ecozone editura ecozone iasi

» Autentificare

E-mail:
Parola:
   
  Cont nou
Va rugam sa va autentificati pentru a putea comanda carti

» Cautare

  » Ultimele cautari

Rezultatele pentru anaerobic digestion

Rezultate gasite: 99

Relationships between metals extent and cytological characteristics at Prunus persica L. pollen
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
The heavy metal concentrations exceeding the standard admissibility, determine modifications of some cytological parameters. Therefore, by this paper, there were determined the concentrations of copper, iron, manganese and zinc from Prunus persica L. pollen grains (Research-Development Fruitgrowing Station, Constantza, Romania) using wet digestion followed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (FAAS). Then, the main cytological parameters (such as citological viability and germination capacity...
Autori: Dan Mandalopol, Elena Doroftei, Manuela Rotaru-Stancic, Simona Dobrinas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25249

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
? Denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm? Denitrifying potential of an activated sludge derived consortium? Biosorption of hexavalent chromium based on modified Y zeolites obtained by alkali-treatment? Identifying anaerobic digestion models using simultaneous batch experiments? Olive mill wastewater as a renewable resource? Influence of innoculum acclimation in the biodegradation rate and estimated biodegradbility of cow manure, food waste and oil? Studies on the ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25378

Opportunities and barriers for development of biogas technologies in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe development of technologies for waste treatment, simultaneously with minimizing greenhouse gas emissions, has become a matter of great concern at global level. Biogas systems can help in the fight against global warming by avoiding to escape methane from organic waste, into the atmosphere. Biogas technology is of great benefit to the end-users and the environment by energy, compost and nutrient recovery. Romania is a country with a huge biomass potential. Implementing of biogas techn...
Autori: , Corina Alice Babutanu, Gheorghe Băran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25300

Effect of methanogenic inhibitors, inocula type, and temperature on biohydrogen production from food components
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractDark fermentation hydrogen production from a mixture of food components using two different methods of methanogenic inhibition (autoclaving and BES) and three different temperatures (37, 60, and 70 Â?C) was examined in batch assays for two different mixed anaerobic cultures - one suspended sludge (S) obtained from an anaerobic digester and one granular sludge (G) obtained from a brewery wastewater treatment plant. In general, BES-inhibition of sludge was more robust when compared against...
Autori: Angela A. Abreu, Anthony S. Danko, Francisco Pinheiro, Maria Madalena Alves
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25308

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 2
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
- Artificial intelligence applications in the atmospheric environment: status and future trends- Kernel methods and neural networks for water resources management- Environmental decision support systems based on models and model-based reasoning- Towards an intelligent tutoring system for environmental decision makers- SBC-MEDIU: A multi-expert system for environmental diagnosis- Fast and accurate residential fire detection using wireless sensor networks- Validation of a knowledge-based risk mode...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25377

Assessment of some heavy metals in soils, drinking water, medicinal plants and their liquid extracts
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Pollution with toxic metals is a serious concern, because once these elements enter in the soil they can be present for a long time, with the potential contamination of drinking water sources. Certain metals in soil may be taken up by plants which are subsequently harvest for human consumption. Our objective was to study the presence of heavy metals in soils, groundwater sources, some medicinal plants from areas of the water sources and in its watery extracts. All of the samples, af...
Autori: Diana Diaconu, Victor Nastase, Mara Mihaela Nanau, Ovidiu Nechifor, Elena Nechifor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25411

Abiotic and biotic mitigation of volatile methyl siloxanes in anaerobic gas-phase biomatrices
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract This paper presents preliminary results of a batch-scale study assessing the contribution of the multiple phenomena involved in siloxane removal in three-phase biomatrices. Batch scale experiments were undertaken in shaken flasks containing acclimatised culture medium, solid media and siloxane vapours (octamethylcylotetrasiloxane and decamethylcyclopentasiloxane, respectively) under anaerobic gas-phase conditions. Abiotic and biotic phenomena, considered to be possible siloxane remov...
Autori: Gabriela Soreanu, Patricia Falletta, Michel Beland, Kara Edmonson, Peter Seto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25510

Validation of a knowledge-based risk model for biological foaming in anaerobic digestion simulation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a complex biological system which can be affected by several operational problems. Among them, biological foaming is one of the most difficult to deal with. It has many effects, such as causing gas pipe clogging and probe failures, and it can affect mixing devices, etc. Since the mechanisms involved in biological foaming development are not fully understood, it is not included in standard anaerobic digestion models. For this reason, a knowledge-based risk ...
Autori: Eric Latrille, Ignasi Rodriguez-Roda, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Joaquim Comas, Jordi Dalmau
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25610

Stability factors and control strategy for biogas production from sludge
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract A method based on measuring substrate depletion rate was developed to evaluate the denitrifying activity of activated sludge in suspension and in biofilm form in anoxic serum flasks. The adapted activated sludge inoculum was grown as biofilm in an anoxic rotating biological contactor (RBC). Acetate was used as external carbon source to obtain a carbon to nitrogen ratio (C/N) of 2. The results showed that the specific activity of cells in biofilm form was higher than in planktonic for...
Autori: Elba Vivanco, Juan Carlos Ruiz, Paola Poirrier, Rolando Chamy, Yves Lesty
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25617

Environmental hazards and anaerobic treatment of wastewaters generated in alcohol industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Finding solutions to the waste problems generated by human activity represents a high concern of authorities and environment specialists for many years. Furthermore, energy conservation and reduction of the dependency from fossil fuels represents a top priority of governmental organizations at world level. The developments in alcohol industry have resulted in the increase of wastewaters which are highly polluted with organic substances, causing environmental pollution hazards. A wide...
Autori: Carmen Mateescu, Ionel Constantinescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25626

Influence of innoculum acclimation in the biodegradation rate and estimated biodegradbility of cow manure, food waste and oil
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Two different inocula - acclimated and non-acclimated to fat- were used to evaluate the methane production of cow manure, food waste and oily waste in batch assays. The inoculum adapted to fat had a better performance in the methanisation of substrates with significant lipids content. Furthermore, it is demonstrated that an increase in the ratio inoculum/substrate can enhance the initial methane production rate of oily waste when using a non-adapted inoculum, improving also the ultim...
Autori: Lucia Neves, Maria Madalena Alves, Raquel Ferreira, Rosario Oliveira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25634

Identifying anaerobic digestion models using simultaneous batch experiments
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Mathematical models have become a valuable tool to study the anaerobic digestion process, to guide plant design and optimize operation strategies. Models require accurate and significant parameter values for being useful. Although the identification problem is an issue of concern, often is neglected. The described method for model calibration consists on the performance of simultaneous batch experiments (SBE), which requires simple and usually available equipment, and is based on the...
Autori: Belen Fernandez, Jordi Palatsi, Josep Illa, M. Angels Colomer, Xavier Flotats
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25636

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 10
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 10
? AN ASSESSMENT OF OPERATIONAL PARAMETERS FOR THE REMOVAL OF CHLOROPHENOLS FROM WASTEWATER ? ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES: A PSYCHOLOGICAL-BEHAVIORAL MODEL FOR RESEARCHERS ? ECOLOGICAL AGRICULTURE: DYNAMICS OF THE BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES IN SOILS CULTIVATED WITH MAIZE UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF ORGANIC FERTILIZATION ? SOLAR-ASSISTED JOULE-BRAYTON ENGINES USED TO REDUCE CARBON DIOXIDE EMISSIONS ? STUDY OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS OF HEATING SYSTEMS ? MIXED JET-VORTEX METHOD FOR ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25662

