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Fugitive emissions estimation from petroleum storage tanks
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
Liquid petroleum fuel products such as High Speed Diesel (HSD), Superior Kerosene Oil (SKO), Motor Sprit (MS) are stored in floating roof tanks under atmospheric conditions. The Storage tanks are provided with fittings like rimseals, gauge float wells,sample ports, deck drains and access hatches and becomes the sources of hydrocarbon vapour emissions released to the atmosphere. The net throughput and the annual turnovers of the fuel products and annual average meteorological conditions were cons...
Autori: Bandari Chakradhar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25117

New Ni(II) coordination polymers with insulating and anticorrosive properties
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
A series of new Ni(II) poly-phosphinates have been synthesised using Ni(II) acetylacetonate as nickel precursor and a succession of ligands derived from phosphinic acid: ethyl-butyl-phosphinic acid, ethyl-butyl-thio-phosphinic acid, and respectively ethylbutyl-di-thio-phosphinic acid. Chemical analysis gel-chromatography, infrared spectroscopy (IR), spin electronic resonance (RES), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), electrical resistance measurements at different temper...
Autori: Daniel Sutiman, Doina Sibiescu, , Mircea Teodor Nechita
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25118

Methyl tert- butyl ether occurrence and degradation in water
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 2
The use of gasoline oxygenated with MTBE (methyl tert-butyl ether) reduced significantly air pollution (16 - 23% lower emissions of CO and 18% lower emissions of unburned hydrocarbons) but increased water pollution. There is no European or national regulations for MTBE in drinking water except for Denmark, which has set a limit value of 30 µg/ L for MTBE. USEPA proposed a maximum concentration of 20- 40 µg/L. This paper is a review with 70 references on the MTBE production, use, properties and...
Autori: Camelia Beţianu, Florina Ungureanu, Loredana Branza, Lucian Vasile Pavel, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25122

Development trends of cold plasma reactors in the global context of carbon emission reduction
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
This paper brings a review on the trends of arc plasma reactors, in the new millennium, as an alternative contribution to the reduction of carbon emission at global level. The development of technically and economically feasible plasma processes for the production of hydrogen is analyzed. Literature provides data on achievable intensification of the involved chemical processes comparing with those from the classic reactors. The hydrogen production is studied starting from hydrocarbons and alcoho...
Autori: Iulian Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25128

Marine micro and macro algal species as biosorbents for heavy metals
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 3
AbstractThis paper reviews some practical aspects of the application of algal biomass for the biosorption of heavy metals from wastewater. The ability of different algal species to remove metals varies with algal group and morphology, with the speciation of specific metals and their competition with others in wastewater, and with environmental or process factors. The scattered literature on the uptake of heavy metals by both living and dead algal biomass - both macroalgae and immobilized microal...
Autori: Loredana Branza, Maria Gavrilescu, Matthew J. Dring
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25133

Landfill inventory in the Republic of Moldova: problems and solutions
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 4
AbsractThe paper highlights the inventory of landfill, focusing on the feasibility study of solid waste disposal sites inventory in the Republic of Moldova and existing situation in waste management, including landfills analysis. The paper contains relevant information on landfills characteristics, their location and description of disposed waste. Technical assistance for the study was provided by the regional project Capacity building for improving the quality of greenhouse gas inventories (Eur...
Autori: Tatiana Tugui
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25135

Challenges for integrated water resources management in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 5
This study presents an overview of the current activities and results undertaken within the CEEX SIWMANET project dealing with an assessment of the actual challenges for Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) implementation in Romania,seen especially in relation with the R&D system and the need to develop especially the cooperation, training and participatory processes that are required for actual implementation in which the universities may play an important role in terms of catalyst ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25150

Sensor networks in waste water treatment monitoring
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 1
AbstractThis paper presents the architectures of wireless sensor networks integrated in a complex monitoring system for a waste water treatment plant. Presently is a very expressive trend to use wireless technology for smart sensor network communication. The measurement system avoids manual data storage and an Internet server assures remote access from a station with a Web browser. ...
Autori: Florina Ungureanu, Marcelin Iulian Balasca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25190

Modelling of sorption equilibrium of Cr(vi) on isomorphic substituted Mg/Zn-Al - type hydrotalcites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThis paper dealt with Cr(VI) sorption on isomorphic substituted Mg/Zn-Al - type hydrotalcites under proper working conditions. The prepared samples were named Mg3Al, Mg2ZnAl, Mg1.5Zn1.5Al, MgZn2Al and Zn3Al. The experimental data concerning sorption isotherms were modelled in accordance with four equilibrium equations: Langmuir (L), Freundlich (F), Langmuir-Freundlich (L-F) and Redlich-Peterson (R-P) by using two ways: (i) estimation of qmax, K and n; and (ii) estimation of K and n, for ...
Autori: Aurel Iovi, Eveline Popovici, Laura Cocheci, Rodica Pode
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25215

Virtual environmental measurement center based on remote instrumentation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractIn this paper we propose system architecture for virtual environmental measurement center based on remote instrumentation. We use Internet facilities for transmission of the information. The station center can be used in remote control mode. Circumstance data can be collected with logging field station (Web-E-Nose or meteorological station). The environmental measurement center collects and automatically save data about the temperature in the air, relative humidity, pressure, wind speed ...
Autori: , Carmen Alexandru, Codrin Donciu, Cristina Schreiner, Marius Branzila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25216

Sustainable irrigation based on intelligent optimization of nutrients applications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe present paper proposes the design of a modules system of measurement and control of data distributed transmission, implemental on automatic irrigation systems of central pivot or linear movement type. By this it is intended to obtain a complex irrigation system that allows optimization of nutrient application....
Autori: Codrin Donciu, Marinel Temneanu,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25219

Using GPS technology and distributed measurement system for air quality maping of rezidential area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe project’s idea is really simple: using the LabView environment, we have realized a virtual instrument able to get from the GPS the information about latitude, longitude, altitude and from a prototype data acquisition board for environmental monitoring parameters the information about air pollution factors. The perfect solution regarding the costs, the covered area and the accuracy of the measured data is the use of a glider for flight, because of its characteristics: free flights (...
Autori: , Codrin Donciu, Marius Branzila, Marius Paslaru, Romeo Cristian Ciobanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25221

Kinetics of carbon dioxide absorption into aqueous solutions of 1, 5, 8, 12- tetraazadodecane (APEDA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThe absorption of CO2 into an aqueous solution with 1.45 mol/L 1,5,8,12-tetraazadodecane (APEDA) polyamine has been studied at three temperature (298, 313, 333 K) in a Lewis type absorber with a constant gas-liquid interface area of (15.34 ± 0.05) x 10-4 m2. The experimental results have been interpreted using the equations derived from the two film model with the assumption that the absorption occurred in the fast pseudo- first- order kinetic regime. The results confirmed the validity ...
Autori: Chakib Bouallou, Ilie Siminiceanu, Ramona-Elena Tataru-Farmus
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25223

Study of increasing soil fertility into a site with high electric field around using polymeric conditioning agent
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThis paper discusses the applications of synthetic PONILIT GT-2 anionic polyelectrolyte as soil conditioning agent into a site with high electric field around. All experimental data conclude that the use of a polymeric conditioning agent was increased the soil ability to support vegetation expressed as germination degree for some grass species (e.g., Raigras aristat). The performed values for germination degree increase from 3.05 % to 12.20 % when was added fertilized soil, and respectiv...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Ioan Ivanov Dospinescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25225

Methods and procedures for environmental risk assessment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 6Nr. 6
AbstractThis work presents the state of the art of qualitative and quantitative risk assessment methodologies in a variety of fields. Because risk exists in all ranges of human activity, both private and professional, risk assessment is an attempt to analyze precipitating causes of risk in order to more efficiently reduce its probability and effects. Numerous methodological guidelines within the field of environmental science exist to provide guidance for a risk assessment program, although the ...
Autori: , , Florentina Anca Căliman, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25226

Removal of cadmium (II) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat: Equilibrium study
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 1
AbstractCadmium is listed by US-EPA as one of priority pollutant and as a known carcinogen, and therefore its removal from wastewaters of various industrial processes is a very important environmental problem. The paper analyzes the effectiveness of a Romanian sphagnum moss peat as available and cheaper sorbent in removal of Cd (II) from aqueous solutions. Batch sorption experiments were carried out in order to establish the influence of solution pH, peat dose, contact time and initial cadmium c...
Autori: Catalin Balan, , Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25231

Surfactant - modified natural zeolites for environmental applications in water purification
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents an overview of research related to use of surfactant modified natural zeolites (SMZ) in water and wastewater treatment. The most common natural zeolite, widely used as starting material is clinoptilolite, but other natural zeolites have also been used (chabasite, heulandite, mordenite). In the first part, the preparation methods and the influence of process parameters on the final product properties is reviewed. The discussion is focused on the influence of surfactant...
Autori: , Cezar Catrinescu, Roxana Elena Apreutesei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25241

Smoke Emissions From Diesel Vehicles: A Case Study
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractWith a greater emphasis on the increasing number of diesel vehicles provided with pollution control systems complying to regulatory standards these days than ever before, it is also necessary to look into the emission characteristics of the diesel vehicles with respect to vehicle-related parameters with a view to ascertain as to how the tail pipe emission from the diesel vehicles could be kept under control by adopting suitable strategies. Considering the constraints of data collection a...
Autori: Manoranjan Parida, Mishra Rajeev Kumar, Pandey Govind
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25248

Synthesis of Ferrierite/ZSM-35 type zeolite with ethylenediamine as template
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 2
AbstractThe crystallization of ferrierite/ZSM-35 zeolite at 180 ± 50C in the presence of ethylenediamine as a structure-directing agent from reaction mixtures containing various active NaOH/SiO2 ratios has been studied. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, TG/DTG/DSC analysis, nitrogen sorption measurements and temperature-programmed ammonia desorption were used to characterize the ferrierite/ZSM-35 solids. The XRD data reveal that the samples synthesized in optimized conditions are...
Autori: Ioana Droahna, Iuliean Asaftei, Nicolae Bilba
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25251

Statistical study on the distribution ratio oF U(VI) and U(IV) species in several romanian uranium ores
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractThis paper deals with a statistical treatment applied to the determination of U(VI)/U(IV) ratio in some uranium ores, depending on the pH and humidity samples taken out directly from a uranium mine. The concentrations of different uranium species were determined spectrofotometrically. Some statistical parameters were calculated for a subsequent statistical interpretation of the experimental data....
Autori: Alexandru Cecal, Gabriel Barbir, Marian E. Răileanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25255

Refractive indices of the binary systems iso - propanol - water and iso-propanol - toluen
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractThe paper reports experimental refractive indices of binary systems iso-propanol - water and iso-propanol - toluene over the entire range of composition at different temperature. Excess refractive indices were evaluated from the experimental data obtained. This derived property was fitted to variable-degree polynomials. The results obtained have been discussed and interpreted in terms of the type and nature of the specific intermolecular interactions between the components....
Autori: Catalin Lisa, Cerasela Huhurez, Gabriela Lisa, Ramona-Mihaela Matran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25256

Effective mass transfer area determining of a mellapak 750 Y structured packing
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractThe effective mass transfer area of a Mellapak 750 Y structured packing was measured in a bench-scale plant with a column having an internal diameter of 100mm, and a packing height of 518 mm, using a broad range of gas and liquid flow rates. The absorption of carbon dioxide into natrium hydroxide aqueous solutions of 0.5 and 1.0 mol/L has been employed as test reaction. The validity of data obtained was tested by checking the two conditions of fast pseudo first order irreversible reactio...
Autori: Anton Friedl, Ilie Siminiceanu, Michael Harasek, Mihaela Dragan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25264

Study on new complex compounds of Ti(IV) and Zr(IV) in aqueous solutions: synthesis, stability and application in cleaner technologies of natural leather
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 3
AbstractIn this paper, the study of synthesis and stability in aqueous solutions of new coordination compounds of Ti(IV) and Zr(IV) with ligand N-hydroxy-succinimide is presented. The salts: TiOSO4·2H2O and ZrOCl2·8H2O used for obtaining the studied coordination complexes, can derive from recycling metallic residues resulted in mechanical technologies applied for titanium and zirconium in S.C. ZIROM S.A. Giurgiu.The new complexes were synthesized in aqueous solutions and stability were study u...
Autori: Adrian Cailean, Daniel Sutiman, Doina Sibiescu, Gabriela Apostolescu, Ioan Roşca, Marian Crudu, Mihaela Vizitiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25265

Performance of traffic noise models for metropolitan cities
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractIn India, transportation sector is growing fast and the number of vehicles on Indian roads is increasing at a rate more than 7 percent a year. During the period of 50 years from 1951 to 2001, the number of vehicles has increased from 0.3 million to 43 million i.e. an increase of almost 143 times. This has led to overcrowded roads and noise pollution. The transportation sector is one of the major contributors to noise in urban areas, accounting to as much as 55 percent of total noise on t...
Autori: Arvind Kumar Shukla, Jyoti Bhushan Srivastava, Manoranjan Parida, Sukhvir Singh Jain
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25279

Electricity load prediction for water supply systems
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThe efficient management of electricity consumption is an important tool to approach the basic objectives in the field of energy efficiency and environment protection. The paper describes an artificial neural network (ANN) approach to the problem of electric load profile prediction for a water supply system. The analysis was directed towards two main objectives: to determine the optimum input structure of the ANN with respect to the electric load profiles’ history and to determine the ...
Autori: Gilda Gavrilaş, Mihai Gavrilas, Ovidiu Ivanov
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25278

Studies on heat treatment of an AlCu4Mg1 alloy
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractThis paper presents experimental and theoretical studies regarding the behavior after heat treatment of an AlCu4Mg1 aluminum alloy with positive effect on corrosion resistance. On the basis of these experiments and the regression data obtained, an analysis regarding the influence of heating parameters on quenching and aging in order to obtain a certain stress was made. Two cases were considered: stress and quenching temperature are fixed and aging temperature was determined; stress and a...
Autori: Adrian Dima, Alina Adriana Minea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25281

Removal of nickel from aqueous solution by Nordmann FIR (ABIES Nordmanniana (STEV.) SPACH SUBSP. Nordmanniana) cones
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 4
AbstractBiosorption an alternative process is the uptake of heavy metals from aqueous solutions by biological materials. The biosorption of nickel ions from aqueous solution was investigated by Nordmann fir (Abies nordmanniana (Stev.) Spach. subsp. nordmanniana) in a batch adsorption system as a function of pH, initial metal concentration, biomass dosage, contact time. The data showed that the maximum pH for efficient sorption of Ni(II) was 6.5. At the optimal conditions, Ni(II) ion biosorption ...
Autori: Handan Ucun, Ozkan Aksakal, Yusuf Kaya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25295

Combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass brichettes in a boiler test facility
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe use of composite fuels using pitcoal and sawdust represents a high perspective. The paper deals with the experimental results focusing on the combustion efficiency of composite fuel briquettes and on the polluting emissions level. A special care is given to the determination of boiler efficiency and to the establishment of exploiting economic conditions, like the supply, cleaning etc. The research of the combustion of pitcoal-wood biomass briquettes is conducted on a 55 kW boiler.A n...
Autori: Gabriel Negreanu, Gheorghe Lăzăroiu, Ion Oprea, Ionel Pisa, Lucian Mihăescu, Radu Indries, Tudor Prisecaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25301

Equilibrium study of Pb(II) and Hg(II) sorption from aqueous solutions by moss peat
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 5
AbstractThe sorption of Pb(II) and Hg(II) ions from aqueous solutions by moss peat (from Poiana Stampei, Romania) was studied in a batch system. The data obtained from experiments of a single-component sorption were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich models. The Langmuir equation describe sorption isotherm of Pb(II) and Hg(II) with high correlation coefficients, and better than Freundlich model. According to the Langmuir model, the maximum uptake capacities of moss peat for Pb(II) and Hg(II)...
Autori: Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu, Matei Macoveanu, Mioara Răţoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25311

Wastewater characteristics in textile finishing mills
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe aim of this paper was to accurately analyze the sources of water pollution and loading concentrations in textile finishing mills. A process data collection was performed and integrated with a characterization of the process effluents in terms of treatability and reusability. In order to evaluate properly the wastewater loading, an analysis course was set. The samples have been gathered for two months; instantaneous samples (PI) were drawn from the wastewater, as well as from the pain...
Autori: Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25314

Quality analysis of the soils in the Cordun metallurgical platform area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe present article deals with the study of the quality of the soils in the Cordun area – the waste dump. This refers to the characteristics of the analyzed location site (geomorphological, geological considerations, the pedological and agrochemical characterization of the soils in the area outside the plant), but also to the establishment of the pollution rate in the location site (experimenata data, results and debates). The conclusion of the present article is that the analyzed area...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25315

Studies on the influence of irrigation on a calcic chernozem in the eastern region of Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractThe Romanian strategy in the field of irrigations for the years of 2008-2011 consists of the modernization of the existing works covering about 3.1 mil. ha, while for the years of 2011-2025 the irrigation of additional area of 0.9 mil. ha is expected. In the climate conditions of Romania, the irrigation has a complementary character over the precipitations. Because of this reason, a correct regime of irrigations needs a very good correlation between watering and precipitations in order t...
Autori: Dorin Cotiusca Zauca,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25317

Identification, communication and management of risks relating to drinking water pollution in Bihor county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractAt global level, the microbiological quality of water is a matter of concern, since diarrhoea represents the second cause of mortality. In addition, nitrates represent a significant problem and their high concentration - above the accepted limits - in drinking water is frequently encountered in Romania. Water samples have been analyzed in accordance with the methodology recommended by The Public Health Institute Bucharest. 78.15% of the water samples evaluated during the interval 2004-20...
Autori: Claudia Sarmasan, Lucia Daina, Sonia Draghici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25325

Management of waste in rural areas of Gorj county, Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractOn the top of the ecological priority list in Romania, waste management is on the third place following the problems regarding the surface and underground water pollution, as well as that of the atmosphere. The clean-up of the landscape represents an issue largely discussed in Romania. The paper presents the advantages of waste management for the landscape, which includes: waste gathering and transfer, waste selection, waste biological treatment and the storage.Some analyses of the const...
Autori: Camelia Capatana, Claudia Maria Simonescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25331

Studies on equipment corrosion in catalytic reformation of C1 - C5 fraction
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 7Nr. 6
AbstractObservations and data regarding the intense corrosion and deposit phenomena of the carbon steel tube bundle of the heat exchanger are presented. The bundle ensures the cooling of the light fraction C1 - C5 from the top of the distillation column which carries out the removal of pentane and smaller derivates into the RC equipment. Chemical and mineralogical analyses confirm the aggressive action of the fluids flowing through the exchanger. Tests have been done in order to replace the carb...
Autori: Ana-Daniela Georgescu, Lucian Georgescu, Maria Apostolescu, Nicolae Apostolescu, Ovidiu Georgescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25333

Removal of some environmentally relevant heavy metals using low-cost natural sorbents
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
Abstract        The sorption of metal ions from aqueous solution plays an important role in water pollution control and in recent years there has been considerable interest in the use of low-cost adsorbents. Many researchers have tried to exploit naturally occurring materials as low-cost adsorbents, for removing of heavy metals. In this article the removal performance of various low-cost adsorbents derived from agricultural waste or natural material is evaluate...
Autori: Raluca Maria Hlihor, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25379

Survey on the dynamic of urban air pollution in the municipality of Craiova, Dolj county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractUrban air pollution is responsible for the highest burden of environmentally related diseases in Europe. Air pollutants with strongly indicated respiratory health effects are particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide. The retrospective ecological survey has taken into account the urban air pollution with sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ammonia (NH3) and particulate matter (PM10). The analyzed data show that after applying the European regulations regarding the ...
Autori: Catalin Adrian Petrisor, Dorin Petrişor, Lucreţiu Radu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25348

Hydrodynamic modelling of pollution with LNAPL generated by waste dump from metal working industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 1
AbstractIn the present article, some models conceptually and mathematically applicable to the LNAPL transitory transport process through ground water were discussed. Subsequently, by using a personal computer program of pre-processing basis data combined with MOVER 2.0, the levigation process of oily dross/scale stored in the waste dump, which produces steel rolled tubes, was numerically simulated, in adequate scenarios. The results of the simulations will be useful at the evaluation of the impa...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25361

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 8 Nr. 3
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
? Bioremediation of contaminated air using a bioscrubber? Quality risk evaluation of the groundwater resources on the moldavian area? Electrochemical characterization of some dental materials in accelerated environmental testing? Preliminary study of simple and Fenton oxidation with hydrogen peroxide applied on final effluents from a zootechnical farm? The environmental impact assessment caused by the dykes failure? Revaluation of beer industry byproducts – medical implications? ...
Autori: http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25372

Survey of electromagnetic environment due to mobile communications
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents an analysis of the levels of electromagnetic fields caused by cellular base stations or mobile phones, measured in some residential areas. A statistical processing of the data has also been done in order to estimate both the short-term and the long-term variability of the fields caused by cellular base stations in some apartments and on the terraces of the apartment buildings at tens or hundreds of meters distance from the antenna systems. In some places, comparative ...
Autori: Alexandru Salceanu, Ionut Nica, Valeriu David
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25381

The sorption of lead(II) ions from aqueous solutions on peat: Kinetics study
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe lead(II) ions sorption from aqueous solutions on three types of peat from Poiana Stampei (Romania) was studied. The peat was drawing from different deeps, such as 5-10 cm deep (peat 1), 0.5-1.0 m deep (peat 2) and from > 1.5 m deep (peat 3). The influence of several experimental parameters (initial lead concentration, contact time) was studied in batch experiments. The kinetics of sorption was followed based on the amount of lead(II) ions retained at various time intervals. The re...
Autori: Laura Bulgariu, Mioara Răţoi, Dumitru Bulgariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25389

Adsorption of n-hexane vapors onto non-functionalised hypercrosslinked polymers (HYPERSOL-MACRONETTM) andactivated carbon: Thermodynamic and kinetic studies
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractThe adsorption characteristics of n-hexane vapors from gaseous stream onto two types of hypercrosslinked polymeric resins (MN 202 and MN 250), and a bituminous granular activated carbon (AC 20) was investigated. The n-hexane influent concentration ranged from 2100 to 4500 ppm and the adsorption processes were performed at 30, 40 and 50 ?C. Thermodynamic potentials ?H, ?S, and ?G and isosteric heats of adsorption were calculated from experiment performed at different temperatures (30-50?C...
Autori: Adela Marilena Buburuzan, Cezar Catrinescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25393

Study of adsorption equilibrium of some wet aircomposite material systems
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 2
AbstractEquilibrium data of water vapor adsorption from wet air on several materials were experimentally determined at temperature values of 313 and 333 K and air relative humidity values ranged between 30 and 90 %. Experimental data were correlated with Langmuir and Freundlich models. The obtained results emphasize the significant difference between the water retained on the adsorbent materials impregnated with various salt solutions, and on classic adsorbents....
Autori: Ioan Mămăligă, Constantin Baciu, Stelian Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25394

Methodology for real estate appraisal of green value
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Green buildings are considered a quick and effective approach to protect the environment by slowing down the consumption rate of primary energy resources and by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. In Europe, appraisals of properties should take into consideration this new feature of buildings by implementing data from Energy Performance Certificates (EPC) into real estate assessment. With this respect, a methodology is proposed and analyzed to be considered in the sales comparison rea...
Autori: Daniela Popescu, Emilia Cerna Mladin, Rodica Boazu, Sven Bienert
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25406

Research on the treatment of wastewater in the textile industry
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Taking into account the statistical data gathered in two previously published papers concerning the pollution sources in the production sector, namely Finishing section, various solutions are proposed for wastewater treatment. Bearing in mind the results obtained through the sampling method on different types of water in the urban sanitary sewer system, the conclusion was that the most convenient alternative, besides the source control is the treatment in wastewater treatment plants...
Autori: Irina-Isabella Savin, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25408

Study on the multi-annnual variability of particulate matter PM10 in Suceava City
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Fine particulate matter and ground-level ozone are now generally recognized as the most significant in terms of health impacts. This study shows that concentrations of particulate matter up to 10 microns in diameter (PM10) in Suceava city exceeded EU limits set to protect human health during 2004-2007. In order to design effective PM10 air quality management programmes, it is essential to identify the sources affecting PM10 background levels. For this, PM10 data series were analyzed ...
Autori: Lacramioara Gina Ursul, , Doina Carmen Manciuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25409

Environmental monitoring of co emissions: Statistical character of acquired data
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract A set of experimental data resulted from environmental monitoring and its informational content has to be revealed and checked for its statistical character. As a result in this paper the aim was to verify if the environmental monitoring data obtained for a specific air pollutant monitored during three years presents statistical properties. Based on the results obtained by applying statistical requirements such as fixed location, fixed variation, randomness and fixed distribution, a ...
Autori: Irina Meghea, Mihaela Mihai, Ioana Lacatusu, Tiberiu Apostol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25410

Numerical simulation of pollution with anion SO4 2- for the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The current paper describes the concept and the mathematical models axed upon flow transport and transport of pollutants in the aquifer inside a metallurgical waste hall. Then, using a complex of basic data related to a representative case study - several information being achieved by systematic measurements, for long period, throughout ten drillings - and the pack of FEFLOW 5.1 programmes, the dispersion of an uppermost pollutant (the anion SO4) has been numerically simulated, for t...
Autori: Elena Doinita Carlig, Esmeralda Chiorescu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25416

Experimental technique for saving energy in oval furnaces
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract Changing the working space by introducing some radiant panels has the purpose of intensifying the heat transfer by convection and radiation. By centralizing the experimental results, has been obtained an energetic saving of 28.67 – 32.74 % by using radiant panels; the heating speed of the charge raises with almost 50 % and the heating time of the charge decreases. In conclusion, changing the working space by introducing some radiant panels inside the furnace leads to important ener...
Autori: Alina Adriana Minea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25426

Quality risk evaluation of the groundwater resources on the moldavian area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 3
Abstract The analysis over the underground water monitoring system and the collected data from survey drilling show that the underground water has an unsatisfactory quality due to some physical and chemical characteristics. Along with these, factors like the surface water pollution, the hydrodynamic exchange between surface and underground waters and the reintroduction in the agricultural activities of nitrates and phosphorus based fertilizers lowers, as well, the quality that it has been tal...
Autori: Ioan Crăciun, Catrinel-Raluca Giurma-Handley, Ion Giurma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25436

Carbon dioxide emission associated with the production of plastics - A comparison of production from crude oil and recycling for the dutch case
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Literature data show that in general, plastics produced through the mechanical recycling route involve less carbon dioxide emission than when produced from crude oil. A review of readily available data shows that road transport of untreated waste plastics account for a significant portion of the carbon dioxide emission generated during recycling. Therefore, much carbon dioxide emission can be saved by optimizing the logistics in the recycling of plastics. On the example of polyolefi...
Autori: Peter C. Rem, Stig Olsen, Jan-Henk Welink, Norbert Fraunholcz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25442

Case studies regarding the remediation of polluted soils from inactive industrial sites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract The methods generally used for developing these studies are the assessment and investigation. Assessment – all methods used for measuring, reckoning, modeling, forecasting or estimating the presence of a pollutant in the environment. Investigation - the process of identifying the presence of pollutants in the environment, the spatial dispersion of these pollutants, the level of their concentration, as well as the analysis of the environment’s structure. The steps that were follow...
Autori: , Gheorghe - Viorel Cosara, Calin Baciu, Ileana - Codruta Stezar, Augusta - Diana Crisan, Camelia Costan, Cristina Modoi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25451

Sorption removal of chromate in single batch systems by uncalcined and calcined Mg/Zn-Al - Type hydrotalcites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract This work investigated the sorption removal of chromate anion, in single batch systems, from aqueous solutions. The process involves the sorption of the chromate by a series of Mg/Zn-Al - type hydrotalcites, with four Mg/Zn/Al ratios, in two forms: uncalcined and calcined at 500 °C. The calcined Mg-Al (Mg/Zn/Al = 2/0/1) material showed the highest sorption capacity: 35.7 mg/g. The three-parametered Langmuir-Freundlich model approximated the experimental equilibrium data over the con...
Autori: Laura Cocheci, Rodica Pode, Eveline Popovici, Emiliana Dvininov, Aurel Iovi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25461

Noise pollution and health impact in urban Arges area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Economical development in the Arges district, in the recent years, presents some aspects regarding the compliance with noise environmental regulations. The noise and its impact on human health is one of the most important objectives of the health assurance policy. In this paper a comparative study of urban noise in the principal cities of the Arges district is performed. The data monitoring of noise polution were carried out by using of specific standard methods with a Sonometer Delt...
Autori: Ion Iosub, Silvia Iosub, Victor Grigorie, Aurelia Meghea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25463

Clouds influence on the solar radiation for a mountain location
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract In designing an efficient photovoltaic system, the meteorological data of the system location must be considered. Field data registered over years prove the importance of the implementation site characteristics in the design and optimal exploitation of a PV system, because wetting and atmospheric gaseous and particulate pollution can strongly distort the incident solar radiation. Thus, in addition to the efficiency of the solar module, the tracking efficiency, the clouds crossing fac...
Autori: Dorin Valentin Diaconescu, , Ioana Sinziana Hermenean, Maria Monica Vatasescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25464

Quantitative estimation of the solar radiation loss in Brasov area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Increasing the solar energy conversion into electrical or thermal energy represents an European and national priority, because it offers clean alternatives to the use of fossil fuels, in no pollutant systems, based on photovoltaic modules and solar collectors. The global solar radiation is the most important factor affecting the amount of energy produced by a PV module. In direct connection with the change in the solar energy conversion, the TR - Loss Coefficient (Tr??bungsfaktor) is...
Autori: , Dorin Valentin Diaconescu, Maria Valentina Dinicu (Popa), Bogdan Gabriel Burduhos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25465

Olt river monitoring and quality assessment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract This paper aims to present an assessment of Olt River water quality along Brasov county area, using data acquired during 2005- 2007. Olt River is an important river in Romania, and its basin is covering almost 10 counties, which main part of its middle section passes Brasov County. Olt River is providing water for industry, agriculture and human use, but is also collecting treated and not treated wastewaters from different sources. Two important sampling sites were studied: Feldioar...
Autori: Mihaela Sica, Dorina Dragan, Ramona Furnica, Camelia Draghici,
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25467

Anti-inflammatory constituents from different plant species
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Herbs have been used as food and for medicinal purposes for centuries. In recent years, natural compounds such as phenolic acids, phenolic diterpenes and triterpenes, present in various plants, have been the subject of intense research due to their potential benefits for human health. It has been demonstrated that the antioxidant and radical scavenge activities are the main properties of these compounds. The main difficulties in using natural products as a source for pharmaceutical ...
Autori: Ruxanda Bodirlau, Iuliana Spiridon, Carmen Alice Teaca, Narcis Anghel, Maria Ichim, Svetlana Colceru , Alice Armatu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25474

Membrane support of polyetheretherketone
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract A crucial stage which makes the other directions of development of membrane processes is getting new membrane materials, to meet increasingly stringent of selectivity and productivity. Polyetheretherketone shows high stability against chemical and physical agents but is poorly soluble in most common solvents. Present studies on obtaining the support of the polyetheretherketone membranes were limited by: solubility of polyetheretherketone in concentrated sulfuric acid and fast speed a...
Autori: Mihaela Emanuela Craciun, Aurelia Cristina Nechifor, Florin Aldea, Gheorghe Nechifor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25475

Studies regarding phenol and 4-chlorophenol sorption by surfactant modified zeolites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 4
Abstract Phenols and chlorophenols are contaminants in soils, sediments, surface waters and groundwater, largely because of their worldwide utilization in the last 50 years as wood preservatives and general biocides in industry and agriculture. The toxicity of chlorophenols and their persistence in the environment require advanced treatment techniques for their removal. This study presents the results of a comparative evaluation of the adsorption of phenol and 4-chlorophenol from aqueous sol...
Autori: , Cezar Catrinescu, Roxana Elena Apreutesei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25497

Emerging processes for soil and groundwater cleanup - potential benefits and risks
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The cleanup of environmental pollution involves a variety of techniques, ranging from simple biological processes to advanced engineering technologies. Cleanup activities may also address a wide range of contaminants. Technologies to remediate contaminated soil fall into two principal clean-up approaches: in-situ (which is always done onsite), or ex-situ (which can be done on- or off-site). In-situ treatment deals with contamination without removing material from the ground, while ex...
Autori: Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25501

Agricultural soil mapping
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The recent results of technical development of low cost GPS systems, geographic information systems, equipment and sensors which are needed to identify the state of the crops and soils have shown a growing awareness in agriculture and related sciences. The actual demand for modern crop management is dominated by the economic pressure and by the social request to increase the transparency of environmental impact of agricultural land. Currently, worldwide there are the public policy a...
Autori: Vergil Marian Muraru, Cornelia Muraru-Ionel, Ion Pirna, Ion Tenu, Petru Cardei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25504

Monitoring of environmental low frequency magnetic fields
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
AbstractWith a view to make a long term survey of the magnetic fields generated by the power line sources, appliances or, generally, by the low frequency magnetic field sources, a tri-axis magnetic field meter was proposed. Referring to the magnetic field sensor, both the characteristic proportional of the field strength and proportional to the time derivate of the field strength were considered. Thus, two active magnetic field meters working in 40 Hz ? 200 kHz frequency range were designed. In ...
Autori: Alexandru Salceanu, Ionut Nica, Liviu Breniuc, Valeriu David
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25507

Bioavailability processes for contaminants in soils and their use in risk assessment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The individual physical, chemical, and biological interactions that determine the exposure of plants and animals to chemicals associated with soils are of great importance in the assessment of contaminants bioavailability. Understanding of bioavailability processes is at last needed to improve the scientific basis of risk assessment and is the purpose of the present research. Since bioavailability processes are embedded within existing human health and ecological risk frameworks, so...
Autori: Brindusa Mihaela Robu, Camelia Smaranda, Florentina Anca Căliman, Laura Carmen Apostol, Lucian Vasile Pavel, Maria Gavrilescu, Raluca Maria Hlihor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25516

Impact of landfill leachate on soil quality in Iasi county
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Waste management hierarchy has as priorities waste recycling and energy recovery. Unfortunately, Romania is in the situation so as the waste landfilling is still considered as a suitable solution for waste management. European Union imposed a number of regulations and programs in the field of waste treatment and management that Romania must comply. The paper describes some aspects regarding characterization of the leachate originating from the Tomesti landfill (situated in Iasi County...
Autori: Ana-Maria Schiopu, Brindusa Mihaela Robu, Ion Apostol, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25523

Equilibrium and kinetic studies of copper (ii) removal on Purolite S930 resin
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The presence of heavy metals in the environment is a major concern due to their non-biodegradability, bioaccumulation tendency, persistence in nature and toxicity to many life forms. Different treatment techniques for wastewater laden with copper have been developed in recent years to decrease the amount of wastewater produced and to improve the quality of the treated effluent. All techniques have their advantages and limitations in application. One of the most used techniques to rem...
Autori: Petru Bulai, Catalin Balan, Camelia Scripcariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25531

Adsorption characteristics of Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions on romanian peat moss
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract Peat moss has been widely used as low-cost adsorbent to remove a variety of pollutants, including organic compounds and metal ions from aqueous effluents. Various functional groups allow such compounds to bind on active sites of peat moss. The adsorbent used in this study was Romanian peat moss sampled from Poiana Stampei (Romania). The adsorption of Co(II) ions from aqueous solutions on Romanian peat moss was studied in batch experiments, in order to establish the influence of initi...
Autori: Corneliu Caramalau, Laura Bulgariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25533

Nitrogen adsorption of shale for use as media in constructed wetland
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract The constructed wetlands are considered as a low-cost alternative system for nitrogen removal. Shale was selected as a media in constructed wetlands, on the basis of adsorption capacity and suitability for plant growth. The specific objective of this study was to evaluate nitrogen adsorption capacity for using as a media in constructed wetlands. Shale was sieved into 5 particle sizes Shale A-E. The physical and chemical characteristics of shale showed that it is suitable to be use as...
Autori: Amara Daothaisong, Jareeya Yimrattanabovorn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25535

Self-bonded ets-10 pellets containing iron
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 5
Abstract In this work the experimental conditions to synthesize, by direct hydrothermal synthesis, self-bonded pellets of ETS-10 phase containing iron were studied. The following gel composition was used: xNa2O-0.6KF-1.28xHCl-yFe2O3-0.2TiO2-1.49SiO2-39.5H2O with 0.8???x???1.4 and 0.015???y???0.08. The products obtained were characterized through X-ray diffraction on powders (XRD), thermal analysis (TG, DSC, DTG), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and microanalysis (EDS). The data obtai...
Autori: Pierantonio De Luca, Danilo Vuono, Monica Filice
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25544

Assessment of heavy metal contamination and impact on surface waters in Ia?i city, Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The paper makes qualitative and quantitative analyses of heavy metal contamination of surface waters in Iasi City. The examination of data acquisited from the specific sections of the rivers Bahlui (upstream section, Iasi water treatment plant, Holboca section, downstream section, Iasi water treatment station), Nicolina (quarterly data from the established monitoring system) was performed, based on data provided by the Environmental Protection Agency of Iasi District and Prut Water D...
Autori: Corneliu Horaicu, Florea Cornel Gabrian, Irina Grozavu, Catalin Constantin Calu, Monica Horaicu, Brindusa Robu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25546

Behaviour of persistent pollutants and risks associated with their presence in the environment - Integrated studies
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The paper describes the complex research developed within a national research project. The proposed studies and researches are according to the thematic frame of the program cooperation-environment of FP7, whose fundamental objective is related to the natural and anthropogenic environmental problems and resources. Under this context, the project proposes a coherent, conceptual framework for integrated environmental risk assessment and management, generated by the presence of persiste...
Autori: Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25548

A social inquiry assessment of new water and wastewater disinfection devices
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This paper aims at developing a study concerning a prototype production opportunity and its use for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) as polluters and consumers, as well as for household consumers. The technical impact can be assessed through introduction of a new and low polluting technology which does not change the taste and smell of water, does not need chemical additives and uses a series of small and easy maintainable equipments with low costs. The method called ?documenta...
Autori: Daniela Suteu, Irina Volf, Luminita Lupu, , Carmen Ioan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25555

Water footprint and challenges for its application to integrated water resources management in Romania
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract: This paper analyses and discusses the concept of water footprint, developed in order to have an indicator of water use in relation to consumption of people. The water footprint of a country is defined as the volume of water needed for the production of the goods and services consumed by the inhabitants of the country. The use of water resources comprises water use in the agricultural, industrial and domestic sectors. The overall objective of water management, which adopts integrate...
Autori: , Simona-Andreea Ene Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25556

Inter-cities transfer of a transportation project
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract Transferability process identifies the transportation projects which could be implemented successfully in different cities in order to encourage the good practices. This paper proposes a method to evaluate the environmental efficiency of a project by using a hybrid approach based on utility theory and data mining techniques. Transferability principle is applied to show the environmental efficiency of an access controlled area in the hyper centre of two different cities. COPERT III te...
Autori: Catalin Popescu, Luminita Ion, Tatiana Cucu, Jean-Marie Boussier, Augustin Mitu, Daniela Uta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25560

Modeling and simulation of quality indicators of surface water
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The efficient understanding and application of mathematical models in the study of environmental phenomena keep up with the latest results in the mathematical domain which could provide solutions for controlling, analyzing, predicting and study of risk phenomena. This paper presents a browsing through some mathematical categories of interpreting statistical data, examples and their analysis in connection with the degree of polluting the water down the Danube River with the help of qu...
Autori: Valerian Antohe, Constantin Stanciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25562

An investigation of the sorption of acid orange 7 from aqueous solution onto soil
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract The goal of the study was to investigate the sorption behavior of Acid Orange 7 (C.I. 15510) onto soil collected from Iasi area (Romania). The sorption isotherm, kinetic and thermodynamic studies were performed by batch mode. The effects of experimental parameters such as contact time, pH value (2-12) and temperature (20 - 400C) have been studied. Also the influence of initial dye concentration (10 - 100 mg/L) and sorbent dosage (from 5 g L-1 to 150 g L-1) were studied. It was found ...
Autori: Camelia Smaranda, Dumitru Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25566

Kinetic study of cobalt(Ii) adsorption on peat activated by simple chemical treatments
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract In this study the adsorption of cobalt(II) from aqueous solutions on peat (from Poiana Stampei, Romania) activated by simple chemical treatments, was investigated from kinetic point of view. The chemical treatments suppose the mixing of peat with aqueous solutions of common chemical reagents (H2SO4, NaCl and NaOH), without the addition of supplementary additives. An increase of adsorption capacity of peat was obtained in case of treatments with NaCl and NaOH respectively, and this is...
Autori: Corneliu Caramalau, Laura Bulgariu, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25571

Hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membranes for lead ions removal
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract This work describes the preparation of a hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membrane and their characteristics. The porous hydroxyapatite/polyurethane composite membranes were made via solvent casting process. The deposited hydroxyapatite layers were investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The data suggest that the method utilized in this work can be applied to obtain deposition of coating of crystalline hydroxyapatite on porous polyurethane...
Autori: Gabriela Ciobanu, Dorina Ignat, Gabriela Carja, Constantin Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25572

Study regarding the sorption of erythrosine from aqueous solution onto soil
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract In this paper, the capacity of a soil to retain the dye Erythrosine B from aqueous solution by sorption has been studied. Batch adsorption experiments were conducted to investigate the sorption of the dye from aqueous solutions onto soil with particles of different size. Different models were used to describe the kinetic data, to calculate the corresponding rate constants and to predict the theoretical capacities of soil for dye sorption. ...
Autori: Florentina Anca Căliman, Laura Carmen Apostol, Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25573

Studies on sorption and transport processes of cadmium in soils
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 8Nr. 6
Abstract Heavy metals produced and released by anthropogenic activities generate serious environmental problems. Ions of toxic metals can bind to the mineral surface in a number of ways, including absorption, adsorption, precipitation, ion exchange. The paper shows that the fate and migration of heavy metals in soils strongly depend on the physical properties and chemical and mineralogical composition of such environments. Cadmium is one of the most toxic metals with carcinogenic and teratog...
Autori: Vasile Lucian Pavel, Dumitru Bulgariu, Laura Bulgariu, Raluca Maria Hlihor, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25577

