates than in temperate climates. However, it is possibleto use lightweight construction systems and specifically membranes even in housing buildings in temperate climate areas, if theirproperties are well explored, allowing better environmental performance and cost effectiveness than conventional solutions. In theouter skin and in dividing elements, architectural membranes can be used as thermal regulators, for ...
Autori: António Pedro Reis, Joăo Pedro Couto, Paulo Mendonça
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25781

EXTENSION OF ACTIVATED SLUDGE MODEL NO 1 WITH TWO-STEP NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION PROCESSES FOR OPERATION IMPROVEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The present paper presents an enhanced Activated Sludge Model No. 1 in which nitrification and denitrification are modelled astwo-step processes. The nitrification process is considered as a sequence of two steps carried out by two distinct genera ofbacteria, with nitrite as an intermediate product. For the denitrification process a parallel approach was used that considers nitrateand nitrite to be directly reduced to molecular nitrogen. The new model is compared to the original Activat...
Autori: George Simion Ostace, Paul Şerban Agachi, Vasile Mircea Cristea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25786

SYNTHESIS OF NEW CATALYSTS BY INSERTION OF Co AND Cu IN THE MATRIX OF HYDROTALCITE-LIKE MATERIALS FOR CINNAMALDEHYDE HYDROGENATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:This study is focused on the influence of Co and Cu ions located in Zn/Ni/Al matrix on the structural, textural and catalyticproperties of layered double hydroxides (LDHs). The samples were prepared by co-precipitation (Ni2+/Co2+(Cu2+)=0.25;M2+/M3+=2)) at low super-saturation and afterwards characterized by XRD, nitrogen physisorption, thermogravimetry, FT-IR, DRUV-Vis and TPR. The XRD results show that the resulted solids are well crystallized and contain only pure phases of LDHs.Also,...
Autori: Adrian Ungureanu, Alexandru Chirieac, Brindusa Dragoi, Emil Dumitriu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25789

POST TREATMENT OF POULTRY SLAUGHTERHOUSE WASTEWATER AND APPRAISAL OF THE ECONOMIC OUTCOME
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Recovery of residual ammonium nitrogen (NH4+-N) from dissolved air flotation (DAF) pretreated poultry slaughterhouse wastewater was studied by means of magnesium ammonium phosphate hexahydrate (MgNH4PO4.6H2O, MAP) precipitation in a lab-scale batch study. The maximum recovery values were obtained as 80.2%, 97.1% and 53.6% with the addition of MgCl2.6H2O + KH2PO4, NaH2PO4.2H2O + MgSO4.7H2O, and MgOHCO3 + 85% H3PO4 at pH 9.5, respectively. Based on the physicochemical findings, subsequent...
Autori: Aylin Gunay, Idil Ozis, Ilter Turkdogan-Aydinol, Kaan Yetilmezsoy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25797

REMOVAL OF Cd (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION ONTO COIR PITH, AN AGRICULTURAL SOLID WASTE: BATCH EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Coconut coir pith, an agricultural solid waste was used for the sorption of Cd (II) from aqueous solution in batch mode. Parameters like contact time, adsorbent dosage and pH effect were studied. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to model the adsorption equilibrium data and the system followed both the isotherms. Cd (II) adsorption capacity of coir pith was found to be 18.72 mg/g. Kinetic parameters of adsorption such as the Langergren pseudo-first-order, pseudo second order r...
Autori: Nagendra Badabhagni, Puthiya Veetil Nidheesh, Rajan Gandhimathi, Srikrishnaperumal Thanga Ramesh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25800

ANALYTICAL CONTROL OF SOIL AND GROUND WATER QUALITY ON A NORTHERN ROMANIAN LANDFILL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:This paper evaluates the efficiency of some technical depollution actions applied on a Northern Romanian landfill of solid municipal wastes, that provides ca 128 000 inhabitants and 171 economic companies, considering a great variety of specific physicochemical quality indicators for soil (8 indicators) and ground waters (34 indicators). The environmental status of the landfill was previously studied in 2004, through periodic analytical control of ground water (4 observation drilling we...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Daniela Suteu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25803

ELECTROCHEMICAL DECOLORIZATION TREATMENT OF NICKEL PHTHALOCYANINE REACTIVE DYE WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract: In this study, decolorization and degradation of aqueous nickel phthalocyanine reactive dye solutions was comparatively studied by electrochemical methods, such as electrocoagulation, electrooxidation and electro-Fenton processes. In the electrocoagulation process with aluminum electrodes the colored aqueous solutions containing 100 mg/L nickel phthalocyanine and 6 g/L NaCl were treated at initial pH 7.5 and applied current densities of 5, 10 and 20 mA/cm2, where fast and 100% decolori...
Autori: Achilleas Christoforidis, Dimitrios Marmanis, Evgenia Valsamidou, Konstantinos Dermentzis, Konstantinos Ouzounis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25804

USE OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR PREDICTION OF COAGULATION/FLOCCULATION PROCESS BY PAC IN WATER TREATMENT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The paper presents the results of a study carried out using the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for prediction the coagulation/flocculation process of suspended solids in water treatment plant (WTP). In this research 5 kinds of Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) as coagulant were used to examine the impact of coagulant kinds, PAC dosage and influent turbidity for removal of suspended solids. Determination of optimal coagulant doses is vital, as insufficient dosing will result in undesirable t...
Autori: Gagik Badalians Gholikandi, Mohammad Delnavaz, Reza Riahi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25806

IMMOBILIZATION OF CONIDIOBOLUS CORONATUS ALKALINE PROTEASE ON WASTE FUNGAL BIOMASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Alkaline protease from Conidiobolus coronatus which is optimally active at pH 10 and 40°C finds application in leather and detergent industries as well as for recovery of silver from waste photographic films. The protease was immobilized in Ca-alginate, polyacrylamide gel and alkali treated waste fungal biomass (ATWFB). ATWFB was found to be most suitable among the matrices tested. Glutaraldehyde marginally increased the binding to ATWFB. Binding of protease to ATWFB seems to be through...
Autori: Ryali Seeta Laxman, Shiv Shankar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25807

WASTE CHARACTERIZATION AND WASTE MANAGEMENT PERCEPTION IN RURAL COMMUNITIES IN MEXICO: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The insufficient waste collection service and scarcity of studies about municipal solid waste (MSW) generation in rural communities from developing countries has negatively influenced how MSW is managed by residents and authorities. This has brought about pollution and affected the quality of life of the residents from those communities. This study aims to determine the quantity and type of household waste generated, as well as to know the perception of the community on MSW management i...
Autori: Carolina Armijo, Paul Taboada-González, Quetzalli Aguilar-Virgen, Sara Ojeda-Benítez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25810

LEAD (II) BIOSORPTION BY A METAL TOLERANT STREPTOMYCES STRAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The aim of the present study is the optimization of biosorption conditions using a metal tolerant actinomycete (strain 723) for the removal of lead ions from waste water in batch and dynamic flow mode. The optimum conditions for lead biosorption by the strain were determined as initial pH 3.0, biomass amount 2.0 g L-1, and initial metal concentration 400 mg L-1 in the batch condition. The maximum lead biosorption performance was obtained with a 19 mm diameter column, a 1 mL min-1 flow r...
Autori: Ayşe Betül Karaduman, Maria Julia Amoroso, Mustafa Yamaç, Sergio Antonio Cuozzo, Zerrin Pat
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25811

RISK OF EXPOSURE TO ASBESTOS IN CASE OF THE MECHANICAL DEGRADATION OF SOME ASBOCEMENT COMPOSITES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The hereby article presents a part of the results of the research made by the author during his PhD degree preparation with respect to asbestos and plastics wastes recycling in the form of composite with polymeric matrix, respectively the toxicological tests performed on the new product. In this respect, three categories of tests were made based on complex and modern analysis methodologies, with high results accuracy: spectral analysis of the wear wastes, morphological analysis of the w...
Autori: Cristina Corpodean, Silvian Ionescu, Valeriu Deac
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25812

MONITORING AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING – IMPORTANT TOOLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Analysis and debates of the scientific world and regional/local communities led to the conclusion that environmental problems are a global priority. European Union requested Member States the implementation of the Framework Directive specific for each environmental factor. In this context, Romania has pledged to achieve „good ecological status of water bodiesâ€? by the year 2015. The paper deals with the water quality monitoring of the Upper Olt River and the mathematical modeling of ...
Autori: Gabriel-Oreste Sumbasacu, Nicolai Sîrbu, Virgil Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25813

INVESTIGATION OF DRINKING WATER QUALITY CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION NETWORK OF IASI CITY BY MEANS OF AN ON-LINE MONITORING SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Drinking water produced in water treatment plants almost invariably fulfils the water quality requirements set, for example by the European Union Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC (EU DWD) and national legislation. However, EU DWD requires that water quality should also meet the requirements at the consumers’ tap. The quality of drinking water changes due to the transportation through the distribution networks and the time spent in the reservoirs until the last point of consumption. W...
Autori: , Ioana Gabriela Dascalescu, Maria Cohl
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25814

A STATISTICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
Environment and sustainability are key issues for the policy maker. A policy should be first designed and realistically inserted in its proper context (regional, national, European) in order to be correctly assessed. After that, suitable models need to be chosen consistently with the policy context and with the evaluation purpose, to make easier the policy maker task. The aim of this paper is twofold. Firstly, to propose a Statistical Information System (SIS) approach in order to correctly write...
Autori: Giorgio Garau, Giovanni Mandras, Lucia Schirru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25827

HSLA STEEL AND CAST IRON CORROSION IN NATURAL SEAWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
The corrosion products of high strength low-alloyed steel and of cast iron, maintained a prolonged period in natural seawater, were analyzed. A part of the corrosion products are soluble compounds of divalent and trivalent iron, the iron dissolution being accelerated when divalent ions are formed and in the case of the aerated seawater. The solid corrosion product formed during corrosion in seawater is principally oxy-hydroxide (FeOOH), but were identified small quantities of Fe2O3, Fe3O4 and so...
Autori: Daniel Mareci, Maria Lungu, Nicanor Cimpoeşu, Nicolae Aelenei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25832

COMBINED OXIDATION AND ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESSES FOR THE REMOVAL OF PRIORITY ORGANIC POLLUTANTS FROM WASTEWATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
This paper presents a study on the integration of two advanced treatment processes for the removal of priority organic processes from wastewaters: catalytic oxidation (Fenton homogenous process) followed by ultrafiltration. The aim of this study was to assess the removal efficiency for 4-chlorophenol (used as model pollutant), as well as the decrease in effluent toxicity in various processes conditions. The experiments have mainly focused on studying the effect of the oxidant dose of the catalyt...
Autori: , Cezar Catrinescu, Corina Petronela Musteret, Daniela Arsene, George Barjoveanu, Petru Apopei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25834

EVALUATING THE CLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE HYDROLOGICAL FLOW REGIME OF THE MOLDAVIAN AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
Increased intensity of precipitation events in a future climate provide result in a number of regions with improved, more detailed models. Many mathematical models include this part of hydrological cycle with implications regarding the climatic changes. The case study shows aspects regarding the climatic changes and its impact on designing the hydraulic structures and the hydrotechnical constructions behaviour in the case of extreme hydro-meteorological phenomena....
Autori: Catrinel-Raluca Giurma-Handley, Ioan Crăciun, Ion Giurma, , Valentin Boboc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25836

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal 10/12
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
� SUSTAINABILITY IN ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION � EVALUATING THE CLIMATIC CHANGES IN THE HYDROLOGICAL FLOW REGIME OF THE MOLDAVIAN AREAS � ENSURING ECONOMICAL AND FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY: STATE FISCAL CONTROL - A WAY TO PREVENT AND REDUCE TAX AVOIDANCE � COMBINED OXIDATION AND ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESSES FOR THE REMOVAL OF PRIORITY ORGANIC POLLUTANTS FROM WASTEWATERS � THE FREE LEVEL UNIFORM POST-DARCY FILTRATION THROUGH A SPHERE-MADE HOMOGENOUS MEDIUM � HSLA ST...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25838

ACTIVATED SLUDGE FLOC CHARACTERIZATION BY CONFOCAL LASER SCANNING MICROSCOPY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 3
The aim of this work is the study of activated sludge floc samples stained with different dyes and imaged by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM). Activated sludge flocs were stained for lipids, sugars and esterase enzyme producing bacteria. Images were acquired for different samples to analyze the structural characteristics of the bioaggregates. The analysis of the CLSM images allowed for the localization and estimation of the quantity of different build-up materials. The 3-D reconstructio...
Autori: Bela Abraham, Botond Raduly, Dan Niculae Robescu, Szabolcs Lanyi, Szabolcs Szilveszter, Szilard Bucs
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25937

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN WASTEWATER SEWERAGE SYSTEM FROM THE CLUJ-NAPOCA AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are by-products of petrol transformation; a report prepared by ICON, London, United Kingdom in 2001, showed that the principal sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in wastewater are domestic usage, storm runoff and commercial effluent. This work presents the results on 14 commonly occurring and/or highly carcinogenic PAH compounds listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the European Union. Wastewater sa...
Autori: Dumitru Ristoiu, Edward Muntean, Livia Alhafez, Nicoleta Muntean, Radu Mihaiescu, Tania Mihaiescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25847

REMOVAL OF Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS ENVIRONMENT USING PEAT MOSS: EQUILIBRIUM STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum peat moss was investigated in batch experiments as a function of solution pH and initial Cr (VI) concentration. The highest removal percentage (R=99%) was obtained at pH = 1, in solutions of 20.8 mg Cr (VI)/L. In order to establish the mechanism of the removal process, Cr (VI) and total Cr (Cr (VI) + Cr (III)) in residual solutions was analyzed. The Cr (VI) removal by the peat moss at low pH is governed by two processes – electrostatic ...
Autori: Catalin Balan, Doina Bilba, Irina Volf, Matei Macoveanu, Petru Bulai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25849

PHYSICOCHEMICAL AND RHEOLOGICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF COMPLEX COAGULANTS DERIVED FROM WEAK AND MEDIUM ANIONIC POLYMERS AND MEDIUM CATIONIC SURFACTANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper presents the physicochemical and rheological properties of some complex coagulants derived from the weak and medium anionic polymers and medium cationic surfactant in order to evaluate the opportunity to use them in destabilizing and removing the colloidal systems from water and wastewater. In this respect, weak anionic and medium anionic copolymers of acrylamide and sodium acrylate with commercial names of Preastol 2515 and Preastol 2540, and a medium cationic surfactant derived from...
Autori: Constantin Bobirică, Gabriel Dabija, Liliana Bobirica, Mihaela Mihai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25850

PHYSICO-CHEMICAL CHARACTERISTICS AND DYNAMICS OF THE WELLS WATER IN GALATI COUNTY (ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The availability of good quality water is an indispensable condition for preventing diseases and improving the quality of life. Water is one of the most important renewable resources, which must be prevented from deterioration in quality. Various physicochemical parameters like pH, alkalinity, total hardness, total dissolved solids, calcium, magnesium, nitrate, have a significant role in determining the potability of drinking water. In this study, samples were collected from wells situated in vi...
Autori: Maria Cioroi, Mirela Praisler
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25853

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PULP AND PAPER MILLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The paper aims to present the environmental impact of pulp and paper manufacturing and the most important production and control practices to minimizing this impact. The environmental consequences of manufacturing pulp and paper from pulping and bleaching processes are discussed in qualitative and quantitative terms. In these processes, sulfur compounds and nitrogen oxides are emitted to the air, and chlorinated and organic compounds and nutrients are discharged to the wastewaters. Large quantit...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel, Dan Gavrilescu, Gheorghe Dutuc, Grigore Craciun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25857

ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PACKAGING PAPER PRODUCTION BASED ON RECYCLED FIBRE RAW MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper is part of LCA studies performed in the frame of FP7 project �Recovered Paper Sorting by Innovative Technologies - SORT IT�. It analysis the results obtained by Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) of the reference case for recycled packaging paper manufacturing (current sorting technology), which will constitute a comparison base for new sorting technology developed in SORT IT project. The main stages considered in the life cycle were: recovered paper (RP) transport from collectio...
Autori: Alina Iosip, Antonio Dobon, Elena Bobu, Mercedes Hortal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25860

MICROWAVE-ASSISTED HYDROTHERMAL SYNTHESIS OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS BASED ON ZEOLITE-TiO2 NANOCRYSTALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 3
The composite materials based on natural zeolite and undoped and N-doped TiO2, i.e., Z-Na-TiO2 and Z-Na-TiO2-N, were successfully synthesized by solid-state reaction in microwave-assisted hydrothermal conditions. Undoped TiO2 and N-doped TiO2 nanocrystals were previously synthesized by sol-gel method. The X-rays diffraction results of TiO2 nanocrystals indicated that anatase TiO2 is the dominant crystalline type. The composite materials were structural and morphological characterized by X-ray di...
Autori: Cornelia Bandas (Ratiu), Carmen Lazau, Paula Sfirloaga, Florica Manea, Rodica Pode
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25911

A NEW PHOTO-FENTON PROCEDURE APPLIED IN OXIDATIVE DEGRADATION OF ORGANIC COMPOUNDS FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper presents a new photo-Fenton procedure applied in oxidative degradation of organic pollutants using 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) as low biodegradable testing compound. The homogeneous photo-Fenton process was modified by using a photo-catalytic reactor equipped with a steel wire mesh which acts as source for Fe2+ catalyst generation into reaction medium and as heterogeneous catalyst, by iron oxy-hydroxyl compounds formation on the surface. The oxidation process was evaluated by measuring the ...
Autori: Adina-Elena Segneanu, Cristina Orbeci, Ion Untea, Mihaela Emanuela Craciun, Rodica Stanescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25864

EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT CONTROL STRATEGIES OF THE WASTE WATER TREATMENT PLANT BASED ON A MODIFIED ACTIVATED SLUDGE MODEL NO. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The first part of this work presents the development and implementation in the Benchmark Simulation Model No 1 (BSM1) of a modified Activated Sludge Model No 3 (ASM3). The enhanced ASM3 presented in this study has three modifications compared to the original ASM3. The first modification is the representation of the simultaneous heterotrophic biomass growth on the primary substrate and on the internal storage products. Second, nitrification is modeled as a two-step process with nitrite as an inte...
Autori: George Simion Ostace, Paul Şerban Agachi, Vasile Mircea Cristea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25865

REMOVAL OF Cd(II) IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY RETENTION ON PINE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Among the different types of waste products tested, the bark of different Pinus species have been identified as a promising class of low- cost sorbents for heavy metal binding. In this context, the potential of Romanian pine bark wastes as green and economical sorbent for cadmium (II) ions removal from aqueous solutions has been tested in batch conditions as function of initial pH, contact time, sorbent dose, metal ion concentration and temperature. The equilibrium data at three different temper...
Autori: Anca Miron, Brindusa Robu, Carmen Paduraru, Lavinia Tofan, Roxana Laura Mihailescu Amalinei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25871

MONITORING AND ASSESSMENT OF HERBICIDES REMOVAL BY INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Herbicides industry is a large consumer of water, as well as a major wastewater generator, its effluents contain priority organic pollutants in very high concentrations which have severe effects on human health and on the environment due to their toxicity and bio-recalcitrant nature, persistence in the environment and bioaccumulation. A vast number of herbicides and other priority organic pollutants have been found in wastewater effluents, surface water, and drinking water around the world. The ...
Autori: Bianca Weinberg,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25874

THERMAL STABILITY AND SURFACE STRUCTURE OF SnO2-CeO2 IMPREGNATED CATALYSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Newly prepared SnO2-CeO2 catalyst samples used as depollution catalysts were characterized applying low-temperature nitrogen adsorption (BET), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermo-gravimetry (TG-dTG) and temperature-programmed reduction (TPR) methods. Pure SnO2 has higher surface area (17 m2/g) than the pure CeO2 (8 m2/g). Addition of organic tin oxide precursor to ceria in amount of 5 wt% slightly decreases the surface area of CeO2 (SSn5-Ce= 7 m2/g). The increase of tin oxide content to 10 and 20 wt...
Autori: , Anca Vasile, , Cristian Hornoiu, Jozsef Kovacs, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Veronica Bratan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25875

INTEGRATED ULTRASONICATION-ULTRAFILTRATION PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF TEXTILE EFFLUENTS: ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Nowadays, advanced wastewater treatment has become a stringent step for the removal of priority organic pollutants and many technologies have been proposed in order to achieve effluents with a superior quality for recycling or reuse purposes. This research is focused on the possibilities of using an integrated process, comprising 2 stages: the advanced oxidation process of ultrasonication and a membrane separation process, ultrafiltration. The main objective of the study is to assess the efficie...
Autori: , Daniela Cailean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25880

WATER POLLUTION REDUCTION BY USING NEW PREMETALATED DYES IN DYEING WOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
2This study shows the dyeing behaviour and impact over the wastewaters quality resulted from dyeing wool fibres, of a new synthesized premetalated dyes, derived from new acid dye, sodium(E)-2 –((1-amino-4-sulphonatonaphthalen-2-yl)diazenyl)-6- methoxybenzo[d]thiazole- 5 or 7 –sulphonate, as a result of interaction with Ni(II) and Zn(II) ions. In order to characterize the complexed dyes they were studied in both phase: solution and solid phase. The dyeing performances assessment and the envir...
Autori: Ion Sandu, Laura Chirila, Maria Marcela Tarlea, Romen Butnaru, Viorica Vasilache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25886

NEW TECHNIQUE FOR SPEEDING UP THE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SIMULATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The Landra Wastewater Treatment Expert System is developed by the University of Pannonia (Hungary, Veszpr?©m). The flexible, simulation-based software provides the possibility to choose the built-in mathematical models or the user may create a new one arbitrarily. A customized program codes can be created according to the technological description, the input data and the control strategy provided by the user. This way the efficiency and reliability of the system is significantly enhanced. An imp...
Autori: , Endre Domokos, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Viola Somogyi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25888

ASSESSING IMPACTS OF TRIAZINE PESTICIDES USE IN AGRICULTURE OVER THE WELL WATER QUALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The herbicide use can be seen as an auxiliary path for new farming methods, providing more advantageous farming and land use capabilities and increasing crop yields. Some of them are quickly degraded but others persist in the environmental compartments being toxic for human health and the environment.The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of some triazine herbicides from agricultural sources on quality of well and surface water, in two regions of Romania with different agricultural act...
Autori: Andreea Dragus, Mihail Simion Beldean-Galea, Radu Mihaiescu, Tania Mihaiescu, Dumitru Ristoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25889

ANALYSIS AND MANAGEMENT OF SPECIFIC PROCESSES FROM ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND PROTECTION BASED ON SUSTAINABILITY INDICATORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
This paper describes the scientific framework established within doctoral and postdoctoral programs designed to contribute to a thorough understanding of the specific processes involved in environmental engineering and protection, as to improve the environmental management and performance in an efficient and sustainable way. A coherent conceptual framework is developed for the analysis and management of some specific approaches in engineering and environmental protection (pollution phenomena, de...
Autori: Cristina Ghinea, Daniela Tudorache Fertu, Isabela Maria Simion, Laura Carmen Apostol, Mădălina Petraru, Maria Emiliana Fortuna, Maria Gavrilescu, Petronela Cozma, Raluca Maria Hlihor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25891

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF BUCHAREST METROPOLITAN AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The concept of collaborative management is considered to be one of the most efficient instruments for sustainable development of some areas, which are under anthropic pressure due to the production of solid waste. The paper stands for the necessity of promoting a collaborative management among the main actors involved in an efficient and sustainable urban solid waste management, in the metropolitan area of Bucharest. The present management is mainly based on the strictly economic vision of manag...
Autori: Andrei Schvab, Daniela Zamfir, Gabriel Pascariu, Ioan Ianoş, Loreta Cercleux, Valentina Stoica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25893

STUDIES ON THE BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER STREAMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Two experimental periods have been undertaken to investigate the biodegradability of sewage streams (mainly regarding the organic substances) produced by a gas cartridge production, filling and distribution company. A sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was used for the laboratory examinations launched with municipal sewage sludge with a concentration of approx. 3 g MLSS/L. The various conditions in the reactors followed each other cyclically (fill, anoxic, aerobic, settle, draw) three times a day. T...
Autori: Bence Fazekas, Karoly Reich, Krisztian Varga, Viktoria Pitas, Viola Somogyi, Zsuzsanna Banyai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25902

ENHANCEMENT OF PHENOL OXIDATION BY OZONE IN WASTEWATER. II: KINETIC MODELING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Four processes have been used to enhance the ozonation of phenol in water: I-pH increasing (O3-pH), II- hydrogen peroxide addition (O3- H2O2), III- UV irradiation (O3- UV), and in the presence of both H2O2 and UV; IV-(O3- UV- H2O2). In each of these processes the rate of phenol degradation has two components: direct and indirect....
Autori: Eszter Arany, Ildiko Bartalis, Ilie Siminiceanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25904

EFFECT OF AERATION RATE ON DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT USING AN INTERMITTENTLY AERATED SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR (IASBR) TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
Abstract Effects of the aeration rate on nutrient removal from synthetic domestic wastewater using an intermittently aerated sequencing batch reactor (IASBR) were studied at ambient temperature. Two aeration rates, 0.8 and 1 L air/min, were studied. At the aeration-rate of 0.8 L air/min, removals of COD, NH4+-N, total nitrogen (TN) and PO43--P were 84%, 96%, 75% and 99%, respectively. At the aeration rate of 1 L air/min, removals of COD, NH4+-N, TN and PO43--P were 90%, 99%, 70% and 66%, re...
Autori: Liam G. Henry, Liwen Xiao, Xinmin Zhan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25941

ENHANCED NITROGEN REMOVAL FROM REJECT WATER OF MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS USING A NOVEL EXCESS ACTIVATED SLUDGE (EAS) BASED NITRIFICATION AND DENITRIFICATION PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractIn this study, a novel excess activated sludge (EAS) based nitrification and denitrification process was developed using EAS toprovide nitrifiers and denitrifers for nitrogen removal from the reject water of a municipal wastewater treatment plant (MWWTP).This can achieve a significant reduction in the nitrogen (N) loading in wastewater treatment plants. The results show that theammoniacal-nitrogen (NH4+-N) and total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiencies were in the range from 74.7% to 93.1%...
Autori: Wei Li, Xiaoxia Yang, Xinchao Guo, Yongzhe Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25946

AEROBIC SLUDGE GRANULATION FOR PARTIAL NITRIFICATION OF AMMONIA-RICH INORGANIC WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractPartial nitrification for the biological nitrogen removal (BNR) via nitrite has recently gained interest for treating high-strengthammonium wastewater with low organic matter content. However, stability of partial nitrification is still a challenge in activatedsludge system. In the present study, the technique of aerobic granulation was developed to produce granules for stable nitritation,treating ammonia-rich inorganic influent with 400 mg NH4+-N/L. The morphology, physical properties, ...
Autori: An-Jie Li, Xiang-Chun Quan, Xiao-Yan Li, Zhi-Feng Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25947