RESEARCH OF MEMBRANE FOULING PERFORMANCE IN A SUBMERGED DOUBLE-SHAFT ROTARY ANAEROBIC MEMBRANE BIOREACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Considering the membrane fouling problem in submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactors, a set of submerged double-shaft rotary anaerobic membrane bioreactor (SDRAnMBR) was constructed by applying a double-shaft rotary module to submerged anaerobic bioreactor, and the theoretic analysis of the characteristics of hydraulics dynamics in SDRAnMBR has been performed. The membrane fouling performance for treatment of synthetic brewery wastewater was investigated by SDRAnMBR. The results of a theoretical...
Autori: Ling Bai, Chao Liu, Weiguang Lanhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25694

CULTIVATION OF Chlorella sp. IN ANAEROBIC EFFLUENT FOR BIOMASS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
This study investigated the effectiveness of using anaerobic effluent as a nutrient supplement for cultivation of green algae Chlorella sp. Different concentration of 0%, 15%, 30%, 45%, 60%, 75%, 90% and 100% which were raw (group �r�) as well as autoclaved (group �a�) were applied to the anaerobic effluent and algae growth. They were compared in terms of growth rate and final algae biomass production. In the initial cultivation days, slower growth rates with an increased anaerobic efflu...
Autori: Yubi Chen, Renjie Dong, Gaojun Peng, Zhu Yi, Shuhao Huo, Yupeng Liu, Changle Panghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25701

BIOREMEDIATION OF PETROLEUM SLUDGE UNDER ANAEROBIC MICROENVIRONMENT: INFLUENCE OF BIOSTIMULATION AND BIOAUGMENTATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Bioremediation is considered as one of the prominent and cost-effective cleanup technology to treat oily sludge disposals. In the present investigation anaerobic bioremediation of petroleum based oily sludge was studied in a slurry reactor by applying different experimental strategies viz., bioaugmentation, biostimulation and co-substrate addition. Total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) present in the oily sludge before and after degradation was extracted using soxhlet extraction procedure....
Autori: Asha Juwarkar, Kuppam Chandrasekhar, Mamilla Prathima Devi, Motakatla Venkateswar Reddy, Ponnapalli Nageswara Sarma, Srinivasula Reddy Venkata Mohan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25794

EFFECTS OF Fe(III) ON DISSIMILATORY FERRIC REDUCTION, NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL IN ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
Abstract An activated sludge from SBBR (sequencing biofilm batch reactor) reactor filled with Fe0  as filler had been acclimated to Fe(III)rich environment aiming at secure an enrichment culture of iron-reducing bacteria. The dissimilatory Fe(III) reduction ability and its efficiency on the effect of nitrogen and phosphorous removal by dosing different Fe(III) under anaerobic condition were investigated. The mechanism was also proposed based on the results derived from the experiment a...
Autori: Jie Li, Juanjuan Feng, Siyuan Zhai, Ya’e Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25943

PRELIMINARY TRIAL APPLICATION OF BIOLOGICAL DESULFONATION IN ANAEROBIC DIGESTORS FROM PIG FARMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThis paper describes preliminary tests carried out in treatment plants serving two different pig farms in Northern Italy, in order toassess the feasibility of implementing biological sulphur removal from biogas produced by anaerobic digestion processes. Thisnormally consists of mixture of CH4, CO2, and other gases; in the presence of sulphur, H2S is also formed, which must beremoved prior to the gas use in thermal engines, to avoid corrosion phenomena. Sulphur removal in the plants consi...
Autori: Andrea G. Capodaglio, Arianna Callegari, Vincenzo Torretta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26074

UTILIZATION OF OLIVE OIL AS A POTENTIAL OXYGEN-VECTOR IN STIRRED BIOREACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractA new approach to environmental protection management is the aerobic microbial digestion of food industry wastewaters byusing those waters as substrate, while the pollutants contained work also as oxygen-vectors. In biotechnology, oxygen masstransfer is a key parameter involved in the design and operation of mixing–sparging bioreactors and it can be analyzed by meansof the oxygen mass transfer coefficient (kLa). The influence of a second liquid phase with higher oxygen affinity (in this ...
Autori: Elena Folescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26097

STUDY ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS FROM WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract One of the causes of climate change is the accumulation of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Methane (CH4) is one of the greenhouse gases, with an ability to trap heat in Earth's atmosphere 21 times greater than carbon dioxide (CO2) per unit mass and in the same period of time. Because the lifetime of methane in the atmosphere is relatively short, it could be kept under control. Wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) are anthropogenic sources of CH4 emissions. Anaerobic digestion of t...
Autori: Doru Lucian Manea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26139

NAPHTHALENE DEGRADATION IN SOIL INOCULATED WITH MIXED DENITRIFYING BACTERIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractKnown concentrations of naphthalene were added to soil samples to investigate the anaerobic degradation potential by theinoculated naphthalene-adapted bacteria under nitrate reducing conditions. Naphthalene could be anaerobically biodegraded tonon-detectable levels within 35 days when the initial concentrations were 5.8 mg/kg, 34.7 mg/kg, 61.4 mg/kg, 93.7 mg/kg and146.6 mg/kg in soil, respectively. The degradation rates of naphthalene increased with increasing initial concentrations. The...
Autori: Junfeng Dou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26157

STUDY OF ECOLOGICAL INHIBITION OF SULFATE-REDUCING BACTERIAL ACTIVITY AND ASSOCIATED POPULATION SUCCESSION IN OILFIELD FLOODING WATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractIn the conventional water flooding process of Daqing Oilfield in China, the occurrence of abundant sulfate-reducing bacterialpopulations has substantially affected the industrial production. This study was conducted from the perspective of ecologicalsuppression by operating anaerobic ABR reactors and dosing ecological inhibitors in a continuous-flow experiment. The practicaloperating efficacy was investigated and associated dynamic bacterial population succession was analyzed. Results sh...
Autori: Bin-song Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26165

EXPERIMENTAL STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT CARBON SOURCES ON PHOSPHORUS REMOVAL DURING DENITRIFYING PROCESS IN THE PARALLEL A2O-MBR SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractA novel parallel A2O-MBR system was developed in this study based on the theory of denitrification with phosphorus removal.By utilizing the denitrifying phosphorus accumulating bacteria (DPB), the carbon source in the influent could meet the needs ofboth the denitrification and dephosphorization processes. Therefore, the carbon source restriction in conventional A2O processeswas resolved. The proposed system was inoculated with the sludge collected from the secondary settling tank in a m...
Autori: Liang Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26170

STUDIES ON EXCESS SLUDGE REDUCTION AND MICROBIAL COMMUNITY GROWING IN A NOVEL A+OSA REACTOR
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractExcess biomass produced in the degradation processes of organic pollutants is creating environmental challenges for wastewatertreatment plants. The A+OSA system, a modification of the anoxic / oxic (A/O) process via insertion of a sludge holding tankinto a sludge return line, has been demonstrated to be capable of achieving simultaneous nutrient removal and sludge reduction.Here we report the results of an investigation aimed at evaluating the impact of the sludge holding tank on the bio...
Autori: Li Jia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26207