Overview on paper and board recycling in Europe
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract In Europe, recovered paper is a valuable raw material for the paper industry already since the early 20th century, actually corresponding to half of the total use of fibres for paper and board production. The aim of this paper is to describe the present status of paper recycling in Europe and thereby to create a data basis for evaluation the results of the FP7 project ?Recovered Paper Sorting by Innovative Technologies ? SORT IT. The overview is based on specific questionnaires addre...
Autori: Dan Gavrilescu, Elena Bobu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25579

A new real-time monitoring technique of the biochemical constituents of the environment
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract As a result of the global climatic changes generated by the alteration of the environment through polution, the ecosystems' natural ressources are incontrollably distributed, generating unforseeable effects at the level of the subsequent evolution of the natural balance factors. One of the greatest challenges of the science concerned with environment protection, is that of real time monitoring of the biochemical constitution. The real time monitoring of a great number of biochemical ...
Autori: Andrada Pretorian, Bojin Dionezie, Gabriel Epure, Ion Savu, Lucia Mutihac, Mihaela Muresan, Nicoleta Petrea, Petrisor Zamora Iordache, Razvan Petre, Rodica Lungu, Vasile Somoghi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25583

Chelating sorbent containing two types of functional groups hydroxamic acid and amidoxime for lead (II) ions effluent management
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The removal efficiency of Pb(II) from aqueous solutions by sorption on a bifunctional acrylic ion exchange resin with groups of hydroxamic acid and amidoxime is presented. It was found that Pb(II) sorption potential varies as function of solution pH, initial metal concentration, contact time and temperature. From aqueous solutions with Pb(II) initial concentration of 82.96 ??g/mL the sorption percentage is 98.64%. The Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to model the Pb(II) ...
Autori: Anca Ceica, Carmen Paduraru, Igor Creţescu, Lavinia Tofan, Violeta Neagu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25586

Removal of dunkel blau dye from aqueous solutions by fungal and peat biomass in batch mode
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Wastewaters of textile and leather dying industries contain significant quantities of water-soluble dyes. Moreover the temperature and pH of these wastewaters may be controlling variables affecting the biosorption performance. In this study the sorption of dark blue dye by Aspergillus biomass and peat was studied as a function of temperature, initial dye concentration, and initial pH values. In addition, the effects of sorbent dosage on the sorption processes were systematically stud...
Autori: Cornel Cojocaru, Cornel Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Mariana Diaconu, Roxana Elena Benchea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25587

Biosorption of malachite green from aqueous solutions onto biomaterials
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The use of biomaterials as biosorbents for treatment of wastewaters will provide as a potential alternate to the conventional treatment methods. The main advantages of biosorption are high selectivity , cost effectiveness and good removal performance. World wide numerous low cost bio materials have tried for biosorption of dyes. In this present investigation, the dead biomass of Penicillium sp. fungus and wood sawdust was used as biosorbents and their capacity to removed malachite gr...
Autori: Cornel Pohontu, Florin Luca, Igor Creţescu, Manea Liliana, Mariana Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25593

Equilibrium and kinetic studies of acid dye sorption onto soils from Iasi area
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the Congo Red (CR) sorption behavior onto six soils from Ia??i area, with different characteristics. The rate of sorption of Congo red dye molecules from aqueous solution by soil was studied in batch conditions. The rate of sorption was very rapid in the first 5-10 minutes and reached a maximum in 20 minutes. Kinetic modeling analysis of the pseudo-first-order, pseudo-second-order, intraparticle diffusion and Elovich equations reveals that t...
Autori: Camelia Smaranda, Dumitru Bulgariu, Maria Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25594

Catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation of 4-chlorophenol over iron-exchanged clays
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 1
Abstract Chlorophenols were selected for this study because most of them are toxic and difficult to biodegrade. They represent a particular group of priority toxic pollutants listed by the US EPA in the Clean Water Act and by the European Decision 2455/2001/EC. The efficiency of advanced oxidation processes for degradation of chlorophenols has been extensively documented. The catalytic wet hydrogen peroxide oxidation process, involving oxidation with H2O2 and solid catalysts in mild reaction ...
Autori: Brindusa Dragoi, , Cezar Catrinescu, Daniela Arsene
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25601

GIS analysis of wetland covered by Natura 2000 sites
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Geographical Information Systems (GIS) can be used in biological conservation as decision support systems, integrating the spatially referenced CORINE land cover and using data to assess whether natural protected areas cover particular types of ecosystems and/or biogeographical diversity. This study analyzes whether the Natura 2000 sites, which are Special Protection Areas and Special Areas of Conservation declared in Romania cover the diversity of wetlands and coastal areas habitat...
Autori: Alexandru-Ionut Petrisor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25605

Adaptive neuro-fuzzy approach for sand permeability estimation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Characterization of soil permeability is of great importance for several geotechnical analyses. In common practice, because of the difficulty in sampling of granular material, constant head permeability tests are usually employed on specimens having similar relative densities to those in the field. An alternative approach to permeability tests for granular soils is the prediction of permeability levels by means of empirical equations depending on several particle size distribution an...
Autori: Alper Sezer, Burak A. Goktepe, Selim Altun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25609

Validation of a knowledge-based risk model for biological foaming in anaerobic digestion simulation
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 2
Abstract Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a complex biological system which can be affected by several operational problems. Among them, biological foaming is one of the most difficult to deal with. It has many effects, such as causing gas pipe clogging and probe failures, and it can affect mixing devices, etc. Since the mechanisms involved in biological foaming development are not fully understood, it is not included in standard anaerobic digestion models. For this reason, a knowledge-based risk ...
Autori: Eric Latrille, Ignasi Rodriguez-Roda, Jean-Philippe Steyer, Joaquim Comas, Jordi Dalmau
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25610

Nitrate removal from aqueous solution using MgCl2 impregnated activated carbon
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess nitrate removal using impregnated activated carbon (AC) with MgCl2. After impregnating of AC using heat treatment, the MgCl2 is converted to efficient MgO. The denitrification was conducted at pH 6.2, 25?C, and initial concentrations of 20 mg/L nitrate-N. The effects of the operating parameters including AC dosage, pH, and contact time have been investigated. Experimental data show that AC modified by MgCl2 was more effective than virgin AC for nit...
Autori: Abbas Rezaee, Hatam Godini, Sahand Jorfi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25618

Study on removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions by adsorption on bael tree leaf powder
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The adsorption behavior of bael tree (BT) leaf powder for cadmium ions from aqueous solutions has been investigated as a function of appropriate equilibrium time, adsorbent dose, adsorbate concentrations and pH using a batch system. Studies showed that the pH of aqueous solutions affected cadmium removal as a result of the fact that removal efficiency increased with increasing solution pH. The maximum adsorption was 93.56% at solution pH equal to 6.0, contact time of 30 min and initi...
Autori: Ponnusamy Senthilkumar, Rangasamy Gayathri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25621

Integrated management and control system for water resources
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract This paper presents an integrated system of management and control for water resources, designated to improve the process of finding sustainable solutions for the problems of water pollution according to EU regulations. It is known that, regardless of the type of the source of pollution, punctual or diffuse, the water quality for both surface and underground waters can be severely damaged. Consequently, measures have to be taken in order to reduce/suppress the water pollution. In ord...
Autori: Aurelia Caldararu, Lucian P. Georgescu, Mirela Voiculescu, Virgil Olaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25622

Utilization of two artificial neural network methods in surface water quality modeling
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Artificial neural networks (ANNs) are capable of learning the relationships between the dependent and predictor surface water quality variables and have a high ability to predict from the new data set. In this study, two different ANN methods, the feedforward network (FFN) and the cascadeforward network (CFN) were applied to predict two surface water quality variables such as chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) and fecal coliform (FC) using twelve other variables as an input to the models. Both me...
Autori: Hasan Merdun, Ozer Cinar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25623

Aerobic sequencing batch reactor system with granular activated carbon for the treatment of wastewater containing a reactive dye
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract In this study, the effect of adding granular activated carbon (GAC) to aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR) on possibility to treat a wastewater containing a reactive dye (Brill Blue KN-R) was investigated. Experiments were performed in four cylindrical Plexiglas reactors for 68 days (5 days for acclimatization of sludge and 63 days for normal operation in two separate phases). Initial dye concentrations were adjusted to 20, 25, 30 and 40 mg/L in the reactors R1, R2, R3 and R4, res...
Autori: Amir Asadi Vaigan, Hossein Hashemi, Mohammad Reza Alavi Moghaddam
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25624

Assessment of Jajrood river watershed microbial pollution: Sources and fates
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract The Jajrood River watershed is one of the main drinking water resources of Tehran, the capital city of Iran. In addition it provides many recreational usages. However, a variety of microbial pollutions is commonly perceived in the Jajrood River, among them a high concentration of coliform group bacteria that has caused strong concerns. In this article, different aspects of microbial pollution as well as the main microbial pollution sources in the region are discussed. Coliform group ...
Autori: Mahdi Jamshidi, Mahdi Maghrebi, Masoud Tajrishy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25627

Modeling and simulation of an ultrafiltration process for the removal of suspended solids and colloids from wastewater
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Mathematical modeling of the ultrafiltration (UF) process is motivated by the complexity of retention phenomena that occur during the UF in conjunction with the complexity of wastewater matrices submitted to ultrafiltration, as well as by the need to predict the process behavior in extreme conditions, such as high pollution loads for UF-membrane cleaning cycles optimization or for automated control of the process. Thus, series of laboratory-scale ultrafiltration experiments were perf...
Autori: , George Barjoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25630

Equilibrium and kinetic modeling of Zn (II) sorption from aqueous solutions by sphagnum moss peat
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Equilibrium and kinetics of sorption of Zn (II) ions from aqueous solutions of pH 5 on indigene (Romanian) peat moss were investigated in batch system. The experimental equilibrium sorption data at three temperatures were analysed by Freundlich, Langmuir, Tempkin and Dubinin-Radushkevich sorption isotherm models. Results indicate the following order in to fit the isotherm equations: Langmuir > Tempkin > Dubinin-Radushkevich > Freundlich. The equilibrium sorption capacity determine...
Autori: Angelica Kicsi, Doina Bilba, Matei Macoveanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25632

Studies on the biosorption of Terasil dye by Aspergillus Niger dead biomass
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 3
Abstract Textile dyeing process is an important source of contamination responsable for the continous pollution of the environment. Control of water pollution has importance for both organisms, which live in water and those who benefit from water. Many dyes reaching the water source are difficult to decompose and cause many problems due to their carcinogenicity. Consequently, it is important to remove these pollutants from wastewater before their final disposal. This paper reports the resuls ...
Autori: Alina Dughila, Alina Stefanache, Cornel Pohontu, Igor Creţescu, Mariana Diaconu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25633

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 9 Nr. 8
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 9Nr. 8
? GREEN SYNTHESIS OF SYMMETRICAL CARBONATE FT-IR STUDY ? SINTERED BASALT AS A PROMISING SUSTAINABLE MATERIAL IN MECHANICAL ENGINEERING ? DESIGN OF BUILDINGS INCLUDING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ? ANALYSIS METHODS FOR PYRAZINE-2,3-DICARBOXYLIC ACID SYNTHESIZED USING ELECTROCHEMICALLY REGENERATED KMnO4 ? RESEARCH ON NaCl SALINE AEROSOLS II. NEW ARTIFICIAL HALOCHAMBER CHARACTERISTICS ? DETERMINATION OF AEROSOLS POLLUTANTS ON MEMBRANES. 1. MEMBRANES PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATIO...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25660

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal, Vol. 10 Nr. 4
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 4
? EFFECT OF ELECTRICAL CURRENT ON H2/ H2O2 GENERATION IN NON-THERMAL PLASMA GLIDING ARC REACTORS ? ADVANCES IN THE VISUALIZATION OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL SEISMIC VOLUME DATA ? CHARACTERIZATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC RADIATION FROM A PATIENT MONITOR ? METHODS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE REDUCTION IN ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC SIGNAL ACQUISITION ? SPHERICAL MODEL OF THE HUMAN HEAD EXPOSED TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD ? BRAIN ELECTRICAL ACTIVITY RECORDING IN SOME ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONM...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25667

BIOSORPTION OF LEAD FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY USING CHEMICALLY TREATED Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Biosorption of lead (II) onto the biosorbent, represented by untreated S. cerevisiae and NaOH-treated S. cerevisiae was examined and the effects of contact time were investigated. The lead (II) biosorption was fast and equilibrium was attained within 90 mins. The maximum removal ratios of lead (II) for untreated S. cerevisiae and NaOH-treated S. cerevisiae after 3 h were 48.6% and 92.5%, respectively, with initial lead (II) concentration of 40 mg/L and optimum pH of 5.0. Data obtained from batch...
Autori: Ying Zhang, Yingjie Dai, Baiyin Liu, Fang Ma, Ru Zheng, Limin Donghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25670

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT FOR CARBON EMISSION OF PLATE GLASS INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Carbon issue is becoming more important all over the world. Plate glass is a typical kind of building materials and the life cycle carbon emission of plate glass is a big contributor, resulting from the energy consumption in the stages of its life cycle which includes four aspects: raw materials acquirement, materials transportation, production and embodied consumption of energy carriers. Based on the relevant data calculation from China’s condition, the life cycle carbon emission of plate gla...
Autori: Meng Liu, Wenlong Li, Qunying Cheng, Yueer He, Xinyun Caohttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25672

TREND ANALYSIS OF WET DEPOSITION IN NANNING CITY DURING 1991-2004
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
The variation of acidity and the wet deposition fluxes of rainwater in Nanning City were analyzed based on the local acid rain monitoring data provided by environmental protection authorities from 1991 to 2004. The result shows that the annual value of pH is less than 5.6 in the past 14 years and the wet deposition has been getting more and more severe in Nanning. The ratio of SO42-/NO3 - has decreased. NO3 - has played an increasingly large role in acidity, though SO4 2- remains a key player. T...
Autori: Feng-qin Zheng, Guo-liang Liao, Hai-hong Huang, Yu-chun Mo, Shen-xian Wuhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25678

SIMULATION OF DENOX MASS BALANCE BASED ON VISUAL COMPONENT LIBRARY (VCL)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
Mass and energy balance calculation is the premise and key of the SCR (Selective Catalyst Reduction) DeNOx system design. However, the traditional calculation method is too complicated. In this paper, the author designed E-R data model for DeNOx system, simulated mass and energy transfer process, and developed visual calculation software based on VCL (visual component library) after studying the principle of SCR and data structure of DeNOx system. Comparing the ammonia demand and flue gas volume...
Autori: Yungui Du, Qirong Wu, Xiu Yang, Yu Yuhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25688

A GIS METHOD FOR ASSESSING ROOF-MOUNTED SOLAR ENERGY POTENTIAL: A CASE STUDY IN JIANGSU, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 6
The abundant and inexhaustible solar energy has been widely considered a viable solution to the energy-shortage problem as well as the pollution of the environment. Therefore, it is an urgent need to perform detailed and reliable estimation of available solar resource in order to shift from traditional fossil fuels to the rich solar energy. However, such a scientific action has been often taken simply from the theoretical reserves, with few regards for the specific using scenarios. This paper in...
Autori: Guangxu Liu, Wenxiang Wu, Quansheng Ge, Erfu Dai, Zhiwei Wan, Yang Zhouhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25690

QUANTIFYING THE BENEFICIAL EFFECT OF DIFFERENT PLANT SPECIES ON AIR QUALITY IMPROVEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
The beneficial effect of urban plants in improving air quality is often mentioned in literature but is seldom quantified and valuated. Quantification and valuation of the benefits provided by urban plants allow direct comparison between plant species and help make more informed urban planning decisions. Based on fieldwork study and data processing, carbon dioxide (CO2) sequestration, oxygen (O2) generation, transpiration cooling, sulfur dioxide (SO2) removal and dust interception are quantified ...
Autori: Qijiao Xie, Zhixiang Zhou, Fang Chenhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25710

NUMERICAL SIMULATION APPLIED FOR UNSYMMETRICAL DIMETHYLHYDRAZINE PROPELLANT GAS DISPERSION BASED ON CFD TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
This paper presents a study of the numerical simulation applied for unsymmetrical dimethylhrazine (UDMH) gas dispersion. This study considers an assumed UDMH store conditions and provides important data regarding the relation between the concentration distribution of UDMH and dispersion distance from the source based on the computation fluid dynamic (CFD) software FLUENT. The simulation results show that the ventilation vent and distance of dispersion play an important role in the concentration ...
Autori: Zhiyong Huang, Guofeng Jin, Xuanjun Wanghttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25712

EVALUATION OF THE TRAFFIC AIR QUALITY BASED ON FUZZY COMPLEX MATTER ELEMENT METHOD AND ENTROPY WEIGHT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
For a better evaluation of the impact of road traffic about air quality, this paper considers the development of a new evaluation index system and methods. They address the assessment of the air quality around the areas with an intense road traffic, according to Chinese standards considering sulfur dioxide index (SO2), total suspended particles index (TSP), floating dust index (PM10), nitrogen oxides index (NOX) and carbon monoxide index (CO). A systematic air quality evaluation model was establ...
Autori: Zhao-hui Liu, Zhi-bin Qinhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25714

CHARACTERISTICS OF COALBED PRODUCED WATER IN THE PROCESS OF COALBED METHANE DEVELOPMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 7
Chemical composition data of coalbed produced water can provide information to determine the water sources, understand the evolution, select appropriate treatment processes and increase the utilization efficiency of water resources. Based on methods of hydrogeology, water chemistry and environmental chemistry, the characters of coalbed produced water in the Powder River Basin in the USA and Qinshui Basin in China have been analyzed. Conclusions have been drawn as follows: (1) The coalbed produce...
Autori: Guang Xu, Li Tong, Mei Yang, Yi-wen Juhttp://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25715

ALGORITHM FOR LIFETIME ESTIMATION OF BATTERIES BASED ON VOLTAGE DISTRIBUTION SHAPE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:In spite of the large use of batteries throughout the years, both in photovoltaic systems and in other uses, there are still nocomprehensive analyses in ageing studies and, when they exist, statistics turn out to be limited. In this sense, this macro-grid is aunique experience, since the experiment is already composed of 1600 identical stand-alone photovoltaic systems and almost 10years of data taking on 10 minute interval for the main magnitudes.In this paper, it is proposed a method f...
Autori: Angeles Lpez Agera, Daniel Rey Rey, Iago Rodriguez Cabo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25718

TECHNOLOGICAL POTENTIAL OF REED AS BIOMASS FOR BRIQUETTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:In this paper the study on the possibilities of converting chopped reed stalk biomass into briquettes is described, in the conditions of harvesting water reed plant from Danube Delta region in winter time and based on briquetting technology used for wood waste from production. The water reed tested in the research has been harvested from Tulcea reed bed, one of the largest in Romania, chopped in a veneer drum chipper and compacted into the hydraulic briquette machine. The paper focuses ...
Autori: Aurel Lunguleasa, Camelia Coşereanu, Constantin - Radu Gheorghiu, Dumitru Lica, Gavril Budău
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25734

WIRELESS SYSTEM FOR MONITORING THE SOLAR RADIATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The article presents a method of monitoring the solar radiation components taking into consideration the isotropic model. Thewireless solar radiation monitoring system developed is innovative and original in comparison with the systems already availableon the market. The use of the wireless device, of the rechargeable batteries, of the sensors used for measuring the solar radiationcomponents and the temperature make this system an autonomous and a portable one. An experimental prototype...
Autori: Cornel Samoila, Daniel T. Cotfas, Doru Ursutiu, Paul Borza, Petru A. Cotfas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25735

STUDY ON ENERGY RESOURCES INTEGRATION AND SUSTAINABILITY OF THE NEW MODULAR AGRICULTURE PATTERN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 8
Abstract:The paper aims to present the new pattern of modular agriculture, as evolution of agri-food production in the coming decades aswell as to highlight the direct relation between this pattern and the massive energy support it requires.The paper basically deals with reactions to climate change, reductions of carbon emission, in addition to high quality and safetyrequirements for food production. The author envisages the PAC measures called for in order to ensure a sustainable developmentof ...
Autori: Romulus Gruia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25746

REMOVAL OF METHYL ORANGE AND METHYLENE BLUE DYES FROM WASTEWATER USING SAWDUST AND SAWDUST-FLY ASH AS SORBENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:Methyl orange and methylen blue are two dyes resulted from the textile industry. They are not raising just esthetical problems, butthey are toxic and hence harmful to aquatic animals. The aim of this study is to test the capacity of three types of sawdust (oak,willow and white poplar) and mixed substrates, sawdust: fly ash (FA), to remove the methyl orange (MO) and methylen blue(MB) from wastewater. The influence of contact time, solution pH and initial concentration of dyes on the blea...
Autori: Anca Duta, Dora Lucaci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25752

CORROSION INHIBITION IN SALINE ENVIRONMENT USING KETONIC MANNICH BASE FROM ortho-HYDROXYACETOPHENONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:The paper presents the results obtained when using one ketonic Mannich base BM (1-(2’-hydroxyphenyl)-3-(1-piperidinylamino)propan-1-one hydrochloride) as corrosion inhibitor in saline environment, for different types of carbon steels,with various alloying elements. The Mannich base was synthesized and used in corrosion experiments, in concentrations varyingfrom 0….1300 ppm. The corrosion experiments were performed by potentiodynamic polarization studies, with 50 mVs-1 scanrate. The ...
Autori: Andreea Milea, Cristina Bogatu, Ileana Manciulea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25754

THERMODYNAMIC DESIGN AND OPTIMIZATION OF A SOLAR-DISH POWERED STIRLING ENGINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:A thermodynamic model for accurately predicting the overall efficiency and power output of a solar assembly using a Stirlingengine is presented. It is based on the application of the First Law of Thermodynamics for Processes with Finite Speed and usesthe Direct Method. The proposed model could also be used to better design receivers that concentrate the solar radiation and toproperly size the receiver cavity for a dish solar concentrator. Examples of the optimization of the performance ...
Autori: Alexandru Dobrovicescu, Camelia Stanciu, Dorin Stanciu, Georgiana Tirca-Dragomirescu, Monica Costea, Stoian Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25763

MONITORING OF A PERFORMANCE-ORIENTED POLICY MODEL FOR RETROFITTING ?PANEL BUILDINGS?
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:The state support programs on retrofitting buildings built with prefabricated technology has a decade-long history in Hungary.The launch of the Green Investment Scheme (GIS) in 2009 has introduced a new path: the performance-oriented approach. Thenew model is designed for implementing more complex renovations on a deeper level. The system is in accordance with theEPBD (EPBD, 2002) and exact savings must be quantified for all projects. The present paper outlines the past and the present ...
Autori: Attila Talamon, Tams Csoknyai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25765

THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF NATURAL SHADING WITH CLIMBING PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 9
Abstract:The work presents the results in investigating the thermal behaviour of passive solar elements, for expanding the existing analysisand prediction methodologies. The interest focuses on solar control through natural shading with deciduous plants. This providesa natural path for incorporating all advantages the passive behaviour, available throughout the year. The simulation of thedynamic energy performance of building elements is developed, starting with a physical modelling of the vario...
Autori: Angelos D. Tzachanis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25768

DETERMINING THE LEVEL OF SUBSIDIES FOR ENVIRONMENTAL FRIENDLY TECHNOLOGY VEHICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The present paper is concerned with the determination of the appropriate subsidy level for environmental friendly technologyvehicles. For this purpose, the economic calculation of the corresponding environmental benefit is necessary, which is realizedthrough the calculation of the negative environmental externality that could be avoided, if the examined subsidies have beenestablished. For the calculation of the latter, the EcoSenseLE tool has been applied here, using life-cycle airborne...
Autori: Dimitrios A. Georgakellos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25782

CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE IMPROVEMENT OF POLLUTION CONTROL IN LAKES AND AN APPLICATION FOR THE GOVORA LAKE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:In this paper, the mathematical model is improved by considering the density variations of the liquid from the pollution source vs.pollutant’s concentration of this liquid and by including the sorption-desorption term (SDT), which takes into account thisphysical process, played by a first-order decay model defined by two coefficients and an exponent. In order to practically use thisimproved mathematical model, the authors inferred the calculating relationships from automatic processin...
Autori: Daniel Bucur, Esmeralda Chiorescu, Gheorghe Ţigaret
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25783

USE OF D2EHPA-IMPREGNATED XAD7 RESIN FOR THE REMOVAL OF Cd(II) AND Zn(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 10
Abstract:The adsorption performance of a novel support for metal ions sorption and their removal from aqueous solutions was examined.The support is a new solvent-impregnated resin (SIR) which can be considered as an alternative adsorbent material capable ofselective sorption. The adsorbent was prepared by impregnating di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phosphoric acid (D2EHPA) onto AmberliteXAD7 resin beads, by dry impregnation method. The interaction between XAD7 resin and D2EHPA was evaluated by FTIRspectrosco...
Autori: Adina Negrea, Adriana Popa, Cornelia Muntean, Corneliu Davidescu, Lavinia Lupa, Mihaela Ciopec, Petru Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25793

WIRELESS SENSOR NETWORK FOR WILDLIFE MONITORING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:This paper illustrates a detailed analysis of specific problems and limitations of a WSN designed for an environmental protection/wildlife tracking application. Since the main challenge in designing the network is energy minimization for activities that does not concern detection itself, we will concentrate on methods (and results) to achieve that. For data transmissions, physical and MAC layers were defined in ZigBee (IEEE 802.15.4) and WiFi (IEEE 802.11b) standards....
Autori: Alexandru Frujină, Alina-Mihaela Bădescu, Octavian Fratu, Simona Halunga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25796

REMOVAL OF Cd (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION ONTO COIR PITH, AN AGRICULTURAL SOLID WASTE: BATCH EXPERIMENTAL STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Coconut coir pith, an agricultural solid waste was used for the sorption of Cd (II) from aqueous solution in batch mode. Parameters like contact time, adsorbent dosage and pH effect were studied. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to model the adsorption equilibrium data and the system followed both the isotherms. Cd (II) adsorption capacity of coir pith was found to be 18.72 mg/g. Kinetic parameters of adsorption such as the Langergren pseudo-first-order, pseudo second order r...
Autori: Nagendra Badabhagni, Puthiya Veetil Nidheesh, Rajan Gandhimathi, Srikrishnaperumal Thanga Ramesh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25800

ANALYTICAL CONTROL OF SOIL AND GROUND WATER QUALITY ON A NORTHERN ROMANIAN LANDFILL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:This paper evaluates the efficiency of some technical depollution actions applied on a Northern Romanian landfill of solid municipal wastes, that provides ca 128 000 inhabitants and 171 economic companies, considering a great variety of specific physicochemical quality indicators for soil (8 indicators) and ground waters (34 indicators). The environmental status of the landfill was previously studied in 2004, through periodic analytical control of ground water (4 observation drilling we...
Autori: Carmen Zaharia, Daniela Suteu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25803

CHARACTERIZATION AND TESTING OF THE MAGHEMITE NANOPARTICLES USED FOR REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SYNTHETIC SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The paper refers at adsorption studies using the maghemite nanoparticles as adsorbent for removal of the hexavalent chromium from aqueous synthetic solutions. Adsorption reached at equilibrium within 10 minutes and was registered as maximum at pH 2.54. The adsorption data were analyzed and fitted by Langmuir isotherm. Investigation methods for characterization of the nanoparticles were X-ray diffraction, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. Also, in order to evaluate the hexav...
Autori: Andra Mihaela Predescu, Andrei Predescu, , Eugeniu Vasile
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25805

USE OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR PREDICTION OF COAGULATION/FLOCCULATION PROCESS BY PAC IN WATER TREATMENT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The paper presents the results of a study carried out using the Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for prediction the coagulation/flocculation process of suspended solids in water treatment plant (WTP). In this research 5 kinds of Poly Aluminum Chloride (PAC) as coagulant were used to examine the impact of coagulant kinds, PAC dosage and influent turbidity for removal of suspended solids. Determination of optimal coagulant doses is vital, as insufficient dosing will result in undesirable t...
Autori: Gagik Badalians Gholikandi, Mohammad Delnavaz, Reza Riahi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25806

KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES OF REACTIVE YELLOW 125 ADSORPTION ON A NITROGEN DOPED TiO2 MODIFIED ZEOLITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:In this study, the adsorption mechanism of a reactive azo dye, Reactive Yellow 125 (RY 125), onto a nitrogen doped TiO2 modified zeolite (Z-TiO2-N) has been examined in order to identify the affinity of the material for the investigated pollutant envisaging its degradation by heterogeneous photocatalysis. Equilibrium experiments were performed and the data obtained were fitted with different isotherm equations, i.e., Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R). The Freundlich i...
Autori: Cornelia Ratiu, Elida Cristina Ilinoiu, Florica Manea, Laura Cocheci, Liliana Andreea Colar, Rodica Pode
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25809

LEAD (II) BIOSORPTION BY A METAL TOLERANT STREPTOMYCES STRAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:The aim of the present study is the optimization of biosorption conditions using a metal tolerant actinomycete (strain 723) for the removal of lead ions from waste water in batch and dynamic flow mode. The optimum conditions for lead biosorption by the strain were determined as initial pH 3.0, biomass amount 2.0 g L-1, and initial metal concentration 400 mg L-1 in the batch condition. The maximum lead biosorption performance was obtained with a 19 mm diameter column, a 1 mL min-1 flow r...
Autori: Ayşe Betl Karaduman, Maria Julia Amoroso, Mustafa Yama, Sergio Antonio Cuozzo, Zerrin Pat
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25811

MONITORING AND MATHEMATICAL MODELING – IMPORTANT TOOLS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Analysis and debates of the scientific world and regional/local communities led to the conclusion that environmental problems are a global priority. European Union requested Member States the implementation of the Framework Directive specific for each environmental factor. In this context, Romania has pledged to achieve „good ecological status of water bodies? by the year 2015. The paper deals with the water quality monitoring of the Upper Olt River and the mathematical modeling of ...
Autori: Gabriel-Oreste Sumbasacu, Nicolai Srbu, Virgil Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25813

INVESTIGATION OF DRINKING WATER QUALITY CHANGES IN THE DISTRIBUTION NETWORK OF IASI CITY BY MEANS OF AN ON-LINE MONITORING SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 11
Abstract:Drinking water produced in water treatment plants almost invariably fulfils the water quality requirements set, for example by the European Union Drinking Water Directive 98/83/EC (EU DWD) and national legislation. However, EU DWD requires that water quality should also meet the requirements at the consumers’ tap. The quality of drinking water changes due to the transportation through the distribution networks and the time spent in the reservoirs until the last point of consumption. W...
Autori: , Ioana Gabriela Dascalescu, Maria Cohl
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25814

THE ENVIRONMENT AND COMPETITIVE STRATEGIES IN HOTELS IN ANDALUSIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
The environment is an intrinsic component of most tourism products, and in segments, such as rural and outdoor tourism, it is the reason for their existence. In recent years, tourists have been including respect for the environment as a factor in their purchasing decisions; and many businesses are using this factor as a differential component to increase their market competitiveness. However, few studies have examined the use of the environment by tourism firms as a competitive strategy and what...
Autori: Alejandro Garca-Pozo, Jos-Luis Snchez-Ollero, Macarena Marchante-Lara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25820

CORPORATE ENVIRONMENTAL DISCLOSURE AND LEGITIMACY THEORY: AN EUROPE PERSPECTIVE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
Given the scenario of conflicting evidence found in previous literature with respect to the best Theory to explain the relationship between Environmental Disclosure and Environmental Performance, in this study we have tested Legitimacy Theory by using a time series structure for DJS Europe Index and controlling for the kind of industry. We have used Panel Data Methodology to eliminate the individual heterogeneity and Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) to control for problems of endogeneity by u...
Autori: Esteban Prez-Caldern, Patricia Milans-Montero
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25825

COMPARISON BETWEEN RADAR ESTIMATED AND RAIN GAUGE MEASURED PRECIPITATION IN THE MOLDAVIAN PLATEAU
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 4
Heavy rainfall events have produced significant damages and casualties in the Moldavian Plateau (Romania) in the last decades. Such phenomena are characterized by large spatial and temporal variations, and the forecast of their occurrence is thus very challenging. This study aims to compare the radar estimations and the rain gauge measurements, in order to improve the quantitative precipitation estimation (QPE) in the area of interest. The research uses data from the WSR-98D (Weather Surveillanc...
Autori: Alexandru Dumitrescu, Aurora Bell, Bogdan Antonescu, Sorin Burcea, Sorin Cheval, Traian Breza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25940

IMPROVING THE PERFORMANCE OF A SENSOR TO MONITOR THE DYNAMICS OF THE HYDRAULIC CHARACTERISTICS OF SOIL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 10Nr. 12
Soil hydraulic characteristics are variable, being influenced by climate changes. Research conducted until now in this area has been based on field soil sampling; their laboratory analysis using experimental techniques; and the use of models and programs for data processing and interpretation. The present research is based on the idea of incorporating smart sensors on site, each one having its own network address, accessible for any location. They can be programmed to send an alarm signal when t...
Autori: Constantin Victor Stătescu, Dorin Cotiusca Zauca, Florian Stătescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25831

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN WASTEWATER SEWERAGE SYSTEM FROM THE CLUJ-NAPOCA AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are by-products of petrol transformation; a report prepared by ICON, London, United Kingdom in 2001, showed that the principal sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in wastewater are domestic usage, storm runoff and commercial effluent. This work presents the results on 14 commonly occurring and/or highly carcinogenic PAH compounds listed as priority pollutants by the United States Environmental Protection Agency and the European Union. Wastewater sa...
Autori: Dumitru Ristoiu, Edward Muntean, Livia Alhafez, Nicoleta Muntean, Radu Mihaiescu, Tania Mihaiescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25847

MATHEMATICAL MODELS TO SUPPORT POLLUTION COUNTERACTION IN CASE OF ACCIDENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper presents a mathematical model for the prediction of pollutant transport in rivers. The model has been developed and calibrated using the Matlab software and relying on field data from Romanian Someş River (collected in case of accidental cyanide release). Field data has been used to estimate model parameters (e.g. dispersion coefficient, velocity) as variable in time and space in order account for river features non-uniformity in time and also in space. These initial parameter va...
Autori: Elisabeta-Cristina Ani, Vasile Mircea Cristea, Paul Serban Agachi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25848

REMOVAL OF Cr(VI) FROM AQUEOUS ENVIRONMENT USING PEAT MOSS: EQUILIBRIUM STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
The removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solutions by sphagnum peat moss was investigated in batch experiments as a function of solution pH and initial Cr (VI) concentration. The highest removal percentage (R=99%) was obtained at pH = 1, in solutions of 20.8 mg Cr (VI)/L. In order to establish the mechanism of the removal process, Cr (VI) and total Cr (Cr (VI) + Cr (III)) in residual solutions was analyzed. The Cr (VI) removal by the peat moss at low pH is governed by two processes – electrostatic ...
Autori: Catalin Balan, Doina Bilba, Irina Volf, Matei Macoveanu, Petru Bulai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25849

EQUILIBRIUM AND KINETICS STUDY OF NITRATE REMOVAL FROM WATER BY PUROLITE A520-E RESIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Equilibrium and kinetics of nitrate removal from aqueous solutions of pH = 6.8 were investigated using the strong base anion exchange resin (Purolite A-520E) in the batch method. The experimental equilibrium data were analyzed by means of the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich sorption isotherm models. The Langmuir model describes sorption isotherm of nitrates with high correlation coefficients and better than Dubinin-Radushkevich and Freundlich models. The effect of temperature on th...
Autori: Anca Ceica, Igor Creţescu, Ion Balasanian, Laura Bulgariu, Liliana Lazăr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25851

ASSESSING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF PACKAGING PAPER PRODUCTION BASED ON RECYCLED FIBRE RAW MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
This paper is part of LCA studies performed in the frame of FP7 project ?Recovered Paper Sorting by Innovative Technologies - SORT IT?. It analysis the results obtained by Life Cycle Impact Assessment (LCIA) of the reference case for recycled packaging paper manufacturing (current sorting technology), which will constitute a comparison base for new sorting technology developed in SORT IT project. The main stages considered in the life cycle were: recovered paper (RP) transport from collectio...
Autori: Alina Iosip, Antonio Dobon, Elena Bobu, Mercedes Hortal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25860

REMOVAL OF Cd(II) IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY RETENTION ON PINE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 1
Among the different types of waste products tested, the bark of different Pinus species have been identified as a promising class of low- cost sorbents for heavy metal binding. In this context, the potential of Romanian pine bark wastes as green and economical sorbent for cadmium (II) ions removal from aqueous solutions has been tested in batch conditions as function of initial pH, contact time, sorbent dose, metal ion concentration and temperature. The equilibrium data at three different temper...
Autori: Anca Miron, Brindusa Robu, Carmen Paduraru, Lavinia Tofan, Roxana Laura Mihailescu Amalinei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25871

REAL-TIME MONITORING OF AN URBAN RIVER CONTAMINATED WITH PETROLEUM PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Fluorescence spectroscopy is a promising approach to the characterization of natural aquatic components and organic pollutants, due to its rapid analysis and high sensitivity. Petroleum products had been studied, using fluorescence technique, in numerous occasions, as seawater and soil contaminant or as raw sample. Nevertheless, no complex assessment has been made on fluorescence real–time spectra of freshwater diesel oil contamination. This study reports a 5–days experiment on an urban rive...
Autori: Elfrida M. Carstea, Gabriela Pavelescu, Luminita Ghervase, Marina Tautan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25882

IMPROVING SOIL QUALITY BY ADDING MODIFIED ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Fly ash and fly ash based zeolites are inorganics used for improving soil quality. In the current paper, the hydrothermal modification of fly ash was studied. Three methods have been employed for this purpose. The first method involved the use of an autoclave, where synthesis has been performed at a temperature of 120 0C and a treatment time of 4 to 8 hours. Within the second method, the modification of the ash at a temperature of 600 0C by fusion was carried-out. In this method, a mixture of as...
Autori: Corneliu Munteanu, Daniel Bucur, Lacramioara Rusu, Maria Harja, Marinela Barbuta, Ramona Carla Ciocinta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25885

NEW TECHNIQUE FOR SPEEDING UP THE WASTEWATER TREATMENT SIMULATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The Landra Wastewater Treatment Expert System is developed by the University of Pannonia (Hungary, Veszpr?m). The flexible, simulation-based software provides the possibility to choose the built-in mathematical models or the user may create a new one arbitrarily. A customized program codes can be created according to the technological description, the input data and the control strategy provided by the user. This way the efficiency and reliability of the system is significantly enhanced. An imp...
Autori: , Endre Domokos, Tatiana Yuzhakova, Viola Somogyi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25888

EUTROPHICATION MODELLING OF GOLESTI RESERVOIR IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
Global existence of a large percentage of lakes with eutrophication problems (54% in Romania) demands a predictive tool for the quality of these ecosystems. In this context, this paper proposes an eutrophication model that describes the thermal and biochemical behaviour of an eutrophic reservoir. This model was used to study an artificial lake (Goleşti reservoir) located in Romania. The conceptual model concerns a lake, which is considered as a closed aquatic system, and analyze a simply fo...
Autori: Gabriela Elena Dumitran, Iulia Rodica Damian, Liana Ioana Vuta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25890

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT OF BUCHAREST METROPOLITAN AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The concept of collaborative management is considered to be one of the most efficient instruments for sustainable development of some areas, which are under anthropic pressure due to the production of solid waste. The paper stands for the necessity of promoting a collaborative management among the main actors involved in an efficient and sustainable urban solid waste management, in the metropolitan area of Bucharest. The present management is mainly based on the strictly economic vision of manag...
Autori: Andrei Schvab, Daniela Zamfir, Gabriel Pascariu, Ioan Ianoş, Loreta Cercleux, Valentina Stoica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25893

AIR QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN IASI CITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
According to the Romanian Law no. 265/2006, which adopted the Governmental Decision no. 195/2005 on environmental protection, environmental agencies are responsible for air quality monitoring in Romania. Since Romania is now an EU Member State, such a plan is a must to enhance life quality, in order to meet the objectives of the National Strategy for Sustainable Development. Having regarded to this Strategy and the Kyoto Protocol signed in 1997, this paper provides the results from a study of am...
Autori: Corina AnaMaria Ioan, Florin Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25895

OCPS AND PAHS DISTRIBUTION IN DIFFERENT STAGES OF TOMATO GROWING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 11Nr. 2
The presence of pollutants in food raises some serious questions concerning their potential impact on consumers health, being necessary to monitor their distribution in the environment. The present work provides data regarding levels of organochlorine pesticides (lindane, p,p’- DDT, p,p’- DDE, p,p’- DDD, HCB, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin and hepthaclor) and PAHs: acenaphthene (Ace), acenaphthylene (Acy), fluorene (F), naphthalene (Np), anthracene (An), fluoranthene (Fl), phenanthrene (Ph), ben...
Autori: Alina Soceanu, Danut Tiberius Epure, Gabriela Stanciu, Simona Dobrinas, Viorica Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25905

APPLICATION OF GIS IN REGIONAL ECOLOGICAL RISK ASSESSMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractThe regional ecological risk assessment of water resources has spatial, nonlinear and stochastic characteristics. GIS technologycan handle large volumes of spatial information, conduct spatial analysis and spatial data management operations. It visuallydisplays the distribution trend of environmental factors and the relationship between topology and regional water ecological riskpattern. This paper presents the five stages of the application of GIS in the regional ecological assessment o...
Autori: Lin Gang Wang, Ning Lian Wang, Xiao BoWu, Ya Qian Zhao, Yin Ge Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25958

SOLVING WATER RESOURCES ALLOCATION PROBLEMS USING HEURISTIC-BASED METHODS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractDue to rapid growth in both population and economic development in China, water demand is increasing dramatically andChina is facing more and more severe water scarcity problems. Thus competitions for water (between uses, users and regions) areincreasing which make water use efficiency an important issue in China, together with the uneven spatial and temporaldistribution of water, all of which drive the Chinese government and water planners to find the optimal water resource allocationpl...
Autori: Adrian T. McDonald, Linda See, Martin Clarke, Yanan Jiang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25961