TREATMENT OF AN ALKALINE BUTYL RUBBER WASTEWATER BY THE PROCESS OF COAGULATION AND FLOCCULATION - HYDROLYSIS ACIDIFICATION - BIOLOGICAL CONTACT OXIDATION - MBR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractWastewater from butyl rubber production is causing an increasing environmental problem due to its large quantity and complexquality. In this paper, two types of wastewaters generated from rubber synthesis, i.e. alkaline wastewater (AW) and cleaning andflushing wastewater (CFW), were investigated. Coagulation and flocculation were firstly applied to remove suspended solids(SS) from the AW. By single factor experiment, the optimum operational conditions were obtained as pH 8, PAC dosage 40...
Autori: Lujun Chen, Rui Liu, Wei Li, Wei Zheng, Yan Zhang, Ying Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25950

STRUCTURAL EVOLUTION OF HEAT-TREATED COLLOIDAL PYRITE UNDER INERT ATMOSPHERE AND ITS APPLICATION FOR THE REMOVAL OF Cu(II) ION FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractIn this paper, we report a study on structural evolution, magnetic susceptibility and arsenic content of colloidal pyrite fromXinqiao deposits in Tongling, Anhui Province, China. The pyrite was treated under N2 atmosphere and charaterized with X-raypowder diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), magnetic susceptibility analysis, and atomicfluorescence spectroscopy (AFS). We observed that heating of colloidal pyrite in N2 atomosphere did not change the crys...
Autori: Dong Chen, Ping Li, Tianhu Chen, Xiao Zhu, Yadan Shi, Yan Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25951

COMPOSITE VEGETABLE DEGRADATION AND ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELL WITH ULTRASONIC PRETREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractVegetable waste was used as the fuel of a two-chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) for simultaneous power recovery and wastedegradation. Effects of ultrasonic pretreatment, organic loadings, anolyte pH adjustment on the MFC performance wereinvestigated. Results showed that higher power generation and organic compounds removal efficiency were achieved in theMFCs with the vegetable waste pretreated with ultrasonication at >1.0W/mL compared to the un-pretreated control. A maximumvoltage of ...
Autori: Kun Tao, Xiangchun Quan, Yanping Quan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25953

OCCURRENCE AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF ESTROGENS AND ANTIINFLAMMATORIES IN BAIYANGDIAN LAKE, NORTH CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractEstrogens and anti-inflammatories can pose adverse effects on human health and wildlife. This paper investigated four estrogens(estrone, E1; 17β-estradiol, E2; estriol, E3; 17α-ethynylestradiol, EE2) and three anti-inflammatories (ibuprofen, ketoprofen andnaproxen) by solid-phase extraction (SPE) and liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) in BaiyangdianLake during the dry (April) and wet seasons (September). These compounds were mostly detected at low levels ...
Autori: Jianghong Shi, Jinling Cao, Ting Bo, Xiaowei Liu, Yingxia Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25955

ESTIMATING AND MODELLING THE SLUDGE EXCESS DISCHARGE IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractA rapid increase of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has made the disposal of excess sludge from WWTPs a seriousproblem. In order to enhance the management of sludge, both development of sludge reduction technologies and sludgeevaluation system are of great importance. Based on the survey data from 696 plants in China in 2009, an empirical model wasdeveloped to simulate the production and discharge of excess sludge, which considered influent, temperature, Chemical OxygenDemand (COD), ...
Autori: Chengwen Wang, Tao Xie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25963

CHARACTERISTICS AND FEASIBILITY STUDY OF SEWAGE SLUDGE FOR LANDSCAPING APPLICATION IN XI’AN, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractBy investigating the basic physicochemical characteristics, nutrients (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) and heavy metalconcentrations of the excess sludges from four wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) in Xi’an city, the feasibility of applyingsewage sludge to landscaping in Xi'an was studied. The results showed that the basic physicochemical properties of sewagesludge satisfy the requirement of most plants growth. The sewage sludges are rich of organisms, nitrogen and phosphorus, butre...
Autori: Bohan Yin, Qin Zheng, Rixia Zhang, Sheping Wang, Xinan Liu, Zhengliang Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25964

A SPECIAL ISSUE ON RECENT ADVANCES IN WATER RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND POLLUTION CONTROL: WITH SPECIAL FOCUS ON CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
A fast economic development in China over thelast three decades has lifted hundreds of millions ofpeople out of poverty. However, an annual GDPincrease of over 10% due to the large scale industrialactivities and fast urbanization has released substantialamounts of pollutants into the environment and exertedtremendous pressure on local ecosystems. Although alarge amount of investment has been made by theChinese government and a series of efforts have beenmade by the environmental regulators, scie...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25965

EDITORIAL A SPECIAL ISSUE ON PROGRESS IN ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING, BIOTECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT IN THE FRAME OF KNOWLEDGE-BASED SUSTAINABLE ECONOMY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
“The Exploratory Workshop „Progress inEnvironmental Engineering, Biotechnology andManagement in The Frame of Knowledge-BasedSustainable Economy” took place in the contextwhen worldwide research shows that the currentindustrial system supports a population that useresources and generates waste, consuming the Earth'ssupply, but who’s biocapacity is far outweighed bythe increased demand of products for a developmentsystem that often works on unsustainable bases.Today’s challenge is the integration ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25969

INDUSTRIAL AND COMMUNAL SUSTAINABLE WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractConsumption and related waste production is an integral part of our daily lives. The waste generation worldwide depends on theeconomic strength of the given region/country, and it increases from year to year. More and more attention is drawn to the re-use,recycling, reutilization of the waste which are driven mainly by environmental concerns and economic interests. Regional wastemanagement systems have been established in Hungary with the support of EU funds, which process the waste acco...
Autori: Ákos Rédey, , Attila Sarkady, László Dióssy, Róbert Kurdi, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25970

ENGINEERING CHALLENGES IN ADVANCED WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractWastewater streams and particularly industrial effluents tend to increase in volumes and to get more complex in terms ofpollution. Nevertheless, nowadays the focus is directed towards recycling or reuse of treated wastewater so as to close the wateruse loop. Advanced wastewater treatment allows these possible applications by achieving good quality effluent to suit the newpurposes, but the implementation of this treatment stage is a difficult task. This study gives an example on how to ap...
Autori: , Daniela Cailean, Florina Ungureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25971

VOLUNTARY AGREEMENTS AS A WAY TO STIMULATE INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND THEIR CONDITIONS FOR SUCCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractNumerous governments have adopted innovative policy instruments to deal with important environmental policy challenges.Various forms of negotiated instruments may offer the potential to improve on environmental performance beyond whatregulation alone can accomplish. Dutch covenants, which represent negotiated agreements with sectors of industry as targets ofbehavioral change in terms of mitigation of pollution, waste minimization and sustainable products and processes, provide auseful sa...
Autori: , Kris Lulofs, Laura Franco, Theo de Bruijn, Yanyan Xue
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25972

INTEGRATED NETWORK OF CONTINUOUS REACTORS FOR THE DECONTAMINATION OF GASEOUS STREAMS IN HETEROGENEOUS CATALYTIC GAS-LIQUID-SOLID SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractIn this paper integrated network of continuous reactors for the decontamination of gaseous flows in heterogeneouscatalytic gas-liquid-solid – also applicable for bioremediation systems is investigated. For this purpose, duringprocess integration we have identified strategies to develop an optimal system for a variety of well-definedrequirements and to discover ways to ensure cost efficiency to achieve the requirements of sustainable industry in theframe of knowledge-based sustainable eco...
Autori: Maria Gavrilescu, Oana Marlena Penciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25977

POLYMERIC WASTES FROM AUTOMOTIVES AS SECOND RAW MATERIALS FOR LARGE SCALE PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractEfficient large-scale recycling of polymeric wastes for automotives is of increased interest from ecologic and economic point ofview and represents an important goal for the car recycling industry. One alternative is to develop novel composite materials,relying on waste car parts, for indoor or outdoor large-scale applications, without using small molecular plasticizer or otheradditives but insuring a good compatibility for large percentages of thermoset plastics in the composite. Previo...
Autori: Anca Duta, Cristina Cazan, Dana Perniu, Mihaela Cosnita
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25982

STREET LITTER REDUCTION PROGRAMS IN THE NETHERLANDS: REFLECTIONS ON THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE DUTCH LITTER REDUCTION PROGRAM FOR 2007 – 2009. LESSONS FROM A PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP IN ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractOn a daily basis one is confronted with litter. Most forms of litter are, however, of no concern to people. Nonetheless, litteraccounts for serious economic costs, and causes negative effects to health, safety and biodiversity. Most countries implementlitter reduction policy programs, often in the form of litter collection and penalties for littering. Litter reduction does notnecessarily have to be a government initiative as grassroots and business initiatives have shown; for instance, c...
Autori: , Laura Franco - Garcia, Theo de Bruijn, Thomas Hoppe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25983

REDUCING EMISSIONS OF GREENHOUSE GASES FROM MUNICIPAL LANDFILLS-BETWEEN THEORY AND REALITY. MITIGATION OF METHANE EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractMethane landfill emissions are a general concern and should be estimated for taking the proper measures for global warmingmitigation. The European legislation is supporting all techniques that avoid, reduce or treat CH4 emissions. One of the maindirections is reducing the quantities of biodegradable waste disposed in landfills. The efforts for GHG emissions reduction andalso compliance with European legislation in the field of waste management does not mean only putting in place some sta...
Autori: Liliana Bobirica, Rodica Stanescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25984

INSTRUMENTS FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: WATER QUALITY MODELING FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThis study presents the development and use of a hydraulic-coupled water quality model for the simulation of BiochemicalOxygen Demand (BOD) concentrations in the Bahlui River, a small river located in northeastern Romania. This river experiencesthe typical pollution problems for many Romanian water bodies: heavy pollution from both diffuse and point sources, lowconnectivity to wastewater systems in rural areas and moderate removal of pollutants in municipal wastewater treatment plants.Th...
Autori: , Claudia Cojocariu, Denie C.M. Augustijn, George Bârjoveanu, Ioan Crăciun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25985

NEW TRENDS IN COMMUNAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AT THE REGIONAL LEVEL: WASTE TREATMENT PLANTS IN HUNGARY AND PRACTICAL APPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe waste management is increasingly important from the point of view of our future and to keep our environment safe for thefuture generations to come. The European Union sets up strategic objectives and goals on priorities and actions in the field ofwaste management. The Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/EC stipulates and sets forth the goals and actions for the nextdecades. The paper deals with the European strategy and the Hungarian practices with special focus on the North-Balatoncom...
Autori: Ákos Rédey, Attila Sarkady, László Dióssy, Róbert Kurdi, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25986

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT OF EFFLUENTS RESULTING FROM THEIR LANDFILLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractEU policy on waste management stresses the importance of an integrated approach to waste management, which includesconstruction of waste disposal facilities with prevention of waste generation and recycling, in line with management hierarchy:prevention of waste and its negative impacts; recovery of waste through recycling, reuse, safe final disposal of waste where thereis no possibility of recovery.This paper address the issue of municipal waste management and the impacts generated into ...
Autori: Ana-Maria Şchiopu, Cristina Ghinea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25987

METHOD FOR UNOBTRUSIVE MEASUREMENT OF INDOOR AIR EFFECTS ON THE CARDIO-RESPIRATORY FUNCTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractIn this paper we describe a wireless system, including smart sensing nodes for indoor air quality and unobtrusive cardiorespiratorymonitoring. The sensing nodes include a set of solid state gas sensors, sensors for temperature and relative humidity, amicrowave Doppler radar sensor for cardio-respiratory function, and appropriate conditioning circuits expressed by active filtersand amplifiers. The analog signals provided by the signal conditioning circuits is applied to a data acquisition...
Autori: Gabriela Postolache, Octavian Postolache, Pedro Silva Girăo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26007

STUDIES ON HEAT RECOVERY FROM CELLULOSIC TEXTILES FINISHING WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractDue to high energy costs and the rising consciousness of energy issues in the textile industry, saving energy became a significantproblem. Since a large amount of the energy required in textile finishing is needed in the form of steam for various processes,recovering wastewater heat has great potential for cost reduction. In this research, it was studied the heat recovery from cellulosictextiles finishing wastewater, based on a case study in a textile company. After examining the wastewa...
Autori: Armand F. Bertea, Gheorghe Condurache, Răzvan Berariu, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26013

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal - Vol 12, No 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
• STUDIES ON HEAT RECOVERY FROM CELLULOSIC TEXTILES FINISHING WASTEWATER    • ASSESSMENT OF SYNERGIC REGULATORY ACTIONS OF SPRUCE BARK EXTRACT AND DEUTERIUM DEPLETED WATER ON MAIZE (Zea mays L.) CROPS    • LUNG CANCER RISK INDUCED BY RESIDENTIAL RADON IN CLUJ AND ALBA COUNTIES, ROMANIA    • A CLEAR SKY IRRADIATION ASSESSMENT USING THE ESRA MODEL AND SRTM DATABASE    • ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DYSPHONIA IN PROFESSIONAL VOICE USERS    ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26014

EDITORIAL - A SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY ECOIMPULS 2012 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE, October 25-26, Timisoara, Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
The first edition of the International Conference„ECOIMPULS 2012- Environmental Research andTechnology” plans to open a conference seriesdedicated exclusively environmental issues. Thescientific topics are devoted to the on-going research onenvironmental topics regarding: „Environment – apolitical, economic and social responsibility”,„Water in a changing world”, „ZERO – waste cities”and „ Energy – beyond the conventional”.This scientific event aims to bring togetherprofessionals, academics, scie...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26015

ENERGY RECOVERY FROM SLUDGE WITH LOW ORGANIC LOADS RESULTED FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe developing of the infrastructure for wastewater collection and treatment in Romania is leading more and more to theproduction of huge quantities of activated sludge, as direct result of the application of state of wastewater treatment. The rapidand rational development of a national policy for management of activated on short, medium and long term has emerged as anecessity, and must be implemented urgently.The EU 27 countries consider environmental management of activated sludge as a...
Autori: Ilie Vlaicu, Ioan Neamt, Ioana Ionel, Mihail Reinhold Wächter
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26019

SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIA: CURRENT AND FUTURE ISSUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractWaste management includes all activities of collection, transport, treatment, recovery and disposal of waste, includingsupervising of such operations. The framework law that regulates waste management activities in Romania is Law no. 27/2007,approving Government Emergency Ordinance no. 61/2006, amending and supplementing Government Emergency Ordinance no.78/2000 on waste regime. This legislation sets the responsibilities for waste management from generation to disposal, thepriorities in ...
Autori: Constantin Mircea Orlescu, Ioana Alina Costescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26020

DSA ELECTRODES FOR TREATING PHARMACEUTICAL EFFLUENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractIn the last years many papers have reported about the occurrence of the pharmaceuticals in the surface waters and theirundesirable effects upon the aquatic life. Most of pharmaceuticals pass through the wastewater treatment plants unchangedbecause they are biorefractory compounds and as a result they enter the water bodies. Therefore, it is necessary to improve thebiodegradability of pharmaceuticals effluents (PhEs) before their discharge in the sewerage systems. The aim of this paper wa...
Autori: Carmen Lazău, Florica Manea, Monica Ihos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26021

COMBINED CATALYTIC OXIDATION AND ADSORPTION OF PRIORITY ORGANIC POLLUTANTS FOR WASTEWATER RECYCLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe increased concentrations of priority pollutants in wastewaters have imposed the completion of conventional treatment withadvanced treatment stages (such as catalytic oxidation, membrane processes, adsorption, ion exchange, etc.) for their removal bychemical degradation and/or physical separation.In this study, 4-chlorophenol (4-CP) is proposed as model-pollutant for the priority organic pollutants present in syntheticwastewaters and several processes which can act as advanced treatme...
Autori: Carmen Teodosiu, Corina Petronela Musteret, Daniela Arsene, Daniela Cailean, George Bârjoveanu, Petru Apopei, Roxana Elena Apreutesei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26022

KINETIC STUDY OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATERS BY ION EXCHANGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractIn spite of the fact that concern on water quality protection raised in the last decades heavy metals pollution still represents agreat threat for both human health and environment quality. Ion exchange proved to be an effective technique for industrialwastewaters treatment, as long as it ensures an effective recovery of valuable compounds. The main purpose of this work is toassess the performances of a commercial ion resin sort (a strong basic anionic resin – VIONIT AT 21), to remove ch...
Autori: Alexandra Raluca Miron, Cristina Costache, Cristina Modrogan, Dumitru Giani Apostol, Oanamari Daniela Butucea, Redha Kouachi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26025

MAGNETIC FLUID EQUIPMENT FOR SORTING SECONDARY POLYOLEFINS FROM WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper presents the research made on the FP7 project „Magnetic Sorting and Ultrasound Sensor Technologies for Productionof High Purity Secondary Polyolefins from Waste” in order to develop a magnetic fluid equipment for sorting of polypropylene(PP) and polyethylene (PE) from polymers mixed waste streams. Because both PP and PE float in water, it is difficult to separateone from the other. The paper presents the principles of inverse magnetic density separation process and the results ...
Autori: Bin Hu, Francesco Di Maio, Guillaume Houzeaux, Liana Baltes, Mircea Tierean, Peter Rem
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26028

SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE ZnFe2O4 AND ITS USE FOR THE REMOVAL OF CONGO RED FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper describes the synthesis of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite starting from 1,4-butanediol and a mixture of zinc and ironnitrates. During the heating of the obtained solution, a redox reaction takes place with emission of brown nitrogen oxides andformation of a solid powder. This powder was characterized by thermal analysis and FT-IR spectrometry, techniques thatconfirmed the formation of a mixture of zinc and iron carboxylates. This mixture was further used as precursor for zinc fer...
Autori: Cornelia Muntean, Marcela Stoia, Paul Barvinschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26029

TECHNICAL, ECONOMICAL, SOCIAL AND ECOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF VACUUM SEWAGE SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractIn this paper we analyzed some characteristics of vacuum sewer systems from technical, economical, environmental and socialperspectives. The vacuum sewer systems transport wastewater with lower pressure (p<pat), and are compared to conventionalsewer systems with free level (p = bed) - gravity and under pressure systems (p>pat) - gravity or pumping systems. Vacuumsewer systems are recommended for rural communities and residential neighbourhoods surrounding urban areas, developed ons...
Autori: Corina Panfil, Ion Mirel, Izabella Szigyarto, Monica Isacu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26035

RECOVERY OF PRECIOUS METALS FROM WASTE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractPrinted circuit boards-PCBs are particularly rich in copper and precious metals. Recoveries of metals in our work started withtests for electrodeposition of Au, Ag and Cu from synthetic solutions on graphite and copper electrodes. Processes were studiedusing cyclic voltammetry in ranges: (-1200)-500 mV and (-800)-(-200) mV and (-400)-1400 mV. Different supportingelectrolytes like: H2SO4 0.5M, HCl 0.1M and HNO3 0.1M were used. Electrodeposition of studied metals from real solutions wasfol...
Autori: Adina Căta, Cristian Tănasie, Daniel Boc, Firuţa Fiţigau, Mariana Nela Stefănuţ, Paula Sfîrloagă, Raluca Pop, Zoltan Űrmösi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26036

CHALLENGES FOR 2D WATER QUALITY MODELLING OF LAKE TAIHU IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractLake Taihu is a shallow, wind-driven lake where eutrophication is always a serious problem. The study presented hereininvestigates the effect of wind on the eutophication of the lake, by using a two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic model coupledwith a 2D water quality model. The 2D water quality model looks in particular at the water quality situation of Lake Taihu in theyear 2008 and predicts future changes in the algae bloom situation. The Delft3D modelling tool was used to build thehydro...
Autori: Arthur Mynett, Chao Yue, Ioana Popescu, Leo Postma, Quan Pan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26037

RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY APPLIED FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF REACTIVE BLACK 5 DISCOLORATION IN A FENTON-LIKE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThere are many treatment methods used to remove color from textile wastewater, and Fenton oxidation, a well known AdvancedOxidation Process is one of the most efficient. Apart of Fe(II), other metal ions have been used as catalysts in Fenton’s Reagent,and Cu(II) proved to be a good alternative.In this study the effect of the concentration of dye, catalyst and hydrogen peroxide were studied and optimized for thediscoloration process of Reactive Black 5 using a Fenton-like process, H2O2/Cu...
Autori: Andrei-Petru Bertea, Armand-Florin Bertea, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26042

PHYTOEXTRACTION OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIALLY POLLUTED ZONE USING Lolium perenne AND Lemna minor
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper intends to contribute to the stages of bioremediation technologies elaboration, by means of experiments and efficiencydemonstrations of adequate biological depollution and ecological reconstruction methods. During the 2009-2011 period, heavymetals and metalloids, etc phytoextraction tests were performed with Lolium perenne L, from tailing samples collected fromwaste heaps and tailings dams of the mining exploitations (Rodna, Bistriţa–Năsăud, Fundu-Moldovei, Sucea...
Autori: Alexandru Crihan, Alin Bolonyi, Bianca Malschi Florian, Cecilia Roman, Dana Malschi, Dorian Brăhaiţa, George Ghira, , Marin Şenilă, Mirela Miclean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26044

EDITORIAL - A SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO ACHIEVEMENTS AND PROSPECTS IN HYDROTECHNICAL, GEODESY AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
In 2012, the Faculty of Hydrotechnics,Geodesy and Environmental Engineering of The"Gheorghe Asachi" Technical University of Iasi,Romania celebrated 50 years of education in the fieldof hydraulic engineering at the Polytechnic Instituteof Iasi.In 1948, in the same time with the EducationReform in Romania, in Galati, the Faculty ofHidrology was founded. At the same time, studentswho were attending the Rural EngineeringSpecialization in Bucharest were also transferred tothe new established Faculty....
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26048

INCREASING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS BY UPGRADING THE CONVENTIONAL TREATMENT PROCESS WITH NEREDA TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractGranular sludge technology – NEREDA is one of the most significant achievements in environmental biotechnology of the XXIstcentury. NEREDA is the latest innovative technology for biological wastewater treatment, which purifies water using the uniquecharacteristics of aerobic granular biomass. Unlike conventional processes, bacteria of the biological process naturally focus incompact granules with good settling properties.Due to the variety of biological processes that occur simultaneousl...
Autori: Ilinca Dinu, Ioan Crăciun, Teodora-Manuela Cornea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26053

RESOURCE CONSERVATION IN SANITARY PAPER MANUFACTURING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractTraditionally, sanitary papers are obtained from virgin cellulosic fibers. Because the production of virgin fibers requires largequantity of wood it is an unsustainable process. In addition, virgin fiber pulp is expensive and deficient, being unattractive forpaper producers. Using of virgin fiber is a waste, because sanitary papers cannot be recovered. Due to the fact that the price ofsanitary papers must be as low as possible, the paper mills focused on the use of recovered fiber as raw...
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu, Iftimi Viorel, Roxana Vlase
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26067

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT APPLIED IN THE ASSESSMENT OF CONSTRUCTION AND DEMOLITION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractConstruction and demolition waste (C&DW) are the result of inefficient and unsustainable use of natural resources and energy inproduction processes and other human activities, leading to economic losses. In this paper, the Ecological Footprint (EF), as a newindicator and methodology in environmental sustainability assessment was used to calculate where and how the humans induceimpacts on the environment, in particular due to the generation of C&DW. Ecological footprint makes a re...
Autori: Alessandra Bonoli, Cristina Ghinea, Isabela Maria Simion, Maria Gavrilescu, Nicolae Taranu, Sebastian George Maxineasa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26070

WASTEWATER FOR IRRIGATION IN AGRICULTURE: SOME EFFECTS OF EFFLUENT ON SOIL QUALITY AND CANOLA (Brassica napus oleifera) GROWTH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractConsidering the decrease water resources in the past decade, research for rational solutions on water use has become a worldwideconcern. Agriculture is the largest consumer of water, and when the soil moisture level is not assured of precipitation, it issupplemented by irrigation. In the current context of climate change, and consequently the arid territories growth, the researchersare looking for solutions to rational water consumption, and equally to cover the deficit of water in agric...
Autori: Cristina Elena Iurciuc,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26072

PRELIMINARY TRIAL APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICAL DESULFONATION IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTORS FROM PIG FARMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThis paper describes preliminary tests carried out in treatment plants serving two different pig farms in Northern Italy, in order toassess the feasibility of implementing biological sulphur removal from biogas produced by anaerobic digestion processes. Thisnormally consists of mixture of CH4, CO2, and other gases; in the presence of sulphur, H2S is also formed, which must beremoved prior to the gas use in thermal engines, to avoid corrosion phenomena. Sulphur removal in the plants consi...
Autori: Andrea G. Capodaglio, Arianna Callegari, Vincenzo Torretta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26074

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT ISSUES IN FOOD INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractOne of the main objectives of S.C. AVI-TOP S.A. Războieni – Iasi management is the implementation and continuousimprovement of a functional environmental management system in accordance with European standards and their integration intothe unit’s management systems. Environmental management strategy at S.C. AVI-TOP S.A. Războieni – Iasi aims to achieve abalance between economic and environmental protection outcomes, directing all activities towards eliminating pollution. Thepap...
Autori: Aurel Chiran, Benedicta Drobotă, Elena Gindu, Monica-Ionela Pandelea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26076

WATER MANAGEMENT AT THE FORMER COPPER MINING SITE MEDET (BULGARIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe scope of the present paper is water management dimensioning closed to the copper mining area in the Medet region(Bulgaria). The mining works left an open pit and several waste rock dumps within the catchment area of Medetska River. Atpresent although the flooding of open pit is going on, it will be finished approximately in 2018. Water treatment is necessary dueto the high concentrations of pollutants (sulphate and copper) in the waters influenced by mining. The objective of the stud...
Autori: Gabriela Biali, Petra Schneider, Ralf Löser
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26077

ISOTHERM AND KINETIC STUDIES OF RESIDUAL OIL ADSORPTION FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) USING BOILER FLY ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe removal of residual oil from palm oil mill effluent (POME) using boiler fly ash was studied in this paper, with focus on theadsorption isotherms and kinetic studies by measuring the residual oil concentration using UV-spectrophotometer. The percentresidual oil adsorbed decreased from 80% to 5% as contact time was increased from 10 mins to 120 mins but increased from2.74% to 72.98% as initial concentration of residual oil increased from 0.04812 mg/L to 0.2406 mg/L. Pseudo-second order...
Autori: Jude C. Igwe, Stella N. Anioke, Uche Arukwe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26078