EFFECTS OF CANNED FOOD INDUSTRY SLUDGE AMENDMENT ON ENZYME ACTIVITIES IN SOIL WITH EARTHWORMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWastewater sludges are organic and nutrient-rich materials that could be used to improve soil tilth. However, the land applicationof sludge needs to be properly managed to avoid the detrimental effects on micro and macroorganisms in the soil. Earthwormsare one of the most important soil macroorganisms. Addition of sludge to the soil environment may impact earthworm activity,and in turn, soil productivity and health. In this study, sludge from the canned food industry was added to soil mi...
Autori: Efsun Dindar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26238

EXPLOITATION OF AN ANAEROBIC UP-FLOW COLUMN REACTOR (AUFCR) USING ACTIVATED SLUDGE BIOMASS FOR THE DECOLORIZATION OF DYES AND COD REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractThe aims of this study were to investigate the performance of anaerobic up-flow column reactor (AUFCR) and immobilizedactivated sludge biomass (ASB) potential for the adsorption of dye drimarene Blue-K2RL (Db-K2RL) and removal of chemicaloxygen demand (COD) from textile wastewater (TWW). AUFCR with ASB at flow rate of 50 mL h-1 and hydraulic retentiontime (HRT) of 10 h showed 95% dye adsorption at pH 4 and 87% COD reduction at pH 6 while non-activated sludge (NAS)showed only 60% of adsor...
Autori: Anwar Ahmad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26246

ARTIFICIAL AERATION TO ENHANCE THE MINERALIZATION OF MONO AZO (METHYL ORANGE)-CONTAINING WASTEWATER USING RECIRCULATED UP-FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe aim of this study is to evaluate the treatment performance of mono azo dye Methyl Orange (MO)-containing wastewater byrecirculated up-flow constructed wetland (UFCW) with and without supplementary aeration. The successive anaerobic andaerobic treatment of the UFCW reactors could effectively remove color, organic matters and intermediate aromatic aminessimultaneously in a single reactor. With influent 50 mg/L of MO, the removal efficiencies of COD and MO were 91 and 75 %,respectively,...
Autori: Soon-An Ong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26254

REMOVAL OF DYE AND CHEMICAL OXYGEN DEMAND (COD) REDUCTION FROM TEXTILE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING HYBRID BIOREACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA bench-scale anaerobic bioreactor for the anaerobic treatment of textile wastewater using anaerobic sludge was experimented.The Top and bottom of hybrid bioreactor were functioned with UAF (Up Flow Anaerobic Filter) and UASB (Up Flow AnaerobicSludge Blanket), respectively. The effect of organic loading rate (OLR) and hydraulic retention time (HRT) on treatment oforganic matters in the textile wastewater was investigated. The maximum removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and colorwas 9...
Autori: Reza Katal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26255

OPTIMIZATION OF ANAEROBIC BAFFLED REACTOR (ABR) USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThis study is focused on simulating and optimizing design and configuration of anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) by means ofartificial neural network (ANN). This approach is aimed to assess an efficient ABR performance in various operational conditionstreating municipal wastewater. For this purpose, to analyze comprehensively on a base of experimental data, the system isoperated in two pilots of 48 liters net volume made of 8 compartments. In 7 months, more than 130 sets of data are obtain...
Autori: Gagik Badalians Gholikandi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26260

TREATMENT OF NYLON PRODUCTION WASTEWATER BY BIOLOGICAL ANAEROBIC FILTER IN COMBINATION WITH A/O PROCESS – A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents the full-scale treatment of nylon production wastewater in a wastewater treatment plant in Henan province, Central China. In this case, a 9600 m3/d capacity wastewater treatment plant was installed to treat the wastewater generated from the production of nylon-66 salt, based on the biological anaerobic filter (BAnF) combined with an anoxic/oxic (A/O) process. The performance of the biological combined system was monitored over a 75-day period. The results revealed tha...
Autori: Chunlian Xu, Haiming Huang, Jiankun Dai, Jianrong Qi, Qianwu Song, Shaowei Wu, Wenjun Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26276

COMPARATIVE ASSESSMENT OF LABORATORY AND FIELD-BASED METHODS TO MONITOR NATURAL ATTENUATION PROCESSES IN THE CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER OF A FORMER COKING PLANT SITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe monitored natural attenuation (MNA) of groundwater contamination is in many cases considered to be a cost-effective andappropriate strategy to manage the remediation of contaminated aquifers. A prerequisite for the public acceptance of such NAremediationapproaches is that the efficiency of the presumed NA-processes should be proven. This proof must be based on anextensive hydrogeological and in-situ characterization of the ongoing aquifer processes. Additional investigations of aquif...
Autori: Achim Möller, Anja Berning, Anne Berghoff, Bernd Mahro, Christoph Wortmann
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26312

FACTORS AFFECTING BIOLOGICAL SULPHATE REDUCTION IN TANNERY WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractA pilot scale Upflow Anaerobic Filter (UAF) treating tannery wastewaters was operated for 160 days. The UAF was fed with lowCOD/SO42- ratio (SO42- = 1810 mg L-1, CODtotal = 2530 mg L-1) for the investigation of sulphate and COD removal as a functionof substrates limitation and ammonia and sulphide inhibition. Sulphate-reducing bacteria (SRB) out-competed methanogenicbacteria due to the low influent COD/SO42- ratio, the high concentration of sulphide and the presence of inhibiting compoun...
Autori: Alberto Mannucci, Claudio Lubello, Giulio Munz, Gualtiero Mori
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26353

PERSPECTIVES FOR ENERGETIC VALORIZATION OF WASTEWATER SEWAGE SLUDGE: THE TURIN CASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe right individuation of the more convenient solution for final treatment and destination of sewage sludge deriving fromwastewater plants, normally after anaerobic digestion process, is a very interesting problem, in accounting of urgent needs foracceptable solutions. The produced sludge, primarily after thermal drying, can be sent to energetic valorization processes as, forexample, incineration, gasification and also pyrolysis. In this work we examined the thermal solutions (both dire...
Autori: Deborah Panepinto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26435

ECOTOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT OF ANAEROBIC STABILIZED SEWAGE SLUDGE SUBJECTED TO SANITIZATION TREATMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe aim of our investigations was to assess the potential ecotoxicological effects induced by complex chemical mixtures ofanaerobically digested sewage sludge. The sensitivity of monocotyledonae cereal (Triticum aestivum L.) test plant to varioussanitization treatments of anaerobic stabilized sewage sludge was evaluated. Several biometrical and biochemical responseindicators were selected as endpoint in this ecotoxicological tests. Thus, the ecotoxicity of sewage sludge was evaluated thr...
Autori: Dumitra Raducanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26437

LANDFILL LEACHATE RECIRCULATION. PART I: SOLID WASTE DEGRADATION AND BIOGAS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractAnaerobic degradation (AD) of municipal solid waste (MSW) depends on the moisture and nutrient distribution within thebioreactor; these factors are affected by leachate recirculation. In this work, the effects of leachate recirculation of 15 to 120 byvolume percentage (%V) on AD were studied. The ojectives of this study are as follows: a) to determine which recirculation rateprovides the best conditions for accelerated anaerobic degradation (AD) and b) to determine the optimal range of r...
Autori: Maria del Consuelo Hernández-Berriel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26557

ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM WASTEWATER USING HORIZONTAL AND VERTICAL SUBSURFACE FLOW CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe aim of the present work is to study the performance of a constructed wetland for domestic wastewater depuration alsoworking as a microbial fuel cell (MFC) under two different subsurface flow modes in the upper cathodic compartment (horizontalflow, HF, or vertical flow, VF), and to compare the efficiency under both situations. A pilot-scale subsurface constructed wetlandtreating domestic wastewater was used, and the installation also included the electrodes and devices needed to work ...
Autori: José Villaseńor Camacho
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26574

INTEGRATED AND SUSTAINABLE SYSTEM FOR MULTI-WASTE VALORIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe general aim of this paper is to demonstrate the sustainable management of a broad spectrum of wastes (livestock, industrial,agri-food, agricultural and non-recyclable fraction proceeding from waste treatment plants) in an integrated plant. Thetechnological development and practical application of the “Mixed Plant” concept is used to achieve this objective. In order tovalorize in a joint form all the above-mentioned categories of waste, two different processes have been integrated. Th...
Autori: Dolores Hidalgo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26579

AGRICULTURAL GREEN GAS DEMONSTRATION PROJECTS IN THE NETHERLANDS. A STAKEHOLDER ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract In the Netherlands green gas is seen as a sustainable alternative to natural gas. However, green gas is still not competitive to natural gas in terms of pricing, and production volumes are remarkably low. Currently, there is a lot of attention to green gas which stems from upgraded biogas, which is produced by manure-based anaerobic co-digestion by livestock farmers. In this article the central question is to understand green gas demonstration projects from stakeholders’ persp...
Autori: Thomas Hoppe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26603

ANAEROBIC BIOREMEDIATION OF PAH–CONTAMINATED SOIL: ASSESSMENT OF THE DEGRADATION OF CONTAMINANTS AND BIOGAS PRODUCTION UNDER THERMOPHILIC AND MESOPHILIC CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including fluorene, phenanthrene, anthracene, fluoranthene and pyrene were investigated under thermophilic and mesophilic anaerobic-methanogenic conditions. By using central composite design, the impact of PAH concentration and soil to inocula ratio were systematically studied for their influence on PAH removal and biogas production. During the first 30 days, PAH concentration decreased in all samples indicating that the ino...
Autori: Tahseen Sayara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26629

CATALYTIC AND NON-CATALYTIC PYROLYSIS OF BIOLOGICALLY TREATED MANURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The utilization of manure for waste-to-bioenergy conversion processes may be a sustainable development choice rather than its traditional use as a fertilizer. Furthermore, the valorization of manure via thermochemical conversion routes and their integration with biological processes can provide an additional pathway in the utilization of residual biomass. On the other hand, the use of metal oxides might enhance the performance of thermochemical processes such as pyrolysis by either ...
Autori: Maria Fernandez-Lopez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26647

CASE STUDY ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN INDUSTRIAL ANAEROBIC DIGESTERS AT MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Anaerobic digestion was analyzed as the biological process that converts the organic matter present in various types of wastes, activated sludge from the wastewater treatment facilities respectively, into biogas. Latest advancements in the mathematical modeling, simulation and control practices have helped in gaining a better insight of the process. In this paper, an energy efficiency and techno-economical investigation of anaerobic digestion technology for the CHP cogeneration unit...
Autori: Alexandrina Zuza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26648

PRELIMINARY ECOTOXICOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF ERYTHROSIN B AND ITS PHOTOCATALYTIC DEGRADATION PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The class of xanthene dyes has a complex chemical structure, which showed to be toxic for mixed culture of microorganisms (i.e. anaerobic granular sludge). Because of the unwanted effects of Erythrosin B (Ery B) on environmental components and some food confirmed previously, the dye was chosen in this study to evaluate its ecotoxicity. Also, the Ery B photocatalytic degradation products were assessed in terms of their ecotoxicity. Three-days of seed germination and root growth test...
Autori: Laura Carmen Apostol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26660

COMPARATIVE STUDIES ON KINETICS OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC BIODEGRADATION OF LIPIDS FROM OLIVE OIL MILL WASTEWATERS WITH MIXTURE OF Bacillus spp. CELLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The experiments on the olive oil mill wastewater treatment for removing the lipids by anaerobic and aerobic biodegradation with mixed Bacillus spp. culture indicated that the rate of the aerobic process is up to two times higher than that of the anaerobic one. In this context, it was found that the influence of the dissolved oxygen concentration on the lipids biodegradation process is significant, but the kinetic model given in literature does not consider this parameter. Therefore,...
Autori: Ramona Mihaela Matran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26674

BIODEMINERALIZATION OF SHRIMP SHELL VIA AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS: GROWTH KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In the process of chitin extraction, shrimp shell powder was treated by Lactobacillus plantarum culture. The efficiency of microbial demineralization (DM) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was investigated. The shrimp shell powder was incubated at 30 °C for 6 days with L. plantarum. In order to prepare microbial culture, inoculums size was 5% for culture inoculation. Date syrup with total reduce sugar concentration of 30 g.L-1 was used. The value of pH in anaerobic conditio...
Autori: Marjan Khorrami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26692

NITROGEN AND PHOSPHORUS REQUIREMENT IN ANAEROBIC PROCESS: A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Anaerobic processes have been successfully applied in the treatment of municipal and industrial wastewaters. Judicious use of nutrients in anaerobic treatment has not been systematically investigated. The optimal nutrient dosage for anaerobic wastewater treatment systems is largely unknown. In this paper, COD:N:P ratio used by various researchers in anaerobic wastewater treatment systems for treating different types of wastewaters are compiled and critically analyzed. In order to ha...
Autori: Athar Hussain
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26697

CARBON FOOTPRINT OF ELECTRICITY FROM ANAEROBIC DIGESTION PLANTS IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract In the context of biogas sustainability assessment, a promising way to reach greenhouse gases (GHG) reduction and fossil energy savings is the anaerobic digestion (AD) of both animal manure and energy crops. Nowadays, more than 1,100 AD plants are working in Italy, mostly located in Northern Regions. To those plants with an electrical power lower than 1 MW, strong public incentives were given, therefore, several of them have been put into operation; this entailed increasing cereal ...
Autori: Jacopo Bacenetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26771

OPTIMIZATION OF THERMOPHILIC ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF WINERY BIO-WASTE BY MICRO-NUTRIENTS AUGMENTATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Thermophilic anaerobic digestion is a suitable technology to treat agricultural waste because of its higher biogas production, hygienisation effect and solids removal efficiency. Although these benefits, poor effluent quality and instability are encountered in some cases. The anaerobic co-digestion of winery waste and waste activated sludge at 55°C, operating at 23 days HRT and with an organic loading rate of 3.2 kg COD/m3d, was characterized by accumulation of volatile fatty ac...
Autori: Cinzia Da Ros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26775

MYCELIAL GROWTH AND ENZYMATIC ACTIVITIES OF WHITE-ROT FUNGI ON ANAEROBIC DIGESTATES FROM INDUSTRIAL BIOGAS PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract Solid digestate (SD) represents an environmental problem due to the continuous increase of biogas production. In the present study four white-rot fungal strains were screened for their ability to grow on two different SD samples, obtained from industrial biogas plants, using wheat straw (WS) as a control medium. Results show that i) the feedstock used in the biogas plant influences the time required for the colonization of the corresponding SD and ii) different fungal strains have d...
Autori: Guglielmo Santi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26792

BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WHEAT STRAW PRE-TREATED WITH LIGNINOLYTIC FUNGI AND CO-DIGESTION WITH PIG SLURRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This study carried out for the first time a comparison among ligninolytic (white-rot) and cellulosolytic or xylanolytic (Trichoderma) pre-treated wheat straw, for biogas production, potential, without or with pig slurry in co-digestion. Methane (CH4) production from wheat straw pre-treated for 4 and 10 weeks with seven different fungal isolates was preliminarily measured. Then, the effects on biogas yield of the co-digestion with pig slurry were checked on straw pre-treated with 3 s...
Autori: Ciro Vasmara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26796

ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS IN COWS MILK IN RODNEI MOUNTAINS AREA, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the content of the main essential trace (Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Se and Zn) and toxic (As, Cd, Hg and Pb) elements in milk by inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and cold vapor atomic fluorescence spectrometer (CV-AFS) following priory microwave-assisted digestion with HNO3-H2O2. The milk samples were collected from local small-scale producers of different parts of Rodnei Mountains, Eastern Carpathians, Romania. Mean concentrations in...
Autori: Oana Cadar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26876

KINETIC TESTS OF ANAEROBIC DECHLORINATION OF A POLLUTED GROUNDWATER IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The results of batch tests of anaerobic dechlorination on groundwater samples collected downgradient from an industrial site in Northern Italy are presented and discussed. The experiments were carried out using sucrose as electron donor at equimolar concentration and at selected excess with respect to the total reducible species. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effectiveness of sucrose to achieve a complete chlorinated solvents degradations at the specific site, and ...
Autori: Luca Di Palma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26895

HYDROLASE ACTIVITY DURING MICROAEROBIC THERMOPHILIC DIGESTION OF SLUDGE AFFECTED BY SODIUM DODECYLBENZENE SULFONATE (SDBS)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
In the presence of surfactant sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS), the development of main hydrolysis products (soluble carbohydrate and protein) and hydrolytic enzyme activities (amylase and protease) were monitored during microaerobic thermophilic digestion (MATD) of waste activated sludge (WAS). Results showed that the presence of SDBS remarkably increased the solubility of protein and carbohydrate into aqueous phase. The maximal concentration of carbohydrate and protein was 990.39 and...
Autori: Qi Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26958

NITRATE DEPENDENT DEGRADATION OF XYLENE ISOMERS BY PSEUDOMONAS CHLORORAPHIS UNDER ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
A pure strain of Pseudomonas chlororaphis DJ-4 capable of anaerobic biodegradation of o-xylene, m-xylene and p-xylene was isolated from gasoline contaminated soil. In batch cultures, growth of the strain and biodegradation of xylene isomers led to stoichiometric reduction of nitrate. P. chlororaphis DJ-4 could degrade 150 mg L-1 of m-xylene completely within 12 days and without a lag period. However, higher initial concentrations of o-xylene and p-xylene were toxic to the bacterium of P. chl...
Autori: Junfeng Dou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27005

INFLUENCE OF FREEZING/THAWING AND DRYING/MILLING ON BIOCHEMICAL METHANE POTENTIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
In studies of biochemical methane production (BMP) researchers often collate a large number of samples at the same time for a sample archive. The samples are often frozen to avoid microbial transformation, further homogenized by grinding. We studied the influence of subfreezing/thawing and drying/milling of energy crop on BMP and anaerobic biodegradability (BD). Relative standard deviation (RSD, %) between the BMP of controls and of the subfrozen was in the range 2.1–9.0%, and of the d...
Autori: Jin Mi Triolo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27079

CAN DISINTEGRATION BASED ON COD (DDCOD) REPRESENT THE BIODEGRADABILITY OF DISINTEGRATED SLUDGE?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The research presented in this paper aimed to investigate the relationship between sludge anaerobic biodegradability and degree of sludge disintegration based on COD (DDCOD) in a wide range from 0 to 66.7%. Sonication as an advanced sludge pretreatment was used to disintegrate sludge. Meanwhile, biogas production in the anaerobic digestion process was used to present the sludge biodegradability. The performances of anaerobic digestion for pretreated sludge at different degrees of disintegrati...
Autori: Shuyu Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27100

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ELECTRICITY GENERATION FROM BIOGAS IN PALESTINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
In Palestine, the energy situation is unique compared to other Middle Eastern Countries, as there are technical and political challenges for transporting, storing, importing and exporting energy. Actually, energy import from Israel meets the major share of Palestinian energy needs. Palestinian reliance on Israel concerning its energy supply is an issue due to the political situation. Furthermore, from an environmental point of view, Israel predominantly relies on fossil fuels for its own elec...
Autori: Jacopo Bacenetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27120

EFFECT OF METHYLENE BLUE ON ELECTRON MEDIATED MICROBIAL FUEL CELL BY Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are bioelectrochemical reactors that directly convert the chemical energy stored in chemical bonds of organic substrates, to electrical energy. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was implemented as biocatalyst in the anaerobic anode compartment of an MFC using glucose as carbon source and methylene blue as electron mediator. Our results showed the effect of methylene blue on the microbial metabolism and the reversibility of the redox reaction of the shuttle mediator in the p...
Autori: Ruggero Rossi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27131

BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM BIODEGRADABLE BIOPLASTICS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
In this study, the potential for biogas production from biodegradable bioplastics was evaluated. Mater-Bi® (a family of maizestarch based flexible films) and PLA (PolyLactic Acid; a rigid, polylactide-based, polymer) bioplastics were digested in laboratory batch reactors, alone or in co-digestion with pig slurry or scotta (partially deproteinized cheese whey), at 35°C or 55°C. Methane (CH4) and hydrogen (H2) production were monitored during the incubation period. Maximum CH4 (Mmax...
Autori: Ciro Vasmara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27134

PILOT FIELD DEMONSTRATION OF WOODCHIP BIOFILTERS IN THE TREATMENT OF SEPARATED PIG MANURE DIGESTATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Three pilot-scale biofilters consisting of 1 m aerobic woodchip layers and 0.5 m submerged woodchip layers were constructed to treat the separated pig manure anaerobic digestate (SAD). Reductions of 54% dry matter, 80% of chemical oxygen demand (COD), 93% of 5-day biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5), 86% of total nitrogen (TN) and 79% of total phosphorus (TP) were achieved. The study results confirm the occurrence of nitrification in the aerobic woodchip layers and denitrification in the submer...
Autori: Kathy Carney
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27161

ORGANIC ACID PRODUCTION FROM THE ORGANIC FRACTION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE AND COW MANURE IN LEACHING BED REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
This study was carried out to (1) investigate the potential of in-vessel solid-state anaerobic acidogenic co-digestion of high solids containing substrates, namely organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and cow manure and (2) examine the feasibility of using leaching bed reactors (LBR) for hydrolysis/liquefaction and acidification of OFMSW and cow manure mixtures for maximum total volatile fatty acid (VFA) and alcohol production. Results indicated that hydrolysis efficiency of 20-25% ...
Autori: Tuba H. Erguder
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27186

COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT DURATION OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC PHASES ON ACID RED 18 REMOVAL IN SEQUENCING BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this work, the effect of cyclic anaerobic/aerobic conditions on the biodegradative capability of the mixed microbial culture for the azo dye Acid Red 18 was investigated in the sequencing batch reactors. For this purpose, five anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactors were operated under the same operation conditions at different anaerobic/aerobic reaction times. The whole reaction time was 22-h with anaerobic/aerobic periods of 6/16, 10/12, 14/8, 18/4 and 22/0 (h/h) in An/ASBR1 to 5, respe...
Autori: Mohammad Hakimelahi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27191