ESTIMATING AND MODELLING THE SLUDGE EXCESS DISCHARGE IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractA rapid increase of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) has made the disposal of excess sludge from WWTPs a seriousproblem. In order to enhance the management of sludge, both development of sludge reduction technologies and sludgeevaluation system are of great importance. Based on the survey data from 696 plants in China in 2009, an empirical model wasdeveloped to simulate the production and discharge of excess sludge, which considered influent, temperature, Chemical OxygenDemand (COD), ...
Autori: Chengwen Wang, Tao Xie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25963

RADIATION-INDUCED DECOMPOSITION AND POLYMERIZATION OF POLYVINYL ALCOHOL IN AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 7
AbstractPolyvinyl alcohol (PVA) is a typical refractory organic pollutant with low biodegradability and high molecular weight. Thispaper presents data on the radiolysis of PVA in aqueous solutions by using ionizing radiation. Response surface methodologywith Box-Benhken design of experiment was applied to analyze the interactions among initial concentration of PVA, absorbeddose, and initial pH of aqueous solutions on PVA removal efficiency. 9.4-89.4% PVA was removed based on differentcombination...
Autori: Jianlong Wang, Jinping Tian, Lujun Chen, Shijun He, Weihua Sun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25967

A TECHNO-ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF BIODIESEL PRODUCTION FROM MICROALGAE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe preliminary assessment of a cost-effective flow-sheet for the production of biodiesel from microalgae lipid fraction wascarried out. The study was based on approximated cost-estimation methods integrated with the simulation software Aspen Plus.Several scenarios were investigated to compare costs regarding the main steps of the biodiesel production process. Ranges ofinput variables from downstream literature and experimental data were used to simulate the sections that define concret...
Autori: Antonio Marzocchella, Giuseppe Olivieri, Piero Salatino, Teresa Guida
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25973

COMPARISON OF COMBINED ETHANOL AND BIOGAS POLYGENERATION FACILITIES USING EXERGY ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractIn this paper, the background of bioethanol as an alternative fuel to conventional one is analyzed with the aim of examining theefficiency of biomass-to-fuel conversion by poly-generation taking into account the energy integration approach for a completerecovery of the process exergy potential.Based on literature data it is underlined that exergy analysis represents a primary tool to analyze the ethanol production processfrom an integrated point of view....
Autori: Anton Friedl, Maria Gavrilescu, Petronela Cozma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25974

ASPECTS ON POLYMER-SOLVENT EQUILIBRIUM AND DIFFUSION IN POLYMERIC MEMBRANES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe transport of gases and solvents in polymeric membranes is an important phenomenon with many technical applications, suchas the mixture separation using polymeric membranes, the polymeric membrane preparation, the polymer devolatilization and theselection of appropriate polymeric membranes for a certain process. In most membrane separation operations and manufacturing,equilibrium and diffusion data are required.Useful information on equilibrium and diffusion can be obtained from the s...
Autori: Ciprian Constantin Negoescu, Eugenia Teodora Iacob Tudose, Ioan Mămăligă, Nicoleta Bunduc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25975

SIMULATION OF PROCESSES IN PAPERMAKING BY WinGEMS SOFTWARE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe WINGEMS software is a useful tool in analyzing, mathematical modeling and synthesis of chemical processes. Thissoftware can be applied to simulate various stages of the papermaking process. An example of simulation and modeling ofprocess is presented for paper stock preparation line for papermaking. On the basis of data obtained during process analysis, it ispossible to elaborate a strategy for control and monitoring of technological parameters and, while the efficiency of the proces...
Autori: Corina Măluțan, Theodor Măluţan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25981

INSTRUMENTS FOR INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: WATER QUALITY MODELING FOR SUSTAINABLE WASTEWATER MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThis study presents the development and use of a hydraulic-coupled water quality model for the simulation of BiochemicalOxygen Demand (BOD) concentrations in the Bahlui River, a small river located in northeastern Romania. This river experiencesthe typical pollution problems for many Romanian water bodies: heavy pollution from both diffuse and point sources, lowconnectivity to wastewater systems in rural areas and moderate removal of pollutants in municipal wastewater treatment plants.Th...
Autori: , Claudia Cojocariu, Denie C.M. Augustijn, George Brjoveanu, Ioan Crăciun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25985

MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT AND TREATMENT OF EFFLUENTS RESULTING FROM THEIR LANDFILLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractEU policy on waste management stresses the importance of an integrated approach to waste management, which includesconstruction of waste disposal facilities with prevention of waste generation and recycling, in line with management hierarchy:prevention of waste and its negative impacts; recovery of waste through recycling, reuse, safe final disposal of waste where thereis no possibility of recovery.This paper address the issue of municipal waste management and the impacts generated into ...
Autori: Ana-Maria Şchiopu, Cristina Ghinea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25987

DEVELOPMENT OF AN EXPERT SYSTEM FOR SURFACE WATER QUALITY MONITORING IN THE CONTEXT OF SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF WATER RESOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 8
AbstractThe paper presents and discusses some aspects concerning the development of an expert system designed for surface watermonitoring in the context of sustainable management of water resources in Romania and neighboring countries. Technicalconsiderations, which are worthy to be included in the analysis of such kind of systems, are addressed: the system structure(number, type and location of hydrometric stations), number and type of measured indicators, transducers and sensors used formeasur...
Autori: Anatolie Iavorschi, B. S. Nanda Kumar, Victor Sontea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25988

EDITORIAL - A SPECIAL ISSUE DEDICATED TO - ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY AND ENGINEERING IN MEDICINE AND BIOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
This special issue of EnvironmentalEngineering and Management Journal is dedicated tointerdisciplinary research and discusses multipleresults addressing environmental issues inElectromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) andEngineering in Medicine and Biology (EMB) areas.Some of the most significant researchdirections considered in this issue entail theelectromagnetic pollution together with a survey ofelectromagnetic environment in order to analyze andquantify the biological and health effects ofelectro...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25990

STUDIES OF INDUCTANCE VARIATION FOR SQUARE SPIRAL INDUCTORS USING CIBSOC SOFTWARE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractThis paper presents the most recent developments regarding the square spiral inductors inductance evaluation. The study wasperformed in order to develop, implement and validate powerful software, CIBSOC able to determine the inductances of spiralinductors and also to optimize the spiral inductors layouts.We have studied the inductance variation of square spiral inductors. The four modules of the CIBSOC software were described,applied for the computation of inductance and the optimization...
Autori: Adina Racasan, Calin Munteanu, Claudia Hebedean, Claudia Pacurar, Vasile Topa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=25997

REPRESENTATION OF 3D ATMOSPHERIC DATA USING A MULTI-STAGE VISUALIZATION PIPELINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractThe representation of relevant information from data generated through atmospheric imaging is of substantial importance toenvironmental sciences, meteorology, as well as in weather hazard predictive models for disaster prevention. As the techniquesfor the acquisition of such data have progressed and grown in complexity, so have the visualization algorithms required to processthe related data and to produce images or animations of the underlying information. To this extent, we present a g...
Autori: Marius Gavrilescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26001

REAL TIME ELECTROCARDIOGRAM SIGNAL PROCESSING FOR R PEAK DETECTION USING WIGNER AND WAVELET FUNCTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractElectrocardiogram (ECG) signal processing systems must consider various levels of noise/artifacts and develop the techniquesto deal with wide range of noise situations. The authors develop a method based two functions (Wigner and Wavelet),highlighting the importance of selecting one of these functions for signal processing in real-time or off-line case. Making use ofvirtual instrumentation, it was showed that Wigner function can be appropriate for real time monitoring and for mobile devi...
Autori: Marius Branzila, Valeriu David
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26003

WIRELESS MONITORING SYSTEM FOR PATIENTS HAVING CARDIAC PACEMAKERS WITH ATRIAL FIBRILLATION DETECTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractThis paper describes an integrated system of wireless temporary pacemakers for remote monitoring of patients suffering fromcardiac arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation. The system is built around a low power cardiac pacemaker with wireless datatransmission capability, used for patient monitoring into a limited area. The proposed system is designed to be used in emergencysituations, in healthcare institutes, helping to keep the patients heartbeat stable. Each wireless pacemaker at...
Autori: Cristian Rotariu, Hariton Costin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26004

METHOD FOR UNOBTRUSIVE MEASUREMENT OF INDOOR AIR EFFECTS ON THE CARDIO-RESPIRATORY FUNCTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractIn this paper we describe a wireless system, including smart sensing nodes for indoor air quality and unobtrusive cardiorespiratorymonitoring. The sensing nodes include a set of solid state gas sensors, sensors for temperature and relative humidity, amicrowave Doppler radar sensor for cardio-respiratory function, and appropriate conditioning circuits expressed by active filtersand amplifiers. The analog signals provided by the signal conditioning circuits is applied to a data acquisition...
Autori: Gabriela Postolache, Octavian Postolache, Pedro Silva Giro
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26007

IDENTIFICATION OF PSYCHOLOGICAL STRESS BY ANALYZING ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC SIGNAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractIt is already demonstrated that mental or psychological stress can affect human health, since it is a major risk factors for numerouscurrent diseases such as: high blood pressure, congestive heart failure, coronary diseases, stroke, causing often sudden death.These diseases are particularly dangerous in the case of car drivers, since they have to make accurate and fast decisions evenunder stress condition. Frequently, the stress can be detected by different methods with various degrees o...
Autori: Alexandru Păsărică, Cristian Rotariu, Hariton Costin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26008

A CLEAR SKY IRRADIATION ASSESSMENT USING THE ESRA MODEL AND SRTM DATABASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
AbstractThis paper describes a model and an algorithm used to develop a solar radiation database for Romanian territory. In order toobtain this database, two main steps were performed. In the first part, a clear sky solar radiation model was presented, inaccordance with the latest models published in European Solar Radiation Atlas. After this, a digital elevation model has beendeveloped, based on the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission database, which, together with the previously mentioned model,a...
Autori: Ciprian Nemes, Marcel Istrate
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26010

Environmental Engineering and Management Journal - Vol 12, No 6
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 6
STUDIES ON HEAT RECOVERY FROM CELLULOSIC TEXTILES FINISHING WASTEWATER    ASSESSMENT OF SYNERGIC REGULATORY ACTIONS OF SPRUCE BARK EXTRACT AND DEUTERIUM DEPLETED WATER ON MAIZE (Zea mays L.) CROPS    LUNG CANCER RISK INDUCED BY RESIDENTIAL RADON IN CLUJ AND ALBA COUNTIES, ROMANIA    A CLEAR SKY IRRADIATION ASSESSMENT USING THE ESRA MODEL AND SRTM DATABASE    ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH DYSPHONIA IN PROFESSIONAL VOICE USERS    ...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26014

ON THE INFLUENCE OF BED FORMS ON FLOOD LEVELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractFlood inundation modelling and flood risk mapping are primary cornerstones of flood risk assessment and management.Modelling activities generally assume that the morphology of the conveyance does not change, which certainly is not true foralluvial rivers. River bed elevations can quickly change during flood events. Flood water can induce different bed-forms (ripples,dunes, plain bed, etc.), which affects the flow resistance and as a result the flood water level. As a result integrating t...
Autori: Biswa Bhattacharya, Ioana Popescu, MdShamim Shams
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26016

ANALYTICS FOR SUPPORTING URBAN WATER MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractWater distribution networks are complex systems that require innovative technological solutions enabling an integrated andrational water resource management. This paper presents the application of data analytics approaches on flow and pressure data,continuously measured at crucial points of the network, for improving efficiency of leak localization. The general goal is toreduce time and costs for physical check and consequent rehabilitation activities.Although the general benefits provid...
Autori: Antonio Candelieri, Enza Messina, Francesco Archetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26018

COMPOSITE MATERIAL BASED ON SILVER-DOPED ZEOLITE AND MULTI-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES FOR HUMIC ACID REMOVAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractIn this paper the synthesis, characterization and testing of composite material based on multi-wall carbon nanotubes and silverdopednatural zeolite (MWCNT-ZAg) has been investigated for humic acid (HA) adsorption. The surface characterization of thecomposite material has been investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM/ EDX) analysis.The Langmuir and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) models fitted the best experimental data informing that adsorption process ofH...
Autori: Aniela Pop, Corina Orha, Florica Manea, Virgil Tiponut
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26023

BENTONITE SYNTHETIC WATER BEHAVIOR DURING COAGULATION-FLOCCULATION PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe aim of this work is to characterize the flocculation process of a bentonite synthetic suspension with characteristics close toBega River from Timisoara, Romania. The time stability of the synthetic suspension was firstly investigated. After a few days ofcontinuous mixing a stable suspension was reached, stability being confirmed by monitoring the main physicochemicalparameters (pH, temperature, turbidity, dissolved organic carbon and initial particle size). In order to determine the ...
Autori: Alain Lin, Cosmina-Mariana Militaru, Ligia Barna, Teodor Todinca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26027

SYNTHESIS OF NANOCRYSTALLINE ZnFe2O4 AND ITS USE FOR THE REMOVAL OF CONGO RED FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe paper describes the synthesis of nanocrystalline zinc ferrite starting from 1,4-butanediol and a mixture of zinc and ironnitrates. During the heating of the obtained solution, a redox reaction takes place with emission of brown nitrogen oxides andformation of a solid powder. This powder was characterized by thermal analysis and FT-IR spectrometry, techniques thatconfirmed the formation of a mixture of zinc and iron carboxylates. This mixture was further used as precursor for zinc fer...
Autori: Cornelia Muntean, Marcela Stoia, Paul Barvinschi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26029

CFD MODELING AND SIMULATION OF A SURFACE WATER TREATMENT PILOT PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe hydrodynamics of two equipments from a surface water treatment pilot plant has been investigated through residence timedistribution (RTD) experiments using brine solution as tracer. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) procedure, which isincreasingly utilized to study a wide variety of complex environmental fluid mechanics processes, was used to predict the flowpatterns and other properties of flowing fluids (e.g. velocity, concentration of species etc.). In this work, ANSYS Fluent 14....
Autori: Adina Pacala, Alain Lin, Alexandru-Dan Filep, Cosmina-Mariana Militaru, Teodor Todinca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26030

KINETIC, EQUILIBRIUM AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES OF CESIUM REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING AMBERJET UP1400 AND AMBERLITE IR120 RESINS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThe performance of two cation exchanger resins, Amberjet UP1400 and Amberlite IR120 in the process of Cs(I) ions removalfrom aqueous solutions was examined. Batch experiments were carried out to determine the influence of several parameters(resin dosage, contact time, temperature and initial concentration of Cs(I) ions) on the removal process. The equilibrium wasreached after 60 min for Amberlite IR120 and after 120 min for Amberjet UP1400, with an overall adsorption performance of~97% f...
Autori: Adina Negrea, Cornelia Muntean, Corneliu Mircea Davidescu, , Mihaela Ciopec, Petru Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26032

CHALLENGES FOR 2D WATER QUALITY MODELLING OF LAKE TAIHU IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractLake Taihu is a shallow, wind-driven lake where eutrophication is always a serious problem. The study presented hereininvestigates the effect of wind on the eutophication of the lake, by using a two-dimensional (2D) hydrodynamic model coupledwith a 2D water quality model. The 2D water quality model looks in particular at the water quality situation of Lake Taihu in theyear 2008 and predicts future changes in the algae bloom situation. The Delft3D modelling tool was used to build thehydro...
Autori: Arthur Mynett, Chao Yue, Ioana Popescu, Leo Postma, Quan Pan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26037

RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY APPLIED FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF REACTIVE BLACK 5 DISCOLORATION IN A FENTON-LIKE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThere are many treatment methods used to remove color from textile wastewater, and Fenton oxidation, a well known AdvancedOxidation Process is one of the most efficient. Apart of Fe(II), other metal ions have been used as catalysts in Fentons Reagent,and Cu(II) proved to be a good alternative.In this study the effect of the concentration of dye, catalyst and hydrogen peroxide were studied and optimized for thediscoloration process of Reactive Black 5 using a Fenton-like process, H2O2/Cu...
Autori: Andrei-Petru Bertea, Armand-Florin Bertea, Romen Butnaru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26042

WEB-BASED FLOOD INFORMATION SYSTEM: CASE STUDY OF SOMESUL MARE, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 5
AbstractThis paper presents research into conceptualisation, design and implementation of an innovative web-based virtual environmentfor flood information sharing and dissemination. A system intended to be used by flood management authorities and potentiallyaffectedcitizens is demonstrated. Latest technological advances for collection, archiving and sharing of environmental data usingweb-based Spatial Data Infrastructure (SDI) are used for system implementation. Flood-related data and models are...
Autori: Adrian Almoradie, Andreja Jonoski, Dimitri Solomatine, Florin Stoica, Ioana Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26045

GEODETIC NETWORKS DEVELOPMENT IN IASI CITY AND COORDINATES TRANSFORMATION IN LOCAL GEODETIC DATUM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractDefinitive transition to GNSS technology of achieving geodetic networks for cadastre implementation in cities and municipalities,enforce establishing a unique way of linking between current measurements and existing geodetic data, with a sufficient accuracyproper to urban cadastre standards. In this paper the parameters calculation is presented, for coordinates transformation of thespatial geodetic network points in local datum, starting from different determination methods of network po...
Autori: Constantin Chirilă, Raluca Maria Mihalache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26051

MODELING THE IMPACTS OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON WATER QUALITY OF JIJIA RIVER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractQuality of water bodies is influenced by their ability to self-clean and disperse the existing substances in water originating fromnatural or anthropogenic sources. Creating mathematical models, using design software and simulation, in terms of surface waterquality monitoring, are standard design and interpretation of studies necessary for rational management of water resources. Andwe must respect the concept of "sustainable development. In this paper we highlight this by modeling data ...
Autori: Florentin Nacu, Ion Giurma, Valentin Boboc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26056

CROSS-SPECTRUM ANALYSIS APPLIED TO AIR POLLUTION TIME SERIES FROM SEVERAL URBAN AREAS OF ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe paper presents the application of cross-spectrum analysis (CSA) to air pollution and meteorological time series collected fromseven air quality monitoring stations located in three urban agglomerations of Romania, affected by industrial and trafficpollution: Braşov, Ploieşti and Trgovişte. Data have been collected from November 2011 till March 2012, at one hour samplingrate. The purpose of the analysis was to reveal the correlations between two series at different fre...
Autori: Ştefania Iordache, Daniel Dunea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26057

REDUCING ENERGY CONSUMPTION BY UPGRADING PUMPING STATIONS IN WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractAdjusting the operating parameters of pumping stations equipped with fixed speed pumps is achieved by manipulating the valvesfrom the pumps discharge. In order to meet the requirements of the distribution networks, the pumps are being strangled atstartup and they remain so throughout the entire period of operation. This paper presents a method developed to estimate theenergy costs in a pumping station operation, based on an analysis using the data recorded in the register of the station...
Autori: Liviu Valer Hasegan, Sorin Perju
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26063

DETERMINATION OF ANNUAL AVERAGE TURBIDITY IN A RIVER SECTION USING EMPIRIC RELATIONSHIPS BASED ON GIS TECHNIQUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe design of hydrotechnical constructions requires knowing certain hydrological quantities necessary for their dimensioning.The annual average turbidity is one of these quantities. The issue is that, in some river sections direct observations andmeasurements do not exist regarding this hydrological quantity, so that different empirical relationships developed by variousauthors based on long observations and measurements are applied, such as that developed by Poliakov. Turbidity depends ...
Autori: Ilinca Dinu, , Tomi-Alexăndrel Hrăniciuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26066

MAPPING NITRATE LEVELS IN GROUNDWATER USING GIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThis paper is an analysis of a case study which entails the assessment of pollution degree with nitrate in the Prut river basin, byanalysing 23 wells. The novelty of this work is the use of modeling done by GIS techniques, namely the Digital Terrain Model(DTM) interpolation technique, to obtain further information starting from discrete information.In the present paper, we emphasized the increasing tendency of nitrates and nitrites content in the underground waters, in directcorrelation ...
Autori: Florian Statescu, Gabriela Biali, Lucian Vasile Pavel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26073

APPLICATION OF GIS TECHNIQUE IN LAND EVALUATION FOR AGRICULTURAL USES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 4
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to analyze the opportunity of GIS technique implementation for the research of agricultural landsquality. Taking into account that the factors which determine the quality of agricultural lands have a spatial distribution, weconsidered that the complex activities (especially on large surfaces) can be better done within the framework of an informationsystem. Compared to other methods applied for assessing the productive potential of agricultural lands, the GIS ...
Autori: Florian Statescu, Gabriela Biali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26075

ISOTHERM AND KINETIC STUDIES OF RESIDUAL OIL ADSORPTION FROM PALM OIL MILL EFFLUENT (POME) USING BOILER FLY ASH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe removal of residual oil from palm oil mill effluent (POME) using boiler fly ash was studied in this paper, with focus on theadsorption isotherms and kinetic studies by measuring the residual oil concentration using UV-spectrophotometer. The percentresidual oil adsorbed decreased from 80% to 5% as contact time was increased from 10 mins to 120 mins but increased from2.74% to 72.98% as initial concentration of residual oil increased from 0.04812 mg/L to 0.2406 mg/L. Pseudo-second order...
Autori: Jude C. Igwe, Stella N. Anioke, Uche Arukwe
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26078

DEVELOPMENT OF A TOOL FOR INDUSTRIAL ATMOSPHERIC EMISSION MANAGEMENT IN THE APULIA REGION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractAtmospheric emission inventories are useful tools to support informed decision making in air quality management. In theframework of Apulia Region emission inventory, a tool for the industrial atmospheric emission management called TerritorialEmissions Cadastre (CET) was developed. CET is a Web-based system able to store all data related to the industrial plants and toperform spatial queries; its components are used for synchronizing, exporting and querying the underlined database. CET al...
Autori: Eleonora Andriani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26079

STATISTICAL SPATIAL MODELS OF SOIL PARAMETERS. AN APPROACH USING DIFFERENT METHODS AT DIFFERENT SCALES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe Romanian Soil Survey System does not imply, up to the present date, the use of digital methods in representing fieldcampaign results or for mapping soil parameters. The presented study tests several geostatistical methods to model some soilparameters (soil pH and topsoil humus content), mainly in order to observe the differences induced by the scale of the approachand to test existing data. In this respect, three differently dimensioned analysis scales were chosen, all parts of the s...
Autori: Ionuţ Vasiliniuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26083

KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM ADSORPTION STUDY OF LEAD (II) ONTO LOW COST CLAYS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe performance of four low cost Iraqi clays, bentonite (BT), kaolinite (KT), attapalgite (AT) and flint (FT) to remove lead ionsfrom aqueous solutions by adsorption was investigated. Batch experiments were carried out at pre determined equilibration time,adsorbent dosage, solution pH, particle sizes, ionic strength, initial lead ions concentration and temperature. Adsorption of Pb2+ions was strongly affected by pH and best adsorption is achieved at pH 4.5. The systems were investigated ...
Autori: Najwa I. Abdulla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26086

SPEED DISTRIBUTION INFLUENCE IN ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE PREDICTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractIn road traffic noise issues, experimental measurements are a relevant element in order to understand the problem and to adjustmodels. Sometimes, when measurements are not possible or in the designing phase, prediction models are used to perform anestimation of the equivalent level produced by a road infrastructure. Usually models parameters are obtained by a statistical datafit and thus they are related to the area where measurements have been performed. These models are suitable for st...
Autori: Gerardo Iannone
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26087

EXPERIMENTAL STUDY AND NUMERICAL MODELLING OF THE WATER/OZONE CONTACT SYSTEM IN BUBBLE COLUMNS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThe ozone oxidation and disinfection stages constitute important technological phases in the modern systems of water treatment,both as unitary stages as integrated ones into systems that use advanced oxidation processes (AOP). More than half of thewater/ozone contact systems used nowadays in the water treatment plants are based on systems of contact in the bubble column.This work here aims at experimentally analysing, in terms of scale, a water-ozone contact system in the bubble column a...
Autori: Sorin Claudiu Ulinici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26088

DRIVING FORCES OF WEEE MANAGEMENT: A PEST ANALYSIS OF ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractWaste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE, e-waste) represent the category of municipal waste with the fastest growthrate of the quantities generated particularly in developed countries. In Romania the WEEE management concerns have emergedrecently and the amount of information and data available is limited and sometimes irrelevant. In this case, studying the forcesthat influence WEEE management system directly or indirectly is useful for both the national and international stakehol...
Autori: Nadia Ciocoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26092

LST CALCULATOR: A PROGRAM FOR RETRIEVING LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE FROM LANDSAT TM/ETM+ IMAGERY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractIn this study, a computer program, the Land Surface Temperature Calculator (LST Calculator) was developed in Visual Basic.NET (2008) which employs the Radiative Transfer Equation (RTE) method. The LST Calculator is a valuable tool to studythermal environments using the thermal band of Landsat TM/ETM+ data and make the land surface temperature retrieval muchsimpler and faster. LST can be retrieved with this tool by inputting required parameters in the program. Thus, this program willbe he...
Autori: Hakan Oguz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26093

TOWARD A BLACK SEA COMMUNITY TAKING THE ADVANTAGES OF HYDROGEN ECONOMY-ENERGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 3
AbstractThere are a quite large number of studies published in the last decade, dealing with the possible pass of the human society to thehydrogen-based energy. The efforts made by researchers all around the world, in order to bring technical solutions, seemremarkable, but at global level only minor progresses were made toward this major change. Furthermore, most of studiespredicted a fuel crisis, but not a possible economical crisis with significant effects on the developing renewable energytec...
Autori: Ştefan Stanciugelu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26099

ASSESSING THE ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY OF THE VENICE LAGOON WATERS USING THE E-QUALITY SOFTWARE TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract According to the Water Frameword Directive the classification of water bodies environmental quality and the achievement of good status by 2015 are requested for all the European aquatic environment, including transitional waters such as coastal lagoons. Although progresses have been done and many results have been achieved, several aspects of the WFD implementation can be further improved and current limitations are more evident for some categories of water bodies such a...
Autori: Andrea Critto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26103

DESCRIPTION OF AEROSOL PROPERTIES OVER CLUJ-NAPOCA DERIVED FROM AERONET SUN-PHOTOMETRIC DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This paper presents some optical and microphysical properties of aerosols measured over the Cluj-Napoca city, at the Faculty of Environmental Science and Engineering, Babeş-Bolyai University. This site is part of the Romanian Atmospheric 3D Research Observatory (RADO) and the Aerosol Robotic Network (NASA-AERONET) and is equipped with the only sun and sky tracking radiometer (Cimel CE 318A sun-photometer) in Transylvania. By analyzing Direct Sun measurements like Aero...
Autori: Nicolae Ajtai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26105

STUDY OF TROPOSPHERIC AEROSOL TYPES OVER IASI, ROMANIA, DURING SUMMER OF 2012
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract This research has been performed during summer time at Iasi Atmosphere Optics, Spectroscopy and Lasers Laboratory site (LOA-SL), aerosol monitoring station (47.19N, 27.55E). In order to properly identify and characterize the aerosol types, Aerosol Robotic Network (AERONET) data and sun-photometer measurements were analysed using parameters such as: optical thickness, spectral dependence of ngstrm exponent (α), spectral dependence of Single Scattering Albedo and the ...
Autori: Florin Unga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26116

AQUATIC PHYTOTOXICITY OF HEAVY METALS: Cu, Cd AND Zn ECOTOXICOLOGICAL TESTS WITH DUCKWEED PLANTS (Lemna minor)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Heavy metals are common contaminants of freshwaters and they can produce toxic effects on aquatic fauna and flora. The ions of heavy metals existing in freshwaters are well known as toxicants for the aquatic organisms. Duckweed is an aquatic plant of small size that floats on fresh water surface of lakes and marshes. The small plants are highly exposed to aquatic pollutants and as a result they are very sensitive to the toxic effects. As consequence the duckweed plants are...
Autori: Vasile Oros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26122

MONITORING THE QUALITY OF THE SLUDGE RESULTED FROM DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF RISK FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract Monitoring the quantity of the sludge resulted from domestic wastewater treatment is a current concern in Romania due to the necessity to reduce any risk. This paper discusses the results of monitoring and examination of sludge deposited temporarily in a domestic wastewater treatment plant (5000 people equivalent) from qualitative point of view, following the analysis of the physical-chemical parameters: pH, total solids, specific resistance to filtration, humidity and den...
Autori: Casen Panaitescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26123

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF THERMAL DESORPTION USING LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract The article presents the development of a mathematical model concerning thermal desorption in a tubular electric furnace, using the linear regression analysis principle. With a range of experimental data obtained from some laboratory tests on water evaporation plus pollutant (Hexaclorocyclohexane - HCH), evaporation resulting from the application of thermal desorption on some soil samples; a mathematical model was developed to calculate the mass of substance evaporated fro...
Autori: Calin Vasile Prodan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26125

ANALYSIS OF AIR QUALITY IN TWO SITES WITH DIFFERENT LOCAL CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 2
Abstract The aim of this paper is to analyze how local and atmospheric conditions influence pollutants distribution. Two different sites in Romania were chosen for measurement campaigns: Surlari (44 34', 26 19') located into a forest and near a lake, and a suburban area, Magurele (44 21', 26 2'), where the anthropogenic activities dominate. The same equipments for measurements of surface ozone, CO, NO2, NO and PM10 were used at the two sites. The measurements were performed in...
Autori: Sabina Ştefan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26126

FUZZY-BASED CLUSTERING OF EPICENTERS AND STRONG EARTHQUAKE-PRONE AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract An original Discrete Perfect Sets (DPS) algorithm was developed and applied to clustering of earthquake epicenters with M≥3.0 in California. The obtained clusters correspond well with the locations of the epicenters of strong earthquakes with M≥6.5. This fact allows considering them as earthquake-prone areas for the magnitude M≥6.5. We compared the obtained clusters with the areas recognized in 1976 using Earthquake-Prone Areas (EPA) method. The compariso...
Autori: Alexei Gvishiani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26132

IMPROVING MANAGEMENT OF RISKS AND NATURAL DISASTERS BY REGIONAL GIS DISTRIBUTED APPLICATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The aim of this paper is to provide a framework for the improvement of the processes involving risks evaluation and management evaluation in Central East Moldavian Region, considering the occurrence of natural disasters, such as floods, earthquakes, forest fires and landslides. Consequently, a GIS application has been developed in order to graphically reflect and analyze these risks. The studies on the targeted region would be a starting point to further extensions to othe...
Autori: Iulian Furdu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26133

BEHAVIOUR OF SOLID PARTICLES ON A FLAT OSCILLATING SURFACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract In many industrial applications most of the solid particles are separated by size and for this purpose there are used the oscillating sieves. The separation process based on sieves is a complex one and it depends on several factors, such as the properties of solid particles submitted to the separation process and on the operating regimes of the separating equipment. We have studied the separation process of the behaviour of solid particles on a flat oscillating surface...
Autori: Ovidiu Bontas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26134

IMPROVING FOOD SECURITY USING GIS DATABASE FOR MECHANIZED RICE FARMS MANAGEMENT IN NORTHWESTERN COTE DIVOIRE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Agriculture is an axis of socio-economic development of the area of Denguele, Cote dIvoire. The evaluation of a project carried out as part of an agricultural campaign requires the handling of large amounts of heterogeneous data for effective monitoring. The design of an appropriate management tool is needed to organize and communicate information useful for decision making. The aim of this work is to provide a useful tool for a better management of information related to...
Autori: Arthur Brice Konan-Waidhet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26137

ESSENTIAL TOOLS TO MITIGATE VRANCEA STRONG EARTHQUAKES EFFECTS ON MOLDAVIAN URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract In a world of uncertainty, the only constant is change and rapid change produces a multitude of diverse facts. Risk is an integral part of life. While no country in the world is entirely safe, the lack of capacity to limit the impact of hazards remains a major burden for all countries and while the world has witnessed an exponential increase in human and material losses due to natural disasters, there is a need to reverse trends in vulnerability to earthquakes. Available d...
Autori: Gheorghe Mărmureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26140

NEW EXPERIMENTAL PARAMETERS FOR MONITORING ENERGY SPECTRA OF GAMMA-RAY RADIATIONS IN THE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Large amount of radioactive sources generate gamma rays of various energies and intensities. Gamma-ray spectroscopy is applied for the quantitative study of the energy spectra of gamma-ray sources. In the present paper, a statistical analysis of the energy spectra of gamma-ray spectroscopy monitored during 4 years at the Dosimetry and Radioprotection Laboratory from Vasile Alecsandri University of Bacău is provided. Several new mathematical parameters were calcula...
Autori: Marius Stamate
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26144

DEMINERALIZATION OF WATER WITH MIXED-LAYER ION-EXCHANGERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract This paper develops a procedure whereby breakthrough curves obtained experimentally for ion exchange process in fixed bed ion mixed exchangers during water demineralization, can be used to characterize quantitatively and optimize the ion exchange process. In this regard, based on breakthrough curves there were developed statistical models that correlate three important factors which influence the process (superficial fluid velocity through the layer, changing layer height,...
Autori: Iuliana Rogoveanu Radosavlevici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26147

ANALYSIS AND MODELLING OF THE SOLUBILITY OF BIOGAS COMPONENTS IN WATER FOR PHYSICAL ABSORPTION PROCESSES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract Biogas can be used as a renewable and green energy source by upgrading to natural gas. Water scrubbing, which is one of the most widely-applied upgrading technologies, involves an accurate knowledge of the solubility of the main biogas components in water, which is essential to the design and optimization of the biogas upgrading process. In this work, we use several thermodynamic models available in the Aspen Plus software modeling environment to calculate the solubilit...
Autori: Petronela Cozma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26148

APPLICATION OF A NEURO-GENETIC TECHNIQUE IN THE OPTIMIZATION OF HEAVY METALS REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATERS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL RISK REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 1
Abstract The reason for carrying out this research is related to the significant risk of heavy metals present in wastewater on the environment and human health. The removal of heavy metal ions from aqueous solutions was performed in a batch system, using peat (from Poiana Stampei, Romania) as adsorbent. The efficiency of the process was predicted with high accuracy (correlation with experimental data more than 0.99) based on a feed-forward neural network with two hidden layers. The...
Autori: Gabriel Dan Suditu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26150

EVALUATION OF URBANIZED ECOLOGICAL ENVIRONMENT QUALITY: A CASE STUDY ON BEIJING CHAOYANG DISTRICT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractThe objective of this study is to evaluate the urbanized ecological environment quality with land use classification system(artificial ecological subsystem, water ecological subsystem and continental ecological subsystem). Three land use type ecosystem combined with characteristics of urban ecological environment conditions (space pattern, environment characteristics, biological characteristics, ecosystem service) established the urban ecological environment quality synthetic evaluation ...
Autori: Zhang Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26160

COORDINATION ANALYSIS ON URBANIZATION LEVEL AND LAND USE EFFICIENCY OF XINJIANG BASED ON ESDA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractThis paper analyzes spatial effect of urbanization level, land use efficiency and their coordinative development degree of Xinjiangfrom 1995 to 2010 based on Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis and coordinative development degree model. It was found that the urbanization level and land use efficiency take on apparent spatial agglomeration. The hot spots concentrate mainly in the north slope of Tianshan Mountain and the corridor along South Xinjiang railway, and the cold spots distribute ma...
Autori: Yuanjing Qi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26167

IMPACTS OF URBAN LANDSCAPE FUNCTIONAL TYPES ON URBAN GREENSPACE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractStudying the relationship between urban typical landscape functional types and vegetation communities will conduct toinformation on management measures, peoples activities etc. Moreover, this could attain an important role for the research ofother ecological phenomena where human activities are involved. According to the data collected from the said plots, the impactof typical landscape functional types of urban core areas on the plant species was analysed. The results show that indigen...
Autori: Yantun Song
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26169

INVESTIGATION OF THE RECOVERY EFFICIENCY OF METHANE USING VERTICAL WELLS OPERATING IN LANDFILLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 9
AbstractMethane production and concentration from six cells were investigated in two landfills in China. Long-term monitoring tests wereconducted to evaluate the methane recovery efficiency of active wells. Results showed that the recovery efficiency of a wellsdistribution simulation method was 75.6% to 83.5%, which was much higher than 50.1% to 53.6% when considering the EPAmethod in the EST (Ecological Sludge Evapotranspiration Technology) cover structure. The recovery efficiency of methane in...
Autori: Qiang Xue
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26174

CAN ECO-INNOVATIVE ORIENTATION BE EXPLAINED? AN ATTEMPT TO UNDERSTAND UNCOVERED PATTERNS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractEco-innovation, understood as innovation clearly focused toward sustainable development, is a key element in the articulation ofboth public policies and actions at the corporate level as it is a determining differentiating aspect. The objective of this work is toanalyze which variables determine that companies go one step further and consider the improvement of the environment as anobjective when developing innovative activities. We analyzed 7682 Spanish companies using data from the Spa...
Autori: ngel Peir-Signes
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26187

ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS OF TOURISTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractThis paper focuses on the relationship between individual factors of environmental attitudes and behavior intentions of touristsvisiting a World Heritage City. We adopt a model based on the Theory of Planned Behavior with three environmental attitudinalfactors (Responsibility, Knowledge and Values) and research data was collected through tourist surveys in Cuenca (Spain).Estimation results show that there is a positive relationship between dimensions of environmental attitudes and behavi...
Autori: Ainhoa Rodrguez-Oromenda
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26188

FORECASTING THE INFLUX OF VISITORS TO STATE PROTECTED WILDERNESS AREAS IN CHILE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractThis study estimates the number of visitors to State Protected Wilderness Areas (SPWAs) in Chile by origin (national andforeign), using annual data from 1986 to 2011. Two linear regression models were used: one to estimate the number of Chileanvisitors and the other for foreign visitors. The model to predict Chilean visitors in 2013-2014 incorporates the GDP per capita inChile, the annual trend in the conditions of international economic crises, while the model to predict the number of f...
Autori: Jaime Prez-Kallens
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26189

CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY IN THE TOURISTIC AREA AND ITS INFLUENCE ON CUSTOMER TRUST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractToday's society experiences a growing interest in social problems. This leads to the need for companies to assess their impact onthe environment, in its social, environmental and economic dimensions. As a result, organizations are incorporating socialpractices that are used as variables of marketing to attract and retain customers. In this context, the purpose of the present study is twofold; namely to analyze the organizational culture change of the hotels directors because of the requi...
Autori: Isabel Mara Rosa Daz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26190

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY MEASURES AND THEIR IMPACTS ON HOTEL ROOM PRICING IN ANDALUSIA (SOUTHERN SPAIN)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractThe purpose of this paper is to analyze the impact on rooms pricing of environmental management practices in the hotels ofAndalusia (Southern Spain). Empirical evidence is obtained using a database that was created as part of the project Quality,Productivity and Competitiveness in the Hospitality Industry for Andalusia (PO7/SEJ-02889). From this database, we use asample statistically representative of hotels in the region and applied a hedonic pricing model. The main reason for using thi...
Autori: Alejandro Garca-Pozo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26192

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL VARIABLES ON FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE: THE CASE OF ELECTRICAL INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractNowadays, companies at the electrical industry have to meet numerous environmental requirements which involve a largeincrement in their costs. However, it is considered that these investments made by organizations may affect positively to theirreputation and therefore to their profits.So the aim of this paper is to analyze the influence that some Environmental variables related to the emission and resourcereductions have on the Financial Performance of the electrical firms through a data...
Autori: Bernab Escobar-Prez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26195

ANALYSIS OF INTEGRATION OF SOLAR COLLECTOR SYSTEMS INTO DISTRICT HEAT SUPPLY NETWORKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.10
AbstractSupply of heat energy is of the high importance in the northern countries of the Europe. EU energy policy and high prices of theheat energy resources takes a challenge to find any alternative resources for generation of heat energy. Therefore in this paper the integration of renewable energy source - solar energy into the existent heat energy supply system is analyzed as the alternative or additional source of heat energy. The case study of the Girionys boiler-house (at Kaunas district, ...
Autori: Jolanta Dvarionienė
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26201

ADSORPTION KINETICS OF REMOVAL OF YELLOW LANASOL DYESTUFF USING GALLINACEOUS FEATHERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractGallinaceous feathers are an abundant solid waste from the poultry processing industries, which poses disposal problems. Akinetic study dealing with the adsorption process of wool reactive dye, Yellow Lanasol 4G (CI Reactive Yellow 39), ongallinaceous (Gallus gallus, Cobb 500) feathers was carried out. The main research goals of this work were to evaluate theviability of using this waste as adsorbent and to study the kinetics of the adsorption process, using a synthetic effluent. Thechar...
Autori: Snia Adriana Figueiredo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26203

ADSORPTION OF LEAD AND COPPER FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING UNMODIFIED WHEAT STRAW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractPotential of unmodified Wheat Straw as an adsorbent for the removal of lead and copper was studied. Effect of pH, adsorbentdose, contact time and initial metal concentration on the removal of the metal ions were also investigated. Maximum removal oflead was found to be 43.55% by wheat straw under optimum conditions (pH=5, adsorbent dose=16g/L, contact time= 240minutes, metal concentration=100 mg/L). Unmodified Wheat straw removed 0.381 mg/g of lead. While 56.36% copper removalwas achieve...
Autori: Mehwish Anis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26209

REMOVAL OF ACID BLACK DYE BY PUMICE STONE AS A LOW COST ADSORBENT: KINETIC, THERMODYNAMIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThe removal of Acid Black 1 dye was investigated by acid treated pumice stone as a low cost adsorbent, since acidicmodifications were expected to improve the sorption capacity. The main components of the considered adsorbent were SiO2 andAl2O3 and acid treated pumice shows irregular structure. The effect of various parameters such as the initial dye concentration,the contact time, the temperature and the pH were studied. An increase of the contact time, the initial dye concentration or a...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26211

FAST AND ECONOMICALLY VIABLE REMOVAL OF A CATIONIC DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS: KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM MODELLING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractAdsorption of a cationic dye, methylene blue, from aqueous solutions by using sawdust (without any modification) by batchadsorbers was investigated. The surface characterization of the saw dust was carried out by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) andscanning electron microscopy (SEM) and pHzpc of the surface was also determined. Effects of different parameters such ascontact time and initial concentration, temperature and pH on the process of removal were studied. The process of removal ...
Autori: Sushmita Banerjee
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26216