STATISTICAL DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS FOR THE Cr(VI) ADSORPTION ON WEED Salvinia cucullata
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractExperiments were designed to optimize the Cr(VI) adsorption on Salvinia cucullata. The significance of different adsorptionparameters along with their combined effect on the adsorption process has been established. A regression equation wasformulated by representing percentage of Cr(VI) adsorption as a function of different independent variables such as contact time,pH, adsorbate concentration and adsorbent dose. The insignificant terms were assessed through student ‘t’ test and are remo...
Autori: Saroj Sundar Baral
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26084

ELECTROCOAGULATION-TiO2 PHOTO-ASSISTED COMBINED SYSTEM APPLIED TO METHYL ORANGE WASTEWATER REMOVAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractCombined electrocoagulation (EC) and homogeneous phase TiO2 photo-assisted system were applied to methyl orange (MO)wastewater treatment. Optimum including current density, initial concentration of MO, TiO2 concentration, pH, solutionconductivity and electrode distance were investigated. 98% decolorization (initial concentration = 500 mg/L) was achieved in 30min with a current density of 125 A/m2, electrode distance of 2.5 cm, electrolyte KCl concentration of 0.5 g/L, initial pH of 6.86,...
Autori: Yi Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26090

DRIVING FORCES OF WEEE MANAGEMENT: A PEST ANALYSIS OF ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractWaste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE, e-waste) represent the category of municipal waste with the fastest growthrate of the quantities generated particularly in developed countries. In Romania the WEEE management concerns have emergedrecently and the amount of information and data available is limited and sometimes irrelevant. In this case, studying the forcesthat influence WEEE management system directly or indirectly is useful for both the national and international stakehol...
Autori: Nadia Ciocoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26092

UTILIZATION OF OLIVE OIL AS A POTENTIAL OXYGEN-VECTOR IN STIRRED BIOREACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractA new approach to environmental protection management is the aerobic microbial digestion of food industry wastewaters byusing those waters as substrate, while the pollutants contained work also as oxygen-vectors. In biotechnology, oxygen masstransfer is a key parameter involved in the design and operation of mixing–sparging bioreactors and it can be analyzed by meansof the oxygen mass transfer coefficient (kLa). The influence of a second liquid phase with higher oxygen affinity (in this ...
Autori: Elena Folescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26097

TECHNICAL SOLUTIONS TO IMPROVE PERFORMANCE OF THE RECYCLED CEMENT CONCRETE AGGREGATES FOR DURABLE ROAD PAVEMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThis paper presents the results of the research analyses and laboratory studies, aiming to develop design guidelines and suitabletechnologies for the construction of durable and environmental friendly rigid pavements by using recycled cement concrete,resulted from various demolition works. Various recycling principles and technologies, specific laboratory methods of improvedtechnical solutions to enhance wear coefficients, density homogeneity, mixture contamination and water absorption o...
Autori: Marius Muscalu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707Abstract This paper presents the results of the research analyses and laboratory studies, aiming to develop design guidelines and suitable technologies for the construction of durable and environmental friendly rigid pavements by using recycled
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26098

SECOND GENERATION BIOFUELS AND BIOMASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
Mother Earth Investments AG, is actively working onthe development 2nd generation bioenergy feedstocks.In this book, Mr. Jansen generously shares hisknowledge in the field, in particular, regarding thechallenges and opportunities in development ofbiomass-derived fuels. This essential guide toinvesting in bioenergy commodities details secondgeneration biofuels from a scientific, technical andeconomic perspective, and discusses their globalenvironmental, political and financial impact.The book is ...
Autori: Roland A. Jansen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26100

THE ROLE OF GREEN CHEMISTRY IN BIOMASS PROCESSING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
The book edited by Haibo Xie and NicholasGathergood focuses on one of the most importantscientific issues of the 21 century which is thereplacing fossil fuel with sustainable alternatives suchas biomass. Fossil fuels are conventional rawmaterials for many industrial sectors includingchemical and energy production. Usage of fossil fuelis limited by their availability, price and carbonfootprint. Biomass is a renewable resource globallyavailable, cheaper and carbon sequestering. Step bystep shiftin...
Autori: Adrian Catalin Puitel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26101

ROMANIAN SURFACE WATER QUALITY: TARNAVA MARE RIVER BETWEEN MEDIAS AND COPSA MICA CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract A set of 500 water samples collected from various sites of Tarnava Mare River, between Medias and Copsa Mica were analyzed, during three years (2010-2012). The physicochemical parameters like: temperature, pH, electrical conductivity (EC), total dissolved solids (TDS), salinity, calcium (Ca2+), magnesium (Mg2+), sodium (Na+), lead (Pb2+), chloride (Cl-), sulfate (SO4 2-), ammonium (NH4 +), nitrite (NO2 -) and nitrate (NO3 -) were determined. The results were co...
Autori: Ioana Piştea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26114

FLY ASH FROM THERMAL POWER PLANT, RAW MATERIAL FOR GLASS-CERAMIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Waste recycling represents a very significant issue for the protection of our environment. Large waste quantities (slag and ashes) are products of the coal extraction industry and its subsequent combustion in thermal power stations. The possibilities of obtaining crystallized glasses in the CaO-Al2O3-Fe2O3-SiO2 system by introducing in the raw materials mixture ashes from Mintia Deva thermal power station have been studied. The physical and chemical characterization of the...
Autori: Firuţa Goga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26121

MONITORING THE QUALITY OF THE SLUDGE RESULTED FROM DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Monitoring the quantity of the sludge resulted from domestic wastewater treatment is a current concern in Romania due to the necessity to reduce any risk. This paper discusses the results of monitoring and examination of sludge deposited temporarily in a domestic wastewater treatment plant (5000 people equivalent) from qualitative point of view, following the analysis of the physical-chemical parameters: pH, total solids, specific resistance to filtration, humidity and den...
Autori: Casen Panaitescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26123

STUDY ON RECYCLING FEASIBILITY OF ACTIVATED GLASS FROM WEEE EQUIPMENT TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract The main purpose of this paper is to identify, highlight and analyze the recycling possibilities for the activated glass derived from the treatment of the cathode ray tubes (CRT) waste equipment and to demonstrate the recycling viability, economical and environment protection efficiency. A total of 95 pieces of waste electronic equipments (TVs and PC monitors) were processed and a number of five TVs and five PC monitors from the ‘95s were analyzed. Significant quantitie...
Autori: Antoanela Popovici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26124

EXPLORATORY ANALYSIS OF GAS EMISSIONS FROM NON-COMPLIANT MUNICIPAL LANDFILL USED FOR ENERGETIC EVALUATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This paper presents a research method for the exploratory analysis of non-compliant municipal waste landfills by determining the gas composition of emissions. The proposed method has the following stages: establishing municipal landfill surface contour by topographic measurements; setting measuring points on the deposit surface; setting the number of points needed and their spatial coordinate; field location of points for making exploratory measurements; making and recordi...
Autori: Michaela Bianca Vac Soporan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26127

GREEN MARKETING - FACTOR OF COMPETITIVENESS IN RETAILING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Over the last years an increasing number of retailers have undertaken green marketing-specific actions with the purpose of not only bolstering their reputation but also of improving their awareness, increasing their trust or enhancing the target groups’ appeal for the company. These actions/measures will eventually exert a positive effect on how customers perceive retailers. Once a proper, positive and proactive image has been developed in consumers’ mind, the chance of ga...
Autori: Dan-Cristian Dabija
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26129

BEHAVIOUR OF SOLID PARTICLES ON A FLAT OSCILLATING SURFACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract In many industrial applications most of the solid particles are separated by size and for this purpose there are used the oscillating sieves. The separation process based on sieves is a complex one and it depends on several factors, such as the properties of solid particles submitted to the separation process and on the operating regimes of the separating equipment. We have studied the separation process of the behaviour of solid particles on a flat oscillating surface...
Autori: Ovidiu Bontas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26134

EFFICIENCY OF FILTERS WITH DIFFERENT FILTERING MATERIALS: COMPARATIVE STUDY IN WATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract In order to accomplish the water quality standards required for a specific use, the continental surface water is treated through a sequence of operations and unit processes. The treatment technological flowsheets carry out, partially or totally, the removal of various pollutants, every treatment step being used for improving one or more qualitative parameter. The treatment scheme is specific to water source type and water use. One of the basic operations for water treatmen...
Autori: Oana Tirtoacă Irimia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26136

STUDY ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract One of the causes of climate change is the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Methane (CH4) is one of the greenhouse gases, with an ability to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere 21 times greater than carbon dioxide (CO2) per unit mass and in the same period of time. Because the lifetime of methane in the atmosphere is relatively short, it could be kept under control. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are anthropogenic sources of CH4 emissions. Anaerobic digestion of t...
Autori: Doru Lucian Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26139

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS OF WASTEWATER SLUDGE DISPOSAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Using sludge with dangerous substances content as an agricultural fertilizer can provide risks for humans and all environmental components. An important risk factor that had to be taken into account is the combination of sludge used as a fertilizer and agriculture activities that has its own consequences. In this paper, a risk evaluation for sludge disposal was elaborated. The most important risk factors in the studied case, wastewater sludge used as an agricultural fer...
Autori: Elena Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26141

APPLICATION OF ORGANIC FLOCCULANTS FOR THE TREATMENT OF SLUDGE FROM MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract After any treatment process of wastewater results residual sludge that is characterized depending on the type of the wastewater or by the sludge treatment type. The sludge treatment process can be divided in three important stages: the preliminary stage (with the sludge thickening), the stabilization stage, and the dewatering stage. The paper shows the results of the research for the identification of the most efficient organic cationic flocculants, which might be used wit...
Autori: Mariana Turcu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26149

APPLICATION OF A NEURO-GENETIC TECHNIQUE IN THE OPTIMIZATION OF HEAVY METALS REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATERS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RISK REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The reason for carrying out this research is related to the significant risk of heavy metals present in wastewater on the environment and human health. The removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions was performed in a batch system, using peat (from Poiana Stampei, Romania) as adsorbent. The efficiency of the process was predicted with high accuracy (correlation with experimental data more than 0.99) based on a feed-forward neural network with two hidden layers. The...
Autori: Gabriel Dan Suditu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26150

INFLUENCE OF TOTAL PRECIPITATION AND AIR TEMPERATURE ON THE COMPOSITION OF MUNICIPAL LANDFILL LEACHATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Municipal waste landfill leachate results in different stages of waste stabilization and has a negative impact on the environment. When implementing a new policy on waste handling, monitoring landfill leachate should be carried out under conditions of a modern solid waste landfill. The paper discusses the quality of leachate observed in old and recently built landfills in Vilnius - the capital city of Lithuania. The landfills are situated at a distance of 20 kilometres fro...
Autori: Kristina Baziene
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26151

ADSORPTION OF DIBUTYL-PHTHALATE ON HUMIC ACID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractBehaviors of adsorption of di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP) on humic acid and the effects of temperature on these processes are studied by solid phase extraction-HPLC method. The results show that the adsorption amounts of DBP increase with increasingequilibrium-concentrations of DBP. Such results could be well described by Langmuir equation. The maximum adsorptionamount (Qmax) and adsorption constant (k) at 35oC were both lower than those at 25oC. Thus, high temperature is unfavorable to the ...
Autori: Zhi-dang Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26162

ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS CONTAMINATIONS FROM SOLIDIFIED WASTE DRILLING MUD LANDFILLING POND IN ORDOS PLATEAU (SEMI-ARID REGION), CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractThe solidified waste drilling mud has been landfilled into slurry ponds with impermeable layer at oil & gas field since 1990s. Thisarticle aims to elucidate the heavy metal contaminations from landfill ponds at semiarid region. The heavy metal concentration inthe waste and its potential mobility based on its binding forms was studied. Furthermore, the blocking effect of impermeable layer was used to elaborate the environmental effects of heavy metals. From the analysis, Cr was found ...
Autori: Yun Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26171

RESEARCH ON CLEANER PRODUCTION POTENTIAL IN LIAO RIVER BASIN BASED ON SYSTEM DYNAMICS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractCompared with pollution transfer, cleaner production (CP) was more effective to reduce pollution in many less developedcountries. However, it was more difficult to assess the potential of cleaner production (PCP) in emission-reduction. The model ofPCP in Liao River Basin was established based on system dynamics, which could quantitatively analyse the potential of basincleaner production and the contribution to emission-reduction. The result showed that selected 2010 as the base year, 201...
Autori: Minghui Xie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26179

FORECASTING THE INFLUX OF VISITORS TO STATE PROTECTED WILDERNESS AREAS IN CHILE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractThis study estimates the number of visitors to State Protected Wilderness Areas (SPWAs) in Chile by origin (national andforeign), using annual data from 1986 to 2011. Two linear regression models were used: one to estimate the number of Chileanvisitors and the other for foreign visitors. The model to predict Chilean visitors in 2013-2014 incorporates the GDP per capita inChile, the annual trend in the conditions of international economic crises, while the model to predict the number of f...
Autori: Jaime Pérez-Kallens
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26189

APPRAISAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS ON SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION OF WATER IN THE WINE-PRODUCING SPANISH INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractThe aim of this work consists of presenting the need to improve the tributary regulation in order to stimulate the suitablemanagement of the water in the process of production of the wine. In this sense, it is analyzed the influence of the cost of thewater and the different taxes associated with the discharge of wastewater in order to encourage the system implantation of water recycling in the wine-producing Spanish industry. For that, it is studied the actual case of a winery, of its ne...
Autori: Isabel M. Román-Sánchez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26193

ANALYSIS OF INTEGRATION OF SOLAR COLLECTOR SYSTEMS INTO DISTRICT HEAT SUPPLY NETWORKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractSupply of heat energy is of the high importance in the northern countries of the Europe. EU energy policy and high prices of theheat energy resources takes a challenge to find any alternative resources for generation of heat energy. Therefore in this paper the integration of renewable energy source - solar energy into the existent heat energy supply system is analyzed as the alternative or additional source of heat energy. The case study of the Girionys boiler-house (at Kaunas district, ...
Autori: Jolanta Dvarionienė
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26201

ADSORPTION KINETICS OF REMOVAL OF YELLOW LANASOL DYESTUFF USING GALLINACEOUS FEATHERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractGallinaceous feathers are an abundant solid waste from the poultry processing industries, which poses disposal problems. Akinetic study dealing with the adsorption process of wool reactive dye, Yellow Lanasol 4G (CI Reactive Yellow 39), ongallinaceous (Gallus gallus, Cobb 500) feathers was carried out. The main research goals of this work were to evaluate theviability of using this waste as adsorbent and to study the kinetics of the adsorption process, using a synthetic effluent. Thechar...
Autori: Sónia Adriana Figueiredo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26203

STUDIES ON EXCESS SLUDGE REDUCTION AND MICROBIAL COMMUNITY GROWING IN A NOVEL A+OSA REACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractExcess biomass produced in the degradation processes of organic pollutants is creating environmental challenges for wastewatertreatment plants. The A+OSA system, a modification of the anoxic / oxic (A/O) process via insertion of a sludge holding tankinto a sludge return line, has been demonstrated to be capable of achieving simultaneous nutrient removal and sludge reduction.Here we report the results of an investigation aimed at evaluating the impact of the sludge holding tank on the bio...
Autori: Li Jia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26207

ENHANCED REMOVAL OF FECAL BACTERIA BY ZINC-MODIFIED ZEOLITE IN AN INTERMITTENT MEDIA INFILTRATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThe reuse of a wastewater treatment system was investigated using intermittent media infiltration (IMI) to evaluate the fecalcoliform (FC) removal efficiency with natural zeolite containing clinoptilolite from the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico and itszinc-modified form (Zeo-Zn). The municipal wastewater, which was from Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexico, was treated for FC analysisfor four months. The physicochemical properties of zeolite were analyzed, and their behavior as filter media for ...
Autori: Sasirot Khamkure
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26212

COAGULATION COMBINED WITH FENTON PROCESS FOR THE TREATMENT OF WATER-BASED PRINTING INK WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractWater-based printing ink has been used widely and perfectly in printing the packaging of food, drug, and wine products etc.However, due to the need of altering different colors of ink, most water-based printing ink wastewater was generated from theequipment cleaning process. Coagulation combined with Fenton process has been used for this kind of wastewater treatment inthis study, results showed that coagulation using polyaluminium chloride (PACl) as coagulant and ferrous sulfate (FeSO4) ...
Autori: Xiangjuan Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26214

LEACHING PROPERTIES OF LEAD PASTE IN SPENT LEAD-ACID BATTERY WITH A HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS AT ROOM TEMPERATURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractIn this study, as part of developing a green recycling process of spent lead-acid battery that can avoid both smelting and electrowinning, leaching agent citric acid and other additives (such as sodium citrate and hydrogen peroxide) in aqueous media were reacted with spent lead-acid battery paste. PbO, PbO2 and PbSO4, which are the three main components in a spent lead-acid battery paste, were leached to form lead citrate precursor which was crystallized and then separated from the solut...
Autori: Xinfeng Zhu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26215

REDUCING AMMONIA, CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND AND COLOR FROM PRAWN POND WASTEWATER USING COMPOSITE MEDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractLow water quality due to high levels of ammonia, chemical oxygen demand (COD), abnormal pH, and undesirable water color isprevalent in many prawn ponds in Malaysia. A composite medium used in the treatment of prawn pond effluent was examinedfor the reduction of undesirable parameters. The composite medium is a mixture of limestone, activated carbon, zeolite, and ricehusk. Experiments were conducted under three different conditions, i.e., sole aeration, adsorption, and adsorption with pre...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26219

MODELING OF PERMEABLE PAVEMENTS FOR TREATMENT OF URBAN RUNOFF USING SELF-ORGANIZING MAPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractKohonen Self-organizing map (KSOM) modeling have been applied increasingly for analysis, estimation and prediction ofseveral water quality processes, which are embedded with high complexity, dynamism and non-linearity. KSOM or unsupervisedneural networks were applied to microbial data (Escherichia coli, faecal streptococci, and total coliforms) from the effluent of atwo year data set (2008-2010) on two permeable (pervious) pavement systems used to treat storm water runoff contaminated wi...
Autori: Kiran Tota-Maharaj
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26226

A NOVEL APPROACH FOR MODELING Cu2+ AND Zn2+ ADSORPTION FROM INDUSTRIAL LEACHATE BY PEANUT SHELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn this work the adsorption of Cu2+ and Zn2+ from industrial wastewater by peanut shells without any pretreatment wasinvestigated through optimization techniques such as a feed-forward back-propagation artificial neural network and a simplexalgorithm. The Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm was the best back-propagation algorithm, with a minimum mean squared error of0.000217 for Cu(II) and of 0.000229 for Zn2+. Mean square error on the validation set is used as an estimate for variance.Accordi...
Autori: Başak Mesci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26227

AN ECO SUSTAINABLE TECHNIQUE TO REDUCE CADMIUM AVAILABILITY TO AMARANTHUS CAUDATUS GROWN UNDER AGRICULTURAL WASTE AND FERTILISER AMENDED SOIL: GROWTH AND PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractPresent study deals with a technology that reduces the cadmium(Cd) availability to the leafy vegetable Amaranthus caudatusfrom Cd contaminated soil (6 μg Cd g-1soil), amended with farmyard manure FYM, FYM+NPK and agricultural wastes (ricehusk; RH and saw dust; SD) at different doses (0.5 %, 2 %, 5 % and 10 %). Among all the doses 5 % was found to the best foreach amendment showing maximum reduction in phytoavailability of Cd hence better vegetable yield. At this dose the reductionin...
Autori: Anita Singh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26228

OPTIMIZATION OF PHOSPHATE REMOVAL FROM SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER BY BACTERIAL CONSORTIUM USING BOX-BEHNKEN DESIGN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn this work, a four factor three-level Box–Behnken factorial design based on response surface methodology (RSM) wasemployed to optimize the removal of phosphate from synthetic wastewater (mineral salts medium-MSM) by the bacterialconsortium (Bacillus sp. RS-1, Pseudomonas sp. YLW-7, Enterobacter sp. KLW-2). A mathematical model was then developedto show the effect of each medium composition and their interactions on phosphate removal. The effect of the lactoseconcentration (X1), pH (X2)...
Autori: Krishnaswamy Usharani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26235

EFFECTS OF CANNED FOOD INDUSTRY SLUDGE AMENDMENT ON ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN SOIL WITH EARTHWORMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWastewater sludges are organic and nutrient-rich materials that could be used to improve soil tilth. However, the land applicationof sludge needs to be properly managed to avoid the detrimental effects on micro and macroorganisms in the soil. Earthwormsare one of the most important soil macroorganisms. Addition of sludge to the soil environment may impact earthworm activity,and in turn, soil productivity and health. In this study, sludge from the canned food industry was added to soil mi...
Autori: Efsun Dindar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26238

PROCESS INTEGRATION IN THE BLEACHING SECTION OF A PAPER MILL FOR MINIMIZATION OF FRESH WATER CONSUMPTION AND WASTEWATER GENERATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWater system integration can minimize both fresh water consumption and wastewater discharge from the paper mills. In thepresent study, Pinch Technology was used to analyze and optimize the water network of an integrated paper mill. A system wasdeveloped and a limiting constraint (COD concentration) was identified based on investigations for water quality, and thenminimum fresh water and wastewater targets were determined without considering water losses. The analysis was extended byestim...
Autori: Sudheer Kumar Shukla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26240

OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS FOR TOTAL RECOVERY OF ALUMINUM FROM SMELTING SLAG 1. REMOVAL OF SOLUBLE SALTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWashing black aluminum (Al) slag to obtain soluble salts is an important stage of the smelting slag treatment at technologicalprocess. This process is used to recover Al as a coagulant for water purification. This research aims at establishing the optimalconditions for washing (e.g. temperature (T), solid: liquid ratio (S : L), time, the recirculation waters in the system). The goal ofresearch was to determine: a) the removal with maximum efficiency of the soluble salts from black Al sla...
Autori: Romanita Teodorescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26243

ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY FORMULATIONS OF 2,6-DICHLOROBENZONITRILE PESTICIDE INTERCALATED INTO CALCINED LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe intercalation of 2,6-dichlorobenzonitrile (DBN) into the NiMgAlLDH, CuMgAlLDH and MgAlLDH layered doublehydroxides was carried out using the calcination-rehydration reaction using NiMgAl, CuMgAl and MgAl oxide precursors,obtained by calcination at 550oC. X-ray diffraction (XRD), elemental analysis, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) andthermogravimetric analysis (TG-DTG) confirmed that DBN molecules were successfully intercalated into the interlayer spaces ofLDHs. The resulting solid produ...
Autori: Mihaela Silion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26244

EXPLOITATION OF AN ANAEROBIC UP-FLOW COLUMN REACTOR (AUFCR) USING ACTIVATED SLUDGE BIOMASS FOR THE DECOLORIZATION OF DYES AND COD REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe aims of this study were to investigate the performance of anaerobic up-flow column reactor (AUFCR) and immobilizedactivated sludge biomass (ASB) potential for the adsorption of dye drimarene Blue-K2RL (Db-K2RL) and removal of chemicaloxygen demand (COD) from textile wastewater (TWW). AUFCR with ASB at flow rate of 50 mL h-1 and hydraulic retentiontime (HRT) of 10 h showed 95% dye adsorption at pH 4 and 87% COD reduction at pH 6 while non-activated sludge (NAS)showed only 60% of adsor...
Autori: Anwar Ahmad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26246

UTILIZATION OF AGROINDUSTRIAL WASTE AND DAIRY WASTE IN SOLID STATE PRODUCTION OF LACTIC ACID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe abundant availability of solid agroindustrial waste, sugarcane bagasse from sugar mills and juice extraction units, can bepotentially beneficial for the production of fermentation based biochemicals, paper boards and power. However, its role incausing bagassosis, an acute respiratory disease among the personnel handling large dry deposits has also been detected. Disposal of liquid waste whey from dairy industries poses a formidable threat to the aquatic ecosystem due to high BOD and ...
Autori: Manoj K. Ghosh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26248

BIODEGRADATION OF PHENOLIC WASTEWATERS BY CALCIUM ALGINATE IMMOBILIZED Aeromonas SPECIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractIndigenous isolated bacterium Aeromonas sp. was immobilized in calcium alginate and the related immobilization parameterslike bead diameter, inoculum size and the initial phenol concentration required for biodegradation were determined. Thebiodegradation activity was most efficient with 4 mm calcium alginate beads. The optimal immobilized biomass required wasabout 28 109 cells/mL. Compared with free-cell suspensions, the alginate matrix used for immobilization of cells provided betterenv...
Autori: Abdelkader Namane
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26249

OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS FOR TOTAL RECOVERY OF ALUMINUM FROM SMELTING SLAG 2. REMOVAL OF ALUMINUM SULFATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThis paper continues the previous investigations regarding the technology for the Aluminum (Al) recovery as Al sulfate fromblack Al slag. Leaching is the next compulsory step in the Al extraction process. The paper studies the influence of mothersolutionsŽ (MS) recirculation resulted from the process within the system over the quality of Al sulfate and the siliceous residue(R) and, the aluminum nitride (AlN) hydrolyses in the leaching process. The optimum parameters determined are: *the ...
Autori: Romanita Teodorescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26250

STUDIES ON BUILDING CERAMICS MANUFACTURING BY INCORPORATING DRIED SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe paper analyses the opportunity of recycling sewage sludge in the manufacturing of ceramic building materials. Wastewatertreatment plants (WWTP) produce annually a great volume of sludge and its processing become more difficult. On the otherhand, there is an increased need to develop new alternatives beyond the already known methods. The use of WWTP sludge asraw material for the production of bricks may become an interesting alternative, both from an industrial and environmental point...
Autori: Anna-Maria Szőke
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26251

ROUTING SYSTEM FOR INFECTIOUS HEALTHCARE-WASTE TRANSPORTATION IN TUNISIA: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractHealthcare waste management is one of the most important environmental problems in the world and particularly in Tunisia,because of the potential environmental hazards and public health risks. The collection of infectious healthcare waste is a highlyvisible and important service that involves large expenditures. This study discusses the off-site transport problem of infectioushealthcare waste from the 12 hospitals in the governorate of Sfax (Tunisia) to a planned steam sterilization disp...
Autori: Wafik Hachicha
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26252

ARTIFICIAL AERATION TO ENHANCE THE MINERALIZATION OF MONO AZO (METHYL ORANGE)-CONTAINING WASTEWATER USING RECIRCULATED UP-FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment performance of mono azo dye Methyl Orange (MO)-containing wastewater byrecirculated up-flow constructed wetland (UFCW) with and without supplementary aeration. The successive anaerobic andaerobic treatment of the UFCW reactors could effectively remove color, organic matters and intermediate aromatic aminessimultaneously in a single reactor. With influent 50 mg/L of MO, the removal efficiencies of COD and MO were 91 and 75 %,respectively,...
Autori: Soon-An Ong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26254