KINETIC CONSTANTS DETERMINATION OF PETROLEUM REFINERY EFFLUENT TREATMENT IN A UASB REACTOR USING RSM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
In this study, an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) bioreactor at the mesophilic temperature (38ºC) was successfully used for the treatment of petroleum refinery effluents. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for the design and analysis of experiments to predict the behavior of the initial COD and the hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the bioreactor. A statistical analysis indicated that the models adequately represented the experimental data. At the optimal conditions, the ...
Autori: Seyed Omid Rastegar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27233

ELECTROCHEMICAL DISINFECTION OF EFFLUENTS FROM POULTRY WASTE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
The electrochemical disinfection of effluents from poultry waste anaerobic digestion was investigated. The influences of electric current densities, electrolyte species and dosages, effluent turbidity and concentrations on the bacterial inactivation were determined. The efficiency of inactivating bacteria in the effluents by electrochemical treatment increased with increasing the electric current density and electrolyte dosages. Treatment with the addition of HCl as electrolytes resulted in the ...
Autori: Mengzi Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27252

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN BANJALUKA, BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
In this paper life cycle assessment was applied to analyze and evaluate, from an environmental point of view, current and alternatives to the current solid waste management system in Banjaluka region. The current system, which is disposal on landfill, has significant adverse environmental impacts caused by methane emissions from landfill. Therefore, four different scenarios were developed as alternatives to the current waste management system. Landfilling with energy recovery, separate collectio...
Autori: Draženko Bjelić
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27312

MODELING OF DYE REDUCTION BY SLUDGE DIGESTION: COMBINED EFFECT OF BIOCHEMICAL AND CHEMICAL REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
The kinetics of azo dye reduction based on combined effect of biochemical reduction by anaerobic mixed culture and chemical reduction with hydrogen sulfide was investigated. Hydrogen sulfide was produced by sulphate reducing bacteria existing in the anaerobic mixed culture. The effect of initial anaerobic biomass, initial substrate, and initial dye (Reactive Orange 107) concentrations on reduction kinetics were studied with batch assays. The municipal waste sludge was used as electron donating s...
Autori: Umay Gokce Ozkan-Yucel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27386

EVOLUTION OF HUMIC SUBSTANCES DURING ANAEROBIC SLUDGE DIGESTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
A comparative study of humic substances (HS) extracted from raw sludge and its digested product was carried out in order to analyze HS evolution during sludge anaerobic digestion. HS content, elemental composition, functional groups, infrared spectra and ultraviolet absorbances were analyzed by means of chemical and spectrographic methods. The extracted HS were also fractionated by ultrafiltration in order to obtain their molecular weight (MW) distribution. The results showed that humic acids (...
Autori: Huan Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27390

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
• EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DE...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27398

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DEVELOPME...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27399

ASSESSMENT OF PERFORMANCE AND ADVANTAGES RELATED TO THE USE OF A NATURAL COAGULANT IN THE INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The paper deals with the demonstration of the technical and environmental advantages related to the use of a tannin based coagulant in textile wastewater treatments. The natural coagulant was tested to evaluate its performance in the coagulation/flocculation process, the level of biodegradability in both aerobic and anaerobic conditions and the eco-toxicological risks for aquatic systems. Results were compared with a common inorganic metal based coagulant. The findings at lab scale showed th...
Autori: Antonio Giuliano
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27407

BIOPHYSICAL FACTORS AFFECTING THE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF WASTE COOKING OIL IN MODEL SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The anaerobic digestion (AD) of fat-containing waste is often prolonged in time and problematic. Differences in AD performances could rely in a different probability for microorganisms to access the substrate. The aim of this study was to study the AD of waste cooking oil (WCO) with a biophysical approach. Two laboratory experiments were carried out using model systems consisting of WCO + hydration medium (HM) in 100 mL, static, in-batch reactors. In the first experiment, we assumed the WCO to H...
Autori: Francesca Fiume
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27409

BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM WHEAT STRAW PRE-TREATED WITH HYDROLYTIC ENZYMES OR SODIUM HYDROXIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Lignocellulosic residues are relatively recalcitrant to bioconversion during anaerobic digestion (AD) for biogas production. Pre-treatments with cellulolytic enzymes or diluted alkali can facilitate biomass hydrolysis and enhance the process. Both pre-treatments require low energy and chemical inputs, without accumulation of inhibitor. Milled wheat straw was pre-treated with hydrolytic enzymes or with diluted NaOH before AD. The pre-treatments were performed on sterilized, stabilized with formic...
Autori: Ciro Vasmara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27420

ANAEROBIC DIGESTION OF FOOD WASTE FROM RESTAURANT OF A FERMENTATION INDUSTRY AND POTENTIAL FOR METHANE GAS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
In the present study, anaerobic treatment of food wastes from restaurants of a fermentation industry and methane gas production yields produced during the treatment were investigated. For this purpose, food wastes with a Total Solid Contents (TS) ratio of 5- 7-10% were digested in a 100l experimental reactor. Batch anaerobic digestion studies were conducted at mesophilic temperatures (36.5 oC) for 30 days and optimum Volatile Fatty Acids (VFA) and alkalinity values for methane gas production ...
Autori: Sevgi Fersiz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27429

METHODS FOR HEAVY METALS (HM) EXTRACTION FROM SLUDGE SAMPLES AND THEIR USE FOR SOIL UPGRADING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The paper presents results obtained by analysis of some soil and wastes samples in order to establish the heavy metal (HM) content from these samples. The analyzed wastes were sewage sludge from municipal waste treatment and hydrotechnical basin sludge. These types of wastes were mixed with soil from Oltenia Sub-Carpathian area, obtaining the substrates useful for different types of plants. It was studied the migration potential of the metals from substrate to apple trees, the results being comp...
Autori: Cristian Predescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27476

BIOMETHANATION OF PINEAPPLE WASTES USING POTENT ANAEROBIC CONSORTIA SUBSTITUTING COW MANURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The present study deals with the production of biogas from post-harvest wastes of pineapple such as peels, leaves, mixture of peels and leaves with the two different types of inoculum viz., Cow Manure (CM) and Novel microbial Consortia (NC). The results between the two types of inoculum were compared to find out their efficiency. Among the different substrate-inoculum combinations, the biogas production potential was evaluated which resulted that NC was more efficient compared to CM. All assays ...
Autori: Mukesh Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27496

OPTIMIZATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS FOR DECOLOURIZATION OF ANAEROBICALLY DIGESTED MOLASSES SPENTWASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Fungal isolate Aspergilius niger V-8 (IITB) was isolated from the sludge of anaerobic digester of distillery wastewater treatment plant and was found to be an appropriate fungal isolate for the purposes of decolourization of anaerobically digested molasses spentwash (ADMS). The study aimed at optimization of the environmental parameters for achieving maximum decolourization of ADMS using isolated fungal species. Environmental parameters like initial pH, mixing, immobilization and surfactant a...
Autori: Mrityunjay Singh Chauhan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27502