AN EVALUATION OF MODIS/AQUA BIO-OPTICAL ALGORITHMS IN ARCTIC WATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractDespite the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS/Aqua) presently collects data on operational basis, evaluationof its biogeochemical products from standard bio-optical algorithms is scare especially in Arctic waters. The present study isaimed to evaluate several MODIS/Aqua bio-optical algorithms and MODIS/Aqua remote sensing reflectance (Rrs) products inKongsfjorden waters on the western side of Svalbard, Arctic. Data sets consisting of in-situ measurements of radiometric quan...
Autori: Palanisamy Shanmugam
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26220

STUDY ON THE RELATIONSHIP OF VISIBILITY AND AEROSOL CHARACTERISTICS IN TAIPEI
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractIn an urban environment, visibility strongly reflects human safety and welfare. Generally, visibility is dependent on particlescattering and absorption. The former is influenced by light wavelength, atmospheric gaseous species and particle characteristics,especially number and size distribution. Therefore, it is necessary to establish the relationship between visibility and particlecharacteristics. Furthermore, it is important to understand the formation mechanism of secondary aerosols. ...
Autori: Chih-Ming Ma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26221

GREEN TECHNOLOGY FOR 6-AMINOPENICILLANIC ACID PRODUCTION - STUDY OF PENICILLIN G HYDROLYSIS IN A BIOREACTOR WITH MOBILE BED OF IMMOBILIZED PENICILLIN AMIDASE UNDER SUBSTRATE INHIBITION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr. 11
AbstractThe efficiency of enzymatic hydrolysis of Penicillin G to 6-Aminopenicillanic acid under substrate inhibition has been analyzedfor a bioreactor with mobile bed of immobilized penicillin amidase. The results indicated that the optimum values of temperatureand pH remained the same as for homogeneous hydrolysis using free enzyme. The inhibitory effect induced at higher PenicillinG amount in liquid phase was attenuated by increasing the size of the biocatalyst particles. For this reason, at ...
Autori: Ramona Mihaela Matran
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26224

WATER QUALITY IN THE GHESHLAGH RESERVOIR (IRAN) AND DOWNSTREAM THE DAM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn 1979, the Gheshlagh river continuum was affected by the construction of Gheshlagh dam. More than three decades afterpresence and operation of this dam, there is a necessity to evaluate water quality in Gheshlagh reservoir. Therefore, water quality data was determined monthly from October 2008 to September 2009, to evaluate the impact of Gheshlagh dam presence and operation on the reservoirs water quality. Eight parameters were analyzed (dissolved oxygen, biological oxygen demand,chem...
Autori: Fariba Rezaei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26225

MODELING OF PERMEABLE PAVEMENTS FOR TREATMENT OF URBAN RUNOFF USING SELF-ORGANIZING MAPS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractKohonen Self-organizing map (KSOM) modeling have been applied increasingly for analysis, estimation and prediction ofseveral water quality processes, which are embedded with high complexity, dynamism and non-linearity. KSOM or unsupervisedneural networks were applied to microbial data (Escherichia coli, faecal streptococci, and total coliforms) from the effluent of atwo year data set (2008-2010) on two permeable (pervious) pavement systems used to treat storm water runoff contaminated wi...
Autori: Kiran Tota-Maharaj
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26226

AN EVALUATION OF WILDLIFE-VEHICLE COLLISION PATTERN AND ASSOCIATED MITIGATION STRATEGIES IN LITHUANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractWildlife-vehicle collisions are only a human safety problem, but road mortality can significantly impact some wildlifepopulations. Metal wire mesh fences are one of in most popular preventative means to reduce number of wildlife-vehicleaccidents in Lithuania. The fencing of this highway started in 2006 and continued in 2008 and 2009. The aim of this presentationis to give the investigation results on the impact of wildlife-vehicle accident prevention installations, e.g. underpasses and f...
Autori: Vytautas Okinis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26230

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION AND CFD SIMULATION OF THE HYDRODYNAMIC AND MASS TRANSFER CHARACTERISTICS IN A SPLIT-CYLINDER AIRLIFT REACTOR CONTAINING PETROLEUM-WATER MICRO-EMULSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn this article, hydrodynamic parameters and overall Oxygen mass transfer coefficient of petroleum based micro-emulsions in anairlift reactor were investigated. Four different petroleum-in-water micro-emulsion systems containing kerosene, heavy naphtha,light naphtha and diesel as oil based were used with concentrations of 3% and 7 % (v/v). The experimental data were supportedby simulation results obtained from the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) method. The CFD was properly able to si...
Autori: Mostafa Keshavarz Moraveji
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26234

OPTIMIZATION OF PHOSPHATE REMOVAL FROM SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER BY BACTERIAL CONSORTIUM USING BOX-BEHNKEN DESIGN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractIn this work, a four factor three-level BoxBehnken factorial design based on response surface methodology (RSM) wasemployed to optimize the removal of phosphate from synthetic wastewater (mineral salts medium-MSM) by the bacterialconsortium (Bacillus sp. RS-1, Pseudomonas sp. YLW-7, Enterobacter sp. KLW-2). A mathematical model was then developedto show the effect of each medium composition and their interactions on phosphate removal. The effect of the lactoseconcentration (X1), pH (X2)...
Autori: Krishnaswamy Usharani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26235

ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK FOR PREDICTING NUTRIENTS CONCENTRATION IN RUNOFF FROM BEEF CATTLE FEEDLOT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractNutrient runoff is an environmental concern. There is a need for a robust method of predicting nutrient concentrations in runofffrom feedlots to facilitate management practices. To investigate the feasibility of using multiple linear regression (MLR) andartificial neural network (ANN) in predicting nutrients in runoff, simple water quality paramters (e.g., pH and EC) of runoff froma feedlot in North Dakota, USA, were used to train an ANN. Both models accurately predicted potassium concen...
Autori: Bilal Cemek
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26236

SOURCES AND OCCURRENCE OF NON-PESTICIDE PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANTS (POPs). THE CASE STUDY OF TAIWAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractNon-pesticide persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under the Stockholm Convention include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs),polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDDs/PCDFs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers(PBDEs), polybromobiphenyls (PBBs) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS), which are industrial chemicals and/orunintentional byproducts that remain in the environment, bioaccumulate in human and animal tissue through the food chain, andhave adverse effects ...
Autori: Wen-Tien Tsai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26239

FLUORIDE CONTENT IN SOME TEA LEAVES AND TEA INFUSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractFluoride content in some available teas, dry leaves and tea infusions were determined, in order to check the influence of brewingtime on fluoride content in tea and to compare the percent extraction of fluoride releasing during tea infusion time. A fluoride ionselective electrode was used to determinate the fluoride content in tea samples (Hypericum perforatum, Tilia cordata andCamellia sinensis). Total fluoride contents of tea leaves were determined to be 91.1 - 162 mg/kg d.w., and 0.09...
Autori: Semaghiul Birghila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26242

OIL SPILL RESPONSE AND PREPAREDNESS SYSTEM BASED ON CASE - BASED REASONING - DEMONSTRATED USING A HYPOTHETICAL CASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 12Nr.12
AbstractFor the purpose of coping with oil spills successfully, it is important to establish effective response and preparedness plans. Inprevious study, we proposed the use of Case-Based Reasoning (CBR) technology to develop environmental emergency responseand preparedness plans. In this paper, we present how to develop a CBR-Oil Spill Response and Preparedness System (CBROSRPS). In particular, the Frame method is employed to do case representation, the modified Heterogeneous Euclidean-Overlap ...
Autori: Zhenliang Liao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26247

ENERGY EFFICIENCY LANDSCAPES: AN ENERGY EFFICIENCY VISUAL TOOL FOR SUPPORTING DECISION MAKING IN BUILDINGS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractEnergy efficiency in buildings is a key issue in achieving sustainable development. Many decision support methodologies andtools have been developed, mainly based on energy consumption measurements or simulations and rules designed by experts toconstruct Building Energy Management Systems. An extension of this information from raw consumptions to energy efficiency isrequired. In addition, a visual depiction of this information with temporal and spatial resolution, applied to the differen...
Autori: Mark Richard Wilby
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26259

OPTIMIZATION OF ANAEROBIC BAFFLED REACTOR (ABR) USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK IN MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThis study is focused on simulating and optimizing design and configuration of anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) by means ofartificial neural network (ANN). This approach is aimed to assess an efficient ABR performance in various operational conditionstreating municipal wastewater. For this purpose, to analyze comprehensively on a base of experimental data, the system isoperated in two pilots of 48 liters net volume made of 8 compartments. In 7 months, more than 130 sets of data are obtain...
Autori: Gagik Badalians Gholikandi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26260

SELF-ORGANIZING MAP TO ESTIMATE SUSTAINABLE FLOOD RETENTION BASIN TYPES AND VARIABLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA sustainable flood retention basin (SFRB) is an impoundment or integrated wetland, which has a pre-defined or potential role inflood defense and diffuse pollution control that can be accomplished cost effectively through best management practice in urbanor remote regions. A database comprising 372 SFRB, which belong to 6 types and are characterized by 43 variables, has beendeveloped for the central Scotland area. However, the determination of SFRB types and some characterisation variabl...
Autori: Qinli Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26264

AN APPROACH ON ATTACHED GROWTH PROCESS FOR DOMESTIC WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe applications of biofilm treatment technologies for domestic wastewater are being increased in many parts of the world. Theaim of the study is to assess a compacted aerobic attached growth fix-film unit (termed Bio-cache) for treatment of small volumedomestic wastewater. The system consists of the miniature plastic packing matrix, which provides a large surface area of 300m2/m3, so as to maintain the high rate growth of viable organisms responsible for organic degradation. The study o...
Autori: Alireza Valipour
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26266

STUDY ON THE REMOVAL CHARACTERISTIC OF ACID VIOLET DYE FROM SYNTHETIC WASTEWATER USING A NOVEL RHA/PFA/CFA SORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractA novel RHA/PFA/CFA sorbent was developed by sol-gel method using three types of ashes, i.e. rice husk ash (RHA), palm oilfuel ash (PFA) and coal fly ash. From surface analysis of selected RHA/PFA/CFA sorbents, the spent sorbent had more compactstructures covered by irregular rough surface and the specific structure of raw RHA, PFA, and CFA were no longer visible. Inaddition, lower specific surface area was obtained for spent RHA/PFA/CFA sorbent. Batch studies were performed to evaluatet...
Autori: Irvan Dahlan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26272

REMOVAL OF FLUORIDE IONS BY ION EXCHANGE RESIN: KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 1
AbstractThe extent of the problem of the excessive fluoride in drinking water remains an important health issue. In the present work,strong-base anion resins were investigated to assess their sorptive removal capacity of fluoride from water. It was found that theremoval of fluoride was high at natural pH (7) and was improved for increasing contact time and adsorbent dosage. Themaximum sorption of the resin was 13.7 mg/g according to the Langmuir model, namely higher than the values reported in t...
Autori: Mohammad Taghi Samadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26273

ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF HAZARDOUS METHYLENE BLUE BY FRUIT SHELL OF Cocos nucifera
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractIn this work, fruit shell of Cocos nucifera (FSCN) treated with H3PO4 has been tested as a low cost adsorbent for the removal of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution in batch and column process. The adsorption of MB onto FSCN was affected by the initial solution pH, dye concentration, temperature, column internal diameter and adsorbent dose. The adsorption equilibrium data was fitted well to the Langmuir model and the maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 20.74 mg/g at 40C. K...
Autori: Pijush Kanti Mondal, Rais Ahmad, Rajeev Kumar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26274

ASSESSMENT OF SURFACE-OZONE IN BUCHAREST, ROMANIA FOCUSED ON TRENDS FOR THREE YEARS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe aim of this study is to analyze the surface-ozone concentration mass variations in Bucharest for the 2005-2007 period. Data files from eight urban sites in Bucharest area were processed to extract the surface-ozone features. Generally, the results have shown that the highest values of surface- ozone concentrations are in the summer and in the afternoon, as in the literature. The smallest values are in December and January in all the three years. Monthly mean concentrations have shown...
Autori: Constantin Rada, Cristian Necula, Laurentiu Zagar, Raluca Barladeanu, Sabina Stefan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26275

INFLUENCE OF REFILL SOIL AND BUILDING MATERIAL EQUIVALENT DOSE RATE ON NEW NUCLEAR POWER PLANT SITES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractLithuania is planning to construct a new nuclear power plant nearby the closed one. The possible radioactive pollution can be one of the main problems in its surroundings. Results of investigations of the gamma radiation equivalent dose rate (EDR) at new nuclear power plant sites are presented. Main factors influencing the level of the EDR are identified and evaluated, and geological structure of alternative sites is discussed. The gamma spectrometry data showed that the dominant influen...
Autori: Raselė Girgdienė, Vigilija Cidzikienė
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26277

EVALUATION OF THE WIND INFLUENCE IN MODELING THE BLACK SEA WAVE CONDITIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThe present work is focused on the importance of the resolution and accuracy of the wind fields in modeling waves in the Black Sea. Two different wind fields are considered for forcing the third generation spectral wave model SWAN. The wind data wave model results are compared against in situ measurements performed at the Gloria drilling unit and also against satellite data for a two-month period of wintertime at the beginning of 2002. Subsequently, the model simulations were extended ...
Autori: Dorin Butunoiu, Liliana Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26283

SORPTION OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM ION ONTO A STRONG BASIC ANION EXCHANGER: EQUILIBRIUM ISOTHERMS AND KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractHexavalent chromium can contaminate drinking water resources and should therefore be removed from industrial waste effluents. The use of ion exchange resin was examined in batch tests to remove Cr (VI) from acidic solution by Amberlite IRA 410. Equilibrium data were analyzed and modelled using Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms and the results showed that the adsorption behaviour of Cr (VI) could be accurately described by means of a Langmuir model. The monolayer adsorption cap...
Autori: Abdeltif Amrane, Aicha Bensmaili, Malika Chabani, Yasmine Ait Ouaissa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26289

REMOVAL OF As(III) AND As(V) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING MODIFIED SOLID WASTE VEGETABLE OIL INDUSTRY AS A NATURAL ADSORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper presents the results of the removal of arsenite and arsenate ions from an aqueous solution using Fenton modified solid waste vegetable oil industry (SWVOI). Several factors (such as pH, contact time and Fe2+/H2O2 ratio, initial arsenic ion concentration and adsorbent concentration) that affect the arsenic ion adsorption on the SWVOI adsorbent material were investigated. The sorption characteristics of the adsorbent material before modification were also studied and compared wi...
Autori: Hoda Amiri, Mehdi Ahmadi, Nemat Jaafarzadeh, Susana Silva Martnez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26290

ADSORPTION OF A BASIC DYE ONTO ESMEGEL CLAY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis study focus on the possibility of removing the basic textile dye Astrazon Blue FGGL 300% 03, from an aqueous solution, using Esmegel clay as adsorbent. The characterization of the adsorbent included the distribution of particle size, physical textural properties, chemical composition and determination of the point of zero charge. The equilibrium isotherms were determined at 20 and 30 C, pH at 6.0 and 7.5 and adjusted to the Langmuir and Freundlich models, having the latter led to b...
Autori: Chia-Yau Cheng, Paula M.S.S. Lus, Rui A. R. Boaventura
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26292

SURVEY OF DWELLING BUILDINGS FOR SEISMIC LOSS ASSESSMENT AT URBAN SCALE: THE CASE STUDY OF 18 VILLAGES IN VAL DAGRI, ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 2
AbstractThis paper offers a case study of the seismic vulnerability assessment of existing buildings in 18 villages located in the Val dAgri area (Basilicata region, Southern Italy). A building-by-building inventory was carried out within the urban areas of the villages by trained technicians in two periods collecting typological data for a total of about 17,500 buildings. In the first period (2001-2003), a purposely drawn up inspection form (VSP-2001) based on the usability form adopted in Ita...
Autori: Angelo Masi, Carmelinda Samela, Leonardo Chiauzzi, Luigi Tosco, Marco Vona
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26299

DISCHARGE FACTORS OF BIOMEDICAL WASTE OF HOSPITALS IN TAIWAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThis investigation consists of an analysis of data collected by the Industrial Waste Control Center Report System. Biomedicalwaste accounted for 20.90-25.54% of all hospital waste in Taiwan from 2005 to 2011. The waste discharge factors were 2.31 and3.26 kg/bed/day at bed occupancy rates of 80% and 60%, the biomedical waste discharge factors were 0.50 and 0.83 kg/bed/day,respectively. These discharge factors can be used to determine whether the amount of solid waste reported by a hospita...
Autori: Jim Juimin Lin, Mei-Chuan Huang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26308

ADSORPTION OF METHYLENE BLUE DYE ONTO SURFACE MODIFIED CASHEW NUT SHELL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractIn the present study, batch adsorption experiments were performed for the removal of methylene blue (MB) dye from its aqueoussolution using newly prepared surface modified cashew nut shell (SMCNS) by varying the operating parameters like solution pH,adsorbent dose, initial dye concentration, contact time and temperature. The SMCNS has been prepared by treating the cashewnut shell with the sulphuric acid. Adsorption equilibrium data were analyzed by the model equations such as Langmuir,Fr...
Autori: Krishnan Gayathri Lashmi, Muthukumar Priyadharshini, Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar, Ramasundaram Vijayakumar Abhinaya, Subramanian Sivanesan, Vishwanathan Arthi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26309

PUBLIC AWARENESS AND PERFORMANCE REGARDING NITRATE POLLUTION IN NITRATE-POLLUTED AREA OF TEHRAN, IRAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe main aim of this study is to evaluate the residents public awareness from water-polluted areas in Tehran city, in terms ofwater quality (in particular nitrate pollution), and to measure their different performance and approaches to this environmentalproblem. For this purpose, district 18 (Yaft Abad, southwest of Tehran) was selected as a case study. A questionnaire wasprepared and distributed randomly among residents of the selected area in May 2011. The data were analyzed statistica...
Autori: Mohammad Mahdi Azadegan, , Reza Maknoon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26314

REMOVAL AND PRECONCENTRATION OF CADMIUM ON POLYSTYRENE-GRAFT-ETHYLMETHACRYLATE COPOLYMER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe removal and determination of toxic heavy metal ions in aqueous solutions has been given much more attention over the pastfew years. In this paper, a removal and separation/preconcentration method for cadmium species on Poly S15-g-EMA100 (a kind ofpolystyrene-graft-ethyl methacrylate copolymer) in water samples was developed. Some experimental parameters, such assolution pH, sample flow rate, type and concentration of eluent, amount of adsorbent and effect of common matrix ions werein...
Autori: Harun Ciftci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26317

MANAGEMENT PERCEPTIONS OF RENEWABLE ENERGY USE AND EFFICIENT ENERGY CONSUMPTION: A CASE OF SLOVENIAN COMPANIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractResearch concerning the efficient use of energy (EUE) and use of renewable energy sources (RES) is growing in the scientificliterature. However, there is a general lack of research concerning management perceptions of companies EUE, especiallycompared to research on households. This study examines management perceptions of companies as energy consumers inSlovenia. Data were collected using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methodology. The major finding is thatawareness of t...
Autori: Aleksandra Pisnik Korda, Borut Milfelner, Damijan Mumel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26318

EQUILIBRIUM MODELLING OF COPPER IONS BIOSORPTION BY DATE STONES AND PALM-TREES WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 3
AbstractThe biosorption equilibrium isotherms of copper ions from wastewater onto date stones (DS) and palm-trees Waste (PTW) inaqueous solution over a range of temperatures between 25 and 70C were studied and modelled. To predict the biosorptionisotherms and to determine the characteristic parameters for process design, five models frequently used in the literature -Langmuir, Freundlich, Temkin, Sips and Redlich-Peterson were applied to experimental data.The Langmuirs model gives the most acc...
Autori: Fatiha Mechati, Fatima Addoun, Mejdi Jeguirim, Meriem Belhachemi, Zohra Belala
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26319

BIOSORPTION OF CADMIUM (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY NaCl-TREATED Ceratophyllum demersum
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe biosorption characteristics of Cd(II) ions using the NaCl-treated Ceratophyllum demersum were studied. The effect ofaltering the conditions, such as solution pH, the biosorbent dosage and contact time for the biosorption of Cd(II), and thebiosorption/desorption studies, were investigated. Langmuir, Freundlich, Dubinin-Radushkevich and RedlichPeterson modelswere applied to describe the biosorption isotherms. Langmuir model fitted the equilibrium data better than the other isotherms(R...
Autori: Ali Akbar Babaei, Mehdi Ahmadi, Nadali Alavi, Nemat Jaafarzadeh, Pari Teymouri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26331

EVALUATION OF THE ADSORPTION OF COPPER (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY D151 RESIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractStudies about the adsorption behavior of Cu(II) on D151 resin were conducted. Parameters including the effects of pH,temperature, contact time and initial metal ion concentration were studied by batch methods. Results showed that the adsorptionwas strongly dependent on pH of the medium, and the maximum uptake was obtained at pH 6.90. In the batch system, the D151resin exhibited the highest Cu(II) uptake as 277.8 mg/g at 318K, calculated by the Langmuir model. The adsorption kinetics were...
Autori: Caiping Yao, Chunhua Xiong, Xinyi Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26333

MONITORING ALGAL BLOOM THROUGH RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN CHLOROPHYLL α AND PHYTOPLANKTON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractAlgal blooms in reservoirs used for both fish and drinking water production are a major water quality problem. The authorsassessed data gathered from both published literature and from their own field enclosure experiments to analyze the relationshipsof phytoplankton chlorophyll α concentrations with biomass and algal cell count. Experimental data were collected from indoorlocations, field enclosures, and natural water bodies. Under laboratory conditions, where the types of algae an...
Autori: Chang-juan Zang, Chao Lin, Feng Gao, Hong-chuan Pan, Miklas Scholz, Min Wu, Sheng-lan Du, Sui-liang Huang, Yong Guo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26335

PREDICTION OF URBAN TRAFFIC NOISE USING ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractIn this study artificial neural network (ANN) has been applied to predict noise pollution level in Chandigarh, a newly plannedcity of India. Factors that predominantly influence noise pollution level in a traffic noise model framework were classified intotwo categories: traffic volume and traffic speed. Volume, speed and noise level data of traffic were collected at nine identifiedlocations in the city. For development of ANN model, classified traffic volume (Car/Jeep/Van, Scooter/ Motor...
Autori: Kranti Kumar, Manoranjan Parida, Vinod Kumar Katiyar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26336

REMOVAL AND RECOVERY OF LEAD (II) FROM SIMULATED SOLUTION USING ALGINATE IMMOBILIZED PAPAIN (AIP)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractLead (II) can bind with papain at its active site, destroying the enzymatic activity. Papain a sulfhydryl protease has beenimmobilized in calcium alginate bead for the purpose of removal of lead (II) from industrial waste water. Effect of lead (II) onthe enzyme activity of immobilized papain, has been observed. A detailed kinetic study has been carried out and the data arefitted to different kinetic models. EDS (Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry) and desorption study suggest that meta...
Autori: Aparupa Bhattacharyya, Parameswar De, Soumasree Chatterjee, Srabanti Basu, Susmita Dutta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26338

LONG-TERM ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES ANALYSIS USING CORINE DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
...
Autori: Alexandru-Ionuţ Petrişor, Cezar-Petre Simion-Melinte, Mircea Grigorovschi, Vasile Meiţă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26339

REMOVAL OF PHOSPHORUS BY ION-EXCHANGE RESINS: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe removal of phosphorus by strongly basic anion exchanger was investigated. Removal efficiency increased with contact time,resin mass and initial solute concentration, while temperature showed a reverse effect. Equilibrium data were best fitted ontoLangmuir isotherm model (R2>0.99). Maximum sorption capacity of the resin was 66.22 mg/g, namely significantly higher thevalues reported in the literature. The Freundlich parameter (n = 4.3) and the Langmuir separation factor (RL = 0.067-...
Autori: Abdeltif Amrane, Hamid Reza Ghaffari, Mansur Zarrabi, Mohammad Mahdi Soori, Mohammad Noori Sepehr, Saied Borji
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26343

REMOVAL OF Cu (II) IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION ONTO ACTIVATED CARBON PRODUCED FROM Guazuma ulmifolia SEEDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractGuazuma ulmifolia seeds activated carbon was modified by sulphuric acid to enhance the adsorption capacity for Cu(II) ions.This modified activated carbon produced from Guazuma ulmifolia seeds (GUAC) was investigated by observing the changes inits characteristics and the Cu(II) adsorption behavior. The prepared GUAC was characterized by BET, FTIR and SEM analysis.The kinetic data were analyzed using four adsorption kinetic models: the pseudo-first and pseudo-second order equations,intrapa...
Autori: Muthukumar Priyadharshini, Palanichamy Baskaralingam, Palanichamy RajKumar, Ponnusamy Senthil Kumar, Selvaraj Dinesh Kirupha, Subramanian Sivanesan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26344

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF GLOBAL TRENDS IN ENERGY SUSTAINABILITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 4
AbstractThe importance of energy sustainability has been constantly growing in scientific, political and economic circles. The reason forthis lies in numerous energy and environmental issues that the entire world is facing on an everyday basis. There are severaltheories about the basic elements of energy sustainability. Nevertheless, the dominant current in scientific circles sees energysustainability as a concept relying on two basic elements: energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. Thi...
Autori: Aleksandar M. Vuckovic, Dejan C. Petrovic, Marko M. Mihic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26349

ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS, TECHNICAL PROGRESS AND CORPORATE PERFORMANCE: EMPIRICAL STUDY BASED ON CHINESE PROVINCIAL PANEL DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractEnvironmental regulation and its impact on corporate performance have attracted both the Governments and the academiasgrowing focus. The Porter Hypothesis theory shows that environmental regulation would exert direct impact on corporateperformance, while technology progress would compensate for it indirectly. In this paper, we completely and specificallyexamines those two effects by setting the three models and creating the interaction variable in the third one. The panel data from20...
Autori: Chengming Huang, Hong Li, Wei Liu, Xianqi Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26358

EMPIRICAL RESEARCH ON THE EFFECTS OF CARBON TAXES ON ECONOMY AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractUsing the provincial panel data of China during 1995-2009, this paper focused on the effects of carbon taxes on economy andcarbon emissions in China based on different scenarios. Our research makes the following conclusions: Carbon taxes will restraineconomy growth and curb carbon emissions, but the effects will continually decrease with the enhancement of carbon taxes.Increasing carbon taxes will increase output elasticities of capital and labour, but decrease output elasticity of energ...
Autori: Ru-yin Long, Shi-Chun Xu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26360

MEASURING EFFICIENCY OF RECYCLING SYSTEMS BASED ON DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) NETWORK: A CASE FROM CHINESE PROVINCIAL CIRCULAR ECONOMY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractAs a typical environment-economy linking system, recycling and its efficiency measurement with a triple-bottom-line (TBL)thinking, increasingly play an important role in the development of real economies and environmental protection. Since theclassic black-box-based data envelopment analysis DEA model may over-estimate the operation performance of a decisionmaking unit (DMU), this paper describes a novel network based on DEA model to narrow the gap between the DEA theory andpractical nee...
Autori: Huaqing Wu, Qiong Xia, Weidong Zhu, Yixian Liu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26362

ENVIRONMENTAL EFFICIENCY OF CHINESE PAPER MILLS ALONG HUAI RIVER: A DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) BASED STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractTo deal with the undesirable factors in Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), a non-linear DEA model was previously developedfor a paper production system, where the desirable outputs are increased and the undesirable outputs are decreased for efficiencyimprovement. To convert the proposed non-linear model into a linear one, a linear approximation to the non-linear constraint isused and an approximate efficiency score is obtained. In this paper, we propose a new method to solve the non-linear...
Autori: Jie Wu, Zhixiang Zhou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26363

MODELING AND SIMULATION OF VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT SYSTEM OF COMPLEX COALMINE USING MULTI-AGENT TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractInvestigating and exploring new methods of coal-mining environment has become a new project to resolve the safety of mineproduction. The virtual reality technology provides new ways and ideas for the safety of mine production, and the intelligence ofthe virtual environment is enhanced as the multi-agent is applied. Based on multi-agent technology and the investigation of themodeling approach of the virtual environment of the complex coal mine, a three-layer architecture model and the for...
Autori: Chaoli Tang, Chunling Wang, Liguo Qu, Liuyi Ling
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26364

A CROSS-EFFICIENCY DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) BASED MODEL FOR MEASURING ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractUndesirable outputs are increasingly considered in data envelopment analysis (DEA) for environmental performance assessmentbecause of hot environment issues. However, many practical conditions are not considered during modeling undesirable outputtogether with desirable outputs and inputs. In this paper, we presented several new approaches with considering weightconstraints between undesirable outputs and inputs. Then we constructed cross-efficiency models for measuring eco-efficiency.Fin...
Autori: Jing Yang, Xianguo Li, Zhixiang Zhou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26366

EVALUATION OF ENERGY PRODUCTION COMPANIES EFFICIENCY BASED ON THE COMBINATION OF PRINCIPAL COMPONENT ANALYSIS (PCA) AND DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractThe optimizing transformation of our countrys energy structure relies on the improvement of production efficiencies of domesticEnergy Companies. The efficiency improvement, in turn, is theoretically based on a set of scientific evaluation approaches. DataEnvelopment Analysis, a nonparametric method to evaluate the relative effectiveness of decision-making units, has a strongdiscriminating power to exclude invalid factors. However, DEA is sensitive to the number of evaluated decision-mak...
Autori: Lei Li, Mingyue Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26367

ASSESSMENT OF COORDINATED DEVELOPMENT OF ENVIRONMENT-ECONOMY SYSTEM IN CHINA: STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND COMBINATION PREDICTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBalance and coordination between environment and economy can promote the sustainable development of society. By usingSBM model which considers non-desirable output and econometrical model on the coordination degree of environment -economy system, the article makes quantitative analyses on the coordination conditions between environment and economy inChina during the period of 1992 to 2010 and then calculates annual coordination degrees between environment and economy;subsequently, throug...
Autori: Long Xu, Malin Song, Yuanxiang Zhou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26368

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN ENERGY CONSUMPTION, ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND CARBON EMISSIONS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBased on the improved C-D production function model, the relationship of Chinas energy consumption, economic growth andcarbon emissions are comprehensively studied in this paper through the panel data in China from1991 to 2009. The researchshows that energy consumption and economic growth have a long-term equilibrium and a one-way causality relationship fromenergy consumption to economic growth. In both elasticity coefficients and contributive rate, energy consumption plays the mostimpo...
Autori: Huifeng Pan, Jian-Min Wang, Li Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26370

STUDY ON ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS AND REGULATION OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractThe environmental pressure brought by foreign direct investment (FDI) to China has been an increasingly common topic. It is thecurrent and later policy tropism to protect environment all-sided and keep the environmental elements continual use in making useof FDI in China. Environmental effect of FDI is a "double blade sword". This paper first analyzes the environmental effects ofFDI and the terms of its positive effect, and then analyzes the negative environmental impacts of FDI in China...
Autori: Hong-Min Qu, Lu Yang, Yan-Bo Zhang, Ye Liu, Ze-Shen Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26372

INFLUENCE OF INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGY SPILLOVER ON CHINAS CARBON EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBased on the 1995-2009 panel data from 29 provinces of China mainland, this paper uses the panel co-integration model to assessthe influence of technology spillover effect from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and that from import on the carbon emissionsof China. The result shows that both have an inhibitory effect on the carbon emissions, and the inhibitory effects brought by thelatter is more distinct than the former. Based on the analysis, we put forward several points on how to take b...
Autori: Jianping Liu, Qingbin Guo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26373

COMPARISON OF ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS FOR THERMAL POWER PLANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractThe energy and environmental regulations of thermal power plants became crucial issues in China due to the coal dependence ofelectricity generation. The regulation costs, which are distributed differently between the plants are evaluated based ondirectional distance functions approach using the input and pollution data of the main thermal power plants in 2008. The resultsof our analysis show that potential cost for complying with the regulations entailing coal consumption for power gener...
Autori: Jinyi Li, Wei Zhang, Xiaohua Xia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26376

RESOURCE ALLOCATION APPROACH BASED ON DIFFERENT ENVIRONMENTAL DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) TECHNOLOGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractAs environmental problems are of concern in modern times, decision makers, dealing with resource allocation, should considerenvironmental aspects. This paper examines a resource allocation problem confronted by a central decision making unit. Thecentral unit is assumed to be interested in maximizing the total amount of desirable outputs. The optimal scale of production isobtained by allocating available resources to decision making units (DMUs) efficiently under the current production po...
Autori: Gongbing Bi, Tao Zhu, Yan Luo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26377

SPATIAL EFFECT ANALYSIS OF FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) ON CARBON INTENSITY IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractBecause of the current researches ignoring the spatial spillover effects of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), this study empiricallyanalyses the spatial spillover effects of FDI on carbon emission intensity by using the spatial panel data model. Results show thatthe spatial autocorrelation between FDI and carbon emission intensity in China is evident, and that FDI is not only conducive toreducing of carbon emission intensity of the local region whose space spillover effects but also has a...
Autori: Wei Zhang, Xiongfeng Pan, Yue Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26379

DYNAMIC EVOLUTION MECHANISM OF CHINA TOTAL FACTOR ENERGY EFFICIENCY: COINTEGRATION ANALYSIS USING THE PANEL DATA FROM 1991 TO 2009
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 5
AbstractIn this paper, the panel data model is built to research the dynamic evolution mechanism of the total factor energy efficiency(TFEE). Then by using the panel data of China from 1991 to 2009, this paper estimates Chinas TFEE based on the input to theguide DEA model, and empirically researches on the dynamic evolution mechanism of the Chinas TFEE by comparativelyanalyzing the contribution rate of every influencing factor to the growth rate of TFEE. The empirical research results show tha...
Autori: Chuan-Xu Wang, Jian-Min Wang, Li Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26380

VARIATION OF ANNUAL, SEASONAL, NOCTURNAL AND DIURNAL CONCENTRATIONS OF GASEOUS AND PARTICULATE POLLUTANTS IN SIX AREAS OF BUCHAREST, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractThe importance of air pollution for health results from the major role the air plays in preserving life. The air pollution is one ofthe most serious problems of the current society, both temporally and spatially. The air pollution of the environment is stronglyinfluenced by meteorological factors because of a complex combination of emission processes, transport, chemicaltransformations and the removal of pollutants through wet and dry processes. This study established a database on ozone...
Autori: Gilda Rusu-Zagar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26391

COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION OF MINE VENTILATION NETWORKS FOR SUSTAINABLE DECISION MAKING PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractThe simulation of different situations that may occur in the operation of the mine ventilation network is performed on its virtualmodel, developed and optimized using dedicated software. Depending on the chosen scenario, on the network model are applieda number of changes (addition of new ventilation workings, addition / removal of branches and nodes, changes in aerodynamicparameters: pressure, air flow driven by the fan etc.), the ultimate goals being: to assess how the new model obtain...
Autori: Marius Cornel Șuvar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26408

DETECTION OF ACCIDENTAL LEAKS IN NATURAL GAS MAIN PIPELINES BY FUZZY LOGIC TOOLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 6
AbstractPipeline crack-like defects are detected and localized through the monitoring of the transport parameters of the transmissionnetwork. Under SCADA monitoring, accidental gas loss is reduced and the negative environmental impact of the hydrocarbons isavoided. This paper presents a method for the localization of accidental gas leaks, the pressure gradient method combined with afuzzy analysis method, which operates simultaneously both numerical data and lexical arguments in order to accurate...
Autori: Adrian Bucur
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26418

MODELLING WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS IN A SMALL PLANT USING A SEQUENCING BATCH REACTOR (SBR)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe industrial development, the demographic growth and the limitation of the natural regions have determined a continuousdegradation of the water quality due to high concentrations and complexity of pollutants from the wastewater. The centralizedand decentralized treatment systems apply treatment procedures and techniques which can be complementary in solving theenvironmental pollution problems due to wastewater. In the present paper a three-dimensional mathematical model waselaborated b...
Autori: Narcis Barsan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26422

ACCIDENTAL POLLUTION WITH AMMNONIA. INFLUENCE OF METEOROLOGICAL FACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractAir quality in urban areas mostly depends on the type and size of industrial activities, traffic intensity, municipal and industrialwaste management. In addition to these factors, air quality in urban areas also depends on the size and quality of green areas,population density, geographic and climatic conditions. This paper reveals the correlations between air quality aspects in BacauCity, Romania (related to 2011) and the most representative climatic factors that influence the pollutant...
Autori: Doina Capsa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26424

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF WATER MIGRATION TIME IN SOIL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThis paper proposes a tridimensional mathematical model for water migration time in a soil sample, as a prerequisite for thestudy of migration of various liquid pollutants in soil. The variables taken into consideration were measurement position, soiltype, porosity and the height of soil column. The mathematical models were elaborated and tested based on experimental data,assisted by TableCurve 3D software for generating linear and non-linear equations. The proposed mathematical models o...
Autori: Alexandra-Dana Chiţimuş
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26425

HEAT RECOVERY FROM MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER: EVALUATION AND PROPOSALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractMunicipal wastewater, characterized by temperatures of 14-22C in the inflow of Wastewater Treatment Plants and above 35-40C in domestic outflows, represents a relevant thermal energy source. A feasibility study of the implementation of heatrecovery from a specific sewer system should take into account several aspects: potential heat capacity (depending on wastewatertemperature and flow rate in the considered area and climate conditions, and on the sewer characteristics), users that cou...
Autori: Silvia Fiore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26427

PERSPECTIVES FOR ENERGETIC VALORIZATION OF WASTEWATER SEWAGE SLUDGE: THE TURIN CASE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe right individuation of the more convenient solution for final treatment and destination of sewage sludge deriving fromwastewater plants, normally after anaerobic digestion process, is a very interesting problem, in accounting of urgent needs foracceptable solutions. The produced sludge, primarily after thermal drying, can be sent to energetic valorization processes as, forexample, incineration, gasification and also pyrolysis. In this work we examined the thermal solutions (both dire...
Autori: Deborah Panepinto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26435

A NEW METHOD FOR THE EVALUATION OF RADON CONCENTRATION WITHIN A DEDICATED VESSEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractEvaluation of radon concentration is a very difficult task and a very important issue, in relation to the protection of human health.This is especially the case when there is an increase in concentration of radon on a deterministic basis, as is the case of nearbyphosphogypsum residues or geological characteristics. Radon gaseous that can be found in the environment occurs mainly fromnatural radioactive decay chains. The gamma ray spectroscopy is a powerful tool in order to monitor the en...
Autori: Marius Stamate
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26441

MATHEMATICAL MODELLING OF SOUND PRESSURE LEVEL ATTENUATION TRANSMITTED BY AN ACOUSTIC SCREEN IN INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThis paper presents a three-dimensional mathematical model which characterizes the variation of sound pressure levelpropagation and the variation of attenuation of the sound pressure level propagated in an enclosed space. The variable taken intoconsideration both in the experiments and in the mathematical modeling were: the positions of the acoustic screen to noisesource; the height of the microphone to record the sound pressure level for a variable number of walls. The mathematical mode...
Autori: Claudia Tomozei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26443

SYSTEM FOR DYNAMIC MONITORING AND WARNING IN CASE OF ECOLOGICAL RISK FOR SURFACE WATERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe dynamic monitoring system continuously performs the monitoring of physicochemical quality indicators of water quality ininvestigated areas. In case of ecological risk due to accidental pollution situations, the system alarms in real time the decisionfactors for the diminution of the environmental impacts and other negative effects. The distributed networks of the system arecomposed of floatable structures of Buoys Monitoring (BM) type, autonomous and adaptable to the environmental co...
Autori: Constantin Vlcu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26445

MODELING LEVELS OF ENVIRONMENTAL TEMPERATURES IN THE REGION OF RUSE, BULGARIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe purpose of this article is to elaborate a mathematical model for the prediction of average monthly environmental/outsidetemperature (T) levels in the region of Ruse, Bulgaria. Based on the method of harmonic analysis, amplitudes and phases of themain harmonic oscillations were defined. The results show the dominance of the first three harmonics for the period of theresearch. Visualization of experimental and theoretical values of the model shows a high degree of consistency between t...
Autori: Stoyan Yanev
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26446

GROUNDWATER - UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES INTERACTION IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT IN BUCHAREST AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractUnderground space represents an area with multiple management problems, mainly related to water resources management,difficulties for new underground constructions (as diaphragm walls, tunnels, dewatering systems etc.), interpretation of hydrogeologicaldata or influence of the new constructions on the existing ones. The management of this area is even more difficultdue to the multitude of works, of the (sometimes) chaotic development, of the poor legislation, various ownerships of the la...
Autori: Loretta Batali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26449

SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS FOR URANIUM SOILS DECONTAMINATION USING A MONTE CARLO SIMULATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 7
AbstractThe washing method for uranium contaminated soils using three different reagents was investigated. Experimental data havebeen obtained for four types of soils, which have been characterized in terms of particle size distribution, as well as structure andchemical composition. Thus, the decontamination degree for each type of soil and reagent respectively has been measured.Subsequently, the decontamination process has been simulated using an artificial neural network. Based on this neural ...
Autori: Alexandru Woinaroschy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26451

BIOSORPTION OF AMARANTH DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ROOTS, LEAVES, STEMS AND THE WHOLE PLANT OF E. crassipes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractIn the present work, the kinetics of amaranth dye biosorption onto the roots, stems, leaves and the whole plant of water hyacinth(Eichhornia crassipes) were studied for differential evaluation of the plants biosorptive potential to remove the toxic dye fromaqueous solutions. E. crassipes leaves showed the highest level of amaranth dye biosorption (43.1 mg/g), followed by the entireplant (31.18 mg/g), the roots (28.51 mg/g), and finally by the stems (23.97 mg/g). The same differential t...
Autori: Imelda Guerrero-Coronilla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26463