REMOVAL OF DYE AND CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING HYBRID BIOREACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA bench-scale anaerobic bioreactor for the anaerobic treatment of textile wastewater using anaerobic sludge was experimented.The Top and bottom of hybrid bioreactor were functioned with UAF (Up Flow Anaerobic Filter) and UASB (Up Flow AnaerobicSludge Blanket), respectively. The effect of organic loading rate (OLR) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on treatment oforganic matters in the textile wastewater was investigated. The maximum removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colorwas 9...
Autori: Reza Katal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26255

COMPUTER-AIDED IMAGE ANALYSIS AND EPR CHARACTERIZATION OF TRANSFORMED ASBESTOS CONTAINING WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractInvestigations on thermochemical transformation of asbestos fibers followed by computer aided image analysis are presented.Asbestos Containing Wastes (ACW), notably asbestos-cement, were characterized before and after microwave heating withadditives aimed at reacting with and transforming asbestos fibers. Microprobe analysis helped determine the chemicalcompositions. X ray diffraction (XRD) was used to confirm decomposition of asbestos fibers during microwave heating. Electronparamagneti...
Autori: Yan Yvon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26256

LONG-TERM TREATMENT EFFICIENCY OF A HORIZONTAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND AT JIMLÍKOV, CZECH REPUBLIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe present study is aimed at a long-term treatment performance of a constructed wetland with horizontal subsurface flow atJimlíkov, Czech Republic. The system was put in operation in 1993 and the treatment performance is evaluated for the period1998-2009 due to non-existence of results from the beginning of operation. The parameters of concern were BOD5 (biochemicaloxygen demand), COD (chemical oxygen demand), TSS (total suspended solids), NH4-N (ammonia-N) and TP (totalphosphorus). A t...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26258

OPTIMIZATION OF ANAEROBIC BAFFLED REACTOR (ABR) USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThis study is focused on simulating and optimizing design and configuration of anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) by means ofartificial neural network (ANN). This approach is aimed to assess an efficient ABR performance in various operational conditionstreating municipal wastewater. For this purpose, to analyze comprehensively on a base of experimental data, the system isoperated in two pilots of 48 liters net volume made of 8 compartments. In 7 months, more than 130 sets of data are obtain...
Autori: Gagik Badalians Gholikandi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26260

POLLUTION WITH METALS (As, Sb, Hg, Zn) IN AGRICULTURAL SOIL LOCATED CLOSE TO ZARSHURAN GOLD MINE, IRAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractZarshuran As-Au deposit is the major ore deposit in northwest of Iran. Having been exposed to weathering, the accumulatedmining waste is consumed to deteriorate regional soil and water quality. Accordingly, 11 composite surface soil samples werecollected to evaluate the metallic pollution. Mean concentration of elements As, Sb, Hg and Zn were measured to be 234.9, 19.6,24.2 and 476.7 ppm, respectively. In comparison with mean earth crust and local guidelines for agricultural soil, the sa...
Autori: Abdolreza Karbassi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26262

URBAN ENERGY SAVING AND CARBON REDUCTION POTENTIAL OF NEW-TYPES OF BUILDING MATERIALS BY RECYCLING COAL MINING WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe construction industry is one of the main sectors of energy consumption and carbon emissions in China. The new-types ofbuilding materials can be produced by recycling industrial solid wastes which is an effective solution to development of greenbuilding materials and abatement of environmental emissions. In this paper, new-types of bricks made of fly ash (residuesgenerated in coal combustion) and coal gangue (a kind of solid wastes generated in coal mining and coal production) and the...
Autori: Haitao Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26265

AN APPROACH ON ATTACHED GROWTH PROCESS FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe applications of biofilm treatment technologies for domestic wastewater are being increased in many parts of the world. Theaim of the study is to assess a compacted aerobic attached growth fix-film unit (termed Bio-cache) for treatment of small volumedomestic wastewater. The system consists of the miniature plastic packing matrix, which provides a large surface area of 300m2/m3, so as to maintain the high rate growth of viable organisms responsible for organic degradation. The study o...
Autori: Alireza Valipour
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26266

PLANT SITE SELECTION FOR RECYCLING PLANTS OF WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT IN TURKEY BY USING MULTI CRITERIA DECISION MAKING METHODS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractWaste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) is increasing day by day more than the amount of municipal wastes in thedeveloping world. According to researches of Ministry of Environment and Urbanism in Turkey, to meet growing waste demandin all regions, 850 collection points for the district municipalities and 15 large collection centres are needed. From this point ofview, in this study, the site selection of the plants used for planning and recycling of electrical and electronic equ...
Autori: Müfide Banar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26268

UTILIZATION OF OIL WELL-DERIVED DRILLING WASTE IN SHALE-BRICK PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe main objective of this study is to investigate the utilization potential of oil well-derived drilling waste (DW) in the firedshale-brick production. Different mixtures were suggested for the experimental work with the DW content varying from 20% to40%. The prepared briquettes from different mixture were fired at a temperature ranging from 950°C to 1050°C for 1 h, with aheating rate of 2~3°C /min. Water absorption, apparent porosity, bulk density, weight loss by ignition, firing shrin...
Autori: XiangGuo Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26269

SOLID MATERIAL MOTION LAW IN VERTICAL FEEDING SYSTEM WITHIN FULLY MECHANIZED COAL MINING AND BACKFILLING TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractBased on principles of feeding solid waste into vertical boreholes in fully mechanized coal mining and backfilling technology,the literature established a trajectory model of particles in gas-solid two-phase flow for the sake of reducing the damage tostorage silo underground done by enormous impulsive force generated by falling solid waste. In addition, dynamical analysismethod in gas-solid two-phase flow field was adopted herein to study the solid particles’ force characteristics and th...
Autori: Nan Zhou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26271

STUDY ON THE REMOVAL CHARACTERISTIC OF ACID VIOLET DYE FROM SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER USING A NOVEL RHA/PFA/CFA SORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA novel RHA/PFA/CFA sorbent was developed by sol-gel method using three types of ashes, i.e. rice husk ash (RHA), palm oilfuel ash (PFA) and coal fly ash. From surface analysis of selected RHA/PFA/CFA sorbents, the spent sorbent had more compactstructures covered by irregular rough surface and the specific structure of raw RHA, PFA, and CFA were no longer visible. Inaddition, lower specific surface area was obtained for spent RHA/PFA/CFA sorbent. Batch studies were performed to evaluatet...
Autori: Irvan Dahlan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26272

TREATMENT OF NYLON PRODUCTION WASTEWATER BY BIOLOGICAL ANAEROBIC FILTER IN COMBINATION WITH A/O PROCESS – A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents the full-scale treatment of nylon production wastewater in a wastewater treatment plant in Henan province, Central China. In this case, a 9600 m3/d capacity wastewater treatment plant was installed to treat the wastewater generated from the production of nylon-66 salt, based on the biological anaerobic filter (BAnF) combined with an anoxic/oxic (A/O) process. The performance of the biological combined system was monitored over a 75-day period. The results revealed tha...
Autori: Chunlian Xu, Haiming Huang, Jiankun Dai, Jianrong Qi, Qianwu Song, Shaowei Wu, Wenjun Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26276

MECHANISM OF Cr(VI) BIOACCUMULATION BY Phanerochaete chrysosporium
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of Cr(VI) bioaccumulation by livingand active Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Fungal growth was inhibited beyond 10 mg L-1 Cr(VI) concentration thereby reducing the chromium bioaccumulation capacity. The optimum pH was found to be 6 for the growth and bioaccumulation of Cr(VI) by P. chrysosporium. Bioaccumulation efficiency decreased from 81.47% to 23.82% when Cr(VI) concentration was increased from 10 to 40 mg L-1. A Fourier tra...
Autori: Kaustubha Mohanty, Somasundaram Murugavelh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26280

INFLUENCE OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS ON ELECTROCOAGULATION PROCESS IN PULP AND PAPER MILL EFFLUENT TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractIn the present work an optimized experimental condition has been developed for the treatment of pulp and paper mill wastewater using an electrocoagulation process. The removal efficiency of 85 % COD and 94 % of color with a good repeatability of results (RSD <3%) has been achieved under the optimal experimental conditions of pH-7, treatment time of 2 h and a current density of 15 A/m2. In this study, wastewater from paper mill has been used and thus, high efficacy of removing the poll...
Autori: Chhaya Sharma, Rajni Sharma, Satish Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26281

STUDY OF Cd (II) AND Cr (VI) BIOSORPTION BY MESOCARPS OF ORANGE AND SOUR ORANGE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe objectives of this study were to investigate of cadmium and chromium adsorption from aqueous solutions by using orange (Citrus sinensis var Tampson) and sour orange (Citrus aurantium) mesocarp. The chemometric approach was applied for the optimization of removal percent of Cd2+ and Cr6+. To optimize Cd2+ and Cr6+ removal percent, the effect of four experimental parameters on removal percent was investigated by means of multivariate analysis. The considered factors were Cd2+ and Cr6+ ...
Autori: Maryam Bagheri Ardebilian, Mohammad Ali Zazouli, Pouneh Ebrahimi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26287

ESTIMATION OF OPTIMUM FILTER CAKE IN PRODUCTION OF IMPERMEABLE LAYER USING FUZZY LOGIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractWorldwide, waste materials are produced as a by-product of industrial manufacturing and placed in storage areas. One of the waste materials is filter cake (FC). FC is formed during the infiltration of cooling water in steel factories. The main aim of this research is determination of optimum usage of FC in the production of impermeable layer on ground by using fuzzy model approach. Because of this, in the study, FC as a waste material was hardened with cement and an impermeable layer was...
Autori: İlker Bekir Topçu, Murat Karacasu, Tayfun Uygunoğlu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26288

SORPTION OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM ION ONTO A STRONG BASIC ANION EXCHANGER: EQUILIBRIUM ISOTHERMS AND KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractHexavalent chromium can contaminate drinking water resources and should therefore be removed from industrial waste effluents. The use of ion exchange resin was examined in batch tests to remove Cr (VI) from acidic solution by Amberlite IRA 410. Equilibrium data were analyzed and modelled using Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms and the results showed that the adsorption behaviour of Cr (VI) could be accurately described by means of a Langmuir model. The monolayer adsorption cap...
Autori: Abdeltif Amrane, Aicha Bensmaili, Malika Chabani, Yasmine Ait Ouaissa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26289

REMOVAL OF As(III) AND As(V) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING MODIFIED SOLID WASTE VEGETABLE OIL INDUSTRY AS A NATURAL ADSORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents the results of the removal of arsenite and arsenate ions from an aqueous solution using Fenton modified solid waste vegetable oil industry (SWVOI). Several factors (such as pH, contact time and Fe2+/H2O2 ratio, initial arsenic ion concentration and adsorbent concentration) that affect the arsenic ion adsorption on the SWVOI adsorbent material were investigated. The sorption characteristics of the adsorbent material before modification were also studied and compared wi...
Autori: Hoda Amiri, Mehdi Ahmadi, Nemat Jaafarzadeh, Susana Silva Martínez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26290

MINIMIZATION OF CHEMICAL RISK BY USING RECOVERED ALUMINIUM FROM METALLURGICAL SLAG AS COAGULANT IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractSecondary aluminium production inherently generates significant amounts of slag of variate composition and including dangerous compounds. Consequently, a care treatment of the resulted slag is imperatively necessary for preventing the environment pollution and for recovering valuable materials even if present in low amounts. The aluminium recovering procedure is based on a chemical and hydrometallurgical slag treatment, leading to the technical grade aluminium sulphate (AS), possible to ...
Autori: Carmen Tociu, Cristina Maria, Elena Diacu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26295

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND RISK ASSESSMENT IN THE AREA OF “PATA RÂT” LANDFILL SITE, CLUJ–NAPOCA, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis study aims to investigate the environmental impacts of the municipal waste disposal facility of Pata Rat, Cluj-Napoca, Romania during dry periods of the year. The environmental impact assessment on the landfill site was carried out on the basis of the measurements of environmental quality indicators. Environmental indicators were measured in the surface water, soil and air. For the assessment of the environmental impacts generated by landfill on surface water measurements were carri...
Autori: Ákos Rédey, Anca Gurzau, Antoanela Popovici, Constantin Măruţoiu, Fazekas Bence, , Ildiko Varga, Raluca Mariana Haţegan, Tatiana Yuzhakova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26296

BIOREMEDIATION CONTAINING WASTEWATER BY OF P-NITROPHENOL AEROBIC GRANULES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractAerobic granulation is a novel biotechnique for the treatment of coloured wastewater containing toxic xenobiotics in sequencingbatch reactor (SBR). The aerobic granules were investigated as a potential biomaterial for biodegradation of p-nitrophenol. Theremoval efficiency of p-nitrophenol was 93 % after 65 days of operation at 8 hr hydraulic retention time (HRT). The aerobicgranules were cultivated at a p-nitrophenol loading rate of 0.9 kg m-3 day-1, with sodium acetate as co-substrate t...
Autori: Pijush Kanti Mondal, Rais Ahmad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26302

REMOVAL OF COLOR AND COD FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION CONTAINING DYES BY ELECTROCOAGULATION IN A NEW CELL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractA new cell design which makes an efficient use of the cathodically evolved H2 to improve the mixing efficiency and thefloatation ability during electrocoagulation was used to remove dyes from waste solution. In this study, the decolorization andCOD reduction of colored solutions containing reactive and basic dyes by electrocoagulation was investigated using aluminumelectrodes in a batch mode. The effect of operating parameters such as current density, initial dye concentration, NaClconce...
Autori: El Sayed Zakaria El Ashtoukhy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26303

FENTON AND PHOTO-FENTON OXIDATION OF SULFIDIC SPENT CAUSTIC: A COMPARATIVE STUDY BASED ON STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThis investigation compared the performance of Fenton and photo-Fenton oxidation processes in the treatment of sulfidic spentcaustic wastewater. Response surface methodology, particularly central composite design was used to investigate the effect ofFe/H2O2 and H2O2/COD in assessing treatment process efficiency. Empirical models were developed to describe the relationshipbetween the factors and responses. The models were validated through analysis of variance and were further used in pro...
Autori: Azmi Aris, Mohd Ariffin Abu Hassan, Sharifah Hanis Yasmin Sayid Abdullah, Siti Fadilah Md Noor, Zainura Zainon Noor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26307

DISCHARGE FACTORS OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE OF HOSPITALS IN TAIWAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThis investigation consists of an analysis of data collected by the Industrial Waste Control Center Report System. Biomedicalwaste accounted for 20.90-25.54% of all hospital waste in Taiwan from 2005 to 2011. The waste discharge factors were 2.31 and3.26 kg/bed/day at bed occupancy rates of 80% and 60%, the biomedical waste discharge factors were 0.50 and 0.83 kg/bed/day,respectively. These discharge factors can be used to determine whether the amount of solid waste reported by a hospita...
Autori: Jim Juimin Lin, Mei-Chuan Huang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26308

REMOVAL AND PRECONCENTRATION OF CADMIUM ON POLYSTYRENE-GRAFT-ETHYLMETHACRYLATE COPOLYMER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe removal and determination of toxic heavy metal ions in aqueous solutions has been given much more attention over the pastfew years. In this paper, a removal and separation/preconcentration method for cadmium species on Poly S15-g-EMA100 (a kind ofpolystyrene-graft-ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in water samples was developed. Some experimental parameters, such assolution pH, sample flow rate, type and concentration of eluent, amount of adsorbent and effect of common matrix ions werein...
Autori: Harun Ciftci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26317

EQUILIBRIUM MODELLING OF COPPER IONS BIOSORPTION BY DATE STONES AND PALM-TREES WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe biosorption equilibrium isotherms of copper ions from wastewater onto date stones (DS) and palm-trees Waste (PTW) inaqueous solution over a range of temperatures between 25 and 70°C were studied and modelled. To predict the biosorptionisotherms and to determine the characteristic parameters for process design, five models frequently used in the literature -Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, Sips and Redlich-Peterson were applied to experimental data.The Langmuir’s model gives the most acc...
Autori: Fatiha Mechati, Fatima Addoun, Mejdi Jeguirim, Meriem Belhachemi, Zohra Belala
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26319

EVALUATION OF FOUR PESTICIDES RESIDUES CONTENTS IN THE CITRUS FRUITS FROM SOUSS-MASSA AREA (MOROCCO)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractA number of 138 samples of citrus fruits (oranges), produced in Souss-Massa area in south of Morocco, were analysed. Amultiresidue method was assessed for the determination of several organophosphorus pesticides using gas chromatography. Theextraction of pesticides was carried out by liquid-liquid extraction and solid-phase clean-up. The pesticide were separated bycapillary column gas chromatography and detected by the Nitrogen Phosphorus Detector (NPD). The majority of pesticidesrecover...
Autori: Abdelaziz Ait Addi, El Habib Ait Addi, Fouad Achemchem
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26320

PERFOMANCE OF SINGLE-STAGE ROTATING BIOLOGICAL CONTACTOR WITH SUPPLEMENTAL AERATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe aim of this paper was to study the performance of a single-stage rotating biological contactor with supplemental aeration interms of removal efficiency of organic and nitrogen content. Research was based on fifteen samples collected during the fouryear period. The wastewater was low strength with maximal measured concentration of 362 mg COD/l, 100 mg NH4/l, and 324mg TSS/L. The maximal measured removal efficiency of COD (chemical oxygen demand) and TSS (total suspend solids) were71% ...
Autori: Dragan Cvetkovic, Dusan Gordic, Milorad Bojić, Srdjan Stosic, Vanja Susterstic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26322

APPLICATION AND EFFICIENCY OF PACKAGING WASTE COLLECTION PRACTICES IN KOCAELI, TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the results of an urban pilot project on separate collection of packaging wastes. The projecthas been performed in a developed and industrialized city of Turkey, Kocaeli with the aim of collecting packaging wastesgenerated in residents, public offices and other business offices. The project was carried out according to packaging wastemanagement plans developed by sub-municipalities in coordination with Kocaeli Metropolitan Municipality. Total monthly...
Autori: İsmail Özbay
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26325

DESIGNING AND TESTING A SEPTIC TANK FOR A SINGLE HOUSEHOLD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractA septic tank is an essential part of the decentralized wastewater management system. The aim of the experiment described inthis paper was to evaluate the impact of the method of sampling and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on the performance of acircular three chamber septic tank and to design a septic tank for a single household with four residents and wastewater flowrateof 0.6 m3/d. It was found out that the difference between suspended solids (SS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) remo...
Autori: Ala Kirjanova, Mindaugas Rimeika, Regimantas Dauknys
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26329

INTEGRATED ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AND WASTE MINIMIZATION IN THE AREA OF COPPER MINE BOR, SERBIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThis paper discusses some environmental problems caused by the mine waste from the Copper Mine Bor in Serbia. The CopperMine Bor and the Smelter generated about 2x109 tones of waste materials, located in the vicinity of the Bor. They cover mining,flotation tailings and smelting slag wastes. The existing mine waste have been formed during a hundred-year-old of mining andmetallurgical activities in Bor. Also, new quantities of wastes (up to ten thousand tones) have been produced daily by u...
Autori: Jovica M. Sokolović, Novica Milosević, Rodoljub D. Stanojlović
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26334

EFFECT OF MEDIUM NUTRIENTS ON Cr(III) REMOVAL BY Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Aspergillus niger AND Aspergillus oryzae
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractIn this work, the effect of the addition of some nutrients on fungal growth and removal of Cr(III) were investigated. Theconsidered fungi, isolated from real tanning factory environment were Phanerochaete chrysosporium, Aspergillus niger and A.oryzae. Firstly, the optimal conditions for fungal growth were determined as a function of pH, contact time, temperature andagitation speed. Secondly, the effect of the addition of some nutrients on fungal growth was examined. Without the addition ...
Autori: Abdeltif Amrane, Mansur Zarrabi, Mohammad Noori Sepehr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26337

REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF LEAD (II) FROM SIMULATED SOLUTION USING ALGINATE IMMOBILIZED PAPAIN (AIP)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractLead (II) can bind with papain at its active site, destroying the enzymatic activity. Papain a sulfhydryl protease has beenimmobilized in calcium alginate bead for the purpose of removal of lead (II) from industrial waste water. Effect of lead (II) onthe enzyme activity of immobilized papain, has been observed. A detailed kinetic study has been carried out and the data arefitted to different kinetic models. EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry) and desorption study suggest that meta...
Autori: Aparupa Bhattacharyya, Parameswar De, Soumasree Chatterjee, Srabanti Basu, Susmita Dutta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26338

MODELING HEAD LOSSES IN BIOLOGICAL AERATED FILTERS INCLUDING ACTIVE BIOMASS, INERT BIOMASS AND EXTRACELLULAR POLYMERIC SUBSTANCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractA deep understanding of the relationship between the solids deposition and head losses is vital to optimize the backwashing inbiological aerated filters (BAFs). In this article, the deposition solids were classified into four types: heterotrophic biomass,autotrophic biomass, inert biomass and extracellular polymeric substances (EPS). A concept model was developed to simulatethe solid deposition and the head loss development. The temporal and spatial distributions of the four types of sol...
Autori: Chengda He, Dongsu Bi, Jun Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26347

PROMOTING ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY USING SANITARY TAX: THE CASE OF AGRO-FOOD INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER IN SPAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe discharge of industrial effluents is a growing concern for companies, policy makers and the sanitary water system due to thepossible damage to environment. In Spain, wastewater discharge made into the sewer network is regulated locally by the SanitaryTax (ST). Consequently, for the latter, regulation and cost differences exist. In this paper, the role of Spanish STs to promoteenvironmental protection through the treatment of industrial wastewater (IWW) is analyzed. The study is focus...
Autori: Irene Carra, Isabel María Román Sánchez, José Antonio Sánchez Pérez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26350

FACTORS AFFECTING BIOLOGICAL SULPHATE REDUCTION IN TANNERY WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractA pilot scale Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF) treating tannery wastewaters was operated for 160 days. The UAF was fed with lowCOD/SO42- ratio (SO42- = 1810 mg L-1, CODtotal = 2530 mg L-1) for the investigation of sulphate and COD removal as a functionof substrates limitation and ammonia and sulphide inhibition. Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) out-competed methanogenicbacteria due to the low influent COD/SO42- ratio, the high concentration of sulphide and the presence of inhibiting compoun...
Autori: Alberto Mannucci, Claudio Lubello, Giulio Munz, Gualtiero Mori
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26353

MEASURING EFFICIENCY OF RECYCLING SYSTEMS BASED ON DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) NETWORK: A CASE FROM CHINESE PROVINCIAL CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractAs a typical environment-economy linking system, recycling and its efficiency measurement with a triple-bottom-line (TBL)thinking, increasingly play an important role in the development of real economies and environmental protection. Since theclassic black-box-based data envelopment analysis DEA model may over-estimate the operation performance of a decisionmaking unit (DMU), this paper describes a novel network based on DEA model to narrow the gap between the DEA theory andpractical nee...
Autori: Huaqing Wu, Qiong Xia, Weidong Zhu, Yixian Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26362

KINETIC STUDY OF PHENOL REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATER OVER A 0.5% Pt/ γ-Al2O3 CATALYST IN A TRICKLE BED REACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractCatalytic wet oxidation (CWO) of phenol was studied in the present work. The effect of liquid hourly space velocity (LHSV),superficial gas velocity, reactor pressure, temperature and initial phenol concentration on phenols removal was investigated.Results showed that phenol conversion increased with increasing reaction temperature, reactor pressure, and superficial gasvelocity of oxygen, yet it decreased with increasing (LHSV). The results exhibited that the highest phenol conversion of(...
Autori: Farah T. Jasim, Luma S. Ahmed, Mohammad F. Abid
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26381

INDUSTRIAL TESTS OF WASTE ROCK DIRECT BACKFILLING UNDERGROUND IN FULLY MECHANIZED COAL MINING FACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractFor efficient, economical and environmentally disposing the waste rock underground, based on principles of waste directbackfilling in fully mechanized coal mining, this paper carries out a field test in 6304-1 working face of Jining No.3 Coal Mine.We first design a waste rock direct underground processing system, including screening-crushing system, transportation system,transfer system, stope backfilling system and coal mining system. Then optimize the waste backfilling and coal miningt...
Autori: Jixiong Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Xu Zhao, Yanli Huang, Zhan Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26383

ANALYSIS OF EXPLOSIVITY PARAMETERS AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY FOR COMBUSTIBLE DUSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractIn industrial plants many types of combustible dusts are generated, processed, handled and stored. When ignited, they can burnrapidly and with a considerable explosion force, when mixed with air in proper proportions. This is the reason why adequateprecautions have to be adopted, to ensure all equipment is appropriately protected so that the ignition likelihood of the explosiveatmosphere is diminished.Explosion preventing and protection precautions aim to stop explosion occurrence, by el...
Autori: Adrian Jurca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26406

PROCEDURE FOR METAL CUTTING USING EXPLOSIVES, WITH LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractResearches aim to develop new knowledge in the metal cutting field, using a relatively new technique with a low number ofapplications nationwide, namely the flexible explosive charge with cumulative effect for fast and precise cutting of metals. Theprocedure of cutting with explosives is a process that involves using and handling materials in their solid phase.This procedure isespecially applied in cases where materials are mostly metals and it uses a directed and controlled cumulative e...
Autori: Ilie Ciprian Jitea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26410

MODELLING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS IN A SMALL PLANT USING A SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR (SBR)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe industrial development, the demographic growth and the limitation of the natural regions have determined a continuousdegradation of the water quality due to high concentrations and complexity of pollutants from the wastewater. The centralizedand decentralized treatment systems apply treatment procedures and techniques which can be complementary in solving theenvironmental pollution problems due to wastewater. In the present paper a three-dimensional mathematical model waselaborated b...
Autori: Narcis Barsan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26422

STUDY ON THE COMPOSITION OF MUNICIPAL WASTE IN URBAN AREAS OF PRAHOVA COUNTY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractIn Romania’s industrialized areas there are a large number of people, and therefore the amount of generated waste becomesimportant. Moreover, waste management activities have a high share in local and national administration. Prahova County hadthe highest national average density of 62.83 inhabitants/km2. With two major cities, Ploiesti and Campina, the composition ofthe urban and rural waste stored in landfill does not always respect the existing norms at national and local level. The s...
Autori: Casen Panaitescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26423

ACCIDENTAL POLLUTION WITH AMMNONIA. INFLUENCE OF METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractAir quality in urban areas mostly depends on the type and size of industrial activities, traffic intensity, municipal and industrialwaste management. In addition to these factors, air quality in urban areas also depends on the size and quality of green areas,population density, geographic and climatic conditions. This paper reveals the correlations between air quality aspects in BacauCity, Romania (related to 2011) and the most representative climatic factors that influence the pollutant...
Autori: Doina Capsa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26424