INCREASING ROLE OF MICROORGANISM WITH UBIQUINONE-9 IN DENITRIFYING PAO SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
An anaerobic-aerobic (An-Ox) sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was operated for the growth of phosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs), while an anaerobic-anoxic (An-Ax) SBR was used for the growth of denitrifying PAOs (dPAOs). Both reactors exhibited successful enhanced biological phosphorous removal (EBPR) performance. The sludge P contents in the two reactors increased from approximately 2% at the beginning of the operation to 9.1% (An-Ox SBR) and 7.3% (An-Ax SBR) after 140 d. The results of the...
Autori: Hansaem Lee
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27525

APPLICATION OF DOWNFLOW ANAEROBIC UPFLOW OXIC SUBMERGED BIO-FILM REACTOR (DAUOSBR) IN REMOVING PHOSPHORUS, NITROGEN, ORGANIC MATTER, TURBIDITY AND TOTAL SUSPENDED SOLIDS FROM HOSPITAL WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Aerobic treatment processes using attached media have been studied extensively to remove organic matter from wastewater and also denitrification process. The objective of this study was to assess the ability of down flow anaerobic up flow oxic submerged bio-film reactor (DAUOSBR) to remove phosphorus, nitrogen compounds, BOD5, COD, turbidity and total suspended solids from the Farabi Hospital wastewater. The present work involved designing and building a reactor loaded with down flow anaerobic u...
Autori: Meghdad Pirsaheb
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27622

EFFECT OF MOLASSES ADDITION AS BIODEGRADABLE MATERIAL ON PHENOL REMOVAL UNDER ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
The link between the concentration of biodegradable organic matter and the rate of phenol removal in anaerobic conditions was examined in this work. This study was undertaken using a laboratory scale anaerobic stabilization pond and five closed reactors at two retention times, 2 and 5 days. The initial concentration of phenol and soluble COD decreased in the anaerobic pond effluent and the reactors with increasing hydraulic retention time; 98.6 % phenol removal was observed in reactors after 50 ...
Autori: Ali Almasi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27623

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
FLUCTUATION OF RIVER NETWORK WATER ENVIRONMENTAL CARRYING CAPACITY IN A COMPLICATED RIVER-LAKE SYSTEM    • MINERALOGY AND GEOCHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION OF HEAVY METALS FOR THE FAGUL CETĂȚII TAILINGS, ROMANIA    • ACCUMULATION AND AVAILABILITY OF TRACE ELEMENTS FROM SOIL INTO ORIENTAL TOBACCO GROWN IN MACEDONIA    • OLFACTORY EFFECT ON LANDSCAPE PREFERENCE    • EFFECT OF MOLASSES ADDITION AS BIODEGRADABLE MATERIAL ON PHENOL REMO...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27628

ANAEROBIC-AEROBIC BAFFLED REACTOR TREATING REAL MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER IN A LOW INCOME COMMUNITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
Inadequate sanitation and poor infrastructure for waterborne sanitation are common in many developing countries. The anaerobic/aerobic baffled reactor (AABR) is a sustainable option for water sanitation in developing countries. In the present study, a 2.50 m3 AABR reactor working with real municipal wastewater was monitored. Four sequenced chambers, the first three being anaerobic and the fourth aerobic composed the AABR reactor. AABR efficiency and performance were examined during four diff...
Autori: Gustavo Henrique Ribeiro da Silva
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27656

APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM) FOR OPTIMIZATION OF ZINC EXTRACTION FROM ANAEROBIC SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The reuse of sewage sludge will be increasing in the future, with expansion of sewerage works and advanced sewage treatments. During anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants the humification of organic matter will have an important effect on the physico-chemical forms of heavy metals. The aim of our paper was to investigate mobility of zinc from dried anaerobic sludge (DANS) from municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) via single step (simultaneous) extraction pr...
Autori: Vladimír Frišták
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27695

DETERMINATION OF THE RARE EARTH METALS IN THE RED MUD FOR POSSIBLE UTILIZATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Huge amount of red mud has been disposed for the past several decades and it is still generating all over the world. Red mud is a waste of the bauxite processing industry obtained during the alkaline extraction of alumina from bauxite ore. The red mud is a potential raw material containing several valuable components including iron, titanium and rare earth metals. The aim of the research was to develop an appropriate acid digestion technique for the red mud in order to determine the amount of...
Autori: Tatjána Juzsakova1
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27780

AN ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS POLLUTION POTENTIAL OF ROAD SEDIMENT DERIVED FROM A SUBURBAN ROAD NETWORK UNDER DIFFERENT WEATHER CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The quantification of heavy metals in dry and wet weather derived (runoff and snowfall) sediment from roads, under three different environmental conditions, has indeed the potential to allow improved understanding on urban diffuse pollution. With that aim, the reported study determined the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, Ni, Cr and Zn in road sediment, which are reported to be found in elevated level in the road-traffic environment, and associated pollution levels at four different sites, represen...
Autori: Sudip K. Pal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27776

SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF HEAVY METAL POLLUTION POTENTIAL FROM AN URBAN ROAD NETWORK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
This study investigated the spatial variability of heavy metal emission patterns and associated measures of contamination on Riccarton Campus at Heriot-Watt University in Edinburgh, Scotland. Road deposited sediments were collected from 12-different sites representing typical urban/sub-urban road layout over a 10 month period covering seasonal variations. The heavy metal concentrations of the road sediments collected from different sites of a road were determined by strong nitric acid digestion ...
Autori: Sudip K. Pal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27738

SPENT COFFEE GROUNDS FROM COFFEE VENDING MACHINES AS FEEDSTOCK FOR BIOGAS PRODUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
Large amounts of spent coffee grounds (SCG) are currently available all over the world due to the enormous increase in coffee consumption. This increase has in turn to be related to the even greater diffusion of coffee vending machines. The aim of this study was to evaluate the biomethanation potential (BMP) of SCG alone or in co-digestion with pig slurry (PS). Pig slurry was chosen because it is frequently utilized as feedstock for biogas production from agricultural waste. The raw material was...
Autori: Ciro Vasmara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27794

TREATMENT OF AN AZO DYE - CONTAINING WASTEWATER IN INTEGRATED ANAEROBIC-AEROBIC MEMBRANE SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR (MSBR) AT DIFFERENT HYDRAULIC RETENTION TIMES (HRTS)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
In this study, application of integrated anaerobic-aerobic membrane sequencing batch reactor (MSBR) for treatment of an azo dye-containing wastewater was investigated. For this purpose, three lab-scale MSBR systems were operated at various hydraulic retention times (HRT) of 48, 24 and 16 h with constant value of solid retention time (SRT) for all reactors. The treatment performance and the decolorization kinetic of the systems as well the fouling rate of the membranes were evaluated during the e...
Autori: Maryam Hasani Zonoozi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27851

SIMULTANEOUS TREATMENT OF SULFATE WASTEWATER AND DOMESTIC SEWAGE WITH MICRO-AERATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 11
High sulfide inhibited the activities of sulfate-reducing bacteria (SRB) and methane-producing bacteria (MPB). In addition, a large number of domestic sewages should be treated in China. Thus, it is the first time that domestic sewage was collected to dilute high-sulfate wastewater in this study to achieve simultaneous treatment of sulfate wastewater and domestic sewage in the anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR). The results showed that there were obvious separation of sulfate reduction phase and me...
Autori: Peng Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27840