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT AND TOTAL CHROMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY PLUM (P. domestica L.) TREE BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe main purpose of the present work was to evaluate the potential of plum (P. domestica L.) tree bark (PDB) to remove Cr(VI)and total chromium from aqueous solutions in batch systems. Experimental data showed that the Cr(VI) and total chromiumremoval capacity was dependent on operating variables such as PDB particle size, PDB pretreatment, solution pH, initial Cr(VI)concentration, and contact time. The mechanism of Cr(VI) removal by PDB implies two simultaneous processes: 1) the reducti...
Autori: Perla Vianey Lopez-Nuez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26464

COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS BASED MODELING OF A LINEAR HEAT SOURCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractIn this paper, a study is conducted to assess the ability and the accuracy of a CFD approach concerning the behavior of a linearheat source positioned in a test room. Firstly, the main characteristics of our numerical model (mesh generation, turbulencemodel, near wall treatment, radiation model and boundary conditions) are presented after a briefly description of the test roomtaken into account. In addition, we show also the significance of these issues within our CFD approach. Furthermo...
Autori: Raluca Teodosiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26467

THE ROŞIA MONTANĂ - GOLD CORPORATION PROJECT IN THE OPINION OF ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING STUDENTS CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe present study is an exploratory one representing the first endeavor to test the opinion of a small group of EnvironmentalEngineering students from the Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iaşi, Romania in terms of environmental issues. Thepurpose of the research presented in this paper is to determine the opinion of the students who are likely to become professionalsin the field of Environmental Engineering, on the consequences of the Roşia Montană - Gold Corporat...
Autori: Carmen Cătălina Ioan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26459

EVALUATION OF CONTROL TECHNIQUES APPLIED ON A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESS WITH ACTIVATED SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractWastewater treatment processes with activated sludge are described in the specialized literature by complex models withnonlinear parameterization, such as for example Activated Sludge Model ASM1, ASM2 or ASM3. Under these conditions, thedesign of control structures using the state space representation is very difficult. Suitable techniques to approach the control ofthese processes are using control structures based on an input-output model or using control structures obtained without eve...
Autori: Daniela Carp
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26470

SILICA IMPREGNATED WITH CYPHOS IL-101 FOR Cs+ ADSORPTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractA series of experiments were performed to quantify the adsorption of Cesium on Silica impregnated withtrihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride (Cyphos IL-101). Non-radioactive cesium solution was used as a surrogate of theradioactive 137Cs. The obtained impregnated Silica with the studied ionic liquid was characterized through scanning electronmicroscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy in order to put in evidence that theimpregnation with the...
Autori: Adina Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26473

MONITORING OF MERCURY FROM AIR AND URBAN DUST IN THE INDUSTRIAL AREA OF IASI MUNICIPALITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 8
AbstractThe present work is dealing with the identification of the mercury sources and the quantification of the mercury level in air andurban dust in the industrial area of Iasi municipality. A correlation between some meteorological indicators, atmospheric mercurycontent and the urban dust from the investigated area was pointed out, based on the real time measurements as well as spatialdistribution of other heavy metals in urban dust.The measurements of mercury level in air were carried out at...
Autori: Oana Maria Tucaliuc
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26479

RESEARCH ON PARAMETERS CHANGES OF THE TWO-LEVEL MULTICHANNEL CYCLONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe conducted research has proved the dependence of gas flow rate in the separate channels of the two-level multichannel cycloneat a different inflow velocity and the number of channels. The carried out investigation demonstrates the dependence of changesin velocity in the channels under varying relations between peripheral and transitional flows. The work of a cyclone of the channelis based on centrifugal forces and an additionally occurring filtration process caused by the interaction ...
Autori: Pranas Baltrėnas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26488

DYNAMICS OF A RHIZODEGRADATION PILOT UNIT TREATING GROUNDWATER CONTAMINATED WITH BISPHENOL-A
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractBisphenol-A (BPA; 2,2-bis(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane) is a monomer used primarily in the production of polycarbonate andepoxy resins that has been reported to have estrogenic activity. The biodegradability of BPA has been previously investigated inseveral studies designed to simulate surface waters and biological wastewater treatment systems. However, there is littleinformation available about the phytoremediation of groundwater contaminated with BPA. Halophytic species are of specialintere...
Autori: Margarita A. Petoussi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26493

EXPLORATORY SPATIAL DATA ANALYSIS OF HEAVY METALS CONCENTRATION IN TWO SAMPLING SITES ON SIRET RIVER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe study site is located on South of Bacau City, Romania, on two water courses: the Siret River the branch flowing throughthe old riverbed downstream Galbeni Reservoir, and one of its tributaries - an infiltration channel, both of them being used by thelocals for fishing and irrigation, and the common meadow for grazing. The study covers the right side of the Siret River, betweenthe interception point up to Galbeni Reservoir dam and the equivalent length of the infiltration channel. T...
Autori: Maria Ema Faciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26494

SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION OF AIR FLOW AND CO2 CONCENTRATION IN A NATURALLY VENTILATED DAIRY BUILDING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractAir flow measurements as well as concentration measurements within a naturally ventilated dairy barn (NVD) were carried outduring one summer season of 2012. Air flow measurements were performed using ultrasonic anemometers (UA), either as shortduration (20 min duration) measurements with a higher spatial distribution (using up to 9 UAs at the same time) or as long period(roughly 2 weeks) measurements with a lower spatial resolution (3 to 5 UAs). Measurements were conducted at two heights...
Autori: Merike Fiedler
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26496

PHONIC POLLUTION AND STRATEGIC ACOUSTIC MAPPING WITH GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe phonic pollution has become a more serious problem in the recent years, especially because of traffic increase. This kind ofpollution is generated by all kinds of means of transport. One of its peculiarities is the repercussion it has on people, unlike theother types of pollution, i.e.: water pollution, air pollution, soil pollution, which can affect, to a certain extent, the entireenvironment. The phonic pollution is considered to be the most widely spread type. The numerous surveys...
Autori: Carmen Grecea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26500

ENVIRONMENTAL AND OCCUPATIONAL IMPACT ON HUMAN HEALTH OF DUST AND CHEMICALS FROM MODERN TECHNOLOGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractThe paper concentrates on the risks of modern technologies (in wood processing and metal industry, spray-painting processes andcar washing technologies) in the industrial and office environments on human health. The problems discussed are the following:fine dust (PM2.5and PM1.0) penetrating deeply into the lungs; high concentration of carbon dioxide in the air of cities and officeareas that are situated close to the transport junctions. The health damages can be described as follows: all...
Autori: Ada Traumann
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26501

CHALLENGING ANALYTICAL TASK: ANALYSIS AND MONITORING OF ARSENIC SPECIES IN WATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractAnalysis and monitoring of arsenic is still a challenging analytical task. Due to its complex behaviour (different forms of arsenicthat can be present depending on pH and oxidation states of arsenic) as well as demanding analytical procedures and instrumentaltools for control of arsenic concentration in drinking water which is set to 10 μg L1, there are still some open questions andissues when arsenic is the scientific topic. In this paper the idea was to use a multivariate statist...
Autori: Vladana N. Rajakovic-Ognjanovic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26506

POLYCYCLIC AROMATIC HYDROCARBONS IN VEGETABLES GROWN IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 9
AbstractVegetables are an important part of a healthy diet because of their nutritional value. Contamination in vegetable may provehazardous for population. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are compounds widespread in the environment, many ofthem showing carcinogenic effects. These compounds can reach the food chain by different ways and, therefore, the analysis ofPAHs in food is a matter of concern.The present work provides data regarding levels of PAHs: acenaphthene (Ace), acenaphthylen...
Autori: Alina Soceanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26510

ARE COMPANIES ENVIRONMENTAL SCORES AFFECTED BY DIVERSITY OF POLICIES AND WOMENS PRESENCE? AN OVERVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThis paper examines the impact of diversity policies and womens participation in the workplace on the environmental scores ofcompanies. Using data from 3895 firms present in the ASSET4 database during 20062010, we report on the impact of diversitypolicies, womens presence, and the major market location of companies on their environmental scores. The results show thatenvironmental scores increase with the presence of diversity policies and the location of the company outside Asia. Furt...
Autori: Mara-del-Val Segarra-Oa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26554

INVESTIGATION ON THE HEATING SYSTEM OF THE MECHATRONICS RESEARCH CENTER BUILDING USING OLAP TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractAt the University of Debrecen, the Department of Electrical Engineering and Mechatronics operates in the BuildingMechatronics Research Center, where researchers took the initial steps of constructing an intelligent and sustainable building,which involved the configuring of the research infrastructure and the measurement network. In this article, we present a possibleapplication and several advantages of the developed measurement network, which are principally conducive to monitoring thee...
Autori: Eva Adamko
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26530

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OF A PRECAST CONCRETE BUILDING STOCK IN A TIME PERSPECTIVE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe sustainable refurbishment of the existing building stock is a key issue in achieving the ambitious long-term energy andenvironmental goals of the European Union. Europe has a vast building stock built with prefabricated reinforced concrete largepanelconstruction technology after World War II to decrease the general housing shortage, mostly in the Eastern-Europeancountries and East Germany.This study focuses on the environmental evaluation of the retrofitting of the existing precast l...
Autori: Sra Hrabovszky-Horvth
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26538

ROLE OF URBAN MORPHOLOGY IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE THERMAL EXCESS IN THE CITY OF DEBRECEN, HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe thermal excess in a settlement compared to its rural environment is called urban heat island (UHI). It has a significant effecton human comfort in open urban spaces and indoor environment. UHI intensities (the thermal difference between the settlementand its close-to natural environment) are determined by buildup characteristics of settlements as static endowments and synopticweather conditions as dynamic factors. Effects of build-up characteristics are traced in the case of the city...
Autori: Sndor Szegedi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26539

RENEWABLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION, R&D AND GDP IN EUROPEAN UNION COUNTRIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe relationship between the use of renewable energy sources and other characteristics of national economies has frequently beeninvestigated, and a wide range of approaches can be observed in publications. The aim of this study to examine the potentialrelationship between the ratio of renewable consumption in gross energy consumption, GDP per capita, and R&D expenditures inEuropean Union countries. Data are analyzed in their original forms, and a mathematical model is presented that ...
Autori: Imre Kocsis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26542

INCREASING ROLE OF RENEWABLE ENERGIES IN THE MAINTENANCE OF SETTLEMENTS IN EASTERN HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe most important issues of the new millennium are the adaption of renewable energies; and the establishment and operation ofsocial and technical systems that have little impact on the environment. People must undertake to solve this problem during theestablishment of the everyday life of the settlements. In the course of this study, the authors surveyed the documents related tothe energy strategy of the local municipalities of the Northern Great Plain region. This document analysis was...
Autori: Balzs Kulcsr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26544

INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF MOISTURE IN THE TIME LAG OF BUILDING WALLS WITH DIFFERENT INSULATING MATERIALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe thermal and water insulation of buildings is extremely important. Currently, the most applied insulation materials in thebuilding sector are plastic foams and fibrous materials. Different types of polystyrene materials are used as water and thermalinsulators, e.g., expanded polystyrene (EPS) and extruded polystyrene (XPS). The differences between the different polystyrenematerials is found in their manufacturing processes and thus in their microstructure. Our research focuses on the ...
Autori: kos Lakatos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26546

SOCIAL EMBEDDEDNESS OF ENERGY-EFFICIENT BUILDING METHODS IN THE NORTHERN GREAT PLAIN REGION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThe aim of the study is to reveal the energy-efficient technologies, related knowledge and information sources of the populationin the Hungarian Northern Great Plain Region and to gain a understanding of their attitude towards the implementation of thesetechnologies. The survey included questions about the alternative building technologies as well as the cost burden limits ofconsidering their application. Special attention was given to getting information about the energy characteristics...
Autori: Jnos Pnzes
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26547

TESTING ALGORITHMS FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF ASBESTOS ROOFING BASED ON HYPERSPECTRAL DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractThere are several environmental issues in urban areas that are caused by the unintentional consequences of past activities. One ofthese issues is the wide application of asbestos cement in roofing materials in the 2nd half of the 1900s. In this study, our goal wasto identify different roof types and to determine those with asbestos components using high-ground (1 m) and spectral (126bands) resolution airborne hyperspectral imagery (AISA Eagle II) and several classification approaches. In...
Autori: Szilrd Szab
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26549

HEATING DEGREE DAY IN HUNGARY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractIn Central European countries, heating represents approximately 75% of the total energy use of a residential building, withaverage thermal characteristics of the envelope. The expected energy use can be determined using complex simulation programs,but an easier way is to use specific degree day values. Degree day values should be calculated as precisely as possible. At presentin Hungary, the degree day values that are used for simplified energy calculations were determined several decade...
Autori: Zoltn Verbai
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26551

MEASUREMENT METHOD FOR A SOLAR CELL INDUCED GRAVITY VENTILATION SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 11
AbstractA zero-energy research program was recently established. Under this research program, we collaborated with anotherdepartment. The goal of the collaboration was to develop a gravitational, zero-energy ventilation system sufficiently efficient touse in a passive house or in a zero-energy building. We developed a method to measure all of the necessary variables andparameters required to calculate the effectiveness of the theoretical description of the approach....
Autori: Attila Vitz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26552

REMOVAL OF CADMIUM (II) FROM AQUEOUS MEDIA USING COOH/TUD-1 MESOPOROUS SOLID. KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe adsorption potential of 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1 material for removing Cd2+ from aqueous solutions was investigated via thebatch technique, and the effects of pH, temperature and contact time were studied. Experimental data showed that the maximumCd2+ adsorption, 90%, occurred at pH 6. The adsorption equilibrium was reached within 35 min for 10 wt.% COOH/TUD-1. Theadsorption mechanism was investigated in terms of its thermodynamics and kinetics. The adsorption data were fitted using theLan...
Autori: Nabila Bensacia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26558

APPLICATION OF GIS TECHNIQUES FOR THE QUANTIFICATION OF LAND DEGRADATION CAUSED BY WATER EROSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractLand decay processes caused by erosion are very serious by their long term impact on the quality of soils, surface waters,environment and living standards. This article presents the results of a spatial erosion modelling. A new methodology is herebyproposed to estimate the soil losses caused by water erosion. The method is based on using GIS techniques, and its noveltyconsists in applying the mathematic calculation model on the pixel/ cell level, by using the overlay technique, which g...
Autori: Gabriela Biali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26559

APPLICATIONS OF PNEUMATIC BIOREACTORS IN WASTEWATERS TREATMENT 1. MIXING EFFICIENCY AND DISTRIBUTION IN SPLIT-CYLINDER GAS-LIFT BIOREACTOR FOR VISCOUS MEDIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe distribution of mixing time for a split-cylinder gas-lift bioreactor has been investigated for simulated broths with apparentviscosities up to 26 cP. The results indicated important variation of mixing time on the height of riser or downcomer, as well asdifferent behavior of dispersion flows in the two regions. Thus, the highest mixing efficiency for the ascending circulation hasbeen recorded for the intermediary positions, placed above the sparger. Contrary, for the downcomer, the i...
Autori: Anca-Irina Galaction
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26560

EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES OF CATIONIC RED X-GRL ADSORPTION ON GRAPHENE OXIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractGraphene oxide (GO) was prepared from expandable graphite by a modified Hummers method and characterized by TEM,XRD, FTIR, and Raman spectroscopy. The batch adsorption experiments were carried out to study the effect of variousparameters, such as the initial concentration, adsorbent dosage, initial pH, contact time and temperature on adsorption propertiesof cationic red X-GRL onto GO. The Langmuir and Freundlich models were used to fit the experimental data of adsorptionisotherms. The k...
Autori: Jiankun Sun
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26570

ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY: AN INTERNATIONAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe hotel industry constitutes a major sector of the wider tourism industry and, in common with other industries, hospitalityoperations inevitably entail environmental impacts. Requirements for corporate financial reporting are commonplace, but publicdisclosure of the environmental effects of organizations economic actions - referred to as environmental reporting whilegenerally only a voluntary commitment offers a potentially valuable contribution towards assessing the industrys glob...
Autori: Patricia Milans-Montero
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26572

GEOSTATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF THE CAUSES OF ENVIRONMENTAL NOISE IN SPAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe problem of noise levels in the home is of increasing interest for reasons of health and psychological well-being, amongothers. This study analyses in detail the meta-data compiled in the Spanish Census of Population and Housing, which provideddata on a large number of environmental variables, including noise pollution in the home. A geostatistical study is conductedfrom the data provided by the latter survey, in which spatial autocorrelation is measured by analytical techniques by us...
Autori: Mara-Dolores Huete-Morales
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26575

REMOVAL OF AROMATIC COMPOUNDS FROM WASTEWATER BY HEMOGLOBIN SOLUBLE AND IMMOBILIZED ON EUPERGIT CM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 10
AbstractThe potential application of methemoglobin from bovine blood to remove aromatic compounds in the presence of hydrogenperoxide has been evaluated. The organic compounds herein tested include phenols, amines or hydrocarbons, which arepollutants deriving from different industries and display high persistence and toxicity in waters. The oxidative process has beencharacterized by soluble hemoglobin and immobilized on Eupergit CM, using 4-chlorophenol as a model substrate. Theobtained ...
Autori: Mara Teresa Prez-Prior
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26580

ESTIMATING NATIONAL WILDFIRE EMISSIONS FOR THE LAST DECADE IN TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Wildfire emissions are a major contributor of atmospheric gaseous and particulate pollutants for local air pollution levels. With respect to wildfires, Turkey faces one of Europe’s most severe problems during summer. In this study, a database which holds data for wildfire emissions in Turkey for the last decade (between 2000 and 2009) was established in order to create a wildfire emissions inventory. The emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2), carbon monoxide (CO), methane (CH4), n...
Autori: Faruk Dincer
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26584

ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY IN FORESTS FROM BUCHAREST METROPOLITAN AREA, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract The assessment of heavy metals pollution using Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. as an indicator species was performed for forests from Bucharest metropolitan area. This study aims to provide original data concerning environmental quality in relation to the intensity of car traffic. Metal concentrations in Xanthoria parietina measured in sites adjacent to roads were compared with those measured at a distance from traffic. The results show significant correlations between the Cd and C...
Autori: Ioana Vicol
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26593

TAKAGI-SUGENO ALGORITHM FOR GLOBAL SOLAR IRRADIATION USING AIR TEMPERATURE DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Air temperature is certainly the most measured surface meteorological parameter and accurate forecasting of air temperature is usually performed worldwide. This fact inspired the idea that a predicted value of air temperature may be used as input in solar radiation air temperature-based models, aiming to generate the reference solar radiation year or to forecast solar irradiation. Following this, a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model for estimating global solar irradiation via air temperature...
Autori: Remus Şt. Boata
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26599

SCREENING THE WEEKDAYS/WEEKEND PATTERNS OF AIR POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS RECORDED IN SOUTHEASTERN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract Some of the major stressors of air quality in the urban areas are nitrogen oxides, ozone and suspended particles. The effect of air pollution on respiratory diseases can increase considerably at high levels of pollution and might trigger asthma symptoms. Longterm exposure can increase the rate of respiratory infections and symptoms at population level, but particularly in children. The goal was to analyze with statistical techniques the pollutant concentrations (NO, NO2, and SO2) re...
Autori: Daniel Dunea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26605

PARTICULATE MATTER STATUS IN ROMANIAN URBAN AREAS: PM10 POLLUTION LEVELS IN BUCHAREST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract In the present study, the results of PM10 pollution levels assessment in the most populated town from Romania, namely Bucharest, the capital of the country are presented for a 10 years period, 2004 – 2013, respectively, with the aim of emphasizing the progress recorded after the implementation of Directive 2004/107/EC and Directive 2008/50/EC provisions. Data were collected from 8 monitoring stations located in different areas of Bucharest. PM10, Cd, Pb and Ni from PM10 averag...
Autori: Marian Proorocu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26606

IMPLEMENTATION OF GREEN MARKETING IN THE ANALYSIS OF MUNICIPAL WASTE PRODUCED IN ROMANIA, CORRELATED WITH ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 13Nr. 12
Abstract This study has an exploratory character, aiming to perform an analysis of the manner to approach the green marketing and the activity of selective collection of waste in Romania. The objectives of this study are indissolubly linked to the fact that currently, Romania does not develop a marketing strategy in terms of waste management. By processing data regarding the municipal waste situation from national and European level, we aim to provide a picture of the actual situation, based...
Autori: Florin Alexandru Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26608

KINETIC MODELING OF DIESEL OIL WASTEWATER DEGRADATION USING PHOTO-FENTON PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The objective of this study is to develop a mathematical model which would confidently predict the rate of substrate degradation of an oil-water emulsion in a laboratory-scale completely-mixed continuous flow reactor using the photo-Fenton treatment process. Two models are developed from first principles and the predicted substrate removal rates for both models are compared with experimental data. The principal conclusions of the study are that both models produce good correlations ...
Autori: Maha A. Tony
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26613

BATCH AND COLUMN REMOVAL OF CHROMIUM (VI) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING POLYPYRROLE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract The present study deals with the removal of Cr (VI) from aqueous solution by polypyrrole (PPy). Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for the design and analysis of experiments in the optimization of pH, temperature, initial concentration, contact time and adsorbent dose during the removal of the Cr (VI). The optimum adsorbent dose, temperature, initial concentration of Cr (VI), pH and contact time were found to be 0.8 g, 46.5 oC, 187.5 mg/L, 5.3 and 15.4 min respectively. ...
Autori: Ehsan Hasani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26614

ELUCIDATING CHARACTERISTICS OF GEOPOLYMER WITH SOLAR PANEL WASTE GLASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract This study examined the characteristics of geopolymer with solar panel waste glass. After 28 days of curing, the compressive strengths of the geopolymer samples containing 10 mass % and 20 mass % solar panel waste glass were 63.3± 1.8 and 49.1 ± 2.2 MPa, respectively. The geopolymer sample with 10% solar panel waste glass exhibited a stronger reaction than that with 20% solar panel waste glass, and the strength decreased as the amount of solar panel waste glass increas...
Autori: HuiCong Hao
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26621

ADSORPTION PROPERTIES OF ACTIVATED CARBON FROM WILD PLANT PREPARED BY CHEMICAL ACTIVATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Activated carbon was prepared from renewable plant material, that is Euphorbia rigida, by chemical activation using zinc chloride as activating reagents. The adsorption of Basic Blue 9 (BB9) onto activated carbon was investigated in a batch system with respect to contact time, pH and temperature from aqueous solutions. The experimental data indicated that the adsorption isotherms are well described by the Langmuir isotherm model and the calculated maximum adsorption capacity of acti...
Autori: zgl Gerel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26627

ESTIMATING CROWN CLOSURE OF FOREST STANDS USING LANDSAT TM DATA: A CASE STUDY FROM TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract Remote sensing data has been broadly used in assessing and monitoring natural resources. Monitoring forest resources with Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and other fine resolution sensors has become a challenging work in a wide variety of forest applications. In this paper, the relationships between stand crown closure with spectral reflectance values and some vegetation indices (VIs) obtained from Landsat TM were investigated in a case study area. The Pearson correlation and multiple ...
Autori: Alkan Gnl
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26631

FORECASTING THE PRESENCE OF Ca2+ AND Mg2+ CATIONS IN MINERAL WATERS. A MODEL BASED ON FUZZY LOGIC
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 1
Abstract This paper aims to develop the theoretical framework and the applicative implementation of a new analysis method, which has the purpose of determining and classifying mineral waters in Romania and Europe, with the use of mathematical modelling and fuzzy logic. Firstly, the article underlines the properties of mineral waters in terms of curative effects, particularly the role of Ca2+ and Mg2+ upon the human metabolism. The values of these two chemical elements will constitute an inde...
Autori: Alina Stefanache
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26635

LAYERED DOUBLE HYDROXIDES AS ADSORBENTS FOR ANIONIC DYE REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Reactive Blue 19 (RB 19) dye removal from aqueous solutions by using layered double hydroxides containing nitrate as the intergallery anion (MgAlLDH) as adsorbents was investigated. The adsorption process was found to be influenced by the contact time, the initial dye concentration, the presence of inorganic anions and the temperature. The XRD and FTIR analysis evidence two competitive processes: adsorption and/or intercalation of the molecules may take place, depending on the initi...
Autori: Maria Celina Alexandrica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26651

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PREHYDROLYSIS METHODS FOR VEGETAL MATERIALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract This paper presents the results obtained using the prehydrolysis treatments of rapeseed stalks depending on regime and the catalyst. The vegetal materials were subjected under different temperature conditions and then characterized for the yield reducing substances. The differences between samples have been established by using FTIR and depend on the successive hydrolytic treatments of dynamic and static regime in the presence of various catalysts. The experimental data show that th...
Autori: Corina Măluţan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26654

DISTRIBUTION OF OXYGEN TRANSFER RATES IN STIRRED BIOREACTOR FOR DIFFERENT FERMENTATION BROTHS - OXYGEN-VECTOR DISPERSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract The oxygen transfer into the fermentation broths could be improved in presence of oxygen-vectors, without intensification of mixing or aeration. The experimental results for simulated, P. shermanii and S. cerevisiae broths indicated the significant increase of kLa, by adding n-dodecane, but the magnitude of this effect depends especially on the cells affinity for hydrocarbon droplets. Therefore, due to the higher affinity of yeasts cells for hydrocarbon droplets during their entire ...
Autori: Anca Irina Galaction
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26657

BIOSORPTION OF ANTIMONY BY BROWN ALGAE S. muticum AND A. nodosum
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 2
Abstract Environmental contamination by antimony has been described as a critical issue in many articles. In this study, the Sb(III) removal by two brown algae, Sargassum muticum and Aschophylum nodosum, has been tested. Algae were collected in Viana do Castelo beach (Portugal). Preliminary tests were carried out and, based on the results, Sargassum muticum was chosen for subsequent experiments. Kinetic data were described by pseudo second order model. After about four hours contact time the...
Autori: Gabriela Ungureanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26659

ADSORPTION EQUILIBRIUM AND EFFECTIVE DIFFUSIVITY IN CYLINDRICAL ALUMINA PARTICLES IMPREGNATED WITH CALCIUM CHLORIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract Adsorption equilibrium and effective diffusion coefficients of water vapor, in cylindrical particles of activated alumina (A) and activated alumina impregnated with calcium chloride (MCA), are experimentally determined. The experiments were conducted at 303 K and 323 K using cylindrical particles with 2.5 mm in both length and diameter. Diffusion coefficients were determined from the kinetics of water sorption. The measurements were conducted in a constant pressure unit based on a m...
Autori: Eugenia Teodora Iacob Tudose
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26665

DESIGN AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF A PLANT FOR GLYCEROL CONVERSION TO ACROLEIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The development of biodiesel industry in the recent past brought into discussion the valorization of glycerol as the byproduct of this technology. Dehydration of glycerol leads to acrolein, mainly used as a raw material in the production of acrylic acid and its esters. Several research efforts dealing with the synthesis of acrolein from glycerol are reported in the literature. However, they are limited to catalyst testing on laboratory scale, no attention being paid to the process f...
Autori: Ionut Banu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26666

EQUILIBRIUM PERFORMANCES OF CRYSTAL-RIGHTTM CR100 ZEOLITE USED IN WATER SOFTENING PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract The present work investigates the performance of Cristal-RightTM CR100 zeolite based on the equilibrium and thermodynamics water softening process. The commercial zeolite was characterized by scanning electron microscopy combined with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and FT-IR spectroscopy. The equilibrium performances of zeolite were evaluated by the sorption capacity of calcium cations from calcium chloride solutions varying the calcium concentrations corresponding to moderate...
Autori: Liliana Lazăr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26670

GRIDDED POPULATION DISTRIBUTION MAP FOR THE HEBEI PROVINCE OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 3
Abstract Mapping the distribution of populations has become an important issue in geographical and relative researchers. Combining population and spatial data allows for socio-graphic information to be visualized, in order to evaluate the total numbers of people at risk of environmental health hazards, who have died in natural disasters etc. Therefore, spatial distribution of population data is an effective way to integrate statistical and spatial data. This paper presents a multi-factor dat...
Autori: Yu Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26686

A FUZZY NON-RADIAL DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS (DEA) APPROACH TO MEASURE REGIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Data envelopment analysis (DEA) has been recently utilized as a multiple criteria tool for environmental performance evaluation by incorporating undesirable outputs. Most DEA models to measure environmental performance follows the assumptions of crisp data and radial measures. In this paper, we present a fuzzy non-radial DEA approach with Russell measure for environmental performance evaluation. A pair of bi-level mathematical programs is formulated to calculate the lower and upper ...
Autori: Zhongbao Zhou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26691

BIODEMINERALIZATION OF SHRIMP SHELL VIA AEROBIC AND ANAEROBIC CONDITIONS: GROWTH KINETIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In the process of chitin extraction, shrimp shell powder was treated by Lactobacillus plantarum culture. The efficiency of microbial demineralization (DM) under aerobic and anaerobic conditions was investigated. The shrimp shell powder was incubated at 30 °C for 6 days with L. plantarum. In order to prepare microbial culture, inoculums size was 5% for culture inoculation. Date syrup with total reduce sugar concentration of 30 g.L-1 was used. The value of pH in anaerobic conditio...
Autori: Marjan Khorrami
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26692

VALIDATION OF THE SWAN MODEL FOR THE INFLUENCE OF OPPOSITE CURRENTS ON THE WAVE SPECTRA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In many coastal areas strong currents may occur from tidal effects, rivers discharges and high waves breaking due to abrupt changes in local topography. The modification of the wave fields by currents and vice versa need to be predicted by reliable nonlinear numerical models, when wave and current coexist along and around the approach tracks of the ports and harbors, or in the areas of ongoing offshore and coastal developments, or in areas subjected to intense navigation. Various wa...
Autori: Angela Ivan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26695

INNOVATIVE BIOSORBENT FOR THE REMOVAL OF CADMIUM IONS FROM WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract In the present work, the removal of cadmium ions from aqueous solution using an agricultural waste as biosorbent, namely trunk palm fibers was investigated. The adsorption equilibrium and kinetics for this system were studied. Four adsorption models were applied to understand the nature of the adsorption process. Freundlich adsorption isotherm was found to best fit the experimental data. The maximum adsorption capacity was found to be 23.8 mg/g. The adsorption process was found to b...
Autori: Hosam Altaher
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26699

COMBINATION OF ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORKS AND GENETIC ALGORITHM - GAMMA TEST METHOD IN PREDICTION OF ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract This paper proposes an expert system based on Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) to model road traffic noise. Feed-Forward Neural Networks (FFNNs) that are trained with the Levenberg-Marquardt back-propagation algorithm were used. Models were evaluated using mean squared error (MSE) and coefficient of determination (R2) as statistical performance parameters. In traffic noise modelling, the noise level at a receptor position due to the source of traffic emission is modelled as a funct...
Autori: Leila Khouban
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26700

STUDY OF AIR POLLUTION IN BUCHAREST, ROMANIA DURING 2005 - 2007
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract The main purpose of this paper is to assess the concentration levels of pollutants at six urban sites in Bucharest, Romania in order to draw conclusions on their temporal variability in different sources and under different meteorological conditions. The analysis of measured pollutant concentrations (NOx, NO2, CO, PM10) runs over three years: 2005, 2006 and 2007, and uses data from the network of monitoring stations of Environmental Protection Agency of Bucharest, which was establis...
Autori: Sabina Stefan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26701

REMOVAL OF Pb(II) AND Cu(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY Chlamydomonas reinhardtii: INFRARED AND THERMAL ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract The removal efficiency of algal biomass Chlamydomonas reinhardtii for Pb and Cu metal ions was evaluated in single and binary metal systems. Biosorption experiments were performed in solutions containing 0.2 g L-1 of algal biomass at 30oC and pH 6. Initial metal ion concentrations ranged from 10-7 M to 10-6 M. Thermal analysis of the biosorbent indicated that algal cells are composed of groups containing C, H, N, and S. The presence of ionisable functional groups responsible for bio...
Autori: Roula Flouty
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26709

APPLICATION OF Mangifera indica SEED SHELL FOR EFFECTIVE ADSORPTION OF Fe(II) AND Mn(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract Adsorption has proved to be an excellent way to treat industrial wastewater, due to its significant advantages like easy availability, inexpensive, ease of operation and highly efficient, compared to conventional expensive adsorbents like activated charcoal, alumina etc. The present investigation focused on utilization of Mangifera indica seed shell substrate for the removal of toxic heavy metals like Fe(II) and Mn(II) from wastewater. Mangifera indica seed shell substrate as an eff...
Autori: Tikaram D. Kose
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26713

THE ROLE OF AGRI-ENVIRONMENT SCHEMES IN FARM ECONOMIC SUSTAINABILITY FROM HIGH NATURAL VALUE TRANSYLVANIAN AREAS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 4
Abstract The paper investigates the role of the Common Agriculture Policy support in the economic sustainability of sheep breeding farms from North-Western Romania (Transylvania), focusing particularly on the Agri-Environment Schemes (AES). The region has important High Natural Value (HNV) grassland areas significant for bio-conservation. To analyze their importance in the overall economic viability, individual data was collected from 207 farms using a stratified sample. A principal componen...
Autori: Mugurel I. Jitea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26716

REMOVAL OF 2,4 DICHLOROPHENOL FROM WASTEWATER ON COST-EFFECTIVE SORBENTS: KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMICS INVESTIGATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Maximum removal (94±1.2%) of 2, 4 dichlorophenol (50 mg.dm-3) was achieved on silica with agitation of 4 hours, at pH 8 and 42°C. The positive enthalpy (ΔH) and negative free energy values (ΔG315K) suggested the endothermic and a spontaneous nature of sorption. The free energy of the process at all temperature was negative and increased with the increase in temperature. The values of free energy suggested a spontaneous process where the spontaneity decreased w...
Autori: Abdul Ghaffar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26718

THE PHYTOPLANKTON COMPOSITION FEATURES OF FIVE ROMANIAN PELOGENOUS ECOSYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Planktonic algal samples were collected from lakes with different salinity (Salt Lake Brăila, Amara Lake, Fundata Lake, Techirghiol Lake and Black Lake-Sovata), in which mud used in balneary therapy is formed. A total of 189 species were recorded: 35 Cyanobacteria, 10 Euglenophyceae, 96 Bacillariophyceae, 33 Chlorophyceae, 3 Chrysophyceae, 2 Cryptophyceae, 1 Xantophyceae and 9 Dinophyceae. The highest number of phytoplankton species was recorded in Techirghiol lake (127 species...
Autori: Liana Gheorghievici
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26719

STUDIES ON GLUTARALDEHYDE CROSSLINKED XANTHATED CHITOSAN TOWARDS THE REMOVAL OF MERCURY (II) FROM CONTAMINATED WATER STREAMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Chitosan was cross linked with gluteraldehyde and chemically modified by introducing xanthate group onto its backbone using carbon disulfide under alkaline conditions. This crosslinked xanthated chitosan flakes (XC) was used as an adsorbent for the removal of mercury ions from contaminated water streams near the coal mines. XC was found to be far more efficient than the conventionally used adsorbent activated carbon. FTIR studies indicated the interaction both amine and the xanthate...
Autori: Avinash Gupta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26725

ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF METHYLENE BLUE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY PUMICE POWDER: PROCESS MODELLING AND KINETIC EVALUATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract This study was carried out to investigate the adsorption of methylene blue (MB) onto pumice powder, as a low-cost adsorbent for the removal of dyes. The experiments were designed based on a central composite design (CCD) and the process was analyzed and modeled using response surface methodology (RSM). In order to study the adsorption process, three important factors viz. pumice dosage (20- 50 mg/50mL), MB concentration (20-40 mg/l) and contact times (5- 35 min) were chosen as varia...
Autori: Kiomars Sharafi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26729

DETERMINATION OF EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC PARAMETERS OF ACID RED 88 ADSORPTION ONTO MONTMORILLONITIC CLAY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate adsorption kinetics, isotherms and thermodynamic parameters of anionic textile dye (Acid Red 88) onto montmorillonitic clay from aqueous solutions. The parameters of pH, initial dye concentrations, temperature, and the adsorbent dosage were investigated experimentally. Four kinetic models including pseudo-second order, pseudo-nth order, Bangham’s equation and double exponential equation (DEE) were selected to follow the adsorption process. ...
Autori: Sedef Dikmen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26731

AN EFFICIENT ACTIVATED SLUDGE MODEL FOR OPERATOR SUPPORT IN PAPER MILL WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract In paper processes, the variability of effluent composition and flow is impossible to predict and generally depends on the type of production method used and the manufacturing breakdowns suffered. Wastewater treatment plant operators find it difficult to maintain the efficiency of biological treatment processes. This paper focuses on activated sludge treatment modelling of paper mill wastewater to provide operators with additional support. Based on both standard activated sludge mod...
Autori: Catherine Cadet
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26732

COMPARISON OF PARTICLE-SIZE ANALYZING LABORATORY METHODS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Particle size distribution is one of the most influential factors of most soil physical and even some soil chemical characteristics. As modern measurement techniques are being introduced, the need for comparing new methods with older methodologies arises because comparability means data continuity. Here, three institutes conducted a comparison of particle size measurement among the laser, areometer and pipette techniques. The purpose of the comparison was to a) discover any differen...
Autori: Csaba Centeri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26733

SOCIAL PERCEPTION OF PASSIVE POLLUTION BY ASBESTOS IN DARABANI TOWN, BOTOŞANI COUNTY, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Social perception is a tool widely used in the environment research, due to the emphasis put on the one hand on the human component, as an important factor in the development of society, and on the other hand on the man-environment interaction of the past decades. The aim of the present study is to assess the population concern about the environment, and particularly about the use of asbestos (a material partly forbidden in Romania since 2007), for construction purposes. The case st...
Autori: Elena Matei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26734

OPTIMIZATION OF ULTRASONIC EXTRACTION CONDITIONS FOR EXCESS SLUDGE PROTEIN USING RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Response surface methodology and central composite experimental design were used to model and optimize the operational parameters of the excess sludge protein extraction yield by ultrasonic wave-assisted extraction. The three variables involved in this research were the ultrasonic extraction time, pH, and temperature. In the range studied, statistical analysis of the results showed that selected variables had a significant effect on protein extraction yield. The optimized extraction...
Autori: Yulin Xiang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26736

A NEW KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC APPROACH TO PHENOL BIOSORPTION BY CHITOSAN AND KERATIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 5
Abstract Chitosan and keratin were tested as low cost biosorbents to remove phenol from water solutions at variable temperature (20- 50°C), initial phenol concentration (10-90 mg L-1) and pH (5.0-10.0), and fixed biosorbent dosage (10 g L-1). The pseudo-second order kinetic model exhibited the best fit to the experimental data and allowed estimating theoretical values of sorption capacity of 4.51 mg g-1 with keratin and 2.87 mg g-1 with chitosan. Equilibrium isotherms, described at best ...
Autori: Attilio Converti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26743

MODELING THE MIXING PROCESS OF INDUSTRIAL AND DOMESTIC WASTEWATER SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract An experimental study of mixing in autoclave vessel equipped with an anchor impeller was performed on the sludge proceeding from the treatment of mixed municipal and industrial wastewater. This unit operation is part of a process for the recovery of sludge. The mathematical modelling of the mixing was done having in view the scaling-up of this process. The mathematical model allows the calculation of the mixing power N as a function of the impeller diameter d, the vessel diameter D,...
Autori: Ancaelena Eliza Sterpu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26744

PREPARATION, CHARACTERIZATION AND ADSORPTION PROPERTIES OF MFe2O4 (M = Ni, Co, Cu) NANOPOWDERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract MFe2O4 nanopowders (M = Ni, Co, Cu) were prepared using the precursor technique, starting from the corresponding metal nitrates and poly(vinyl alcohol)-PVA. During the heating of metal nitrates- PVA solution, a redox reaction takes place around 150°C, leading to the formation of M(II) and Fe(III) carboxylates. These compounds were used as precursors for the ferrites nanopowders. The desired ferrites were obtained by thermal decomposition of the carboxylates; the obtained...
Autori: Marcela Stoia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26745

EVALUATION OF CARBON DIOXIDE AND METHANE EMISSION FROM CLUJ-NAPOCA MUNICIPAL LANDFILL, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The municipal waste landfills are known as important anthropogenic sources of methane and carbon dioxide being the most important greenhouse gases. The present study estimates the methane and carbon dioxide emission from the municipal open dump landfill of Cluj-Napoca (Romania). Two different methods were used: the first method was based on in situ measurements, using the closed chamber technique and the second one was based on the 2006 IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chan...
Autori: Gabriela-Emilia Popiţa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26761

EXTREME RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY (ERAM) IN AVIATION SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The research is focused on the relationship between aviation systems and extreme terrorist events, the impacts of such events, and the solutions to manage the associated risks on medium and long term. The development of predictive models for extremeasymmetric events in aviation (EAEA) still represents an emerging direction of interdisciplinary research because not all mechanisms and interactions are understood. The testing of models is difficult due to lack of data and interpretatio...
Autori: Catalin Cioaca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26762

ANALYSIS OF THE ROMANIAN PACKAGING WASTE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 6
Abstract The aim of this study is to analyse Romanian situation regarding packaging waste generated and to find out how the targets imposed after integration were accomplished, based on data collected and published by Eurostat, as well by other publications. The municipal solid waste collection practice in Romania is based on mixed collection (approximately 96% of waste generated), without or with minor sorting at source. Waste recovery is applied to small percentages and only for certain ca...
Autori: Carmen Luiza Costuleanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26764

COST-EFFECTIVE TECHNOLOGIES TO CONTROL INDOOR AIR QUALITY AND COMFORT IN ENERGY EFFICIENT BUILDING RETROFITTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper presents a toolset for the efficient control of the indoor air quality and thermal comfort in retrofitted buildings. The refurbishment of existing buildings, compliant to actual regulations, often leads to airtightness and the consequent poor conditions for the occupants that could cause low productivity and even sickness. For this reason, the CETIEB (Cost Effective Tools for Better Indoor Environment in Retrofitted Energy Efficient Buildings) project developed innovative...
Autori: Gian Marco Revel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26770

THE EXPERIENCE OF THE FIRST INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS PLATFORM IN ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper reports the activity, promoted by the Italian agency for new technologies, energy and sustainable economic development (ENEA), in the framework of the project for the development and implementation of the first Italian Platform for Industrial Symbiosis implemented in Sicily (2011-2015). The goals of the project were: to provide a methodology and an instrument for industrial symbiosis implementation at regional scale, to implement a IS Platform as a support to SMEs to ind...
Autori: Laura Cutaia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26774