HEAT RECOVERY FROM MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER: EVALUATION AND PROPOSALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractMunicipal wastewater, characterized by temperatures of 14-22°C in the inflow of Wastewater Treatment Plants and above 35-40°C in domestic outflows, represents a relevant thermal energy source. A feasibility study of the implementation of heatrecovery from a specific sewer system should take into account several aspects: potential heat capacity (depending on wastewatertemperature and flow rate in the considered area and climate conditions, and on the sewer characteristics), users that cou...
Autori: Silvia Fiore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26427

NEW VIABLE INDUSTRIAL WASTES MIX FOR FODDER YEASTS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe study aimed the diversification of fodder yeast assortments with viable economic effects while reducing the environmentpollution by capitalization of wastewaters with high monosaccharides content from pulp and paper industry and residual wheyfrom milk industry. Using the Response Surface Methodology the fabrication recipe has been optimized according to anexperimental program based on a mathematical model with biomass, protein and residual sugar as response functions. Theculture medi...
Autori: Livia Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26429

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF NOISE LEVELS GENERATED BY ROLLING BEARINGS IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF DETERIORATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractRolling bearings are one of the most commonly mechanical elements used in the construction of dynamic equipment. Thiselement can be considerate as a noise source as a result of relative motion of the components from their construction: rings,rolling elements and cage. The noise level increase with the increase of the roller bearings wear. By analyzing of the rollerbearings wear level, which appear due to the component failure, it can be determine the deterioration stage and their remaini...
Autori: Dumitru-Cristinel Nadabaica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26430

NUMERICAL STUDY OF DESICCANT WHEEL BEHAVIOR FOR ENVIRONMENTALLY FRIENDLY AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractOpen-cycle desiccant air conditioning represents an attractive alternative to the classical method based on electric vaporcompression. The performance of the rotary dehumidifier has a significant effect on the capability, size and cost of the whole airconditioning system. In the present paper a detailed two-dimensional mathematical model of coupled heat and mass transferprocesses manifesting at the moist air-solid desiccant interface has been formulated. It was studied packed bed absorbe...
Autori: Carmen Ema Panaite
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26434

PERSPECTIVES FOR ENERGETIC VALORIZATION OF WASTEWATER SEWAGE SLUDGE: THE TURIN CASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe right individuation of the more convenient solution for final treatment and destination of sewage sludge deriving fromwastewater plants, normally after anaerobic digestion process, is a very interesting problem, in accounting of urgent needs foracceptable solutions. The produced sludge, primarily after thermal drying, can be sent to energetic valorization processes as, forexample, incineration, gasification and also pyrolysis. In this work we examined the thermal solutions (both dire...
Autori: Deborah Panepinto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26435

IMPACTS OF ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITIES IN BACAU AREA UPON HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION ON BISTRITA RIVER SIDES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe main objective of the current research is to determine the content of heavy metals from the Bistrita river banks, respectivelyupstream of Bacau city, Romania, in Bogdan Voda area, and downstream of Bacau city. Because of their bio-accumulationtendency heavy metals can generate a negative impact on soil, as well as on certain physiological and biochemical indicators ofplants and animals metabolism. The selection of sampling points (upstream and downstream of Bacau city) took intoconsi...
Autori: Cristian Radu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26436

APPLICATION OF SYNTHETIC CHEMICAL COMPOUNDS IN PETROLEUM SLUDGE TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe sludge treatment processes represent a priority when we refer to the municipal wastewater treatment, but can implicate verycomplex studies and applications if we consider the industrial wastewater recovery and treatment processes. Even if the industrialsludges are seen as wastes, they can represent an important resource if are properly managed in the storage, treatment andrecovery processes. This paper aims to identify some methods to optimize the coagulation and flocculation process...
Autori: Mariana Turcu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26444

BIOSORPTION OF AMARANTH DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ROOTS, LEAVES, STEMS AND THE WHOLE PLANT OF E. crassipes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractIn the present work, the kinetics of amaranth dye biosorption onto the roots, stems, leaves and the whole plant of water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes) were studied for differential evaluation of the plant’s biosorptive potential to remove the toxic dye fromaqueous solutions. E. crassipesŽ leaves showed the highest level of amaranth dye biosorption (43.1 mg/g), followed by the entireplant (31.18 mg/g), the roots (28.51 mg/g), and finally by the stems (23.97 mg/g). The same differential t...
Autori: Imelda Guerrero-Coronilla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26463

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT AND TOTAL CHROMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY PLUM (P. domestica L.) TREE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe main purpose of the present work was to evaluate the potential of plum (P. domestica L.) tree bark (PDB) to remove Cr(VI)and total chromium from aqueous solutions in batch systems. Experimental data showed that the Cr(VI) and total chromiumremoval capacity was dependent on operating variables such as PDB particle size, PDB pretreatment, solution pH, initial Cr(VI)concentration, and contact time. The mechanism of Cr(VI) removal by PDB implies two simultaneous processes: 1) the reducti...
Autori: Perla Vianey Lopez-Nuńez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26464

CONVENTIONAL vs. VACUUM SEWERAGE SYSTEM IN RURAL AREAS - AN ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe aim of this study is to investigate new perspectives with respect to the greening of the wastewater collection, subsequentlyassessing the value of the vacuum over the conventional wastewater collecting system in rural areas. The research was framedfrom the perspective of policy makers to aid in making decisions about benefits on long term horizon in implementing ecoinnovativeinfrastructure technologies. The study postulates the hypothesis that the vacuum sewerage system is technologi...
Autori: Iulia Carmen Ciobotici Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26456

RECOVERY OF WASTE GAS BY COMBUSTION IN AN ORIGINALLY DESIGNED PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThis work presents an original method and an automated installation to recover by combustion the waste gas obtained in theignition process of xylites in rotary kiln. The flue gas resulting from the combustion of waste gas, with light fuel support areused in the technological processes of obtaining activated carbon, satisfying the conditions where the oxygen content does notexceed 0.3 % vol. and the temperature is above 1200°C, conditions imposed by the Project Manager of the European pro...
Autori: Aurel Gaba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26461

EVALUATION OF CONTROL TECHNIQUES APPLIED ON A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS WITH ACTIVATED SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractWastewater treatment processes with activated sludge are described in the specialized literature by complex models withnonlinear parameterization, such as for example Activated Sludge Model ASM1, ASM2 or ASM3. Under these conditions, thedesign of control structures using the state space representation is very difficult. Suitable techniques to approach the control ofthese processes are using control structures based on an input-output model or using control structures obtained without eve...
Autori: Daniela Carp
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26470

NEW APPROACHES IN THE DESIGN OF PLASTIC PRODUCTS FOR EASY RECYCLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe researches were initiated in the context emphasized by the competition having the idea of profit at its base, and sustainabledevelopment, which imposes limitations through different regulations and standards which would involve supplementary costs.The research highlights the main trends in plastic product design in conditions of sustainable development of society. Plasticshave an important role in the configuration of the new products just in the phase of conception. Having in mind t...
Autori: Petrica Corabieru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26472

SILICA IMPREGNATED WITH CYPHOS IL-101 FOR Cs+ ADSORPTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractA series of experiments were performed to quantify the adsorption of Cesium on Silica impregnated withtrihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride (Cyphos IL-101). Non-radioactive cesium solution was used as a surrogate of theradioactive 137Cs. The obtained impregnated Silica with the studied ionic liquid was characterized through scanning electronmicroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in order to put in evidence that theimpregnation with the...
Autori: Adina Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26473

COMPARISON OF PHOTOCATALYTIC TREATMENT EFFECTIVENESS ON SEWAGE AND INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATERS
Nr. 8
AbstractWater samples from two types of sources: partially treated sewage generated by a medium-sized city, with a high quantity oftotal coliforms and partially treated industrial wastewater, which contained mostly petroleum products from refineries, weretreated using the same concentration of TiO2 catalyst, for different exposure periods. UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopicevaluation of the composition changes of wastewaters under non selective oxidation conditions (achieved by photocatalysis...
Autori: Gabriela Pavelescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26474

THE ROLE OF AQUATIC PLANTS AND MICROORGANISMS IN DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThis study aimed to assess the ability of microorganism populations and two aquatic plant species (water hyacinth - Eichhorniacrassipes Solms and water morning glory - Ipomoea aquatica) to treat domestic wastewater in Nhue Giang pond, Tay Mo village,Tu Liem District, Hanoi City in Vietnam. The results showed that microorganism populations in the pond water contained all ofgroups of microorganisms including bacteria, Actinomycetes, mold and yeast. In water inlet and outlet samples, bacter...
Autori: Nguyen Thi Loan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26476

HEAVY METAL BALANCE IN A HUNGARIAN MUNICIPAL SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe present study was undertaken to experimentally evaluate the heavy metal (HM) removal capacity of a municipal wastewatertreatment plant (WWTP) as a kind of mass balance. The aim of the work was to find a water or sludge stream in the WWTP thatcould be treated separately for heavy metal removal to maximize the same efficiency of the whole treatment technology.Although literature says that the HM content of sewage accumulates in the sewage sludge, the experimental results showed nocompl...
Autori: Gábor Gulyás
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26477

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT AND RECYCLED PAPER SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractMunicipal solid waste management is a matter experienced by the entire world, mostly encountered in urban areas as a result ofpopulation growth and increased income per capita. This issue always posed threats to environmental quality and human health,and continues to be one of the major environmental problems people continues to face. In the last few decades, the systemsanalysis techniques have been applied to manage the municipal solid waste (MSW) streams through a range of integrativem...
Autori: Cristina Ghinea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26481

COMBINED ULTRASONIC IRRADIATION AND AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION TREATMENT FOR OLIVE MILLS WASTEWATERS
Nr. 8
AbstractIn this study, the reduction of phenolic compounds and other organic pollutants from greenish black (GB) and dark brown (DB)olive mill wastewater (OMW) was investigated. Ultrasonic irradiation in combination with aerobic biodegradation was adoptedas the treatment technique. Operational parameters such as the duration of ultrasonic irradiation, ultrasonic power intensity andultrasonic frequency were tested to determine their effects on phenol, BOD, and COD degradations. It was found that ...
Autori: Zakaria Al-Qodah
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26484

CONSIDERATIONS FOR THE BASIS OF AN INNOVATIVE ECO-FRIENDLY WASTEWATER BIOREMEDIATION TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractBiodegradation is a “green”, powerful and cost-effective way to remediate polluted environment. Still traditional biodegradationtechnologies of hazardous hydrophobic pollutants are generally limited by low bioavailability of such contaminants. That is whythere is a need to develop innovative approaches to enhance the efficiency of biodegradation. The aim of the present work was todevelop the basis of an innovative eco-friendly wastewater treatment technology for remediation of effluents ...
Autori: Tatiana Pantsyrnaya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26487

RESEARCH ON PARAMETERS CHANGES OF THE TWO-LEVEL MULTICHANNEL CYCLONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe conducted research has proved the dependence of gas flow rate in the separate channels of the two-level multichannel cycloneat a different inflow velocity and the number of channels. The carried out investigation demonstrates the dependence of changesin velocity in the channels under varying relations between peripheral and transitional flows. The work of a cyclone of the channelis based on centrifugal forces and an additionally occurring filtration process caused by the interaction ...
Autori: Pranas Baltrėnas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26488

REMOVING TOXIC COMPOUNDS FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe paper presents a hybrid method for the advanced removal of low biodegradable organic compounds from water, bycombining the separation selectivity of the membrane with the oxidation efficiency of the photocatalytic process. The aim of thisstudy is to evaluate the performance of the hybrid method to remove toxic compounds from wastewater. The advanced oxidationprocess, based on a photocatalytic reactor with continuous recirculation, ultraviolet (UV) radiations and a membrane, was usedf...
Autori: Cristina Orbeci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26490

ELECTROCHEMICAL DEGRADATION AND DETERMINATION OF PENTACHLOROPHENOL FROM WATER USING TIO2-MODIFIED ZEOLITE-CARBON COMPOSITE ELECTRODES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractIn this study, TiO2-zeolite modified carbon nanotubes-epoxy (TiO2-Z-CNT-Epoxy) and TiO2-zeolite modified carbon nanofibersepoxy(TiO2-Z-CNF-Epoxy) composite electrodes were applied for pentachlorophenol (PCP) degradation and determination inaqueous solution. The morpho-structural characterization of the composite electrodes was studied by scanning electronmicroscopy. The electrochemical behaviour of the electrodes was investigated under UV irradiation presence/absence, usingcyclic voltamm...
Autori: Ágnes Jakab
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26491

DYNAMICS OF A RHIZODEGRADATION PILOT UNIT TREATING GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATED WITH BISPHENOL-A
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractBisphenol-A (BPA; 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane) is a monomer used primarily in the production of polycarbonate andepoxy resins that has been reported to have estrogenic activity. The biodegradability of BPA has been previously investigated inseveral studies designed to simulate surface waters and biological wastewater treatment systems. However, there is littleinformation available about the phytoremediation of groundwater contaminated with BPA. Halophytic species are of specialintere...
Autori: Margarita A. Petoussi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26493

TOTAL AND DISSOLVED METALS OCCURRENCE IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT EFFLUENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractConcentrations of seven heavy metals (Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the discharged effluents of four wastewater treatmentplants located on the Romanian Black Seacoast, evaluated as average values for four seasons, during 2010-2011 are presented.Total and dissolved metals occurrence was investigated from seasonal samples, to assess the bioavailability of the heavy metalsin the discharged effluents. The analytical measurements were performed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAA...
Autori: Elisabeta Chirilă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26498

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS DUE TO HEAVY METAL POLLUTION OF WATER RESULTED FROM MINING WASTES IN NW ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe mining waste facilities in the Baia Mare region, Romania, resulted from the extraction of poly-metallic ores (including Au,Ag). Metal sulphide minerals from the mining waste facilities have a potential to produce acid rock drainage (ARD) and togenerate risk for the environment, including for the water resources. Some of the mining waste deposits from the region arelocated near the town of Baia Mare, close to the residential areas, the agricultural lands and the surface water. The sho...
Autori: Oana-Cristina Modoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26512

DECONTAMINATION OF SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER CONTAINING PHARMACEUTICAL CONTAMINANTS BY ANODIC OXIDATION WITH BORON- DOPED DIAMNOND (BDD) ELECTRODE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractTetracycline (TC) are used as bacteriostatic agents, inhibits the synthesis of bacterial proteins, with activity against awide variety of organisms with application in human and veterinary medicine. The presence of TC in theenvironment constitutes a serious problem, being weakly metabolized or absorbed into the human or animal bodycon. TC residues even in low concentration may produce serious toxic and other effects on humans and livingorganism. In this study are presented the applicatio...
Autori: Carmen Ionela Brînzilă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26513

ELECTROCHEMICAL RECLAMATION OF WASTEWATER RESULTED FROM PETROLEUM TANKER TRUCK CLEANING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractPetroleum tanker trucks are integral vehicles for delivering fuel and other petrochemical products from place to place and must becleaned regularly. Pressure washing with hot or cold water serving to remove oil and filth from the tanker truck container,produces oily waste water with an oil concentration of about 300-500 mg L-1 which, according to environmental standards andregulations worldwide, must be disposed of and treated properly. In the present paper an integrated electrochemical ...
Autori: Konstantinos Dermentzis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26520

SECONDARY MUNICIPAL EFFLUENT TREATMENT BY CATALYTIC WET HYDROGEN PEROXIDE OXIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractWater recycling and reuse, answering the needs of creating cleaner water resources, need to be closely related with water resourcemanagement and technologies. Current municipal wastewater treatment plants are capable to control conventional pollutants(carbonaceous compounds, particulate matter, nutrients). Priority organic compounds, like polyaromatic hydrocarbons,polychlorinated biphenyls, endocrine disrupting chemicals, personal care products, pesticides etc., may escape the treatment ...
Autori: Andreea Chelba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26521

QUALITATIVE CHARACTERIZATION OF HOUSEHOLD GREYWATER IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAIN REGION OF HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractGreywater (GW) has attracted global attention as an alternative water source over the last few decades. GW treatment andreliable reuse require the overall qualitative characterization of samples from different sources. This paper represents aninvestigation of household-generated GW in the Northern Great Plain Region of Hungary. Modern and reliable analyticaltechniques and instruments (ion chromatography, microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometry, Zetasizer Nano Z analysis,etc.) were ...
Autori: Ildiko Bodnar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26528

DEFINING ENERGY- AND COST-SAVING POTENTIALS AND THEIR APPLICATION IN OPTIMAL BUILDING REFURBISHMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractIn this paper, we develop a rigorous theoretical framework and a practical implementation for the evaluation of the energy- andcost-saving potential of buildings. The goal is to promote sustainability in the context of building energetics by achieving themost efficient, optimal exploitation of the financial resources available for refurbishments. The practical realization of thisconcept requires the evaluation of the optimal refurbishment cost that maximizes the net energetic or financia...
Autori: Árpád Csík
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26535

THE CARBON FOOTPRINT OF A BIOGAS POWER PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractIn our study, we examined the annual carbon footprint and energy balance of a Hungarian biogas power plant with a poweroutput of 0.637 MW in 2013, with reference to the complete life cycle of the biogas production. The life cycle analysis (LCA)considered the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) during the production of feedstock and its transportation into the powerplant, during the operation of the factory and during the process of rendering the discarded waste materials harmless. Weesta...
Autori: György Szabó
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26548

LANDFILL LEACHATE RECIRCULATION. PART I: SOLID WASTE DEGRADATION AND BIOGAS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractAnaerobic degradation (AD) of municipal solid waste (MSW) depends on the moisture and nutrient distribution within thebioreactor; these factors are affected by leachate recirculation. In this work, the effects of leachate recirculation of 15 to 120 byvolume percentage (%V) on AD were studied. The ojectives of this study are as follows: a) to determine which recirculation rateprovides the best conditions for accelerated anaerobic degradation (AD) and b) to determine the optimal range of r...
Autori: Maria del Consuelo Hernández-Berriel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26557

REMOVAL OF CADMIUM (II) FROM AQUEOUS MEDIA USING COOH/TUD-1 MESOPOROUS SOLID. KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe adsorption potential of 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 material for removing Cd2+ from aqueous solutions was investigated via thebatch technique, and the effects of pH, temperature and contact time were studied. Experimental data showed that the maximumCd2+ adsorption, 90%, occurred at pH 6. The adsorption equilibrium was reached within 35 min for 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1. Theadsorption mechanism was investigated in terms of its thermodynamics and kinetics. The adsorption data were fitted using theLan...
Autori: Nabila Bensacia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26558

APPLICATIONS OF PNEUMATIC BIOREACTORS IN WASTEWATERS TREATMENT 1. MIXING EFFICIENCY AND DISTRIBUTION IN SPLIT-CYLINDER GAS-LIFT BIOREACTOR FOR VISCOUS MEDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe distribution of mixing time for a split-cylinder gas-lift bioreactor has been investigated for simulated broths with apparentviscosities up to 26 cP. The results indicated important variation of mixing time on the height of riser or downcomer, as well asdifferent behavior of dispersion flows in the two regions. Thus, the highest mixing efficiency for the ascending circulation hasbeen recorded for the intermediary positions, placed above the sparger. Contrary, for the downcomer, the i...
Autori: Anca-Irina Galaction
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26560

PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND VALORIZATION OF REGENERATED LOW DENSITY POLYETHYLENE/POLYPROPYLENE BLENDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe aim of this work is to study the valorisation of two regenerated low density polyethylene (LDPE) coming from dirty wastesby blending with polypropylene (PP) in presence of compatibilizer. The first step was the determination of the physico-chemicalproperties of the two regenerated samples (density, melt flow index, water absorption, melting temperature and oxidation index)and the mechanical properties (tensile and shore D hardness).The second step was the characterization of the phys...
Autori: Nabila Guerfi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26565

LEACHING OF METALS FROM WASTE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS (WPCBs) USING SULFURIC AND NITRIC ACIDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThis study aims to understand the acid-leaching behavior of metals from 2 to 4 mm waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs)containing 22.0% ± 1.1 Cu, 6.7% ± 0.2 Ca, 0.68% ± 0.02 Sn, 0.59 ± 0.01 % Pb, 2.71% ± 0.08 Al, 0.22% ± 0.01 Fe, etc..Copper leaching was increased for sulfuric acid concentrations up to 1.2 mol/L and hydrogen peroxide concentrations of 10.0vol% for a pulp density of 100 g/L at 50°C over 4 h, whereas for the same concentrations of sulfuric acid and hydrogen peroxidecopper l...
Autori: Manoj Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26566

ADVANCED OXIDATION OF AN AZO DYE AND ITS SYNTHESIS INTERMEDIATES IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION: EFFECT OF FENTON TREATMENT ON MINERALIZATION, BIODEGRADABILITY AND TOXICITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe objective was to study the degradation of azo dye C.I. Acid Orange 7 (AO7) and intermediates for its synthesis sulphanilicacid (SA) and 2-naphthol (2-N) by Fenton process. Full factorial design and response surface methodology were applied to modelthe system behavior influenced by studied process parameters ([Fe2+] and [H2O2]).Optimal process conditions were determined on the basis of mineralization efficiency. The effectiveness evaluation of appliedtreatment process was conducted on...
Autori: Sanja Papić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26569

ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM WASTEWATER USING HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe aim of the present work is to study the performance of a constructed wetland for domestic wastewater depuration alsoworking as a microbial fuel cell (MFC) under two different subsurface flow modes in the upper cathodic compartment (horizontalflow, HF, or vertical flow, VF), and to compare the efficiency under both situations. A pilot-scale subsurface constructed wetlandtreating domestic wastewater was used, and the installation also included the electrodes and devices needed to work ...
Autori: José Villaseńor Camacho
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26574

STUDY OF A ROAD TEST TRACK WITH AND WITHOUT CRUMB RUBBER. SOLUTIONS FOR NOISE POLLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractEnd-of-life tires are waste materials that pollute landscapes when they are disposed of in tire dumps. However, its life cycle is notfinished when they are scrapped. The rubber of end-of-life tires could be used for new purposes as construction material in roadrehabilitation. A gap-graded mix characterization was carried out in this work by means of laboratory and field performancetests. The mixture has a high content of crumb rubber (CR) by weight of bitumen. Crumb Rubber was added to t...
Autori: Victor F. Vázquez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26577

A PRELIMINARY STUDY ON ELECTROCATALYTIC CONVERSION OF CO2 INTO FUELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe CO2 electroreduction in gas phase using Pt on carbon black catalysts is investigated in this work. This process is expected tobecome a key technology to prevent anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Specifically, the electrocatalytic reduction in a solventless gasphase is studied, as a first approach to later develop a photoelectrocatalytic device for the efficient conversion of CO2 to fuelsusing solar energy for the reaction. The objective of this preliminary work has been the tuning up of t...
Autori: Fabiola Martínez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26578

INTEGRATED AND SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM FOR MULTI-WASTE VALORIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe general aim of this paper is to demonstrate the sustainable management of a broad spectrum of wastes (livestock, industrial,agri-food, agricultural and non-recyclable fraction proceeding from waste treatment plants) in an integrated plant. Thetechnological development and practical application of the “Mixed Plant” concept is used to achieve this objective. In order tovalorize in a joint form all the above-mentioned categories of waste, two different processes have been integrated. Th...
Autori: Dolores Hidalgo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26579

REMOVAL OF AROMATIC COMPOUNDS FROM WASTEWATER BY HEMOGLOBIN SOLUBLE AND IMMOBILIZED ON EUPERGIT CM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe potential application of methemoglobin from bovine blood to remove aromatic compounds in the presence of hydrogenperoxide has been evaluated. The organic compounds herein tested include phenols, amines or hydrocarbons, which arepollutants deriving from different industries and display high persistence and toxicity in waters. The oxidative process has beencharacterized by soluble hemoglobin and immobilized on Eupergit CM, using 4-chlorophenol as a model substrate. Theobtained ...
Autori: María Teresa Pérez-Prior
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26580

COD REMOVAL FROM SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER CONTAINING AZITHROMYCIN USING COMBINED COAGULATION AND A FENTON-LIKE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract In this study, the COD removal of Azithromycin from synthetic wastewater (produced to have a composition similar to industrial wastewater) using a Fenton-like (Fe°/H2O2) system in combination with coagulation has been investigated. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) was selected as the main parameter to assess treatment efficacy in the current study (COD° = 390mg/Lequivalent to 200mg/LAzithromycin). First, the coagulation process was carried out on the synthetic wastewater and the...
Autori: Ahmad Reza Yazdanbakhsh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26586

ENHANCED TANNERY WASTEWATER TREATMENT AND ELECTRICITY GENERATION IN MICROBIAL FUEL CELL BY BACTERIAL STRAINS ISOLATED FROM TANNERY WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Toxic chemical nature of tannery wastewater makes it difficult to be treated by routine biological treatment processes. Microbes, already present in tannery wastewater can adapt to these conditions and degrade the organics in tannery wastewater. In the present contribution, three bacterial electrogenic strains, tolerant to tannery environment, were isolated from soil contaminated with tannery waste and named as BS1, BS2, and BS3. Tannery wastewater was treated with these pure and mi...
Autori: Abhilasha Singh Mathuriya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26588

ANALYSIS OF THE OPERATING CONDITIONS IN THE TREATMENT OF COSMETIC WASTEWATER BY SEQUENCING BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract The biological removal of organic matter from a cosmetic wastewater by sequencing batch reactors has been optimized by analyzing the influence of the hydraulic retention time as well as the inclusion of anoxic and/or aerobic stages in the process sequence. Hydraulic retention time of 5 d led to the highest total organic carbon and chemical oxygen demand removal regardless the sequence used. Although a completely aerobic sequence can be used for cosmetic wastewaters treatment, the al...
Autori: Montserrat Tobajas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26589

OPTIMIZATION OF CADMIUM DISSOLUTION FROM A HAZARDOUS WASTE BY STATISTICAL DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Cadmium leaching experiments from hazardous waste containing 16.5 wt% CdO were conducted using H2SO4. Dominant experimental and process parameters were determined by factorial design. Six controlling factors were considered, i.e. solidliquid ratio, acid concentration, reaction time, particle size, stirring speed and temperature. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to identify main effects and their interactions. An empirical model, based upon experimental results, was developed to...
Autori: Mahdi Gharabaghi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26590

POTENTIAL USE OF Crambe abyssinica PRESS CAKE AS AN ADSORBENT: BATCH AND CONTINUOUS STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This study evaluates the potential of Crambe abyssinica press cake, a residue from crambe oil extraction and/or biodiesel production, as an adsorbent for removal of cationic dyes from wastewaters. Batch adsorption tests were performed at 30, 40 and 50oC. Adsorption kinetics and equilibrium were satisfactorily described by the pseudo second-order and Freundlich models, respectively. Adsorption was spontaneous and exothermic. Fixed bed adsorption (breakthrough curve) was satisfactoril...
Autori: Adriana S. Franca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26597