APPROACHES FOR ACCELERATION OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT IN THE DAIRY INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 3
The application of complex ecological approaches in biological wastewater treatment, assessment of its effect on the effectiveness of the process and comparison of the obtained data to the restrictions in the environmental legislation are key elements of the study. The processes in an anaerobic sequencing batch biofilm reactor, the first module from diphase anaerobic-aerobic biotechnology for dairy wastewater treatment, are investigated. The creation of highly specialized biological system by...
Autori: Irina Schneider
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27929

EFFECTS OF CHLORTETRACYCLINE AND COOPER ON SWINE MANURE ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
Chlortetracycline (CTC) and copper (Cu) are simultaneously used as feed additives to improve the growth performance and to prevent infection in pig farming. After ingestion by animals, most of these compounds are excreted and coexist in swine manure. They might have an influence on anaerobic digestion when the swine manure is used as substrate in a biogas plant. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of both CTC and Cu on batch swine manure anaerobic digestion in order to bette...
Autori: Rui Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27983

EVALUATING THE SUSPENSION POTENTIAL OF MANUFACTURED NANOPARTICLES IN LANDFILL LEACHATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 5
Nanoparticles (NPs) have recently been concerned as emerging contaminants. Determination of NPs in different environmental compartments is a revealing topic for researchers studying their impacts in nature. Various methods of analysis have been reported in literature for their measurement and recovery. However, there are difficulties in their quatification in landfill leachate. Taking into account varying landfill components and their possible interactions with NPs, different types of NPs wer...
Autori: Ceyda Senem Uyguner-Demirel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27989

EVALUATION OF BIOMETHANE YIELDS FROM HIGH-ENERGY ORGANIC WASTE AND SEWAGE SLUDGE: A PILOT STUDY FOR A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 9
The article describes a pilot study on a wastewater treatment plant operating a biogas plant (2.793 MW). The authors of the experiment used organic waste material, including: chicken fat with feathers (FF), molasses (M), glycerol (GL), raw sewage sludge (SS) and digested sewage sludge as an inoculum. The parameters of raw and digested sludge were compared, e.g. changes in the concentrations of ammonium nitrogen (N-NH4+), alkalinities, chemical oxygen demand (COD) and light metal ions. Potenti...
Autori: Agnieszka A. Pilarska
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28064

BIOMASS EXPLOITATION FOR ENERGY SUPPLY AND QUALITY COMPOST PRODUCTION. AN EXEMPLARY CASE OF CIRCULAR ECONOMY IN THE NORTH EAST OF ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 10
The goal 12 of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development takes into consideration the responsible consumption and production in the perspective of circular economy. The agri-food sector is more actively involved in these initiatives, because it offers the possibility to exploit waste and by-products, by adopting suitable biotechnologies. Such processes can be carried out either under aerobic conditions, for the production of compost, or anaerobically, for the production of biogas. In this work...
Autori: Veronica Novelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28078

SUSTAINABILITY ASSESSMENT OF TWO DIGESTATE TREATMENTS: A COMPARATIVE LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 10
Digestate derived from the anaerobic digestion of biowaste is a nutrient-rich substance whose direct use on land is not permitted by the Italian Legislation. The possibility of recovering its nutrients can be given by the processes of stabilisation and sanitation required by the Italian Legislation. Among these processes, composting and calcium hydrolysis with neutralization (CHN) permit to obtain useful soil improvers like compost and defecation gypsum (DG). In this paper a gate-to-gate Life Cy...
Autori: Sofia Spagnolo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28080

ENHANCED REMOVAL OF ORGANIC MATTER AND NUTRIENTS BY SEQUENTIAL BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 11
The aim of this research was to improve the removal of organic matter and nutrients from wastewater from pig farms in a combined batch reactor performed as anaerobic-aerobic sequential. For this purpose, it was suggested to include recirculation cycles of wastewater in a sequentially pulsed manner in the anaerobic treatment followed by intermittent aeration in the aerobic-anoxic treatment. This novelty implemented in both sequential reactors was studied under pilot scale conditions. The process ...
Autori: Jorge Alonso Cortes-Esquivel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28101

ENHANCEMENT OF BIOGAS PRODUCTION FROM FOOD WASTES IN A HYBRID ANAEROBIC–AEROBIC BIOREACTOR BY MANURE ADDITION AND LIME-PRETREATMENT OF RECYCLED LEACHATE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 18Nr. 12
The production of food wastes is a serious issue in developed and developing countries. The biogas production technology is one of the most sustainable methods for treating food wastes. Currently, there is a great need to implement suitable methods to enhance biodegradation and methane production. This study investigated the effect of manure addition and leachate lime-pretreatment on the biogas and methane production from spoilable municipal solid wastes using a hybrid anaerobic-aerobic bioreact...
Autori: Fatemeh Aliasgari
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28123

APPLICATION OF ALCALIGENES FAECALIS NO. 4 FOR TREATMENT OF HIGH-STRENGTH AMMONIUM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 4
Biological ammonium removal from wastewater requires coupling of nitrification and denitrification processes in respective aerobic and anaerobic conditions. This difference in environmental requirements pose a big challenge in the design of systems intended to effect both nitrification and denitrification processes. Alcaligenes faecalis strain No. 4, however, has both heterotrophic nitrification and aerobic denitrification abilities in aerobic conditions, eliminating the need to provide anaerobi...
Autori: Hung-Soo Joo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28186

EFFECT OF THE NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITION OF FRUIT WASTES ON METHANE GAS PRODUCTION AND ENERGY POTENTIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 7
Nutrients have been considered the main factor affecting microorganisms responsible for methane gas production during anaerobic digestion processes. In this study, the nutritional composition of some fruit wastes; mango (M), watermelon (W), pawpaw (P), their effects on methane gas production, and resulting energy values were assessed. Substrate samples for anaerobic digestion where prepared into various slurry treatments; M, W, P, WM, PW, MP, MWP and CONTROL. Proximate compositions of the subst...
Autori: Ogemdi Chinwendu Anika
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28233

UASB TECHNOLOGY AND CONSTRUCTED WETLAND ALTERNATIVE TO SEWAGE TREATMENT OF SMALL COMMUNITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 7
In Brazil, there is a deficit of access in relation to sewage services for a large part of the population, and this fact is the one responsible for the contamination of watercourses. This is because to the lack of investment in infrastructure in the country, since sewage treatment plants require high costs and high area demand for deployment, besides the installation of the collection system, which directs the wastewater to treatment. This paper describes the behavior of wetlands as a post trea...
Autori: Rodrigo de Freitas Bueno
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28241

ENHANCEMENT OF AMETRYN BIODEGRADATION EFFICIENCY USING ANTHRAQUINONE-2,6-DISULPHONATE IN ANAEROBICAEROBIC TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 19Nr. 7
Ametryn (2-(ethylamino)-4-(isopropylamino)-6-(methylthio)-s-triazine), a herbicide present in different type of wastewater was treated using the anaerobic-aerobic batch reactor in the presence of anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQS) as a redox mediator. The anaerobic co-treatment process was conducted for an influent ametryn concentration of 8-10 mg/L during 280 days in previously acclimated biomass. Different intermediate compounds of ametryn were identified in the anaerobic effluent using the...
Autori: Mahesh Chandra Chattopadhyaya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=28245

Sus

Acasa · Carti editate · Reviste · Despre editura · Abonament · Contact · Cos cumparaturi · Cum platesc? · Termeni si conditii
VisaMaster CardPayU

2001 - 2024 © Copyright Editura EcoZone Iasi Toate drepturile sunt rezervate.
Gazduire skaleweb.ro

SkaleWeb