AROMATIC HYDROCARBON LEVELS AND PM2.5 CHARACTERIZATION IN ROME URBAN AREA: PRELIMINARY RESULTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The preliminary results of aromatic hydrocarbon (AR) levels and PM2.5 physico-chemical characterization in Rome urban air throughout the 2014 are reported. A gas chromatograph was used for continuous measurements of AR concentrations with 30 minute time intervals. PM2.5 was collected by PM swam Dual Channel. Metal content was determined by ICP-MS. Single particle characterization was performed by Scanning Electron Microscopy equipped with a thin window system for X-ray microanalysis...
Autori: Carla Fanizza
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26780

LIQUID INJECTION TO ENHANCE BIOGAS PRODUCTION IN LANDFILLS FOR PRETREATED MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES - BIO.LEA.R. PROJECT (LIFE+ PROGRAM)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The Bio.Lea.R project aims to demonstrate the performance of a landfill for less reactive, biologically treated waste (pretreated organic wastes) compared to a conventionally managed landfill, with regard to both environmental (biogas and leachate production) and economic aspects. The objective is to control the pretreated biodegradable waste through a liquid injection in order to achieve the same biogas quantity in a shorter time than in conventional landfill. Laboratory and full ...
Autori: Alberto Godio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26784

INTERSECTORIAL REUSE OF WASTE AND SCRAPS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF BUILDING PRODUCTS: STRATEGIES AND VALORIZATION OF WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract The European Commission has introduced a whole range of policies and initiatives to promote the product eco-innovation and the environmental impacts reductions. One of the key topic for the reduction of the environmental impacts is the waste recycling and reuse (turning waste into useful resources). A teamwork of Politecnico di Milano has developed a research work, still ongoing and continuously updated, called “The usefulness of the useless. Cross-sectorial evaluation of wast...
Autori: Marco Migliore
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26788

DEALING WITH LCA MODELING FOR THE END OF LIFE OF MECHATRONIC PRODUCTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 7
Abstract This paper discusses end-of-life (EoL) modeling issues in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), through the application to a domestic cooker hood. Two EoL approaches are applied and discussed, namely the avoided burden and the one recommended by the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Guide, presently under testing. While no case studies on PEF application have been published yet, to the best of our knowledge, the scientific community is questioning the robustness and relevance of some me...
Autori: Francesca Reale
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26790

FUZZY MULTI-OBJECTIVE MODEL FOR SUPPLIER SELECTION CONSIDERING MULTIPLE PRODUCTS IN LOW CARBON SUPPLY CHAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Today companies are facing more and more with pressures for reducing carbon emissions, as a consequence of the development of the green movement and because materials continue to generate very large impacts on carbon emissions. In this context, supplier selection is one of the most vital components in purchasing management, which becomes more and more important. However, most of the earlier researchers have not paid enough attention to supplier selection in low carbon supply chain. ...
Autori: Wei Pan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26799

DYNAMICS ANALYSIS OF A MICROBIAL FUEL CELL SYSTEM AND PID CONTROL OF ITS POWER AND CURRENT BASED ON THE CRITICAL PROPORTION DEGREE METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract In this paper, the structure and working principles of a microbial fuel cell (MFC) are analysed, and a mathematical simulation model of MFCs is established based on the electrochemical equation, kinetic equation and material balance equation of a MFC. A simulation analysis and discussions are conducted in a MATLAB environment to investigate the effect of acetate concentration, influent flow and external resistance on the performance of a MFC system. The simulation model is demonstra...
Autori: Aimin An
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26803

INDUSTRIAL ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EMISSION REDUCTION TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract For the purpose of evaluating the effect of environmental regulations addressing Energy Conservation and Emission Reduction (ECER) on Chinese industry, this paper introduces a non-radial, non-oriented and slacks-based data envelopment analysis (DEA) model, energy conservation and undesirable output reduction slacks-based Malmquist index (EUSM index) and its decompositions. This model can simultaneously measure energy and non-energy inputs along with pollutant emissions in addition t...
Autori: Jing Xiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26805

INFLUENCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT OF THE COASTAL AREA IN JIAOZHOU BAY OF CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Jiaozhou Bay, a shallow semi-closed bay surrounded by Qingdao City, has become one of the most important industrial zones in Shandong Peninsula, China. The sound development of Jiaozhou Bay is crucial to the Qingdao regional economy and ecosystem, but rapid urbanization and industrialization of Qingdao have imposed numerous environmental stresses on Jiaozhou Bay. The influence of anthropogenic activities on the environment of Jiaozhou Bay is discussed based on satellite images, bath...
Autori: Zhao Jun Song
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26811

PATH OPTIMIZATION OF CHINESE ALUMINUM CORPORATION FOR A CIRCULAR ECONOMY STRATEGY BASED ON A RESOURCE VALUE FLOW MODEL: A CASE STUDY OF CHINALCO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract The objective of this paper is to propose an optimal path for a circular economy strategy of Aluminum Corporation of China (CHINALCO) by constructing a circular economy evaluation model. Based on CHINALCO’s resource circulation and the regularity of material balance, and by depicting the value information in the process of resource input, consumption, output and waste, we build a comprehensive evaluation model for the enterprise circular economy - a resource value flow equatio...
Autori: Fei Xiong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26815

WETLAND OF INTERNATIONAL IMPORTANCE: THE BRAILA SMALL ISLAND EXPOSED TO NOISE POLLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 8
Abstract Braila Small Island is situated on the Danube, in Braila County, Romania being considered a protected area, in the category V IUCN - Natural Parks. Because of aggressive tourism, inappropriate behaviour of the tourists as well as of the residents, as well as of the fact that the navigation channels are open and the transit is made by engine boats, the whole ecosystem is endangered by noise pollution. The purpose of this paper is to determine the level of the noise pollution emerging...
Autori: Mihaela Picu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26823

ICT INFRASTRUCTURE FOR EFFICIENT WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT: TOWARDS HARMONIZATION OF A FRAGMENTED FIELD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The problem of monitoring and controlling the complex and heterogeneous water distribution networks in urban environments is not new. Existing solutions include high-resilience and availability of telemetry systems where a wired or less often wireless backbone is connecting heterogeneous field devices to a centralized control centre. In the control centre, the administrative personnel of the utility are offered an overview of the system status, presented with possible alarms and may...
Autori: Athanasia Tsertou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26825

MERGING EARTH OBSERVATION DATA, WEATHER PREDICTIONS, IN-SITU MEASUREMENTS AND HYDROLOGICAL MODELS FOR WATER INFORMATION SERVICES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract There is an increasing variety of hydrometeorological information sources available for operational water management. These comprise in-situ measurements, Earth Observation, meteorological models, and hydrological models. The effective use of all these information sources together is challenged by two aspects. First, there is an information and communication technology (ICT) challenge of acquiring, processing, merging, and presenting the various data streams operationally. Secondly,...
Autori: Isnaeni M. Hartanto
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26827

LAYERED MACHINE LEARNING FOR SHORT-TERM WATER DEMAND FORECASTING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Water Distribution Networks (WDN) are large-scale systems whose management is a complex task, with increasing environmental and socio-economic implications worldwide, and with a renewed considerable attention by all stakeholders: local authorities, regulators, environmental groups and the scientific community. WDM managers need to reliably estimate the water demand in the short-term (typically 1 day ahead), in order to operate their reservoirs and treatment plants appropriately to ...
Autori: Antonio Candelieri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26830

APPLICATION OF A WEB-BASED DECISION SUPPORT SYSTEM FOR WATER SUPPLY NETWORKS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Decision support systems (DSS) have been wildly developed in the recent decades, in various areas of decision making. In the 21st century, the advances in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) have brought the era of cloud computing, in which network-distributed resources (simulation and optimization models, data, etc.) are integrated in decision support applications. The aim of the present article is to present the application of web-based decision support systems (WBDSS) ...
Autori: Quan Pan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26832

DATA SCIENCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT IN SMART CITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Urban environments present unique opportunities for developing new system architectures and applications aligned with the “Internet of things” paradigm. The data sources are still largely provided by physical sensors and technical devices, albeit a significant role is already played (e.g. in environmental monitoring networks) by virtual or soft sensors provided by simulation models, while a growing role is being played by human data generated thru participatory platforms...
Autori: Francesco Archetti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26833

IMPACT OF BRUNAUER EMMETT TELLER ISOTHERM ON RESEARCH IN SCIENCE CITATION INDEX EXPANDED
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract A bibliometric analysis along with a brief historical and modifications overview and scientific applications was carried out to reveal the impact of Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) isotherm on scientific research. The data was based on the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED) database of the Thomson Reuters Web of Science. BET isotherm received a total of 10,418 citations from its publication to 2012. Among them, 9,117 (88%) were research articles by 20,108 authors with 95% m...
Autori: Moonis Ali Khan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26839

IMPLICATIONS OF WIND POWER GENERATION: PERCEPTIONS OF PEOPLE EXPOSED TO TURBINE NOISE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract The current study aims at analyzing the perceptions of people exposed to wind turbine noise. Noise measurements were carried out in a wind farm in the north of Portugal and the data were analyzed and crossed with the answers to a survey applied in four nearby villages. It was concluded that the direct visibility of the wind turbines from the respondents’ houses seems to affect the reported annoyance due to noise exposure. Besides, there is a significant relationship between th...
Autori: Pedro M. Arezes
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26845

HYDROLOGICAL EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL DRAINAGE IN LOWLAND RIVER CATCHMENTS IN LITHUANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Although in Lithuania artificial land drainage is a common water management practice, there are still concerns about its downstream hydrological effects. Due to the complexity of flow driving factors, the hydrological effect of drainage is very uncertain, making it difficult to determine its relative importance. Aiming to distinguish between the influence of drainage and other factors in this study, the extent of changes of twenty hydrologic variables (flow magnitude, frequency, dur...
Autori: Arvydas Povilaitis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26848

INCLUDING SOLAR PANELS ON PARKING AREAS IN THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT CONCEPT. WIND EFFECTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 9
Abstract Solar energy is one of the most important renewable resources due to its unique set of advantages. In urban configurations, wide open spaces used for parking areas close to malls, stadiums and industrial areas become justified challenges in revaluating them by placing solar panels on their wide roofs. The paper is a first attempt that reflects the scientific interest in the particularities of wind action upon the solar panels sustained by structural framed elements and which cover ...
Autori: Elena Axinte
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26849

STUDY OF PRESSURE DROP IN FIXED, FLUIDIZED AND SPOUTED BED OF SEVERAL ADSORBENT MATERIALS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract An experimental study on the hydrodynamics of fixed, fluidized and spouted granular bed was performed. With this aim two commercial adsorbent materials and a composite material obtained by impregnation with a hygroscopic inorganic salt were employed. The fluid phase consisted in dry air. The obtained results highlight the influence of grain size, material density and roughness over pressure drop and gas velocity. Increasing grain size leads to decreasing pressure drop and increasing...
Autori: Ioan Solomon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26854

OPTIMIZATION OF PROCESS VARIABLES TO MAXIMIZE THE PERCENT OF IRON REMOVAL FROM 34% CaCl2 SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract This work presents the optimization of process variables to maximize the percent of Fe (II) removal, R (%), by chelating resin Purolite S930 from 34% CaCl2 solutions. To study the combined effect of the initial solution pH, initial Fe (II) concentration and resin dosage was used a 23 orthogonal central composite design and Response Surface Methodology (RSM) for analysis of experimental data. To optimize the regression equation was used The Gradient method. The study discovered that ...
Autori: Camelia Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26856

URBAN FOREST CANOPY EXTRACTION USING LIDAR DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Urban Tree Canopy (UTC) is an important asset in the urban ecological system by reducing the heat, runoff and improving air quality. Estimating the available urban tree canopy is important for decision makers for better understanding of urban ecosystems and helps to improve environmental quality and human health in urban areas and plan conservation activities. This paper reports on an object-oriented tree extraction method developed by using spectral and textural information of High...
Autori: Muneeswaran Mariappan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26858

SOCIAL COST OF FOSSIL-BASED ELECTRICITY GENERATION PLANTS IN IRAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract Energy costs not included in consumer utility invoices include human health problems triggered by air pollution from burning fossil fuels, and environmental degradation caused by global warming, acid rain, and water pollution. Such costs, peripheral to energy pricing, are called externalities because electricity producers and users do not pay for them directly. Society as a whole must pay. This pricing system masks the true costs of fossil-based electricity generation plants, result...
Autori: Hasan Karimzadegan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26862

OPTIMIZATION OF URBAN SELECTIVE WASTE COLLECTION ACTIVITY: GALATI CITY CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 10
Abstract The Waste Management activity (WM) is an urban action becoming more and more important in the municipal economy. In many cities, this activity is linked to significant revenues from the selective waste collection services. Because the current economic situation requires an increasing efficiency and profitability in order to succeed in cutting the operational costs, and as an important part of revenue comes from this selective waste collection activity, the effectiveness must be impr...
Autori: Gabriel Murariu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26872

ASSESSMENT OF POLLUTANTS INPUT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE AND DOMESTIC ACTIVITIES IN ARIES RIVER WATER, ROMANIA A CHEMOMETRIC APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract To assess the pollutants input of acid mine drainage (AMD) and domestic activities in Aries River, the water was monitored monthly, during one year, in 15 sampling points along the River. The dissolved metals (Ca, Mg, Na, K, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn), anions (SO42-, NO3- and Cl-), pH and electrical conductivity were analyzed. The obtained data were assessed against the water quality standards, Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. The results revealed the water...
Autori: Erika Andrea Levei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26881

INTEGRATION LEVEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES INTO THE COMPANY STRATEGIES. CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract As a result of the stakeholders’ growing pressure and global environmental challenges, many corporations across the world have to integrate environmental issues into their strategic decision-making system and operations function. The objective of this paper is to identify to what extent the activities regarding the environmental issues are successfully integrated into general and functional strategies of a multinational company from production field. We have analyzed these as...
Autori: Maria Mortan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26883

THE IMPACT OF TRAFFIC RELATED POLLUTION ON AIR QUALITY IN SIBIU REGION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Urban areas represent the main zones of anthropogenic emissions and, at the same time, includes the largest number of population exposed to air pollution. Data related to traffic hot spots locations in Sibiu urban areas are presented and discussed in this paper. It is important to assess the impact of changing climate conditions and concentration of pollutants, these aspects are of special interest because of high and increasing population of urban regions exposed to consequences of...
Autori: Valentin Petrescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26887

SURVEY ON HOUSEHOLD WASTE COMPOSITION GENERATED IN CLUJ-NAPOCA, ROMANIA DURING THE SUMMER SEASON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Waste management in Romania, in particular in Cluj-Napoca city, needs major improvements. By analyzing the results and implementation of waste composition studies which have been performed in different countries, it can be easily noticed that they can play a very important role in the planning stage of waste management, but also in the monitoring and evaluation of the process. Moreover, waste composition studies are an integrated part of waste management planning in developed countr...
Autori: Ioana Nicoleta Pop
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26888

USING GIS AS A SUPPORT TOOL FOR ASSESSING THE REMEDIATION METHODS APPLIED IN ACCIDENTAL OIL SPILLS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Accidental oil spills represent one of the environmental threats affecting the surface water in Romania, where their number has an increasing trend during the last decade, this type of events being registered mostly on the inner rivers, and not on the Black Sea. Because the inland rivers are used as drinking water sources for populated areas and raw water for industry, the response to accidental oil spills has to be rapid and tailored to their particular dynamic conditions. The cont...
Autori: Delia Popescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26889

AN EXAMPLE OF THE USE OF BIO-INDICATORS FOR AIR QUALITY ASSESSMENT IN AREAS WITH HIGH INDUSTRIAL PRESENCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Air pollution is an increasing critical issue and the focus of innumerable studies and monitoring activities. In addition to automatic monitoring systems typically used to measure fine dust, ozone, nitrogen oxide and sulfur oxide, the use of bioaccumulation monitors can also be exploited, especially when monitoring large areas. The advantage of biomarkers is the very low costs involved compared to traditional monitoring systems. Bio-indicator techniques do not measure directly air q...
Autori: Vincenzo Torretta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26892

SPATIAL CHARACTERISTICS AND PUBLIC HEALTH CONSEQUENCES OF ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract Romania has recorded a dramatic number of road traffic accidents in the last five years. The latest European documents and statistics indicate that the country has the highest number of traffic fatalities across the Member States of the European Union. The aim of the paper is twofold. First, the authors aim to analyze the spatial characteristics of traffic accidents for the period 2010-2014: spatial distribution of accidents at county level, number of vehicles involved, socio-spatia...
Autori: Silviu Marian Ciobanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26893

ELECTROCHEMICAL AND SEM CHARACTERIZATION OF YsZ COATED CoCrMo ALLOY PROCESSED BY PLASMA SPRAYED TECHNIQUE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The CoCrMo alloys have been widely used in artificial knee or hip joints. It is well known that these materials have a good corrosion resistance and acceptable biocompatibility properties. Zirconia as a ceramic biomaterial facilitates the osteoconductivity and tissue osteogenetic capacity in new bone formation around implant. Linear polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) were employed to characterize the electrochemical behavior of plasma sprayed yttrium oxid...
Autori: Manuela Romaş
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26896

TIME SERIES ANALYSIS OF AIR POLLUTANTS RECORDED FROM ROMANIAN EMEP STATIONS AT MOUNTAIN SITES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 11
Abstract The present study analyzes the background pollution in Romania using official data reported for recorded air pollutants from the automated regional stations located at three mountain sites. A series of key figures regarding the trend of background pollution at Romanian mountain sites was extracted based on annual average concentrations recorded between 2010 and 2013 i.e. 8.8 ± 5.2 μg NO2/m3, 5.3 ± 1.6 μg SO2/m3, 0.075 ± 0.035 μg CO/m3, 3.2 ± 0.9 ...
Autori: Daniel Dunea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26897

REMOVAL OF LEAD (II) IONS BY ACTIVATED CARBON PREPARED FROM DURIAN PEEL: ADSORPTION KINETICS AND ISOTHERMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract In this study, activated carbon was synthesized from durian peel and used for the removal of lead (II) ions from water. The activated carbon was produced with physical activation method using CO2 as the activating agent at 900 oC. Prior to the activation process, durian peel was carbonized under either nitrogen atmospheric or vacuum pyrolysis in order to compare the properties of the synthesized activated carbons. Suitable adsorption kinetics and isotherm models for the lead (II) re...
Autori: Samorn Hirunpraditkoon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26901

URBAN TRAFFIC AIR POLLUTION: CASE STUDY OF BANJA LUKA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract High population density and intense traffic resulted in various forms of pollution in cities. Air pollution ranks at the top of this list. This paper investigates changes in air pollutant parameters in Banja Luka, B&H, using data from air-quality measurement stations. The applied methodology is based on 24-hour measurements of air pollution, and connection between monitoring stations and automatic traffic control system centre. Based on the results of such measuring, a signaling...
Autori: Srecko Stankovic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26902

GIS-BASED DRINKING WATER WATERSHED MANAGEMENT: A CASE STUDY OF THE GALYAN WATERSHED IN TURKEY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract Water is one of the most important resources for sustainable development and human life. To meet future water needs, water resources and drinking water watersheds (DWWs) should be placed under protection using efficient methods. The spatial planning and spatial data has an important role in sustainable DWW management. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is extensively used for spatial data production effectively based on spatial planning. The use of large-extended data, the analy...
Autori: Recep Nisanci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26917

VULNERABILITY OF GROUNDWATER UNDER CLIMATE CHANGE AND LAND COVER: A NEW SPATIAL ASSESSMENT METHOD APPLIED ON BELIŞ DISTRICT (WESTERN CARPATHIANS, ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract A new assessment method of groundwater vulnerability was done using multilayer data analysis through GIS Spatial Analyst Tools. The method presented here refers at Beliș district territory and describes two tasks: (1) groundwater vulnerability determination from Water Surplus, Ecosystem Services, Aquifers map, and Infiltration map; (2) the future vulnerability assessment for 2050, considering four scenarios of land cover and climate data changes. First results, carried out by p...
Autori: Mărgărit-Mircea Nistor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26921

BELGRADE SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT OPTIMIZATION - POTENTIAL OF LANDFILL GAS RECOVERY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 14Nr. 12
Abstract Establishing a management system for collecting and disposing the solid waste materials is of great importance in urban areas. Belgrade, the capital city of Serbia, is at its initial phase of managing this problem. Currently, landfill disposal is the main option for dealing with rapidly growing amounts of waste. This paper’s research goal is to estimate the landfill gas quantity at Belgrade’s only landfill site Vinca, and to estimate the potential for collection and util...
Autori: Vesna Alivojvodic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26923

ENVIRONMENTAL APPROACH OF LAND COVER AT LOCAL LEVEL: STUDINEŢ CATCHMENT (EASTERN ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Abstract This paper is an environmental approach of land cover in rural areas, based on a case study of Eastern Romania: Studineţ catchment (9669 hectares). The information necessary to shape the profile of the research area is obtained through diachronic and comparative analysis of different land cover categories. For this purpose, three distinct aspects were analyzed: weight and fragmentation of arable land; evolution and current weight of forests; expansion of xerotermophilous shrubs...
Autori: Iulian Cătălin Stngă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26924

BIOSORPTION OF SAFRANIN ONTO CHEMICALLY MODIFIED BIOMASS OF MARINE Aspergillus wentii: A KINETIC STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
The biosorption of a basic dye, safranin from aqueous solutions by marine fungus Aspergillus wentii, which was chemicallymodified by esterification of the carboxylic acids (CB), or methylation of amine (NB), or raw biomass (RB) was investigated. The equilibrium was established after 40 min and the experimental kinetic data obtained for various forms of A.wentii were applied to the pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order, Bingham and Weber-Morris kinetic models. The pseudo-second order model ...
Autori: Yasmin Khambhaty
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26930

EQUILIBRUM AND KINETIC STUDIES ON THE ADSORPTION OF PENICILLIN G BY CHESTNUT SHELL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Because of their toxic effects on the food chain and sources of water, antibiotics are potential pollutants that represent an important environmental problem. The objective of this research was to study the adsorption of penicillin G (PEN G) onto chestnut shell using a batch adsorption system. Maximum adsorption was achieved at pH 3.0. The equilibrium uptake capacity (mg/g) increased with increasing levels of initial penicillin G concentration. The uptake capacity of penicillin G onto chestnu...
Autori: Amir Sheikh Mohammadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26940

AN EVALUATION OF BLUE WATER PREDICTION IN SOUTHERN PART OF IRAN USING THE SOIL AND WATER ASSESSMENT TOOL (SWAT)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 1
Soil and water are the two major resources in the Earth’s hydro biological and geological systems. The hydrology of arid areas has become a topic of interest recently for hydrologists as water shortage at these areas can affect the agriculture, irrigation, and industry as a whole. This has also prompted water resource planners to more thoroughly investigate water resource crisis at arid areas. In this respect, the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), a semi-distributed hydrological mo...
Autori: Milad Jajarmizadeh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26941

AUTOMATED GEODATA PROCESSING FOR BLACK SEA INFLUENCE ASSESSMENT ON THE LAND SURFACE TEMPERATURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
The influence of the Black Sea on the continental climate is generally limited, comparatively with other maritime basins. Nevertheless, the influence is important for local scale environment, with several applications in the economy, i.e. building industry, agriculture, forestry. The extension of the Black Sea influence inside the Dobroudja Plateau has been tackled constantly by the Romanian climatologists, the main methodological problem being the low number of meteorological stations in Do...
Autori: Sorin Constantin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26963

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS IN THE CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY: A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
We analysed the body of knowledge on the topic of environmental management in the construction sector with the intention to identify the state of the art and opportunities for further research. The articles' database is from international journals in English and in Portuguese languages. We identified key features of interest related to environmental management in the construction sector by performing a systematic analysis. Relevant articles along with their level of citations and the reco...
Autori: Lucila M.S. Campos
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26969

USING THE GIS TOOLS FOR A SUSTAINABLE FOREST MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
This paper highlights the benefits of using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) for a Sustainable Forest Management (SFM). A basic forest unit was studied for which a GIS project was performed. For this purpose cadastral base plans, scale 1:5,000 were scanned and vectorized and, in addition, 2704 locations were determined on the fields using the GPS equipment, to make sure that the areas of the compartments and subcompartments are correct. Dendrometric characteristics of the trees (i.e. d...
Autori: Cornel Cristian Tereşneu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26970

SURVEY ON THE BUYERS ECO-RESPONSIBILITY AND THE URBAN WHITE POLLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 2
White pollution is a form of environmental pollution which has taken unprecedented dimensions in many cities of Europe over the last two decades. It is estimated that by 2020, European Union citizens will reduce the consumption of plastic shopping bags by 80% in ways that will be identified and implemented by each member state. Starting from these two main dimensions, necessity and opportunity, we have conducted a survey on the eco-responsible behavior of consumers in Bucharest. The main aim...
Autori: Armenia Androniceanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26972

WASTE MANAGEMENT IN ROMANIA: CURRENT DATA AND APPLICATION OF A DECISION SUPPORT TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The present paper discusses the current situation in the municipal solid management existing in the North-East region of Romania. Furthermore, a Decision Support Tool is implemented in order to compare viable alternative waste management scenarios. The most recent data on the available current infrastructure and the amount of the generated waste have been used so as to determine the baseline status, while the results from the onsite waste analysis were also used as input data. To verify sever...
Autori: Vassilis Inglezakis
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26974

SEASONAL INFLUENCE AND RISK ASSESSMENT OF HEAVY METALS CONTAMINATION IN GROUNDWATER, ARJAAT VILLAGE, MOROCCO
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The application of chemical fertilizers and fungicides is an important source of heavy metals into the agricultural soil. Leaching and weathering can facilitate the transport of the contaminants through soil to the groundwater. In most rural areas, groundwater is used for drinking and irrigation purposes, without any treatment, population being exposed to direct contamination. The study area in this paper, Arjaat Village from Rabat Salé Zemour Zaer Region of Morocco, matches into this ...
Autori: Franois Xavier Nshimiyimana
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26980

DRIVING FORCES AFFECTING THE ADOPTION OF ECO-INNOVATION: A SURVEY ON VACUUM SEWER SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The article studies the adoption of eco-innovation using the diffusion dynamic as a paradigm for investigating the environmental reform in providing public goods. The study focused on the wastewater collection systems and analyzed how the structure of the market, socio-cultural conditions, geographic proximity and the Gross Domestic Product level measured the acceptance or rejection of eco-innovation. The authors investigated the data in order to test three hypotheses, respectively, the influ...
Autori: Iulia C. Terryn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26981

ANALYSIS OF OUTDOOR 222Rn AND 220Rn CONCENTRATION MEASURED AT BACAU, ROMANIA: A DETERMINISTIC STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
During three years, 2011-2013, time series of 222Rn (radon) and 220Rn (thoron) progeny concentration measured at Bacau, Romania have been analyzed with different deterministic instruments in order to extract valuable information about their deterministic behavior. The time series of data were obtained within the framework of the monitoring program performed by the Environmental Radioactivity Monitoring Station, Bacau. Correlations with the deterministic nature of atmospheric temperature and ...
Autori: Marius Stamate
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26982

IDENTIFYING HISTORIC POLLUTION ON LAKE BACAU I, ROMANIA USING GIS AND SATELLITE IMAGES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
The Lake Bacau I, located in Bacau City, Romania was built in 1966 with a double purpose: as reservoir belonging to the energy system of the Bistrita River and to provide the water needed for the industrial units located in the area. Also, for more than 40 years, the lake was used by the same plants to discharge the wastewater, more or less treated. In present, most of the industrial units are closed and the discharge of wastewater in the lake is banned, the area being used mainly for recreat...
Autori: Maria-Ema Faciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26987

INFLUENCE OF CLIMATIC FACTORS ON THE POLLUTION WITH NITROGEN OXIDES (NOX) IN BACAU CITY, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 3
Air pollution has a significant impact on human health and natural ecosystems. The principal gaseous pollutants compounds result from different types of combustion processes. In this category there are included carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), dust and hydrocarbons. Nitrogen oxides are a group of highly reactive gases, which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts. Most of the nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless gas. This paper highlights the c...
Autori: Doina Capşa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=26988

ARSENIC REMEDIATION OF AQUEOUS MEDIA USING PINUS ROXBURGHII SARG. (PINOPHYTA) BARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
The arsenic removal from aqueous medium was investigated through adsorption by employing finely powdered bark of Pinus roxburghii Sarg. The batch mode laboratory scale experiments were conducted to investigate the removal efficiency of Pinus bark against total arsenic and the effect of pH, contact time, adsorbent dose and initial adsorbate concentration on adsorption to optimize the process. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were used to validate the adsorption data and respective constants w...
Autori: Syed Hasnain Shah
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27013

USE OF THE HOTSPOT CODE FOR SAFETY AND SECURITY ANALYSIS IN NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Accidents in spent nuclear fuel reprocessing plants are a critical issue for the safety of people, of operators and the environment, as well as for the security of the plants. The purpose of this work is to demonstrate the possibility to use a free license code to simulate radiological diffusion after an accident in these particular plants, in order to obtain a model which allows identifying escape routes for the people potentially involved in the fallout. The authors performed a benchmark an...
Autori: Mariachiara Carestia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27015

REVIEW ON RECENT ADVANCES IN ENVIRONMENTAL REMEDIATION AND RELATED TOXICITY OF ENGINEERED NANOPARTICLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 4
Production and utilization of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), which are smart materials with ability of sensing and destroying chemical contaminants, is growing rapidly. However, these materials seem to have some ecological and health adverse effects. Hence, the main goal of this review study is to give a brief description about the recent developments of the commercial available engineered nano particles in the environmental remediation and also to note the current state of findings about t...
Autori: Mohammadreza Kamali
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27017

IN VITRO ELECTROCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF BIODEGRADABLE YSZ-COATED MgCa ALLOY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Zirconia (ZrO2) as a ceramic biomaterial facilitates the osteoconductivity in new bone formation around implant. Surface characterization before and after electrochemical testing was performed used scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The electrochemical properties of the yttrium oxide stabilized zirconium oxide (YSZ) coated and uncoated MgCa sample with the open circuit potential at different immersion time in Ringer’s solution were studied by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EI...
Autori: Bogdan Istrate
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27021

A. hippocastanum L. AND T. cordata MILL. AS BIOMONITORING PLANTS FOR AIR POLLUTION IN URBAN AREAS. A CASE STUDY: CITY OF CLUJ-NAPOCA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Air quality became a concern of highest priority in cities and town agglomerations, worldwide. Professional environmental monitoring strategies are prerequisites for supplying appropriate programmes destined to maintain air quality. Due to their capacity of bioaccumulation, tree species may be used as biomonitoring agents within programmes of monitoring air quality in urban spaces. The present study aims to emphasize the ability of A. hippocastanum L., and T. cordata Mill. leaves to be used a...
Autori: Ilie Covrig
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27026

EVALUATION OF POWDERED ACTIVATED CARBON PERFORMANCE FOR WASTEWATER TREATMENT CONTAINING ORGANIC (C6H6 AND C6H5-CH3) AND INORGANIC (Pb+2 AND Zn+2) POLLUTANTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The removal of toxic heavy metal ions such as lead and zinc from industrial and mining wastewaters has been widely studied because their existence in surface and underground water is responsible for several types of health problems caused to animals and human beings. Also, there are some organic compounds, which must be prevented from reaching in drinking water from various sources of pollution. For these reasons in this paper the experiments were conducted to study the ability of activated ...
Autori: Cristina Ileana Covaliu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27027

MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES USED IN ENVINRONMENTAL ENGINEERING FOR Pb AND Zn REMOVAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Maghemite nanoparticles (γ-Fe2O3) were synthesized in order to be used as magnetic adsorbent for two heavy metals, Pb(II) and Zn(II), from aqueous solutions. γ-Fe2O3 was prepared from magnetite nanoparticles and was tested for single and binary aqueous solutions. Efficiency removal (%) for single solutions appears only after 10 minutes and was higher than 80%. In case of binary solutions, same results regarding efficiency removal were registered after 60 minutes, being almost 90% ...
Autori: Ecaterina Matei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27029

MODELLING AND SIMULATION OF HEAT TRANSFER PROCESSES FOR HEAT EXCHANGERS USED IN WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The issues of global warming and reducing energy consumption led to an evolutionary progress of research to find as many solutions as possible for solving these environmental issues. The need to ensure a sustainable energetic development while achieving effective protection of the environment has led to the amplification of activities based on secondary energetic resources combined with low energy consumption industrial technologies. In the present paper it is discussed how to recover thermal...
Autori: Timea Gabor
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27030

PHOTOCATALYTIC OXIDATION OF A HAZARDOUS PHENOLIC COMPOUND OVER TiO2 IN A BATCH SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
Recently, environmental scientists have been focused their attention on the occurrence and the elimination of specific organic compounds in water. Among them, chlorophenols are considered to be a public health problem due to their carcinogenic properties. Thus, there is an important need to find new strategies to efficiently transform these compounds to no toxic or inactive by-products. In this work the photocatalytic removal of 2,4-dichlorophenol in water solution was investigated at laborat...
Autori: Lidia Favier
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27034

DEVELOPMENT OF A MULTIPARAMETRIC QUALITY INDEX FOR WATER QUALITY MONITORING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The multi-parametric quality index (ICPM) is a dimensionless number used to evaluate the overall water quality and it is a useful tool for policy makers and for the public. This study aims to introduce the ICPM algorithm. The ICPM was developed to assess the water quality of the Lower Danube River using information obtained from the analysis of 41 water quality indicators from a monitoring program during 2011-2014. ICPM used the data for the previous 28 months as reference to evaluate the lat...
Autori: Violeta-Monica Radu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27035

PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS OF STURGEONS SWIMMING CAPACITY ABOVE THE BOTTOM SILL BY NUMERICAL SIMULATION. BALA BRANCH CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 5
The need of hydraulic structures for the improvement of the navigation conditions on the Danube, between Calarasi and Braila (km 375 and km 175), led to the development of studies regarding the environmental impact. The studies were made by correlating the dynamic implementation of hydraulic works with the results of the environmental monitoring, biotic and abiotic factors. The hydraulic works designed to be built-up on the Bala branch, raised issues regarding sturgeons’migration in thi...
Autori: Alina-Florina Nicolae
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27036

COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON OF A FEW VARIANTS OF CLUSTER ANALYSIS AS DATA MINING TOOL IN SUPPORTING ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
A few variants of hierarchical cluster analysis (CA) as tool of assessment of multidimensional similarity in environmental dataset are compared. The dataset consisted of analytical results of determination of metals (Na, K, Ca, Sc, Fe, Co, Zn, As, Br, Rb, Mo, Sb, Cs, Ba, La, Ce, Sm, Hf and Th) in ambient air dried and kept alive, by the means of hydroponics, moss baskets collected in 12 locations on the area of Tricity (Poland). The selected urban locations covered sites of various anthropoge...
Autori: Aleksander Astel
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27046

CASE STUDY REGARDING DETERMINATION AND USE OF ASTRO-GEODETIC DEVIATIONS OF THE VERTICAL IN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
This paper present first results of a study, on the determination and use of the deviations of the vertical for obtaining an accurate geoid in Romania, as a future goal. For the beginning, the study occurred on a limited area of about 22000 km2 in the south part of Romania, including the capital Bucharest. We used data from three different sources: historical astro-geodetic deviations of the vertical (before 1990), deviations derived from two global geoid models (Gravity field and steady-stat...
Autori: Octavian Bădescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27047

PRESERVATION OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE USING GIS TECHNOLOGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Starting from the destructive nature of the preventive and/or rescue archaeological researches, the archaeological investigations is imposed by the steps of building, alteration, extension or repair on the works affecting the soil surface in the archaeological heritage areas, regardless of the land’s region and ownership. Considering that geographical information systems (GIS) - that are part of a broader class of information systems and are mainly characterized by data processing depen...
Autori: Ionut Maican
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27053

UPDATING THE BASIC TOPOGRAPHIC PLANS FROM CADASTRAL TERRITORIES WITH PIPE DRAINAGE SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Based on the new cadastral measurements that are going to be performed at the level of both territorial-administrative units and cadastral sectors, respectively, on real estates and/or parcels, the technical data of the unitary cadastral system and land register will be obtained. When referring to the cadastral territories where surface and subsurface drainage works have been performed, it is absolutely necessary to correlate the technical data resulted from the cadastral measurements with th...
Autori: Valeriu Moca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27054

ANALOGOUS VS. DIGITAL CAMERAS FOR BUILDINGS 3D MODELS CREATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
In this paper, the steps used in the process of building 3D model creation, using images acquired with the UMK 10/1318 metric terrestrial photogrammetric camera and digital images acquired with the Canon EOS Rebel XSi/450D digital non-metric camera, are presented in detail. For the calibration process of both cameras, the Heikkila and Silven algorithm and a 3D calibration object were used. In order to save time, both on the field and back to the office, instead of taking and processing UMK im...
Autori: Ersilia Oniga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27056

FACTORS INFLUENCING THE THERMOCHEMICAL BEHAVIOURS OF TIRE RUBBER: PART I - INFLUENCE OF FIBER AND METAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
In this paper both kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of thermochemical transformation of waste tires are evaluated by using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). For rubber thermochemical decomposition, individually and in the presence of other tires components, some kinetic and thermodynamic parameters such as energy of activation (Ea), frequency factor (A), reaction enthalpy (ΔH), entropy (ΔS) and free energy (ΔG) have been calculated by using the integration method. The e...
Autori: Sana Kordoghli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27060

USING OLD MAPS AND SOIL PROPERTIES TO RECONSTRUCT THE FOREST SPATIAL PATTERN IN THE LATE 18TH CENTURY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Deforestation has been recognized as an important environmental threat in the hilly area of Eastern Romania during the last two centuries. Nowadays, these former forested lands are extremely degraded through soil erosion and gullying due to improper human impact. Under such background, the paper aims at reconstituting the natural forest cover of the late 18th century, prior the aggressive deforesting actions. The methodology is based on two key elements: old maps and soil typology, both integ...
Autori: Iulian Cătălin Stngă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27062

AN ALTERNATIVE METHOD TO EVALUATE THE HEALTH STATUS FOR CONCRETE DAMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 6
Dam’s behavior monitoring is highly influenced by the existence of an appropriate instrumentation system installed in structure’s body, its foundation and in the neighboring area as well as by the periodical acquisition, collection, processing and interpretation of data. Existing monitoring systems may be enhanced with mobile labs that can perform regular or special measurements. Hybrid models appear to be an attractive option for the evaluation of the static and/or the dynamic be...
Autori: Altan Abdulamit
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27065

EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL ACTIVITIES WITHIN THE FRAME OF CORPORATE RESPONSIBILITY IN HOTEL ESTABLISHMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
This paper seeks to empirically examine the relationship between Environmental Activities (EA) included as part of Corporate Responsibility (CR), and corporate image, loyalty, and trust in the hotel sector. It also examines the impact of image on trust, and the impact of trust on loyalty. Data were collected from a sample of 134 customers of four four-star international hotels. The data were processed with PLS-Graph software, using structural equations to test the hypotheses. The findings rev...
Autori: Beatriz Palacios Florencio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27070

STUDY OF AN ANNUAL WASTE RECYCLING INDEX IN SPAIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
The management of urban solid waste is a growing priority both in large cities and in rural settings, and in developed and developing countries. Many factors can influence the type and amount of waste generated, including population density, level of industrialisation, quality of life of households, type of area (urban/rural) and local climate. In this paper, we introduce an index of solid waste recycling over a ten-year period and examine the influence of several such factors on this index. ...
Autori: Mara-Jos Del-Moral-vila
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27071

DETERMINANTS OF ECO-INNOVATION: COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE INDUSTRIAL AND SERVICES SECTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
This study analyzed the determinants of eco-innovation in a sample of companies drawn from several sectors of economic activity in Spain and studied similarities and differences in their activity. The analysis used information obtained from the Technological Innovation Panel (PITEC) database created by the Spanish Institute of Statistics. The methodology used showed that although all the variables used in the model were significant for all sectors of activity, their effects were specific to e...
Autori: Alejandro Garca-Pozo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27072

OPEN AND GREEN INNOVATION IN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Hospitality is the main industry in the service sector in Spain, contributing to more than 10% of the gross domestic product and approximately 12% of all employees. Firms in this industry are beginning to adopt eco-innovations to reduce their environmental impact and optimize the use of natural resources. However, most companies do not have the necessary resources to tackle ecoinnovation on their own and need to cooperate with different agents. The purpose of this paper is to examine how open...
Autori: Francisco Jos Sez-Martnez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27073

HOW DO COUNTRY RISK RATINGS AFFECT TOURISM ACTIVITY? AN INDIRECT MEASURE OF THE ENVIRON
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Since the link between tourism and economic growth is not automatic, a country must meet certain characteristics in order for this link to occur and make it sustainable through time. Among these characteristics, environmental and sustainable policies, the existence of hard and soft infrastructure, a regulated labour market and economic and financial indicators play a key role. Therefore, Country Risk Score (CRS) can represent a good indicator of the sustainability of countries. Using Country ...
Autori: Roberto Cervell-Royo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27074

ARE GREEN HOTELS EXPENSIVE? THE IMPACT OF ECO-FRIENDLY POLICIES ON HOTEL PRICES IN SPANISH CITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
Tourism and the environment are two closely related concepts. Environmental abuse can result in deteriorating environments with dramatic implications for tourism, which is why more tourism organisations and hotels have been gradually implementing environmental management policies. The objective of this study was to analyse the impact of market positioning as a green hotel on room prices in large cities. The hedonic pricing method was applied to hotels in two locations: Madrid and Barcelona. D...
Autori: Ismael P. Soler
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27076