AQUEOUS EXTRACT FROM DRY OLIVE MILL RESIDUE AS A POSSIBLE BASAL MEDIUM FOR LACCASE PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Due to its very low moisture content, the solid waste from the two-phase olive oil extraction process (dry olive mill residue, DOR) can be easily stored and used as a readily available basal liquid culture medium via its reconstitution with water. Five white-rot fungi (namely Phanerochaete chrysosporium NRRL 6361, Lentinus tigrinus CBS 577.79, Pleurotus pulmonarius CBS 664.97, Phlebia radiata DABAC 9 and Botryosphaeria rhodina DABAC P82), previously selected in a screening program, ...
Autori: Alessandro D’Annibale
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26598

ANALYSIS OF THE UTILIZATION OF WASTE CATALYSTS FROM CATALYTIC CRACKING REACTORS IN OIL INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This article covers the investigation of the catalyst waste (T.R.M 1 and T.R.M 2) produced in the reactor of oil catalytic cracking. The analysis of this waste was carried out. The properties of T.R.M 1 and T.R.M 2 were investigated and determined, the mineralogical analysis of catalyst waste was implemented, the analysis of thermal effects during the burning was performed. Catalyst waste materials investigated were used in a ceramic system (from 7  to 20  of the ove...
Autori: Olga Kizinievič
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26600

ENVIRONMENTAL PERCEPTION OF SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE MUNICIPALITIES OF PÁTZCUARO REGION, MEXICO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Patzcuaro Lake, placed in the lacustrine zone of Michoacán (central México), has four municipalities around its shoreline, and is an important tourist attraction in the region. Because the area is predominantly rural it lacks many efficient public services, amount them adequate management of solid wastes that is reflected in the insufficient collection services and lack of landfills in the area. The object of this research was to determine the local environmental perce...
Autori: Otoniel Buenrostro
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26604

IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN MARKETING IN THE ANALYSIS OF MUNICIPAL WASTE PRODUCED IN ROMANIA, CORRELATED WITH ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This study has an exploratory character, aiming to perform an analysis of the manner to approach the green marketing and the activity of selective collection of waste in Romania. The objectives of this study are indissolubly linked to the fact that currently, Romania does not develop a marketing strategy in terms of waste management. By processing data regarding the municipal waste situation from national and European level, we aim to provide a picture of the actual situation, based...
Autori: Florin Alexandru Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26608

KINETIC MODELING OF DIESEL OIL WASTEWATER DEGRADATION USING PHOTO-FENTON PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The objective of this study is to develop a mathematical model which would confidently predict the rate of substrate degradation of an oil-water emulsion in a laboratory-scale completely-mixed continuous flow reactor using the photo-Fenton treatment process. Two models are developed from first principles and the predicted substrate removal rates for both models are compared with experimental data. The principal conclusions of the study are that both models produce good correlations ...
Autori: Maha A. Tony
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26613

BATCH AND COLUMN REMOVAL OF CHROMIUM (VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING POLYPYRROLE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The present study deals with the removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by polypyrrole (PPy). Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for the design and analysis of experiments in the optimization of pH, temperature, initial concentration, contact time and adsorbent dose during the removal of the Cr (VI). The optimum adsorbent dose, temperature, initial concentration of Cr (VI), pH and contact time were found to be 0.8 g, 46.5 oC, 187.5 mg/L, 5.3 and 15.4 min respectively. ...
Autori: Ehsan Hasani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26614

CHARACTERIZATION OF FIRST FLUSH IN URBAN HIGHWAY RUNOFFS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Samples were collected for six months (nine storm events) to observe the contaminant loads from three highway segments at Rawalpindi, Pakistan. The contaminants analyzed include total suspended solids (TSS), total dissolved solids (TDS), total nitrogen (TN), chemical oxygen demand (COD), total organic carbon (TOC), total phosphorous (TP), sulphate (SO4), chloride (Cl-), iron (Fe), copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), lead (Pb), and chromium (Cr). Mass vs. volume [M (V)] curves were drawn to inve...
Autori: Hamid Iqbal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26617

EXAMINATION OF THE USE OF AMMONIUM ACETATE AS LIXIVIANT IN RECOVERY OF ZINC FROM WASTE BATTERIES AND KINETIC ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract This study is focused on the dissolution kinetics of zinc oxide in ammonium acetate solutions to recover the zinc from alkaline and zinc-carbon spent battery powders. This study represents a first step for further studies in which actual waste powder is to be used. Therefore, the experiments were performed by using pure zinc oxide powder to evaluate the dissolution behavior of zinc. The effects of ammonium acetate concentration, reaction temperature, stirring speed and solid to liqu...
Autori: Nizamettin Demirkıran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26618

ELUCIDATING CHARACTERISTICS OF GEOPOLYMER WITH SOLAR PANEL WASTE GLASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract This study examined the characteristics of geopolymer with solar panel waste glass. After 28 days of curing, the compressive strengths of the geopolymer samples containing 10 mass % and 20 mass % solar panel waste glass were 63.3± 1.8 and 49.1 ± 2.2 MPa, respectively. The geopolymer sample with 10% solar panel waste glass exhibited a stronger reaction than that with 20% solar panel waste glass, and the strength decreased as the amount of solar panel waste glass increas...
Autori: HuiCong Hao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26621

ADSORPTION PROPERTIES OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM WILD PLANT PREPARED BY CHEMICAL ACTIVATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Activated carbon was prepared from renewable plant material, that is Euphorbia rigida, by chemical activation using zinc chloride as activating reagents. The adsorption of Basic Blue 9 (BB9) onto activated carbon was investigated in a batch system with respect to contact time, pH and temperature from aqueous solutions. The experimental data indicated that the adsorption isotherms are well described by the Langmuir isotherm model and the calculated maximum adsorption capacity of acti...
Autori: Özgül Gerçel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26627

PRODUCT ECODESIGN IN COMPANIES WITH ISO 14001 CERTIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Product eco-innovation based on ecodesign principles is based on the idea of including the environmental aspects of a product over its entire life-cycle, thus providing the opportunity for manufacturing companies to intervene earlier during product development processes. The aim of this study was to gather information and evaluate the situation regarding ecodesign within the ISO 14001 certified medium and large manufacturing companies in the Republic of Slovenia by means of a questi...
Autori: Gregor Radonjič
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26630

RESEARCH AND TRENDS IN PRODUCT LIFE CYCLE MANAGEMENT IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract During the creation of a product, the majority of the enterprises still apply a linear approach. This approach has been imposed by the organization way of the company and by the informational flow between the different departments. In the present time different models of integrated engineering oppose to the sequential organization. These models permit the simultaneity of the activities deploying or at least their partial overlap. The activities overlap can be imagined eliminating fi...
Autori: Petrică Corăbieru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26633

REASONS FOR NON-PARTICIPATION IN RECYCLING OF SOLID WASTE IN NORTHERN MALAYSIA: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract It is widely accepted that public support is vital to the success of most recycling programmes. The actions of householders are paramount to the success of any sustainable waste management policies whether local, regional or national. This paper presents a study of householders’ attitudes to recycling of solid wastes in Malaysia, which supports the idea that careful planning and design are critical for the success of a new recycling programme. A postal questionnaire survey was...
Autori: Abdelnaser Omran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26636

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF THE MAIN POLLUTION SOURCES FROM THE ROMANIAN BLACK SEA COAST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The environmental impact assessment (EIA) is a compulsory evaluation instrument for environmental management and decision making processes and applies to different phases of activities (plans, programmes, projects and /or existing production or services), because it measures the natural and anthropogenic activities effects upon the environment. These impacts may affect the cultural richness, biodiversity, social-economic conditions and human health as well as the ecosystem equilibri...
Autori: Brindusa Robu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26645

CATALYTIC AND NON-CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS OF BIOLOGICALLY TREATED MANURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The utilization of manure for waste-to-bioenergy conversion processes may be a sustainable development choice rather than its traditional use as a fertilizer. Furthermore, the valorization of manure via thermochemical conversion routes and their integration with biological processes can provide an additional pathway in the utilization of residual biomass. On the other hand, the use of metal oxides might enhance the performance of thermochemical processes such as pyrolysis by either ...
Autori: Maria Fernandez-Lopez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26647

CASE STUDY ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN INDUSTRIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AT MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Anaerobic digestion was analyzed as the biological process that converts the organic matter present in various types of wastes, activated sludge from the wastewater treatment facilities respectively, into biogas. Latest advancements in the mathematical modeling, simulation and control practices have helped in gaining a better insight of the process. In this paper, an energy efficiency and techno-economical investigation of anaerobic digestion technology for the CHP cogeneration unit...
Autori: Alexandrina Zuza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26648

NEW COMPLEXES OF 2-(1H-1, 2, 4-TRIAZOL-3-YL) PYRIDINE WITH Co(II), Cd(II), Rh(III), IONS: SYNTHESIS, STRUCTURE, PROPERTIES AND POTENTIAL APPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Co(II), Cd(II) and Rh(III) complexes with 2-(1H-1,2,4-triazol-3-yl)pyridine (Htzp) as ligand were synthesized and investigated. The neutral mononuclear complexes with a generic [M(tzp)n] structure have been prepared from Htzp and corresponding transition metals chlorides at 2:1 and 3:1, respectively molar ratios in H2O–EtOH. The resulted crystalline complexes were investigated through magnetic and molar conductivity measurements, elemental analysis, FT-IR, mass spectroscopy, t...
Autori: Petronela Horlescu
ISSN: 1
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26652

ION EXCHANGE PROCESSES ON WEAK ACID RESINS FOR WASTEWATER CONTAINING COOPER IONS TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The capacity of ion exchange resins, MN 500 and C100 H, for the removal of copper ions from aqueous solution has been investigated under different conditions, namely: initial solution pH, initial metal-ion concentration and contact time. The adsorption of Cu(II) on these resins follows the first-order reversible kinetic. The film diffusion of Cu (II) in these ion exchange resins was shown to be the main rate limiting step. The studies showed that these cation exchange resins can be ...
Autori: Cristina Modrogan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26658

PORE STRUCTURE CHARACTERIZATION OF CHEMICALLY MODIFIED BIOCHAR DERIVED FROM RICE STRAW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Biochar derived from agricultural biomass waste is increasingly recognized as multifunctional material for various applications according its characteristics. It is therefore essential to investigate biochar properties before large-scale application. In this study, rice straw-derived biochars produced at different temperature (550, 650, 750 oC). The resulting biochars were subjected to liquidphase oxidation by different agents including KOH, HNO3, H2SO4, H2O2 and KMnO4 to obtain bio...
Autori: Sobhy M. Yakout
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26661

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE AERATION OXYGENATION INTO PRINTING AND DYEING WASTEWATER USING JET AERATOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract This study focused on the use of jet aeration to treat printing and dyeing wastewater. The related environmental factors influencing the dynamical efficiency of a jet aerator were investigated. Results showed that an ideal linear relation existed between dynamical efficiency and working pressure (R2 > 0.98), with dynamical efficiency decreasing gradually as the working pressure increased. When the gas–liquid ratio was approximately 0.6:1 to 1.4:1, more bubbles were formed b...
Autori: Chunsheng Le
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26664

A NEW STRATEGY FOR PENTACHLOROPHENOL MONITORING IN WATER SAMPLES USING ULTRA-HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY - MASS SPECTROMETRY TANDEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract A novel sensitive and rapid analytical approach based on ultra-high performance liquid chromatography - mass spectrometry (UHPLC/MS/MS) tandem was developed for the monitoring of pentachlorophenol in water samples. Chromatographic separation was carried out on Acquity BEH C18 (100 x 2.1 mm, 1.7 μm) column under gradient mode using a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile/ultrapure water/formic acid. Quantification of pentachlorophenol was performed on a triple-quadrupole tandem ...
Autori: Yassine Kadmi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26673

COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON KINETICS OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION OF LIPIDS FROM OLIVE OIL MILL WASTEWATERS WITH MIXTURE OF Bacillus spp. CELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The experiments on the olive oil mill wastewater treatment for removing the lipids by anaerobic and aerobic biodegradation with mixed Bacillus spp. culture indicated that the rate of the aerobic process is up to two times higher than that of the anaerobic one. In this context, it was found that the influence of the dissolved oxygen concentration on the lipids biodegradation process is significant, but the kinetic model given in literature does not consider this parameter. Therefore,...
Autori: Ramona Mihaela Matran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26674

ENHANCING THE FENTON PROCESS BY UV LIGHT APPLIED IN TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract Nowadays, an efficient wastewater management involves the use of advanced treatment technologies able to decompose hardly biodegradable compounds with reasonable costs at the lowest possible environmental impact. In our work we used one of the most efficient advanced wastewater treatment, the Fenton reaction and its photo-assisted version. The hydrogen peroxide was the oxidizer; despite its relatively high cost, its high activity in oxidizing of a large variety of organic persistent...
Autori: Vasilica-Ancuta Simion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26677

REMOVAL OF CARBAMAZEPINE BY ELECTROCOAGULATION: INVESTIGATION OF SOME KEY OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The performance of electrocoagulation (EC) process, a non-specific electrochemical technology, was investigated for the removal of carbamazepine (CBZ), an antiepileptic drug, from water. Experiments were carried out in synthetic wastewater in a batch cell. The respective influences of some key process parameters were studied, such as mixing conditions, initial pH, and current on aluminium electrodes. Experimental results showed that a CBZ removal efficiency of 62% was observed under...
Autori: Tania Yehya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26683

OPTIMIZATION OF ISES FOR SIMULTANEOUS NH4 +, NO3 - AND NO2 - MONITORING IN SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER USING SOLVER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The adaptation of commercially available ion-selective electrodes (ISEs) for use in wastewater matrices was demonstrated using multivariate analysis and optimization with the Microsoft Excel Solver tool. The electrodes were characterized in pure analyte solutions, and their parameters were estimated using multivariate analysis and Solver optimization. The ammonium, nitrate, and nitrite ions were measured in model systems that were designed to simulate wastewater. The accuracy of the...
Autori: Natalija Koprivanac
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26687

DECOLORIZATION OF ORANGE II BY HETEROGENEOUS FENTON PROCESS USING GOETHITE AS CATALYST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract The effect of goethite addition, hydrogen peroxide concentration, initial pH, hydroxyl radical scavenger and initial dye concentration on the decolorization of Orange II by Fenton-like process was investigated. The results showed that the decolorization rate increased with goethite addition and hydrogen peroxide concentration, but decreased with the increase of initial dye concentration. There existed an optimal initial pH to achieve the highest decolorization rate. The presence of ...
Autori: Hui Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26693

NON-POLLUTING MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY FOR ENVIRONMENT AND PATIENT USED IN INFLAMMATORY DISEASES MONITORING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract This paper presents a medical diagnosis method, based on the interaction of the infrared laser beam and the human body, in a hospital environment, for inflammatory diseases, avoiding infected wastes. The main advantage of the laser bio-photometry is a rapid localization of the inflammation source, deep under the skin up to 5 cm, in emergency cases, when there is not enough time for classical medical procedures. Other advantages consist in the pollution absence for environment and pa...
Autori: Ala Bondarciuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26696

NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS REQUIREMENT IN ANAEROBIC PROCESS: A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Anaerobic processes have been successfully applied in the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewaters. Judicious use of nutrients in anaerobic treatment has not been systematically investigated. The optimal nutrient dosage for anaerobic wastewater treatment systems is largely unknown. In this paper, COD:N:P ratio used by various researchers in anaerobic wastewater treatment systems for treating different types of wastewaters are compiled and critically analyzed. In order to ha...
Autori: Athar Hussain
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26697

INNOVATIVE BIOSORBENT FOR THE REMOVAL OF CADMIUM IONS FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In the present work, the removal of cadmium ions from aqueous solution using an agricultural waste as biosorbent, namely trunk palm fibers was investigated. The adsorption equilibrium and kinetics for this system were studied. Four adsorption models were applied to understand the nature of the adsorption process. Freundlich adsorption isotherm was found to best fit the experimental data. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 23.8 mg/g. The adsorption process was found to b...
Autori: Hosam Altaher
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26699

NICKEL (II) REMOVAL FROM INDUSTRIAL PLATING EFFLUENT BY FENTON PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In this study, the efficiency of Fenton’s process to remove nickel (II) from industrial plating effluent was investigated. The effect of pH, contact time, concentrations of Fe2+ and H2O2 were surveyed. Kinetic experiments were performed in order to predict the nickel (II) removal rate from wastewater. At pH 1 to 4, nickel (II) removal efficiency increased and declined at pH > 4. The maximum nickel (II) removal efficiency was 98% at 60 min contact time, pH: 4, and Fe2+ and H...
Autori: Mohammad Malakootian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26704

APPLICATION OF Mangifera indica SEED SHELL FOR EFFECTIVE ADSORPTION OF Fe(II) AND Mn(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Adsorption has proved to be an excellent way to treat industrial wastewater, due to its significant advantages like easy availability, inexpensive, ease of operation and highly efficient, compared to conventional expensive adsorbents like activated charcoal, alumina etc. The present investigation focused on utilization of Mangifera indica seed shell substrate for the removal of toxic heavy metals like Fe(II) and Mn(II) from wastewater. Mangifera indica seed shell substrate as an eff...
Autori: Tikaram D. Kose
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26713

SYNTHETIC TEXTILE DYE REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING MODIFIED LOCAL CLAY ADSORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Locally sourced clay from Kuala-Kangsar town in Perak state Malaysia was used in both its raw (RKKC) and modified (MKKC) form as adsorbents for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from synthetic textile wastewater in batch adsorption process. The raw clay was modified through H2SO4 acid treatment, Al(OH)3 ion exchange, calcinations and then molded into beads before freeze drying. The BET surface areas of RKKC and MKKC were 11 and 100 m2/g, respectively; their elemental analysis and ...
Autori: Manase Auta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26717

REMOVAL OF 2,4 DICHLOROPHENOL FROM WASTEWATER ON COST-EFFECTIVE SORBENTS: KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMICS INVESTIGATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Maximum removal (94±1.2%) of 2, 4 dichlorophenol (50 mg.dm-3) was achieved on silica with agitation of 4 hours, at pH 8 and 42°C. The positive enthalpy (ΔH) and negative free energy values (ΔG315K) suggested the endothermic and a spontaneous nature of sorption. The free energy of the process at all temperature was negative and increased with the increase in temperature. The values of free energy suggested a spontaneous process where the spontaneity decreased w...
Autori: Abdul Ghaffar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26718

APPLICATION OF MAGNETITE NANOPARTICLES AS ADSORBENT FOR Cr, Cd, Ni AND Cu FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Magnetite nano-particles (Fe3O4) were synthesized in order to be used as adsorbent for some toxic metal ions (Cr, Cd, Ni and Cu) present in aqueous solutions (industrial waste waters). The amount of toxic metals (Cr, Cd, Ni and Cu in quaternary aqueous solutions) before and after contact with the magnetite nano-particles was analyzed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Different operational parameters such as metal concentration and pH of the quaternary solution, as well...
Autori: Ecaterina Matei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26721

SELECTION OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT ALTERNATIVE: SIGNIFICANCE OF CHOOSING MADM METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Five multiple-attribute decision-making (MADM) methods are used to rank the four most commonly used wastewater treatment technologies in India using pre-defined set of criteria and their indicators. Results show that it is difficult to get similar ranking using different MADM methods for equal set of weights. However, for varying weights all MADM methods generated similar ranking. It is found that in wastewater treatment alternative selection problem, it is essential to define set o...
Autori: Pradip P. Kalbar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26722

STUDIES ON GLUTARALDEHYDE CROSSLINKED XANTHATED CHITOSAN TOWARDS THE REMOVAL OF MERCURY (II) FROM CONTAMINATED WATER STREAMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Chitosan was cross linked with gluteraldehyde and chemically modified by introducing xanthate group onto its backbone using carbon disulfide under alkaline conditions. This crosslinked xanthated chitosan flakes (XC) was used as an adsorbent for the removal of mercury ions from contaminated water streams near the coal mines. XC was found to be far more efficient than the conventionally used adsorbent activated carbon. FTIR studies indicated the interaction both amine and the xanthate...
Autori: Avinash Gupta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26725

ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF PHOSPHATE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY WASTE SNAIL AND CLAM SHELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Large quantities of snail and clam shells are left as waste material when their meat is used as food for people. It has been a big problem that how to treat these wastes and usually these are land filled as wastes. In the present paper, these shells are studied as recycling resource for phosphate removal from solutions. Laboratory-scale batch experiments were conducted to evaluate the efficiency of snail and clam shells in removing phosphate from aqueous solutions. Major factors inv...
Autori: Ji Bing Xiong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26727

AN EFFICIENT ACTIVATED SLUDGE MODEL FOR OPERATOR SUPPORT IN PAPER MILL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract In paper processes, the variability of effluent composition and flow is impossible to predict and generally depends on the type of production method used and the manufacturing breakdowns suffered. Wastewater treatment plant operators find it difficult to maintain the efficiency of biological treatment processes. This paper focuses on activated sludge treatment modelling of paper mill wastewater to provide operators with additional support. Based on both standard activated sludge mod...
Autori: Catherine Cadet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26732

NOVEL USES OF RED MUD IN TEXTILE WASTEWATER TREATMENT, DYEING, AND CONCRETE PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Optimum conditions for the reusability of red mud were explored testing both dried and HCl-activated red mud as a coagulant in the treatment of dyehouse wastewater. Treated dyehouse wastewater was further reused in five dyebaths with different mixture ratios of distilled water (D) and treated wastewater (W) for dyeing fabrics at three color strengths of three reactive dyes. Sludge obtained from the optimum dosage of HCl-activated red mud was tested for its reuse potential in the pro...
Autori: Aylin Yildiz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26738

ENVIRONMENTAL RISKS OF WASTE THERMAL WATER DISPOSAL: LONG-TERM EFFECTS OF THERMAL WATER SEEPAGE ON DIFFERENT SOIL TYPES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract In Hungary, 0.5 million m3 of thermal water is exploited every day for diverse purposes. After utilization, this enormous amount of thermal water becomes sewage water with a high concentration of salts, heavy metals, ammonia, nitrate, an unfavorable ion composition and high temperature. A common treatment is to dispose of waste water into a surface recipient through uninsulated channels surrounded by arable land. By infiltration, sewage water can cause potential salinization/sodific...
Autori: Andrea Farsang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26742

MODELING THE MIXING PROCESS OF INDUSTRIAL AND DOMESTIC WASTEWATER SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract An experimental study of mixing in autoclave vessel equipped with an anchor impeller was performed on the sludge proceeding from the treatment of mixed municipal and industrial wastewater. This unit operation is part of a process for the recovery of sludge. The mathematical modelling of the mixing was done having in view the scaling-up of this process. The mathematical model allows the calculation of the mixing power N as a function of the impeller diameter d, the vessel diameter D,...
Autori: Ancaelena Eliza Sterpu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26744

COMPARATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SOME POLYMERIC MATERIALS IMPREGNATED WITH IONIC LIQUID FOR THE REMOVAL OF RADIONUCLIDES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract In order to remove various radionuclides (Tl+, Sr2+and La3+) from wastewaters we used three solid supports of (styrenedivinylbenzene) grafted with different pendant groups (1-triphenylphosphonium; 2-izo-propylphosphonate; 3- aminoethylaminomethyl). The solid supports with different pendant groups were impregnated with ionic liquid (Cyphos IL-101- trihexyltetradecylphosphonium chloride). IR-spectra, EDX-ray and SEM image were used to characterize the adsorbent obtained after the imp...
Autori: Mihaela Ciopec
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26749

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION ON THE HEAT OF COMBUSTION FOR SOLID PLASTIC WASTE MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The aim of this paper is to determine the heat of combustion of plastic wastes resulted from municipal solid waste, automotive shredder facility waste and building and construction waste. The plastic wastes have been separated by flotation technique using as flotation media: water, ethanol, their mixtures and magnetic fluid. Resulted fractions have been analyzed aiming to determine the most effective fraction from the heat of combustion point of view. The obtained results have been ...
Autori: Liviu Costiuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26750

MICROBIAL SAFETY OF PLASTIC MATERIALS OBTAINED FROM WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Extensive use of plastics leads to the increase of non biodegradable wastes that have to be recycled due to both dramatically decrease of natural resources to producing them and to their increasing need as well as due to environmental issues. Most of goods made by materials based on wastes have to be commonly used by people. Antibacterial character of those is necessary to avoid epidemics. This paper deals with determination of antimicrobial character of materials based on polymeric...
Autori: Florica Silvia Cristina Patachia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26751

REMOVAL OF AN ORGANIC REFRACTORY COMPOUND BY PHOTOCATALYSIS IN BATCH REACTOR – KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The present work systematically investigates the photocatalytic degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ), an organic compound, known as refractory to the conventional wastewater treatment by the titanium dioxide PC 500 catalyst. The effects of some fundamental operating parameters in heterogeneous photocatalysis were investigated in this work in order to determine the main ones affecting the degradation kinetics. The obtained results clearly showed that the removal rate of the target comp...
Autori: Lidia Favier
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26754

DICLOFENAC REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ELECTROOXIDATION AT BORON-DOPED DIAMOND (BDD) ELECTRODE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Diclofenac (DCF), which belongs to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), is a biorefractory micropollutant and its removal from wastewaters has become strongly necessary. This paper dealt with the DCF removal from aqueous solutions by electrooxidation at boron-doped diamond (BDD) electrode. In addition, the dual character of BDD electrode in electrochemical degradation processes and their control was investigated. The electrooxidation process was assessed based on ultraviol...
Autori: Monica Ihos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26755

COMPARATIVE PHOTOCATALYTIC PERFORMANCES OF UNDOPED/N-DOPED TIO2 UNDER SOLAR IRRADIATION FOR A REACTIVE YELLOW 125 AZO REACTIVE DYE DEGRADATION FROM WATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract In this study, the comparative photocatalytic activities of undoped and N-doped TiO2 anatase nanocrystals towards the degradation of Reactive Yellow 125 (RY125) azo reactive dye in aqueous solutions under UV and VIS irradiation ranges were investigated. Both nanocrystals prepared by a fast-hydrothermal method using titanium isopropoxide as precursor were characterized morpho-structurally by X-ray diffraction, SEM/EDX analysis and BET measurements. Also, optical features of the nano...
Autori: Corina Orha
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26757

ECOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF AN OPTIMISED WASTE COLLECTION SYSTEM – CASE STUDY IN A GERMAN COMMUNITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract Waste management does not try to dispose waste anymore but is searching for the best solution to manage valuable and scarce resources and reduce the negative impact on the environment. Preoccupation in Germany with regard to optimization of waste recuperation and valorization increases and separate collection systems for different waste fractions are taken into consideration. Within this study a pilot project was set up and its results are presented below. The investigation evaluate...
Autori: Mihaela Berechet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26758

EVALUATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND METHANE EMISSION FROM CLUJ-NAPOCA MUNICIPAL LANDFILL, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The municipal waste landfills are known as important anthropogenic sources of methane and carbon dioxide being the most important greenhouse gases. The present study estimates the methane and carbon dioxide emission from the municipal open dump landfill of Cluj-Napoca (Romania). Two different methods were used: the first method was based on in situ measurements, using the closed chamber technique and the second one was based on the 2006 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chan...
Autori: Gabriela-Emilia Popiţa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26761

ANALYSIS OF THE ROMANIAN PACKAGING WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The aim of this study is to analyse Romanian situation regarding packaging waste generated and to find out how the targets imposed after integration were accomplished, based on data collected and published by Eurostat, as well by other publications. The municipal solid waste collection practice in Romania is based on mixed collection (approximately 96% of waste generated), without or with minor sorting at source. Waste recovery is applied to small percentages and only for certain ca...
Autori: Carmen Luiza Costuleanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26764

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANJALUKA REGION WITH FOCUS ON LANDFILLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract This paper presents the application of life cycle assessment (LCA) modelling used in the process of comparing the best technology for disposal municipal solid waste (MSW) in the Banjaluka region. Three scenarios were considered: unsanitary landfill, sanitary landfill with gas collection and burning on flare and sanitary landfill with energy recovery. The Banjaluka landfill is currently an unsanitary landfill because a system for collecting and treating gas has not yet been implement...
Autori: Draženko Bjelić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26767

RECOVERY OF SEWAGE SLUDGE ON AGRICULTURAL LAND IN LOMBARDY: CURRENT ISSUES AND REGULATORY SCENARIOS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Issues concerning the treatment and the recovery/disposal of sludge derived from the municipal WWTPs (Wastewater Treatment Plants) are gaining importance both in Italy and abroad. In Lombardy Region this aspect is particularly relevant due to both the amount of sludge produced and its remarkable reuse in agricultural soils. This paper discusses different strategies for land application of sludge in order to provide technical and regulatory guidance at regional level. The work is bas...
Autori: Maria Cristina Collivignarelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26769

CATHODE RAY TUBE (CRT) LEAD GLASS: LEAD LEACHING STUDY AFTER A CHELATING AGENT TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This study is focused on the removal of leachable lead present in CRT (cathode ray tube) glass employing different chelating agents, NTA (nitrilotriacetic acid) and ATMP (amino trimetilen phosphonic acid), and then on the evaluation of their extractive capability. The operating conditions are the following: T=80°C, t=1h, pH=10, solid/liquid weight ratio=1/10, reagent concentration= 0.1 M. Afterwards a number of leaching tests at controlled pH were performed in the 5-9 range for ...
Autori: Elena Bursi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26772

PARTITIONING DYNAMICS AND FATE OF METALS IN AN URBAN WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This study focused on the fate of the most representative metals in urban wastewater treatment by the conventional activated sludge process. The research analyzed: distribution between soluble and particulate fraction in the different treatment stages, removal efficiencies as related to partitioning, and metal behavior during rainfall events. A mass balance approach allowed evaluating the behavior of the metals, migration between phases and final fate, in order to investigate metal ...
Autori: Giancarlo Cecchini
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26773

THE EXPERIENCE OF THE FIRST INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS PLATFORM IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper reports the activity, promoted by the Italian agency for new technologies, energy and sustainable economic development (ENEA), in the framework of the project for the development and implementation of the first Italian Platform for Industrial Symbiosis implemented in Sicily (2011-2015). The goals of the project were: to provide a methodology and an instrument for industrial symbiosis implementation at regional scale, to implement a IS Platform as a support to SMEs to ind...
Autori: Laura Cutaia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26774

OPTIMIZATION OF THERMOPHILIC ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF WINERY BIO-WASTE BY MICRO-NUTRIENTS AUGMENTATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Thermophilic anaerobic digestion is a suitable technology to treat agricultural waste because of its higher biogas production, hygienisation effect and solids removal efficiency. Although these benefits, poor effluent quality and instability are encountered in some cases. The anaerobic co-digestion of winery waste and waste activated sludge at 55°C, operating at 23 days HRT and with an organic loading rate of 3.2 kg COD/m3d, was characterized by accumulation of volatile fatty ac...
Autori: Cinzia Da Ros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26775

INVESTIGATION OF STRESS - STRAIN BEHAVIOUR OF RECYCLED AGGREGATE CONCRETE UNDER CYCLIC LOADS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The recent awareness about recycling also involves the resources used in civil engineering. The use of Recycled Aggregate Concrete (RAC) has several advantages in terms of conservation of natural resources and of reduction of pollution. Although the interest on the use of structural concrete with recycled aggregates is increasing, extensive studies on the mechanical behaviour of such materials that can allow their use in alternative to standard concrete are still lacking. As a conse...
Autori: Marco Breccolotti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26776

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR METALS RECOVERY AND PLASTIC VALORIZATION FROM ELECTRIC AND ELECTRONIC WASTE: AN INTEGRATED APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The increasing diffusion of Hi-tech complex products has raised the attention of scientific community towards their End of Life (EoL) treatment, both in terms of assuring an appropriate disposal, to avoid the dispersion of harmful substances, and at the aim of their exploitation as valuable sources of raw materials. Within this study an integrated approach for waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) end of life treatment is proposed based on the integration of hydrometallur...
Autori: Claudia Brunori
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26777

WHY MANUFACTURERS OF ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (EEE) CREATE PRODUCER RESPONSIBILITY ORGANIZATIONS (PROS) TO COMPLY WITH THE WEEE DIRECTIVE? THE CASE OF ERP ITALIA SRL WITH FOCUS ON COSTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper investigates the role of collective organizations created by producers to comply with the WEEE Directive. There are limited case studies on these producer responsibility organizations (PROs) despite the crucial role that they play in Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) schemes. An important aspect in order to evaluate the efficiency of these compliance schemes is the analysis of their internal costs including transaction costs. First of all, this research provides an u...
Autori: Marinella Favot
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26781

A HYDROMETALLURGICAL PROCESS FOR RECOVERING RARE EARTHS AND METALS FROM SPENT FLUORESCENT LAMPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The recovery of raw materials from waste represents a sustainable growth opportunity for those countries with limited mineral resources availability. A case study for an integrated approach to recover raw materials from spent fluorescent lamps is presented, with the aim of improving the current treatments which are only able to recover the glass fraction. In particular a hydrometallurgical process was developed to obtain valuable metals such antimony, copper, and rare earths (yttriu...
Autori: Roberta De Carolis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26782

EFFICIENT RECOVERY OF NON-SHREDDED TIRES VIA PYROLYSIS IN AN INNOVATIVE PILOT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract New and end of life tires have been pyrolyzed in an innovative pilot plant that processes whole tires, thus saving the energy costs of shredding while allowing energy and materials recovery. Furthermore, the presence of a hydraulic guard guarantees high process safety. Several tests at different temperatures have been performed and the collected solid, liquid and gaseous products have been quantified and characterized. The influence of the maximum process temperature on yields and c...
Autori: Loris Giorgini
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26783

LIQUID INJECTION TO ENHANCE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN LANDFILLS FOR PRETREATED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES - BIO.LEA.R. PROJECT (LIFE+ PROGRAM)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The Bio.Lea.R project aims to demonstrate the performance of a landfill for less reactive, biologically treated waste (pretreated organic wastes) compared to a conventionally managed landfill, with regard to both environmental (biogas and leachate production) and economic aspects. The objective is to control the pretreated biodegradable waste through a liquid injection in order to achieve the same biogas quantity in a shorter time than in conventional landfill. Laboratory and full ...
Autori: Alberto Godio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26784

PYROLYSIS OF WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT (WEEE) FOR RECOVERING METALS AND ENERGY: PREVIOUS ACHIEVEMENTS AND CURRENT APPROACHES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The amount of collected Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) in Europe is growing about 7 wt.-% per year (2007- 2012). It contains a number of economically relevant base, precious and high-tech metals. However, only a limited number of these metals can be recovered by currently applied recycling processes. Especially high-tech metals like gallium, germanium and tantalum get lost during the treatment of WEEE. The pyrolysis technology allows an accumulation of these metals...
Autori: Peter Hense
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26785

DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTRICRITERIA INDICATOR OF VIRTUOSITY IN WASTE MANAGEMENT ADDRESSED TO LOCAL AUTHORITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract As the percentage of segregated waste, taken as individual indicator, is insufficient to measure the virtuosity of a Municipality waste management, a multicriteria indicator has been developed to broaden the horizon of the analysis of waste management performance. The aim of this study is to experiment a new and easy–to-use methodology for the evaluation of Municipalities virtuosity in waste management, built from Public Administrators to verify the responsiveness between thei...
Autori: Alessandra Bonoli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26786

REUSE OF TREATED MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER FOR IRRIGATION IN APULIA REGION: THE “IN.TE.R.R.A.” PROJECT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The use of non-conventional water resources including treated municipal wastewater has been increasing in the Mediterranean regions over the last decades to cope with water shortages and uneven rainfalls due to climate change. The aim of this paper is to present the first results from two years of experimental field activities carried out in two different demo-places in Southern Italy: the municipal wastewater treatment plants of Noci and Castellana Grotte (Apulia region). In these ...
Autori: Antonio Lonigro
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26787

INTERSECTORIAL REUSE OF WASTE AND SCRAPS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BUILDING PRODUCTS: STRATEGIES AND VALORIZATION OF WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The European Commission has introduced a whole range of policies and initiatives to promote the product eco-innovation and the environmental impacts reductions. One of the key topic for the reduction of the environmental impacts is the waste recycling and reuse (turning waste into useful resources). A teamwork of Politecnico di Milano has developed a research work, still ongoing and continuously updated, called “The usefulness of the useless. Cross-sectorial evaluation of wast...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26788

DEALING WITH LCA MODELING FOR THE END OF LIFE OF MECHATRONIC PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper discusses end-of-life (EoL) modeling issues in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), through the application to a domestic cooker hood. Two EoL approaches are applied and discussed, namely the avoided burden and the one recommended by the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Guide, presently under testing. While no case studies on PEF application have been published yet, to the best of our knowledge, the scientific community is questioning the robustness and relevance of some me...
Autori: Francesca Reale
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26790

MYCELIAL GROWTH AND ENZYMATIC ACTIVITIES OF WHITE-ROT FUNGI ON ANAEROBIC DIGESTATES FROM INDUSTRIAL BIOGAS PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Solid digestate (SD) represents an environmental problem due to the continuous increase of biogas production. In the present study four white-rot fungal strains were screened for their ability to grow on two different SD samples, obtained from industrial biogas plants, using wheat straw (WS) as a control medium. Results show that i) the feedstock used in the biogas plant influences the time required for the colonization of the corresponding SD and ii) different fungal strains have d...
Autori: Guglielmo Santi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26792

PHYSICAL-MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF NEW GREEN BUILDING MATERIALS BASED ON GLASS WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Recently several innovative suggestions on how industrial wastes can be utilised in new products have been presented in literature, e.g. as filler or additives in concrete, incorporated in ceramic materials to produce glass-ceramics and pavement construction. In this work, metallurgical materials from secondary aluminium scrap processing and glass waste derived from treatments of packaging and fluorescent lamps were considered for fabrication of new ceramic materials using powder te...
Autori: Rosa Taurino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26794

INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE COASTAL AREA IN JIAOZHOU BAY OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Jiaozhou Bay, a shallow semi-closed bay surrounded by Qingdao City, has become one of the most important industrial zones in Shandong Peninsula, China. The sound development of Jiaozhou Bay is crucial to the Qingdao regional economy and ecosystem, but rapid urbanization and industrialization of Qingdao have imposed numerous environmental stresses on Jiaozhou Bay. The influence of anthropogenic activities on the environment of Jiaozhou Bay is discussed based on satellite images, bath...
Autori: Zhao Jun Song
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26811

PERFORMANCE AND THERMAL CHARACTERISTICS OF HUMIDIFICATION-DEHUMIDIFICATION DESALINATION UTILIZING WASTE HEAT FROM EXHAUST GAS BELOW 100°C
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The feasibility of humidification-dehumidification utilizing waste heat from exhaust gas was investigated. The exhaust gas below 100°C was used as the heat resource and to evaporate the salt water. The effect of operation conditions on the fresh water productivity and thermal efficiency was studied, including the salt water flow rate, exhaust gas flow rate and temperature. The performance of this process was discussed from the view of temperature field, and the temperature field...
Autori: Huaigang Cheng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26812

PATH OPTIMIZATION OF CHINESE ALUMINUM CORPORATION FOR A CIRCULAR ECONOMY STRATEGY BASED ON A RESOURCE VALUE FLOW MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF CHINALCO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The objective of this paper is to propose an optimal path for a circular economy strategy of Aluminum Corporation of China (CHINALCO) by constructing a circular economy evaluation model. Based on CHINALCO’s resource circulation and the regularity of material balance, and by depicting the value information in the process of resource input, consumption, output and waste, we build a comprehensive evaluation model for the enterprise circular economy - a resource value flow equatio...
Autori: Fei Xiong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26815

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN CIVIL ENGINEERING: A DYNAMIC FRAMEWORK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The recycling and later use of construction and demolition waste (C&D waste) as construction materials present a strategic inconvenience for many stakeholders involved in the sustainable construction. In some countries, the recycling percentage of C&D waste is around 80% of the C&D generated. However, in other countries this percentage is much lower. This complexity requires a better understanding of the recycling dynamic. In the specific case of Spain, the National Inte...
Autori: Nuria Calvo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26817

TREATMENT OF MATURE LANDFILL LEACHATE BY USING COMBINED ARB PROCESS AND SULFATE RADICAL OXIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Treatment experiments for mature landfill leachate were conducted by using combined aged refuse bioreactor (ARB) process and sulfate radical oxidation. In the ARB process, the effects of wet/dry ratios, hydraulic loading, and influent introduction time on contaminant removal were investigated. In the oxidation process, Na2S2O8 was activated by heat to generate powerful oxidants, such as sulfate radicals, to oxide residual contaminants in the effluent. The removal of chemical oxygen ...
Autori: Zhanmeng Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26818

WASTE ENGINE OIL CONTAMINATION OF SOIL AND ITS BIOREMEDIATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Waste engine oil contains hydrocarbons which are potentially carcinogenic. The objective of this study was to determine if organic wastes, specifically cow dung (T1) and poultry manure (T2) can improve the microbial degradation of the hydrocarbons. A questionnaire survey to determine generation, management and disposal of waste engine oil was carried out. A Complete Randomized Design, with two treatments and three replications was used to set up plots at Makerere University Agricult...
Autori: Richard Elijah Ssonko
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26820

EFFECTS OF PLANT DIVERSITY ON PLANT BIOMASS AND EFFLUENT NITROGEN REMOVAL IN A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The short-term effects of plant diversity (number of plant species and species compositions) on aboveground biomass, substrate inorganic nitrogen (N) concentrations, and substrate solution “effluent” N concentrations were studied in a subsurface verticalflow constructed wetland (CW). Results showed that (1) the number of plant species increased aboveground biomass (P< 0.05) but had no effect on the overyielding index DMax; (2) the species compositions and presence of ...
Autori: Hai Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26822

APPLICATION OF BAYESIAN STATIC GAMES IN RIVER WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract One of the imperative concerns in river water quality management is to develop pollution control strategies, which are satisfactory for all pollution load dischargers. The game theory can be applied for modeling the natural process of decision making among dischargers under the condition of having just one water quality checkpoint in a river reach, which receives pollution loads of several dischargers who would be penalized for any water quality violation from the standards. In this...
Autori: Armaghan Abed-Elmdoust
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26834

RESEARCHES ABOUT THE CHARACTERIZATION OF METALLURGICAL SLAGS FOR LANDFILLED WASTES MINIMIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The aim of this paper is to assess the chemical and mineralogical composition and the leaching behavior of the electric arc furnace slags (EAFS) in order to improve their management by identifying suitable reuse options in different fields. The chemical and mineralogical composition of slag varies from one type of steel to another, from one technological stage to another and from one steel plant to another. In order to minimize the slag quantities disposed in the slag dumps one has ...
Autori: Dana-Adriana Iluţiu-Varvara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26835

A WASTE CATALYST FOR A HAZARDOUS CHLORINE – CONTAINING PLASTIC WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The recycling of plastic waste is important both in the conservation of resources and the environmental protection. A plastic waste (PE/PP/PS/PVC) was pyrolyzed over a series of post-use FCC catalysts using a fluidizing reaction system similar to the FCC process operating isothermally at ambient pressure. Experiments carried out with these catalysts gave good yields of valuable hydrocarbons with differing selectivity in the final products dependent on reaction conditions. A model ba...
Autori: Ta-Tung Wei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26836

CERAMIC MEMBRANE BASED MICROFILTRATION FOR TREATMENT OF HIGHLY CONTAMINATED TANNERY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The feasibility of treating tannery wastewater having high organic loads was studied using ceramic membrane based microfiltration process. The common effluent treatment plant (CETP) of a centralized leather complex was selected for the study which accommodates about 450 tanneries in the city, processing hides from raw to finished products. Effluent sample was collected from different locations of the CETP, i.e. untreated composite effluent, effluent from primary clarifier and from ...
Autori: Priyankari Bhattacharya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26837

TREATMENT OF COMPOST LEACHATE BY MEMBRANE PROCESSES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Composting has been attracting increased interest in the field of organic waste management. During composting, high-strength leachate is produced with a considerable amount of organic and inorganic pollutants. Lab-scale experiments were performed for the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and chloride from compost leachate using a combined membrane system. The combined system consisted of microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and reverse osmosis (RO) membranes. The COD removal eff...
Autori: Vahide Şeyda Özyaka
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26847

STUDY OF BOTTOM ASH RECOVERY BY MEANS OF AGING AND MECHANICAL SORTING PROCESSES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract The amount of bottom ash produced in Italy from municipal solid waste incinerators is estimated at over a million tons per year. Up to now, it has almost all been disposed of in landfills. Therefore, large profit margins, from both the economic and environmental standpoint, can be expected from the recovery of this material, or at least from a fraction of it. In this study, a rapid procedure for the recovery of different bottom ash fractions based on mechanical sorting and aging was...
Autori: Ivano Vassura
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26853

INFLUENCE OF OPERATING CONDITIONS ON THE REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER BY BIOSORPTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Free cells of Rhizopus oryzae were used to study adsorption of several cations (Cu2+, Zn2+, Mn2+, Ni2+, Cd2+ and Pb2+) from wastewater within various experimental conditions. The influence of biomass dosage, pH and temperature on the removal process was investigated. The sorption efficiency increased with increasing the temperature in the range from 25 ºC to 30 ºC and pH from 5 to 8. The maximum removal percentage was achieved at a biosorbent concentration 0.25 – 0.3...
Autori: Kolishka Tsekova
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26857

COLOR REMOVAL OF REACTIVE TEXTILE DYES FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY RAW AND MODIFIED FUNGAL BIOSORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract This study concentrates on the reactive biosorption of dyes such as Reactive Red 3:1 (RR3:1), Reactive Orange 13 (RO13), Reactive Blue 13 (RB13), Reactive Blue 72 (RB72). The modified fungal biosorbent, Paecilomyces sp., had a higher dye biosorption yield in our study. 100% of biosorption yield observed on RR3:1 and RB13 and 94.09% of color removal of RO13 with the chemically modified biosorbent were great. Also, such modified biosorbent exhibited remarkable performance in simulate...
Autori: Ahmet Çabuk
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26860

TRUE COLOR REMOVAL FROM REAL TEXTILE WASTEWATER USING WASTE TEA LEAF POWDER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract This study investigated the use of tea waste to decolorize refractory dyestuff from textile wastewater. The influence of the solution pH and the contacting time were examined for various adsorbents, namely green tea-leaf powder (GTP), black tea-leaf powder (BTP), and powdered activated carbon (PAC). Results from batch experiments revealed that the reduction in true color (ADMI) increases with decreasing pH. The ADMI reduced from 1106 to 150 with 0.8 g/L of GTP at pH 2. The results a...
Autori: Chih-Huang Weng
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26863

SURVEY OF HOSPITAL WASTE MANAGEMENT OF SELECTED HOSPITALS IN SAMSUN, TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract The aim of the study is to analyze and evaluate the present status of hospital waste management in the light of medical waste control regulations (MWRC) in some selected hospitals in the city center of Samsun, Turkey. Three city hospitals were selected for the cross-sectional study. These are Mehmet Aydın state hospital, Medical Park private hospital and Ondokuz Mayıs University research hospital. The amount of the waste generated from these hospitals were analyzed by the ...
Autori: Gaye Şenel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26867

METHODS TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF MUNICIPAL WASTE WATER SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Municipal (urban) wastewater treatment creates environmental problems, especially in urban areas where urban waste water and industrial waste water have a common treatment system. The present paper aims at describing a method which facilitates the mixing of resulting sludge with metallurgical coke in the process of iron agglomeration due to the heat input brought about by the combustibles in their composition. This method may be applied to reduce the huge quantities of sewage sludge...
Autori: Catalina Iticescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26870

OPTIMIZATION OF URBAN SELECTIVE WASTE COLLECTION ACTIVITY: GALATI CITY CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract The Waste Management activity (WM) is an urban action becoming more and more important in the municipal economy. In many cities, this activity is linked to significant revenues from the selective waste collection services. Because the current economic situation requires an increasing efficiency and profitability in order to succeed in cutting the operational costs, and as an important part of revenue comes from this selective waste collection activity, the effectiveness must be impr...
Autori: Gabriel Murariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26872

DISSOLUTION OF BASE METALS FROM WASTE PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The aim of the present study was to determine the most feasible experimental conditions for the dissolution of base metals (Cu, Ni, Zn, Pb, etc.) from waste printed circuit boards (WPCBs) obtained from WMP. The leaching of WPCB samples was performed with FeCl3 in HCl solution which allowed the separation of a precious metal rich solid residue and a high base metal concentration solution adequate for base metal recovery. The most favorable conditions for the leaching process were ide...
Autori: Szabolcs Fogarasi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26877

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE SORTING AND TREATMENT SCHEMES FOR THE MAXIMIZATION OF MATERIAL AND ENERGY RECOVERY IN A LATEST EU MEMBER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract This paper analyses mass and energy balances of some Integrated Municipal Solid Waste Systems (IMSWS) focusing on MSW sorting, treatment and energy recovery conversion chains suitable for the last entries into the European Union (EU). In particular the Romanian case-study has been developed as reference scenario. In this context the actions timelines for the case-study are immediate (S1A), midterm (S1B) and long term (S2). In the scenarios S1A, S1B a poor selective collection (SC) i...
Autori: Gabriela Ionescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26878

ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTANTS INPUT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE AND DOMESTIC ACTIVITIES IN ARIES RIVER WATER, ROMANIA – A CHEMOMETRIC APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract To assess the pollutants input of acid mine drainage (AMD) and domestic activities in Aries River, the water was monitored monthly, during one year, in 15 sampling points along the River. The dissolved metals (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn), anions (SO42-, NO3- and Cl-), pH and electrical conductivity were analyzed. The obtained data were assessed against the water quality standards, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. The results revealed the water...
Autori: Erika Andrea Levei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26881

RESEARCH ON WASTEWATER PHYTOREMEDIATION USING AQUATIC SPECIES FOR HEAVY METALS PHYTOEXTRACTION AND BIOACCUMULATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Phytoremediation tests on heavy metals bioaccumulation were performed during 2012-2014 with aquatic species Lemna minor, Pistia stratiotes, Eichhornia crassipes, Vallisneria spiralis, Hydrilla verticillata, Cladophora glomerata on samples of contaminated waters collected from the toxic pond of waste landfill Şomârd-Mediaş, Sibiu County. With the purpose to check the species capacity for heavy metal removal and bioaccumulation, comparative analysis of water samples wa...
Autori: Dana Malschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26882

ANALYZING THE PROPERTIES AS FERTILIZER OF ASH FROM OAK WOOD COMBUSTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Ash resulting from wood combustion constitutes a waste disposal problem to facility owners. The use of ash fertilizer or soil amendment could provide nutrients for agriculture if its nutrient content is adequate and it does not contain harmful amounts of heavy metals. The recycling of nutrients bound in ash would provide an inexpensive solution to waste problem. In our study, we aimed to characterize ash and clinker resulted from incineration of oak waste resulted from wood industry...
Autori: Ioan Oroian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26885

SURVEY ON HOUSEHOLD WASTE COMPOSITION GENERATED IN CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA DURING THE SUMMER SEASON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Waste management in Romania, in particular in Cluj-Napoca city, needs major improvements. By analyzing the results and implementation of waste composition studies which have been performed in different countries, it can be easily noticed that they can play a very important role in the planning stage of waste management, but also in the monitoring and evaluation of the process. Moreover, waste composition studies are an integrated part of waste management planning in developed countr...
Autori: Ioana Nicoleta Pop
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26888

UNCONVENTIONAL MORTARS WITH RECYCLED CATHODE RAY TUBES WASTE GLASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract In the European Union, the hazardous waste recycling has become a priority, as response at legal prohibition for landfilling of untreated WEEE. The economic and eco-efficient recycling methods acquire more and more interest from the industry. The Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT) glass derived from Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) dismantle is known as hazardous waste, because of their heavy metals content, especially lead. For this type of waste, the authors have proposed in...
Autori: Antoanela Popovici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26890

HAZARDOUS PROPERTIES OF AMMONIUM NITRATE AND MODELING OF EXPLOSIONS USING TNT EQUIVALENCY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The paper presents a study on the hazards associated with solid ammonium nitrate (AN) storage and handling, in particular the hazard of explosion. Due to its flammable and explosive characteristics, AN is largely used as an explosive material in the mining industry. Some specific problems encountered in the risk estimation are related to the determination of the explosive power of the AN, which depends on several characteristics. The simulation results of AN explosion using differen...
Autori: Zoltán Török
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26891

INDUSTRIAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN THE GOVERNORATES OF NABLUS AND RAMALLAH & AL-BIREH, PALESTINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract In Palestine, environmental problems associated with industrial solid waste (ISW) have increased significantly in recent years. This paper presents survey results on current industrial solid waste management (ISWM) practices in the governorates of Nablus and Ramallah & Al-Bireh, Palestine. Solid waste generated from industries was quantified, characterized and discussed in terms of generation rate, storage, reuse/recycling, transportation, and final disposal. An attempt was made...
Autori: Issam A. Al-Khatib
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26903

AN OVERVIEW OF MUD TECHNOLOGY AND CHALLENGES TOWARD GREENING OF DRILLING FLUID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The current industrial trend is toward the development of sustainable technologies, and environmentally-friendly chemicals that might be used to enhance the drilling activities. This is due to the fact that petroleum industry is regarded as one of the hazardous and risky industries. Unfortunately, the majority of the toxic materials that are used in the formulation of drilling mud are employed to improve the quality and functions of drilling fluid. Oil based muds (OBMs) from hydroca...
Autori: M. Enamul Hossain
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26907

BIODEGRADATION OF HIGH GRAVITY DISTILLERY EFFLUENTS USING MICROBES FROM DIFFERENT ECOLOGICAL HABITATS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The distillery wastewaters lead to multiple environmental concerns due to release in large volume of pollutants in water-bodies. In the present study, microbes tolerant to 10-50%, v/v of distillery spent wash (DSW) and decolorization capacity were explored for decontamination. Total 32 microbes from various eco-habitats and depositary were examined to degrade DSW, initially at 10% and successively to 25 and 50%. Of these, 3 thermotolerant Pichia sp. viz. Y4, Y16 and D1C and an isola...
Autori: Bhagyashri Dandi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26911

REDUCTION OF TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS AND CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENTS USING THE ELECTROCOAGULATION PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract This study investigated the feasibility of electrocoagulation (EC) process on the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME). The effect of several parameters namely initial pH, current density, stirring speed and operating time on removal efficiency of total suspended solids (TSS) and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were investigated. The experiments were conducted batch wise using 400 mL of the POME per batch and pair of aluminum electrodes immersed in the reactor. At optimal initial...
Autori: Firdaus Ghazali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26914

IRON ELECTROCOAGULATION WITH ENHANCED CATHODIC REDUCTION FOR THE REMOVAL OF AQUEOUS CONTAMINANT MIXTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract This study presents enhanced reduction of soluble contaminants in a modified electrocoagulation process that is capable of treating a mixture of aqueous contaminants. By incorporating an iron foam cathode, the process can remove aqueous trichloroethylene (TCE) by 99.1% and nitrate ions by 98.2%, which represents 58.1 and 20 percent higher than the removal rates achieved by iron plate cathode, respectively. pH and ORP measurements indicate the development of a reducing electrolyte c...
Autori: Xuhui Mao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26915

RETHINKING WASTE MANAGEMENT WITHIN THE RESOURCE-EFFICIENT CONCEPT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract The paper aims at supporting and catalysing discussions (and possible options) on how the widely common waste management concept could be efficiently transformed to a level where phasing out residual waste becomes technically feasible. As such, this paper presents thoughts on the (possible) future meaning of term “waste”, but it also addresses the important relationship between the terms “waste” and “level of country development”. Although this re...
Autori: Andjelka Mihajlov
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26922

BELGRADE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION - POTENTIAL OF LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract Establishing a management system for collecting and disposing the solid waste materials is of great importance in urban areas. Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia, is at its initial phase of managing this problem. Currently, landfill disposal is the main option for dealing with rapidly growing amounts of waste. This paper’s research goal is to estimate the landfill gas quantity at Belgrade’s only landfill site Vinca, and to estimate the potential for collection and util...
Autori: Vesna Alivojvodic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26923

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE CHARACTERISTICS AND MANAGEMENT IN SINOP, TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
This paper presents municipal solid waste (MSW) responsibility and management structure in Sinop, Turkey together with the current situation of collection, recycling, transport and disposal of MSW. In order to examine the MSW management, a longterm study was conducted between 1994 and 2010. In this study, physical composition of MSW was determined. Proximate analysis (moisture content, density and calorific value) and ultimate analysis (carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur and ash) of ...
Autori: Nurdan Gamze Turan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26925

NITROUS OXIDE EMISSION DURING NITRIFICATION OF INFLUENTS WITH DIFFERENT AMMONIUM CONCENTRATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
As the serious effect of climate change and global warming is recognized, nitrous oxide (N2O) emission during wastewater treatment is receiving lots of attention due to its high potential to greenhouse effect. In this study, nitrifiers were acclimated in sequencing batch reactors with influent ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) concentrations of 60 mg/L (SBR60) and 180 mg/L (SBR180), respectively. Nitrous oxide emission during nitrification was examined in both typical cycles and batch experiments. T...
Autori: Enge Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26926

CONDUCTIVE-DIAMOND ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION OF A PHARMACEUTICAL EFFLUENT WITH HIGH CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD). KINETICS AND OPTIMIZATION OF THE PROCESS BY RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Conductive-diamond electrochemical oxidation processes are promising technologies for treating biorefractory industrial wastes with organic loads below 20000 mg L-1. In this work, electrochemical oxidation of a real industrial pharmaceutical wastewater with conductive-diamond anodes has been studied. The electrolyses were carried out in discontinuous operation mode under galvanostatic conditions, using a bench-scale plant equipped with a single compartment electrochemical flow cell. For optim...
Autori: Joaquín Ramón Domínguez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26927

PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION OF ANILINE IN AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING ZnO NANOPARTICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Aniline is a priority pollutant, which is known as a toxic organic pollutant released as effluent from several industries. Several physicochemical methods have been used for degradation of this pollutant. In this study, photocatalytic degradation of aniline from synthetic wastewater by ZnO nanoparticle was considered. The effects of different variables, such as irradiation time, the amount of photocatalyst, initial pH values and initial concentration of pollutant on the photodegradation of an...
Autori: Ahmad Jonidi Jafari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26929

COAGULATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ORGANIC POLLUTANTS REMOVAL IN CSO WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
In this work, coagulation features and characteristics of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in combined sewer overflow (CSO) wastewater were investigated. Ferric chloride (FeCl3) and polyaluminum chloride (PAC) were employed in the coagulation process. Results showed that both FeCl3 and PAC are effective in removing turbidity and total phosphorus (TP). Removal efficiencies were all above 90% when dosages were reasonable. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiency was between 60% and 70%. T...
Autori: Wei-gang Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26931

POPULATION ANALYSIS IN HIGH-NITRATE WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN SEQUENCING BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
The pickling liquor used in the stainless steel manufacturing process is a mixture of nitric and hydrofluoric acid which generates wastewater with nitrate concentrations ranging between 500 and 6000 mgNO3--N/L. In the present study, laboratory-scale anoxic Sequencing Batch Reactors (SBRs) were used to treat high nitrate wastewaters. Two different sludge inocula were tested: one from a Municipal Solid Waste Leachate Treatment Plant (LTP), and the other from a Sewage Treatment Plant (STP). Meth...
Autori: Ana Isabel Pelaez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26933

EFFECT OF CLAY SOIL CONTENT ON FECAL BACTERIA REMOVAL IN AN INTERMITTENT MEDIA INFILTRATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Water scarcity, the degradation of freshwater resources, and wastewater pollution are reaching crisis levels, especially in arid regions of the world. The reuse of wastewater was investigated by using intermittent media infiltration (IMI) to evaluate fecal coliform (FC) removal efficiency. Twelve IMI columns were packed with soil and natural filtering materials (sand, zeolite, vermicompost and charcoal) at percentages of 25, 50 and 75. The municipal wastewater was treated for the FC analysis ...
Autori: Sasirot Khamkure
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26935

ECO-EFFICIENCY INDICATORS IN THE EVALUATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF THERMAL POWER PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Eco-efficiency is a key concept which brings together two essential aspects for economic progress and ecological aspect. Ecoefficiency indicators are very relevant and play an important role for environmental cost management. For a thermal power plant, which has a great impact on the environment, these indicators involve lower costs and efficient use of energy, water and fuel. The paper proposes a number of eco-efficiency indicators applicable to a thermal power plant, according with specific...
Autori: Roxana Grigore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26938

MINERALIZATION OF SALICYLIC ACID IN WATER BY CATALYTIC OZONATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
The influence of key process parameters of homogenous catalytic ozonation using ferrous or manganese catalysts on the mineralization rate of salicylic acid (SA), model pharmaceutical pollutant, in water was investigated. In order to assess the combined influence and interactions of studied process parameters as well, the empirical/statistical approach applying Box- Behnken experimental design (BBD) combined with response surface methodology (RSM) was applied. Three numerical and one categori...
Autori: Kresimir Koricic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26939

OPTIMIZATION OF THE COMBINED UV/ELECTROCOAGULATION PROCESS FOR DYE REMOVAL FROM TEXTILE WASTEWATER USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
In this study, response surface methodology (RSM) method was applied based on a five-level and four-variable central composite design. The optimization of the C.I. Direct Red 81 (DR81) removal by the combination of electrocoagulation (EC) and UV processes was also performed. The effect of initial pH, reaction time, current density and initial dye concentration on the dye removal was investigated to obtain the optimal experimental conditions. The optimal conditions with the dye removal of 95% ...
Autori: Elmira Pajootan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26942

WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN A CONSTRUCTED WETLAND FOLLOWED BY AN OXIDATION POND IN A RURAL AREA OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
The aim of this study was to examine the pollutant removal performance of a combined process using horizontal subsurface flow constructed wetland (HFCW) and an oxidation pond (OP) in the treatment of a decentralized domestic wastewater. Waters along the water flow and at different depths of the wetland substrate were sampled and analyzed during continuous operation. It was found that the HFCW-OP combined system presented good organic matter and phosphorus removal capacity. In the first year, ...
Autori: Wendong Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26943

RESEARCH ON SUSTAINABLE USE OF POWDERY WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
In the context of sustainable development, focus must be set on reasonable use of natural and energetic resources, which is a real must at present. Besides these, material and informational resources add up to give the full picture of sustainable development resources. The paper introduces a valid solution of powdery waste recycling into pellets for the steelmaking industry. The pellets are obtained from powdery wastes (steel plant dust, red sludge, lime dust, dolomite waste, waste limestone,...
Autori: Ana Virgina Socalici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26944

BIODEGRADATION OF BASIC FUCHSIN AND METHYL RED BY THE BLUE GREEN ALGAE Hydrocoleum oligotrichum AND Oscillatoria limnetica
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
In this work biodegradation of basic fuchsin and methyl red by the blue green algae Hydrocoleum oligotrichum and Oscillatoria limnetica was investigated. The degradation of basic fuschin after 7 days by H. oligotrichum and O. limnetica was 92.44% and 90.23%, respectively. On the other hand, the degradation of methyl red by H. oligotrichum and O. limnetica after 7 days was 53.23% and 50.18%, respectively. The degradation of these dyes by algae seems to be related to the molecular structures of...
Autori: Ghada W. Abou-El-Souod
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26949

OCCURRENCE AND SOURCES OF POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS (PAHs) IN DRAINAGE CHANNEL SEDIMENTS IN VOJVODINA (SERBIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
A drainage channel network in Vojvodina, Serbia, made for collection and transition of (sub)surface waters from waterlogged arable land areas, is exposed to diffuse and/or point contamination sources. Over time, the channel network has accumulated sediment material containing potentially harmful organic substances such as polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). In this study, the concentration of 16 environmentally relevant PAH substances from 42 sampling points in drainage channel sediments...
Autori: Radovan Savić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26950

INCIDENCE OF SELECTED ENDOCRINE DISRUPTING ESTROGENS IN WATER BODIES OF HYDERABAD AND ITS RELATION TO WATER QUALITY PARAMETERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Environmental persistence of endocrine disrupting estrogen chemicals (EDC) subsequent to endocrine function even at nanogram concentration in environmental matrices has garnered significant global attention due to their possible disruptive effects in an intact organism, or its progeny. An attempt was made in present study to investigate the occurrence of two estrogens viz. natural (estriol, E3) and synthetic (17α-ethynylestradiol, EE2) in the surface waster bodies of Hyderabad, India. A...
Autori: A. Kiran Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26953

COMPARISON OF THE STABILIZING CAPABILITIES OF IRON AND ALUMINUM IN TREATING WASTE HIGHLY CONTAMINATED WITH ARSENIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Ferric sulfate and aluminum sulfate were applied to stabilize the available arsenic in solid waste residue (SWR) from the organic arsenic industry, previously pretreated by the semi-solid Fenton process. NaOH, Ca(OH)2, and MgO were introduced to adjust the matrix pH. Toxicity characteristic leaching procedure (TCLP), synthetic precipitation leaching procedure (SPLP), and sequential extraction procedure (SEP) were carried out to evaluate the effect and difference on the fixation treatments of ...
Autori: Li-Fang Hu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26956

COMBINED AEROBIC AND H2O2/SULFURIC ACID TREATED ACTIVATED CARBON-FENTON TREATMENT OF AGROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Treatment of agrochemical industry wastewater is difficult to carry out unless integration with some advanced oxidation process (AOP) is used. The present study deals with treatment of an agrochemical industry wastewater, first using activated sludge and then with sulfuric acid treated activated carbon (SAAC) in presence of Fenton reagent. During the activated sludge treatment the food-to-microorganisms (F/M) ratio is varied from 0.1 to 0.2 mg chemical oxygen demand (COD) per mg mixed liquor ...
Autori: Makarand Vasant Karkare
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26957

HYDROLASE ACTIVITY DURING MICROAEROBIC THERMOPHILIC DIGESTION OF SLUDGE AFFECTED BY SODIUM DODECYLBENZENE SULFONATE (SDBS)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
In the presence of surfactant sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS), the development of main hydrolysis products (soluble carbohydrate and protein) and hydrolytic enzyme activities (amylase and protease) were monitored during microaerobic thermophilic digestion (MATD) of waste activated sludge (WAS). Results showed that the presence of SDBS remarkably increased the solubility of protein and carbohydrate into aqueous phase. The maximal concentration of carbohydrate and protein was 990.39 and...
Autori: Qi Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26958

EVALUATION OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION INTO A COMPLEX INDUSTRIAL AREA FROM ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
The work studies the degree of heavy metal pollution in water, sediment and soil in the industrial platform area from Ramnicu Valcea, Romania. The water and sediment samples were collected from three locations of the Olt River, in two distinct periods, February and June 2010. Concentrations of nickel, copper and cadmium were analyzed. The soil samples were collected from eight points and the same elements were analyzed, in the above mentioned interval of time. The results of water and sedime...
Autori: Mihaela Iordache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26961

RESEARCH ON INCREASING THE REACTION SURFACE OF SELF-REDUCING BRIQUETTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Waste recycling in steel industry by turning grain-size and powdery waste into pellets is a must now more than ever for economical motivation, in order to save raw materials and also for ecological reasons, as it leads to a cut down in the quantity of dumped waste. Industrial practice offers processors various technologies of waste recycling (agglomeration, briquetting, pelleting, mechanical mixture). The optimal variant should be chosen according to waste type, its content of useful elements...
Autori: Ana Virgina Socalici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26968

ALLELOPATHIC POTENTIAL OF THE Ranunculus rionii LAGGER AND Ceratophyllum demersum L. EXTRACTS AGAINST MICROBIAL AND MICROALGAL CULTURES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
Ranunculus rionii and Ceratophyllum demersum develop aquatic dense stands, which lately started to represent a major ecological concern for all the ponds and/or lakes in Romania. The potential relationships between the phytochemical compounds detected in these plant extracts (acids, phenols, heterocycles, alcohols, hydrocarbures) and the allelopathic properties against Gram positive and Gram negative bacterial strains and microalgal cultures were investigated and discussed in the current stud...
Autori: Mariana Lupoae
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26971

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIA: CURRENT DATA AND APPLICATION OF A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The present paper discusses the current situation in the municipal solid management existing in the North-East region of Romania. Furthermore, a Decision Support Tool is implemented in order to compare viable alternative waste management scenarios. The most recent data on the available current infrastructure and the amount of the generated waste have been used so as to determine the baseline status, while the results from the onsite waste analysis were also used as input data. To verify sever...
Autori: Vassilis Inglezakis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26974

APPLICATION OF THE FLOCCULATION PROCESS IN THE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The flocculation process is applied in wastewater treatment to separate the destabilized colloid particles (or the particles formed during the coagulation phase) by forming flocs. The scope of this research was to identify the predictability of the synthetic organic flocculants use for industrial wastewater treatment. The research was performed at small scale, in laboratory, but also at industrial scale, by applying the synthetic organic flocculants in a real industrial wastewater treatment p...
Autori: Mariana Turcu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26975

DRIVING FORCES AFFECTING THE ADOPTION OF ECO-INNOVATION: A SURVEY ON VACUUM SEWER SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The article studies the adoption of eco-innovation using the diffusion dynamic as a paradigm for investigating the environmental reform in providing public goods. The study focused on the wastewater collection systems and analyzed how the structure of the market, socio-cultural conditions, geographic proximity and the Gross Domestic Product level measured the acceptance or rejection of eco-innovation. The authors investigated the data in order to test three hypotheses, respectively, the influ...
Autori: Iulia C. Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26981

ECO-INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES FOR MITIGATING GASEOUS EMISSIONS FROM WASTEWATER COLLECTION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The study aims to identify important challenges that the practitioners and researchers in wastewater collection systems are facing in order to reduce the emissions of hydrogen sulphide and greenhouse gas emissions. Based on literature review, it identifies the main technologies used for avoiding and removing odorous compounds from wastewater gas streams. The paper also highlights issues pertaining to the emission and biofiltration of hydrogen sulphide, methane and nitrous oxide from sewage co...
Autori: Iulia Carmen Ciobotici Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26984

EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PRETREATMENTS ON BIOMASS COMPOSITION EVALUATED BY SPECTRAL AND CHEMOMETRIC TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Biomass is a very important source for the production of biofuels. During the hydrolysis step of the process for obtaining biofuels the rate of decomposition of biomass is strictly related to its organic matter content and the operating mode of the facilities. This paper highlights the effect of different pretreatments on the composition of biomass at the molecular level using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). For this experiment, a mixture...
Autori: Andreea Cocarcea Rusei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26986

IDENTIFYING HISTORIC POLLUTION ON LAKE BACAU I, ROMANIA USING GIS AND SATELLITE IMAGES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The Lake Bacau I, located in Bacau City, Romania was built in 1966 with a double purpose: as reservoir belonging to the energy system of the Bistrita River and to provide the water needed for the industrial units located in the area. Also, for more than 40 years, the lake was used by the same plants to discharge the wastewater, more or less treated. In present, most of the industrial units are closed and the discharge of wastewater in the lake is banned, the area being used mainly for recreat...
Autori: Maria-Ema Faciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26987

WOOD WASTE AS A RENEWABLE SOURCE OF ENERGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The renewable sources of energy represent a viable alternative for satisfying the energetic needs of humanity in case the fossil fuels reserves are exhausted, which is estimated to occur in maximum 25 years if the current rate of exploitation is maintained. Nowadays, there are several concerns about the valorization of the energetic potential of these resources (wind, water flows, solar, geothermal energy etc.), but also a series of extremely beneficial practical uses (i.e. wind parks, photov...
Autori: Daniela Suteu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26989

OCCURRENCE OF PLASTIC WASTE IN THE ENVIRONMENT: ECOLOGICAL AND HEALTH RISKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Environmental threats posed in the environment by plastic production and plastic wastes continue to be a major problem today, closely connected with the increase of plastics consumption by the population. Moreover, little efforts are involved in some parts of the world associated to plastic waste collection, recycling and reuse. Considering all these prerequisites, the identification and discussion of risks generated by plastic production and waste in the environment are performed in this pap...
Autori: Elena - Diana Comăniță
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26990

POTENTIALLY TOXIC ELEMENTS IN URBAN SOILS OF IASI (ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Our study aims to analyse soil quality based on the concentrations of potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in natural or slightly modified anthropogenic soils, technosols and landfill deposits in Iasi. The pollution level analysis based on lognormal distribution plot allows the differentiation of elements coming from the parent material (Mo, Cd, Ni and As) of those with anthropogenic origin (Pb, Zn and Cu). The enrichment factor (EF) calculated based on manganese (Mn) as reference in the parent ...
Autori: Cristian Vasilica Secu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26991

EVALUATION OF BAGASSE PITH AS A SKELETON BUILDER FOR IMPROVEMENT OF SLUDGE DEWATERING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
High contents of colloidal and organic materials in municipal wastewater sludge cause problems in the process of dewatering. The filtering efficiency can be improved by chemical conditioning, but the effectiveness of mechanical dewatering is limited because flocculated sludge is highly compressible. Physical conditioners such as bagasse can be used to facilitate mechanical dewatering. This paper describes the use of bagasse pith (cane sugar waste fiber) to improve the dewatering process of mu...
Autori: Nematallah Jaafarzadeh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26995

ASSESSING THE ROLE OF Phragmites australis IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT THROUGH RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Treatment of domestic wastewater using constructed wetland system vegetated with Phragmites australis was studied at lab scale. Response surface methodology (RSM) a mathematical model was employed for analyzing the effect of independent factors (inlet flow rate, outlet flow rate, retention time) on wastewater parameters e.g. electrical conductivity, BOD5, COD, nitrates, phosphates, total solids, suspended solids, heavy metals in order to maximally treat wastewater. All independent variables w...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26999

REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF Al(III) AND Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY WASTE BLACK TEA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
In this study the immobilized waste black tea (Camellia synensis) was used as biosorbent for the removal and recovery of Al(III) and Cr(VI) ions from the synthetic aqueous solutions. Batch experiments were conducted to optimize the various biosorption parameters that affect the biosorption capacity of immobilized waste black tea. Maximum biosorption capacity was found with a biosorbent dose of 0.1g/100 mL for both metal ions. Optimum biosorption capacity for both Al(III) and Cr(VI) ions was o...
Autori: Haq Nawaz Bhatti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27004

EFFECT OF CARBONIZATION ON BANANA PEELS FOR REMOVAL OF CADMIUM IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Adsorption studies of cadmium(II) were conducted on 623oK or 723oK carbonized banana peels named as BP623 and respectively BP723 as well as on the dried ones (BP). Carbonization enhances the quality of organic by-product used as adsorbent, reduces the equilibrium time and improves the quality of the final product (water). Evaluation of the effects of pH, contact time and solution temperature showed that the uptake of cadmium(II) ions was highly dependent on these factors, and increased with ...
Autori: Josiane Ponou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27009

DISINFECTION OF E. coli CONTAMINATED WATER USING TUNGSTEN TRIOXIDE-BASED PHOTOELECTROCATALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Semi-conductor oxide enhanced photocatalysis is a sustainable technology suitable for disinfection of water contaminated with pathogens. Disinfection of Escherichia coli was investigated using an immobilized thin film tungsten trioxide (WO3) photocatalyst in a visible light-driven photoelectrocatalytic batch cell (PECB). Disinfection efficiency was monitored under dark electrocatalytic, photolytic and photoelectrocatalytic conditions and assessed using a culture-based approach. Optimal disin...
Autori: Efetobor Scott-Emuakpor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27014

USE OF THE “HOTSPOT” CODE FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY ANALYSIS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Accidents in spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plants are a critical issue for the safety of people, of operators and the environment, as well as for the security of the plants. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the possibility to use a free license code to simulate radiological diffusion after an accident in these particular plants, in order to obtain a model which allows identifying escape routes for the people potentially involved in the fallout. The authors performed a benchmark an...
Autori: Mariachiara Carestia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27015

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM FROM WATERS BY MEANS OF A TiO2-Fe3O4 NANOCOMPOSITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
This paper aims to establish the capacity removal of hexavalent chromium [Cr(VI)] from wastewaters using a TiO2 – Fe3O4 based nanocomposite. Latest researches in the field point adsorption as a better option for removal of heavy metal ions from waters, this method being more efficient and cost effective, in comparison with other advanced methods like reverse osmosis, ion exchange, nanofiltration, etc. Based on this information, the goal of this work had as purpose the obtaining, charact...
Autori: Andra Predescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27025

EVALUATION OF POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON PERFORMANCE FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT CONTAINING ORGANIC (C6H6 AND C6H5-CH3) AND INORGANIC (Pb+2 AND Zn+2) POLLUTANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The removal of toxic heavy metal ions such as lead and zinc from industrial and mining wastewaters has been widely studied because their existence in surface and underground water is responsible for several types of health problems caused to animals and human beings. Also, there are some organic compounds, which must be prevented from reaching in drinking water from various sources of pollution. For these reasons in this paper the experiments were conducted to study the ability of activated ...
Autori: Cristina Ileana Covaliu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27027

IMPROVING THE NUTRITIONAL QUALITY OF FODDER YEASTS BY ADDING MINERALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The aim of this study was the diversification of fodder yeast assortments with viable economic effects while reducing the pollution to the environment by capitalisation of wastewaters with high monosaccharides content from pulp and paper industry. As inoculum, in the bioreactor, a mixture of two species of yeasts Candida utilis and Candida arboreea (1:1 ratio) was used at 38°C, pH 5.5 and an air flow of 0.02 L/h was insured. Wastewaters from technological process of pulping of softwood wi...
Autori: Andrei I. Simion
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27028

MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES FOR HEAT EXCHANGERS USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The issues of global warming and reducing energy consumption led to an evolutionary progress of research to find as many solutions as possible for solving these environmental issues. The need to ensure a sustainable energetic development while achieving effective protection of the environment has led to the amplification of activities based on secondary energetic resources combined with low energy consumption industrial technologies. In the present paper it is discussed how to recover thermal...
Autori: Timea Gabor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27030

INFLUENCE OF SOME NATURAL ORGANIC ADDITIVES ON THE QUALITY OF VEGETAL COMPOST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Composting is one of the most used biowaste recycling method. The paper highlights the influence of some natural organic additives such as cattle and poultry manure on the quality of compost and especially on the content in microelements and heavy metals. The mature compost showed the following macro and microelements concentrations: total N 1.12-1.38%, P 0.56-0.90%, K 0.68-0.92%, Ca 1.18-1.70%. Mg 0.38-0.66%. The compost that included cattle manure showed the highest content in humic substa...
Autori: Irina Smical
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27032

NATURAL AND WASTE MATERIALS AS GREEN SORBENTS FOR Cd(II) REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS EFFLUENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Removal of Cd(II) from aqueous streams is of special concern because of its very high toxicity and persistent nature. The sorbents based on natural and waste materials have very promising performances in the treatment of Cd(II) contaminated waters. Very few reviews are available that provide valuable information on the various aspects of the utilization of natural and waste materials for Cd(II) metal ions removal. In this context, this review examines a wide range of materials as green sorben...
Autori: Lavinia Tofan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27033

RECOVERY OF SAWDUST AND RECYCLED RUBBER GRANULES AS SOUND ABSORBING MATERIALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
This paper presents a research on ways to reduce waste and to diminish sound pollution by recovery of fir sawdust and recycled rubber granules and use in making sound absorbing composite materials. Four materials were prepared using raw materials (fir sawdust and recycled rubber granules) in various percentages, and polyurethane binder. Materials mechanical and acoustic properties were characterized, proving these materials have useful properties. Materials acoustic performance was compared w...
Autori: Ancuţa Elena Tiuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=2703