OPTIMIZATION OF THE BIOSORPTION OF Cr3+, Cd2+ AND Pb2+ USING A NEW BIOWASTE: Zea mays SEED CHAFF
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
This study highlights the potential use of yellow Zea mays seed chaff (YZMSC) biomass as a biosorbent for the removal of Cr3+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ ions from aqueous solutions. Fourier transformed Infrared analysis of the biomass suggests that YZMSC biomass is basically composed of cellulose and methyl cellulose. The biosorption capacities, qmax, of YZMSC biomass for Cr3+, Cd2+ and Pb2+ are 14.68, 121.95 and 384.62 mg/g respectively. Biosorption equilibrium was achieved at 20, 30 and 60 min for Cr3+...
Autori: Jonathan Oyebamiji Babalola
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27083

ADSORPTION OF Zn2+ AND Ni2+ IONS FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION ONTO Phyllanthus debilis: KINETICS & EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 7
This work evaluates the potential of Phyllanthus debilis for the adsorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+ ions using synthetic solutions. Adsorption experiments were performed in order to examine the effect of pH, contact time, biomass concentration and initial metal ion concentration in the removal process, in a batch mode. The results revealed that the adsorption is highly pH dependent. The adsorption of Zn2+ and Ni2+ ions were concentration dependent and increased from 2.446 to 8.688 mg/g for Zn2+ and ...
Autori: Mohammad Aslam
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27084

SEQUESTRATION OF COPPER (II) FROM SIMULATED WASTEWATER USING PRETREATED RICE HUSK WASTE BIOMASS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
This paper reports the potential of rice husk waste biomass to remove copper (II) from simulated wastewater under different experimental conditions. For this, rice husk has been pre–treated by boiling, formaldehyde and concentrated sulphuric acid. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy, Scanning Electron Microscopy and Energy dispersive analysis X–ray analyses were performed before and after adsorption, to explore number and position of the functional groups available for copper ...
Autori: Manjeet Bansal
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27095

SEDIMENTOLOGY AND SEDIMENTARY ENVIRONMENT OF MEIGHAN PLAYA EVIDENCE FOR CLIMATE CHANGES IN IRAN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
The main aim of this study is determination of sedimentology and sedimentary environment of Meighan Playa in the Markazi province in Iran. The purpose was to obtain information of sedimentary data and 94 samples of the sediments were collected from a wide range of Meighan playa in order to evaluate the conditions of deposition of the sediments in Meighan playa. With the goal of conducting a detailed and comprehensive study of the sediments in the playa, an attempt was made to collect samples ...
Autori: Mostafa Yousefi Rad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27103

SOIL MICROBIAL COMMUNITIES AND THEIR POTENTIAL FOR ROOT-KNOT NEMATODES MANAGEMENT: A REVIEW
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Biological control relying on soil microorganisms may offer feasible and sustainable perspectives in many agrosystems for management of soil pests such as root-knot nematodes (RKNs, Meloidogyne spp.). The rhizosphere environment shows a complex of soil microbial communities, including beneficial organisms such as specialized bacterial pathogens and/or of rhizosphere fungi. New advanced technologies like Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) may enlarge our knowledge about the biodiversity and rol...
Autori: Aurelio Ciancio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27109

DERIVING THE FLOODPLAIN IN RURAL AREAS FOR HIGH EXCEEDANCE PROBABILITY HAVING LIMITED DATA SOURCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 8
Hydraulic modelling makes possible the identification of floodplain areas for flash floods with discharge of different return periods. High resolution DEMs allow river bed geometry identification, while prior hydrologic modeling results can serve as input data for the hydraulic model. Once the river bed and floodplain roughness coefficient are set, the floodplains can be delineated on the base of MIKE11 model. For the present study the authors have used three gauged small rivers situated in t...
Autori: Maria-Mihaela Győri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27115

ENVIRONMENTAL FOOTPRINT IN THE PRODUCTION OF RECYCLED WOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
We computed the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) to identify the environmental performance of recycled wool by means of data belonging to a real case study in Italy. First, we analyzed inventory data quality by computing the data quality rating (DQR) index, according to the criteria provided by the PEF protocol. Quality of specific and generic data (selected from the Ecoinvent database) was evaluated as excellent and good, respectively. We then quantified the impacts related to each rele...
Autori: Silvia Bamonti
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27121

OPTIMIZATION OF WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS MONITORING IN FLOW VARIATION CONDITIONS DUE TO RAIN EVENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
The direct measurement of the nutrients largely contributes to understand how the quality of the information, coming from the instruments, may improve the performances of the plants. The advanced knowledge acquired on the meaning of the signals gives new possibilities to control the biological processes and estimate the operational state of the plant, improving the quality of the effluent and keeping the operational costs as low as possible. Such information, furthermore, can be used to under...
Autori: Carmine Fiorentino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27127

PRODUCTION CAPACITY OF LEACHATE FROM BIHOR LANDFILL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
Landfilling is one of the most important issues that can be discussed nowadays related to waste management, mainly concerning the importance of what we have to do with waste quantities and how energy can be recovered. The paper proposes a threedimensional mathematical model applied to calculate the production capacity of leachate from Bihor landfill, situated in Bihor County, Romania. The leachate production capacity is related to the total amount of waste disposed in landfill during active ...
Autori: Mihai-Cosmin Belciu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27136

THE EFFECT OF Si CONTENT ON FERRIHYDRITE SORPTION CAPACITY FOR Pb(II), Cu(II), Cr(VI), AND P(V)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 9
In this study, the impact of silicate admixture in 2-line ferrihydrite on its sorption properties is presented. Synthetic ferrihydrites with broad Si content in the range of 0 to 1.5 Si/Fe molar ratios were prepared and characterized using X-ray diffractometry (XRD), Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM-EDS). With an increase in the Si/Fe ratio, a typical XRD peak at 2.5Å broadens and shifts toward 3 Å; the position of Si-O stretchi...
Autori: Gabriela Pieczara
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27140

ANALYSIS OF TOTAL EMISSIONS REDUCTION OF LIVESTOCK AND POULTRY POLLUTANTS IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
During the Twelfth Five-Year period (2011-2015), agricultural sources have been incorporated in the total emission reduction policy for the first time in China. The discharge from livestock and poultry industry has become a focus for increased research. Based on the present situation of total emission reduction from livestock and poultry industry, this paper analyzes the pollution reduction problems such as data, measures and regulations, and provides the suggestions such as “reliable d...
Autori: Yueying Wu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27148

ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE INDICATORS FOR DECISION MAKING AND STAKEHOLDER INTERESTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Today, different tools are associated with environmental protection context, which ca include, among others: environmental programmes, objectives and targets, training, incentive schemes, audit frequency, site inspections, administration and community relations. The assessment of different aspects of environmental quality and protection, in a qualitative or quantitative manner is based on various indicators, addressing the three components of sustainability: economic, social, environmental. ...
Autori: Mihnea Costoiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27163

A SMART ENVIRONMENT INFRASTRUCTURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Nowadays environmental protection has become a valuable asset for the entire society. The information based society can provide more efficient solutions in its risks mitigation. There are already in place complex infrastructures used to monitor and control the natural environment, but most of them have lower or no interdependency. A solution to gain this integration level is represented by the “smart cities” concept. This study will present an approach used to integrate almost eve...
Autori: Mihai Horia Zaharia
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27164

EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES ON THE BIOSORPTION OF LEAD (Pb2+) CONTAMINATED WASTEWATER USING CATTAILS LEAVES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Dried Typha angustifolia (TA) leavesor commonly known as the common cattail were evaluated as an adsorbent for the adsorption of lead in synthetic aqueous solutions. Equilibrium studies were conducted in a batch mode and the selected sorption isotherms were then applied. Equilibrium was achieved after 8 hours. The selected sorption isotherms were the Langmuir, Freundlich, D-R and Temkin model. Data fitting was done based on linear regression analysis. The adsorption system fitted the Langmui...
Autori: Yen Ling Sharain-Liew
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27166

ANALYSIS OF SOLID WASTE GENERATION IN A UNIVERSITY CAFETERIA IN BRAZIL: A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 10
Environmental problems that result from increases in the generation of urban solid waste are compounded by the inadequate management of wastes generated by large-scale meal production at Food and Nutrition Units (FNUs). With the growth of eating out sector, solid waste management of FNUs should be focused on minimizing waste generation, while considering all regulations enforced, including those related to hygienic quality of food. The goal of this study was to determine the quantities and t...
Autori: Jaqueline Zotesso
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27168

EFFECTIVE MERCURY REMOVAL USING A NEW DEVELOPED POLYMER CONTAINING 2-(2′ THIAZOLYLAZO) P-CRESOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
A new material containing 2-(2′ thiazolylazo) p-cresol (TAC) grafted poly acrylamide (PAA) was prepared and its adsorption ability was studied for the removal of inorganic mercury from aqueous media. Adsorption of Mercury (II) ions from aqueous solution was investigated in detail as a function of mercury concentration, pH, ionic strength, and temperature. The adsorption data were analyzed by using the Langmuir, Freundlich and Dubinin-Radushkevich (DR) models. The adsorption of Mercury (...
Autori: Seluk Şimşek
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27170

ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS CERTIFICATION: INSIGHTS FROM PORTUGUESE CONSTRUCTION COMPANIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Against a background of growing concern with environmental issues, resource consumption and waste production in the construction sector, this article presents the results of a study on the implementation of environmental management systems (EMS) certification in Portuguese construction companies. It reports on how construction companies perceive motives, difficulties, benefits and effectiveness of implementing EMS certification. A questionnaire served as the basis for data collection. It was sen...
Autori: Caroline Dominguez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27174

BIOSORPTION OF LEAD(II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS USING ADSORBENTS PREPARED FROM PEANUT HULLS, SOYBEAN SHELLS AND GRAPEFRUIT PEELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Equilibrium and kinetics of biosorption of lead(II) from aqueous solutions by local low-cost agricultural by-products – peanut hulls, soybean shells and grapefruit peels were compared to develop high-efficient and low-cost biosorbents for removal of lead(II) from wastewater. Batch kinetics showed adsorption equilibrium at about 90 min and the adsorption process for the three biosorbents was better represented by the pseudo-second-order model than the pseudo-first-order model. Batch equilib...
Autori: Rui Yu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27176

MULTIFUNCTIONAL RESIN DIPHONIX IN ADSORPTION OF HEAVY METAL COMPLEXES WITH METHYLGLYCINEDIACETIC ACID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
The aim of this research is to investigate adsorption characteristics of Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II), Cd(II) and Pb(II) complexes with MGDA (methylglycinediacetic acid) from aqueous solutions by using the multifunctional chelating ion exchanger Diphonix. MGDA, belonging to a group of new generation complexones which readily undergo biodegradation, is patented by BASF and marketed under the brand name Trilon M. Optimum adsorption conditions were determined as a function of phase contact time, ...
Autori: Justyna Jachuła
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27183

CHITOSAN-BASED ADSORBENTS GELS FOR THE REMOVAL OF TRIS-AZO DYE: ISOTHERMS AND KINETICS STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
The adsorbent gels utilized in this research project were synthesized from non-commercially available chitosan, obtained by deacetylation of chitin, which was isolated from fermented shrimp waste by a major local industrial food biopolymer. Chitosan-based adsorbent gels were used for the removal of a tris-azo dye (Direct Blue 71) from aqueous solutions. Sorption experiments focused on the chemical modification of chitosan using two cross-linking agents, sodium tripolyphosphate (TPP) and glutaral...
Autori: Reyna G. Snchez-Duarte
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27184

PREDICTING RAT OCCURRENCE IN OIL-PALM PLANTATION USING GIS AND GEOEYE DATA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
Rats (Rattus spp.) can cause substantial economic loss to oil palm (Elaeis quineensis Jacq.) plantations. Spatial occurrence of rat in oil palm plantation has not been adequately dealt. We evaluated the rat occurrence at an oil palm plantation in Sabah, Malaysia using habitat factors from GIS and GeoEye data. Among the regression models examined, binomial logistic regression model best predicted the rat occurrence. Overall accuracy of the occurrence prediction calculated from an independent data...
Autori: Mui-How Phua
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27189

COMPARISON OF DIFFERENT DURATION OF ANAEROBIC AND AEROBIC PHASES ON ACID RED 18 REMOVAL IN SEQUENCING BATCH REACTORS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 11
In this work, the effect of cyclic anaerobic/aerobic conditions on the biodegradative capability of the mixed microbial culture for the azo dye Acid Red 18 was investigated in the sequencing batch reactors. For this purpose, five anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactors were operated under the same operation conditions at different anaerobic/aerobic reaction times. The whole reaction time was 22-h with anaerobic/aerobic periods of 6/16, 10/12, 14/8, 18/4 and 22/0 (h/h) in An/ASBR1 to 5, respe...
Autori: Mohammad Hakimelahi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27191

PARTIAL DIRECTED COHERENCE OF CARDIOTOCOGRAPHIC SIGNALS FOR ANALYSIS OF PRETERM BIRTH RISK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Traditional methods of fetal monitoring are used mainly during labor, leaving the only course of action − the caesarean intervention − in cases with high risk of fetal distress. We used another approach and set up a database that consists of cardiotocographic (CTG) recordings acquired ante partum during the 25th-28th week of pregnancy, by means of a Monica Healthcare AN24 fetal monitoring system. The analyzed signals are the maternal heart rate (MHR), the fetal heart rate (FHR) and t...
Autori: Alexandru Păsărică
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27201

A NEW SIMPLE MODEL FOR THE PREDICTION OFWASTE SLUDGE FLOW RATE IN THE STEADY-STATE COMPLETELY MIXED ACTIVATED SLUDGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
A new simple empirical model is proposed to describe the waste sludge volumetric flow rate in the steady-state completely mixed activated sludge process. The model is derived based on the nonlinear regression analysis by using the Richardson’s extrapolation method and the Levenberg–Marquardt algorithm. The application of the model has been explored for a wide range of eleven fundamental biological design variables and tested against a total of 1500 additional computational scenarios ...
Autori: Kaan Yetilmezsoy
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27202

THE LUCAS 2012 TOPSOIL SURVEY AND DERIVED CROPLAND AND GRASSLAND SOIL PROPERTIES OF BULGARIA AND ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
As part of the 2012 Land Use/Land Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS), topsoil samples were collected in Bulgaria and Romania using the same methodology as for other EU Member States in an equivalent survey carried out in 2009. In total, 664 Bulgarian and 1384 Romanian samples were collected which enabled a comparative assessment of topsoil properties under different land covers within, and between, these countries, as well as in a broader European context. The samples were analysed for basic soil p...
Autori: Gergely Tth
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27205

BIOSORPTION OF SULFONIC AZODYES ON SPRUCE WOOD SHAVINGS: KINETICS AND SORPTION MECHANISMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Various azodyes containing one or more sulfonic groups were removed from aqueous solutions by biosorption on untreated wood shavings from Picea abies. The sorption kinetics was described by the pseudo-first-order (PFO), pseudo-second-order (PSO) and modified pseudo-n-order (MPnO) equations, from which the MPnO model provided the best fit to the experimental data. The surface reaction was identified as a rate-limiting step governing the dye sorption on wood shavings, but a mixed kinetics (with a ...
Autori: Pavel Jano
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27207

PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF WOOD FROM THIN LOGS OF Quercus petraea spp.
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
This paper examined some physical and mechanical properties of wood from thin trees of sessile oak collected from thinning operations, in order to recommend this secondary wood resource for potential superior applications (as solid wood panels and furniture components). Swelling, shrinkage, modulus of rupture (MOR) and modulus of elasticity (MOE) and compression strength parallel to the grain were examined and compared with data from literature reported for mature trees. The variation of the abo...
Autori: Alin M. Olărescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27210

ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF Cu (II) IONS BY DATE PITS: KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Date pits were used as a low-cost adsorbent to study the effective removal of copper (II) ions in an aqueous solution on the basis of adsorption kinetics and isotherm equations. Before and after the adsorption process, the date pits were characterized by electron scanning microscope (ESM) as well as Infrared spectroscopy (IR). The effects of the pH, zero point of charge, the adsorbent mass, and the adsorbent particle size on the adsorption of copper (II) were also studied. Equilibrium data were ...
Autori: Tarek E. Khalil
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27212

BIOSORPTION OF ZINC (II) FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY NONLIVING LICHEN BIOMASS OF Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr.
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
In this study, the biosorption of zinc(II) ions from the aqueous solutions by the lichen biomass of Xanthoria parietina (L.) Th. Fr. was studied as a function of contact time, initial pH of metal solution, biosorbent concentration, initial metal ion concentration and stirring speed in a batch system. The optimum pH value for maximum zinc biosorption was found to be 5.5. Concentrations intervals from 50 mg/L to 250 mg/L were tested and it was observed that the biosorption efficiency depends on th...
Autori: Zuleyha Bingul
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27213

ION-EXCHANGE MECHANISM IN BIOSORPTION OF Pb2+ IONS FROM CONTAMINATED WATER BY BANANA STALK WASTE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Banana stalk (BS) waste is used to remove Pb2+ from aqueous solution. Equilibrium data were analyzed with Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption models, which fit better in the former equation. The qmax (maximum metal uptake capacity) for Pb2+ adsorption was 105.14 mg/g of BS at pH 5.0, which followed pseudo-second order kinetics model. IR spectra confirmed the participation of hydroxyl, amino, and acidic functional moieties in the removal of Pb2+. The major mechanism involved in the biosorption of ...
Autori: Kashif Iqbal Sahibzada
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27214

ASSESSMENT OF RADIOFREQUENCY EXPOSURE LEVELS GENERATED BY WIMAX BASE STATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
The radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields represent one of the most common and fast growing environmental influences, raising concerns about possible effects on human health. The fact that there is a continuous change and an emergence of RF communication technologies on the market also leads to a change of daily RF exposure levels for the general public. In such a context, the main objective of our study is to assess the RF exposure originating from the emerging Worldwide Interoperability f...
Autori: Eduard Lunca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27215

CHARACTERIZATION AND UTILIZATION OF ALUNITE ORE FOR ADSORPTIVE REMOVAL OF ZINC: BATCH AND COLUMN STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
Adsorption equilibrium, kinetic and dynamic studies were done for removal of zinc (II) from aqueous solutions using alunite ore. The alunite sample was characterized by using X-ray fluorescence (XRF), optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) porosimetry, differential thermal (DTA), and Thermogravimetric (TG) analyses. The batch equilibrium adsorption data of zinc (II) ions onto alunite particles were applied to some...
Autori: Hoda Arabyarmohammadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27216

BIODEGRADATION KINETICS OF MIXED MICROBIAL CULTURE UTILIZING 1,1-DCE AS THE SOLE CARBON SOURCE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 15Nr. 12
The mixed microbial culture, isolated from the aerobic sludge was used to study biodegradation of 1,1-DCE as the sole carbon source in batch flasks. 1,1-DCE initial concentration in the medium was varied from 100μg/L to 1000μg/L. The maximum removal rate of 1,1-DCE was 89.2% obtained at 400μg/L 1,1-DCE concentration in the medium. The biodegradation kinetics of 1,1-DCE was found to follow three-half-order model at all initial 1,1-DCE concentrations with regression values greater than 0....
Autori: Shizong Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27219

AN EVOLUTIONARY PATH FOR CONTROL OF AIR POLLUTION FROM ROAD TRANSPORT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
The important factor for health hazards in major cities in India is air pollution. Due to the sudden increase in vehicular population in the city of Chennai, South India, there is a high increase in vehicular emission caused by the vehicular effluents like Carbon monoxide, oxides of Nitrogen, oxides of Sulfur and other Particulate Matter. This study proposes an advanced state of the art technology (On Board Diagnostics) to acquire and process data from the vehicular emissions through online data...
Autori: Gunaselvi Manohar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27221

REMOVAL OF TURBIDITY AND HUMIC ACIDS USING CHITOSAN AS A COAGULANT AID: MODELING WITH ARTIFICIAL NEURAL NETWORK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
In the present study, the effect of chitosan as an eco-friendly coagulant aid was investigated for removing turbidity (bentonite) and humic acid (HA) in the coagulation process. The effects of various operational parameters such as initial pH of the solution (4-9), dosage of chitosan (1-4.5 mg/L), dosage of alum (10-40 mg/L) and initial turbidity (10-150 NTU) were investigated. An artificial neural network (ANN) model was used to predict the performance of turbidity removal efficiencies by coagu...
Autori: Abdolmotaleb Seid Mohammadi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27223

KINETIC CONSTANTS DETERMINATION OF PETROLEUM REFINERY EFFLUENT TREATMENT IN A UASB REACTOR USING RSM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
In this study, an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) bioreactor at the mesophilic temperature (38ºC) was successfully used for the treatment of petroleum refinery effluents. Response surface methodology (RSM) was applied for the design and analysis of experiments to predict the behavior of the initial COD and the hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the bioreactor. A statistical analysis indicated that the models adequately represented the experimental data. At the optimal conditions, the ...
Autori: Seyed Omid Rastegar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27233

THE FORESTS OF ROMANIA IN SCIENTIFIC LITERATURE AND IN GEOGRAPHY. TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS AND ACTIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
The aims of this research are (1) to analyze the topic of forests in Romania as presented in scientific literature and (2) to identify the Romanian Geography teachers’ perceptions of and opinions about (a) the consequences of human actions on the situation of forests in Romania, (b) their own actions that lead to diminishing vulnerability and risks for forest clearances, (c) factors that influenced their attitude and behavior towards forests, and (d) suggestions for actions of forest prote...
Autori: Maria Eliza Dulamă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27238

SILICA GEL MODIFIED WITH AMINO IMINE GROUPS AS AN ADSORBENT FOR METALLIC CATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 1
In this study, silica gel initially reacted with N-(2-aminoethyl)-3-aminopropyl-triethoxysilane and subsequently with formaldehyde resulted in a modified solid that contained amino imine groups, Sil2NCH2. The solids were characterized by CHN elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA/DTG), FTIR spectroscopy, 13C solid-state NMR, and nitrogen adsorption/desorption measurements. The adsorption of Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cr(VI) ions onto Sil2NCH2 in aqueous solutions were examined to study the ...
Autori: Franklin Pessoa Aguiar
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27242

SPECIES DIVERSITY OF PLANKTONIC ROTIFERS IN LOTIC ECOSYSTEMS: A CASE OF STUDY OF DANUBE, SFNTU GHEORGHE BRANCH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Rotifers are known as cosmopolitan organisms, found in high density in most waters, often representing the dominant group in terms of species diversity and abundance in the zooplankton community. Since the functionality of an ecosystem is closely related to the diversity of communities, analysis of rotifers assemblage may be a useful tool in understanding the mechanisms of the spatial and temporal changes on this level. Data were collected from 2008 until 2010, in distinct areas of Danube, Sf...
Autori: Larisa Florescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27247

AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART I DEVELOPMENT AND MODEL VERIFICATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Public awareness and concern with impacts of pollution on multimedia environment have been greatly increased in the last few decades. There are growing needs for creating remediation strategy and setting effective standard and regulations to reduce pollutant levels in the environment. To satisfy such need, tools that can provide comprehensive understanding and characterize the behavior of chemical in the environment are required for environmental risk assessment and management. A new integrated ...
Autori: Zhi Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27251

EXPLORING THE OPTIONS FOR MANAGEMENT SYSTEM STANDARDS AND INTEGRATION LEVELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
The objectives of this paper are to investigate whether the integration levels achieved by Catalan companies are related to their choice of the options for Management System Standards (MSSs) and to research the relationships of the perceived adequacy of using new MSSs and Business Excellence Models (BEMs) with Integrated Management Systems (IMSs). To test these relationships, data was obtained from 76 organizations which responded to a survey on IMSs, the options for MSSs and the possibilities r...
Autori: Alexandra Simon
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27258

COMPETITIVE BIOSORPTION OF Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) AND Zn(II) USING COMPOSTED LIVESTOCK WASTE IN BATCH AND COLUMN EXPERIMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
Composted livestock waste (CLW) was studied as one low-cost material to remove Pb(II), Cu(II), Cd(II) and Zn(II) from simulated acid mine drainage (AMD) by batch and column experiments. The adsorption isotherm data were well fitted by the Langmuir model. The maximum monolayer adsorption capacities were 0.5485 mmol/g for Pb(II), 0.4092 mmol/g for Cu(II), 0.2246 mmol/g for Cd(II), and 0.1879 mmol/g for Zn(II) at pH 4.0. Due to the competition effect, the adsorption capacity of the single metal ion...
Autori: Mingliang Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27262

MECHANICAL-BIOLOGICAL TREATMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE IN POLAND - CASE STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 2
After the entry into force of Landfill Directive 1999/31/EC the member states of European Union (EU) turned towards other technologies for waste treatment and management, such as mechanical-biological treatment of waste (MBT) in order to meet the obligations related to the reduction of the amount of landfilled biodegradable waste. This paper presents an analysis of the waste management in Poland in terms of the current regulations and requirements of the EU and achievement of the mechanical - bi...
Autori: Monika Suchowska-Kisielewicz
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27266

DEVELOPMENT OF A VERSATILE WATER QUALITY INDEX FOR WATER SUPPLY APPLICATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
Water quality index is an essential tool for water quality assessment. Considering the frequent use of automated water quality monitoring systems, their importance in generating data and information for the efficient management of water treatment plants, the design of such an index would allow the detection of point-pollution episodes, which otherwise would occur undetected and would have a significant impact on the water quality and its further treatment. In this study, a versatile weighted wat...
Autori: Ioana Gabriela Dascalescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27271

MODELING EQUILIBRIUM DATA FOR Cd (II) ADSORPTION BY PEAT USING NON-LINEAR REGRESSION ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
The Romanian peat was used as low-cost adsorbent to remove Cd(II) ions from aqueous solutions. The cadmium adsorption capacity of the peat was studied as a function of the solution pH (3-5.5) and temperature (293 – 333 K). Adsorption capacity was found to increase with the pH increasing and temperature decreasing and attained a maximum value of 27.9 mg/g at pH = 5±0.1 (acetate buffer) and 293 K. In addition, various thermodynamic parameters such as free energy change (ΔG0), en...
Autori: Catalin Balan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27276

GROUNDWATER RESPONSE TO CHANGES IN PRECIPITATIONS IN NORTH-EASTERN ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
Changes in the climatic and hydrological variables in North-Eastern Romania indicate that the region has mostly a common evolution in terms of precipitation and hydrostatic level of groundwater. This can influence human communities in the region, given that sources of public water supply are predominantly from underground. In the analysed region with more than 8.000 sqm, 50% of the population lives in the rural area, where the main water supply source is provided by the underground water, mainly...
Autori: Ionuț Minea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27284

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT AND LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS OF A NEARLY ZERO ENERGY RESIDENTIAL BUILDING - A CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
Environmental issues have received ascending attention in recent years due to the increase of their negative effects. Greenhouse gas emission levels have experienced an exponential increase in the last decades mainly on account of the development of the building sector. Life cycle assessment (LCA) of buildings is a proper tool to analyse the full environmental impact during their designed lifespan. Inventory databases have a shortage of local parameters in some countries and need to be developed...
Autori: Iosif Boros
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27289

ECO-FRIENDLY CORRUGATED BOARD AND SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING MANUFACTURING
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 3
The paper is focused on the sustainability of packages manufactured from corrugated board. The arguments proving that corrugated board is an eco-friendly material intended for goods packaging are discussed considering carbon footprint, water footprint, Life Cycle data released as a result of comprehensive analyses elaborated by specialized bodies and scientists. A “cradle-to-cradle” approach is promoted since corrugated board is fully recyclable, it is reusable and easy disposable. M...
Autori: Teofil Cmpean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27290

REDUCING CARBON FOOTPRINT OF A WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANT USING ADVANCED TREATMENT AND RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
In this paper carbon footprint is estimated for wastewater treatment plant Constanta South, Romania, by using a combined model from the available protocols for carbon footprint calculation. Off-site and on-site emissions were taken into account. The carbon footprint calculations were based on the operational data regarding power consumptions, sludge, chemicals and biogas production. A prediction for carbon footprint is done for upgrading wastewater treatment plant. For the current plant technolo...
Autori: Lăcrămioara Diana Robescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27299

INFLUENCE OF SOME PROPERTIES CONCERNING WATER STABLE AGGREGATES OF SALINE SOILS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
According to literature, aggregate stability of soils is influenced by: particle size and soil texture, soil structure, content of Ca2+ and Mg2+, mineral clay type, soil content of organic matter, soil processing degree. This paper aims to investigate the influence of some physical, microbiological and chemical properties of saline soil concerning water-stable aggregate. The hydro system stability of the aggregates appears in the specialized studies as having a positive correlation with microorg...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27300

MOBILE PHONES ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD RADIATION RESEARCH AND ANALYSIS OF ITS DISPERSION BY APPLYING MATLAB7 SOFTWARE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
The propagation of electromagnetic radiation was investigated at different points, and the theory of covariance was applied to identify the main parameters by recording the max, mean and min values of density. The biggest electric field strength values are emitted by the second generation (2G) GSM mobile phones that operate in the frequency band of 900 MHz. The smaller electric field strength values are determined by the higher frequency (1800 MHz) used by mobile phones and smaller maximum power...
Autori: Raimondas Buckus
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27314

IMPACT OF LAND USE ON URBAN WATER-LOGGING DISASTER: A CASE STUDY OF BEIJING AND NEW YORK CITIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
Urban water-logging disasters are induced by multiple causes, such as land use structure, limited capacity of drainage system, climate change and lack of enforcement. Significant increase of impervious surface area is the main cause of urban water-logging disaster in big cities like Beijing. This article takes Beijing “7.21” storm and New York hurricane “Sandy” as examples, and explains the cause of urban water-logging from the perspective of land use structure. In this s...
Autori: Xiaolu Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27318

PREDICTION OF THE CONCENTRATION OF POLLUTANTS WAVE IN AQUATIC ENVIRONMENT USING ROUGH SET THEORY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 5
A possible prediction methodology for the concentration of pollutants wave in aquatic environment using Rough Set Theory is presented. The issue is of increasingly importance especially for early pollution risk warning. The hydro-morphologic complex characteristics of surface water bodies should be taken into account when pollution dispersion models are designed. However, when more characteristics/multi-criteria are taken into account, including pollutants physical-chemical ones and their enviro...
Autori: Georgeta Mădălina Aramă
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27319

Cu2+ REMOVAL FROM WASTEWATERS BY USING COMPOST AS SORBENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
The paper aims to present the sorption properties of two sorbent substrates (composts) prepared by aerobic fermentation from vegetables waste composted with beech sawdust (BR2) and beech ash (BC1) to be used for Cu2+ removal from wastewaters. The composts structures and surface properties were characterised in terms of active groups (FTIR), crystallinity (XRD), morphology (SEM), topography (AFM) and specific surface and pores analysis (BET), and the changes in properties after Cu2+ sorption were...
Autori: Ileana Manciulea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27323

GEOCHEMICAL DISTRIBUTION OF TRACE ELEMENTS IN AN ABANDONED WASTE MINE DUMP FROM GIUMALĂU MOUNTAINS, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
Mining activity implies a series of environmental issues that can have short or long term consequences: deterioration of natural landscape, air, water and soil pollution, negative impact on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems and on human health. The present study was performed on a mine dump from the Giumalau Mountains, Eastern Carpathians, Romania. A number of 28 samples were collected and analysed by ICP-MS for 9 minor elements (As, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) and also by XRD for the m...
Autori: Madalina Paiu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27330

INFLUENCE OF RECENT LAND USE CHANGE ON TOTAL ORGANIC CARBON STOCK IN HUMOR RIVER BASIN
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 4
Inventory and monitoring of total organic carbon stock (TOC) it’s an issue of actuality in the context of breaking into the atmosphere an alarming quantity of CO2 result of human activities. Management and sustainable management of forest and agricultural ecosystems can have a positive influence on maintaining optimal stock of carbon sequestered. A case study achieved in the Humor catchment reveals that changing the land’s utility means important modifications in the quantity of the ...
Autori: Eugen Rusu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27336

SPONTANEOUS COMBUSTION RISK ANALYSIS IN SUBSURFACE ENVIRONMENTS: CARBON MONOXIDE DATA PROCESSING TOOL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
Early detection of spontaneous combustion processes through dedicated tools aimed at processing significant measurement data, can provide major improvement of safety levels in underground working environments. As an index of self-heating event occurrence, the increase in carbon monoxide content in hard coal collieries atmosphere became significant since the early stages of this severe phenomenon. To highlight the changes in carbon monoxide average levels, this paper synthesizes the results of re...
Autori: Roland Iosif Moraru
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27359

A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR DETERMINING THE DIMENSIONLESS HEAT FLUX WITH APPLICATION IN MINE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 6
A major issue in the undergrounding mining is providing the thermal comfort parameters at the work sites and among those the temperature it’s the most important. Also, in calculus of underground mine ventilation, the air temperature must be taken into account. The rate of dimensionless heat flux has a major influence in the mining environment by heating or cooling the air which flows through a mine work. The present paper studies the complex problem of heat transfer between air and the s...
Autori: Dan Codrut Petrilean
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27361

A STUDY ON THE REMOVAL OF CONTAMINANTS FROM SECONDARY TREATED MUNICIPAL WASTEWATER BY SOLAR PHOTOCATALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
The aim of this work was to study the effectiveness of photocatalysis in the removal of contaminants from secondary treated municipal wastewater, on a batch scale. The samples were collected from the outlet of the secondary clarifier in the municipal wastewater plant located at Al Khoudh, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman. The influences of TiO2 catalyst loading and solar radiation exposure time were investigated for the removal of COD and total Coliforms. 60% removal of COD was achieved with a catalyst...
Autori: Anna Jesil Cheriyan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27376

REMOVAL OF HEAVY METALS FROM WASTEWATER BY CHEMICALLY ACTIVATED SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
Effective adsorbents were developed from sewage sludge by chemical activation with different activators (5M ZnCl2, 3M H2SO4, 3M H3PO4, 5M ZnCl2: 3M H2SO4, and 5M ZnCl2: 3M H3PO4). The developed adsorbents were used for the removal of the heavy metals Cd (II), Pb (II), Cu (II) and Mn (II) from wastewater. The effect of several parameters (pH, initial metal ion concentration, adsorbent dose, contact time and solution temperature) on the metal adsorption capacity were evaluated by batch experiments...
Autori: Mohamed Nageeb Rashed
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27385

FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT, FINANCIAL STRUCTURE AND CARBON EMISSION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
Using the panel data of 30 provinces, cities and autonomous regions in China from 1997 to 2013, and taking different finance development and financial structure indexes into consideration, the paper systematically investigate the impact of finance development and finance structure on carbon emission. The results of empirical research show: (1) The financial development efficiency at a provincial level, and in Eastern regions, has a significant effect on carbon emission, illustrating an invert...
Autori: Yu Kong
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27393

EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 7
This work presents an experimental analysis of the influence of a monocrystalline photovoltaic (PV) panels’ temperature on its main operating parameters. Victron Energy, SPM 30-12 PV panel is tested, using a double climatic chamber. The PV panel is placed as a barrier between the two rooms of the climatic chamber. The study is focused on the establishing the effect of raising temperature of PV panel over electrical parameters: voltage, current and power produced and also over the effici...
Autori: Sebastian Valeriu Hudisteanu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27397

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
• EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DE...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27398

Environmental engineering and Management Journal No. 7
Nr. 4
EXPERIMENTAL INVESTIGATION OF TEMPERATURE EFFECTS ON THE PARAMETERS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC PANELS    • CONCENTRATIONS OF CHROMIUM, CADMIUM AND NICKEL IN TWO CONSUMED FISH SPECIES OF PERSIAN GULF, IRAN    • IMPROVING THE ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS BY USING A DRAIN WATER HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM    • ASSESSMENT OF METAL CONTAMINATION AND ECOLOGICAL RISK IN URBAN SOILS SITUATED NEAR A METALLURGICAL COMPLEX    • FINANCIAL DEVELOPME...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27399

EVALUATION OF DIFFERENT STRATEGIES FOR END-OF-LIFE LIQUID CRYSTAL DISPLAYS (LCD) MANAGEMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
End-of-life liquid crystal displays (LCD) represent a potential source of secondary raw materials for their relevant content of valuable materials, like plastics and metals. Furthermore, the combination of traditional and innovative recycling processes allows the recovery of indium, defined as critical raw material by European Commission. In this context, we have evaluated the environmental impacts of different management scenarios: incineration, the current recycling strategies and more inno...
Autori: Alessia Amato
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27401

PREPARATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF NATURAL GLUES WITH CARBON NANOTUBES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The data presented in this work has been obtained from experimental research aiming towards the usage of natural resources of the National Park of Sila in Calabria, Southern Italy. Such resources are: “Laricio” pine resin, beeswax, mineral inert and charcoal to make natural glues. Furthermore, research has been done to find out if by using small quantities of carbon nanotubes, the strength of adhesion of prepared glues improves. Raw materials were characterized by physico–ch...
Autori: Pierantonio De Luca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27402

SMART GROUND PROJECT: A NEW APPROACH TO DATA ACCESSIBILITY AND COLLECTION FOR RAW MATERIALS AND SECONDARY RAW MATERIALS IN EUROPE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Steady Raw Materials (RM) supply is essential for the EU economy and increasingly under pressure to sustain the businesses and industries demand. The supply of RM is not only a matter of availability of primary but also of secondary raw materials (SRM). In fact a great amount of waste can be regained as practical and valuable SRM by enhancing the recovery processes from industrial, mining and municipal landfill sites, especially if we consider that Europe is highly dependent on the imports of...
Autori: Giovanna Antonella Dino
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27403

LIFE-CYCLE CARBON FOOTPRINT ANALYSIS OF THE PARMA HAM P.D.O. (PROTECTED DESIGNATION OF ORIGIN) ON-THE-BONE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The Rural Development Plan (RDP) represent the most important source of contributions and support for the agro-food sector companies in Italy. The European Community planning tool based on a European Structural and Investment Fund (SIE) allows the agricultural and forestry entrepreneurs to undertake projects and investments for the improvement of their companies. During the 2014-2020 RDP program, the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy), promoted a rewarding mechanism to support those companies car...
Autori: Enrico Gerboni
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27404

LOW ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF ALTERNATIVELY SUPPLIED CARS. RESULTS OF AN INVESTIGATION CARRIED OUT IN THE NORTH-EAST OF ITALY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
The transport of both goods and passengers notably influences air quality. If strong decisions by the governments will not be taken, oil consumption for transport will be nearly doubled in 2030 if compared with 2000, thus considerably increasing the atmospheric presence of greenhouse gases. To boost the purchase of alternatively supplied cars would avoid serious, if not catastrophic, climatic changes. Our investigation shows what the situation is concerning new cars sold by SINA, an official ...
Autori: Veronica Novelli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27411

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF SECOND-GENERATION SUGARS PRODUCTION FROM CARDOON RESIDUES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Biofuels and biochemicals are currently centre stage in the on-going scientific and political debate. The prevalent opinion is that their use can significantly reduce the greenhouse gases (GHGs) emissions and primary energy demand along their whole value chain. This study aims at evaluating the environmental impact in terms of GHGs related to carbon dioxide (CO2) of secondgeneration sugars (2GSs) production from cardoon residual biomass. Cardoon is a favourable crop in Mediterranean areas for...
Autori: Maria Teresa Petrone
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27413

CO-DESIGN FOR A CIRCULAR APPROACH IN GREEN TECHNOLOGIES: ADAPTATION OF REUSED BUILDING MATERIAL AS GROWING SUBSTRATE FOR SOILLESS CULTIVATION OF LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa var. capitata)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Improving the awareness of the responsibility of our actions is the basis of achieving the ambitious aim of waste management and prevention established by the European Waste Framework Directive 2008/98/CE and the most recent Circular Economy Package. Circular Economy is connected both to improve manufacturing technologies and also educate people towards responsible consumption and waste reduction. Due to its educational and institutional role, universities provide a context to rethink not on...
Autori: Sara Rizzo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27414

SHARING ECONOMY AND CIRCULAR ECONOMY. HOW TECHNOLOGY AND COLLABORATIVE CONSUMPTION INNOVATIONS BOOST CLOSING THE LOOP STRATEGIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Sharing economy business experiences are rapidly rising worldwide and deeply changing structures and models of customers purchasing attitudes and needs. Inspired by principles of sustainable consumption, its starting point is the idea that every underutilized resource is a wasted resource. Beyond the digital services implemented by sharing platform, there are also social and physical places where communities are experimenting the potential of collaborative and innovative solutions: purchasing...
Autori: Paola Sposato
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27417

ORGANIC WASTE VALORIZATION THROUGH COMPOSTING PROCESS: A FULL-SCALE CASE STUDY IN MAXIXE, MOZAMBIQUE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 8
Organic solid waste and the current lack of sound treatment for its valorisation are of high priority for decision makers in developing countries. Despite the remarkable use of composting processes in those areas, an appropriate scientific literature as well as databases are still lacking, hampering the sustainable implementation of composting process. This paper contributes to cover this gap, presenting a full-scale case study in Maxixe, Mozambique. Technical characteristics and detailed ope...
Autori: Andrea Perteghella
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27419

THE EFFECT OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC PARAMETERS ON WASTE GENERATION AT COUNTY LEVEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
The paper evaluates the effect of selected socio-economic parameters on the generation of municipal waste in Podlasie Province of north-eastern Poland. The study was made over the eight year period (2001-2008) and seventeen separate counties were analyzed. Principal component analysis (PCA) as a multivariate statistical method was used for filtering the data so that only the significant independent variables could be determined. The first component explained over the 54% of waste production v...
Autori: Izabela Anna Talalaj
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27431

USING PCA COMBINED SVM IN THE CLASSIFICATION OF EUTROPHICATION IN DEZ RESERVOIR (IRAN)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
Eutrophication is water pollution initiated by high amounts of plant nutrients. With the excess influx of nutrients from human activities, the eutrophication process begins and causes a breeding ground for algae. The amount of nutrients present in any given cycle will be higher than the levels present in previous cycles. Therefore, it is very important to manage water quality in lakes and dams to prevent and to slow or to reverse the eutrophication process. This can be ensured by using effect...
Autori: Saeed Bashiri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27442

INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF EXPOSURE TO TRAFFIC-RELATED AIR POLLUTION IN IASI CITY, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 9
Despite the industrial decline, air pollution continues to be a major issue in Romanian cities. As in many other urban areas, in Iasi city the traffic is one of the main sources of air pollution which has a high environmental impact, also exposing population’s health to a high risk. The study focuses on the small scale examining the spatial and temporal variability of air pollution in a very important and frequently circulated crossroad, Podu de Piatra. Using various data from air pollu...
Autori: Alexandru Banica
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27443

MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR CALCULATION OF SOIL LOSS ON WATERSHED SLOPES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
Soil erosion by water, sediment transport, sediment deposition and their impact on watershed area are complex processes. Therefore, the state of theoretical knowledge and mathematical modeling of them are still in an incipient phase. Most of the existing mathematical models are based on relations obtained either experimentally or in laboratory conditions, either in situ or physical models; because of existence of multitude factors involved in these processes and influence each other. These m...
Autori: Erika Beilicci
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27449

PERFORMANCE CHARACTERISTICS OF SYNTHETIC ZEOLITE F9 IN TREATING HIGH IRON AND MANGANESE ACID MINE DRAINAGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
The negative effects of acid mine drainage (AMD) on the natural and human environments are well understood in South Africa, yet a robust and economic AMD treatment technology has not been developed. The current study aimed at exploring the performance of synthetic zeolite F9 in AMD treatment with specific focus on iron and manganese removal. For this, batch adsorption mode was adopted for which the effects of adsorbent dosage, initial pH and temperature were investigated. As a result, it was fou...
Autori: Mike Masukume
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27454

THE BEHAVIOR OF MILD STEEL IN WATER CHARACTERIZED BY VOLTAMMETRY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
This paper displays the kinetics of the corrosion process for short-term immersion of seven mild steel samples of similar compositions. A comparison between the data obtained for corrosion process in three types of water: bidistilled water (BW), drinking water (DW) (tap water) and river water (RW) (from Bahlui River, Iasi, Romania) has been done. Electrochemical techniques such as the cyclic voltammetry (CV), the linear voltammetry (LV) and the rotating disk electrode technique (RDE) have been u...
Autori: Alexandra Ciomaga
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27460

STUDY REGARDING THE OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR REDUCING SUGARS PRODUCTION FROM WHEAT STRAWS BY ENZYMATIC HYDROLYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
The purpose of this paper is to present the results regarding the obtaining of reducing sugars at the enzymatic hydrolysis of the lignocellulosic material, wheat straws. For these, the lignocellulosic material was submitted to a preliminary pretreatment for destruction of the cellulose crystalline structure and to increase the material's susceptibility to the enzymatic attack. The preliminary pretreated material with diluted acid (0.5%-4%) or with water at different temperatures (120-170&ord...
Autori: Eufrozina Albu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27463

MEASUREMENTS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC SCATTERED FIELDS OF SOME RF AND MICROWAVE EQUIPMENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
In many laboratories, offices and home rooms exists devices and equipment working in the radio frequency (RF) and microwave (MW) bands. People working with these equipments may be exposed to electromagnetic fields of high density that can produce adverse effects on human health. It is suitable to perform measurements on the scattered fields, especially in the near-field regions (Fresnel’ radiating and reactive regions), where the incident power density can reach dangerous levels for occ...
Autori: Sorin-Bogdan Balmus
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27466

ASSESSMENT OF OSCULATING VALUE METHOD BASED ON ENTROPY WEIGHT TO TRANSPORTATION ENERGY CONSERVATION AND EMISSION REDUCTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
To assess energy conservation and emission reduction effect on traffic and transportation at macro level more scientifically, the evaluation system based on the improved osculating value method for transportation is established. Information entropy weight is introduced to the traditional osculating value method and the numerical matrix normalization process in the osculating value method is simplified. The pollutant emission and the energy consumption is defined as negative index, and the capaci...
Autori: Yang Yang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27470

EVOLUTION OF ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATION STRATEGY AMONG LOCAL GOVERNMENTS AND ITS IMPACT ON REGIONAL ECOLOGICAL EFFICIENCY IN CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 10
An evolutionary game of environmental regulation among local governments in China was established in this paper, and we analyzed the dynamic evolution rules of the environmental regulation strategy among local governments as well as the impact of environmental regulation on regional ecological efficiency in China by using the spatial panel simultaneous equations based on the panel data of various regions in China from 2007 to 2014. The research results show that the local government will adjust ...
Autori: Li Xing
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27471

DEVELOPMENT OF A BIOLUMINESCENT CYANOBACTERIAL REPORTER STRAIN FOR DETECTION OF ARSENITE, ARSENATE AND ANTIMONITE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
In the present study the potential of a gene fusion between the arsB promoter from Synechocystis 6803 and the bacterial luxAB genes was evaluated to be used as a cyanobacterial bioreporter for monitoring the bioavailability of inorganic arsenic species. A whole-cell bioreporter strain, designated arsLux, was constructed based on this fusion. In concert with the specificity of the promoter presented earlier, luminescent signal could be detected upon exposure to arsenite, arsenate and antimonite, ...
Autori: Loredana Peca
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27473

USE OF ZINC ASH FROM GALVANIZATION AS A SOURCE OF ZINC OXIDE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
This paper reports the possibility of using zinc ash as a secondary source for zinc oxide, which can be further used as white pigment. For the extraction of zinc from zinc ash, sulphuric acid was used. The impact of different parameters (ash fraction, contact time, sulphuric acid concentration and liquid:solid (L:S) ratio) upon the extraction degree of metallic ions from zinc ash was studied. The optimum conditions for the metallic ions extraction are: 20 % H2SO4, 30 minutes contact time, 1:1 L:...
Autori: Adina Negrea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27475

PERFORMANCE OF MODIFIED BENTONITES FOR ADSORPTION OF PHENOL: MECHANISMS, KINETICS AND ISOTHERMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Three modified bentonites, hydroxy-aluminum pillared bentonite (Al(OH)-Bent), cetyl trimethylammonium bromide modified bentonite (CTAB-Bent), and both cetyl trimethylammonium bromide and hydroxy-aluminum modified bentonite (Al(OH)-CTAB-Bent) were prepared and characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis. Batch experiments were conducted on the adsorption of phenol at different temperatures, pH and initial concentration. The results indicated that adsorption capacity o...
Autori: Xiping Luo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27481

ANALYSIS OF PARTICULATE MATTERS IN AIR OF PALM OIL MILLS - A STATISTICAL ASSESSMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The particulate matter samples were studied in the surrounding of the different mills in Penang and Kedah State, Malaysia. Multivariate statistical techniques such as multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA), discriminant analysis (DA) and principal components analysis (PCA) were applied in analyzing the air quality data. MANOVA showed a strong significant difference between the five palm oil mills. DA identified two functions responsible for discriminating the mills and it showed that the...
Autori: Nik Norulaini Nik Abd. Rahman
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27484

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN FOR THE OPTIMIZATION OF COPPER BIOSORPTION BY IMMOBILIZED NANOSCALE Lentinus edodes
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
An experimental design methodology was applied to study the copper removal from aqueous solutions by immobilized nanoscale Lentinus edodes. The effect of the various variables (biomass loading, initial metal ions concentration, PH, contact time, agitation speed and temperature) were studied in the batch experiment. The results showed that pH, contact time and agitation speed were the most significant variables on biosorption of copper ions determined by Minimum Run Equireplicated Res V Design...
Autori: Rong Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27487

OPTIMIZATION OF BIOMASS AND ENDO-Β-1,4-GLUCANASE BY WHITE ROT FUNGI NATIVE FROM ARGENTINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
A large number of microorganisms are capable of producing cellulases; however, fungi are considered among the most active enzymes producers. Different strains of white rot fungi (WRF) were reported to have a great potential for biotechnological applications and cellulase enzymes is much involved in this effect, especially for bioethanol production. Misiones is included in a forest region characterized by a vast biodiversity, and within this environment, a large number of microorganisms can be...
Autori: Ernesto M. Giorgio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27489

POLLUTION LOAD AND ECOLOGICAL REPLENISHMENT PLAN OF LIJIANG RIVER, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Lijiang River is the link of Guilin landscape and the golden waterway of Guilin tourism. With the development of social economy, the pollution problem of Lijiang River in recent decades has become more and more serious, which has aroused widespread concern and attention. However, the study on the reduction of river pollution load is seldom found reported until now. In this paper, the pollutant load of Lijiang River is estimated by equal standard pollution load method and the water pollution mode...
Autori: Ronghui Li
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27490

STUDY ON SEDIMENT EVOLUTION OF THE LOWER YELLOW RIVER BASED ON WAVELET ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
Studying on evolution law of sediment concentration in the lower Yellow River, revealing the evolution cycle and the relationship with the grain size of sediment have an important guiding significance for the governance of sediment in the Lower Yellow River. Based on the sediment data concentration of four important hydrological stations, Huayuankou, Gaocun, Aishan and Lijin, in the lower Yellow River. The evolution of the sediment sequence cycle were studied using Morlet wavelet analysis the co...
Autori: Xianqi Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27491

EMPIRICAL GREENS FUNCTION DECONVOLUTION APPLIED FOR VRANCEA EARTHQUAKES OCCURRED IN THE LAST TEN YEARS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 11
The Vrancea seismogenic area, located at the South-Eastern Carpathians in Romania, is generating extreme destructive subcrustal earthquakes in Europe. The largest events generated in the last ten years in the Vrancea subcrustal domain occurred on May 14, 2005 (01:53, 45.64oN, 26.53oE, h=149 km, Mw = 5.5), April 25, 2009 (17:18, 45.68oN, 26.62oE, h=110 km, Mw = 5.4) and October 6, 2013 (01:37, 45.67oN, 26.58oE, h=135 km, Mw = 5.2). The purpose of the present paper is to determine the seismic ...
Autori: Mircea Radulian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27492

LEGAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROBLEMS IN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT IN TURKEY: CASE OF TATLIAY WATERSHED
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Sustainable Integrated Watershed Management (SIWM) paradigm is becoming more important in terms of managing and protecting natural resources in many countries. Turkey’s biggest problem is that the state organization and structure of the legislation are not appropriate for SIWM paradigm. Between government institutions as synchronous and concentric work has not yet developed. On the other hand, there are incompatibilities in the shareholders’ expectations and requests that makes devel...
Autori: Ceyhun Gl
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27501

REMOVAL OF MULTILAN RED AND MULTI-ACTIVE BLUE DYES FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION AND OXIDATION TECHNIQUES: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETICS AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
This study evaluated the performances of adsorption and Fenton oxidation for the removal of multilan red (MLR) and multi-active blue (MActB) dyes from aqueous solution. Zeolite, the adsorbent used in the study was modified using two surfactants: hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HDTMA-Br) and cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB). The modified zeolite characterized using FTIR, SEM and XRD analysis. The modification studies revealed that HDTMA-modified zeolite exhibited better performance than ...
Autori: Jacob Kitinya
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27505

INFLUENCE OF CHANNEL TRAFFIC AND KOYCEGİZ LAKE ON THE WATER QUALITY OF DALYAN CHANNEL NETWORK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Köyceğiz-Dalyan Lagoon is situated in the southwestern region of Turkey. The area between the Köyceğiz Lake and the sea is covered with four small lakes and numerous canals. The Dalyan Channel network connects lake to the Mediterranean Sea is one of the most important reproduction areas for Mediterranean Sea turtles. The objectives of the present study are to evaluate the influence of channel traffic and Köyceğiz Lake on the water quality of Dalyan Channel by evalua...
Autori: Başak Kılı Taşeli
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27507

THE IMPACT OF ENVIRONMENTAL TAX REFORM ON GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS: EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE FROM EUROPEAN COUNTRIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Climate change is a major threat for our planet, with major negative impacts on economies and populations. International and regional organizations, nongovernmental organizations, and governments have joined forces to take meaningful action against it. The European Union has also prioritised the fight against climate change, creating and implementing economic measures as part of its evolving environmental policy. The aim of our paper is to empirically evaluate the effects of environmental tax...
Autori: Mihaela Onofrei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27515

TRIGGERING EVENTS FOR CORPORATE ENTREPRENEURSHIP LEADING TO INVESTMENTS IN RENEWABLE ENERGY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 16Nr. 12
Renewable energy investments may be threatened by uncertainty regarding current support regulations. Incentives for investments would need to integrate more aspects regarding the companies that enter the renewable energy market. The current paper explores the triggering events for corporate entrepreneurship that lead to investments in the renewable energy field. It presents an empirical analysis based on a qualitative approach, aiming at identifying which types of triggering events influence ...
Autori: Adrian Dumitru Tanţău
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27517

ADSORPTION CHARACTERISTICS OF Cr(VI) ON CARBONIZED Eupatorium adenophorum SPRENG
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
The potential use of a novel low-cost adsorbent, Eupatorium adenophorum Spreng, as a solution to remove Cr(VI) ions from aqueous was reported. Effects of various regulating parameters, such as pH value of reaction, adsorbent dosage and temperature, were investigated. To fit the adsorption equilibrium data, Langmuir isotherm and Freundlich isotherm were invoked. Additionally, thermodynamic parameters of the adsorption process, such as ΔG, ΔS and ΔH, were also calculated. The res...
Autori: Chen Jin-fa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27535

USING WASTE FOUNDRY SAND FOR THE REMOVAL OF MALACHITE GREEN DYE FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS - KINETIC AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
The aim of this study was to examine the adsorption of malachite green dye from aqueous solutions on the waste foundry sand. The effects of contact time, adsorbent amount, pH and initial dye concentration were investigated. The equilibrium adsorption data were analyzed by Langmuir, Freundlich and Temkin adsorption isotherm models. The adsorption capacity of waste foundry sand for the removal of malachite green dye was determined with the Langmuir and found to be 23.29 mg/g. The adsorption isothe...
Autori: Elif Hatice Grkan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27536

CASTOR LEAF POWDER AS A BIOSORBENT FOR Cu(II) REMOVAL AND PRECONCENTRATION OF NATURAL WATER SAMPLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
This paper describes the preparation and use of a low cost biosorbent made of castor leaves for the extraction of Cu(II) from an aqueous medium. The biosorbent was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), surface area and pore diameter measurements. The results showed absorption bands of carboxylic and amide groups at 1738 and 1540 cm-1, respectively, and the measured surface area was 1.3728 ± 0.0160 m2 g-1, with predominance of microporous < 10.51 Å. ...
Autori: Milene S. Pereira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27540

LANDSLIDE SURVEILLANCE USING A WIRELESS MEASUREMENT GRID
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 1
This paper presents a wireless landslide measurement grid based on new type of transducers. Magnetic strain gauges are used as sensitive element for the transducer. Measurements regarding landslide displacement and orientation were done using strain gauges based on amorphous magnetic microwires (MAW). In order to identify small changes in the monitoring area, a grid of multiple measurement points is placed. Measurement nodes acquire modulus and direction of displacement vector reporting the dat...
Autori: Cătălin Damian
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27544

NEW COMPLEX COMPOUNDS WITH β-AMINOISOBUTYRIC ACID BIDENTATE LIGAND FOR POTENTIAL APPLICATION IN SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
The synthesis and the study of the complexes obtained in this paper represent the beginning of our research for applied coordinative compounds of this type in agriculture. The analysis and the study of Mn(II) complexes with DL-β-Aminoisobutyric acid as ligand were accomplished in aqueous and alcoholic solution and also in solid state.The composition ratios and the stability of the synthesised compounds were analysed with specific methods: conductance, pH measurements, spectrophotometry and ...
Autori: Doina Sibiescu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27549

MASS TRANSFER IN SOLID-LIQUID EXTRACTION AT HIGH SOLUTE CONCENTRATIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
The solid-liquid extraction process and some of its influencing factors such as solid-liquid ratio, temperature and salt initial amount have been investigated. Also, mathematical modeling for mass transfer coefficients calculation was applied. An inert porous solid material (coal), impregnated with 10% and 20% mass NaCl or 15% and 30% mass CaCl2, was used. The leaching was conducted in a fixed bed column, in laminar flow. The CaCl2 impregnated samples were investigated in a column with a height...
Autori: Marcel Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27557

PASSENGER CAR DEPENDENCY AND CONSEQUENT AIR POLLUTANTS EMISSIONS IN IASI METROPOLITAN AREA (ROMANIA)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Urban expansion, often seen as an indicator of economic growth and a possible response to housing crisis in big cities, is the main driver for carbon emissions in the metropolitan area due to higher values of household income, vehicle ownership and home size. The transport related pollution includes over 200 different compounds: besides CO2 emissions, CO, NOx, BTX and dust resulting from exhausting processes, from abrasive wear of brakes, tires and road surfaces. The expansion of the urban areas...
Autori: Lucian Roșu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27560

COST-EFFECTIVENESS OF OPTIMIZING CONCENTRATED FEED BLENDS TO DECREASE GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Livestock production is under growing public and scientific scrutiny for its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This article contains a preliminary assessment of the inclusion of upstream life-cycle GHG emissions in concentrated feeds design, using the most common nonlinear programming optimization algorithms to determine feed composition. First, GHG emissions are included as costs in a single criteria optimization problem. The unit price of GHG emissions was obtained using a genetic algorithm. Sec...
Autori: Ricardo F.M. Teixeira
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27572

AN ENHANCED ENVIRONMENTAL MULTIMEDIA MODELLING SYSTEM (FEMMS): PART II USER INTERFACE AND FIELD VALIDATION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 4
Environmental quantitative risk assessment requires the development of multimedia modeling tools to address dynamic site conditions at field scale. This work is the second part in a two-part series. A new fuzzy-set enhanced environmental multimedia modeling system (FEMMS) has been presented in Part I. Environmental multimedia modeling often involves a sizeable amount of parameters and data. The challenges have been the difficulties to quantify the uncertainties and to manage the data and main mo...
Autori: Zhi Chen
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27573

CHOICE OF SITE AND RANKING ELEMENTARY WATERSHED FOR HYDRAULIC EQUIPMENT USED FOR IRRIGATION APPLICATIONS TO THE TERRITORY OF WILAYA OF MOSTAGANEM ALGERIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
The selection of the favourite elementary watershed for a hill reservoir needs the association of all the essential criteria and all the interested decision makers. A geographical information system (GIS) is a strong tool for studying spatial data but it does not offer an appropriate decision making methodology. Due to their spatial aggregation functions, Multicriteria Analysis (MCA) methods can simplify decision making in situations where various solutions are available, and when several criter...
Autori: Mohamed Zaoui
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27594

MULTIVARIATE STATISTICAL ANALYSES OF DANUBE RIVER WATER QUALITY AT GALATI, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 5
This paper presents the research on the temporal variability of water quality parameters for the most important river system in Romania and Europe – Danube River. The data on the river water quality had been obtained during ten years. The investigation was systematic and complex. Using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, and traditional statistical methods based on correlation matrix - Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Factor Analysis (FA), and ANOVA all the samples data sets were classified...
Autori: Paula Popa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27601

Pb (ΙΙ) REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION BY ADSORPTION ON ACTIVATED CARBON FROM KIWI PEEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
A new low-cost activated carbon was developed from kiwi peel for removing Pb(II) from aqueous solution. The adsorbent characteristics were determined by different analyses such as BET, FTIR and SEM. The adsorbent demonstrated remarkable characteristics such as high surface area (306.18 m2.g-1) and large total pore volume (0.4810 cm3.g-1). The effect of pH, contact time, initial concentration, shaking rate and adsorbent dosage on the Pb removal efficiency was investigated. It was found that the o...
Autori: Mostafa Rahimnejad
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27605

FLY ASH CONCRETE WITH FIBERS: COMPARISON OF TENSILE STRENGTH USING NEURAL NETWORK AND DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS METHODS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Neural networks are a series of simple mathematical models, created on the architecture of human brain which gives a superior capacity of learning based on numerous connections established among neurons. The artificial neural networks have strong units of processing which are characterized by an extreme simplicity, but because of their whole interaction, the results are complex. The paper presents the comparison of two methods: mathematical regression and artificial neural network, used for pred...
Autori: Daniel Lepadatu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27608

BINARY BIOSORPTION OF Cu(II)-Pb(II) MIXTURES ONTO PINE NUTS SHELL IN BATCH AND PACKED BED SYSTEMS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
The study of binary biosorption of Pb(II) and Cu(II) was performed by pine nuts shell. Results were compared with the single biosorption of Pb(II) and the single biosorption of the Cu(II). Experiments were performed in batch stirred and in a continuous system. The presence of lead caused a slightly decrease of the copper biosorption yield and can be related to the copper equilibrium uptake. This antagonistic action can be related to competition phenomena between metal ions in solution for active...
Autori: Gabriel Blzquez
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27611

STUDY OF THE DEVOLATILIZATION KINETICS OF KENAF BY ISOCONVERSIONAL METHODS. INFLUENCE OF VARIABLES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
The thermal degradation of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus) under the effect of several variables (particle size, Ar flow rate, sample initial mass and heating rate) was investigated. From experimental data and by application of various model-free methods (Friedman, Kissinger-Akahira-Sunose and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa), the activation energies (EA) were calculated as a function of conversion. The results obtained allowed to conclude that kenaf follows a multi-stage degradation mechanism, with EA values rang...
Autori: Silvia Romn
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27617

FLUCTUATION OF RIVER NETWORK WATER ENVIRONMENTAL CARRYING CAPACITY IN A COMPLICATED RIVER-LAKE SYSTEM
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 6
Aiming at river network in a complicated river-lake system, a new water environmental carrying capacity (WECC) calculation method was presented based on multi-objectives including water quality objectives for rivers, water quality objectives for control sections, pollution zones length at the sewage outlets and pollution zones area at the external lake inlets. The river network to the northwest of Lake Taihu was selected as the study area. Based on this new method, the WECC fluctuation was an...
Autori: Hua Wang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27627

MARINE AEROSOL FLUXES DETERMINED BY SIMULTANEOUS MEASUREMENTS OF EDDY COVARIANCE AND GRADIENT METHOD
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
In this paper the results of the aerosol flux measurements in near water boundary layer are presented. Measurements were conducted using two micrometeorological methods in the southern Baltic Sea region. The preliminary results of comparisons of two methods are discussed. The eddy covariance (EC) method is shown as a method for the calibration of the gradient method (GM). The reason for proceeding with such calibration is to show that the GM, which is an indirect measuring method, is comparable ...
Autori: Piotr Markuszewski
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27630

EFFECTS OF OZONATION ON THE ULTRAFILTRATION OF MEAT INDUSTRY WASTEWATER
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Water is currently becoming a strategically important material, and the importance of water and wastewater treatment technologies is therefore increasing. Wastewater from the food industry has many special features originating from its high organic matter content. Meat industry wastewater additionally has a high fat content. We investigated the effects of ultrafiltration and ozonation, individually and in combination, for the treatment of meat industrial wastewater. Ozone gas was generated from ...
Autori: Cecilia Hodr
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27631

EXPOSURE ASSESSMENT OF TRAFFIC-RELATED AIR POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH - A CASE STUDY OF A METROPOLITAN CITY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
The present study aims to examine and model the adverse effects of vehicular emission on urban air quality and consequently on human health. It will facilitate the town planners to quantify the ill effects of vehicle generated air pollutants on human health to enable them to decide due weightage to be given to this attribute at planning level. Allahabad, a metropolitan city of India has been selected as the study area. Monitoring was conducted at various locations in the study area to evaluate t...
Autori: Binay K. Singh
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27638

A NEW SIMPLE INDEX FOR THE ESTIMATION OF ENERGY IMPACTS ON THE ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
A new methodology is presented for relating the generation and/or the consumption of heat and electrical energy to the rate of CO2, NO2, and SO2 emissions to the environment. Two indices are provided for the precise determination of emissions of these gases to the atmosphere and are of help in the analysis and comparison of the quality and efficiency of energy options. The indices have no linear dependency on energy consumptions (unlike EIA and EPA methodologies) and can be applied to any indust...
Autori: Mohammad Hossein Ordouei
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27640

GREENHOUSE ENVIRONMENT MONITORING AND CONTROL: STATE OF THE ART AND CURRENT TRENDS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
This paper reviews the recent developments and implementations for greenhouses facilities, focusing on recent progress regarding greenhouse environment monitoring and control with many available application examples. State of the art and current trends concerning the main parts of the greenhouse environment automation are discussed: i) greenhouse climate models, ii) wireless sensor networks, iii) remote monitoring/command and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems, iv) image pr...
Autori: Eugen Horatiu Gurban
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27644

REMOVAL OF AQUEOUS Cu(II) WITH NATURAL KAOLIN: KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 2
Copper pollution is common across the world and has caused serious public health problems recently. Among the conventional methods, adsorption has proved effective, economic, versatile and simple for the removal of aqueous Cu(II) contaminants. Deposits of natural Kaolin are abundant around the world, and are regarded as valueless due to its limited usage in industry. In this study, the adsorption behavior of natural Kaolin towards Cu(II) was evaluated. According to the results, the isothermal ad...
Autori: Qiang Tang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27651

THE (DOMINANCE BASED) ROUGH SET APPROACH APPLIED TO AIR POLLUTION IN A HIGH RISK RATE INDUSTRIAL AREA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
This study presents a Rough Set Analysis (RSA) application, partially based on dominance in relation to air micro-pollution management in an industrial place with a high environmental risk rate, such as the industrial area of Siracusa, located in the South of Italy. This new data analysis instrument has been applied to different decisional problems in various fields with considerable success. Therefore, it is believed that it could also be used for the environmental issue related to multi-att...
Autori: Agata Matarazzo
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27663

ESTIMATION OF REAL-SKY GLOBAL AND DIFFUSE RADIATION FOR BRAŞOV URBAN AREA, ROMANIA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
This paper proposes a study on the estimation of daily solar irradiation (global and diffuse irradiation) under real-sky conditions and the validation of proposed estimation models by analyzing the most important statistical indicators. Two types of regressions are proposed for the estimation of solar daily global irradiation; the first type is based on the second order degree Ångström-Prescott correlations; the second type uses the second order Ångström-Prescott correla...
Autori: Elena Eftimie
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27670

MANAGEMENT PLANNING METHOD FOR SUSTAINABLE ENERGY PRODUCTION FROM FOREST BIOMASS: DEVELOPMENT OF AN OPTIMIZATION SYSTEM AND CASE STUDY FOR A FINNISH ENERGY PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 3
In this study, we consider a potential Finnish solution to sustainable energy production to satisfy the European Union's forestrelated energy policies related to climate change. Conventional energy production includes a number of fossil fuel, peat, and renewable fuel procurement chains that supply a combined heat and power (CHP) plant during different periods of the year. In Finland, peat is commonly used as fuel by energy plants. However, it is not environmentally friendly because it is ...
Autori: Teijo Sakari Palander
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27672

COMPARING MAMDANI AND SUGENO HIERARCHICAL FUZZY SYSTEMS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT: A PIPELINE PROJECT CASE STUDY
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Several studies have been conducted in various fields comparing Mamdani and Sugeno fuzzy inference systems (FISs). This study contributes to the literature by comparing the performance of Mamdani and Sugeno hierarchical fuzzy systems (HFSs) in terms of their technical performance within the context of environmental impact assessment (EIA), a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) method, with the aim of illuminating practical issues that need to be taken into account during application. The con...
Autori:
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27681

REMOVAL OF HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM USING TWO INNOVATIVE ADSORBENTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Hexavalent chromium Cr(VI), a constituent of wastewater from many industries, is regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as one of the priority pollutants. Adsorption is an important technique that can be used for Cr(VI) removal from wastewater. The challenge in adsorption techniques is to find a cheap, widely available adsorbent that has a high adsorption capacity to Cr(VI). Dates stones (DS) and palm fiber (PF) are two agricultural wastes that are produced from palm trees. These...
Autori: Reda Abubeah
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27689

FACTORS AFFECTING THE PATTERN OF VEGETATION CARBON DENSITY IN A KARST REGION IN NORTHWEST GUANGXI, CHINA
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The changing characteristics of vegetation carbon patterns in the karst region of northwest Guangxi, China and their impact factors were analyzed on the basis of vegetation inventory data from 2005 to 2010. A radial basis function network model (RBFN) was constructed using data from 1377 samples and 13 environmental factors. The results for the 5-year study period were as follows: (1) The total carbon storage of vegetation had increased with an annual growth rate of 1.84% and the carbon density ...
Autori: Mingyang Zhang
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27692

ANALYSIS OF COMMERCIALLY AVAILABLE BOTTLED WATER IN POLAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
Bottled water (commonly called mineral) makes an important source of minerals for humans. Its consumption has been systematically rising in the highly industrialized countries, even though not every water type has appropriate health properties. As a result, drinking bottled water ought to be supported with understanding its qualities and physicochemical content. The following article presents the results of the research into pH levels, electrical conductivity, selected inorganic anions (F-, Cl-...
Autori: Rajmund Michalski
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27693

APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY (RSM) FOR OPTIMIZATION OF ZINC EXTRACTION FROM ANAEROBIC SEWAGE SLUDGE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 7
The reuse of sewage sludge will be increasing in the future, with expansion of sewerage works and advanced sewage treatments. During anaerobic digestion of sewage sludge from wastewater treatment plants the humification of organic matter will have an important effect on the physico-chemical forms of heavy metals. The aim of our paper was to investigate mobility of zinc from dried anaerobic sludge (DANS) from municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) via single step (simultaneous) extraction pr...
Autori: Vladimr Fritk
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27695

KINETICS AND ISOTHERM ANALYSIS OF Cd2+ REMOVAL FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS BY ION EXCHANGE PROCESS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
In the present study, Dowex HCR-S/H, cationic resin was used as a resin for the removal of cadmium from aqueous solutions. The experiments were carried out in a batch vessel. Subsequent experiments were performed as a function of initial solution pH, resin dosage, agitation time, initial Cd2+ concentration, solution temperature and agitation speed. Ion exchange rate increased with the increase in initial cadmium concentration, stirring speed and temperature. The Langmuir, Freundlich, Elovich,...
Autori: Baybars Ali Fil
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27777

HEXAVALENT CHROMIUM ADSORPTION CAPABILITY ONTO CARBON BLACK: KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC ASPECTS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The adsorption rate and dynamic behavior of the system are important factors as regards the process design and operational control. The aim of this study was to find a suitable kinetic model for the hexavalent chromium removal in a batch reactor. The experimental data were analyzed using four adsorption kinetic models: the pseudo- first and second order equations, the Elovich equation, and the intraparticle diffusion equation, so as to determine the best fit equation of the Cr(VI) adsorption ont...
Autori: Ankica Radjenovic
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27773

DIRECT SHEAR PROPERTIES OF LIGHTLY CEMENTED SOIL POLYSTYRENE BACKFILL MATERIAL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Geocomposite materials consisting of lightly cemented mixtures of expanded polystyrene beads (EPS) and backfill soils are commonly used as fillers and for the construction of light weight embankments. The constant normal stress (CNS) and constant volume (CV) direct shear parameters as well as the relationship between gradation properties of four residual granular backfill soils and direct shear parameters of lightly cemented mixture of EPS and backfill soils was evaluated. The maximum density an...
Autori: Felix Okonta
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27771

CURRENT TRENDS IN SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS. THE CASE OF WEST BANK REGION, PALESTINE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Higher Education Institutions in Palestine are considered to have one of the main contributors to solid waste generation according to local authorities’ annual reporting. Besides being major players in the education field, they are presented with the opportunity of being also key players in the promotion of waste minimization and awareness raising towards solid waste management strategies. In the present paper the results of an extended field research in the Palestinian Higher Education...
Autori: Issam A. Al-Khatib
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27769

EFFECTS OF SOIL pH ON MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF GLASS REINFORCED PLASTIC PIPES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Influence of soil pH on the mechanical characteristics of glass reinforced plastic (GRP) pipes type was often investigated in different situations encountered in the field. GRP degradation is directly proportional to the exposure to soil with non-neutral reaction. The theoretical and experimental results lead during time to design standards, which allow the application of GRP pipes in water and soil, so as minimum interferences with the materials used in the manufacture of pipes would appear. Sa...
Autori: Ana Diana Ancas
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27768

HIGHLY EFFICIENT REMOVAL OF CADMIUM FROM AQUEOUS SOLUTION USING POLYMER-STABILIZED ZERO-VALENT IRON NANOPARTICLES: EQUILIBRIUM, KINETIC AND THERMODYNAMIC STUDIES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Bare zero-valent iron nanoparticles (bare-ZVIN) have a great tendency to aggregate, which drops their reactivity with pollutants. To address this issue, polyvinylpyrrolidone stabilized-ZVIN (PVP-ZVIN) was synthesized and used for the removal of Cd2+ from aqueous solution in a batch system. The effects of operation conditions such as the pH of aqueous solution (2-8), reaction time (0-120), adsorbent concentration (1-6 g L-1) and the initial Cd2+ concentration (10-60 mg L-1) on the removal efficie...
Autori: Amirhosein Ramazanpour Esfahani
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27764

COMPARATIVE COMPUTATIONAL INTELLIGENCE APPROACH FOR HEAT TRANSFER ANALYSIS OF CORRUGATED PLATE HEAT EXCHANGERS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
6In this paper, an application artificial neural network (ANN) and adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) are presented to predict the heat transfer rate and effectiveness in the corrugated plate heat exchangers. First, the thermal performances of the corrugated plate heat exchangers were evaluated experimentally. Experimental data were used for training and testing network. The results of the ANN are compared with the ANFIS in which the same data sets are used. The ANN model is slight...
Autori: Bayram Kılı
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27763

EXTREMELY LOW-FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD DUE TO POWER SUBSTATIONS IN URBAN ENVIRONMENT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
The objective of this paper is to measure magnetic flux density and electric field intensity due to selected power substations in the city of Tehran to evaluate the difference between the measured parameters and threshold levels specified in relevant standards. Hence, three types of power substations of 63, 230 and 400 kV were randomly selected. Based on confidence level of 95% (α =0.05), 250 measurements were made at various distances from power substations. It is found that the results o...
Autori: Parvin Nassiri
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27762

PLANNING AND DECISION-MAKING MODELS IN ECOLOGICAL ENGINEERING APPLIED TO TAIWAN MID-WEST COAST
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
The aim of this study is to identify the influential factors which affect the planning and construction process in coastal ecological engineering. Through the application of AHP to analyze weight, it applies the data obtained from descriptive statistics as a reference in decision-making. Research methods are by means of expert questionnaire. To understand the same and different points of views from the experts and scholars, then according to different purposes it uses the results of this study i...
Autori: Chi-Shun Hsu
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27732

POLLUTION SOURCES IN WATER OF YOUNG RESERVOIRS - CASE OF ILARION HYDROELECTRIC DAM, GREECE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Evaluation of spatial/ temporal water quality data at reservoirs has shown differences after the dam construction as well as long-term changes of water chemistry. One of the most recent reservoirs created in Europe is Ilarion Reservoir in Western Macedonia – Greece (2012). In this work, the water physicochemical characteristics of this young reservoir and the spatiotemporal water quality variation of the feeding river and its main tributaries have been studied, and statistically interprete...
Autori: Elisavet Amanatidou
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27737

EMISSION INTENSITY AND ABATEMENT COST OF FOSSIL FUEL POWER PLANTS IN THAILAND
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
Monitoring of air emission and pollution control cost is a key to improve air quality management of electricity generation industry. This research comprehensively evaluates abatement cost of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), emission intensity and emission inventory of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), particulate matter (PM), and carbon dioxide (CO2) emitted from Thailand’s fossil fuel power plants. The research applied bottom-up approach with continuously monitored ...
Autori: Wasin Pinprateep
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27740

REMOVAL OF COPPER FROM INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER USING MANGANESE FERRITE NANOPARTICLES: EVALUATION OF EQUILIBRIUM AND KINETIC MODEL
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
In this study, the removal of Cu(II) from real industrial wastewater, being taken from galvanotechnic industry, by means of manganese ferrite (MnFe2O4) nanoparticles (NPs) was investigated. The effects of pH, adsorbent dosage, and contact time on Cu(II) removal from wastewater were monitored using the real wastewater while the effect of initial concentration was studied on synthetic aqueous solutions. Optimal conditions were found for copper removal in this study. Cu(II) removal and adsorption c...
Autori: Naim Sezgin
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27743

EXPLORING THE POTENTIAL OF EO DATA AND GIS FOR ECOSYSTEM HEALTH MODELING IN RESPONSE TO WILDFIRE: A CASE STUDY IN CENTRAL GREECE
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
In this study, the development of a suitable methodology for establishing and monitoring indicators of Ecosystem Health (EH) and its responses to wildfire using Earth Observation (EO) data synergistically with Geographical Information Systems (GIS) is investigated. The proposed methodology combined GIS and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus (ETM+) data to assess ecosystem characteristics, including its vigor, organization and resilience, for a case study in Central Gr...
Autori: Aaron Evans
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27745

CHANGE OF THE GROUNDWATER QUALITY FROM INDUSTRIAL AREA ORADEA, ROMANIA, USING GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS)
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
During the years 1965-1985, a veritable industrial platform was developed in the west part of Oradea, Bihor County, Romania. It stretches on an area of 9 sq. km. and is placed in the meadow of Crisul Repede River. Throughout that period, several industrial facilities were built that lately became sources of pollution for the environment. The purpose of the present paper is to study the influence of historical stages of industrialization and restructuring of enterprises in Western Oradea, address...
Autori: Tamara Romocea
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27747

ECOLOGICAL RISK PREDICTION IN RELATION TO THE POTENTIAL DETRIMENTAL CONSEQUENCES AT DISPOSAL OF DIFFERENT INDUSTRIAL WASTES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
The ecological risk related to the wastes disposal is that attached to functioning, closure and the post-closure phases of an ecological landfill lyfe cycle. The prediction of ecological risk in each of those three phases - i.e. the manifestation and evolution of possible negative consequences of different severities for different environmental targets - is an endeavor that organizations that possess and operate those ecological landfills should consider in order to ensure the maximum protection...
Autori: Lidia Kim
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27748

EVALUATION OF HUMAN HEALTH RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH PESTICIDE DIETARY INTAKE - AN OVERVIEW ON QUANTITATIVE UNCERTAINTY ANALYSIS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 9
The probabilistic estimation and the risk analysis of the exposure to pesticides through the ingestion of plants and food products is an important task for ensuring informed decision making and appropriate consumer protection. Monte Carlo-based methods are powerful tools in this regard, allowing for the empirical estimation of the distribution of exposure values, as well as for carrying out a corresponding uncertainty analysis. Such findings are important for assessing the exposure risk for mult...
Autori: Petronela Cozma
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27754

SORPTION OF SELECTED CHLORINATED SOLVENTS ON PLANT DEBRIS COLLECTED IN A CITY PARK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 8
Debris from deciduous trees in the form of park green waste was investigated as a potential biosorbent for the removal of chlorinated solvents from water. The sorption properties of beech leaves and cupules, oak leaves and acorns, birch leaves and lime leaves (all tree species common for a moderate climate) in a non-modified form were investigated with regard to the removal of perchloroethylene, 1,1,2-trichloroethane and 1,1,1,2-tetrachlorothane. The preliminary results showed that these biosorb...
Autori: Marek Tobiszewski
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27760

MEASURING METABOLIC RATE TO IMPROVE COMFORT MANAGEMENT IN BUILDINGS
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
Indoor environment significantly affects occupants’ health and productivity. However, in smart buildings and cities, it can be improved thanks to the implementation of innovative ICT systems and services. Thermal comfort is one of the most complex aspects to be considered to enhance occupants’ well-being, because of the relevant role played by subjective parameters (physiological, psychological and cultural) in its evaluation. This challenge can be tackled by integrating wearable dev...
Autori: Andrea Calvaresi
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27783

SYSTEMS FOR RAINWATER HARVESTING AND GREYWATER REUSE AT THE BUILDING SCALE: A MODELLING APPROACH
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
In the light of water shortages, frequently affecting many regions worldwide, domestic rainwater harvesting, and greywater reuse systems represent an alternative source of water. This study fits this framework providing a hydraulic/hydrological model developed by means of the EPA’s Storm Water Management Model. The model has been applied to a case study, which consists of an apartment building located in the city of Bologna and equipped with a hybrid rainwater-greywater recycling system. C...
Autori: Sara Simona Cipolla
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27789

AN INTEGRATED HIGH TEMPORAL RESOLUTION APPROACH TO MONITOR VOCs CONCENTRATIONS AND ODOUR ANNOYANCE NEAR A PETROLEUM PLANT
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
This study aims to monitor Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) and odour annoyance perceived by the exposed population living nearby a petroleum plant through an integrated high temporal resolution methodological approach. The area under investigation is considered one of the most critical industrial areas of the South of Italy (Basilicata) because of presence of the largest Italian petroleum plant, called the "Center Olio Val d'Agri" (COVA). In fact, VOCs and odours emitted from ext...
Autori: Alessia Di Gilio
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27791

SEPARATE COLLECTION OF ORGANIC WASTE AND CARDBOARD: ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF A DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION PROJECT IN TULKAREM, WEST BANK
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
This research aimed to analyze the impact of the introduction of a separate collection system for organic waste and cardboard in the Governorate of Tulkarem, West Bank (Occupied Palestinian Territories). The amount of waste diverted from the final disposal at the landfill of Zahret Al-Finjan was quantified and the quality of separate materials was evaluated. An economic and environmental analysis was performed to quantify the impact of separate collection in terms of greenhouse gas emissions and...
Autori: Francesca Villa
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27802

INTEGRATED APPROACH FOR INNOVATIVE MONITORING STRATEGIES OF RESERVOIRS AND LAKES
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 10
An innovative strategy significantly increasing data density by introducing a flexible, problem-orientated, and cost-effective water quality monitoring approach is presented. Most current monitoring strategies produce water quality data based on fixed stations conducted on fixed dates throughout a defined period of time and, thus, often give a biased and insufficient picture of the water quality. Establishing a refined picture of water quality while not increasing monitoring costs clearly needs ...
Autori: Wiebke Warner
ISSN: 1843 - 3707
http://www.ecozone.ro/reviste.php?RID=27805

VOLTAMMETRIC STUDIES OF YBaCo2O5 IN ALKALINE AQUEOUS SOLUTION
Environmental Engineering and Management JournalVol. 17Nr. 12
Electrochemical behaviour of YBaCo2O5 perovskite in alkaline solution was studied during oxygen insertion/release process. In correlation with electrochemical studies was analyzed the compound morphology and structure. Compound electrochemical oxidation consists in intercalation of oxygen atoms in crystalline structure, which is equivalent with a structure compaction. These results were correlated with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of sample and also with SEM pictures. Compactio...
Autori: Mircea Dan
ISSN: 1843 - 3707